List of public art in the City of Westminster

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Map of the City of Westminster; the area covered by this list is in yellow.

There are more than 400 public artworks in the City of Westminster, a borough in central London. Those discussed in this article include freestanding statues, busts and other kinds of permanent sculpture, memorials (excluding plaques without a sculptural element on buildings), fountains, murals, gates and exterior mosaics in the City of Westminster, except for those in the former metropolitan boroughs of Paddington and St Marylebone and in two of the Royal Parks of London, Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens. Separate articles list works in the aforementioned areas and architectural sculpture across the borough.

There is more public sculpture in the City of Westminster than in any other area of London.[1] This reflects the borough's central location containing most of the West End, the political centres of Westminster and Whitehall and three of the Royal Parks (Green Park, Hyde Park and St James's Park, with parts also of Regent's Park and Kensington Gardens). Many of the most notable sites for commemoration in London lie within its boundaries, including Trafalgar Square, Parliament Square and the Victoria Embankment. Other monuments of note in the borough include the Albert Memorial and the Victoria Memorial. After World War I many memorials to that conflict were raised in the area, the most significant being the Grade I-listed Cenotaph in Whitehall. So great is the number of monuments in the borough that Westminster City Council has deemed an area stretching from Whitehall to St James's to be a "monument saturation zone", where the addition of new memorials is generally discouraged. The same restriction applies in Royal Parks within the borough.[2]

In addition to the permanent works which are the subject of this article, the City of Westminster is also host to several temporary displays of sculpture. The most prominent of these is at the Fourth plinth in Trafalgar Square, which has shown works by contemporary artists on rotation since 1999. Temporary outdoor displays of sculpture can also be seen at the Royal Academy and the Chelsea College of Arts. In 2010 Westminster City Council inaugurated the City of Sculpture project, which has seen contemporary sculpture installed in locations across the borough.[3]

Aldwych / Strand[edit]

Strand is the thoroughfare that has linked the City of London with Westminster since the time of the Anglo-Saxons;[4] Aldwych is a crescent at its eastern end created during urban improvements in the early 20th century. Among the examples of architectural sculpture in this area, of particular note are Jacob Epstein's reliefs of the Ages of Man for Zimbabwe House (originally the British Medical Association building). These figures were the sculptor's first major works in Britain and the subject of heated controversy due to their nudity in a public setting.[5] Much of the recent public art in this area was bequeathed to the London School of Economics in 2005 by Louis Odette, a Canadian alumnus of the university, who also founded the Windsor Sculpture Park in Windsor, Ontario. He bequeathed a total of 13 works, mainly by Canadian sculptors, to the institution; not all of these are within the remit of this list, as some are situated indoors or in the adjacent borough of Camden.[6]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
George III and Father Thames.jpg
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Statue of George III Somerset House, Edmond J. Safra Fountain Court

51°30′41″N 0°07′03″W / 51.5113°N 0.1174°W / 51.5113; -0.1174
1790c. 1790 Bacon, JohnJohn Bacon Chambers, WilliamWilliam Chambers Sculptural groups Grade I The King, in the upper group, leans on a rudder and is flanked by a British lion and the prow of a classical barge; the Thames is represented below him as a river god. The maritime theme refers both to the function of the building, as offices for the Royal Navy (among other institutions), and to the King himself as steering the ship of state.[7]
Legal Lions - - 911197.jpg Lions sejant The Law Society, Chancery Lane 1852 (original model) Stevens, AlfredAlfred Stevens Holden, CharlesCharles Holden Iron railing finials Grade II* Copies of the figures originally designed for the (now removed) dwarf-posts outside the British Museum, incorporated by Holden into his 1902–4 Law Society extension. The same design also appears on the railings surrounding Stevens's magnum opus, the Duke of Wellington's tomb in St Paul's Cathedral (completed in 1912).[8][9]
Statue of Gladstone, Strand, London.JPG
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Memorial to William Ewart Gladstone Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

51°30′47″N 0°06′53″W / 51.513°N 0.1146°W / 51.513; -0.1146
1905 Thornycroft, William HamoWilliam Hamo Thornycroft John Lee Memorial with statue and other sculpture Grade II Unveiled 4 November 1905. Allegorical figures around the base represent Courage, Education, Aspiration and Brotherhood. Also represented are the arms of Gladstone's constituencies, Midlothian, Oxford University, the Duchy of Lancaster and Newark.[10]
Samuel Johnson statue, St Clement Danes.jpg
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Statue of Samuel Johnson Strand, behind St Clement Danes

51°30′48″N 0°06′49″W / 51.5132°N 0.1136°W / 51.5132; -0.1136
1910 Fitzgerald, Percy HetheringtonPercy Hetherington Fitzgerald N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 4 August 1910. Fitzgerald was an amateur sculptor and something of a self-appointed authority on Dr Johnson, who was a parishioner of St Clement's. A portrait medallion of James Boswell is set into the pedestal, which is a post-war replacement for the original.[11]
Memorial to the Civil Service Riflemen, Somerset House, London - - 1479801.jpg
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Civil Service Rifles War Memorial Somerset House, River Terrace

51°30′37″N 0°07′03″W / 51.5103°N 0.1176°W / 51.5103; -0.1176
1923 N/A Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Memorial Grade II Unveiled 27 January 1924 in the centre of the courtyard of Somerset House; relocated in 2002. The fictive flags, carved from stone and painted, are a feature that Lutyens originally intended to employ on the Cenotaph in Whitehall.[12]
Andrew Young memorial.jpg Memorial to Andrew Young Strand, rear of central block of Bush House

51°30′45″N 0°07′01″W / 51.5125°N 0.1169°W / 51.5125; -0.1169
1924 Bradbury, EricEric Bradbury Corbett, Harvey WileyHarvey Wiley Corbett (Bush House) Plaque with portrait relief N/A Inscribed IN MEMORY OF/ ANDREW YOUNG F.S.I/ FIRST VALUER TO THE LONDON COUNTY COUNCIL/ 1884–1914/ HE LABOURED TO BEAUTIFY/ THE LONDON HE LOVED. Young oversaw the building of Aldwych and Kingsway in 1899–1905.[13][14]
LSE-mosa.jpg Mosaic Clare Market, St Clement's Building (London School of Economics)

51°30′52″N 0°07′01″W / 51.5144°N 0.117°W / 51.5144; -0.117
1961 Wilson, Harry WarrenHarry Warren Wilson White-Cooper & Turner Mosaic N/A The mosaic represents the River Thames and subjects taught at the LSE.[15][16][17]
Lord Dowding - - 680493.jpg
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Statue of Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

51°30′46″N 0°06′51″W / 51.5129°N 0.1143°W / 51.5129; -0.1143
1988 Winter, FaithFaith Winter Hart, C. A.C. A. Hart Statue N/A Unveiled 30 October 1988 by the Queen Mother.[18] The first of a pair of statues of notable Royal Air Force personnel to be erected outside St Clement Danes, the Central Church of the RAF.[19] The pose has been described as "deliberately unheroic".[18]
Nehru bust, India Place, London.JPG
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Bust of Jawaharlal Nehru India Place

51°30′44″N 0°07′07″W / 51.5123°N 0.1185°W / 51.5123; -0.1185
1991 Katt, LatikaLatika Katt Leach Associates, PeterPeter Leach Associates Bust N/A Unveiled 14 November 1991 in India House.[20]
Statue of Sir Arthur Harris outside St Clement Danes.jpg
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Statue of Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

51°30′47″N 0°06′52″W / 51.5131°N 0.1144°W / 51.5131; -0.1144
1992 Winter, FaithFaith Winter Hart and Michael Goss, T.T. Hart and Michael Goss Statue N/A Unveiled 31 May 1992 by the Queen Mother. The decision to commemorate "Bomber" Harris ignited a major controversy and was criticised by the mayors of Cologne and Dresden. The unveiling was met by a public protest.[21]
Eagle, LSE.JPG Eagle Clement's Inn, Outside Tower One (London School of Economics)

51°30′51″N 0°06′57″W / 51.5141°N 0.1158°W / 51.5141; -0.1158
2000 Duquette, A.A. Duquette N/A Sculpture N/A Part of the Odette bequest. A small bronze of an eagle's head.[6]
Salutation by Ralph Hicks, LSE.JPG Salutation Portugal Street, rear of the Peacock Theatre (London School of Economics)

51°30′52″N 0°07′03″W / 51.5144°N 0.1174°W / 51.5144; -0.1174
2002 Hicks, RalphRalph Hicks N/A Sculpture N/A Part of the Odette bequest. An abstract representation, in stainless steel, of a human figure bowing its head to passers-by. Another version is at the Windsor Sculpture Park.[22]
Elephant and LSE.jpg
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Baby Tembo Clare Market, outside the Old Building (London School of Economics)

51°30′51″N 0°07′00″W / 51.5143°N 0.1167°W / 51.5143; -0.1167
2002 Hudson, Derrick StephanDerrick Stephan Hudson N/A Sculpture N/A Part of the Odette bequest. This work and Yolanda vanderGaast's Penguin were sited on Clare Market as the LSE crèche was at that time located at the top of the street, and it was thought that these sculptures might appeal to children. The crèche has since moved.[6]
Three Fates, LSE.JPG Three Fates Clement's Inn, opposite Tower Three (London School of Economics)

51°30′49″N 0°06′54″W / 51.5137°N 0.1149°W / 51.5137; -0.1149
2003 Katz, MortonMorton Katz N/A Sculpture N/A Part of the Odette bequest.[6]
Equus, LSE.JPG Equus John Watkins Plaza, outside the British Library of Political and Economic Science

51°30′52″N 0°06′58″W / 51.5145°N 0.116°W / 51.5145; -0.116
2003 Sandys, EdwinaEdwina Sandys N/A Sculpture N/A Part of the Odette bequest. A bronze copy of a smaller marble original of 1977, produced during the artist's "Stone Age" period.[23]
Penguin, LSE.JPG Penguin Clare Market, outside St Clement's Building (London School of Economics)

51°30′52″N 0°07′00″W / 51.5144°N 0.1168°W / 51.5144; -0.1168
2009 vanderGaast, YolandaYolanda vanderGaast N/A Sculpture N/A Part of the Odette bequest. VanderGaast's original Penguin of 2002[6] stood in Clare Market from 2005. In 2009 it was stolen; the thieves left only the flippers behind. The replacement statue is more firmly secured to the ground than its predecessor.[24]


See the list of public art in Paddington


Part of Belgravia lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the list of public art in Kensington and Chelsea.

Belgravia is a district predominantly composed of early 19th-century residential buildings, many of which now serve diplomatic uses.[25] Many of the figures commemorated by memorials here were influential in the early development of the area under the ownership of the Grosvenor family, later the Dukes of Westminster. The area derives its name from Belgrave Square,[26] where the presence of several embassies has determined the strongly international character of the public art.[27]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Drinking Fountain - - 1305384.jpg Memorial to Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster Junction of Pimlico Road and Avery Farm Row

51°29′28″N 0°09′01″W / 51.4911°N 0.1503°W / 51.4911; -0.1503
c. 1870 Salviati (mosaics) ? Drinking fountain Grade II An Italian Renaissance-style drinking fountain of Portland stone and granite, with mosaic panels.[28][29]
Fountainhead by Geoffrey Wickham.JPG Fountainhead Halkin Arcade

51°29′58″N 0°09′26″W / 51.4994°N 0.1573°W / 51.4994; -0.1573
1971 Wickham, GeoffreyGeoffrey Wickham N/A Sculpture N/A Commissioned by Sotheby's, this work won the Royal British Society of Sculptors' Silver Medal in 1972 for the most distinguished new sculpture in London.[30][31]
Bolivar statue, Belgrave Square, Belgravia - DSC05405.JPG
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Statue of Simón Bolívar Belgrave Square

51°29′57″N 0°09′08″W / 51.4992°N 0.1522°W / 51.4992; -0.1522
1974 Daini, HugoHugo Daini N/A Statue N/A Unveiled by James Callaghan, then Foreign Secretary, and the Venezuelan president Rafael Caldera. The statue of Bolívar in London is said to represent him as a maker of constitutions, in contrast to those in Madrid, Rome and Paris, which are equestrian. The quotation on the pedestal stresses his admiration for British institutions: I am convinced that England alone is capable of protecting the world's precious rights as she is great, glorious and wise.[32]
Great Flora L, Chesham Place SW1.JPG Great Flora L Chesham Place

51°29′52″N 0°09′17″W / 51.4977°N 0.1548°W / 51.4977; -0.1548
1978 Koenig, FritzFritz Koenig N/A Sculpture N/A The sculpture stands outside the extension to the German Embassy, with which it is contemporary.[33] It was conceived as "a fragile 'call-sign' in the heart of the surging metropolis".[34] Flora I, a work by the same artist, is in the garden of the German Chancellery in Berlin.[35]
Hercules, Ormonde Place SW1.JPG Hercules Ormonde Place

51°29′27″N 0°09′14″W / 51.4909°N 0.1539°W / 51.4909; -0.1539
1981 ? N/A Statue N/A A small, bronze replica of the Farnese Hercules. Pedestal inscribed HERCULES/ THIS STATUE IS EXHIBITED/ BY WATES LIMITED/ MAY 1981.
Homage to Leonardo, Belgrave Square, London.JPG
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Homage to Leonardo
Leonardo da Vinci
Belgrave Square Gardens 1982 Plazzotta, EnzoEnzo Plazzotta and Mark Holloway N/A Sculpture N/A Based on Leonardo's drawing of the Vitruvian Man. Completed by Holloway, Plazzotta's studio assistant, after the elder sculptor's death in 1981. Funded by the American construction magnate John M. Harbert.[36]
Columbus statue, Belgrave Square, Belgravia - DSC05408.JPG
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Statue of Christopher Columbus Belgrave Square

51°29′55″N 0°09′13″W / 51.4985°N 0.1536°W / 51.4985; -0.1536
1992 Bañuelos, TomásTomás Bañuelos N/A Statue N/A Given by the people of Spain in commemoration of the 500th anniversary of Columbus's voyage. His birth date is mistakenly given as 1446 on the pedestal.[37]
Statue Of José de San Martín-Belgrave Square.jpg Statue of José de San Martín Belgrave Square

51°30′00″N 0°09′13″W / 51.5°N 0.1535°W / 51.5; -0.1535
1994 Ferraro, Juan CarlosJuan Carlos Ferraro N/A Statue N/A A gift of the Anglo-Argentine community in Argentina, unveiled by the Duke of Edinburgh.[38] San Martín is depicted in general's uniform with his bicorne hat held casually in his right hand, while in his left he holds a trailing sword below the hilt. An inscription reads His name represents democracy, justice and liberty.[39]
Statue of Mozart, Orange Square SW1.JPG
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Statue of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Orange Square, corner of Ebury Street and Pimlico Road

51°29′27″N 0°09′10″W / 51.4908°N 0.1529°W / 51.4908; -0.1529
1994 Jackson, PhilipPhilip Jackson N/A Statue N/A The composer is portrayed at the age of eight, when he stayed in a house on Ebury Street for the summer and autumn of 1764; he wrote his first two symphonies there. The statue was proposed to mark the bicentenary of Mozart's death in 1991.[40]
Robert Grosvenor statue, Westminster, London.JPG
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Statue of Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster Wilton Crescent

51°30′01″N 0°09′14″W / 51.5004°N 0.1538°W / 51.5004; -0.1538
1998 Wylder, JonathanJonathan Wylder N/A Statue N/A The developer of Belgravia is shown studying plans of the area, his foot resting on a milestone inscribed CHESTER/ 197/ MILES, a reference to his estate at Eaton Hall in Cheshire. On either side sit two talbots, the supporters from his coat of arms.[41] An inscription on the pedestal reads WHEN WE BUILD, LET US THINK WE BUILD FOR EVER—​a slight misquotation from John Ruskin's Seven Lamps of Architecture (1849).[42]
Armillary sphere in Belgrave Square, London.jpg Armillary sphere Belgrave Square Gardens 2000 ? N/A Armillary sphere N/A A gift from the Duke of Westminster to mark the beginning of the third millennium. The inscription on the rim is taken from William Blake's "Auguries of Innocence" (1803): To see a world in a grain of sand and a heaven in a wild flower, hold infinity in the palm of your hand and eternity in an hour.[43]
Statue Of Prince Henry The Navigator-Belgrave Square.jpg Statue of Henry the Navigator Belgrave Square

51°29′57″N 0°09′18″W / 51.4992°N 0.1549°W / 51.4992; -0.1549
2002 after José Simões de Almeida (the younger) N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 12 February 2002 by Jorge Sampaio, the President of Portugal.[44] A cast of a statue in Vila Franca do Campo on São Miguel Island, erected in 1932 to commemorate the quincentenary of the arrival of the Portuguese to the Azores.[45] The Portuguese Embassy is at 11 Belgrave Square.[46]
Bust of George Basevi, Belgrave Square Gardens SW1.JPG Bust of George Basevi Belgrave Square Gardens

51°29′56″N 0°09′10″W / 51.4989°N 0.1529°W / 51.4989; -0.1529
2002 Wylder, JonathanJonathan Wylder N/A Bust N/A Basevi was responsible for the design and construction of Belgrave Square in 1825–40.[47][48]

Charing Cross / Trafalgar Square[edit]

Charing Cross, at the junction of Strand and Whitehall, was the site of the first public monument in what is now the City of Westminster,[1] the cross commissioned by Edward I late in the 13th century in memory of his queen, Eleanor of Castile. Destroyed by order of the Long Parliament in 1647,[49] the Eleanor cross was replaced after the Restoration by the equestrian statue of Charles I by Hubert Le Sueur, the oldest public sculpture now standing in the borough.[50] In 1865 a facsimile of the cross was erected in the forecourt of Charing Cross railway station. Charing Cross was declared the official centre of London in 1831[51] and a plaque marking this status was installed near Le Sueur's statue in 1955.[52]

Immediately to the north of Charing Cross lies Trafalgar Square, one of London's most famous public spaces.[53] Conceived as part of John Nash's urban improvements, the square was initially developed from the 1820s onwards.[54] Its centrepiece, Nelson's Column, was constructed in 1839–42. Charles Barry's 1840 redesign of the square provided plinths for equestrian monuments to George IV and William IV, but sufficient funds were never raised for the latter statue.[55] Most of the memorials since added have had a military or naval flavour, an exception being the statue of the physician Edward Jenner, erected in 1858 but moved to Kensington Gardens only four years later. Another work which originally stood on the square is Hamo Thornycroft's statue of General Gordon; this was removed during World War II and reinstalled on the Victoria Embankment in 1953. Since 1999 the formerly empty fourth plinth has become London's most prominent showcase for temporary new sculpture.[56]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Statue of King Charles I, Trafalgar Square - - 396971.jpg
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Statue of Charles I Charing Cross

51°30′26″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5073°N 0.1277°W / 51.5073; -0.1277
1633 Le Sueur, HubertHubert Le Sueur Wren, ChristopherChristopher Wren Equestrian statue Grade I The earliest Renaissance-style equestrian statue in England. Originally commissioned in 1630 by Charles I's Lord High Treasurer, Lord Richard Weston, for his estate in Roehampton (then in Surrey). Erected on the site of the Charing Cross in 1674–5, when it was set on its current pedestal.[57] The reliefs were carved by Joshua Marshall, Master Mason to Charles II.[58]
Statue of James II, Trafalgar Square 02.JPG
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Statue of James II Lawn in front of the National Gallery, Trafalgar Square

51°30′31″N 0°07′45″W / 51.5085°N 0.1291°W / 51.5085; -0.1291
1686 Workshop of Grinling Gibbons N/A Statue Grade I Commissioned by the royal servant Tobias Rustat for a site outside the Palace of Whitehall. One of three statues of Stuart monarchs commissioned by him, the others being those of Charles II at the Chelsea Royal Hospital and Windsor Castle. Erected on present site in 1946.[59]
Statue of King George IV in Trafalgar Square, London (cropped).jpg
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Statue of George IV North-eastern plinth, Trafalgar Square

51°30′30″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5083°N 0.1276°W / 51.5083; -0.1276
1830 Chantrey, Francis LegattFrancis Legatt Chantrey Barry, CharlesCharles Barry Equestrian statue Grade II Originally intended to be the crowning feature of Marble Arch, the decorative scheme of which was cut back after George IV's death. It still had no home after Chantrey's death in 1843 and in December of that year it was erected in the newly laid-out Trafalgar Square.[60]

Londres - Columna de Nelson.JPG
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Nelson's Column

Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson

Centre of Trafalgar Square

51°30′28″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5077°N 0.1279°W / 51.5077; -0.1279
1839–42 Baily, Edward HodgesEdward Hodges Baily Railton, WilliamWilliam Railton Statue on column Grade I Nelson is shown without an eyepatch, but his portrayal in this statue is not idealised by the standards of the time. The figure is given stability by the coil of rope behind. Portland stone was chosen over bronze as the statue then "would not be resorted to as plunder in revolutions".[61]
Nelson's column - Death of Nelson at Trafalgar relief.jpg The Battle of Trafalgar or The Death of Nelson South face of pedestal of Nelson's Column 1846–9 Carew, John EdwardJohn Edward Carew N/A Bas-relief Grade I Nelson is depicted immediately after receiving his mortal wound; Captain Hardy turns back towards him whilst sailors to the left take aim at the marksman who dealt the fatal blow. Inscribed at the bottom ENGLAND EXPECTS EVERY MAN WILL DO HIS DUTY.[62]
Nelson's column - Battle of the Nile relief (Edward Carew, 1850).jpg The Battle of the Nile North face of pedestal of Nelson's Column 1846–50 Woodington, William F.William F. Woodington N/A Bas-relief Grade I Nelson has been taken below deck after being wounded in the head during the attack on the French fleet in Abu Qir Bay. Captain Edward Berry stands by his side.[63]
Nelson's column - Battle of Copenhagen relief.jpg The Bombardment of Copenhagen East face of pedestal of Nelson's Column 1846–54 Ternouth, JohnJohn Ternouth N/A Bas-relief Grade I Nelson, on board his flagship HMS Elephant, applies his seal to an ultimatum directed at the Crown Prince of Denmark. The city of Copenhagen is visible in the background.[64]
Nelson's column - Battle of Cape St Vincent relief (Musgrave Watson).jpg The Battle of Cape St Vincent West face of pedestal of Nelson's Column 1846–54 Musgrave Watson and William F. Woodington N/A Bas-relief Grade I Nelson is on board a Spanish ship, the San Nicolas. A Spanish officer kneels in front of Nelson, surrendering the swords of his fellow officers. Watson died in 1847 before he could complete the work.[65]
Statue of General Sir Charles James Napier in Trafalgar Square.jpg
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Statue of Charles James Napier South-western plinth, Trafalgar Square

51°30′28″N 0°07′43″W / 51.5077°N 0.1286°W / 51.5077; -0.1286
1855 Adams, George GammonGeorge Gammon Adams N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 26 November 1856. Napier holds a scroll out in his right hand, a gesture which symbolises the giving of government to Sindh. The statue was much criticised, The Art Journal calling it "perhaps the worst piece of sculpture in England".[66]
Statue of Major General Sir Henry Havelock in Trafalgar Square.jpg
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Statue of Henry Havelock South-eastern plinth, Trafalgar Square

51°30′28″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5079°N 0.1274°W / 51.5079; -0.1274
1861 Behnes, WilliamWilliam Behnes N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 10 April 1861. The pedestal inscribed at the front with a quotation from one of Havelock's pre-battle speeches, and to the rear with a list of British and Indian regiments commanded by him during the Indian Mutiny. This was the first statue ever to be modelled from a photograph.[67]

Charing Cross Memorial 3 (5821600033).jpg
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Queen Eleanor Memorial Cross
Eleanor of Castile
Forecourt of Charing Cross railway station

51°30′30″N 0°07′31″W / 51.5084°N 0.1254°W / 51.5084; -0.1254
1865 Earp, ThomasThomas Earp Barry, Edward MiddletonEdward Middleton Barry Memorial with sculpture Grade II* A replica of the original Eleanor cross at Charing, with some details inspired by the Oxford Martyrs' Memorial. It stands some distance away from the original location of the Charing Cross.[68]

Bronze lion at the foot of Nelson's Column in 1915.jpg
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Four lions At the foot of Nelson's Column 1867 Landseer, EdwinEdwin Landseer N/A Statues Grade I Unveiled 31 January 1867. Landseer, an animal painter with no previous experience in sculpture, was assisted by Carlo Marochetti.[69]
John Law Baker Memorial Drinking Fountain.JPG John Law Baker Memorial Drinking Fountain Churchyard of St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′31″N 0°07′35″W / 51.5087°N 0.1263°W / 51.5087; -0.1263
1886 ? N/A Drinking fountain with sculpture Grade II A truncated fluted column with lion's-head fountains on two sides, their basins now filled in. Inscribed IN MEMORY OF JOHN LAW BAKER/ FORMERLY OF THE MADRAS ARMY/ BORN 1789—​DIED 1886.[70]
Fountain St Martin in the Fields night.jpg Humphry, William GilsonWilliam Gilson Humphry Memorial Drinking Fountain Adelaide Street, adjacent to corner with Duncannon Street

51°30′31″N 0°07′34″W / 51.5087°N 0.126°W / 51.5087; -0.126
1886 ? N/A Drinking fountain No listing, but wall and railings listed Grade I A basic granite drinking fountain set into the churchyard wall of St Martin's, where Humphry was vicar from 1815 until his death in 1886. Restored with a replica bronze lion mash spout in about 1989, but this is no longer visible on the memorial.[71]
Edith cavell statue London.JPG
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Memorial to Edith Cavell St Martin's Place

51°30′33″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5093°N 0.1272°W / 51.5093; -0.1272
1920 Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton N/A Pylon with sculpture Grade I Unveiled 17 March 1920 by Queen Alexandra. The earliest World War I memorial project in England; plans for it began soon after Cavell's death in 1915. The inscription FOR KING AND COUNTRY was felt to be a travesty of Cavell's beliefs; in 1924 another was added with her words, PATRIOTISM IS NOT ENOUGH/ I MUST HAVE NO HATRED OR/ BITTERNESS FOR ANYONE.[72]
Statue of George Washington, Trafalgar Square 02.JPG
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Statue of George Washington Lawn in front of the National Gallery, Trafalgar Square

51°30′31″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5087°N 0.1276°W / 51.5087; -0.1276
1921 after Jean-Antoine Houdon N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 30 June 1921. A bronze cast of Houdon's 1796 marble statue for the Virginia State Capitol. The state of Virginia offered the cast to London in 1914 to mark the centenary of the Treaty of Ghent, and thus of Anglo-American peace.[73]

Bust of John Jellicoe in Trafalgar Square.jpg
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Bust of John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe Balustrade of Trafalgar Square

51°30′30″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5083°N 0.1278°W / 51.5083; -0.1278
1948 Wheeler, CharlesCharles Wheeler Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Bust The Jellicoe and Beatty memorials were unveiled on 21 October 1948 (Trafalgar Day) by the Duke of Gloucester. Each memorial consists of a fountain (adapted from those designed by Charles Barry and installed in 1845) with two bronze sculptural groups and, up against the north wall of the square, a bust of the admiral in question.[74]
Fountain at Trafalgar Square, London - - 224488.jpg Jellicoe Memorial Fountain Western fountain of Trafalgar Square

51°30′29″N 0°07′42″W / 51.508°N 0.1284°W / 51.508; -0.1284
1948 Wheeler, CharlesCharles Wheeler Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Fountain with two sculptural groups Grade II* For both memorial fountains Lutyens retained Barry's cusped quatrefoil-shaped basins and added the vase-shaped central fountains. In the Jellicoe fountain, one of the bronze groups comprises a mermaid with two merchildren and dolphins perched on a shell; the other has a triton with a merchild and dolphins on a shell.[74]
Bust of David Beatty in Trafalgar Square.jpg
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Bust of David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty Balustrade of Trafalgar Square

51°30′30″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5084°N 0.1277°W / 51.5084; -0.1277
1948 McMillan, WilliamWilliam McMillan Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Bust Grade II* During the 2003 refurbishment of the square the busts were moved to the eastern side of the new steps; they previously faced their associated fountains.[74] A square plaque near the centre of the square marks the dedication of the fountains and busts:


Trafalgar Square - - 811363.jpg Beatty Memorial Fountain Eastern fountain of Trafalgar Square

51°30′29″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5081°N 0.1277°W / 51.5081; -0.1277
1948 McMillan, WilliamWilliam McMillan Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Fountain with two sculptural groups Grade II* One bronze sculptural group consists of a mermaid riding on a dolphin and holding smaller dolphins under her arms, with a shoal of small sharks in the rear; the other depicts an equivalent grouping with a triton in place of the mermaid.[74]
Bust of Andrew Cunningham in Trafalgar Square.jpg
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Bust of Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope Balustrade of Trafalgar Square

51°30′30″N 0°07′41″W / 51.5083°N 0.128°W / 51.5083; -0.128
1967 Belsky, FrantaFranta Belsky N/A Bust N/A Unveiled 2 April 1967 by the Duke of Edinburgh. The bust contains a half-pint bottle of Guinness and a note written by the sculptor.[76]
Charing Cross tube stn Northern northbound look south.JPG Platform murals Charing Cross tube station 1979 Gentleman, DavidDavid Gentleman N/A Murals N/A The murals on the Northern line platforms depict the construction of the medieval Charing Cross; they are reproduced from woodcuts by Gentleman at twenty times their original size.[77] The murals for the Jubilee and Bakerloo lines feature photographs of Nelson's Column and paintings in the National Gallery.[78]
Trafalgar Square subway.JPG Tile murals Subway under Trafalgar Square 1992 FreeForm Arts Trust N/A Tile murals N/A A scheme depicting scenes from the history of Trafalgar Square.[16][79]
A Conversation with Oscar Wilde.jpg
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A Conversation with Oscar Wilde Adelaide Street, near St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′32″N 0°07′33″W / 51.5088°N 0.1259°W / 51.5088; -0.1259
1998 Hambling, MaggiMaggi Hambling N/A Memorial with sculpture N/A Unveiled 30 November 1998. A bronze sculpture of Wilde's head and hand (complete with cigarette) emerges from a granite, coffin-shaped plinth. Inscribed with a quotation from Lady Windermere's Fan (1892): We are all/ in the gutter/ but some of us/ are looking at/ the stars.[80]
The Christ Child, St Martin-in-the-Fields.jpg
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Christ Child Portico of St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′32″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5088°N 0.1271°W / 51.5088; -0.1271
1999 Chapman, MichaelMichael Chapman N/A Sculpture N/A A relief of a newborn baby with the umbilical cord still uncut, seemingly emerging from a block of Portland stone. The inscription running around the sides reads IN THE BEGINNING/ WAS THE WORD—​AND THE/ WORD BECAME FLESH/ AND LIVED AMONG US/ St John 1:1,14.[81]
St Martin in the Fields , top of the lightwell - - 1528629.jpg Poem

Natalie Skilbeck

North of St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′32″N 0°07′34″W / 51.509°N 0.1261°W / 51.509; -0.1261
2008 Perkins, TomTom Perkins (lettering) Parry, EricEric Parry Inscription around balustrade N/A The balustrade of a light well is inscribed with a poem by Andrew Motion in stainless steel letters, individually cast.[82] Natalie Skilbeck was a traveller on her gap year killed in a road accident in Mauritius in 2004.[83]

Covent Garden[edit]

Part of Covent Garden lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here, see the list of public art in Camden.

Covent Garden, noted for its former fruit and vegetable market which is now a shopping and entertainment area,[84] is a district on the eastern edge of the West End, between St Martin's Lane and Drury Lane.

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
David Garrick memorial plaque.JPG Memorial to David Garrick 27 Southampton Street 1901 Fehr, Henry CharlesHenry Charles Fehr Doll, Charles FitzroyCharles Fitzroy Doll Plaque with relief sculpture N/A A profile portrait of the actor is flanked by figures of the Tragic and Comic Muses. Inscribed DAVID GARRICK/ LIVED HERE/ 1750–1772/ ΜΕΛΠΟΜΕΝΗ/ ΘΑΛΕΙΑ[85]
Young Dancer by Royal Opera House (crop).jpg
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Young Dancer Broad Court, off Bow Street

51°30′49″N 0°07′21″W / 51.5136°N 0.1225°W / 51.5136; -0.1225
1988 Plazzotta, EnzoEnzo Plazzotta N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 16 May 1988. A gift to Westminster City Council by the sculptor's estate.[86]
Neptune Fountain, St Pauls Church, Covent Garden.JPG Neptune Fountain Churchyard of St Paul's, Covent Garden

51°30′41″N 0°07′25″W / 51.5115°N 0.1235°W / 51.5115; -0.1235
1995 Thomason, PhilipPhilip Thomason Insall, DonaldDonald Insall Fountain with sculpture N/A Part of the southern gate of the church, reconstructed to Inigo Jones's design after it had been removed in 1877. The material used is a very close match to Coade stone,[87] the recipe for which has been lost.
Geograph-2664230-by-Derek-Harper.jpg Market Memorial Southampton Street 2006 Owen, Glynis JonesGlynis Jones Owen Covent Garden Housing Project Architects Bronze relief panel N/A Commemorates the fruit traders who worked at Covent Garden Market from 1670 to 1974. The deliberately crude style is intended to be in the spirit of the chapbooks popular in the 18th century.[88][89]
Dame Judi Dench DBE unveiling 'The Conversion of St Paul' at St Paul's Covent Garden.jpg The Conversion of St Paul Churchyard of St Paul's, Covent Garden 2010 Denny, BruceBruce Denny N/A Equestrian sculpture N/A Unveiled 20 March 2015 by Judi Dench.[90] Originally commissioned for an exhibition of 2010 marking the tercentenary of the rebuilding of St Paul's Cathedral.[91]
Agatha Christie at Great Newport Street.jpg
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Memorial to Agatha Christie Corner of Great Newport Street and Cranbourn Street

51°30′42″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5118°N 0.1274°W / 51.5118; -0.1274
2012 Twiston-Davies, BenBen Twiston-Davies N/A Memorial with sculpture N/A Unveiled 18 November 2012. Marks the 60th year of the run of Christie's play The Mousetrap, the longest in theatrical history, which is staged nearby at St Martin's Theatre. The memorial takes the form of a book as Christie is also the world's best-selling novelist.[92] Miss Marple, Hercule Poirot, the Orient Express and a country house are depicted in relief on the book's cover.[93]
Covent Garden maze (15470788465).jpg Diamond Jubilee Memorial
Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II
Churchyard of St Paul's, Covent Garden 2012 ? N/A Relief set into pavement N/A A small, brick labyrinth encircling a relief of an over-sized coin.[94]


See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

Green Park[edit]

Green Park is one of London's Royal Parks and lies between Hyde Park and St James's Park. Much of the present landscaping is the result of remodelling by John Nash in the 1820s, and the park had been cleared of its buildings, dating to the time of Queen Caroline, by 1855.[95] Governments have traditionally been reluctant to situate memorials in the Royal Parks, and there were none in Green Park until the installation of the Canada Memorial in 1994.[96] Since then two further war memorials have been added, with the second (dedicated to the memory of RAF Bomber Command) drawing criticism for "the un-greening of this section of Green Park".[97]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Green park gates on Piccadilly (February 2010) 1.jpg Gates Piccadilly

51°30′21″N 0°08′41″W / 51.5057°N 0.1446°W / 51.5057; -0.1446
1735c. 1735 attributed to Jean Montigny Burlington, Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl ofRichard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington Gates and piers Grade II* Wrought-iron gates with piers in the Palladian style, originally from a house at Turnham Green belonging to Lord Heathfield. When this was demolished in 1837 they were bought for Chiswick House, but in 1897 they were removed to Devonshire House, which was owned by the same family. This in turn was demolished in 1921, after which the gates were moved to their present site.[98] Restored in 2000.[99]
Diana Fountain Green Park London.jpg
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Diana Fountain Near the entrance of Green Park tube station

51°30′23″N 0°08′32″W / 51.5063°N 0.1423°W / 51.5063; -0.1423
1951 Clack, Estcourt James (Jim)Estcourt James (Jim) Clack N/A Drinking fountain with sculpture N/A Unveiled 30 June 1954 on the site of an earlier fountain by Sydney Smirke. The new work was a gift of the Constance Fund, a trust fund set up in accordance with the wishes of the artist Sigismund Goetze to commission sculpture for London's parks.[100] The fountain was moved to its current, more prominent position in 2011, when some gilding was added.[101]
Leaves motif on Green Park Jubilee line platforms - - 614590.jpg Leaves Green Park tube station, Victoria and Jubilee line platforms 1979 June Fraser N/A Tile motif N/A Fraser's tiling scheme in bright red and green replaced (on the Victoria line platforms)[102] an abstract design of 1969 by Hans Unger, representing a bird's-eye view of trees in Green Park.[103]
Canada Memorial - war memorial in Green Park, London - Pierre Granche.jpg
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Canada Memorial Green Park

51°30′10″N 0°08′33″W / 51.5029°N 0.1426°W / 51.5029; -0.1426
1994 Pierre Granche Ove Arup and Partners Memorial N/A Unveiled 3 June 1994 by Elizabeth II.[104] A pyramid of Canadian granite bisected by a passageway, forming the shape of an arrow pointing from Halifax, Nova Scotia, whence Canadian soldiers sailed for London in order to fight in both world wars. The inscriptions are in English and French.[105]
Memorial Gates, Constitution Hill - - 1010664.jpg
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Memorial Gates Constitution Hill

51°30′09″N 0°08′57″W / 51.5025°N 0.1491°W / 51.5025; -0.1491
2002 N/A O'Connor, LiamLiam O'Connor Four stone pillars supporting lamps and, nearby, a chhatri N/A Unveiled 6 November 2002 by Elizabeth II. Inscribed IN MEMORY OF/ THE FIVE MILLION/ VOLUNTEERS FROM/ THE INDIAN/ SUB-CONTINENT/ AFRICA AND/ THE CARIBBEAN/ WHO FOUGHT WITH/ BRITAIN IN THE TWO/ WORLD WARS[106]
Watering Holes, Green Park, London.JPG Watering Holes Green Park

51°30′17″N 0°08′43″W / 51.5047°N 0.1454°W / 51.5047; -0.1454
2012 Titman, MarkMark Titman Robin Monotti Architects Sculptural drinking fountain N/A One of two winners of an international competition to design "a new, top-quality, low-cost, model drinking fountain",[107] the other being the Trumpet fountain installed in Kensington Gardens.[108]
RAF Bomber Command Memorial, Green Park.JPG
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RAF Bomber Command Memorial Green Park

51°30′12″N 0°08′56″W / 51.5033°N 0.1489°W / 51.5033; -0.1489
2012 Jackson, PhilipPhilip Jackson O'Connor, LiamLiam O'Connor Sculptural group inside pavilion N/A Unveiled 28 June 2012 by Elizabeth II. The memorial is classical in style, but its roof is lined with aluminium from a Halifax bomber, behind a stainless steel lattice inspired by the geodesic fuselage construction of Wellington bombers.[109]

Hyde Park[edit]

See the list of public art in Hyde Park.


Part of Kensington lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the list of public art in Kensington and Chelsea and that of public art in Kensington Gardens.

Kensington is an area of west and central London; only some parts of Kensington Gardens and South Kensington fall within the boundary of Westminster.

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Memorial to the Great Exhibition in the Kensington Gore, London 2013 (9).JPG
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Memorial to the Great Exhibition Kensington Gore

51°30′01″N 0°10′38″W / 51.5004°N 0.1773°W / 51.5004; -0.1773
1863 Durham, JosephJoseph Durham Smirke, SydneySydney Smirke Statue with other sculpture Grade II Erected in June 1863 in the gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society in South Kensington. Moved to its present site in the early 1890s.[110] Another cast of the statue of Prince Albert is in Saint Peter Port, Guernsey.[111]

Queen's Gate, Kensington (cropped).jpg Statue of Robert Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala Queen's Gate

51°30′05″N 0°10′49″W / 51.5013°N 0.1803°W / 51.5013; -0.1803
1891 Boehm, Joseph EdgarJoseph Edgar Boehm N/A Equestrian statue Grade II Originally stood in Waterloo Place; moved to its current site in 1921. A replica of the statue to Napier in Kolkata. The boundary line with Kensington and Chelsea bisects the length of this statue.[112] In 2004 the artist Eleonora Aguiari wrapped the statue in bright red tape as a comment on Britain's imperialist past.[113]
Albert Hall (4).jpg Mosaic Royal Albert Hall, South Porch

51°30′02″N 0°10′38″W / 51.5005°N 0.1773°W / 51.5005; -0.1773
2003 Wakely, ShelaghShelagh Wakely (made by Trevor Caley) Building Design Partnership (South Porch) Mosaic N/A Installed on the pediment of the Building Design Partnership's new South Porch of 2003,[114] the 60,000-piece mosaic is inspired by chaos theory[115] and by the existing, Victorian frieze on the Albert Hall's façade.[116]
Royal Geographical Society building in London.jpeg Balustrade Royal Geographical Society, Exhibition Road

51°30′04″N 0°10′29″W / 51.5011°N 0.1747°W / 51.5011; -0.1747
2004 Long, EleanorEleanor Long Downie, CraigCraig Downie Glass balustrade N/A Images of contours, maps and landscapes are etched into the glass panels.[117][118]
Velocity Wave, Imperial College Sports Centre.JPG Velocity Wave[117] Imperial College Sports Centre, Prince's Gardens

51°30′00″N 0°10′24″W / 51.5°N 0.1734°W / 51.5; -0.1734
2004–6 Kaufman, PatPat Kaufman Arup Associates Glass balustrade N/A The artist consulted scientists at Imperial College researching into the velocity wave patterns of different sporting activities. These patterns were etched into the glass panes at the entrance ramps and stairs to the sports centre, and infilled with resin and gold leaf. The balustrade is lit at night by white LED lights.[119]

Royal Albert Hall frieze[edit]

Detail of the frieze

The exterior of the Royal Albert Hall (built in 1867–71 to the designs of Francis Fowke and Henry Young Darracott Scott) is embellished with a mosaic frieze composed of sixteen separate designs by multiple artists. This was assembled from 800 slabs prepared by attendees of the South Kensington Museum's mosaic class; the terracotta was manufactured by Minton, Hollins and Company. The designs are listed below in anti-clockwise order from the north.[120]

# Subject Artist Designation
1 Various Countries of the World bringing in their Offerings
to the Exhibition of 1851
Sir Edward John Poynter, 1st Baronet Grade I
2 Music Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill
3 Sculpture Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill
4 Painting Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill
5 Princes, Art Patrons and Artists Armitage, EdwardEdward Armitage
6 Workers in Stone Yeames, William FrederickWilliam Frederick Yeames
7 Workers in Wood and Brick Yeames, William FrederickWilliam Frederick Yeames
8 Architecture Yeames, William FrederickWilliam Frederick Yeames
9 The Infancy of the Arts and Sciences Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill
10 Agriculture Marks, Henry StacyHenry Stacy Marks
11 Horticulture and Land Surveying Marks, Henry StacyHenry Stacy Marks
12 Astronomy and Navigation Marks, Henry StacyHenry Stacy Marks
13 A Group of Philosophers, Sages and Students Armitage, EdwardEdward Armitage
14 Engineering Horsley, John CallcottJohn Callcott Horsley
15 The Mechanical Powers Armstead, Henry HughHenry Hugh Armstead
16 Pottery and Glassmaking Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill


Part of Knightsbridge lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the List of public art in Kensington and Chelsea.

Knightsbridge lies to the south of Hyde Park and on the road to Kensington. Beginning in the 1840s, with Thomas Cubitt's development of Albert Gate, the area changed from a hamlet into a fashionable suburb.[121]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Stag, Albert Gate SW1.jpg Stags Albert Gate

51°30′09″N 0°09′31″W / 51.5026°N 0.1585°W / 51.5026; -0.1585
before 1839 Turnerelli, PeterPeter Turnerelli after Francesco Bartolozzi Thomas Cubitt Statues on gateposts Grade II Formerly stood at the Piccadilly entrance to the Deputy Ranger's Lodge in Green Park; Cubitt acquired the stags prior to the building's demolition. The gates and stone piers are twentieth-century replacements for Cubitt's originals of 1844–5.[122]
Fountain St Georges Hospital.jpg Drinking fountain Outside The Lanesborough

51°30′08″N 0°09′09″W / 51.5021°N 0.1525°W / 51.5021; -0.1525
1860 ? N/A Drinking fountain Grade II* (with old hospital building) One of the earliest gifts of the Metropolitan Drinking Fountain Association; the hotel building behind was originally St George's Hospital, which was felt to be a particularly appropriate location for a drinking fountain.[123]
Edinburgh Gate, Hyde Park, London 02.jpg The Rush of Green or The Bowater House Group Edinburgh Gate

51°30′09″N 0°09′44″W / 51.5024°N 0.1623°W / 51.5024; -0.1623
1959 Epstein, JacobJacob Epstein N/A Sculptural group N/A Unveiled April 1961. A mother, father, child and dog, driven by the sound of Pan's pipes, rush towards Hyde Park. Epstein was adding the finishing touches to the group on the night he died.[124]
Hyde Park gate by Wendy Ramshaw.JPG Hyde Park Gates Edinburgh Gate

51°30′08″N 0°09′38″W / 51.5023°N 0.1605°W / 51.5023; -0.1605
2010 Ramshaw, WendyWendy Ramshaw N/A Gates N/A Commissioned from the artist and jeweller as part of the One Hyde Park residential development.[125]

Search for Enlightenment, One Hyde Park.JPG Search for Enlightenment One Hyde Park

51°30′09″N 0°09′41″W / 51.5024°N 0.1614°W / 51.5024; -0.1614
2011 Gudgeon, SimonSimon Gudgeon N/A Sculptures N/A Unveiled 19 January 2012 to mark the first anniversary of One Hyde Park.[126] The developers, Candy & Candy, had previously installed a cast of the work at Riverside Walk Gardens in 2011.

Lisson Grove[edit]

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

Maida Vale[edit]

See the list of public art in Paddington.


See the list of public art in St Marylebone.


Mayfair is a residential and commercial area dominated by terraces of town houses.[127] In Grosvenor Square there are several memorials with an American theme, including a memorial garden commemorating the September 11 attacks, due to the presence on that square of the US Embassy.[128] At the southern end of the district, the courtyard of Burlington House (home of the Royal Academy) on Piccadilly is frequently used as a temporary exhibition space for artworks.[129]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Statue of Pitt the Younger, Hanover Square W1.JPG
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Statue of William Pitt the Younger Hanover Square

51°30′49″N 0°08′37″W / 51.5136°N 0.1437°W / 51.5136; -0.1437
1831 Chantrey, Francis LeggattFrancis Leggatt Chantrey N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 22 August 1831; there was an attempt by reformist opponents of Pitt to pull the statue down on the morning of the unveiling. Concerns for the work's security might have been the reason for the unusually tall plinth.[130]
Statue in Berkeley Square - - 1203080.jpg Fountain Nymph Berkeley Square

51°30′33″N 0°08′43″W / 51.5091°N 0.1453°W / 51.5091; -0.1453
1867 Munro, AlexanderAlexander Munro N/A Fountain with sculpture Grade II The pedestal inscribed THE GIFT/ OF/ HENRY 3RD MARQUIS OF LANSDOWNE. This Fountain Nymph was Munro's second treatment of the theme after that for the memorial to Herbert Ingram in Boston, Lincolnshire (1862–3). He also produced a smaller marble version of the Berkeley Square Nymph, which was installed in a public garden in Oxford in around 1970.[131]
Appealing sculpture in Mount Street Gardens - - 1089990.jpg Drinking fountain Mount Street Gardens

51°30′35″N 0°08′57″W / 51.5097°N 0.1493°W / 51.5097; -0.1493
1892 N/A George, ErnestErnest George Fountain with sculpture Grade II Inscribed THIS FOUNTAIN WAS ERECTED BY HENRY LOFTS IN/ RECOGNITION OF MANY HAPPY YEARS IN MOUNT STREET/ SIR ERNEST GEORGE. RA FECIT 1892. Lofts was an estate agent, and George an architect, to the Grosvenor estate. Lofts's office was in Mount Street, which was partly rebuilt by his firm with George as architect.[132]
Statue of Sir Joshua Reynolds at the Royal Academy.jpg
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Statue of Joshua Reynolds Burlington House

51°30′32″N 0°08′22″W / 51.5089°N 0.1394°W / 51.5089; -0.1394
1931 Drury, AlfredAlfred Drury Scott, Giles GilbertGiles Gilbert Scott Statue Grade II Unveiled 12 December 1931.[133] Drury was awarded the commission in 1917, but was too preoccupied with war memorials in the following years to proceed with the work. In 1926 he had to start over with a new composition after his studio assistant failed to keep the first clay figure moist every night, which had resulted in its disintegration.[134]
FDR statue, Grosvenor Square.jpg
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Statue of Franklin D. Roosevelt Grosvenor Square

51°30′42″N 0°09′06″W / 51.5118°N 0.1516°W / 51.5118; -0.1516
1948 Dick, William ReidWilliam Reid Dick B. W. L. Gallannaugh; Mary Jenks (lettering) Statue Grade II Unveiled 12 April 1948 by Eleanor Roosevelt. The standing pose is intended to recall one of the moments when Roosevelt took the oath of office; he usually used a wheelchair due to his paralytic illness. Winston Churchill, who first proposed the statue, had hoped for a seated depiction of the President as a pendant to the statue of Abraham Lincoln on Parliament Square.[135]
Crouching Figure, Mayfair, London.JPG Crouching Figure No. 4 Carlos Place

51°30′36″N 0°08′57″W / 51.5101°N 0.1491°W / 51.5101; -0.1491
1973 Greco, EmilioEmilio Greco Clavarino, LucaLuca Clavarino (1987 setting) Sculpture N/A Unveiled 20 November 1987.[136]
Horse and Rider by Elisabeth Frink, Dover Street, Mayfair.JPG
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Horse and Rider Dover Street

51°30′27″N 0°08′29″W / 51.5076°N 0.1415°W / 51.5076; -0.1415
1974–5 Frink, ElisabethElisabeth Frink N/A Equestrian statue N/A Frink's catalogue raisonné notes that these figures personify "the most desirable masculine qualities", namely "speed, resilience, intelligence, loyalty, affection, courage, sensitivity, beauty and free sensuality". Another cast was erected in Winchester High Street in 1983.[137]
Grosvenor Square entrance.jpg RAF Eagle Squadrons Memorial Grosvenor Square

51°30′40″N 0°09′04″W / 51.511°N 0.1511°W / 51.511; -0.1511
1986 Frink, ElisabethElisabeth Frink Kempster, T. A.T. A. Kempster Memorial with sculpture N/A Unveiled 12 May 1986.[138]
Statue of Dwight Eisenhower, Grosvenor Square W1.JPG
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Statue of Dwight D. Eisenhower Grosvenor Square

51°30′42″N 0°09′10″W / 51.5116°N 0.1528°W / 51.5116; -0.1528
1969 Dean, RobertRobert Dean Mayell Hart and Associates Statue N/A Unveiled 23 January 1989. A gift from the people of Kansas City, Missouri. Other casts of this statue are at West Point Military Academy and Eisenhower's burial place in Abilene, Kansas.[139]
BondStTilework fx wb.jpg Hat box motifs Bond Street tube station Jubilee line platforms 1979 Eckersley, TomTom Eckersley N/A Tile motifs N/A [102]
Ducking Pond Row Fountain, Hanover Square, London.JPG Ducking Pond Row Fountain Hanover Square

51°30′50″N 0°08′38″W / 51.5138°N 0.1438°W / 51.5138; -0.1438
1988 Cooper, PaulPaul Cooper N/A Fountain with sculpture N/A Originally erected in Bond Street.[140]
Taichi Spin Kick, Old Park Lane W1.JPG Taichi Spin Kick St Andrew's Building, 17 Old Park Lane

51°30′17″N 0°09′00″W / 51.5048°N 0.1499°W / 51.5048; -0.1499
1991 Ju Ming N/A Sculpture N/A [141]

London - Marylebone - Allies.jpg
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Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt

New Bond Street

51°30′38″N 0°08′33″W / 51.5105°N 0.1425°W / 51.5105; -0.1425
1995 Holofcener, LawrenceLawrence Holofcener N/A Sculptural group N/A Unveiled 2 May 1995, shortly before the 50th anniversary of VE Day, by Princess Margaret. The sculptor's wife gifted the group to the nation, but the Royal Fine Art Commission ruled out a location in a central London park. The Bond Street Association then expressed an interest in the work.[142]
London Lancashire Court, on the approach to the Handel House Museum

51°30′47″N 0°08′45″W / 51.513°N 0.1458°W / 51.513; -0.1458
2001 Czerwinski, MichaelMichael Czerwinski (with Ray Howell) N/A Tile mural N/A Scenes of the city in ancient and modern times, hand-painted and in relief.[116]
Salmon Leap sculpture, Berkeley Square, London.JPG Salmon Leap Outside 40 Berkeley Square

51°30′35″N 0°08′49″W / 51.5098°N 0.147°W / 51.5098; -0.147
2004 Cooper, MichaelMichael Cooper N/A Sculpture N/A Refers to the Tyburn which once ran nearby.[143]
Curzon Square, London W1.JPG Granite Sculptures Curzon Square

51°30′22″N 0°09′03″W / 51.506°N 0.1508°W / 51.506; -0.1508
2004 Aiken, JohnJohn Aiken Rolfe Judd Sculptures N/A The bench-like sculptures are formed from black granite from Zimbabwe and silver-grey granite from Portugal spliced together.[144]
Untitled Princes Street

51°30′52″N 0°08′34″W / 51.5145°N 0.1428°W / 51.5145; -0.1428
2004 Beleschenko, AlexanderAlexander Beleschenko N/A Glass panels on building N/A [145]
Aspiration, Leconfield House, Curzon Street W1.JPG Aspiration In front of Leconfield House, Curzon Street

51°30′23″N 0°08′59″W / 51.5065°N 0.1498°W / 51.5065; -0.1498
2006 Brown, JohnJohn Brown N/A Sculpture N/A [146]
New Burlington Flare New Burlington Place

51°30′45″N 0°08′26″W / 51.5124°N 0.1406°W / 51.5124; -0.1406
2006 Bleyenberg, MichaelMichael Bleyenberg N/A Light installation N/A [147]
Water feature Silence, Mayfair, London.JPG Silence

Simon Milton

Mount Street / Carlos Place

51°30′36″N 0°08′57″W / 51.5101°N 0.1492°W / 51.5101; -0.1492
2011 N/A Ando, TadaoTadao Ando et al. Water feature N/A A raised granite-edged pool into which two trees are set, and which emits clouds of water vapour for fifteen seconds every fifteen minutes.[148] Jointly commissioned by the Grosvenor Estate and the Connaught Hotel; Blair Associates Architects and the Building Design Partnership were also involved the project.[149]
Shop 'Til You Drop Bruton Lane

51°30′38″N 0°08′37″W / 51.5105°N 0.1437°W / 51.5105; -0.1437
2011 Banksy N/A Graffiti N/A [150]
Statue of Ronald Reagan, Grosvenor Square W1.JPG
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Statue of Ronald Reagan Grosvenor Square

51°30′39″N 0°09′09″W / 51.5109°N 0.1524°W / 51.5109; -0.1524
2011 Fagan, ChasChas Fagan N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 4 July 2011. Westminster City Council's rule that a person may only be commemorated by a statue 10 years after their death was waived so that Margaret Thatcher could perform the unveiling,[151] but she proved too unwell to attend the ceremony. A fragment of the Berlin Wall is incorporated into the pedestal.[152]
1 Wilder Walk, Soho, London.jpg Timelines Wilder Walk

51°30′38″N 0°08′09″W / 51.5105°N 0.1357°W / 51.5105; -0.1357
2011 Schönbächler, DanielaDaniela Schönbächler Dixon Jones Architects Light installation N/A [153]
Rebecca Salter - Terza Rima - 2014-10-16 - Andy Mabbett - 05.JPG
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Terza Rima 9–15 Sackville Street

51°30′35″N 0°08′18″W / 51.5096°N 0.1382°W / 51.5096; -0.1382
2011–12 Salter, RebeccaRebecca Salter JM Architects Designs screenprinted onto windows and a bronze panel N/A [154]
Portcullis Gates 33 Davies Street

51°30′43″N 0°08′53″W / 51.5119°N 0.1481°W / 51.5119; -0.1481
2013 Ramshaw, WendyWendy Ramshaw HOK Gates N/A 3.6 metres (12 ft)-high bronze gates with abstract patterns of "flowing lines and intersecting arcs ... reflecting the life and style of Mayfair", which can be lowered at night in the manner of a portcullis.[155][156][157]
An Age, An Instant.jpg An Age, An Instant New Burlington Mews 2014 Smith, RonaRona Smith N/A Gate N/A Unveiled 29 April 2014. The artist took her inspiration from turn-of-the-century pocket watches, as this locale was a centre for the watchmaking trade in the early 20th century when the building's façade was rebuilt.[158]
Elephant bronze outside Crown Aspinalls, Curzon Street W1.JPG Elephant Aspinall's, Curzon Street

51°30′23″N 0°08′58″W / 51.5064°N 0.1495°W / 51.5064; -0.1495
? ? N/A Statue N/A The gambling club's founder, John Aspinall, was a noted wildlife enthusiast whose two animal parks in Kent, Howletts and Port Lympne, are funded by the club's proceeds.[159]


Millbank is a district by the River Thames, east of Pimlico. It is the location of Tate Britain and the Chelsea College of Arts. The latter institution's Rootstein Hopkins Parade Ground is a large temporary exhibition space for the work of students and established artists.[160]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
The Rescue of Andromeda, Tate Britain.jpg
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The Rescue of Andromeda Outside Tate Britain

51°29′27″N 0°07′37″W / 51.4909°N 0.1269°W / 51.4909; -0.1269
1893 Fehr, Henry CharlesHenry Charles Fehr N/A Sculptural group Grade II* (with building) A plaster model was exhibited in the Royal Academy in 1893 and cast in bronze, probably at the recommendation of Frederic, Lord Leighton. This was bought for the Tate the following year under the terms of the Chantrey Bequest. Initially displayed inside the gallery, it was moved to its present site in 1911, where the sculptor felt it was "swamped by heavy masonry".[161]
Statue of John Everett Millais by Thomas Brock.jpg
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Statue of John Everett Millais John Islip Street, rear of Tate Britain

51°29′28″N 0°07′44″W / 51.4911°N 0.1289°W / 51.4911; -0.1289
1904 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock N/A Statue Grade II Originally stood by the entrance of the gallery. By 1961 Norman Reid, the Tate's director, considered the statue to have a "positively harmful" effect and attempted have it replaced by Rodin's sculpture of John the Baptist. In 2000 the statue was moved to the rear of the building after ownership was transferred from English Heritage to the Tate.[162]
The Death Of Dirce, Tate Britain.jpg
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The Death Of Dirce Outside Tate Britain

51°29′27″N 0°07′37″W / 51.4907°N 0.127°W / 51.4907; -0.127
1906 Lawes-Wittewronge, Charles BennettCharles Bennett Lawes-Wittewronge N/A Sculptural group Grade II*(with building) Based on the Farnese Bull, a classical sculpture depicting the same subject. Presented to the Tate by the sculptor's widow in 1911. A second, larger version in marble is in the grounds of Rothamsted Manor, the sculptor's family estate in Hertfordshire.[163]
Two Piece Reclining Figure No.1 Sculpture By Henry Moore At 45 Millbank - London.jpg Two Piece Reclining Figure No. 1 McGregor Courtyard, Chelsea College of Arts, Atterbury Road

51°29′25″N 0°07′39″W / 51.4902°N 0.1274°W / 51.4902; -0.1274
1959 Moore, HenryHenry Moore N/A Sculpture N/A Originally installed at the Chelsea School of Art's newly built Manresa Road campus in 1964, Moore's sculpture took up residence at the college's current location in 2010.[164]
Locking Piece - Henry Moore - - 1300464.jpg
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Locking Piece Riverside Walk Gardens

51°29′21″N 0°07′40″W / 51.4891°N 0.1278°W / 51.4891; -0.1278
1963–4 Moore, HenryHenry Moore N/A Sculpture Grade II Unveiled 19 July 1968. Moore had never been satisfied with the setting of the piece on a multi-faceted plinth by a fountain; these features were removed and the gardens re-landscaped in 2003.[165]
Jeté by Enzo Plazzotta, left side view.jpg
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Jeté Millbank, south of Tate Britain

51°29′23″N 0°07′40″W / 51.4897°N 0.1277°W / 51.4897; -0.1277
1975 Plazzotta, EnzoEnzo Plazzotta N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 16 July 1985. Represents the dancer David Wall making his entrance in the ballet La Bayadère.[166]
Glass canopy Chapter House, Chapter Street

51°29′28″N 0°08′02″W / 51.4912°N 0.134°W / 51.4912; -0.134
2004 Maestri, KateKate Maestri with Andrew Moor Associates N/A Glass canopy N/A [167]
Channel 4 building.jpg Big 4 Channel 4 headquarters, Horseferry Road

51°29′45″N 0°07′58″W / 51.4959°N 0.1329°W / 51.4959; -0.1329
2007 Freestate and Atelier One N/A Sculpture N/A Unveiled 16 October 2007, for Channel 4's 25th anniversary. The separate elements of the sculpture when seen from the right angle form the number 4, in the manner of the channel's idents. The bare steel structure was designed to be adapted by artists who would create their own "skins", thus constantly renewing the work.[168]

Search for Enlightenment at Millbank.jpg Search for Enlightenment Riverside Walk Gardens

51°29′21″N 0°07′41″W / 51.4892°N 0.128°W / 51.4892; -0.128
2011 Gudgeon, SimonSimon Gudgeon N/A Sculptures N/A Unveiled 9 October 2011.[169] Two large, bronze heads in profile, shallow and hollowed-out with their faces upturned to the sky. The sculptor wished to comment on "the narrowness of consciousness, the vastness of time and the transience of humanity".[170] (See also another casting above.)
Tree sculpture The Courthouse, Horseferry Road

51°29′43″N 0°07′43″W / 51.4953°N 0.1286°W / 51.4953; -0.1286
2014 Price, TomTom Price Biotecture Sculpture N/A [171]


See the list of public art in Paddington.


Pimlico is a triangular area between the River Thames and Belgravia, bounded by Vauxhall Bridge Road to the east and the railway line into Victoria Station in the west.[172]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
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Statue of William Huskisson Pimlico Gardens

51°29′08″N 0°08′00″W / 51.4856°N 0.1334°W / 51.4856; -0.1334
1836 Gibson, JohnJohn Gibson N/A Statue N/A Commissioned for a site outside the Custom House in Liverpool. This was Gibson's second version of the statue originally in Huskisson's mausoleum in St James Cemetery, Liverpool (now in the Walker Art Gallery).[173] Moved to the Royal Exchange before coming to the present site in 1915.[174]
First and Second World War Memorial O-S St Saviours Church Lupus Street - - 1115263.jpg War memorial St Saviour's church, Lupus Street

51°29′19″N 0°08′08″W / 51.4885°N 0.1355°W / 51.4885; -0.1355
after 1918 ? N/A Crucifix N/A Commemorates parishioners who died in both World Wars.[175]
Obelisk Walden House c. 1930 Johnson, ArnridArnrid Johnson N/A Sculptural group N/A A three-sided sculptural group (badly weathered on two sides) of children playing, with a base depicting groups of animals in the round, all in Portland stone. The critic Kineton Parkes considered this to be Johnson's most important work.[176]
Dolphin mosaic Dolphin Square c. 1937 ? N/A Mosaic N/A This mosaic, which has been described as having an "Hellenic" appearance, was originally situated at the main entrance of the Dolphin Square development but was moved to its present location during renovation work.[177]
Pimlico station motif.JPG Spot motif Pimlico tube station platforms 1972c. 1972 Sedgley, PeterPeter Sedgley N/A Tiled pattern N/A The motif of yellow spray bursts on a white background was inspired by Sedgley's own op art painting of 1968, Go.[178]
Eduardo Paolozzi's Ventilation Tower Sculpture, Pimlico Tube Station - London.jpg
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Cooling Tower Bessborough Street, Drummond Gate

51°29′21″N 0°07′59″W / 51.4892°N 0.133°W / 51.4892; -0.133
1979–82 Paolozzi, EduardoEduardo Paolozzi Whitfield Partners Sculpture N/A Paolozzi's cast iron relief panels, painted in aluminium, encase the cooling equipment for the air conditioning of Pimlico tube station. Conceived as a "pivot or 'marker'" on the route from the tube station to the Tate Gallery, it was described by the architects as "an opportunity to transform a mechanical necessity into a genuine sculpture". Commissioned by the Crown Estate Commissioners.[179]
Dolphin Fountain Dolphin Square

51°29′11″N 0°08′10″W / 51.4864°N 0.1362°W / 51.4864; -0.1362
1987 Butler, JamesJames Butler N/A Fountain with sculptural group N/A Installed to mark the 50th anniversary of the building of Dolphin Square.[177]
Thomas Cubitt Statue.jpg
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Statue of Thomas Cubitt Denbigh Street

51°29′19″N 0°08′19″W / 51.4886°N 0.1387°W / 51.4886; -0.1387
1994–5 Fawke, WilliamWilliam Fawke N/A Statue N/A The site is adjacent to that of the workshops used by Cubitt in the building of Pimlico. He is depicted with a yardstick in hand, selecting a brick to measure from underneath the tarpaulin. Another cast of the statue is in Dorking, Surrey.[180]
The Helmsman, Pimlico Gardens.jpg The Helmsman Pimlico Gardens

51°29′07″N 0°08′04″W / 51.4854°N 0.1345°W / 51.4854; -0.1345
1996 Wallace, AndréAndré Wallace N/A Sculpture N/A Wallace is primarily interested in subjects involving journeys or transportation. This sculpture, of a figure at the helm of a boat, was the winning entry in a competition between five artists; it was felt to reflect the area's maritime history.[181]
Sculpture on Thames side path - - 1194491.jpg River Cut Tide Riverside walk adjacent to Grosvenor Road

51°29′09″N 0°07′56″W / 51.4859°N 0.1323°W / 51.4859; -0.1323
2002 Mason, PaulPaul Mason N/A Sculpture N/A Also nearby is a slate tablet, again by Mason, marking the site of the confluence of the river Tyburn and the Thames.[182]
Roller Skater by Andre Wallace.jpg Roller Skater Vauxhall Bridge Road

51°29′27″N 0°08′03″W / 51.4909°N 0.1343°W / 51.4909; -0.1343
2010 Wallace, AndréAndré Wallace N/A Sculpture N/A The artist wished to make a sculpture "that would be positive and dynamic and reflect the youth and vitality of an urban street."[183]
Shack Stack, Grosvenor Waterside.jpg Shack Stack Grosvenor Waterside 2010 Wilson, RichardRichard Wilson N/A Sculpture N/A A sculpture in aluminium inspired by the ramshackle nature of the sheds often found in British allotments.[184]
Bessborough Gardens and St George Wharf Tower.jpg The Queen Mother's Commemorative Fountain Bessborough Gardens

51°29′19″N 0°07′49″W / 51.4885°N 0.1304°W / 51.4885; -0.1304
1980 Shepheard, PeterPeter Shepheard N/A Fountain N/A A fountain in aluminium based on a cast of a George John Vulliamy streetlamp base from the Thames Embankment featuring two sturgeon.[185][186]

Regent's Park[edit]

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

St James's / St James's Park[edit]

The aristocratic district of St James's lies to the north of St James's Park, a former hunting ground attached to St James's Palace.[187] The Mall, marking the northern boundary of the park, was transformed into a major thoroughfare in the 1900s by Aston Webb as part of the national memorial to Queen Victoria.[188] Its focal point looking west is the Victoria Memorial designed by Thomas Brock, one of several memorials set along its axis from the early 20th century onwards. To the east The Mall joins John Nash's processional route (which originally connected Carlton House to Regent's Park) at Carlton House Terrace.[189] The part of this route within St James's includes Waterloo Place, described as "one of the more dramatic pieces of town planning in London" and lined with statues and memorials mainly of a military character.[190] Elsewhere in the district, the Economist Plaza hosted changing displays of contemporary sculpture in the early 21st century; this programme came to an end in 2010 after running for over ten years.[191]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Statue of William III, St James Square.jpg
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Statue of William III St James's Square

51°30′26″N 0°08′07″W / 51.5072°N 0.1353°W / 51.5072; -0.1353
1807 John Bacon, Jr. N/A Equestrian statue Grade I Very likely to a design of the sculptor's father John Bacon, Senior, dating to 1794. The design is probably inspired by John Michael Rysbrack's equestrian statue of William III in Queen Square, Bristol.[192]
Duke of York statue from The Mall.jpg
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Duke of York Column
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′54″W / 51.5063°N 0.1318°W / 51.5063; -0.1318
1829–34 Westmacott, RichardRichard Westmacott Wyatt, Benjamin DeanBenjamin Dean Wyatt Statue on column Grade I The Duke, in his Garter robes, stands atop an unfluted Doric column. Westmacott intended for the statue to face north towards Regent Street, but William IV, on the Duke of Wellington's advice, requested that it face the Horse Guards to the south. The column was completed in 1832 and the statue raised on 3 April 1834.[193]
Statue of George III, Pall Mall SW1.jpg
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Statue of George III Cockspur Street, facing down Pall Mall

51°30′28″N 0°07′50″W / 51.5078°N 0.1305°W / 51.5078; -0.1305
1836c. 1836 Wyatt, Matthew CotesMatthew Cotes Wyatt N/A Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 3 August 1836 by the Duke of Cumberland. After the King's death in 1820 Wyatt designed an ambitious multi-figure monument, but there were too few subscriptions for the project to go ahead. Fund-raising recommenced in 1831. The statue came to be nicknamed "the Pigtail and Pump-head".[194]
Buckingham Palace Gates. London. 1905.jpg
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Buckingham Palace Gates Forecourt of Buckingham Palace

51°30′05″N 0°08′29″W / 51.5015°N 0.1413°W / 51.5015; -0.1413
1850–1 (N)
1904–8 (S)
1911 (centre)
John Thomas, W. S. Frith, Walter Gilbert and Louis Weingartner Burton, DecimusDecimus Burton and Aston Webb Gates and piers with sculptural decoration Grade I Burton's gates were installed after the removal of Marble Arch, formerly the ceremonial entrance to the palace. Webb commissioned the Bromsgrove Guild to produce replicas with minor variations, which were erected on the southern side. The central gates were added at the request of George V.[195]
Crimea monument London 2.jpg
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The Guards Crimean War Memorial Waterloo Place

51°30′27″N 0°07′58″W / 51.5074°N 0.1327°W / 51.5074; -0.1327
1858–62 Bell, JohnJohn Bell N/A Memorial with sculpture Grade II The figures at the base of the plinth are of a Grenadier, a Fusilier and a Coldstream Guard; the crowning figure represents Honour. They are cast in bronze from cannon captured at the Siege of Sevastopol.[196]
The Boy, St James’s Park.jpg
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The Boy St James's Park

51°30′04″N 0°08′03″W / 51.5012°N 0.1341°W / 51.5012; -0.1341
1863 Mabey, Charles HenryCharles Henry Mabey for Robert Jackson & Son N/A Drinking fountain with sculpture Grade II A marble figure of a boy naked to the waist, set on a granite plinth with marble panels. The badly worn and much vandalised sculpture was repaired in 1993 and unveiled by Douglas Hurd.[197]
John Franklin statue.jpg
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Statue of John Franklin Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5064°N 0.1322°W / 51.5064; -0.1322
1866 Noble, MatthewMatthew Noble N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 15 November 1866. Franklin is depicted in the act of announcing the discovery of the Northwest Passage to his officers and crew. At the back of the pedestal is a map of the Arctic, showing the positions of the boats and crews at the moment of Franklin's burial.[198]
London, UK (August 2014) - 093.JPG
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Statue of Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea Waterloo Place

51°30′26″N 0°07′58″W / 51.5073°N 0.1327°W / 51.5073; -0.1327
1867 Foley, John HenryJohn Henry Foley Wyatt, Thomas HenryThomas Henry Wyatt Statue Grade II Unveiled 1 June 1867 in Pall Mall. Moved to the courtyard of the War Office, Whitehall, in 1906. In 1915 it was moved to Waterloo Place to become a pendant sculpture to that of Florence Nightingale, which was given a matching plinth.[199]
Colin Campbell Memorial.jpg
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Statue of Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′54″W / 51.5067°N 0.1317°W / 51.5067; -0.1317
1867 Marochetti, CarloCarlo Marochetti N/A Statue and other sculpture Grade II The statue stands on a cylindrical granite pedestal; on a lower base projecting from this is a group of Victory seated on a lion.[200] Originally intended for Horse Guards Parade, but when the pedestal was installed there the Admiralty complained that it was blocking their entrance, and the site was changed.[201]
John Fox Burgoyne Statue.jpg Statue of John Fox Burgoyne Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5065°N 0.1323°W / 51.5065; -0.1323
1877 Boehm, Joseph EdgarJoseph Edgar Boehm N/A Statue Grade II Originally intended to stand outside the War Office in Whitehall. Boehm incorporated a tiny group of Saint George and the Dragon by his pupil Alfred Gilbert at the end of Burgoyne's baton.[202]
Lawrence Statue.jpg Statue of John Lawrence, 1st Baron Lawrence Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′54″W / 51.5066°N 0.1316°W / 51.5066; -0.1316
1885 Boehm, Joseph EdgarJoseph Edgar Boehm N/A Statue Grade II A replacement for Boehm's statue of 1882, which was heavily criticised for its realism. This was presented to Lahore, where it proved equally controversial; in 1962 it was brought to Derry and erected in front of Foyle College, Lawrence's old school.[203]
Queen Victoria statue, Carlton House Terrace.JPG Statue of Queen Victoria Forecourt of 16 Carlton House Terrace

51°30′24″N 0°07′51″W / 51.5066°N 0.1307°W / 51.5066; -0.1307
1898–1902c. 1898–1902 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 5 February 1902 by Lord Salisbury in the Junior Constitutional Club, Piccadilly; sold in 1940. Moved to the present site in 1971, when this building was being used as an annexe of the National Portrait Gallery.[204]
Victoria Memorial London.JPG
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Victoria Memorial
Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens, The Mall

51°30′07″N 0°08′26″W / 51.5019°N 0.1406°W / 51.5019; -0.1406
1901–24 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock N/A Memorial with sculpture Grade I Unveiled 16 May 1911 by George V. Brock was adamant that he, and not Aston Webb, was responsible for the architectural design of the memorial. Despite never having travelled to France, he produced a work that was convincingly abreast with belle époque fashion.[205]
Memorial to The Royal Marines.jpg
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Royal Marines Memorial The Mall

51°30′24″N 0°07′46″W / 51.5066°N 0.1295°W / 51.5066; -0.1295
1903 Jones, AdrianAdrian Jones Jackson, Thomas GrahamThomas Graham Jackson Memorial with sculpture Grade II Unveiled 25 April 1903 by the Prince of Wales (the future George V), on a site now occupied by the Admiralty Citadel. Removed in 1940 and reinstalled on the Mall in 1948.[206]
Australia Gate pier with boy, ram and shield.png Australia Gate Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′04″N 0°08′24″W / 51.5012°N 0.1399°W / 51.5012; -0.1399
1905–8 Wood, Francis DerwentFrancis Derwent Wood Webb, AstonAston Webb Piers with sculptural decoration Grade I The nude boys on the two piers hold the 1908 coat of arms of Australia; the western boy is accompanied by a kangaroo and the eastern by a Merino ram.[207]
Canada Gate - Green Park, London England.jpg
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Canada Gate Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′09″N 0°08′29″W / 51.5025°N 0.1414°W / 51.5025; -0.1414
1905–8 Pegram, Henry AlfredHenry Alfred Pegram Webb, AstonAston Webb Gates and piers with sculptural decoration Grade I The nude boys on the outermost piers hold the 1868 arms of Canada and have attributes referring to fishing and agriculture. The gates were produced by the Bromsgrove Guild.[208]
Buckingham Palace IMG 9239.JPG South Africa Gate Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′08″N 0°08′22″W / 51.5023°N 0.1395°W / 51.5023; -0.1395
1905–8 Drury, AlfredAlfred Drury Webb, AstonAston Webb Piers with sculptural decoration Grade I The nude boy on the northern pier, representing South Africa, holds a shield with the arms of the Cape Colony; that on the southern, representing West Africa, holds a blank shield.[208]
Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial.jpg
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Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial The Mall

51°30′19″N 0°07′52″W / 51.5054°N 0.131°W / 51.5054; -0.131
1910 Colton, William RobertWilliam Robert Colton Webb, AstonAston Webb Memorial with sculpture Grade II Unveiled 20 July 1910 by the Duke of Connaught. Colton was given the commission after Thomas Brock turned it down due to the pressure of other commitments. Few were pleased with the resulting memorial.[209]
Statue of Captain Cook, The Mall SW1.JPG
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Statue of James Cook The Mall

51°30′23″N 0°07′45″W / 51.5063°N 0.1292°W / 51.5063; -0.1292
1914 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock probably Aston Webb Statue Grade II Unveiled 7 July 1914 by the Duke of Connaught. The idea for the memorial was first proposed by the former Prime Minister of New South Wales, who wrote to The Times complaining of the lack of a statue to Captain Cook in London.[210]
Florence Nightingale statue.jpg
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Statue of Florence Nightingale Waterloo Place

51°30′26″N 0°07′57″W / 51.5073°N 0.1326°W / 51.5073; -0.1326
1915 Walker, Arthur GeorgeArthur George Walker Wyatt, Thomas HenryThomas Henry Wyatt Statue Grade II Unveiled 24 February 1915. The last of a group of three memorials with a Crimean theme on Waterloo Place. The plinth is a copy of that of the statue of Lord Herbert, and is decorated with bronze reliefs of scenes from Nightingale's life.[211]
Scott statue 1.jpg
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Statue of Robert Falcon Scott Waterloo Place

51°30′25″N 0°07′55″W / 51.5069°N 0.1319°W / 51.5069; -0.1319
1915 Scott, KathleenKathleen Scott N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 5 November 1915 by Arthur Balfour. The sculptor was Captain Scott's widow; she produced a marble replica for Christchurch, New Zealand.[212]
Edward VII equestrian London 1.jpg
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Statue of Edward VII Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5067°N 0.1321°W / 51.5067; -0.1321
1921 Mackennal, BertramBertram Mackennal Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 20 July 1921 by George V. Edward VII is depicted in Field Marshal's uniform. Stands on the site previously occupied by the equestrian statue of Lord Napier now at Queen's Gate, Kensington.[213]
Army and Navy Club War Memorial.JPG Army and Navy Club War Memorial Outside the Army and Navy Club, Pall Mall

51°30′22″N 0°08′08″W / 51.5061°N 0.1356°W / 51.5061; -0.1356
1923–6 Gotto, BasilBasil Gotto N/A Statue N/A Originally stood in the Victorian clubhouse, which was demolished around 1962. The memorial went into storage at the Ministry of Defence. In 2001 it was returned to the club and displayed in a glass case outside its 1960s building.[214]
Statue of Mary of Nazareth, Piccadilly.jpg Mary of Nazareth Churchyard of St James's, Piccadilly

51°30′31″N 0°08′13″W / 51.5085°N 0.137°W / 51.5085; -0.137
1925c. 1925 Wheeler, CharlesCharles Wheeler N/A Statue N/A The sculpture, exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1925, was offered to St James's by Wheeler's family after his death. It was erected on this site in 1975.[215]
Statue of Peace, St James Piccadilly.jpg
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Peace Churchyard of St James's, Piccadilly

51°30′30″N 0°08′14″W / 51.5084°N 0.1373°W / 51.5084; -0.1373
1926c. 1926 Hardiman, Alfred FrankAlfred Frank Hardiman N/A Statue N/A As Hardiman died in 1949 leaving his Southwood Memorial for the churchyard unfinished, the sculptor's widow gave this earlier work to St James's as a substitute and as a memorial to her husband.[216]
Queen Alexandra Memorial CCC.jpg
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Queen Alexandra Memorial
Alexandra of Denmark
Marlborough Road

51°30′17″N 0°08′12″W / 51.5047°N 0.1368°W / 51.5047; -0.1368
1926–32 Gilbert, AlfredAlfred Gilbert N/A Memorial with sculpture Grade I Unveiled 8 June 1932 by George V. Despite Gilbert's earlier disgrace with the royal family after failing to complete the Duke of Clarence's tomb, the Queen was said to have expressed a wish that he sculpt her memorial should he outlive her. Gilbert, aged 78, was knighted the day after its unveiling.[217]
Lord Curzon statue, Carlton House Terrace.jpg Statue of George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston Carlton House Terrace

51°30′22″N 0°08′00″W / 51.506°N 0.1333°W / 51.506; -0.1333
1930 Mackennal, BertramBertram Mackennal N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 20 March 1931 by Stanley Baldwin. The statue stands opposite the viceroy's former house. Mackennal had previously sculpted Curzon's tomb effigy in All Saints Church, Kedleston.[218]
Fountain in the yard of Saint James' Church, Piccadilly - - 1415027.jpg
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Memorial to Julius Salter Elias, 1st Viscount Southwood Churchyard of St James's, Piccadilly

51°30′31″N 0°08′14″W / 51.5086°N 0.1371°W / 51.5086; -0.1371
1948 Hardiman, Alfred FrankAlfred Frank Hardiman Richardson, AlbertAlbert Richardson Memorial with sculpture Grade II At the entrance to the Garden of Remembrance financed by Southwood, a newspaper magnate. Putti on dolphins and playing musical instruments refer to his charitable work for the children's hospital at Great Ormond Street.[219]
1-4 Pickering Place 20130408 128.JPG Sundial Pickering Place before 1953 ? N/A Armillary sphere N/A [220]

George VI - Statue - Carlton House Terrace - London - 310504.jpg
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Statue of George VI Carlton House Terrace

51°30′19″N 0°08′02″W / 51.5052°N 0.1338°W / 51.5052; -0.1338
1955 McMillan, WilliamWilliam McMillan Soissons, Louis deLouis de Soissons (1955)

Donald Insall (2008)

Statue Grade II Unveiled 21 October 1955 by Elizabeth II. The statue was moved forward from its original setting in 2008 to form part of a joint memorial with the King's wife, Queen Elizabeth (the Queen Mother).[221]
Memorial to Queen Mary, Marlborough Road.jpg
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Queen Mary Memorial
Mary of Teck
Junction of The Mall and Marlborough Road

51°30′17″N 0°08′08″W / 51.5046°N 0.1355°W / 51.5046; -0.1355
1967 Dick, William ReidWilliam Reid Dick Stone, Alan ReynoldsAlan Reynolds Stone (lettering) Plaque with relief sculpture N/A Unveiled 7 June 1967. The profile portrait is a bronze replica of the memorial to Queen Mary at St Mary Magdalene's church, Sandringham, Norfolk.[222]
Yvonnefletchermemorial.jpg Memorial to Yvonne Fletcher St James's Square

51°30′28″N 0°08′06″W / 51.5077°N 0.1351°W / 51.5077; -0.1351
1985 ? N/A Stele N/A Unveiled 1 February 1985 by Margaret Thatcher. The first memorial to be erected by the Police Memorial Trust, founded in response to Fletcher's shooting during a siege of the Libyan embassy on the Square.[223]
General de Gaulle - - 717956.jpg Statue of Charles de Gaulle Carlton Gardens

51°30′21″N 0°08′03″W / 51.5057°N 0.1342°W / 51.5057; -0.1342
1993 Conner, AngelaAngela Conner Wiehahn, BernradBernrad Wiehahn Statue N/A Unveiled 23 June 1993 by the Queen Mother. De Gaulle (who requested that no statues be raised to him) gestures with his left hand towards 4 Carlton Gardens, the headquarters of the Free French from 1940.[218]
Fountain at the Economist Plaza - - 1375861.jpg Eclipse

Charles Moore, 11th Earl of Drogheda

Economist Plaza

51°30′25″N 0°08′21″W / 51.507°N 0.1392°W / 51.507; -0.1392
1996 Conner, AngelaAngela Conner N/A Fountain with sculpture N/A The memorial fountain consists of two moving discs mounted on a wall, which slowly fill up with water. In 2008 Conner voiced her displeasure with the Economist's neglect of the work's upkeep.[224]
Sculptures outside Anglo American.jpg Two Wave Form Outside Anglo American Head Office, 20 Carlton House Terrace

51°30′25″N 0°07′49″W / 51.507°N 0.1304°W / 51.507; -0.1304
1999 Carter, John SydneyJohn Sydney Carter N/A Sculpture N/A Commissioned by Westminster City Council.[225]
The Stag by Marcus Cornish.jpg Stag St James's Square

51°30′24″N 0°08′08″W / 51.5067°N 0.1355°W / 51.5067; -0.1355
2001 Cornish, MarcusMarcus Cornish N/A Statue N/A Commissioned by the developer Patrick Despard for Cleveland House, St James's Square. As the sculpture did not find favour with the building's occupants, it was presented to the trustees of the square.[226]
Beau Brummell Statue Jermyn Street.JPG Statue of Beau Brummell Jermyn Street

51°30′28″N 0°08′20″W / 51.5077°N 0.1389°W / 51.5077; -0.1389
2002 Sedlecká, IrenaIrena Sedlecká N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 5 November 2002 by Princess Michael of Kent. Sedlecká originally conceived the sculpture for the Bond Street site now occupied by Lawrence Holofcener's Allies.[227]
The National Police Memorial - - 1568965.jpg
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National Police Memorial The Mall, in front of the Admiralty Citadel

51°30′21″N 0°07′48″W / 51.5057°N 0.1301°W / 51.5057; -0.1301
2005 Arnoldi, PerPer Arnoldi Foster and Partners Memorial with stele N/A Unveiled 26 April 2005 by Elizabeth II. The memorial incorporates a ventilation shaft for the London Underground, faced with black granite and containing a Roll of Honour.[228]
Queen mother statue.jpg
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Statue of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother The Mall

51°30′18″N 0°08′01″W / 51.5051°N 0.1337°W / 51.5051; -0.1337
2009 Jackson, PhilipPhilip Jackson (statue)
Paul Day (reliefs)
Buttress, DonaldDonald Buttress, Donald Insall Memorial with statue and relief sculpture N/A Unveiled 24 February 2009 by Elizabeth II. Part of a joint memorial to the Queen Mother and her husband George VI, which incorporates William McMillan's 1955 statue of the latter. A cast of Jackson's statue is to be erected in Poundbury, Dorset.[229]
Keith Park statue, Waterloo Place.jpg
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Statue of Keith Park Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′57″W / 51.5067°N 0.1325°W / 51.5067; -0.1325
2010 Johnson, LesLes Johnson N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 15 September 2010, on the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Britain. Previously a larger, fibreglass version of the statue was displayed on the Fourth Plinth at Trafalgar Square for six months. It is now at the Royal Air Force Museum in Hendon.[230]
Palmerston portrait plaque, Pickering Place.jpg Relief of Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston Pickering Place ? ? N/A Relief N/A [231]

St John's Wood[edit]

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.


Soho is an area first developed in the 1670s which, since the construction of theatres along Shaftesbury Avenue in the 19th century, has had a strong association with the entertainment industry.[232] In the south of the district stands Leicester Square, the public sculpture of which has had an eventful history. From 1748 the square had as it centrepiece an equestrian figure of George I, but this deteriorated and was sold off at the beginning of the following century.[233] In 1874 the square was bought by Albert Grant, a company promoter and MP, who had its gardens made over to a design by James Knowles.[234] This saw the installation of the Shakespeare fountain and busts of four historical residents of the locale, positioned near the sites of their former homes.[233] A renovation of the square carried out between 2010 and 2012 was criticised for its removal of all of the sculptures on the square except for that of Shakespeare.[235]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Statue of Charles II, Soho Square.jpg
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Statue of Charles II Soho Square

51°30′55″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5154°N 0.1323°W / 51.5154; -0.1323
1681 Cibber, Caius GabrielCaius Gabriel Cibber N/A Statue Grade II Originally formed the crowning element of a fountain at the centre of Soho Square. In 1875 the badly weathered statue was moved to the garden of Grim's Dyke, Harrow Weald, later the home of W. S. Gilbert. It was returned to the square in 1938, according to the wishes of Gilbert's widow.[236]
George II statue 1.jpg
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Statue of George II Golden Square

51°30′42″N 0°08′14″W / 51.5116°N 0.1372°W / 51.5116; -0.1372
1720 Nost, JohnJohn Nost the Elder N/A Statue Grade II A statue of an allegorical figure in Roman costume, made for Cannons, the seat of the Duke of Chandos in Little Stanhope, Middlesex. An anonymous bidder bought the statue at the sale of the house's contents and erected it in Golden Square as "George II" on 14 March 1753.[237]
Statue Of William Shakespeare in Leicester Square.jpg
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Statue of William Shakespeare Leicester Square

51°30′37″N 0°07′48″W / 51.5104°N 0.1301°W / 51.5104; -0.1301
1874 Fontana, GiovanniGiovanni Fontana after Peter Scheemakers Knowles, JamesJames Knowles Fountain with statue Grade II Unveiled 3 July 1874. Based on William Kent and Scheemakers's memorial to Shakespeare in Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey. The scroll held by the figure of the Bard bears a quotation from Twelfth Night (Act 4, Scene 2): THERE IS NO DARKNESS BUT IGNORANCE[238]
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Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury
Piccadilly Circus

51°30′36″N 0°08′04″W / 51.5099°N 0.1345°W / 51.5099; -0.1345
1885–93 Gilbert, AlfredAlfred Gilbert Ince, HowardHoward Ince (consulted on design) Fountain with statue Grade I Unveiled 29 June 1893. Gilbert criticised contemporary statues for being too literal and inartistic, and chose instead to symbolise Lord Shaftesbury's philanthropy with an allegorical figure.[239] This was intended to represent Anteros or "The Angel of Christian Charity", but it became popularly identified with the Greek god's twin brother Eros.
Statue of Henry Irving, London.jpg
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Statue of Henry Irving Irving Street

51°30′35″N 0°07′42″W / 51.5097°N 0.1282°W / 51.5097; -0.1282
1910 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 5 December 1910. The street between the statue and the National Portrait Gallery, formerly Green Street, was renamed in the actor's honour in 1938. The formal gardens were laid out, with railings bearing the monogram HI, for the Festival of Britain in 1951; these were unveiled by Laurence Olivier.[240]
Tottenham Court Road stn Northern line mosaic.JPG
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Mosaics Tottenham Court Road station 1980–6 Paolozzi, EduardoEduardo Paolozzi N/A Glass mosaics N/A The mosaics on the Central line platforms are replete with references to the neighbourhood above ground, particularly its shops selling books, musical instruments and electronics, whereas those on the two Northern line platforms are abstract in design. The mosaics between the entrance and the platforms were the final part of the scheme to be completed.[241][242] 5% of the mosaics will be lost to construction work as the station is renovated for Crossrail.[243]
Statue of Charlie Chaplin, Leicester Place WC2.JPG
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Statue of Charlie Chaplin Leicester Place

51°30′41″N 0°07′49″W / 51.5114°N 0.1304°W / 51.5114; -0.1304
1981 Doubleday, JohnJohn Doubleday N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 16 April 1981 in Leicester Square, by Ralph Richardson. A slightly modified version was erected in Vevey, the Swiss town Chaplin made his home, the following year. In the square's refurbishment of 1989–92 the statue was moved from the south-western corner to a site north of the Shakespeare fountain,[244] and in that of 2010–12 it was removed altogether. It was installed on the current site in 2013.[245]
Stone lions on Gerrard Street, Chinatown, London (02).jpg
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Chinese lions Gerrard Street

51°30′42″N 0°07′52″W / 51.5118°N 0.1311°W / 51.5118; -0.1311
1985 ? N/A Sculptures N/A Unveiled 29 October 1985 by the Duke of Gloucester at the formal opening of Chinatown. A gift from the People's Republic of China.[246]
Noel Street mural.jpg Ode to the West Wind 17 Noel Street

51°30′53″N 0°08′13″W / 51.5148°N 0.137°W / 51.5148; -0.137
1989 Vines, LouiseLouise Vines and the London Wall Mural Group N/A Mural N/A Inspired by the eponymous poem of 1819 by Percy Bysshe Shelley, who lived around the corner in 15 Poland Street; the mutilated tree is also a reference to the Great Storm of 1987. Originally proposed in 1986 by the Soho Jazz Festival, who then abandoned the commission; it was subsequently taken up by The Soho Society.[247]
The Spirit of Soho - - 586869.jpg The Spirit of Soho Broadwick Street

51°30′46″N 0°08′18″W / 51.5127°N 0.1382°W / 51.5127; -0.1382
1991 FreeForm Arts Trust N/A Mural N/A Saint Anne, as patroness of Soho, is portrayed in a dress bearing a map of the district. At her feet are gathered several former residents, including Casanova and Marx. Six smaller scenes depict forms of work and leisure characteristic of the area. Restored in 2006.[248]
Swiss-UK relations Canton Tree.jpg
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Cantonal Tree Swiss Court, off Leicester Square

51°30′37″N 0°07′53″W / 51.5104°N 0.1314°W / 51.5104; -0.1314
1991 ? N/A Wooden post with shields of the Swiss cantons attached N/A Unveiled 15 April 1991, to mark the 700th anniversary of the founding of the Swiss Confederation. The street was also given its current name for that occasion.[249]
Daniel Buren motifs, Tottenham Court Road (16281599425).jpg Untitled motifs Tottenham Court Road station 2015 Buren, DanielDaniel Buren Hawkins\Brown and Acanthus Architects Decorative motifs N/A A pattern of alternating circle and diamond shapes, 2.4m in height and diameter.[250] The first phase of the redevelopment of the station, the entrance and ticket hall on Oxford Street, opened in January 2015.[251]


Victoria is roughly described as the area around Victoria station. It includes the conservation areas of Broadway and Christchurch Gardens, Grosvenor Gardens and the environs of Westminster Cathedral. Particularly noteworthy examples of architectural sculpture can be found at 55 Broadway, where in 1928–9 sculptors including Eric Gill and Henry Moore were engaged on representations of the Four Winds; two further figures, Night and Day, were carved by Jacob Epstein.[252] A great deal of public art by recent graduates of art schools in London was incorporated into Cardinal Place, a development of 2005.[253]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
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Statue of Sir Sydney Waterlow, 1st Baronet Westminster City School, Palace Street

51°29′52″N 0°08′21″W / 51.4978°N 0.1393°W / 51.4978; -0.1393
1901 Taubman, Frank MowbrayFrank Mowbray Taubman N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 27 June 1901. A replica of the statue in Waterlow Park, Highgate.[254]
Westminster Cathedral tympanum.jpg Christ in Majesty with the Virgin and Saints Joseph, Peter and Edward Westminster Cathedral

51°29′46″N 0°08′23″W / 51.4962°N 0.1398°W / 51.4962; -0.1398
1916 Bell, Robert AnningRobert Anning Bell Bentley, John FrancisJohn Francis Bentley Tympanum mosaic Grade I Based on a sketch by Bentley dated to 1895–6 and later worked up in colour by his assistant John Marshall,[255] Bell's mosaic was criticised for its background of white tiles instead of the traditional gold.[256]
The Rifle Brigade Memorial, Grosvenor Gardens, Westminster.jpg Rifle Brigade Memorial Grosvenor Gardens

51°29′53″N 0°08′49″W / 51.498°N 0.147°W / 51.498; -0.147
1924–5 Tweed, JohnJohn Tweed N/A Memorial with sculpture Grade II Unveiled 25 July 1925. The rifleman in contemporary uniform in the centre is flanked by an officer (on the left) and a private in early 19th century uniform.[257]
Ferdinand Foch statue (Victoria, London).jpg Statue of Ferdinand Foch Grosvenor Gardens

51°29′47″N 0°08′43″W / 51.4964°N 0.1453°W / 51.4964; -0.1453
1930 Malissard, GeorgesGeorges Malissard Lebret, F.F. Lebret Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 5 June 1930.[258] A replica of a statue erected outside Marshal Foch's headquarters in Cassel.[259] The choice of an existing work by a French sculptor caused some dissatisfaction. The site was chosen so that the statue would be seen by French visitors arriving in London at Victoria station.[260]
Blue cameo of Queen Victoria on pink background by Edward Bawden. - - 614599.jpg Cameo of Queen Victoria Victoria station, Victoria line platforms 1968 Bawden, EdwardEdward Bawden after Benjamin Pearce N/A Tiled pattern N/A Bawden produced an original linocut of the Queen's profile for this scheme but it was rejected;[261] the final design is based on a silhouette by Pearce.[103]
Suffragette Memorial, Christchurch Gardens, London.jpg
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Suffragette Memorial Christchurch Gardens

51°29′54″N 0°08′05″W / 51.4982°N 0.1348°W / 51.4982; -0.1348
1970 Lorne and Edwin Russell Paget, Paul EdwardPaul Edward Paget Sculpture N/A Unveiled 14 July 1970. A bronze scroll in the shape of the letter S balancing on a conical pedestal. Part of the inscription notes that NEARBY CAXTON HALL WAS/ HISTORICALLY ASSOCIATED/ WITH WOMEN'S SUFFRAGE/ MEETINGS & DEPUTATIONS/ TO PARLIAMENT.[262]
Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks - - 351928.jpg
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Statue of Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis Outside the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, Birdcage Walk

51°30′02″N 0°08′09″W / 51.5005°N 0.1358°W / 51.5005; -0.1358
1985 Butler, JamesJames Butler N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 9 May 1985 by the Queen Mother. Alexander had a particular affection for the old Guards Chapel (almost completely destroyed by bombing in 1944), having spent much time there as a subaltern.[263]
111 Buckingham Palace Road.JPG Gates 111 Buckingham Palace Road

51°29′43″N 0°08′45″W / 51.4952°N 0.1457°W / 51.4952; -0.1457
1986 Lund, GiuseppeGiuseppe Lund N/A Gates N/A Gates of jagged aluminium.[264]
Chalice, 123 Buckingham Palace Road SW1.jpg Chalice 123 Buckingham Palace Road

51°29′35″N 0°08′47″W / 51.4931°N 0.1465°W / 51.4931; -0.1465
1991 Pye, WilliamWilliam Pye N/A Fountain N/A Unveiled 24 June 1991 by Lord St John of Fawsley (according to the pavement plaque). A stainless steel basin, its circumference bounded by cables suspended from above which define a cylindrical shape in the air. The idea was suggested to the sculptor by the hanging lamps in the Sultan Hassan Mosque in Cairo.[265]
The Flowering of the English Baroque, Henry Purcell, London.JPG
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The Flowering of the English Baroque
Henry Purcell
Christchurch Gardens

51°29′53″N 0°08′03″W / 51.498°N 0.1342°W / 51.498; -0.1342
1995 Williams, GlynnGlynn Williams N/A Sculpture N/A Unveiled 22 November 1995, the tercentenary of Purcell's death, by Princess Margaret. The sculptor described the design as "a rising explosion of activity, a tree to the musical evolution of the 17th century". This was the first major sculptural commission by Westminster City Council.[266]
Public art Victoria.jpg Big Painting Sculpture Cardinal Place

51°29′52″N 0°08′30″W / 51.4977°N 0.1418°W / 51.4977; -0.1418
1996–8 Heron, PatrickPatrick Heron Feary, JulianJulian Feary Sculpture N/A Commissioned when the complex was still known as Stag Place. Based on several gouache studies by Heron of brightly coloured floating shapes connected by linear patterns. Neon tubes light up the work at night.[267]
Lioness and Lesser Kudu, Westminster - - 1464485.jpg
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Lioness and Lesser Kudu Grosvenor Gardens

51°29′52″N 0°08′50″W / 51.4979°N 0.1473°W / 51.4979; -0.1473
1998 Kenworthy, JonathanJonathan Kenworthy N/A Sculptural group N/A Installed on this site in 2000; another cast already stood in the grounds of Eaton Hall, the Duke of Westminster's estate in Cheshire.[268]
Sculpture outside 21 Palmer Street, London.jpg Cypher Outside the Asticus Building, 21 Palmer Street

51°29′56″N 0°08′07″W / 51.499°N 0.1352°W / 51.499; -0.1352
2003 Morgan, TimTim Morgan N/A Sculpture N/A The sculpture, commissioned by the Cass Sculpture Foundation, consists of thousands of glass rods bound together within a circular steel belt.[269]
Glass Sculpture Cardinal Place - - 1215266.jpg Stacked Glass Sculpture Cardinal Place

51°29′51″N 0°08′28″W / 51.4975°N 0.1411°W / 51.4975; -0.1411
2005 Burke, TonyTony Burke Jane Wernick Associates (engineer) Sculpture N/A The work comprises one twisting wall of stacked green glass and another curving; these are set on a cylindrical plinth.[270]
Cathedral Walk, Cardinal Place, from above - - 1293972.jpg Route Cardinal Place

51°29′49″N 0°08′26″W / 51.497°N 0.1406°W / 51.497; -0.1406
2005 Gerrard, JoyJoy Gerrard N/A Panels set in pavement N/A Nine discs of varying sizes set in the pavement of the Cardinal Place development at various points in a pedestrian's route; they are inlaid with smaller coloured discs.[271]
LP4, Cardinal Place SW1.jpg LP4 Cardinal Place

51°29′52″N 0°08′29″W / 51.4978°N 0.1415°W / 51.4978; -0.1415
2005 Rackowe, NathanielNathaniel Rackowe N/A Kinetic sculpture N/A Two slabs of oblong welded steel panels (with a gap at the top of the grid forming a "machiolation") hold in place a thin cathode light tube; the whole structure is set into a rotating turntable flush with the pavement.[272]
Statue of Queen Victoria, Victoria Square SW1.jpg Statue of Queen Victoria Victoria Square

51°29′52″N 0°08′42″W / 51.4977°N 0.1449°W / 51.4977; -0.1449
2008 Laugel, Catherine AnneCatherine Anne Laugel N/A Statue N/A Victoria is depicted as a young woman of 20, the age she would have been when construction on the square began.[273]
Back-lit fused glass boxes InterContinental London Westminster hotel, Broadway

51°29′58″N 0°07′59″W / 51.4994°N 0.133°W / 51.4994; -0.133
2012 Moor, AndrewAndrew Moor Associates Dexter Moren Associates Back-lit fused glass boxes N/A [274]
Memorial to Victims of Violence, Christchurch Gardens SW1.JPG Memorial to Victims of Violence Christchurch Gardens

51°29′54″N 0°08′02″W / 51.4982°N 0.134°W / 51.4982; -0.134
2013 (unveiled) Martins, JimJim Martins N/A Commemorative stone with plaque N/A Unveiled 5 June 2013.[275][276]
Wind Sculpture by Yinka Shonibare.JPG Wind Sculpture Howick Place

51°29′48″N 0°08′14″W / 51.4968°N 0.1371°W / 51.4968; -0.1371
2014 Shonibare, YinkaYinka Shonibare N/A Sculpture N/A Unveiled 7 April 2014. The work simulates a piece of batik fabric (a signature material for Shonibare) billowing in the wind.[277]
Flanders Field Memorial Garden London 10.jpg
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Flanders Fields 1914–2014 Outside the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, Birdcage Walk 2014 N/A Blanckaert, PietPiet Blanckaert Memorial N/A The memorial garden, a gift from Belgium, was opened on 6 November 2014 by Elizabeth II; the Belgian king Philippe was also present.[278] A low circular wall, within which is planted soil from the war cemeteries of Flanders, is inscribed with the poem "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae.[279]

Victoria Embankment[edit]

The Victoria Embankment is a road and river-walk on the north bank of the River Thames, formed from land reclaimed during the construction of Joseph Bazalgette's sewerage system in the late 19th century.[280] From 1864 a sequence of public gardens called the Victoria Embankment Gardens was created from this land. Running from north-east to south-west these are called Temple Gardens, the Main Garden, the Whitehall Garden and finally the Ministry of Defence section; the last of these was laid out in 1939–59.[281] All four gardens contain works of commemorative sculpture and more memorials are on the river-walk or road itself, making the Embankment one of the principal sites for commemoration in London. Some of these memorials lie outside the borough's boundaries, in the City of London.[282]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
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Cleopatra's Needle
Thutmose III and Ramesses II
Adelphi Steps, near Hungerford Bridge

51°30′31″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5085°N 0.1203°W / 51.5085; -0.1203
1450 BCc. 1450 BC N/A Vulliamy, George JohnGeorge John Vulliamy Obelisk Grade I One of a pair of obelisks erected in Heliopolis by Thutmose III; two centuries later the inscriptions to Ramesses II were added and in 12 BC they were moved to Alexandria. Presented to Britain in 1819, but not brought to London until 1878. Its companion was re-erected in Central Park, New York, in 1881.[283]
Boudica and Her Daughters - - 440656.jpg
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Boadicea and Her Daughters
Near Westminster Pier

51°30′04″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5011°N 0.1238°W / 51.5011; -0.1238
1856–83 Thornycroft, ThomasThomas Thornycroft and William Hamo Thornycroft Jackson, Thomas GrahamThomas Graham Jackson Sculptural group Grade II The elder Thornycroft's magnum opus, brought to completion by his son. The style of the figures was out of fashion by the time the group was installed here in 1902.[284]

Isambard Kingdom Brunel - Bronze - Temple - London.jpg
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Statue of Isambard Kingdom Brunel Near Temple tube station

51°30′39″N 0°06′55″W / 51.5108°N 0.1152°W / 51.5108; -0.1152
1861c. 1861 Marochetti, CarloCarlo Marochetti Shaw, Richard NormanRichard Norman Shaw Statue Grade II Erected 1877. This and Marochetti's statue of George Stephenson outside Euston station were originally planned for Parliament Square. Shaw's masonry screen, then a complete novelty but much imitated since, may have been intended to block the tube station from view.[285]
Lion with a mooring ring.jpg Lions' heads with mooring rings Victoria Embankment, at intervals beneath lamps on the river side of the river wall 1868–70 Butler, TimothyTimothy Butler Joseph Bazalgette and George John Vulliamy Lion's head masks Grade II The bronze masks with mooring rings were the earliest elements in the Embankment's decorative programme to be installed.[286] For the tide to rise of the level of the lions' mouths would be a sign of severe flooding, so a saying has arisen, "if the lions drink, London will sink".[287]
Lamp standard, Hungerford Bridge - - 1030576.jpg
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Dolphin lamp standards Victoria Embankment 1870 onwards Mabey, Charles HenryCharles Henry Mabey Vulliamy, George JohnGeorge John Vulliamy Lamp standards with sculptural elements Grade II [288]
Statue of James Outram, Victoria Embankment Gardens.jpg
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Statue of Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′21″N 0°07′24″W / 51.5057°N 0.1234°W / 51.5057; -0.1234
1871 Noble, MatthewMatthew Noble N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 17 August 1871 by Lord Halifax. Permission for a statue to Outram in Trafalgar Square had been refused in 1861. Trophies of arms representing his Indian campaigns rest on the corners of the pedestal.[289]
Sphinx bench by Cleopatra's Needle detail 2 London.jpg
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Benches Victoria Embankment

51°30′33″N 0°07′09″W / 51.5093°N 0.1192°W / 51.5093; -0.1192
1872–4 Lewis and George John Vulliamy N/A Benches Grade II 21 cast iron and timber benches set along the Embankment, all to a design depicting winged sphinxes in their terminal arm-brackets, except for that opposite the junction with Horseguards Avenue, which depicts seated camels instead.[290]
John Stuart Mill statue, Temple Gardens, London.jpg
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Statue of John Stuart Mill Victoria Embankment Gardens, Temple Gardens

51°30′40″N 0°06′48″W / 51.5112°N 0.1132°W / 51.5112; -0.1132
1878 Woolner, ThomasThomas Woolner N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 26 January 1878.[291] The first statue specifically designed for a site on the Embankment.[292]
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Two sphinxes Cleopatra's Needle

51°30′31″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5086°N 0.1202°W / 51.5086; -0.1202
1878 Mabey, Charles HenryCharles Henry Mabey Vulliamy, George JohnGeorge John Vulliamy Statues Grade I Modelled on a sphinx from the time of Thutmose III in the Duke of Northumberland's collection at Alnwick Castle.[293]
Robert Raikes Statue, Victoria Embankment Gardens - London.jpg
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Statue of Robert Raikes Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′34″N 0°07′11″W / 51.5095°N 0.1197°W / 51.5095; -0.1197
1880 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 3 July 1880 by the Earl of Shaftesbury. Replicas were made in 1929 for the 150th anniversary of the first Sunday school, established by Raikes in Gloucester; they stand in that city and in Toronto.[294]
William Tyndale statue, Victoria Embankment Gardens - left side.jpg
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Statue of William Tyndale Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′23″N 0°07′23″W / 51.5063°N 0.1231°W / 51.5063; -0.1231
1884 Boehm, Joseph EdgarJoseph Edgar Boehm Godwin, Edward WilliamEdward William Godwin Statue Grade II Unveiled 7 May 1884. Erected by the British and Foreign Bible Society to commemorate their 80th anniversary, and the supposed 400th anniversary of Tyndale's birth.[295]
Robert Burns in Victoria Embankment Gardens.jpg
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Statue of Robert Burns Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′32″N 0°07′16″W / 51.5089°N 0.121°W / 51.5089; -0.121
1884 Steell, JohnJohn Steell N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 26 July 1884 by Lord Rosebery. A variation on Steell's 1880 statue of Burns in Central Park, New York; other versions are in Dundee (erected 1880) and Dunedin, New Zealand (erected 1887).[296]
Henry Fawcett, Victoria Embankment, London (cropped).jpg
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Memorial to Henry Fawcett Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′33″N 0°07′14″W / 51.5091°N 0.1205°W / 51.5091; -0.1205
1886 Grant, MaryMary Grant and George Frampton Champneys, BasilBasil Champneys Drinking fountain with plaque Grade II Unveiled 27 July 1886. Grant produced the portrait relief and Frampton, then at an early stage in his career, provided the ornamental sculpture. The erroneous "signature" reads MARY GRANT SC/ 1896; this was added in 1897.[297]
Statue of Sir Henry Bartle Frere, 1st Baronet.jpg
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Statue of Sir Henry Bartle Frere, 1st Baronet Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′18″N 0°07′25″W / 51.5051°N 0.1236°W / 51.5051; -0.1236
1887 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 5 June 1888 by the Prince of Wales (the future Edward VII). Frere is represented in privy counsellor's uniform, with the robe and collar of a Knight Grand Commander of the Star of India and the insignia of the Order of the Bath.[298]

General Charles George Gordon statue, Embankment, London.jpg
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Statue of Charles George Gordon Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

51°30′16″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5045°N 0.1238°W / 51.5045; -0.1238
1888 Thornycroft, William HamoWilliam Hamo Thornycroft Waterhouse, AlfredAlfred Waterhouse Statue Grade II Unveiled 16 October 1888 in Trafalgar Square. The pedestal was inspired by that of Le Sueur's Charles I near that location. Removed in 1943 for the temporary display of a Lancaster bomber and re-erected on this site in 1953. A cast of 1889 is in Melbourne.[299]
William Edward Forster statue, Victoria Embankment.jpg Statue of William Edward Forster Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′41″N 0°06′44″W / 51.5113°N 0.1123°W / 51.5113; -0.1123
1889 Pinker, Henry Richard HopeHenry Richard Hope Pinker N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 1 August 1890. Erected outside the (now demolished) London School Board offices.[300] School boards in England and Wales had been created under "Forster's Education Act" of 1870.[301]
Joseph Bazalgette memorial, Victoria Embankment - close up view.jpg
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Memorial to Joseph Bazalgette Near Embankment Pier, facing Northumberland Avenue

51°30′23″N 0°07′20″W / 51.5064°N 0.1223°W / 51.5064; -0.1223
1901 Simonds, George BlackallGeorge Blackall Simonds N/A Plaque with bust Grade II Unveiled 6 November 1901.[302] Inscribed FLVMINI VINCVLA POSVIT ("he put the river in chains"), referring to Bazalgette's construction of London's sewers, which also resulted in the creation of the Embankment.[303]
Arthur Sullivan memorial, Victoria Embankment Gardens.jpg
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Memorial to Arthur Sullivan Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′33″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5093°N 0.1203°W / 51.5093; -0.1203
1902 John, William GoscombeWilliam Goscombe John N/A Bust on pedestal with other sculpture Grade II Unveiled 10 July 1903 by Princess Louise. Inscribed with a quotation from Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera The Yeomen of the Guard (1888), IS LIFE A BOON?/ IF SO, IT MUST BEFALL/ THAT DEATH, WHENE'ER HE CALL/ MUST CALL TOO SOON.[304]
Walter Besant plaque, Victoria Embankment, London (cropped).jpg
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Memorial to Walter Besant Near Savoy Place

51°30′35″N 0°07′07″W / 51.5096°N 0.1185°W / 51.5096; -0.1185
1902 Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton N/A Plaque Grade II Erected 1904. A cast of an identical monument in the crypt of St Paul's Cathedral, unveiled in 1903.[305]
Norman Shaw Buildings (New Scotland Yard) 2012 03.jpg Gates Norman Shaw Buildings, Derby Gate

51°30′07″N 0°07′27″W / 51.502°N 0.1243°W / 51.502; -0.1243
1904 (erected) Blomfield, ReginaldReginald Blomfield (designer of gates) Shaw, Richard NormanRichard Norman Shaw Gates Grade II* These ornate wrought-iron gates were acquired by Shaw after he saw them displayed in an exhibition of Arts and Crafts; they were installed here during the construction of his second building for the New Scotland Yard, now known as the Norman Shaw South Building.[306]
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Statue of Sir Wilfrid Lawson, 2nd Baronet, of Brayton Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′31″N 0°07′18″W / 51.5085°N 0.1218°W / 51.5085; -0.1218
1909 McGill, DavidDavid McGill N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 20 July 1909 by H. H. Asquith. The pedestal was originally decorated with bronze statuettes representing Temperance, Charity, Fortitude and Peace; these were stolen in 1979.[307]
Memorial to William Stead, Victoria Embankment.jpg Memorial to William Thomas Stead Temple Pier

51°30′39″N 0°06′45″W / 51.5108°N 0.1126°W / 51.5108; -0.1126
1913 Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton N/A Plaque Grade II Unveiled 5 July 1920. Portrait relief with two small figures of Fortitude and Sympathy. A replica was unveiled in Central Park, New York, in 1921.[308]
Norman Shaw plaque (cropped).JPG Memorial to Richard Norman Shaw Norman Shaw North Building

51°30′08″N 0°07′27″W / 51.5022°N 0.1242°W / 51.5022; -0.1242
1914 Thornycroft, William HamoWilliam Hamo Thornycroft Lethaby, WilliamWilliam Lethaby Plaque Grade I (building) Unveiled 13 July 1914. Lethaby commended Thornycroft on his posthumous likeness of Shaw: "You must have remembered much, the curled over lip and the serious smiling, saucy look are so alike..." The building is generally regarded as Shaw's masterpiece.[309]
Memorial to WS Gilbert v4.jpg
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Memorial to W. S. Gilbert Near Embankment Pier

51°30′26″N 0°07′18″W / 51.5072°N 0.1216°W / 51.5072; -0.1216
1914 Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton N/A Plaque Grade II Unveiled 31 August 1915. Portrait relief with figures of Tragedy and Comedy; the latter contemplates a doll dressed as the Mikado. Anthony Hope, who was on the memorial committee, took credit for the epitaph HIS FOE WAS FOLLY/ AND HIS WEAPON WIT, though the exact phrasing was not his.[310]
Belgium monument Embankment London.jpg
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Anglo-Belgian Memorial Victoria Embankment, facing Cleopatra's Needle

51°30′31″N 0°07′15″W / 51.5087°N 0.1208°W / 51.5087; -0.1208
1920 Rousseau, VictorVictor Rousseau with a Mr Francis Blomfield, ReginaldReginald Blomfield Screen with sculptural group and reliefs Grade II* Unveiled 12 October 1920. A gift from Belgium to thank Britain for her assistance in the First World War. Rousseau modelled the central bronze group and Francis, a student at the Royal College of Art, was tasked with the initial carving of the stone elements, which was finished by Rousseau.[311] A corresponding memorial is in Brussels.
Camel Corps Memorial, Victoria Embankment Gardens - front view.jpg
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Imperial Camel Corps Memorial Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′30″N 0°07′18″W / 51.5084°N 0.1216°W / 51.5084; -0.1216
1920 Brown, CecilCecil Brown N/A Statue on pedestal with reliefs Grade II Unveiled 22 July 1921. Major Cecil Brown, the sculptor, was himself a member of the Corps.[312]
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Royal Air Force Memorial Whitehall Steps

51°30′14″N 0°07′23″W / 51.504°N 0.1231°W / 51.504; -0.1231
1923 Dick, William ReidWilliam Reid Dick Blomfield, ReginaldReginald Blomfield Pylon with sculpture Grade II Unveiled 13 July 1923 by the Prince of Wales (the future Edward VIII). A pylon of Portland stone surmounted by a gilded eagle, perched on a globe. Commemorates RAF personnel killed in both world wars.[313]
Memorial to Samuel Plimsoll, Victoria Embankment.jpg
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Memorial to Samuel Plimsoll Victoria Embankment

51°30′19″N 0°07′24″W / 51.5053°N 0.1232°W / 51.5053; -0.1232
1929 Blundstone, Ferdinand VictorFerdinand Victor Blundstone N/A Bust on pedestal with other sculpture Grade II Unveiled 21 August 1929. The plinth is flanked by bronze figures of a sailor and Justice. The Plimsoll line is used as a motif on the railings on either side.[314]
Lord Cheylesmore memorial, Victoria Embankment Gardens.jpg
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Memorial to Herbert Eaton, 3rd Baron Cheylesmore Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′32″N 0°07′15″W / 51.5088°N 0.1209°W / 51.5088; -0.1209
1930 N/A Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Screen Grade II Unveiled 17 July 1930. Reginald Blomfield, the architect of the Anglo-Belgian Memorial, objected to Lutyens's work being "plastered onto the back" of his own.[315]
Memorial to George V, Victoria Embankment.jpg King's Reach Memorial Temple Pier

51°30′39″N 0°06′42″W / 51.5109°N 0.1118°W / 51.5109; -0.1118
1936 Doman, CharlesCharles Doman Cooper, EdwinEdwin Cooper Stele with plaque and sculpture N/A Unveiled 20 January 1936. Commemorates the naming of this stretch of the river after George V.[316]
Trenchard's statue on the Embankment, London.jpg
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Statue of Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

51°30′13″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5035°N 0.124°W / 51.5035; -0.124
1961 McMillan, WilliamWilliam McMillan Richardson, AlbertAlbert Richardson Statue Grade II Unveiled 19 July 1961 by Harold Macmillan. Richardson was an old friend of Trenchard's and offered to design the pedestal free of charge.[317]
Lord Portal's statue on the Embankment 2.jpg
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Statue of Charles Portal, 1st Viscount Portal of Hungerford Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

51°30′15″N 0°07′25″W / 51.5042°N 0.1237°W / 51.5042; -0.1237
1975 Nemon, OscarOscar Nemon N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 21 May 1975 by Harold Macmillan. The statue is set on a triangular slate pedestal, partly intended to evoke the shape of an aerofoil. Portal gazes upwards in the direction of the RAF Memorial.[318]
Embankment station Northern motif.JPG Murals Embankment tube station, all platforms 1985 Denny, RobynRobyn Denny Arup Associates Murals N/A This scheme won a Brunel Award for outstanding visual design in 1989.[319]
Savoy Hotel Centenary Memorial.JPG Savoy Hotel Centenary Memorial

Richard D'Oyly Carte and other chairmen and managing directors of the Savoy Hotel up to 1989

Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′34″N 0°07′12″W / 51.5095°N 0.1199°W / 51.5095; -0.1199
1989 Daniel, ChristopherChristopher Daniel Casson, HughHugh Casson Armillary sphere and cistern N/A Inaugurated 30 March 1989. The inscriptions on the armilla include the hotel's motto ('FOR EXCELLENCE WE STRIVE') and lines from Gilbert and Sullivan's Savoy opera, Ruddigore (1887): 'EVERY SEASON HAS ITS CHEER'/ 'LIFE IS LOVELY ALL THE YEAR'.[320]
Michael Faraday - - 757190.jpg Statue of Michael Faraday Savoy Place

51°30′36″N 0°07′08″W / 51.5099°N 0.1189°W / 51.5099; -0.1189
1989 Foley, John HenryJohn Henry Foley and Thomas Brock N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 1 November 1989. Cast of an 1874 marble sculpture in the Royal Institution, completed by Brock after Foley's death. The original gilding has worn away entirely.[321]
Chindit Memorial, London.jpg
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Chindit Memorial Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′12″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5033°N 0.124°W / 51.5033; -0.124
1990 Forster, FrankFrank Forster Price, DavidDavid Price Statue N/A Unveiled 16 October 1990. Crowned with a bronze Chinthe or Burmese temple guardian, the Chindits' namesake. Medallions to the front and rear reproduce the force's badge and the portrait of their founder Orde Wingate.[322]
Fountain Victoria Embankment.jpg
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Lady Henry Somerset Memorial Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′40″N 0°06′45″W / 51.5112°N 0.1125°W / 51.5112; -0.1125
1991 Davis, Philomena DavidsonPhilomena Davidson Davis after George Edward Wade N/A Drinking fountain with statue Grade II Unveiled 29 May 1897. Wade's original sculpture for the temperance campaigner's memorial was stolen in 1971; it was replaced by Davis's replica only in 1991.[323]
Fleet Air Arm Memorial, Westminster.jpg
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Fleet Air Arm Memorial (Daedalus)
Royal Naval Air Service and Fleet Air Arm
Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

51°30′14″N 0°07′26″W / 51.504°N 0.124°W / 51.504; -0.124
2000 Butler, JamesJames Butler Trehearne and Norman Statue N/A Unveiled 1 June 2000 by the Prince of Wales. The figure of Daedalus as a modern pilot reflects on his fallen comrades. He stands atop a column which rises out of a plinth reminiscent of the prow of a ship.[324]
Part Of Battle Of Britain Memorial.jpg
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Battle of Britain Monument Victoria Embankment, near Richmond Terrace

51°30′11″N 0°07′24″W / 51.503°N 0.1234°W / 51.503; -0.1234
2005 Day, PaulPaul Day Dyson, TonyTony Dyson Memorial with sculpture N/A Unveiled 18 September 2005 by the Prince of Wales. Adapted from a Victorian granite plinth which originally housed a ventilator for the Underground.[325]
Korean War Memorial, London 2014-12-19 - 21.jpg
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Korean War Memorial Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden 2014 Jackson, PhilipPhilip Jackson N/A Memorial with statue N/A Unveiled 3 December 2014. A statue of a British soldier stands in front of a Portland stone obelisk on a base of Welsh slate. The memorial is a gift of the Republic of Korea.[326]


Westminster, which gives the borough its name, lies to the south-west of Charing Cross; it is the location of Westminster Abbey and the Palace of Westminster, which together with St Margaret's parish church comprise a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[327] The area's main sculptural showcase is Parliament Square, conceived in the 1860s to improve the setting of the rebuilt Houses of Parliament, to ease traffic flow and as a site for commemorating politicians of note.[328] Carlo Marochetti's statues of the engineers Robert Stephenson and Isambard Kingdom Brunel were initially considered for the square but were rejected as not fitting in with the political theme; they were ultimately erected outside Euston station and on the Victoria Embankment.[329] The present configuration of the square is a result of George Grey Wornum's refurbishment of 1949–50, though three statues of twentieth-century figures have since been added.[330] Another two political memorials (one of which, the Buxton Memorial Fountain, was moved by Wornum from Parliament Square) and The Burghers of Calais, a work on an historical theme by Auguste Rodin, are to be found in Victoria Tower Gardens.

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Weather-worn statue at Westminster Abbey.jpg St Peter, St Paul, Faith and Hope College Garden, Westminster Abbey 1686 Gibbons, GrinlingGrinling Gibbons and Artus Quellinus III N/A Statues N/A Four marble statues from the altarpiece of the Catholic chapel at the Palace of Whitehall, commissioned by James II and designed by Christopher Wren. The altarpiece was dismantled after the Whitehall Palace fire of 1695. These fragments are in very poor condition.[331]
Statue of George Canning, Parliament Square, London.jpg
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Statue of George Canning Parliament Square

51°30′04″N 0°07′40″W / 51.501°N 0.1277°W / 51.501; -0.1277
1832 Westmacott, RichardRichard Westmacott N/A Statue Grade II Erected 2 May 1832 in New Palace Yard; in its current location since 1949. The features are based on the portrait bust of Canning by Francis Leggatt Chantrey, who was "not at all pleased with the preference shewn to Mr. Westmacott".[332]

Richard the first.jpg
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Richard Coeur de Lion
Richard I
Old Palace Yard

51°29′57″N 0°07′32″W / 51.4991°N 0.1256°W / 51.4991; -0.1256
1856 Marochetti, CarloCarlo Marochetti N/A Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 26 October 1860. Casting of a clay model exhibited at the 1851 Great Exhibition to much acclaim; John Ruskin considered it to be "the only really interesting piece of historical sculpture we have".[333]
Westminster Scholars War Memorial - viewed from the dome on Methodist Central Hall.jpg
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Westminster Scholars War Memorial Broad Sanctuary

51°29′58″N 0°07′45″W / 51.4995°N 0.1292°W / 51.4995; -0.1292
1861 Clayton, J. R.J. R. Clayton and Philip, John BirnieJohn Birnie Philip Scott, George GilbertGeorge Gilbert Scott Column with sculpture Grade II Commemorates Lord Raglan and other ex-pupils of Westminster School who died in the Crimean War[334] and the Indian Mutiny. Sculptures represent Saint George and the Dragon, Edward the Confessor and Henry III (builders of Westminster Abbey), Elizabeth I (second founder of the school) and Queen Victoria.[335]
Buxton Memorial 50577.jpg
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Buxton Memorial Fountain

Inscribed to Buxton, Wilberforce, Clarkson, Macaulay, Brougham, Lushington, et al.

Victoria Tower Gardens

51°29′46″N 0°07′29″W / 51.4961°N 0.1248°W / 51.4961; -0.1248
1865–6 Earp, ThomasThomas Earp (figures now lost) Teulon, Samuel SandersSamuel Sanders Teulon with Charles Buxton Drinking fountain Grade II* Erected in Parliament Square in 1865–6. Commissioned by Charles Buxton as a memorial to his father Sir Thomas Buxton and his colleagues in the Abolitionist movement, particularly those associated with the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833. Removed in 1949 and re-erected on this site in 1957.[336]
Earl of Derby statue.jpg
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Statue of Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5008°N 0.1273°W / 51.5008; -0.1273
1874 Noble, MatthewMatthew Noble N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 11 July 1874. Derby is represented wearing his robes as Chancellor of Oxford University. The bronze reliefs around the pedestal depicting scenes from his life were executed by Noble's assistant, Horace Montford.[337]
Palmerston statue Parliament Square.jpg
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Statue of Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5009°N 0.1271°W / 51.5009; -0.1271
1876 Woolner, ThomasThomas Woolner N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 2 February 1876. Palmerston is portrayed in middle age, before he became Prime Minister. The pedestal departs from the "Gothic" model of the nearby statues of Derby and Peel.[338]
Peel statue Parliament Square.jpg
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Statue of Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet Parliament Square

51°30′02″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5005°N 0.1273°W / 51.5005; -0.1273
1877 (unveiled) Noble, MatthewMatthew Noble N/A Statue Grade II Initially a statue of Peel was commissioned from Carlo Marochetti. This was ready by 1853 but was considered to be far too large. Marochetti produced a smaller work which was placed at the entrance to New Palace Yard; this was removed in 1868 and melted down in 1874.[339]
Benjamin Disraeli monument.JPG
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Statue of Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield Parliament Square

51°30′02″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5006°N 0.1273°W / 51.5006; -0.1273
1883 Raggi, MarioMario Raggi N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 19 April 1883. The statue was the "shrine" of the Primrose League, a conservative association established in Disraeli's memory, who left wreaths in front of it every year on "Primrose Day", the anniversary of his death.[340]
Burghers of Calais London 50593.jpg
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The Burghers of Calais Victoria Tower Gardens

51°29′51″N 0°07′30″W / 51.4975°N 0.1249°W / 51.4975; -0.1249
1884–9 Rodin, AugusteAuguste Rodin Gill, EricEric Gill (lettering) Sculptural group Grade I Unveiled 19 July 1915. The National Art Collections Fund bought the cast in 1910. Rodin wanted the work situated "near the statue of William the Conqueror" (sic) but eventually agreed on a site in Victoria Tower Gardens.[341] Relocated and given its current pedestal in 2004.[342]
Oliver Cromwell statue Parliament Square.jpg
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Statue of Oliver Cromwell New Palace Yard

51°30′00″N 0°07′33″W / 51.4999°N 0.1259°W / 51.4999; -0.1259
1899 Thornycroft, William HamoWilliam Hamo Thornycroft N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 18 November 1899.[343] The decision to erect a statue to Cromwell was controversial; the Irish Nationalist Party forced the withdrawal of public funds to pay for the statue. Instead an anonymous donor, rumoured to be Lord Rosebery, paid for the work.[344]
War Memorial outside St Johns Smith Square - - 1182066.jpg War memorial Churchyard of St John's, Smith Square, facing Dean Stanley Street

51°29′46″N 0°07′36″W / 51.496°N 0.1268°W / 51.496; -0.1268
after 1918 ? N/A Cross N/A Commemorates the 120 parishioners of the church who died in World War I.[345]

Abraham lincoln memorial london 20050523.jpg
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Statue of Abraham Lincoln Parliament Square

51°30′02″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5006°N 0.1278°W / 51.5006; -0.1278
1920 (unveiled) Saint-Gaudens, AugustusAugustus Saint-Gaudens McKim, Mead & White Statue Grade II Unveiled July 1920. A replica of the statue of Lincoln in Lincoln Park, Chicago. Initially the statue was to be erected in 1914, but this was postponed until 1917. By that time some favoured an alternative statue by George Grey Barnard; this was eventually erected in Manchester.[346]
Victoria Tower Gardens, Nanny goat and kid sculpture (left).JPG Drinking fountain with two groups of a nanny goat and kid Victoria Tower Gardens

51°29′42″N 0°07′30″W / 51.4951°N 0.1249°W / 51.4951; -0.1249
1923 Miss Harris assisted by Charles Sargeant Jagger N/A Drinking fountain with sculptural groups N/A Given by Henry Gage Spicer, the director of a paper firm, for the poor children of the area who used the Gardens as a playground. The extent of "Miss Harris's" involvement in the art deco sculptures is questionable.[347]
Emmeline Pankhurst statue on podium Victoria Tower Gardens.jpg
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Memorial to Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst Victoria Tower Gardens

51°29′52″N 0°07′31″W / 51.4979°N 0.1253°W / 51.4979; -0.1253
1930 Walker, Arthur GeorgeArthur George Walker Baker, HerbertHerbert Baker Statue with side screens and piers Grade II The statue of Emmeline Pankhurst unveiled 6 March 1930 by Stanley Baldwin and moved to its present site in 1956. The stone screens were added in 1959 as a memorial to her daughter. Two bronze plaques show, on the right, a portrait medallion of Christabel Pankhurst and, on the left, the design on the WSPU prisoners' badge.[348]
Westminster king george v statue 1.jpg
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Statue of George V Old Palace Yard

51°29′56″N 0°07′35″W / 51.499°N 0.1263°W / 51.499; -0.1263
1947 (unveiled) Dick, William ReidWilliam Reid Dick Scott, Giles GilbertGiles Gilbert Scott Statue Grade II Unveiled 22 October 1947 by George VI. Completion of the statue was delayed by the outbreak of the Second World War; the statue was stored at the quarry in Portland for the duration of the conflict.[349]
Jan Christian Smuts (9177337292).jpg
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Statue of Jan Smuts Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′37″W / 51.5009°N 0.1269°W / 51.5009; -0.1269
1956 Epstein, JacobJacob Epstein possibly Charles Holden Statue Grade II Unveiled 7 November 1956. Winston Churchill, on his return to power in 1951, wished to erect a statue to Smuts; he was, however, unable to perform the unveiling due to illness. The pedestal is of granite from South Africa.[347]
Knife Edge Two Piece 1962–65 Abingdon Street Gardens (College Green)

51°29′53″N 0°07′34″W / 51.498°N 0.126°W / 51.498; -0.126
1962–5 Moore, HenryHenry Moore N/A Sculpture N/A Unveiled 1 November 1967. A gift by Henry Moore and the Contemporary Art Society.[350] Over the years the work's condition deteriorated because its legal owner was unknown.[351] The House of Commons accepted ownership of the sculpture in 2011; it is now part of the Parliamentary Art Collection.[352]
Winston Churchill statue, Parliament Square, London (cropped).JPG
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Statue of Winston Churchill Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′35″W / 51.5008°N 0.1265°W / 51.5008; -0.1265
1973 Roberts-Jones, IvorIvor Roberts-Jones N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 1 November 1973 by Clementine, Lady Spencer-Churchill. Churchill indicated his desire for a statue of himself in this spot during Wornum's reconfiguration of Parliament Square. An early version of the statue was felt to bear too close a resemblance to Benito Mussolini and had to be modified.[353]
Crucifixion College Garden, Westminster Abbey 1974 Plazzotta, EnzoEnzo Plazzotta N/A Sculptural group N/A A group depicting the crucified Christ with the Good and Bad Thieves, donated to the Dean and Chapter of Westminster Abbey in 1993.[354]
Jubilee Fountain, New Palace Yard crop.jpg Jubilee Fountain

Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II

New Palace Yard

51°30′02″N 0°07′31″W / 51.5005°N 0.1252°W / 51.5005; -0.1252
1977 Pytel, WalentyWalenty Pytel N/A Fountain with sculpture N/A Unveiled 4 May 1977 by Elizabeth II. The two tiers of animals represent the continents: on the lower tier are a lion for Africa, a unicorn for Europe and a tiger for Asia, on the upper an eagle for the Americas, a kangaroo for Australia and a penguin for Antarctica.[355]
Westminster Abbey 19 2012-07-03.jpg Memorial to Innocent Victims of Oppression, Violence and War Broad Sanctuary

51°29′59″N 0°07′43″W / 51.4996°N 0.1286°W / 51.4996; -0.1286
1996 ? N/A Plaque in pavement N/A Unveiled 10 October 1996 by Elizabeth II.[356]
Golden Jubilee Sundial, Old Palace Yard.jpg Golden Jubilee Sundial

Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II

Old Palace Yard

51°29′56″N 0°07′34″W / 51.499°N 0.1261°W / 51.499; -0.1261
2002 Newark, QuentinQuentin Newark (of Atelier Works) Incisive Lettering (lettering) Analemmatic sundial in pavement N/A Parliament's gift to the Queen on her Golden Jubilee.[357] The inscription around the rim is from Henry VI, Part 3: To carve out dials quaintly, point by point, thereby to see the minutes how they run: how many makes the hour full complete, how many hours brings about the day, how many days will finish up the year, how many years a mortal man may live.[358]
Nelson Mandela Statue, London.jpg
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Statue of Nelson Mandela Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′35″W / 51.5008°N 0.1265°W / 51.5008; -0.1265
2007 Walters, IanIan Walters N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 29 August 2007. Westminster City Council had earlier refused permission for placing the statue in Trafalgar Square adjacent to South Africa House.[359] On a visit to London in 1961, Mandela had joked that one day his statue would replace that of Jan Smuts; they now both have statues in Parliament Square.[360]
Statue of David Lloyd George, Parliament Square.jpg
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Statue of David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′36″W / 51.5008°N 0.1267°W / 51.5008; -0.1267
2007 (unveiled) Williams, GlynnGlynn Williams N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 25 October 2007 by the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall. Stands on a plinth of slate from Penrhyn Quarry, North Wales.[361]
Part of Lines for The Supreme Court outside Middlesex Guildhall, London, UK - 20130629-04.JPG
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Lines for the Supreme Court Outside the Supreme Court at Middlesex Guildhall 2009 ? N/A Inscription on curved wall N/A The complete text of a poem by the Poet Laureate, Andrew Motion, which he also read out at the Supreme Court's opening ceremony.[362]
Queen Liz (14124899477).jpg Statue of Elizabeth I Little Dean's Yard 2010 Spender, MatthewMatthew Spender N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 21 May 2010. Commemorates the 450th anniversary of the founding of Westminster School by Elizabeth I. The sculptor (the son of the poet Stephen Spender) is an old boy of the school.[363]
Fruit sculptures Abbey Orchard Estate courtyard

51°29′52″N 0°07′52″W / 51.4978°N 0.1311°W / 51.4978; -0.1311
2012 Staton, SarahSarah Staton N/A Sculptures N/A Gigantic sculptures of English fruit, made to appear as if they have fallen from the plane trees nearby.[364] The scheme won the UK Landscape Award for Artworks in 2012.[365]
Statue of Mahatma Gandhi, Parliament Square wider view.jpg
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Statue of Mahatma Gandhi Parliament Square

51°30′02″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5006°N 0.1272°W / 51.5006; -0.1272
2015 Jackson, PhilipPhilip Jackson N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 14 March 2015, on the centenary of Gandhi's return to India from South Africa. The statue is based on a photograph of Gandhi at 10 Downing Street, from a 1931 visit to London when he met Ramsay Macdonald.[366]


Whitehall, a street that takes its name from the royal palace destroyed in 1698, is the ceremonial route linking Trafalgar Square with the Palace of Westminster and is lined with government buildings.[367] It is also at the centre of the highest concentration of memorials in the City of Westminster, in which 47% of the total number of such works in the borough are located.[368] The wider area of Whitehall also includes Horse Guards Parade, another important ceremonial space, and Horse Guards Road, which forms its western boundary with St James's Park. The area's monuments are predominantly military in character, foremost among them being the Cenotaph, which is the focal point of the national Remembrance Sunday commemorations held each year.[369]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Cádiz Memorial, London.jpg
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Memorial to the Siege of Cádiz Horse Guards Road

51°30′15″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5042°N 0.1273°W / 51.5042; -0.1273
1814 (base) Carriage Department, Royal Arsenal N/A Memorial Grade II Unveiled 12 August 1816.[370] A French mortar from the siege mounted on a figure of the mythological monster Geryon and (at the back) his two-headed dog Orthrus. Presented by Spain in thanks for Wellington's lifting of the siege in 1812.[371]
Duke of Cambridge statue Whitehall.jpg
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Statue of Prince George, Duke of Cambridge Whitehall, opposite the Old War Office Building

51°30′19″N 0°07′36″W / 51.5052°N 0.1266°W / 51.5052; -0.1266
1907 Jones, AdrianAdrian Jones Belcher, JohnJohn Belcher Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 15 June 1907.[372] Jones was appointed a Member of the Royal Victorian Order for this work.[373] In 2012 the sword was broken off by a man who had stripped naked and mounted the statue in what was described as a "psychotic episode".[374]
Spencer Compton statue Horseguards Avenue.jpg
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Statue of Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire Junction of Horse Guards Avenue and Whitehall

51°30′17″N 0°07′34″W / 51.5048°N 0.1262°W / 51.5048; -0.1262
1909–10 Hampton, HerbertHerbert Hampton Ince, HowardHoward Ince Statue Grade II Unveiled 14 February 1911. The statue of the Duke in his Garter robes stands on a pedestal of Darley Dale stone. Edward VII, as a close friend of the Duke, took a personal interest in the memorial, asking Hampton to bring the modello to Buckingham Palace for his inspection.[375]
Statue of Robert Clive, King Charles Street, London.jpg
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Statue of Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive King Charles Street, facing Horse Guards Road

51°30′08″N 0°07′45″W / 51.5023°N 0.1292°W / 51.5023; -0.1292
1912 Tweed, JohnJohn Tweed Clarke, George SomersGeorge Somers Clarke Statue Grade II Erected 1912 in the gardens of Gwydyr House; moved to present site in 1916. The statue was the brainchild of Lord Curzon, who felt that Clive had been insufficiently honoured for his role in establishing the British Empire in India. A marble version was also created for erection in Calcutta.[376]
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Cenotaph Whitehall

51°30′10″N 0°07′34″W / 51.5027°N 0.1261°W / 51.5027; -0.1261
1920 Wood, Francis DerwentFrancis Derwent Wood Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Memorial Grade I Unveiled 11 November (Armistice Day) 1920 by George V. Lutyens's temporary cenotaph in wood and plaster, designed and built in two weeks in July 1919, proved so popular that this permanent version of the same design was erected the following year. It commemorates the dead of both world wars.[377]
Statue of the Earl Wolseley, London.jpg
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Statue of Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley Horse Guards Road

51°30′18″N 0°07′39″W / 51.505°N 0.1275°W / 51.505; -0.1275
1920 John, William GoscombeWilliam Goscombe John Allison, RichardRichard Allison Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 25 June 1920 by the Duke of Connaught. Goscombe John was awarded this commission on the strength of his equestrian bronze of Lord Tredegar in Cathays Park, Cardiff. Trafalgar Square was initially considered as the location for this statue. It was stored for safekeeping at Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, between 1941 and 1949.[378]
Statue of the Earl Roberts, London.jpg
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Statue of Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts Horse Guards Road

51°30′16″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5045°N 0.1274°W / 51.5045; -0.1274
1924 Poole, HenryHenry Poole after Harry Bates Allison, RichardRichard Allison Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 30 May 1924 by the Duke of Connaught.[379] A scaled-down replica of Bates's 30-foot high bronze of Lord Roberts, erected in Calcutta in 1896. Another, earlier replica by Poole is in Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow.[380]
London, UK (August 2014) - 147.JPG
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Royal Naval Division Memorial Horse Guards Road

51°30′19″N 0°07′44″W / 51.5054°N 0.129°W / 51.5054; -0.129
1925 Broadbent, EricEric Broadbent and F. J. Wilcoxson Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Fountain with obelisk Grade II Unveiled 25 April 1925 by Winston Churchill.[381] Inscribed with words from the poem "1914. III. The Dead" by Rupert Brooke, who served in the RND.[382] Put into storage 1939, re-erected outside the Old Royal Naval College at Greenwich in 1959, and returned to its original site in 2003.[381]
Statue of the Earl Kitchener, London - closeup.jpg
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Statue of Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener Horse Guards Road

51°30′14″N 0°07′41″W / 51.5039°N 0.128°W / 51.5039; -0.128
1926 Tweed, JohnJohn Tweed N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 9 June 1926 by the Prince of Wales (the future Edward VIII).[383] Set against a stone screen abutting the garden wall of 10 Downing Street.[384] A larger national memorial to Kitchener, the tomb designed by William Reid Dick, had been erected in St Paul's Cathedral the previous year.[383]
Guards Division War Memorial.jpg
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Guards Division War Memorial Horse Guards Parade

51°30′16″N 0°07′46″W / 51.5045°N 0.1295°W / 51.5045; -0.1295
1926 Ledward, GilbertGilbert Ledward Bradshaw, H. ChaltonH. Chalton Bradshaw Memorial with sculpture Grade II Unveiled 16 October 1926. The bronze figures represent five individual soldiers from the Grenadier, Coldstream, Scots, Irish and Welsh Guards; they were cast from captured German guns. After it sustained bomb damage in the Blitz, Ledward asked that some of the "honourable scars of war" be left on the memorial.[385]
Earl Haig Memorial, Whitehall, London.jpg
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Statue of Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig Whitehall

51°30′15″N 0°07′35″W / 51.5043°N 0.1263°W / 51.5043; -0.1263
1937 Hardiman, Alfred FrankAlfred Frank Hardiman Pierce, Stephen RowlandStephen Rowland Pierce Equestrian statue Grade II* Unveiled 10 November 1937. The statue aroused great controversy, comparable even with the reaction to Epstein's early works. The depiction of the horse was deemed to be unnatural; Country Life noted that its legs were in the position for urinating.[386]
Bernard Montgomery Statue, Whitehall, London.jpg
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Statue of Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein Whitehall, outside the Ministry of Defence

51°30′12″N 0°07′33″W / 51.5034°N 0.1258°W / 51.5034; -0.1258
1980 Nemon, OscarOscar Nemon N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 6 June 1980 by the Queen Mother. The texture of the lower parts of the statue was achieved by mixing old plaster from the studio floor with fresh plaster at the modelling stage. Another cast stands in Brussels,[387] at a traffic intersection called Montgomery Square.
Statue of the Earl Mountbatten, London - closeup.jpg
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Statue of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma Mountbatten Green, off Horse Guards Road

51°30′13″N 0°07′43″W / 51.5036°N 0.1287°W / 51.5036; -0.1287
1983 Belsky, FrantaFranta Belsky Pollard, CharlesCharles Pollard (Lettering by David Kindersley) Statue N/A Unveiled 2 November 1983 by Elizabeth II. The statue stands on a pedestal at the centre of a low stepped pyramid, a scheme much reduced in ambition from Belsky's competition-winning design which included fountains representing the four seas. The financial constraints and "a very restrictive brief" resulted in a finished work which dissatisfied the sculptor.[388]
Field Marshal The Viscount Slim.jpg
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Statue of William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim Whitehall, outside the Ministry of Defence

51°30′14″N 0°07′33″W / 51.5038°N 0.1259°W / 51.5038; -0.1259
1990 Roberts-Jones, IvorIvor Roberts-Jones Kindersley, DavidDavid Kindersley (lettering) Statue N/A Unveiled 28 April 1990 by Elizabeth II. Roberts-Jones had fought in the Burma Campaign of World War II, in which Slim was a commander.[389]
Statue of Lord Alanbrooke (8281927746).jpg
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Statue of Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke Whitehall, outside the Ministry of Defence

51°30′13″N 0°07′33″W / 51.5036°N 0.1258°W / 51.5036; -0.1258
1993 Roberts-Jones, IvorIvor Roberts-Jones Kindersley, DavidDavid Kindersley (lettering) Statue N/A Unveiled 25 May 1993 by Elizabeth II. For the installation of this, the last of the statues of Field Marshals on what was formerly called Raleigh Green, the area was re-configured by the landscape architects RMJM and the statue of Sir Walter Raleigh removed to Greenwich.[390]
Gurkha Soldier Monument, London - April 2008.jpg
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Memorial to the Brigade of Gurkhas Horse Guards Avenue

51°30′18″N 0°07′30″W / 51.5051°N 0.125°W / 51.5051; -0.125
1997 Jackson, PhilipPhilip Jackson after Richard Reginald Goulden Highton, Cecil DennyCecil Denny Highton Statue N/A Unveiled 3 December 1997 by Elizabeth II. Modelled on a 1924 sculpture by Goulden in the Foreign Office. The Hong Kong Handover transferred the Gurkhas' headquarters to the United Kingdom, which until that point had no memorial to the brigade.[391]
Royal Tank Regiment Memorial, Whitehall Place, London.jpg
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Royal Tank Regiment Memorial Whitehall Court

51°30′22″N 0°07′28″W / 51.5061°N 0.1244°W / 51.5061; -0.1244
2000 Mallock, VivienVivien Mallock after George Henry Paulin Rainsford, ChristopherChristopher Rainsford for HOK International Sculptural group N/A Unveiled 13 June 2000 by Elizabeth II. The group depicts the five-man crew of a World War II-era Comet tank; it is an enlarged version of Paulin's statuette of 1953 in the Tank Museum, Bovington, Dorset. Mallock's husband had been an officer in the RTR in the 1960s.[392]
UK-2014-London-Monument to the Women of World War II (1).jpg
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Monument to the Women of World War II Whitehall

51°30′13″N 0°07′34″W / 51.5035°N 0.1262°W / 51.5035; -0.1262
2005 Mills, John W.John W. Mills Quarme, GilesGiles Quarme Plinth with reliefs N/A Unveiled 9 July 2005 by Elizabeth II. Around the plinth are reliefs of servicewomen's clothing and protective costumes, appearing as if they have been hung up at the end of a working day.[393]
Bali bombing memorial in London, Horse Guard Road.JPG
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Memorial to the 2002 Bali bombings Horse Guards Road, rear of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office

51°30′09″N 0°07′47″W / 51.5024°N 0.1296°W / 51.5024; -0.1296
2006 Cook, MartinMartin Cook Breeze, GaryGary Breeze Memorial N/A Unveiled 12 October 2006, the fourth anniversary of the bombings, by the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall. The memorial consists of a granite globe carved with 202 doves for each of the individuals killed in the bombings, and a wall inscribed with their names.[394]

Artworks in series[edit]

In addition to the works listed above, the City of Westminster has several artworks which are part of large series scattered over a wide area. As they are too numerous to be listed individually, they are discussed here.

In 1997 the artist Rick Buckley began attaching plaster casts of his own nose to buildings in London as a comment on the increasing presence of CCTV cameras across the city. His actions were not publicised until 2011, by which time a number of urban myths concerning the noses had been contrived. One of these told of the "Seven Noses of Soho" (though there were more than seven such installations, and they were not confined to that district), which would bring "infinite wealth" to any person able to find every one.[395]

In 2013 Mark Wallinger, an artist associated with the YBA movement, was invited to produce an artwork to mark the 150th anniversary of the London Underground. He devised a scheme which involved installing panels with designs of labyrinths in vitreous enamel on all 270 Underground stations.[396] The works are numbered according to the order in which their stations were visited in a particular record-breaking journey of 2009 which took in every station on the network.[397] In all there 32 works in the series in the City of Westminster, one for every station except Paddington, which has two panels.[398]

See also[edit]


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