List of public art in the City of Westminster

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There are more than 400 public artworks in the City of Westminster, a borough in central London. Those discussed in this article include freestanding statues, busts and other kinds of permanent sculpture, memorials (excluding plaques without a sculptural element on buildings), fountains, murals, gates and exterior mosaics in the City of Westminster, except for those in the former metropolitan boroughs of Paddington and St Marylebone and in two of the Royal Parks of London, namely Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens. Separate articles list works in the aforementioned areas and architectural sculpture across the borough.

There is more public sculpture in the City of Westminster than in any other area of London.[1] This reflects the borough's central location containing most of the West End, the political centres of Westminster and Whitehall and three of the Royal Parks (Green Park, Hyde Park and St James's Park, with parts also of Regent's Park and Kensington Gardens). Many of the most notable sites for commemoration in London are to be found in the City of Westminster, including Trafalgar Square, Parliament Square and the Victoria Embankment. Other monuments of note in the borough include the Albert Memorial and the Victoria Memorial. After World War I many memorials to that conflict were raised in the area, the most significant being the Grade I-listed Cenotaph in Whitehall. So great is the number of monuments in the borough that Westminster City Council has deemed an area stretching from Whitehall to St James's to be a "monument saturation zone", where the addition of new memorials is generally discouraged. The same restriction applies in Royal Parks within the borough.[2]

In addition to the permanent works which are the subject of this article, the City of Westminster also hosts several temporary displays of sculpture. The most prominent of these is at the Fourth plinth in Trafalgar Square, which has shown works by contemporary artists on rotation since 1999. Temporary outdoor displays of sculpture can also be seen at the Royal Academy and the Chelsea College of Arts. In 2010 Westminster City Council inaugurated the City of Sculpture project, which has seen contemporary sculpture installed in locations across the borough.[3]

Map of the City of Westminster; the area covered by this list is in yellow.
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Aldwych / Strand[edit]

Strand is the thoroughfare that has linked the City of London with Westminster since the time of the Anglo-Saxons;[4] Aldwych is a crescent at its eastern end created during urban improvements in the early 20th century. Among the examples of architectural sculpture in this area, Jacob Epstein's reliefs of the Ages of Man for Zimbabwe House (originally the British Medical Association building) are of particular note. These were the sculptor's first major works in Britain and the subject of heated controversy due to the figures' nudity in a public setting.[5]

Much of the recent public art in this area was bequeathed to the London School of Economics in 2005 by Louis Odette, a Canadian alumnus of the university, who also founded the Windsor Sculpture Park in Windsor, Ontario. He bequeathed a total of 13 works, mainly by Canadian sculptors, to the institution. Not all of those works are within the remit of this list, as some are situated indoors or in the adjacent borough of Camden.[6]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
George III and Father Thames.jpg
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Statue of George III Somerset House, Edmond J. Safra Fountain Court

51°30′41″N 0°07′03″W / 51.5113°N 0.1174°W / 51.5113; -0.1174 (Statue of George III)
1790 c. 1790 John Bacon William Chambers Sculptural groups Grade I The King, in the upper group, leans on a rudder and is flanked by a British lion and the prow of a classical barge; the Thames is represented below him as a river god. The maritime theme refers both to the function of the building, as offices for the Royal Navy (among other institutions), and to the King himself as steering the ship of state.[7]
Legal Lions - - 911197.jpg Lions sejant The Law Society, Chancery Lane 1852 (original model) Alfred Stevens Charles Holden Iron railing finials Grade II* Copies of the figures originally designed for the (now removed) dwarf-posts outside the British Museum, incorporated by Holden into his Law Society extension of 1902–1904. The same design also appears on the railings surrounding Stevens's magnum opus, the Duke of Wellington's tomb in St Paul's Cathedral (completed in 1912).[8][9]
Statue of Gladstone, Strand, London.JPG
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Memorial to William Ewart Gladstone Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

51°30′47″N 0°06′53″W / 51.5130°N 0.1146°W / 51.5130; -0.1146 (Memorial to William Ewart Gladstone)
1905 William Hamo Thornycroft John Lee Memorial with statue and other sculpture Grade II Unveiled 4 November 1905. Allegorical figures around the base represent Courage, Education, Aspiration and Brotherhood. Also represented are the arms of Gladstone's constituencies, Midlothian, Oxford University, the Duchy of Lancaster and Newark.[10]
Samuel Johnson statue, St Clement Danes.jpg
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Statue of Samuel Johnson Strand, behind St Clement Danes

51°30′48″N 0°06′49″W / 51.5132°N 0.1136°W / 51.5132; -0.1136 (Statue of Samuel Johnson)
1910 Percy Hetherington Fitzgerald N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 4 August 1910. Fitzgerald was an amateur sculptor and something of a self-appointed authority on Dr Johnson, who was a parishioner of St Clement's. A portrait medallion of James Boswell is set into the pedestal, which is a post-war replacement for the original.[11]
Civil Service Rifles Memorial, front (3, cropped).jpg
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Civil Service Rifles War Memorial Somerset House, River Terrace

51°30′37″N 0°07′03″W / 51.51032°N 0.11756°W / 51.51032; -0.11756 (Civil Service Rifles War Memorial)
1923 N/A Edwin Lutyens Memorial Grade II* Unveiled 27 January 1924 in the centre of the courtyard of Somerset House; relocated in 2002. The fictive flags are a feature that Lutyens originally intended to employ on the Cenotaph in Whitehall.[12] Originally these were of copper but they have been replaced by flags carved from stone and painted.[13]
Andrew Young memorial.jpg Memorial to Andrew Young Strand, rear of central block of Bush House

51°30′45″N 0°07′01″W / 51.5125°N 0.1169°W / 51.5125; -0.1169 (Memorial to Andrew Young)
1924 Eric Bradbury Harvey Wiley Corbett (Bush House) Plaque with portrait relief N/A Inscribed IN MEMORY OF/ ANDREW YOUNG F.S.I/ FIRST VALUER TO THE LONDON COUNTY COUNCIL/ 1884–1914/ HE LABOURED TO BEAUTIFY/ THE LONDON HE LOVED. Young oversaw the building of Aldwych and Kingsway in 1899–1905.[14][15]
LSE-mosa.jpg Mosaic Clare Market, St Clement's Building (London School of Economics)

51°30′52″N 0°07′01″W / 51.5144°N 0.1170°W / 51.5144; -0.1170 (Mosaic)
1961 Harry Warren Wilson White-Cooper & Turner Mosaic N/A The mosaic represents the River Thames and subjects taught at the LSE.[16][17][18]
Lord Dowding - - 680493.jpg
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Statue of Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

51°30′47″N 0°06′51″W / 51.5130°N 0.1143°W / 51.5130; -0.1143 (Statue of Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding)
1988 Faith Winter C. A. Hart Statue N/A Unveiled 30 October 1988 by the Queen Mother.[19] The first of a pair of statues of notable Royal Air Force personnel to be erected outside St Clement Danes, the Central Church of the RAF.[20] The pose has been described as "deliberately unheroic".[19]
Nehru bust, India Place, London.JPG
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Bust of Jawaharlal Nehru India Place

51°30′44″N 0°07′07″W / 51.5123°N 0.1185°W / 51.5123; -0.1185 (Memorial to Jawaharlal Nehru)
1991 Latika Katt Peter Leach Associates Bust N/A Unveiled 14 November 1991 in India House.[21]
Statue of Sir Arthur Harris outside St Clement Danes.jpg
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Statue of Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

51°30′47″N 0°06′52″W / 51.5131°N 0.1144°W / 51.5131; -0.1144 (Statue of Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet)
1992 Faith Winter T. Hart and Michael Goss Statue N/A Unveiled 31 May 1992 by the Queen Mother. The decision to commemorate "Bomber" Harris ignited a major controversy and was criticised by the mayors of Cologne and Dresden. The unveiling was met by a public protest.[22]
Eagle, LSE.JPG Eagle Clement's Inn, Outside Tower One (London School of Economics)

51°30′51″N 0°06′57″W / 51.5141°N 0.1158°W / 51.5141; -0.1158 (Eagle)
2000 A. Duquette N/A Sculpture N/A Part of the Odette bequest. A small bronze of an eagle's head.[6]
Salutation by Ralph Hicks, LSE.JPG Salutation Portugal Street, rear of the Peacock Theatre (London School of Economics)

51°30′52″N 0°07′03″W / 51.5144°N 0.1174°W / 51.5144; -0.1174 (Salutation)
2002 Ralph Hicks N/A Sculpture N/A Part of the Odette bequest. An abstract representation, in stainless steel, of a human figure bowing its head to passers-by. Another version is at the Windsor Sculpture Park.[23]
Elephant and LSE.jpg
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Baby Tembo Clare Market, outside the Old Building (London School of Economics)

51°30′51″N 0°07′00″W / 51.5143°N 0.1167°W / 51.5143; -0.1167 (Baby Tembo)
2002 Derrick Stephan Hudson N/A Sculpture N/A Part of the Odette bequest. This work and Yolanda vanderGaast's Penguin were sited on Clare Market as the LSE crèche was at that time located at the top of the street, and it was thought that these sculptures might appeal to children. The crèche has since moved.[6]
Three Fates, LSE.JPG Three Fates Clement's Inn, opposite Tower Three (London School of Economics)

51°30′49″N 0°06′54″W / 51.5137°N 0.1149°W / 51.5137; -0.1149 (Three Fates)
2003 Morton Katz N/A Sculpture N/A Part of the Odette bequest.[6]
Equus, LSE.JPG Equus John Watkins Plaza, outside the British Library of Political and Economic Science

51°30′52″N 0°06′58″W / 51.5145°N 0.1160°W / 51.5145; -0.1160 (Equus)
2003 Edwina Sandys N/A Sculpture N/A Part of the Odette bequest. A bronze copy of a smaller marble original of 1977, produced during the artist's "Stone Age" period.[24]
Penguin, LSE.JPG Penguin Clare Market, outside St Clement's Building (London School of Economics)

51°30′52″N 0°07′00″W / 51.5144°N 0.1168°W / 51.5144; -0.1168 (Penguin)
2009 Yolanda vanderGaast N/A Sculpture N/A Part of the Odette bequest. VanderGaast's original Penguin of 2002[6] stood in Clare Market from 2005. In 2009 it was stolen; the thieves left only the flippers behind. The replacement statue is more firmly secured to the ground than its predecessor.[25]


See the list of public art in Paddington


Part of Belgravia lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the list of public art in Kensington and Chelsea.

Belgravia is a district mainly composed of early 19th-century residential buildings, many of which now serve diplomatic uses.[26] Several of the figures commemorated by memorials here were influential in the early development of the area under the ownership of the Grosvenor family, later the Dukes of Westminster. Belgrave Square, which gives the locale its name,[27] has a particularly high number of embassies; its public sculptures are therefore of a pronounced international character.[28]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Drinking Fountain - - 1305384.jpg Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster Memorial Drinking Fountain Junction of Pimlico Road and Avery Farm Row

51°29′28″N 0°09′01″W / 51.4911°N 0.1503°W / 51.4911; -0.1503 (Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster Memorial Drinking Fountain)
c. 1870 Salviati (mosaics) Thomas Henry Wyatt Drinking fountain Grade II An Italian Renaissance-style drinking fountain of Portland stone and granite, with mosaic panels.[29][30][31]
Fountainhead by Geoffrey Wickham.JPG Fountainhead Halkin Arcade

51°29′58″N 0°09′26″W / 51.4994°N 0.1573°W / 51.4994; -0.1573 (Fountainhead)
1971 Geoffrey Wickham N/A Sculpture N/A Commissioned by Sotheby's, this work won the Royal British Society of Sculptors' Silver Medal in 1972 for the most distinguished new sculpture in London.[32][33]
Bolivar statue, Belgrave Square, Belgravia - DSC05405.JPG
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Statue of Simón Bolívar Belgrave Square

51°29′57″N 0°09′08″W / 51.4992°N 0.1522°W / 51.4992; -0.1522 (Statue of Simón Bolívar)
1974 Hugo Daini N/A Statue N/A Unveiled by James Callaghan, then Foreign Secretary, and the Venezuelan president Rafael Caldera. The statue of Bolívar in London is said to represent him as a maker of constitutions, in contrast to those in Madrid, Rome and Paris, which are equestrian. The quotation on the pedestal stresses his admiration for British institutions: I am convinced that England alone is capable of protecting the world's precious rights as she is great, glorious and wise.[34]
Great Flora L, Chesham Place SW1.JPG Great Flora L Chesham Place

51°29′52″N 0°09′17″W / 51.4977°N 0.1548°W / 51.4977; -0.1548 (Great Flora L)
1978 Fritz Koenig N/A Sculpture N/A The sculpture stands outside the extension to the German Embassy, with which it is contemporary.[35] It was conceived as "a fragile 'call-sign' in the heart of the surging metropolis".[36] Flora I, a work by the same artist, is in the garden of the German Chancellery in Berlin.[37]
Hercules, Ormonde Place SW1.JPG Hercules Ormonde Place

51°29′27″N 0°09′14″W / 51.4909°N 0.1539°W / 51.4909; -0.1539 (Hercules)
1981 ? N/A Statue N/A A small, bronze replica of the Farnese Hercules. Pedestal inscribed HERCULES/ THIS STATUE IS EXHIBITED/ BY WATES LIMITED/ MAY 1981.
Homage to Leonardo, Belgrave Square, London.JPG
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Homage to Leonardo
Leonardo da Vinci
Belgrave Square Gardens 1982 Enzo Plazzotta and Mark Holloway N/A Sculpture N/A Based on Leonardo's drawing of the Vitruvian Man. Completed by Holloway, Plazzotta's studio assistant, after the elder sculptor's death in 1981. Funded by the American construction magnate John M. Harbert.[38]
Columbus statue, Belgrave Square, Belgravia - DSC05408.JPG
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Statue of Christopher Columbus Belgrave Square

51°29′55″N 0°09′13″W / 51.4985°N 0.1536°W / 51.4985; -0.1536 (Statue of Christopher Columbus)
1992 Tomás Bañuelos N/A Statue N/A Given by the people of Spain in commemoration of the 500th anniversary of Columbus's voyage. His birth date is mistakenly given as 1446 on the pedestal.[39]
Statue Of José de San Martín-Belgrave Square.jpg
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Statue of José de San Martín Belgrave Square

51°30′00″N 0°09′13″W / 51.5000°N 0.1535°W / 51.5000; -0.1535 (Statue of José de San Martín)
1994 Juan Carlos Ferraro N/A Statue N/A A gift of the Anglo-Argentine community in Argentina, unveiled by the Duke of Edinburgh.[40] San Martín is depicted in general's uniform with his bicorne hat held casually in his right hand, while in his left he holds a trailing sword below the hilt. An inscription reads His name represents democracy, justice and liberty.[41]
Statue of Mozart, Orange Square SW1.JPG
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Statue of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Orange Square, corner of Ebury Street and Pimlico Road

51°29′27″N 0°09′10″W / 51.4908°N 0.1529°W / 51.4908; -0.1529 (Statue of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart)
1994 Philip Jackson N/A Statue N/A The composer is portrayed at the age of eight, when he stayed at 180 Ebury Street for the summer and autumn of 1764; he wrote his first two symphonies there. The statue was proposed to mark the bicentenary of Mozart's death in 1991.[42]
Robert Grosvenor statue, Westminster, London.JPG
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Statue of Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster Wilton Crescent

51°30′01″N 0°09′14″W / 51.5004°N 0.1538°W / 51.5004; -0.1538 (Statue of Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster)
1998 Jonathan Wylder N/A Statue N/A The developer of Belgravia is shown studying plans of the area, his foot resting on a milestone inscribed CHESTER/ 197/ MILES, a reference to his estate at Eaton Hall in Cheshire. On either side sit two talbots, the supporters from his coat of arms.[43] An inscription on the pedestal reads WHEN WE BUILD, LET US THINK WE BUILD FOR EVER‍—‌a slight misquotation from John Ruskin's Seven Lamps of Architecture (1849).[44]
Armillary sphere in Belgrave Square, London.jpg Armillary sphere Belgrave Square Gardens 2000 ? N/A Armillary sphere N/A A gift from the Duke of Westminster to mark the beginning of the third millennium. The inscription on the rim is taken from William Blake's "Auguries of Innocence" (1803): To see a world in a grain of sand and a heaven in a wild flower, hold infinity in the palm of your hand and eternity in an hour.[45]
Statue Of Prince Henry The Navigator-Belgrave Square.jpg Statue of Henry the Navigator Belgrave Square

51°29′57″N 0°09′17″W / 51.4992°N 0.1548°W / 51.4992; -0.1548 (Statue of Henry the Navigator)
2002 after José Simões de Almeida (the younger) N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 12 February 2002 by Jorge Sampaio, the President of Portugal.[46] A cast of a statue in Vila Franca do Campo on São Miguel Island, erected in 1932 to commemorate the quincentenary of the arrival of the Portuguese to the Azores.[47] The Portuguese Embassy is at 11 Belgrave Square.[48]
Bust of George Basevi, Belgrave Square Gardens SW1.JPG Bust of George Basevi Belgrave Square Gardens

51°29′56″N 0°09′10″W / 51.4989°N 0.1529°W / 51.4989; -0.1529 (Bust of George Basevi)
2002 Jonathan Wylder N/A Bust N/A Basevi was responsible for the design and construction of Belgrave Square in 1825–1840.[49][50]

Charing Cross / Trafalgar Square[edit]

Charing Cross, at the junction of Strand and Whitehall, was the site of the first public monument in what is now the City of Westminster,[1] the cross commissioned by Edward I late in the 13th century in memory of his queen, Eleanor of Castile. Destroyed by order of the Long Parliament in 1647,[51] the Eleanor cross was replaced after the Restoration by the equestrian statue of Charles I by Hubert Le Sueur, the oldest public sculpture now standing in the borough.[52] In 1865 a facsimile of the cross was erected in the forecourt of Charing Cross railway station. Charing Cross was declared the official centre of London in 1831[53] and a plaque marking this status was installed near Le Sueur's statue in 1955.[54]

Immediately to the north of Charing Cross lies Trafalgar Square, one of London's most famous public spaces.[55] Conceived as part of John Nash's urban improvements, the square was initially developed from the 1820s onwards.[56] Its centrepiece, Nelson's Column, was constructed in 1839–1842. Charles Barry's 1840 redesign of the square provided plinths for equestrian monuments to George IV and William IV, but sufficient funds were never raised for the latter statue.[57] Most of the memorials since added have had a military or naval flavour, an exception being the statue of the physician Edward Jenner, erected in 1858 but moved to Kensington Gardens only four years later. Another work which originally stood on the square is Hamo Thornycroft's statue of General Gordon; this was removed during World War II and reinstalled on the Victoria Embankment in 1953. Since 1999 the formerly empty fourth plinth has become London's most prominent showcase for temporary new sculpture.[58]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Statue of King Charles I, Trafalgar Square - - 396971.jpg
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Statue of Charles I Charing Cross

51°30′26″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5073°N 0.1277°W / 51.5073; -0.1277 (Equestrian statue of Charles I)
1633 Hubert Le Sueur Christopher Wren Equestrian statue Grade I The earliest Renaissance-style equestrian statue in England. Originally commissioned in 1630 by Charles I's Lord High Treasurer, Lord Richard Weston, for his estate in Roehampton (then in Surrey). Erected on the site of the Charing Cross in 1674–1675, when it was set on its current pedestal.[59] The reliefs were carved by Joshua Marshall, Master Mason to Charles II.[60]
Statue of James II, Trafalgar Square 02.JPG
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Statue of James II Lawn in front of the National Gallery, Trafalgar Square

51°30′31″N 0°07′45″W / 51.5085°N 0.1291°W / 51.5085; -0.1291 (Statue of James II)
1686 Workshop of Grinling Gibbons N/A Statue Grade I Commissioned by the royal servant Tobias Rustat for a site outside the Palace of Whitehall. One of three statues of Stuart monarchs commissioned by him, the others being those of Charles II at the Chelsea Royal Hospital and Windsor Castle. Erected on present site in 1946.[61]
Statue of King George IV in Trafalgar Square, London (cropped).jpg
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Statue of George IV North-eastern plinth, Trafalgar Square

51°30′30″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5083°N 0.1276°W / 51.5083; -0.1276 (Equestrian statue of George IV)
1830 Francis Legatt Chantrey Charles Barry Equestrian statue Grade II Originally intended to be the crowning feature of Marble Arch, the decorative scheme of which was cut back after George IV's death. It still had no home after Chantrey's death in 1843 and in December of that year it was erected in the newly laid-out Trafalgar Square.[62]

Statue of Nelson atop Nelson's Column.jpg
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Statue of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson Centre of Trafalgar Square

51°30′28″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5077°N 0.1279°W / 51.5077; -0.1279 (Nelson's Column)
1839–1842 Edward Hodges Baily William Railton Statue on column Grade I Nelson is shown without an eyepatch, but his portrayal in this statue is not idealised by the standards of the time. The figure is given stability by the coil of rope behind. Portland stone was chosen over bronze as the statue "would [then] not be resorted to as plunder in revolutions".[63]
Nelson's column - Death of Nelson at Trafalgar relief.jpg
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The Battle of Trafalgar or The Death of Nelson South face of pedestal of Nelson's Column 1846–1849 John Edward Carew N/A Bas-relief Grade I Nelson is depicted immediately after receiving his mortal wound; Captain Hardy turns back towards him whilst sailors to the left take aim at the marksman who dealt the fatal blow. Inscribed at the bottom ENGLAND EXPECTS EVERY MAN WILL DO HIS DUTY.[64]
Nelson's column - Battle of the Nile relief (Edward Carew, 1850).jpg
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The Battle of the Nile North face of pedestal of Nelson's Column 1846–1850 William F. Woodington N/A Bas-relief Grade I Nelson has been taken below deck after being wounded in the head during the attack on the French fleet in Abu Qir Bay. Captain Edward Berry stands by his side.[65]
Nelson's column - Battle of Copenhagen relief.jpg
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The Bombardment of Copenhagen East face of pedestal of Nelson's Column 1846–1854 John Ternouth N/A Bas-relief Grade I Nelson, on board his flagship HMS Elephant, applies his seal to an ultimatum directed at the Crown Prince of Denmark. The city of Copenhagen is visible in the background.[66]
Nelson's column - Battle of Cape St Vincent relief (Musgrave Watson).jpg
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The Battle of Cape St Vincent West face of pedestal of Nelson's Column 1846–1854 Musgrave Watson and William F. Woodington N/A Bas-relief Grade I Nelson is on board a Spanish ship, the San Nicolas. A Spanish officer kneels in front of Nelson, surrendering the swords of his fellow officers. Watson died in 1847 before he could complete the work.[67]
UK-2014-London-Statue of Charles James Napier.jpg
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Statue of Charles James Napier South-western plinth, Trafalgar Square

51°30′28″N 0°07′43″W / 51.5077°N 0.1286°W / 51.5077; -0.1286 (Statue of Charles James Napier)
1855 George Gammon Adams N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 26 November 1856. Napier holds a scroll out in his right hand, a gesture which symbolises the giving of government to Sindh. The statue was much criticised, The Art Journal calling it "perhaps the worst piece of sculpture in England".[68]
UK-2014-London-Statue of Henry Havelock.jpg
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Statue of Henry Havelock South-eastern plinth, Trafalgar Square

51°30′28″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5079°N 0.1274°W / 51.5079; -0.1274 (Statue of Henry Havelock)
1861 William Behnes N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 10 April 1861. The pedestal inscribed at the front with a quotation from one of Havelock's pre-battle speeches, and to the rear with a list of British and Indian regiments commanded by him during the Indian Mutiny. This was the first statue ever to be modelled from a photograph.[69]

Charing Cross Memorial 3 (5821600033).jpg
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Queen Eleanor Memorial Cross
Eleanor of Castile
Forecourt of Charing Cross railway station

51°30′30″N 0°07′31″W / 51.5084°N 0.1254°W / 51.5084; -0.1254 (Queen Eleanor Memorial Cross)
1865 Thomas Earp Edward Middleton Barry Memorial with sculpture Grade II* A replica of the original Eleanor cross at Charing, with some details inspired by the Oxford Martyrs' Memorial. It stands some distance away from the original location of the Charing Cross.[70]

Bronze lion at the foot of Nelson's Column in 1915.jpg
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Four lions At the foot of Nelson's Column 1867 Edwin Landseer N/A Statues Grade I Unveiled 31 January 1867. Landseer, an animal painter with no previous experience in sculpture, was assisted by Carlo Marochetti.[71]
John Law Baker Memorial Drinking Fountain.JPG
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John Law Baker Memorial Drinking Fountain Churchyard of St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′31″N 0°07′35″W / 51.5087°N 0.1263°W / 51.5087; -0.1263 (John Law Baker Memorial Fountain)
1886 ? N/A Drinking fountain with sculpture Grade II A truncated fluted column with lion's-head fountains on two sides, their basins now filled in. Inscribed IN MEMORY OF JOHN LAW BAKER/ FORMERLY OF THE MADRAS ARMY/ BORN 1789‍—‌DIED 1886.[72]
Fountain St Martin in the Fields night.jpg William Gilson Humphry Memorial Drinking Fountain Adelaide Street, adjacent to corner with Duncannon Street

51°30′31″N 0°07′34″W / 51.5087°N 0.1260°W / 51.5087; -0.1260 (William Gilson Humphry Memorial Drinking Fountain)
1886 ? N/A Drinking fountain Grade II A basic granite drinking fountain set into the churchyard wall of St Martin's, where Humphry was vicar from 1815 until his death in 1886. Restored with a replica bronze lion mash spout in about 1989, but this is no longer visible on the memorial.[73]
The Edith Cavell Memorial (5992690965) (cropped).jpg
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Memorial to Edith Cavell St Martin's Place

51°30′33″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5093°N 0.1272°W / 51.5093; -0.1272 (Memorial to Edith Cavell)
1920 George Frampton N/A Pylon with sculpture Grade I Unveiled 17 March 1920 by Queen Alexandra. The earliest World War I memorial project in England; plans for it began soon after Cavell's death in 1915. The inscription FOR KING AND COUNTRY was felt to be a travesty of Cavell's beliefs; in 1924 another was added with her words, PATRIOTISM IS NOT ENOUGH/ I MUST HAVE NO HATRED OR/ BITTERNESS FOR ANYONE.[74]
Statue of George Washington, Trafalgar Square 02.JPG
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Statue of George Washington Lawn in front of the National Gallery, Trafalgar Square

51°30′31″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5087°N 0.1276°W / 51.5087; -0.1276 (Statue of George Washington)
1921 after Jean-Antoine Houdon N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 30 June 1921. A bronze cast of Houdon's 1796 marble statue for the Virginia State Capitol. The state of Virginia offered the cast to London in 1914 to mark the centenary of the Treaty of Ghent, and thus of Anglo-American peace.[75]

Bust of John Jellicoe in Trafalgar Square.jpg
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Bust of John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe Balustrade of Trafalgar Square

51°30′30″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5083°N 0.1278°W / 51.5083; -0.1278 (Bust of John Jellicoe)
1948 Charles Wheeler Edwin Lutyens Bust Grade II* The Jellicoe and Beatty memorials were unveiled on 21 October 1948 (Trafalgar Day) by the Duke of Gloucester. Each memorial consists of a fountain (adapted from those designed by Charles Barry and installed in 1845) with two bronze sculptural groups and, up against the north wall of the square, a bust of the admiral in question.[76]
Fountain at Trafalgar Square, London - - 224488.jpg Jellicoe Memorial Fountain Western fountain of Trafalgar Square

51°30′29″N 0°07′42″W / 51.5080°N 0.1284°W / 51.5080; -0.1284 (Jellicoe Memorial Fountain)
1948 Charles Wheeler Edwin Lutyens Fountain with two sculptural groups Grade II* For both memorial fountains Lutyens retained Barry's cusped quatrefoil-shaped basins and added the vase-shaped central fountains. In the Jellicoe fountain, one of the bronze groups comprises a mermaid with two merchildren and dolphins perched on a shell; the other has a triton with a merchild and dolphins on a shell.[76]
Bust of David Beatty in Trafalgar Square.jpg
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Bust of David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty Balustrade of Trafalgar Square

51°30′30″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5084°N 0.1277°W / 51.5084; -0.1277 (Bust of David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty)
1948 William McMillan Edwin Lutyens Bust Grade II* During the 2003 refurbishment of the square the busts were moved to the eastern side of the new steps; they previously faced their associated fountains.[76] A square plaque near the centre of the square marks the dedication of the fountains and busts:


Trafalgar Square - - 811363.jpg Beatty Memorial Fountain Eastern fountain of Trafalgar Square

51°30′29″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5081°N 0.1277°W / 51.5081; -0.1277 (Beatty Memorial Fountain)
1948 William McMillan Edwin Lutyens Fountain with two sculptural groups Grade II* One bronze sculptural group consists of a mermaid riding on a dolphin and holding smaller dolphins under her arms, with a shoal of small sharks in the rear; the other depicts an equivalent grouping with a triton in place of the mermaid.[76]
Bust of Andrew Cunningham in Trafalgar Square.jpg
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Bust of Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope Balustrade of Trafalgar Square

51°30′30″N 0°07′41″W / 51.5083°N 0.1280°W / 51.5083; -0.1280 (Bust of Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope)
1967 Franta Belsky N/A Bust Grade II* Unveiled 2 April 1967 by the Duke of Edinburgh. The bust contains a half-pint bottle of Guinness and a note written by the sculptor.[78]
Charing Cross tube stn Northern northbound look south.JPG Platform murals Charing Cross tube station 1979 David Gentleman N/A Murals N/A The murals on the Northern line platforms depict the construction of the medieval Charing Cross; they are reproduced from woodcuts by Gentleman at twenty times their original size.[79] The murals for the Jubilee and Bakerloo lines feature photographs of Nelson's Column and paintings in the National Gallery.[80]
Trafalgar Square subway.JPG Tile murals Subway under Trafalgar Square 1992 FreeForm Arts Trust N/A Tile murals N/A A scheme depicting scenes from the history of Trafalgar Square.[17][81]
A Conversation with Oscar Wilde.jpg
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A Conversation with Oscar Wilde Adelaide Street, near St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′32″N 0°07′33″W / 51.5088°N 0.1259°W / 51.5088; -0.1259 (A Conversation with Oscar Wilde)
1998 Maggi Hambling N/A Memorial with sculpture N/A Unveiled 30 November 1998. A bronze sculpture of Wilde's head and hand (complete with cigarette) emerges from a granite, coffin-shaped plinth. Inscribed with a quotation from Lady Windermere's Fan (1892): We are all/ in the gutter/ but some of us/ are looking at/ the stars.[82]
The Christ Child, St Martin-in-the-Fields.jpg
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Christ Child Portico of St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′32″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5088°N 0.1271°W / 51.5088; -0.1271 (Christ Child)
1999 Michael Chapman N/A Sculpture N/A A relief of a newborn baby with the umbilical cord still uncut, seemingly emerging from a block of Portland stone. The inscription running around the sides reads IN THE BEGINNING/ WAS THE WORD‍—‌AND THE/ WORD BECAME FLESH/ AND LIVED AMONG US/ St John 1:1,14.[83]
St Martin in the Fields , top of the lightwell - - 1528629.jpg Poem

Natalie Skilbeck

North of St Martin-in-the-Fields

51°30′32″N 0°07′34″W / 51.5090°N 0.1261°W / 51.5090; -0.1261 (Poem)
2008 Tom Perkins (lettering) Eric Parry Inscription around balustrade N/A The balustrade of a light well is inscribed with a poem by Andrew Motion in stainless steel letters, individually cast.[84] Natalie Skilbeck was a traveller on her gap year killed in a road accident in Mauritius in 2004.[85]

Covent Garden[edit]

Part of Covent Garden lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here, see the list of public art in Camden.

Covent Garden, noted for its former fruit and vegetable market which is now a shopping and entertainment area,[86] is a district on the eastern edge of the West End, between St Martin's Lane and Drury Lane.

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
David Garrick memorial plaque.JPG Memorial to David Garrick 27 Southampton Street 1901 Henry Charles Fehr Charles Fitzroy Doll Plaque with relief sculpture N/A A profile portrait of the actor is flanked by figures of the Tragic and Comic Muses. Inscribed DAVID GARRICK/ LIVED HERE/ 1750–1772/ ΜΕΛΠΟΜΕΝΗ/ ΘΑΛΕΙΑ[87]
Young Dancer by Royal Opera House (crop).jpg
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Young Dancer Broad Court, off Bow Street

51°30′49″N 0°07′21″W / 51.5136°N 0.1225°W / 51.5136; -0.1225 (Young Dancer)
1988 Enzo Plazzotta N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 16 May 1988. A gift to Westminster City Council by the sculptor's estate.[88]
Neptune Fountain, St Pauls Church, Covent Garden.JPG Neptune Fountain Churchyard of St Paul's, Covent Garden

51°30′41″N 0°07′25″W / 51.5114°N 0.1235°W / 51.5114; -0.1235 (Neptune Fountain)
1995 Philip Thomason Donald Insall Fountain with sculpture N/A Part of the southern gate of the church, reconstructed to Inigo Jones's design after it had been removed in 1877. The material used is a very close match to Coade stone,[89] the recipe for which has been lost.
Eamonn Hughes sculpture on Maiden Lane (29920828903).jpg Sculpture Maiden Lane 1998 Eamonn Hughes N/A Sculpture N/A [90]
Relief sculpture in Covent Garden London.jpg Market Memorial Southampton Street 2006 Glynis Jones Owen Covent Garden Housing Project Architects Bronze relief panel N/A Commemorates the fruit traders who worked at Covent Garden Market from 1670 to 1974. The deliberately crude style is intended to be in the spirit of the chapbooks popular in the 18th century.[91][92]
The Conversion of Saint Paul by Bruce Denny (14836832830).jpg
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The Conversion of Saint Paul Churchyard of St Paul's, Covent Garden 2010 Bruce Denny N/A Equestrian sculpture N/A Unveiled 20 March 2015 by Judi Dench.[93] Originally commissioned for an exhibition of 2010 marking the tercentenary of the rebuilding of St Paul's Cathedral.[94]
Agatha Christie at Great Newport Street.jpg
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Memorial to Agatha Christie Corner of Great Newport Street and Cranbourn Street

51°30′42″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5118°N 0.1274°W / 51.5118; -0.1274 (Memorial to Agatha Christie)
2012 Ben Twiston-Davies N/A Memorial with sculpture N/A Unveiled 18 November 2012. Marks the 60th year of the run of Christie's play The Mousetrap, the longest in theatrical history, which is staged nearby at St Martin's Theatre. The memorial takes the form of a book as Christie is also the world's best-selling novelist.[95] Miss Marple, Hercule Poirot, the Orient Express and a country house are depicted in relief on the book's cover.[96]
Covent Garden maze (15470788465).jpg Diamond Jubilee Memorial
Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II
Churchyard of St Paul's, Covent Garden 2012 ? N/A Relief set into pavement N/A A small, brick labyrinth encircling a relief of an over-sized coin.[97]


See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

Green Park[edit]

Green Park is one of London's Royal Parks and lies between Hyde Park and St James's Park. Much of the present landscaping is the result of remodelling by John Nash in the 1820s, and the park had been cleared of its buildings, dating to the time of Queen Caroline, by 1855.[98] Governments have traditionally been reluctant to situate memorials in the Royal Parks, and there were none in Green Park until the installation of the Canada Memorial in 1994.[99] Since then two further war memorials have been added, with the second (dedicated to the memory of RAF Bomber Command) drawing criticism for "the un-greening of this section of Green Park".[100]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Green park gates on Piccadilly (February 2010) 1.jpg Gates Piccadilly

51°30′21″N 0°08′41″W / 51.5057°N 0.1446°W / 51.5057; -0.1446 (Gates)
1735 c. 1735 attributed to Jean Montigny Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington Gates and piers Grade II* Wrought-iron gates with piers in the Palladian style, originally from a house at Turnham Green belonging to Lord Heathfield. When this was demolished in 1837 they were bought for Chiswick House, but in 1897 they were removed to Devonshire House, which was owned by the same family. This in turn was demolished in 1921, after which the gates were moved to their present site.[101] Restored in 2000.[102]
Diana Fountain Green Park London.jpg
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Diana Fountain Near the entrance of Green Park tube station

51°30′23″N 0°08′32″W / 51.5063°N 0.1423°W / 51.5063; -0.1423 (Diana Fountain)
1951 Estcourt James (Jim) Clack N/A Drinking fountain with sculpture N/A Unveiled 30 June 1954 on the site of an earlier fountain by Sydney Smirke. The new work was a gift of the Constance Fund, a trust fund set up in accordance with the wishes of the artist Sigismund Goetze to commission sculpture for London's parks.[103] The fountain was moved to its current, more prominent position in 2011, when some gilding was added.[104]
Leaves motif on Green Park Jubilee line platforms - - 614590.jpg Leaves Green Park tube station, Victoria and Jubilee line platforms 1979 June Fraser N/A Tile motif N/A Fraser's tiling scheme in bright red and green replaced (on the Victoria line platforms)[105] an abstract design of 1969 by Hans Unger, representing a bird's-eye view of trees in Green Park.[106]
Canada Memorial - war memorial in Green Park, London - Pierre Granche.jpg
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Canada Memorial Green Park

51°30′10″N 0°08′33″W / 51.5029°N 0.1426°W / 51.5029; -0.1426 (Canada Memorial)
1994 Pierre Granche Ove Arup and Partners Memorial N/A Unveiled 3 June 1994 by Elizabeth II.[107] A pyramid of Canadian granite bisected by a passageway, forming the shape of an arrow pointing from Halifax, Nova Scotia, whence Canadian soldiers sailed for London in order to fight in both world wars. The inscriptions are in English and French.[108]
Memorial Gates, Constitution Hill - - 1010664.jpg
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Memorial Gates Constitution Hill

51°30′09″N 0°08′57″W / 51.5025°N 0.1491°W / 51.5025; -0.1491 (Memorial Gates)
2002 N/A Liam O'Connor Four stone pillars supporting lamps and, nearby, a chhatri N/A Unveiled 6 November 2002 by Elizabeth II. Inscribed IN MEMORY OF/ THE FIVE MILLION/ VOLUNTEERS FROM/ THE INDIAN/ SUB-CONTINENT/ AFRICA AND/ THE CARIBBEAN/ WHO FOUGHT WITH/ BRITAIN IN THE TWO/ WORLD WARS[109]
Watering Holes, Green Park, London.JPG Watering Holes Green Park

51°30′17″N 0°08′43″W / 51.5047°N 0.1454°W / 51.5047; -0.1454 (Watering Holes)
2012 Mark Titman Robin Monotti Architects Sculptural drinking fountain N/A One of two winners of an international competition to design "a new, top-quality, low-cost, model drinking fountain",[110] the other being the Trumpet fountain installed in Kensington Gardens.[111]
RAF Bomber Command Memorial, Green Park.JPG
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RAF Bomber Command Memorial Green Park

51°30′12″N 0°08′56″W / 51.5033°N 0.1489°W / 51.5033; -0.1489 (RAF Bomber Command Memorial)
2012 Philip Jackson Liam O'Connor Sculptural group inside pavilion N/A Unveiled 28 June 2012 by Elizabeth II. The memorial is classical in style, but its roof is lined with aluminium from a Halifax bomber, behind a stainless steel lattice inspired by the geodesic fuselage construction of Wellington bombers.[112]

Hyde Park[edit]

See the list of public art in Hyde Park.


Part of Kensington lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the list of public art in Kensington and Chelsea and that of public art in Kensington Gardens.

Kensington is an area of west and central London; only some parts of Kensington Gardens and South Kensington fall within the boundary of Westminster.

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Memorial to the Great Exhibition in the Kensington Gore, London 2013 (9).JPG
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Memorial to the Great Exhibition Kensington Gore

51°30′01″N 0°10′38″W / 51.5004°N 0.1773°W / 51.5004; -0.1773
1863 Joseph Durham Sydney Smirke Statue with other sculpture Grade II Erected in June 1863 in the gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society in South Kensington. Moved to its present site in the early 1890s.[113] Another cast of the statue of Prince Albert is in Saint Peter Port, Guernsey.[114]

Queen's Gate, Kensington (cropped).jpg Statue of Robert Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala Queen's Gate

51°30′05″N 0°10′49″W / 51.5013°N 0.1803°W / 51.5013; -0.1803
1891 Joseph Edgar Boehm N/A Equestrian statue Grade II Originally stood in Waterloo Place; moved to its current site in 1921. A replica of the statue to Napier in Kolkata. The boundary line with Kensington and Chelsea bisects the length of this statue.[115] In 2004 the artist Eleonora Aguiari wrapped the statue in bright red tape as a comment on Britain's imperialist past.[116]
Albert Hall (4).jpg Mosaic Royal Albert Hall, South Porch

51°30′02″N 0°10′38″W / 51.5005°N 0.1773°W / 51.5005; -0.1773
2003 Shelagh Wakely (made by Trevor Caley) Building Design Partnership (South Porch) Mosaic N/A Installed on the pediment of the Building Design Partnership's new South Porch of 2003,[117] the 60,000-piece mosaic is inspired by chaos theory[118] and by the existing, Victorian frieze on the Albert Hall's façade.[119]
Royal Geographical Society building in London.jpeg Balustrade Royal Geographical Society, Exhibition Road

51°30′04″N 0°10′29″W / 51.5011°N 0.1747°W / 51.5011; -0.1747
2004 Eleanor Long Craig Downie Glass balustrade N/A Images of contours, maps and landscapes are etched into the glass panels.[120][121]
Velocity Wave, Imperial College Sports Centre.JPG Velocity Wave[120] Imperial College Sports Centre, Prince's Gardens

51°30′00″N 0°10′24″W / 51.5°N 0.1734°W / 51.5; -0.1734
2004–2006 Pat Kaufman Arup Associates Glass balustrade N/A The artist consulted scientists at Imperial College researching into the velocity wave patterns of different sporting activities. These patterns were etched into the glass panes at the entrance ramps and stairs to the sports centre, and infilled with resin and gold leaf. The balustrade is lit at night by white LED lights.[122]

Royal Albert Hall frieze[edit]

Detail of the frieze

The exterior of the Royal Albert Hall (built in 1867–1871 to the designs of Francis Fowke and Henry Young Darracott Scott) is embellished with a mosaic frieze composed of sixteen separate designs by multiple artists. This was assembled from 800 slabs prepared by attendees of the South Kensington Museum's mosaic class; the terracotta was manufactured by Minton, Hollins and Company. The designs are listed below in anti-clockwise order from the north.[123]

# Subject Artist Designation
1 Various Countries of the World bringing in their Offerings
to the Exhibition of 1851
Sir Edward John Poynter, 1st Baronet Grade I
2 Music Frederick Richard Pickersgill
3 Sculpture Frederick Richard Pickersgill
4 Painting Frederick Richard Pickersgill
5 Princes, Art Patrons and Artists Edward Armitage
6 Workers in Stone William Frederick Yeames
7 Workers in Wood and Brick William Frederick Yeames
8 Architecture William Frederick Yeames
9 The Infancy of the Arts and Sciences Frederick Richard Pickersgill
10 Agriculture Henry Stacy Marks
11 Horticulture and Land Surveying Henry Stacy Marks
12 Astronomy and Navigation Henry Stacy Marks
13 A Group of Philosophers, Sages and Students Edward Armitage
14 Engineering John Callcott Horsley
15 The Mechanical Powers Henry Hugh Armstead
16 Pottery and Glassmaking Frederick Richard Pickersgill


See the list of public art in Hyde Park and, for works in Knightsbridge outside the City of Westminster, the list of public art in Kensington and Chelsea.

Lisson Grove[edit]

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

Maida Vale[edit]

See the list of public art in Paddington.


See the list of public art in St Marylebone.


See the List of public art in Mayfair.


Millbank is a district by the River Thames, east of Pimlico. It is the location of Tate Britain and the Chelsea College of Arts. The latter institution's Rootstein Hopkins Parade Ground is a large temporary exhibition space for the work of students and established artists.[124]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
The Rescue of Andromeda, Tate Britain.jpg
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The Rescue of Andromeda Outside Tate Britain

51°29′27″N 0°07′37″W / 51.4909°N 0.1269°W / 51.4909; -0.1269
1893 Henry Charles Fehr N/A Sculptural group Grade II* (with building) A plaster model was exhibited in the Royal Academy in 1893 and cast in bronze, probably at the recommendation of Frederic, Lord Leighton. This was bought for the Tate the following year under the terms of the Chantrey Bequest. Initially displayed inside the gallery, it was moved to its present site in 1911, where the sculptor felt it was "swamped by heavy masonry".[125]
Statue of John Everett Millais by Thomas Brock.jpg
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Statue of John Everett Millais John Islip Street, rear of Tate Britain

51°29′28″N 0°07′44″W / 51.4911°N 0.1289°W / 51.4911; -0.1289
1904 Thomas Brock N/A Statue Grade II Originally stood by the entrance of the gallery. By 1961 Norman Reid, the Tate's director, considered the statue to have a "positively harmful" effect and attempted have it replaced by Rodin's sculpture of John the Baptist. In 2000 the statue was moved to the rear of the building after ownership was transferred from English Heritage to the Tate.[126]
The Death Of Dirce, Tate Britain.jpg
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The Death of Dirce Outside Tate Britain

51°29′27″N 0°07′37″W / 51.4907°N 0.127°W / 51.4907; -0.127
1906 Charles Bennett Lawes-Wittewronge N/A Sculptural group Grade II* (with building) Based on the Farnese Bull, a classical sculpture depicting the same subject. Presented to the Tate by the sculptor's widow in 1911. A second, larger version in marble is in the grounds of Rothamsted Manor, the sculptor's family estate in Hertfordshire.[127]
Two Piece Reclining Figure No.1 Sculpture By Henry Moore At 45 Millbank - London.jpg Two Piece Reclining Figure No. 1 McGregor Courtyard, Chelsea College of Arts, Atterbury Road

51°29′25″N 0°07′39″W / 51.4902°N 0.1274°W / 51.4902; -0.1274
1959 Henry Moore N/A Sculpture N/A Originally installed at the Chelsea School of Art's newly built Manresa Road campus in 1964, Moore's sculpture took up residence at the college's current location in 2010.[128]
Locking Piece - Henry Moore - - 1300464.jpg
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Locking Piece Riverside Walk Gardens

51°29′21″N 0°07′40″W / 51.4891°N 0.1278°W / 51.4891; -0.1278
1963–1964 Henry Moore N/A Sculpture N/A Unveiled 19 July 1968. Moore had never been satisfied with the setting of the piece on a multi-faceted plinth by a fountain; these features were removed and the gardens re-landscaped in 2003.[129]
Jeté by Enzo Plazzotta, left side view.jpg
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Jeté Millbank, south of Tate Britain

51°29′23″N 0°07′40″W / 51.4897°N 0.1277°W / 51.4897; -0.1277
1975 Enzo Plazzotta N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 16 July 1985. Represents the dancer David Wall making his entrance in the ballet La Bayadère.[130]
Glass canopy Chapter House, Chapter Street

51°29′28″N 0°08′02″W / 51.4912°N 0.134°W / 51.4912; -0.134
2004 Kate Maestri with Andrew Moor Associates N/A Glass canopy N/A [131]
Channel 4 building.jpg Big 4 Channel 4 headquarters, Horseferry Road

51°29′45″N 0°07′58″W / 51.4959°N 0.1329°W / 51.4959; -0.1329
2007 Freestate and Atelier One N/A Sculpture N/A Unveiled 16 October 2007, for Channel 4's 25th anniversary. The separate elements of the sculpture when seen from the right angle form the number 4, in the manner of the channel's idents. The bare steel structure was designed to be adapted by artists who would create their own "skins", thus constantly renewing the work.[132]

Search for Enlightenment at Millbank.jpg Search for Enlightenment Riverside Walk Gardens

51°29′21″N 0°07′41″W / 51.4892°N 0.128°W / 51.4892; -0.128
2011 Simon Gudgeon N/A Sculptures N/A Unveiled 9 October 2011.[133] Two large, bronze heads in profile, shallow and hollowed-out with their faces upturned to the sky. The sculptor wished to comment on "the narrowness of consciousness, the vastness of time and the transience of humanity".[134] (See also another casting above.)
Tree sculpture The Courthouse, Horseferry Road

51°29′43″N 0°07′43″W / 51.4953°N 0.1286°W / 51.4953; -0.1286
2014 Tom Price Biotecture Sculpture N/A [135]


See the list of public art in Paddington.


Pimlico is a triangular area between the River Thames and Belgravia, bounded by Vauxhall Bridge Road to the east and the railway line into Victoria Station in the west.[136]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
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Statue of William Huskisson Pimlico Gardens

51°29′08″N 0°08′00″W / 51.4856°N 0.1334°W / 51.4856; -0.1334
1836 John Gibson N/A Statue Grade II Commissioned for a site outside the Custom House in Liverpool. This was Gibson's second version of the statue originally in Huskisson's mausoleum in St James Cemetery, Liverpool (now in the Walker Art Gallery).[137] Moved to the Royal Exchange before coming to the present site in 1915.[138]
First and Second World War Memorial O-S St Saviours Church Lupus Street - - 1115263.jpg War memorial St Saviour's church, Lupus Street

51°29′19″N 0°08′08″W / 51.4885°N 0.1355°W / 51.4885; -0.1355
after 1918 ? N/A Crucifix N/A Commemorates parishioners who died in both World Wars.[139]
Obelisk, Walden House, Pimlico.JPG Obelisk Walden House c. 1930 Arnrid Johnson N/A Sculptural group N/A A three-sided sculptural group (badly weathered on two sides) of children playing, with a base depicting groups of animals in the round, all in Portland stone. The critic Kineton Parkes considered this to be Johnson's most important work.[140]
Dolphin mosaic Dolphin Square c. 1937 ? N/A Mosaic N/A This mosaic, which has been described as having an "Hellenic" appearance, was originally situated at the main entrance of the Dolphin Square development but was moved to its present location during renovation work.[141]
Pimlico station motif.JPG Spot motif Pimlico tube station platforms 1972 c. 1972 Peter Sedgley N/A Tiled pattern N/A The motif of yellow spray bursts on a white background was inspired by Sedgley's own op art painting of 1968, Go.[142]
Eduardo Paolozzi's Ventilation Tower Sculpture, Pimlico Tube Station - London.jpg
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Cooling Tower Panels Bessborough Street, Drummond Gate

51°29′21″N 0°07′59″W / 51.4892°N 0.133°W / 51.4892; -0.133
1979–1982 Eduardo Paolozzi Whitfield Partners Sculpture Grade II Paolozzi's cast iron relief panels, painted in aluminium, encase the cooling equipment for the air conditioning of Pimlico tube station. Conceived as a "pivot or 'marker'" on the route from the tube station to the Tate Gallery, it was described by the architects as "an opportunity to transform a mechanical necessity into a genuine sculpture". Commissioned by the Crown Estate Commissioners.[143]
Dolphin Fountain Dolphin Square

51°29′11″N 0°08′10″W / 51.4864°N 0.1362°W / 51.4864; -0.1362
1987 James Butler N/A Fountain with sculptural group N/A Installed to mark the 50th anniversary of the building of Dolphin Square.[141]
Thomas Cubitt Statue, Pimlico (5932644167).jpg
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Statue of Thomas Cubitt Denbigh Street

51°29′19″N 0°08′19″W / 51.4886°N 0.1387°W / 51.4886; -0.1387
1994–1995 William Fawke N/A Statue N/A The site is adjacent to that of the workshops used by Cubitt in the building of Pimlico. He is depicted with a yardstick in hand, selecting a brick to measure from underneath the tarpaulin. Another cast of the statue is in Dorking, Surrey.[144]
The Helmsman, Pimlico Gardens.jpg The Helmsman Pimlico Gardens

51°29′07″N 0°08′04″W / 51.4854°N 0.1345°W / 51.4854; -0.1345
1996 André Wallace N/A Sculpture N/A Wallace is primarily interested in subjects involving journeys or transportation. This sculpture, of a figure at the helm of a boat, was the winning entry in a competition between five artists; it was felt to reflect the area's maritime history.[145]
Sculpture on Thames side path - - 1194491.jpg River Cut Tide Riverside walk adjacent to Grosvenor Road

51°29′09″N 0°07′56″W / 51.4859°N 0.1323°W / 51.4859; -0.1323
2002 Paul Mason N/A Sculpture N/A Also nearby is a slate tablet, again by Mason, marking the site of the confluence of the river Tyburn and the Thames.[146]
Roller Skater by Andre Wallace.jpg Roller Skater Vauxhall Bridge Road

51°29′27″N 0°08′03″W / 51.4909°N 0.1343°W / 51.4909; -0.1343
2010 André Wallace N/A Sculpture N/A The artist wished to make a sculpture "that would be positive and dynamic and reflect the youth and vitality of an urban street."[147]
Shack Stack, Grosvenor Waterside.jpg
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Shack Stack Grosvenor Waterside 2010 Richard Wilson N/A Sculpture N/A A sculpture in aluminium inspired by the ramshackle nature of the sheds often found in British allotments.[148]
Bessborough Gardens and St George Wharf Tower.jpg The Queen Mother's Commemorative Fountain Bessborough Gardens

51°29′19″N 0°07′49″W / 51.4885°N 0.1304°W / 51.4885; -0.1304
1980 Peter Shepheard N/A Fountain N/A A fountain in aluminium based on a cast of a George John Vulliamy streetlamp base from the Thames Embankment featuring two sturgeon.[149][150]

Regent's Park[edit]

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

St James's / St James's Park[edit]

The aristocratic district of St James's lies to the north of St James's Park, a former hunting ground attached to St James's Palace.[151] The Mall, marking the northern boundary of the park, was transformed into a major thoroughfare in the 1900s by Aston Webb as part of the national memorial to Queen Victoria.[152] Its focal point looking west is the Victoria Memorial designed by Thomas Brock, one of several memorials set along its axis from the early 20th century onwards. To the east The Mall joins John Nash's processional route (which originally connected Carlton House to Regent's Park) at Carlton House Terrace.[153] The part of this route within St James's includes Waterloo Place, described as "one of the more dramatic pieces of town planning in London" and lined with statues and memorials mainly of a military character.[154] Elsewhere in the district, the Economist Plaza hosted changing displays of contemporary sculpture in the early 21st century; this programme came to an end in 2010 after running for over ten years.[155]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Statue of William III, St James Square.jpg
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Statue of William III St James's Square

51°30′26″N 0°08′07″W / 51.5072°N 0.1353°W / 51.5072; -0.1353
1807 John Bacon, Jr. N/A Equestrian statue Grade I Very likely to a design of the sculptor's father John Bacon, Senior, dating to 1794. The design is probably inspired by John Michael Rysbrack's equestrian statue of William III in Queen Square, Bristol.[156]
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Duke of York Column
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′54″W / 51.5063°N 0.1318°W / 51.5063; -0.1318
1829–1834 Richard Westmacott Benjamin Dean Wyatt Statue on column Grade I The Duke, in his Garter robes, stands atop an unfluted Doric column. Westmacott intended for the statue to face north towards Regent Street, but William IV, on the Duke of Wellington's advice, requested that it face the Horse Guards to the south. The column was completed in 1832 and the statue raised on 3 April 1834.[157]
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Statue of George III Cockspur Street, facing down Pall Mall

51°30′28″N 0°07′50″W / 51.5078°N 0.1305°W / 51.5078; -0.1305
1836 c. 1836 Matthew Cotes Wyatt N/A Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 3 August 1836 by the Duke of Cumberland. After the King's death in 1820 Wyatt designed an ambitious multi-figure monument, but there were too few subscriptions for the project to go ahead. Fund-raising recommenced in 1831. The statue came to be nicknamed "the Pigtail and Pump-head".[158]
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Buckingham Palace Gates Forecourt of Buckingham Palace

51°30′05″N 0°08′29″W / 51.5015°N 0.1413°W / 51.5015; -0.1413
1850–1851 (north); 1904–1908 (south); 1911 (centre) John Thomas, W. S. Frith, Walter Gilbert and Louis Weingartner Decimus Burton and Aston Webb Gates and piers with sculptural decoration Grade I Burton's gates were installed after the removal of Marble Arch, formerly the ceremonial entrance to the palace. Webb commissioned the Bromsgrove Guild to produce replicas with minor variations, which were erected on the southern side. The central gates were added at the request of George V.[159]
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The Guards Crimean War Memorial Waterloo Place

51°30′27″N 0°07′58″W / 51.5074°N 0.1327°W / 51.5074; -0.1327
1858–1862 John Bell N/A Memorial with sculpture Grade II The figures at the base of the plinth are of a Grenadier, a Fusilier and a Coldstream Guard; the crowning figure represents Honour. They are cast in bronze from cannon captured at the Siege of Sevastopol.[160]
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The Boy St James's Park

51°30′04″N 0°08′03″W / 51.5012°N 0.1341°W / 51.5012; -0.1341
1863 Charles Henry Mabey for Robert Jackson & Son N/A Drinking fountain with sculpture Grade II A marble figure of a boy naked to the waist, set on a granite plinth with marble panels. The badly worn and much vandalised sculpture was repaired in 1993 and unveiled by Douglas Hurd.[161]
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Statue of John Franklin Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5064°N 0.1322°W / 51.5064; -0.1322
1866 Matthew Noble N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 15 November 1866. Franklin is depicted in the act of announcing the discovery of the Northwest Passage to his officers and crew. At the back of the pedestal is a map of the Arctic, showing the positions of the boats and crews at the moment of Franklin's burial.[162]
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Statue of Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea Waterloo Place

51°30′26″N 0°07′58″W / 51.5073°N 0.1327°W / 51.5073; -0.1327
1867 John Henry Foley Thomas Henry Wyatt Statue Grade II Unveiled 1 June 1867 in Pall Mall. Moved to the courtyard of the War Office, Whitehall, in 1906. In 1915 it was moved to Waterloo Place to become a pendant sculpture to that of Florence Nightingale, which was given a matching plinth.[163]
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Statue of Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′54″W / 51.5067°N 0.1317°W / 51.5067; -0.1317
1867 Carlo Marochetti N/A Statue and other sculpture Grade II The statue stands on a cylindrical granite pedestal; on a lower base projecting from this is a group of Victory seated on a lion.[164] Originally intended for Horse Guards Parade, but when the pedestal was installed there the Admiralty complained that it was blocking their entrance, and the site was changed.[165]
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Statue of John Fox Burgoyne Waterloo Place

51°30′23″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5065°N 0.1323°W / 51.5065; -0.1323
1877 Joseph Edgar Boehm N/A Statue Grade II Originally intended to stand outside the War Office in Whitehall. Boehm incorporated a tiny group of Saint George and the Dragon by his pupil Alfred Gilbert at the end of Burgoyne's baton.[166]
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Statue of John Lawrence, 1st Baron Lawrence Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′54″W / 51.5066°N 0.1316°W / 51.5066; -0.1316
1885 Joseph Edgar Boehm N/A Statue Grade II A replacement for Boehm's statue of 1882, which was heavily criticised for its realism. This was presented to Lahore, where it proved equally controversial; in 1962 it was brought to Derry and erected in front of Foyle College, Lawrence's old school.[167]
Laura Lyttelton fountain, St James's, Piccadilly.JPG Laura Lyttelton Memorial Drinking Fountain Piccadilly, against churchyard wall of St James's Church after 1886 ? ? Drinking fountain Inscribed IN MEMORIAM/ LAURA LYTTELTON/ DIED/ EASTER DAY 1886[168]
Rosetta Sotheran fountain, St James's, Piccadilly.JPG Rosetta Sotheran Memorial Drinking Fountain Piccadilly, against churchyard wall of St James's Church after 1892 ? ? Drinking fountain Inscribed IN MEMORIAM/ ROSETTA SOTHERAN/ DIED/ JULY 5TH 1892[169]
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Statue of Queen Victoria Forecourt of 16 Carlton House Terrace

51°30′24″N 0°07′51″W / 51.5066°N 0.1307°W / 51.5066; -0.1307
1898–1902 c. 1898–1902 Thomas Brock N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 5 February 1902 by Lord Salisbury in the Junior Constitutional Club, Piccadilly; sold in 1940. Moved to the present site in 1971, when this building was being used as an annexe of the National Portrait Gallery.[170]
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Victoria Memorial
Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens, The Mall

51°30′07″N 0°08′26″W / 51.5019°N 0.1406°W / 51.5019; -0.1406
1901–1924 Thomas Brock N/A Memorial with sculpture Grade I Unveiled 16 May 1911 by George V. Brock was adamant that he, and not Aston Webb, was responsible for the architectural design of the memorial. Despite never having travelled to France, he produced a work that was convincingly abreast with belle époque fashion.[171]
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Royal Marines Memorial The Mall

51°30′24″N 0°07′46″W / 51.5066°N 0.1295°W / 51.5066; -0.1295
1903 Adrian Jones Thomas Graham Jackson Memorial with sculpture Grade II Unveiled 25 April 1903 by the Prince of Wales (the future George V), on a site now occupied by the Admiralty Citadel. Removed in 1940 and reinstalled on the Mall in 1948.[172]
Australia Gate pier with boy, ram and shield.png Australia Gate Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′04″N 0°08′24″W / 51.5012°N 0.1399°W / 51.5012; -0.1399
1905–1908 Francis Derwent Wood Aston Webb Piers with sculptural decoration Grade I The nude boys on the two piers hold the 1908 coat of arms of Australia; the western boy is accompanied by a kangaroo and the eastern by a Merino ram.[173]
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Canada Gate Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′09″N 0°08′29″W / 51.5025°N 0.1414°W / 51.5025; -0.1414
1905–1908 Henry Alfred Pegram Aston Webb Gates and piers with sculptural decoration Grade I The nude boys on the outermost piers hold the 1868 arms of Canada and have attributes referring to fishing and agriculture. The gates were produced by the Bromsgrove Guild.[174]
Buckingham Palace IMG 9239.JPG South Africa Gate Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

51°30′08″N 0°08′22″W / 51.5023°N 0.1395°W / 51.5023; -0.1395
1905–1908 Alfred Drury Aston Webb Piers with sculptural decoration Grade I The nude boy on the northern pier, representing South Africa, holds a shield with the arms of the Cape Colony; that on the southern, representing West Africa, holds a blank shield.[174]
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Royal Artillery Boer War Memorial The Mall

51°30′19″N 0°07′52″W / 51.5054°N 0.131°W / 51.5054; -0.131
1910 William Robert Colton Aston Webb Memorial with sculpture Grade II Unveiled 20 July 1910 by the Duke of Connaught. Colton was given the commission after Thomas Brock turned it down due to the pressure of other commitments. Few were pleased with the resulting memorial.[175]
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Statue of James Cook The Mall

51°30′23″N 0°07′45″W / 51.5063°N 0.1292°W / 51.5063; -0.1292
1914 Thomas Brock probably Aston Webb Statue Grade II Unveiled 7 July 1914 by the Duke of Connaught. The idea for the memorial was first proposed by the former Prime Minister of New South Wales, who wrote to The Times complaining of the lack of a statue to Captain Cook in London.[176]
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Statue of Florence Nightingale Waterloo Place

51°30′26″N 0°07′57″W / 51.5073°N 0.1326°W / 51.5073; -0.1326
1915 Arthur George Walker Thomas Henry Wyatt Statue Grade II Unveiled 24 February 1915. The last of a group of three memorials with a Crimean theme on Waterloo Place. The plinth is a copy of that of the statue of Lord Herbert, and is decorated with bronze reliefs of scenes from Nightingale's life.[177]
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Statue of Robert Falcon Scott Waterloo Place

51°30′25″N 0°07′55″W / 51.5069°N 0.1319°W / 51.5069; -0.1319
1915 Kathleen Scott N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 5 November 1915 by Arthur Balfour. The sculptor was Captain Scott's widow; she produced a marble replica for Christchurch, New Zealand.[178]
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Statue of Edward VII Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5067°N 0.1321°W / 51.5067; -0.1321
1921 Bertram Mackennal Edwin Lutyens Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 20 July 1921 by George V. Edward VII is depicted in Field Marshal's uniform. Stands on the site previously occupied by the equestrian statue of Lord Napier now at Queen's Gate, Kensington.[179]
Army and Navy Club War Memorial.JPG Army and Navy Club War Memorial Outside the Army and Navy Club, Pall Mall

51°30′22″N 0°08′08″W / 51.5061°N 0.1356°W / 51.5061; -0.1356
1923–1926 Basil Gotto N/A Statue N/A Originally stood in the Victorian clubhouse, which was demolished around 1962. The memorial went into storage at the Ministry of Defence. In 2001 it was returned to the club and displayed in a glass case outside its 1960s building.[180]
Statue of Mary of Nazareth, Piccadilly.jpg Mary of Nazareth Churchyard of St James's, Piccadilly

51°30′31″N 0°08′13″W / 51.5085°N 0.137°W / 51.5085; -0.137
1925 c. 1925 Charles Wheeler N/A Statue N/A The sculpture, exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1925, was offered to St James's Church by Wheeler's family after his death. It was erected on this site in 1975.[181]
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Peace Churchyard of St James's, Piccadilly

51°30′30″N 0°08′14″W / 51.5084°N 0.1373°W / 51.5084; -0.1373
1926 c. 1926 Alfred Frank Hardiman N/A Statue N/A As Hardiman died in 1949 leaving his Southwood Memorial for the churchyard unfinished, the sculptor's widow gave this earlier work to St James's as a substitute and as a memorial to her husband.[182]
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Queen Alexandra Memorial
Alexandra of Denmark
Marlborough Road

51°30′17″N 0°08′12″W / 51.5047°N 0.1368°W / 51.5047; -0.1368
1926–1932 Alfred Gilbert N/A Memorial with sculpture Grade I Unveiled 8 June 1932 by George V. Despite Gilbert's earlier disgrace with the royal family after failing to complete the Duke of Clarence's tomb, the Queen was said to have expressed a wish that he sculpt her memorial should he outlive her. Gilbert, aged 78, was knighted the day after its unveiling.[183]
Lord Curzon statue, Carlton House Terrace.jpg Statue of George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston Carlton House Terrace

51°30′22″N 0°08′00″W / 51.506°N 0.1333°W / 51.506; -0.1333
1930 Bertram Mackennal N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 20 March 1931 by Stanley Baldwin. The statue stands opposite the viceroy's former house. Mackennal had previously sculpted Curzon's tomb effigy in All Saints Church, Kedleston.[184]
Gates St James's, Piccadilly 1937 William Bainbridge Reynolds Reginald Blomfield (destroyed surround) Gates Originally with an architectural setting by Blomfield, these gates were installed to mark the coronation of George VI. They replaced the old entrance archway to St James's churchyard.[185] Blomfield's work was destroyed in 1940 and the gates are now set into post-war railings.[186]
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Memorial to Julius Salter Elias, 1st Viscount Southwood Churchyard of St James's, Piccadilly

51°30′31″N 0°08′14″W / 51.5086°N 0.1371°W / 51.5086; -0.1371
1948 Alfred Frank Hardiman Albert Richardson Memorial with sculpture Grade II At the entrance to the Garden of Remembrance financed by Southwood, a newspaper magnate. Putti on dolphins and playing musical instruments refer to his charitable work for the children's hospital at Great Ormond Street.[187]
1-4 Pickering Place 20130408 128.JPG Sundial Pickering Place before 1953 ? N/A Armillary sphere N/A [188]

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Statue of George VI Carlton House Terrace

51°30′19″N 0°08′02″W / 51.5052°N 0.1338°W / 51.5052; -0.1338
1955 William McMillan Louis de Soissons (1955)

Donald Insall (2008)

Statue Grade II Unveiled 21 October 1955 by Elizabeth II. The statue was moved forward from its original setting in 2008 to form part of a joint memorial with the King's wife, Queen Elizabeth (the Queen Mother).[189]
Memorial to Queen Mary, Marlborough Road.jpg
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Queen Mary Memorial
Mary of Teck
Junction of The Mall and Marlborough Road

51°30′17″N 0°08′08″W / 51.5046°N 0.1355°W / 51.5046; -0.1355
1967 William Reid Dick Alan Reynolds Stone (lettering) Plaque with relief sculpture N/A Unveiled 7 June 1967. The profile portrait is a bronze replica of the memorial to Queen Mary at St Mary Magdalene's church, Sandringham, Norfolk.[190]
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Memorial to Yvonne Fletcher St James's Square

51°30′28″N 0°08′06″W / 51.5077°N 0.1351°W / 51.5077; -0.1351
1985 ? N/A Stele N/A Unveiled 1 February 1985 by Margaret Thatcher. The first memorial to be erected by the Police Memorial Trust, founded in response to Fletcher's shooting during a siege of the Libyan embassy on the Square.[191]
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Statue of Charles de Gaulle Carlton Gardens

51°30′21″N 0°08′03″W / 51.5057°N 0.1342°W / 51.5057; -0.1342
1993 Angela Conner Bernrad Wiehahn Statue N/A Unveiled 23 June 1993 by the Queen Mother. De Gaulle (who requested that no statues be raised to him) gestures with his left hand towards 4 Carlton Gardens, the headquarters of the Free French from 1940.[184]
Fountain at the Economist Plaza - - 1375861.jpg Eclipse

Charles Moore, 11th Earl of Drogheda

Economist Plaza

51°30′25″N 0°08′21″W / 51.507°N 0.1392°W / 51.507; -0.1392
1996 Angela Conner N/A Fountain with sculpture N/A The memorial fountain consists of two moving discs mounted on a wall, which slowly fill up with water. In 2008 Conner voiced her displeasure with the Economist's neglect of the work's upkeep.[192]
Sculptures outside Anglo American.jpg Two Wave Form Outside Anglo American Head Office, 20 Carlton House Terrace

51°30′25″N 0°07′49″W / 51.507°N 0.1304°W / 51.507; -0.1304
1999 John Sydney Carter N/A Sculpture N/A Commissioned by Westminster City Council.[193]
The Stag by Marcus Cornish.jpg Stag St James's Square

51°30′24″N 0°08′08″W / 51.5067°N 0.1355°W / 51.5067; -0.1355
2001 Marcus Cornish N/A Statue N/A Commissioned by the developer Patrick Despard for Cleveland House, St James's Square. As the sculpture did not find favour with the building's occupants, it was presented to the trustees of the square.[194]
Beau Brummell Statue Jermyn Street.JPG
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Statue of Beau Brummell Jermyn Street

51°30′28″N 0°08′20″W / 51.5077°N 0.1389°W / 51.5077; -0.1389
2002 Irena Sedlecká N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 5 November 2002 by Princess Michael of Kent. Sedlecká originally conceived the sculpture for the Bond Street site now occupied by Lawrence Holofcener's Allies.[195]
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National Police Memorial The Mall, in front of the Admiralty Citadel

51°30′21″N 0°07′48″W / 51.5057°N 0.1301°W / 51.5057; -0.1301
2005 Per Arnoldi Foster and Partners Memorial with stele N/A Unveiled 26 April 2005 by Elizabeth II. The memorial incorporates a ventilation shaft for the London Underground, faced with black granite and containing a Roll of Honour.[196]
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Statue of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother The Mall

51°30′18″N 0°08′01″W / 51.5051°N 0.1337°W / 51.5051; -0.1337
2009 Philip Jackson (statue)
Paul Day (reliefs)
Donald Buttress, Donald Insall Memorial with statue and relief sculpture N/A Unveiled 24 February 2009 by Elizabeth II. Part of a joint memorial to the Queen Mother and her husband George VI, which incorporates William McMillan's 1955 statue of the latter.[197] A second cast of Jackson's statue was erected in Poundbury, Dorset, in 2016.[198]
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Statue of Keith Park Waterloo Place

51°30′24″N 0°07′57″W / 51.5067°N 0.1325°W / 51.5067; -0.1325
2010 Les Johnson N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 15 September 2010, on the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Britain. Previously a larger, fibreglass version of the statue was displayed on the Fourth Plinth at Trafalgar Square for six months. It is now at the Royal Air Force Museum in Hendon.[199]
Palmerston portrait plaque, Pickering Place.jpg Relief of Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston Pickering Place ? ? N/A Relief N/A [200]

St John's Wood[edit]

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.


Soho is an area first developed in the 1670s which, since the construction of theatres along Shaftesbury Avenue in the 19th century, has had a strong association with the entertainment industry.[201] In the south of the district stands Leicester Square, the public sculpture of which has had an eventful history. From 1748 the square had as its centrepiece an equestrian figure of George I, but this deteriorated and was sold off at the beginning of the following century.[202] In 1874 the square was bought by Albert Grant, a company promoter and MP, who had its gardens made over to a design by James Knowles.[203] This refurbishment saw the installation of the Shakespeare fountain and busts of four historical residents of the locale: Isaac Newton, William Hogarth, Joshua Reynolds and John Hunter. Each of these busts was positioned near the site of its subject's former home.[202] A renovation of the square carried out between 2010 and 2012 was criticised for its removal of all of the sculptures on the square except for that of Shakespeare.[204] The 1981 statue of Charlie Chaplin which had been displaced as a result of these works returned to the square in 2016.[205]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Statue of Charles II, Soho Square.jpg
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Statue of Charles II Soho Square

51°30′55″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5154°N 0.1323°W / 51.5154; -0.1323
1681 Caius Gabriel Cibber N/A Statue Grade II Originally formed the crowning element of a fountain at the centre of Soho Square. In 1875, the badly weathered statue was moved to the garden of Grim's Dyke, Harrow Weald, later the home of W. S. Gilbert. It was returned to the square in 1938, according to the wishes of Gilbert's widow.[206]
George II statue 1.jpg
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Statue of George II Golden Square

51°30′42″N 0°08′14″W / 51.5116°N 0.1372°W / 51.5116; -0.1372
1720 John Nost the Elder N/A Statue Grade II A statue of an allegorical figure in Roman costume, made for Cannons, the seat of the Duke of Chandos in Little Stanhope, Middlesex. An anonymous bidder bought the statue at the sale of the house's contents and erected it in Golden Square as "George II" on 14 March 1753.[207]
Shakespeare Statue in Leicester Square.JPG
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Statue of William Shakespeare Leicester Square

51°30′37″N 0°07′48″W / 51.5104°N 0.1301°W / 51.5104; -0.1301
1874 Giovanni Fontana after Peter Scheemakers James Knowles Fountain with statue Grade II Unveiled 3 July 1874. Based on William Kent and Scheemakers's memorial to the Bard in Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey. The scroll held by the figure of Shakespeare bears a quotation from Twelfth Night (Act 4, Scene 2): THERE IS NO DARKNESS BUT IGNORANCE[208]
Drinking fountain soho 1.jpg George Maule Allen Memorial Drinking Fountain Churchyard of St Anne's Church, Soho 1890 ? N/A Drinking fountain N/A Inscribed ERECTED IN MEMORY OF/ GEORGE MAULE ALLEN/ OF 17 CARLISLE STREET SOHO SQUARE/ BORN 4TH OCTOBER 1855/ DIED 29TH APRIL 1889/ AGED 33 YEARS[209]
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Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury
Piccadilly Circus

51°30′36″N 0°08′04″W / 51.5099°N 0.1345°W / 51.5099; -0.1345
1885–1893 Alfred Gilbert Howard Ince (consulted on design) Fountain with statue Grade I Unveiled 29 June 1893. Gilbert criticised contemporary statues for being too literal and inartistic, and chose instead to symbolise Lord Shaftesbury's philanthropy with an allegorical figure.[210] This was intended to represent Anteros or "The Angel of Christian Charity", but it became popularly identified with the Greek god's twin brother Eros.
Statue of Henry Irving, London.jpg
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Statue of Henry Irving Irving Street

51°30′35″N 0°07′42″W / 51.5097°N 0.1282°W / 51.5097; -0.1282
1910 Thomas Brock N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 5 December 1910. The street between the statue and the National Portrait Gallery, formerly Green Street, was renamed in the actor's honour in 1938. The formal gardens were laid out, with railings bearing the monogram HI, for the Festival of Britain in 1951; these were unveiled by Laurence Olivier.[211]
London, Swiss Glockenspiel -- 2016 -- 4867.jpg
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Glockenspiel Swiss Court 1968; altered 1985 and again in 2008 Fritz Fuchs ? Glockenspiel N/A A gift to the City of Westminster from the countries of Switzerland and Liechtenstein, the clock originally adorned the Swiss Centre on this street. In 2008 the site was redeveloped, and as a condition of planning approval the Glockenspiel was retained and redesigned as a freestanding clock.[212] Re-inaugurated 28 November 2011.[213][214]
Swiss-UK relations Canton Tree.jpg
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Cantonal Tree Swiss Court, off Leicester Square

51°30′37″N 0°07′53″W / 51.5104°N 0.1314°W / 51.5104; -0.1314
1977 ? N/A Wooden post with shields of the Swiss cantons attached N/A An antique inn sign, given by Switzerland in May 1977 to mark the Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II. The street was given its current name on 15 April 1991, on the 700th anniversary of the founding of the Swiss Confederation.[215]
Statue of Charlie Chaplin, Leicester Square, April 2016.JPG
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Statue of Charlie Chaplin Leicester Square 1979 John Doubleday N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 16 April 1981, the 92nd anniversary of Chaplin's birth, by Ralph Richardson. A slightly modified version was erected in Vevey, the Swiss town Chaplin made his home, the following year.[216] The London statue has been moved multiple times within Leicester Square and the vicinity; it was unveiled on its current site on 16 April 2016.[205]
Tottenham Court Road stn Northern line mosaic.JPG
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Mosaics Tottenham Court Road station 1980–1986 Eduardo Paolozzi N/A Glass mosaics N/A The mosaics on the Central line platforms are replete with references to the neighbourhood above ground, particularly its shops selling books, musical instruments and electronics, whereas those on the two Northern line platforms are abstract in design. The mosaics between the entrance and the platforms were the final part of the scheme to be completed.[217][218] 5% of the mosaics will be lost to construction work as the station is renovated for Crossrail.[219]
Stone lions on Gerrard Street, Chinatown, London (02).jpg
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Chinese lions Gerrard Street

51°30′42″N 0°07′52″W / 51.5118°N 0.1311°W / 51.5118; -0.1311
1985 ? N/A Sculptures N/A Unveiled 29 October 1985 by the Duke of Gloucester at the formal opening of Chinatown. A gift from the People's Republic of China.[220]
Noel Street mural.jpg Ode to the West Wind 17 Noel Street

51°30′53″N 0°08′13″W / 51.5148°N 0.137°W / 51.5148; -0.137
1989 Louise Vines and the London Wall Mural Group N/A Mural N/A Inspired by the eponymous poem of 1819 by Percy Bysshe Shelley, who lived around the corner in 15 Poland Street; the mutilated tree is also a reference to the Great Storm of 1987. Originally proposed in 1986 by the Soho Jazz Festival, which then abandoned the commission; it was subsequently taken up by The Soho Society.[221]
Soho Mural (20870092785).jpg
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The Spirit of Soho Broadwick Street

51°30′46″N 0°08′18″W / 51.5127°N 0.1382°W / 51.5127; -0.1382
1991 FreeForm Arts Trust N/A Mural N/A Saint Anne, as patroness of Soho, is portrayed in a dress bearing a map of the district. At her feet are gathered several former residents, including Casanova and Marx. Six smaller scenes depict forms of work and leisure characteristic of the area. Restored in 2006.[222]
Tottenham Court Road New Entrance.jpg Untitled motifs Tottenham Court Road station 2015 Daniel Buren Hawkins\Brown and Acanthus Architects Decorative motifs N/A A pattern of alternating circle and diamond shapes, 2.4m in height and diameter.[223] The first phase of the redevelopment of the station, the entrance and ticket hall on Oxford Street, opened in January 2015.[224]
Frank Pick memorial at Piccadilly Circus (30677682630).jpg
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Beauty < Immortality
Frank Pick
Piccadilly Circus tube station 2016 Langlands & Bell N/A Memorial N/A Unveiled 7 November 2016, the 75th anniversary of Pick's death.[225] A sequence of words found by the artists on a note in Pick's personal papers is inscribed with bronze letters in the Johnston typeface commissioned by him. To the right, Pick's name appears in the London Underground roundel.[226]


Victoria is roughly described as the area around Victoria station. It includes the conservation areas of Broadway and Christchurch Gardens, Grosvenor Gardens and the environs of Westminster Cathedral. Particularly noteworthy examples of architectural sculpture can be found at 55 Broadway, where in 1928–1929 sculptors including Eric Gill and Henry Moore were engaged on representations of the Four Winds; two further figures, Night and Day, were carved by Jacob Epstein.[227] A great deal of public art by recent graduates of art schools in London was incorporated into Cardinal Place, a development of 2005.[228]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
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Statue of Sir Sydney Waterlow, 1st Baronet Westminster City School, Palace Street

51°29′52″N 0°08′21″W / 51.4978°N 0.1393°W / 51.4978; -0.1393 (Statue of Sir Sydney Waterlow, 1st Baronet)
1901 Frank Mowbray Taubman N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 27 June 1901. A replica of the statue in Waterlow Park, Highgate.[229]
Westminster Cathedral tympanum.jpg Christ in Majesty with the Virgin and Saints Joseph, Peter and Edward Westminster Cathedral

51°29′46″N 0°08′23″W / 51.4962°N 0.1398°W / 51.4962; -0.1398 (Christ in Majesty with the Virgin and Saints Joseph, Peter and Edward)
1916 Robert Anning Bell John Francis Bentley Tympanum mosaic Grade I
Based on a sketch by Bentley dated to 1895–1896 and later worked up in colour by his assistant John Marshall,[230] Bell's mosaic was criticised for its background of white tiles instead of the traditional gold.[231]
The Rifle Brigade Memorial, Grosvenor Gardens, Westminster.jpg
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Rifle Brigade War Memorial Grosvenor Gardens

51°29′53″N 0°08′49″W / 51.4980°N 0.1470°W / 51.4980; -0.1470 (Rifle Brigade War Memorial)
1924–1925 John Tweed N/A Memorial with sculpture Grade II* Unveiled 25 July 1925. The rifleman in contemporary uniform in the centre is flanked by an officer (on the left) and a private in early 19th century uniform.[232]
Ferdinand Foch statue (Victoria, London).jpg
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Statue of Ferdinand Foch Grosvenor Gardens

51°29′47″N 0°08′43″W / 51.4964°N 0.1453°W / 51.4964; -0.1453 (Statue of Ferdinand Foch)
1930 Georges Malissard F. Lebret Equestrian statue Grade II* Unveiled 5 June 1930.[233] A replica of a statue erected outside Marshal Foch's headquarters in Cassel.[234] The choice of an existing work by a French sculptor caused some dissatisfaction. The site was chosen so that the statue would be seen by French visitors arriving in London at Victoria station.[235]
Blue cameo of Queen Victoria on pink background by Edward Bawden. - - 614599.jpg Cameo of Queen Victoria Victoria station, Victoria line platforms 1968 Edward Bawden after Benjamin Pearce N/A Tiled pattern N/A Bawden produced an original linocut of the Queen's profile for this scheme but it was rejected;[236] the final design is based on a silhouette by Pearce.[106]
Suffragette Memorial, Christchurch Gardens, London.jpg
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Suffragette Memorial Christchurch Gardens

51°29′54″N 0°08′05″W / 51.4982°N 0.1348°W / 51.4982; -0.1348 (Suffragette Memorial)
1970 Lorne and Edwin Russell Paul Edward Paget Sculpture N/A Unveiled 14 July 1970. A bronze scroll in the shape of the letter S balancing on a conical pedestal. Part of the inscription notes that NEARBY CAXTON HALL WAS/ HISTORICALLY ASSOCIATED/ WITH WOMEN'S SUFFRAGE/ MEETINGS & DEPUTATIONS/ TO PARLIAMENT.[237]
Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks - - 351928.jpg
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Statue of Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis Outside the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, Birdcage Walk

51°30′00″N 0°08′09″W / 51.500°N 0.1358°W / 51.500; -0.1358 (Statue of Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis)
1985 James Butler N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 9 May 1985 by the Queen Mother. Alexander had a particular affection for the old Guards Chapel (almost completely destroyed by bombing in 1944), having spent much time there as a subaltern.[238]
Chalice, 123 Buckingham Palace Road SW1.jpg Chalice 123 Buckingham Palace Road

51°29′35″N 0°08′47″W / 51.4931°N 0.1465°W / 51.4931; -0.1465 (Chalice)
1991 William Pye N/A Fountain N/A Unveiled 24 June 1991 by Lord St John of Fawsley (according to the pavement plaque). A stainless steel basin, its circumference bounded by cables suspended from above which define a cylindrical shape in the air. The idea was suggested to the sculptor by the hanging lamps in the Sultan Hassan Mosque in Cairo.[239]
The Flowering of the English Baroque, Henry Purcell, London.JPG
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The Flowering of the English Baroque
Henry Purcell
Christchurch Gardens

51°29′53″N 0°08′03″W / 51.4980°N 0.1342°W / 51.4980; -0.1342 (The Flowering of the English Baroque)
1995 Glynn Williams N/A Sculpture N/A Unveiled 22 November 1995, the tercentenary of Purcell's death, by Princess Margaret. The sculptor described the design as "a rising explosion of activity, a tree to the musical evolution of the 17th century". This was the first major sculptural commission by Westminster City Council.[240]
Public art Victoria.jpg
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Big Painting Sculpture Cardinal Place

51°29′52″N 0°08′30″W / 51.4977°N 0.1418°W / 51.4977; -0.1418 (Big Painting Sculpture)
1996–1998 Patrick Heron Julian Feary Sculpture N/A Commissioned when the complex was still known as Stag Place. Based on several gouache studies by Heron of brightly coloured floating shapes connected by linear patterns. Neon tubes light up the work at night.[241]
Lioness and Lesser Kudu, Westminster - - 1464485.jpg
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Lioness and Lesser Kudu Grosvenor Gardens

51°29′52″N 0°08′50″W / 51.4979°N 0.1473°W / 51.4979; -0.1473 (Lioness and Lesser Kudu)
1998 Jonathan Kenworthy N/A Sculptural group N/A Installed on this site in 2000; another cast already stood in the grounds of Eaton Hall, the Duke of Westminster's estate in Cheshire.[242]
DSC 1729 - panoramio.jpg
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Cypher Outside the Asticus Building, 21 Palmer Street

51°29′56″N 0°08′07″W / 51.4990°N 0.1352°W / 51.4990; -0.1352 (Cypher)
2003 Tim Morgan N/A Sculpture N/A The sculpture, commissioned by the Cass Sculpture Foundation, consists of thousands of glass rods bound together within a circular steel belt.[243]
Glass Sculpture Cardinal Place - - 1215266.jpg Stacked Glass Sculpture Cardinal Place

51°29′51″N 0°08′28″W / 51.4975°N 0.1411°W / 51.4975; -0.1411 (Stacked Glass Sculpture)
2005 Tony Burke Jane Wernick Associates (engineer) Sculpture N/A The work comprises one twisting wall of stacked green glass and another curving; these are set on a cylindrical plinth.[244]
Cathedral Walk, Cardinal Place, from above - - 1293972.jpg Route Cardinal Place

51°29′49″N 0°08′26″W / 51.4970°N 0.1406°W / 51.4970; -0.1406 (Route)
2005 Joy Gerrard N/A Panels set in pavement N/A Nine discs of varying sizes set in the pavement of the Cardinal Place development at various points in a pedestrian's route; they are inlaid with smaller coloured discs.[245]
LP4, Cardinal Place SW1.jpg LP4 Cardinal Place

51°29′52″N 0°08′29″W / 51.4978°N 0.1415°W / 51.4978; -0.1415 (LP4)
2005 Nathaniel Rackowe N/A Kinetic sculpture N/A Two slabs of oblong welded steel panels (with a gap at the top of the grid forming a "machiolation") hold in place a thin cathode light tube; the whole structure is set into a rotating turntable flush with the pavement.[246]
Statue of Queen Victoria, Victoria Square SW1.jpg Statue of Queen Victoria Victoria Square

51°29′52″N 0°08′42″W / 51.4977°N 0.1449°W / 51.4977; -0.1449 (Statue of Queen Victoria)
2008 Catherine Anne Laugel N/A Statue N/A Victoria is depicted as a young woman of 20, the age she would have been when construction on the square began.[247]
Back-lit fused glass boxes InterContinental London Westminster hotel, Broadway

51°29′58″N 0°07′59″W / 51.4994°N 0.1330°W / 51.4994; -0.1330 (Back-lit fused glass boxes)
2012 Andrew Moor Associates Dexter Moren Associates Back-lit fused glass boxes N/A [248]
Memorial to Victims of Violence, Christchurch Gardens SW1.JPG Memorial to Victims of Violence Christchurch Gardens

51°29′54″N 0°08′02″W / 51.4982°N 0.1340°W / 51.4982; -0.1340 (Memorial to Victims of Violence)
2013 (unveiled) Jim Martins N/A Commemorative stone with plaque N/A Unveiled 5 June 2013.[249][250]
Wind Sculpture by Yinka Shonibare.JPG Wind Sculpture Howick Place

51°29′48″N 0°08′14″W / 51.4968°N 0.1371°W / 51.4968; -0.1371 (Wind Sculpture)
2014 Yinka Shonibare N/A Sculpture N/A Unveiled 7 April 2014. The work simulates a piece of batik fabric (a signature material for Shonibare) billowing in the wind.[251]
Flanders Field Memorial Garden London 10.jpg
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Flanders Fields 1914–2014 Outside the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, Birdcage Walk 2014 N/A Piet Blanckaert Memorial N/A The memorial garden, a gift from Belgium, was opened on 6 November 2014 by Elizabeth II; the Belgian king Philippe was also present.[252] A low circular wall, within which is planted soil from the war cemeteries of Flanders, is inscribed with the poem "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae.[253]

Victoria Embankment[edit]

The Victoria Embankment is a road and river-walk on the north bank of the River Thames, formed from land reclaimed during the construction of Joseph Bazalgette's sewerage system in the late 19th century.[254] From 1864 a sequence of public gardens called the Victoria Embankment Gardens was created from this land. Running from north-east to south-west these are called Temple Gardens, the Main Garden, the Whitehall Garden and finally the Ministry of Defence section; the last of these was laid out in 1939–1959.[255] All four gardens contain works of commemorative sculpture and further memorials are located on the river-walk or road itself, making the Embankment one of the main sites for commemoration in London. Some of these memorials lie outside the borough's boundaries, in the City of London.[256]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
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Cleopatra's Needle
Thutmose III and Ramesses II
Adelphi Steps, near Hungerford Bridge

51°30′31″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5085°N 0.1203°W / 51.5085; -0.1203
1450 BC c. 1450 BC N/A George John Vulliamy Obelisk Grade I One of a pair of obelisks erected in Heliopolis by Thutmose III; two centuries later the inscriptions to Ramesses II were added and in 12 BC they were moved to Alexandria. Presented to Britain in 1819, but not brought to London until 1878. Its companion was re-erected in Central Park, New York, in 1881.[257]
Boudica statue, Westminster (8433726848).jpg
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Boadicea and Her Daughters
Near Westminster Pier

51°30′04″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5011°N 0.1238°W / 51.5011; -0.1238
1856–1883 Thomas Thornycroft and William Hamo Thornycroft Thomas Graham Jackson Sculptural group Grade II The elder Thornycroft's magnum opus, brought to completion by his son. The style of the figures was out of fashion by the time the group was installed here in 1902.[258]

Isambard Kingdom Brunel - Bronze - Temple - London.jpg
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Statue of Isambard Kingdom Brunel Near Temple tube station

51°30′39″N 0°06′55″W / 51.5108°N 0.1152°W / 51.5108; -0.1152
1861 c. 1861 Carlo Marochetti Richard Norman Shaw Statue Grade II Erected 1877. This and Marochetti's statue of George Stephenson outside Euston station were originally planned for Parliament Square. Shaw's masonry screen, then a complete novelty but much imitated since, may have been intended to block the tube station from view.[259]
Lion with a mooring ring.jpg Lions' heads with mooring rings Victoria Embankment, at intervals beneath lamps on the river side of the river wall 1868–1870 Timothy Butler Joseph Bazalgette and George John Vulliamy Lion's head masks Grade II The bronze masks with mooring rings were the earliest elements in the Embankment's decorative programme to be installed.[260] For the tide to rise of the level of the lions' mouths would be a sign of severe flooding, so a saying has arisen, "if the lions drink, London will sink".[261]
Lamp standard, Hungerford Bridge - - 1030576.jpg
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Dolphin lamp standards Victoria Embankment 1870 onwards Charles Henry Mabey George John Vulliamy Lamp standards with sculptural elements Grade II [262]
Statue of James Outram, Victoria Embankment Gardens.jpg
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Statue of Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′21″N 0°07′24″W / 51.5057°N 0.1234°W / 51.5057; -0.1234
1871 Matthew Noble N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 17 August 1871 by Lord Halifax. Permission for a statue to Outram in Trafalgar Square had been refused in 1861. Trophies of arms representing his Indian campaigns rest on the corners of the pedestal.[263]
Sphinx bench by Cleopatra's Needle detail 2 London.jpg
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Benches Victoria Embankment

51°30′33″N 0°07′09″W / 51.5093°N 0.1192°W / 51.5093; -0.1192
1872–1874 Lewis and George John Vulliamy N/A Benches Grade II 21 cast iron and timber benches set along the Embankment, all to a design depicting winged sphinxes in their terminal arm-brackets, except for that opposite the junction with Horseguards Avenue, which depicts seated camels instead.[264]
John Stuart Mill statue, Temple Gardens, London.jpg
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Statue of John Stuart Mill Victoria Embankment Gardens, Temple Gardens

51°30′40″N 0°06′48″W / 51.5112°N 0.1132°W / 51.5112; -0.1132
1878 Thomas Woolner N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 26 January 1878.[265] The first statue specifically designed for a site on the Embankment.[266]
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Two sphinxes Cleopatra's Needle

51°30′31″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5086°N 0.1202°W / 51.5086; -0.1202
1878 Charles Henry Mabey George John Vulliamy Statues Grade I (with obelisk) Modelled on a sphinx from the time of Thutmose III in the Duke of Northumberland's collection at Alnwick Castle.[267]
Robert Raikes Statue, Victoria Embankment Gardens - London.jpg
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Statue of Robert Raikes Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′34″N 0°07′11″W / 51.5095°N 0.1197°W / 51.5095; -0.1197
1880 Thomas Brock N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 3 July 1880 by the Earl of Shaftesbury. Replicas were made in 1929 for the 150th anniversary of the first Sunday school, established by Raikes in Gloucester; they stand in that city and in Toronto.[268]
William Tyndale statue, Victoria Embankment Gardens - left side.jpg
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Statue of William Tyndale Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′23″N 0°07′23″W / 51.5063°N 0.1231°W / 51.5063; -0.1231
1884 Joseph Edgar Boehm Edward William Godwin Statue Grade II Unveiled 7 May 1884. Erected by the British and Foreign Bible Society to commemorate their 80th anniversary, and the supposed 400th anniversary of Tyndale's birth.[269]
Statue of Robert Burns, Victoria Embankment Gardens.jpg
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Statue of Robert Burns Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′32″N 0°07′16″W / 51.5089°N 0.121°W / 51.5089; -0.121
1884 John Steell N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 26 July 1884 by Lord Rosebery. A variation on Steell's 1880 statue of Burns in Central Park, New York; other versions are in Dundee (erected 1880) and Dunedin, New Zealand (erected 1887).[270]
Henry Fawcett, Victoria Embankment, London (cropped).jpg
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Memorial to Henry Fawcett Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′33″N 0°07′14″W / 51.5091°N 0.1205°W / 51.5091; -0.1205
1886 Mary Grant and George Frampton Basil Champneys Drinking fountain with plaque Grade II Unveiled 27 July 1886. Grant produced the portrait relief and Frampton, then at an early stage in his career, provided the ornamental sculpture. The erroneous "signature" reads MARY GRANT SC/ 1896; this was added in 1897.[271]
Statue of Sir Henry Bartle Frere, 1st Baronet.jpg
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Statue of Sir Henry Bartle Frere, 1st Baronet Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′18″N 0°07′25″W / 51.5051°N 0.1236°W / 51.5051; -0.1236
1887 Thomas Brock N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 5 June 1888 by the Prince of Wales (the future Edward VII). Frere is represented in privy counsellor's uniform, with the robe and collar of a Knight Grand Commander of the Star of India and the insignia of the Order of the Bath.[272]

General Charles George Gordon statue, Embankment, London.jpg
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Statue of Charles George Gordon Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

51°30′16″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5045°N 0.1238°W / 51.5045; -0.1238
1888 William Hamo Thornycroft Alfred Waterhouse Statue Grade II Unveiled 16 October 1888 in Trafalgar Square. The pedestal was inspired by that of Le Sueur's Charles I at the southern end of the square. Thornycroft's work was removed from its original location in 1943 for the temporary display of a Lancaster bomber and re-erected on this site in 1953. A cast of 1889 is in Melbourne.[273]
William Edward Forster statue, Victoria Embankment.jpg Statue of William Edward Forster Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′41″N 0°06′44″W / 51.5113°N 0.1123°W / 51.5113; -0.1123
1889 Henry Richard Hope Pinker N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 1 August 1890. Erected outside the (now demolished) London School Board offices.[274] School boards in England and Wales had been created under "Forster's Education Act" of 1870.[275]
Joseph Bazalgette memorial, Victoria Embankment - close up view.jpg
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Memorial to Joseph Bazalgette Near Embankment Pier, facing Northumberland Avenue

51°30′23″N 0°07′20″W / 51.5064°N 0.1223°W / 51.5064; -0.1223
1901 George Blackall Simonds N/A Plaque with bust Grade II Unveiled 6 November 1901.[276] Inscribed FLVMINI VINCVLA POSVIT ("he put the river in chains"), referring to Bazalgette's construction of London's sewers, which also resulted in the creation of the Embankment.[277]
Arthur Sullivan memorial, Victoria Embankment Gardens.jpg
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Memorial to Arthur Sullivan Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′33″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5093°N 0.1203°W / 51.5093; -0.1203
1902 William Goscombe John N/A Bust on pedestal with other sculpture Grade II Unveiled 10 July 1903 by Princess Louise. Inscribed with a quotation from Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera The Yeomen of the Guard (1888), IS LIFE A BOON?/ IF SO, IT MUST BEFALL/ THAT DEATH, WHENE'ER HE CALL/ MUST CALL TOO SOON.[278]
Walter Besant plaque, Victoria Embankment, London (cropped).jpg
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Memorial to Walter Besant Near Savoy Place

51°30′35″N 0°07′07″W / 51.5096°N 0.1185°W / 51.5096; -0.1185
1902 George Frampton N/A Plaque N/A Erected 1904. A cast of an identical monument in the crypt of St Paul's Cathedral, unveiled in 1903.[279]
Norman Shaw Buildings (New Scotland Yard) 2012 03.jpg Gates Norman Shaw Buildings, Derby Gate

51°30′07″N 0°07′27″W / 51.502°N 0.1243°W / 51.502; -0.1243
1904 (erected) Reginald Blomfield (designer of gates) Richard Norman Shaw Gates Grade II* These ornate wrought-iron gates were acquired by Shaw after he saw them displayed in an exhibition of Arts and Crafts; they were installed here during the construction of his second building for the New Scotland Yard, now known as the Norman Shaw South Building.[280]
Statue of Sir Wilfrid Lawson.JPG
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Statue of Sir Wilfrid Lawson, 2nd Baronet, of Brayton Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′31″N 0°07′18″W / 51.5085°N 0.1218°W / 51.5085; -0.1218
1909 David McGill N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 20 July 1909 by H. H. Asquith. The pedestal was originally decorated with bronze statuettes representing Temperance, Charity, Fortitude and Peace; these were stolen in 1979.[281]
Memorial to William Stead, Victoria Embankment.jpg Memorial to William Thomas Stead Temple Pier

51°30′39″N 0°06′45″W / 51.5108°N 0.1126°W / 51.5108; -0.1126
1913 George Frampton N/A Plaque Grade II Unveiled 5 July 1920. Portrait relief with two small figures of Fortitude and Sympathy. A replica was unveiled in Central Park, New York, in 1921.[282]
Norman Shaw plaque (cropped).JPG Memorial to Richard Norman Shaw Norman Shaw North Building

51°30′08″N 0°07′27″W / 51.5022°N 0.1242°W / 51.5022; -0.1242
1914 William Hamo Thornycroft William Lethaby Plaque Grade I (building) Unveiled 13 July 1914. Lethaby commended Thornycroft on his posthumous likeness of Shaw: "You must have remembered much, the curled over lip and the serious smiling, saucy look are so alike..." The building is often regarded as Shaw's masterpiece.[283]
Memorial to WS Gilbert v4.jpg
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Memorial to W. S. Gilbert Near Embankment Pier

51°30′26″N 0°07′18″W / 51.5072°N 0.1216°W / 51.5072; -0.1216
1914 George Frampton N/A Plaque Grade II Unveiled 31 August 1915. Portrait relief with figures of Tragedy and Comedy; the latter contemplates a doll dressed as the Mikado. Anthony Hope, who was on the memorial committee, took credit for the epitaph HIS FOE WAS FOLLY/ AND HIS WEAPON WIT, though the exact phrasing was not his.[284]
Belgium monument Embankment London.jpg
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Anglo-Belgian Memorial Victoria Embankment, facing Cleopatra's Needle

51°30′31″N 0°07′15″W / 51.5087°N 0.1208°W / 51.5087; -0.1208
1920 Victor Rousseau with a Mr Francis Reginald Blomfield Screen with sculptural group and reliefs Grade II* Unveiled 12 October 1920. A gift from Belgium to thank Britain for her assistance in the First World War. Rousseau modelled the central bronze group and Francis, a student at the Royal College of Art, was tasked with the initial carving of the stone elements, which was finished by Rousseau.[285] A corresponding memorial is in Brussels.
Camel Corps Memorial, Victoria Embankment Gardens - front view.jpg
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Imperial Camel Corps Memorial Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′30″N 0°07′18″W / 51.5084°N 0.1216°W / 51.5084; -0.1216
1920 Cecil Brown N/A Statue on pedestal with reliefs Grade II Unveiled 22 July 1921. Major Cecil Brown, the sculptor, was himself a member of the Corps.[286]
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Royal Air Force Memorial Whitehall Steps

51°30′14″N 0°07′23″W / 51.504°N 0.1231°W / 51.504; -0.1231
1923 William Reid Dick Reginald Blomfield Pylon with sculpture Grade II* Unveiled 13 July 1923 by the Prince of Wales (the future Edward VIII). A pylon of Portland stone surmounted by a gilded eagle, perched on a globe. Commemorates RAF personnel killed in both world wars.[287]
Memorial to Samuel Plimsoll, Victoria Embankment.jpg
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Memorial to Samuel Plimsoll Victoria Embankment

51°30′19″N 0°07′24″W / 51.5053°N 0.1232°W / 51.5053; -0.1232
1929 Ferdinand Victor Blundstone N/A Bust on pedestal with other sculpture Grade II Unveiled 21 August 1929. The plinth is flanked by bronze figures of a sailor and Justice. The Plimsoll line is used as a motif on the railings on either side.[288]
Lord Cheylesmore memorial, Victoria Embankment Gardens.jpg
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Memorial to Herbert Eaton, 3rd Baron Cheylesmore Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′32″N 0°07′15″W / 51.5088°N 0.1209°W / 51.5088; -0.1209
1930 N/A Edwin Lutyens Screen Grade II Unveiled 17 July 1930. Reginald Blomfield, the architect of the Anglo-Belgian Memorial, objected to Lutyens's work being "plastered onto the back" of his own.[289]
Memorial to George V, Victoria Embankment.jpg
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King's Reach Memorial Temple Pier

51°30′39″N 0°06′42″W / 51.5109°N 0.1118°W / 51.5109; -0.1118
1936 Charles Doman Edwin Cooper Stele with plaque and sculpture N/A Unveiled 20 January 1936. Commemorates the naming of this stretch of the river after George V.[290]
Trenchard's statue on the Embankment, London.jpg
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Statue of Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

51°30′13″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5035°N 0.124°W / 51.5035; -0.124
1961 William McMillan Albert Richardson Statue Grade II Unveiled 19 July 1961 by Harold Macmillan. Richardson was an old friend of Trenchard's and offered to design the pedestal free of charge.[291]
Lord Portal's statue on the Embankment 2.jpg
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Statue of Charles Portal, 1st Viscount Portal of Hungerford Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

51°30′15″N 0°07′25″W / 51.5042°N 0.1237°W / 51.5042; -0.1237
1975 Oscar Nemon N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 21 May 1975 by Harold Macmillan. The statue is set on a triangular slate pedestal, partly intended to evoke the shape of an aerofoil. Portal gazes upwards in the direction of the RAF Memorial.[292]
Embankment station Northern motif.JPG Murals Embankment tube station, all platforms 1985 Robyn Denny Arup Associates Murals N/A This scheme won a Brunel Award for outstanding visual design in 1989.[293]
Savoy Hotel Centenary Memorial.JPG Savoy Hotel Centenary Memorial

Richard D'Oyly Carte and other chairmen and managing directors of the Savoy Hotel up to 1989

Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′34″N 0°07′12″W / 51.5095°N 0.1199°W / 51.5095; -0.1199
1989 Christopher Daniel Hugh Casson Armillary sphere and cistern N/A Inaugurated 30 March 1989. The inscriptions on the armilla include the hotel's motto ('FOR EXCELLENCE WE STRIVE') and lines from Gilbert and Sullivan's Savoy opera, Ruddigore (1887): 'EVERY SEASON HAS ITS CHEER'/ 'LIFE IS LOVELY ALL THE YEAR'.[294]
Faraday (20485632288).jpg
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Statue of Michael Faraday Savoy Place

51°30′36″N 0°07′08″W / 51.5099°N 0.1189°W / 51.5099; -0.1189
1989 John Henry Foley and Thomas Brock N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 1 November 1989. Cast of an 1874 marble sculpture in the Royal Institution, completed by Brock after Foley's death. The original gilding has worn away entirely.[295]
Chindit Memorial, London.jpg
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Chindit Memorial Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

51°30′12″N 0°07′26″W / 51.5033°N 0.124°W / 51.5033; -0.124
1990 Frank Forster David Price Statue N/A Unveiled 16 October 1990. Crowned with a bronze Chinthe or Burmese temple guardian, the Chindits' namesake. Medallions to the front and rear reproduce the force's badge and the portrait of their founder Orde Wingate.[296]
Fountain Victoria Embankment.jpg
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Lady Henry Somerset Memorial Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

51°30′40″N 0°06′45″W / 51.5112°N 0.1125°W / 51.5112; -0.1125
1991 Philomena Davidson Davis after George Edward Wade N/A Drinking fountain with statue Grade II Unveiled 29 May 1897. Wade's original sculpture for the temperance campaigner's memorial was stolen in 1971; it was replaced by Davis's replica only in 1991.[297]
Fleet Air Arm Memorial, Westminster.jpg
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Fleet Air Arm Memorial (Daedalus)
Royal Naval Air Service and Fleet Air Arm
Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

51°30′14″N 0°07′26″W / 51.504°N 0.124°W / 51.504; -0.124
2000 James Butler Trehearne and Norman Statue N/A Unveiled 1 June 2000 by the Prince of Wales. The figure of Daedalus as a modern pilot reflects on his fallen comrades. He stands atop a column which rises out of a plinth reminiscent of the prow of a ship.[298]
Part Of Battle Of Britain Memorial.jpg
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Battle of Britain Monument Victoria Embankment, near Richmond Terrace

51°30′11″N 0°07′24″W / 51.503°N 0.1234°W / 51.503; -0.1234
2005 Paul Day Tony Dyson Memorial with sculpture N/A Unveiled 18 September 2005 by the Prince of Wales. Adapted from a Victorian granite plinth which originally housed a ventilator for the Underground.[299]
Korean War Memorial, London 2014-12-19 - 21.jpg
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Korean War Memorial Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden 2014 Philip Jackson N/A Memorial with statue N/A Unveiled 3 December 2014. A statue of a British soldier stands in front of a Portland stone obelisk on a base of Welsh slate. The memorial is a gift of the Republic of Korea.[300]
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Iraq and Afghanistan Memorial Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden 2017 Paul Day N/A Memorial with sculpture N/A Unveiled 9 March 2017 by Elizabeth II.[301]


Westminster, which gives the borough its name, lies to the south-west of Charing Cross; it is the location of Westminster Abbey and the Palace of Westminster, which together with St Margaret's parish church comprise a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[302] The area's main sculptural showcase is Parliament Square, conceived in the 1860s to improve the setting of the rebuilt Houses of Parliament, to ease traffic flow and as a site for commemorating politicians of note.[303] Carlo Marochetti's statues of the engineers Robert Stephenson and Isambard Kingdom Brunel were initially considered for the square, but were rejected as not fitting in with the political theme. They were ultimately erected outside Euston station and on the Victoria Embankment.[304] The square took on its present configuration in a refurbishment of 1949–1950 by the architect George Grey Wornum, though four statues of twentieth-century figures have since been added.[305]

Another two political memorials (one of which, the Buxton Memorial Fountain, was moved by Wornum from Parliament Square) and The Burghers of Calais, a work on an historical theme by Auguste Rodin, are to be found in Victoria Tower Gardens. As the memorials therein all touch on the theme of opposition to injustice, the gardens have been described by David Adjaye, the designer of a projected national Holocaust memorial for that location, as a "park of Britain's conscience".[306]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Weather-worn statue at Westminster Abbey.jpg Saint Peter, Saint Paul, Faith and Hope formerly in College Garden, Westminster Abbey (removed for conservation, to be displayed in the Triforium by mid-2018)[307]

51°29′52″N 0°07′38″W / 51.4977°N 0.1273°W / 51.4977; -0.1273 (Saint Peter, Saint Paul, Faith and Hope)
1686 Grinling Gibbons and Artus Quellinus III N/A Statues Grade II Four marble statues from the altarpiece of the Catholic chapel at the Palace of Whitehall, commissioned by James II and designed by Christopher Wren. The altarpiece was dismantled after the Whitehall Palace fire of 1695. These fragments are in very poor condition.[308]
Statue of George Canning, Parliament Square, London.jpg
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Statue of George Canning Parliament Square

51°30′04″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5010°N 0.1277°W / 51.5010; -0.1277 (Statue of George Canning)
1832 Richard Westmacott N/A Statue Grade II Erected 2 May 1832 in New Palace Yard; in its current location since 1949. The features are based on the portrait bust of Canning by Francis Leggatt Chantrey, who was "not at all pleased with the preference shewn to Mr. Westmacott".[309]

Richard the first.jpg
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Richard Coeur de Lion
Richard I
Old Palace Yard

51°29′57″N 0°07′32″W / 51.4991°N 0.1256°W / 51.4991; -0.1256 (Richard Coeur de Lion)
1856 Carlo Marochetti N/A Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 26 October 1860. Casting of a clay model exhibited at the 1851 Great Exhibition to much acclaim; John Ruskin considered it to be "the only really interesting piece of historical sculpture we have".[310]
Westminster Scholars War Memorial - viewed from the dome on Methodist Central Hall.jpg
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Westminster Scholars War Memorial Broad Sanctuary

51°29′58″N 0°07′45″W / 51.4995°N 0.1292°W / 51.4995; -0.1292 (Westminster Scholars War Memorial)
1861 John Richard Clayton and John Birnie Philip George Gilbert Scott Column with sculpture Grade II Commemorates Lord Raglan and other ex-pupils of Westminster School who died in the Crimean War[311] and the Indian Mutiny. Sculptures represent Saint George and the Dragon, Edward the Confessor and Henry III (builders of Westminster Abbey), Elizabeth I (second founder of the school) and Queen Victoria.[312]
Buxton Memorial 50577.jpg
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Buxton Memorial Fountain

Inscribed to Buxton, Wilberforce, Clarkson, Macaulay, Brougham, Lushington, et al.

Victoria Tower Gardens

51°29′46″N 0°07′29″W / 51.4961°N 0.1248°W / 51.4961; -0.1248 (Buxton Memorial Fountain)
1865–1866 Thomas Earp (figures now lost) Samuel Sanders Teulon with Charles Buxton Drinking fountain Grade II* Erected in Parliament Square in 1865–1866. Commissioned by Charles Buxton as a memorial to his father Sir Thomas Buxton and his colleagues in the Abolitionist movement, particularly those associated with the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833. Removed in 1949 and re-erected on this site in 1957.[313]
Earl of Derby (16543860247).jpg
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Statue of Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5008°N 0.1273°W / 51.5008; -0.1273 (Statue of Edward Smith Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby)
1874 Matthew Noble N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 11 July 1874. Derby is represented wearing his robes as Chancellor of Oxford University. The bronze reliefs around the pedestal depicting scenes from his life were executed by Noble's assistant, Horace Montford.[314]
Palmerston statue Parliament Square.jpg
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Statue of Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5009°N 0.1271°W / 51.5009; -0.1271 (Statue of Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston)
1876 Thomas Woolner N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 2 February 1876. Palmerston is portrayed in middle age, before he became Prime Minister. The pedestal departs from the "Gothic" model of the nearby statues of Derby and Peel.[315]
Peel statue Parliament Square.jpg
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Statue of Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet Parliament Square

51°30′02″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5005°N 0.1273°W / 51.5005; -0.1273 (Statue of Robert Peel)
1877 (unveiled) Matthew Noble N/A Statue Grade II Initially a statue of Peel was commissioned from Carlo Marochetti. This was ready by 1853 but was considered to be far too large. Marochetti produced a smaller work which was placed at the entrance to New Palace Yard; this was removed in 1868 and melted down in 1874.[316]
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Statue of Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield Parliament Square

51°30′02″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5006°N 0.1273°W / 51.5006; -0.1273 (Statue of Benjamin Disraeli)
1883 Mario Raggi N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 19 April 1883. The statue was the "shrine" of the Primrose League, a Conservative association established in Disraeli's memory. This group had an annual tradition of leaving wreaths in front of the statue on "Primrose Day", the anniversary of the prime minister's death.[317]
The Burghers of Calais Outside The Palace of Westminster (geograph 2955137) (cropped).jpg
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The Burghers of Calais Victoria Tower Gardens

51°29′51″N 0°07′30″W / 51.4975°N 0.1249°W / 51.4975; -0.1249 (The Burghers of Calais)
1884–1889 Auguste Rodin Eric Gill (lettering) Sculptural group Grade I Unveiled 19 July 1915. The National Art Collections Fund bought the cast in 1910. Rodin wanted the group situated "near the statue of William the Conqueror" (sic) but eventually agreed on a site in Victoria Tower Gardens.[318] The work was relocated and given its current pedestal in 2004.[319]
Oliver Cromwell statue Parliament Square.jpg
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Statue of Oliver Cromwell New Palace Yard

51°30′00″N 0°07′33″W / 51.4999°N 0.1259°W / 51.4999; -0.1259 (Statue of Oliver Cromwell)
1899 William Hamo Thornycroft N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 18 November 1899.[320] The decision to erect a statue to Cromwell was controversial; the Irish Nationalist Party forced the withdrawal of public funds to pay for the statue. Instead an anonymous donor, rumoured to be Lord Rosebery, paid for the work.[321]
War Memorial outside St Johns Smith Square - - 1182066.jpg War memorial Churchyard of St John's, Smith Square, facing Dean Stanley Street

51°29′46″N 0°07′36″W / 51.4960°N 0.1268°W / 51.4960; -0.1268 (St John's, Smith Square War Memorial)
after 1918 ? N/A Cross N/A Commemorates the 120 parishioners of the church who died in World War I.[322]

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Statue of Abraham Lincoln Parliament Square

51°30′02″N 0°07′40″W / 51.5006°N 0.1278°W / 51.5006; -0.1278 (Statue of Abraham Lincoln)
1920 (unveiled) Augustus Saint-Gaudens McKim, Mead & White Statue Grade II Unveiled July 1920. A replica of the statue of Lincoln in Lincoln Park, Chicago. Initially the statue was to be erected in 1914, but this was postponed until 1917. By that time some favoured an alternative statue by George Grey Barnard; this was eventually erected in Manchester.[323]
Victoria Tower Gardens, Nanny goat and kid sculpture (left).JPG Drinking fountain with two groups of a nanny goat and kid Victoria Tower Gardens

51°29′42″N 0°07′29″W / 51.4951°N 0.1248°W / 51.4951; -0.1248 (Drinking fountain with two groups of a nanny goat and kid)
1923 Miss Harris assisted by Charles Sargeant Jagger N/A Drinking fountain with sculptural groups N/A Given by Henry Gage Spicer, the director of a paper firm, for the poor children of the area who used the Gardens as a playground. The extent of "Miss Harris's" involvement in the art deco sculptures is questionable.[324]
Emmeline Pankhurst statue on podium Victoria Tower Gardens.jpg
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Memorial to Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst Victoria Tower Gardens

51°29′52″N 0°07′31″W / 51.4979°N 0.1253°W / 51.4979; -0.1253 (Memorial to Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst)
1930 Arthur George Walker Herbert Baker Statue with side screens and piers Grade II The statue of Emmeline Pankhurst was unveiled on 6 March 1930 by Stanley Baldwin and moved to its present site in 1956. The stone screens were added in 1959 as a memorial to her daughter. Two bronze plaques show, on the right, a portrait medallion of Christabel Pankhurst and, on the left, the design on the WSPU prisoners' badge.[325]
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Statue of George V Old Palace Yard

51°29′56″N 0°07′35″W / 51.4990°N 0.1263°W / 51.4990; -0.1263 (Statue of George V)
1947 (unveiled) William Reid Dick Giles Gilbert Scott Statue Grade II Unveiled 22 October 1947 by George VI. Completion of the statue was delayed by the outbreak of the Second World War; the statue was stored at the quarry in Portland for the duration of the conflict.[326]
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Statue of Jan Smuts Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′37″W / 51.5009°N 0.1269°W / 51.5009; -0.1269 (Statue of Jan Smuts)
1956 Jacob Epstein possibly Charles Holden Statue Grade II Unveiled 7 November 1956. Winston Churchill, on his return to power in 1951, wished to erect a statue to Smuts; he was, however, unable to perform the unveiling due to illness. The pedestal is of granite from South Africa.[324]
Knife Edge Two Piece - Henry Moore.jpg
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Knife Edge Two Piece 1962–65 Abingdon Street Gardens (College Green)

51°29′53″N 0°07′34″W / 51.4980°N 0.1260°W / 51.4980; -0.1260 (Knife Edge Two Piece 1962–65)
1962–1965 Henry Moore N/A Sculpture Grade II* Unveiled 1 November 1967. A gift by Henry Moore and the Contemporary Art Society.[327] Over the years the work's condition deteriorated because its legal owner was unknown.[328] The House of Commons accepted ownership of the sculpture in 2011; it is now part of the Parliamentary Art Collection.[329]
Winston Churchill statue, Parliament Square, London (cropped).JPG
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Statue of Winston Churchill Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′35″W / 51.5008°N 0.1265°W / 51.5008; -0.1265 (Statue of Winston Churchill)
1973 Ivor Roberts-Jones N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 1 November 1973 by Clementine, Lady Spencer-Churchill. Churchill indicated his desire for a statue of himself in this spot during Wornum's reconfiguration of Parliament Square. An early version of the statue was felt to bear too close a resemblance to Benito Mussolini and had to be modified.[330]
Crucifixion College Garden, Westminster Abbey 1974 Enzo Plazzotta N/A Sculptural group N/A A group depicting the crucified Christ with the Good and Bad Thieves, donated to the Dean and Chapter of Westminster Abbey in 1993.[331]
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Jubilee Fountain

Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II

New Palace Yard

51°30′02″N 0°07′31″W / 51.5005°N 0.1252°W / 51.5005; -0.1252 (Jubilee Fountain)
1977 Walenty Pytel N/A Fountain with sculpture N/A Unveiled 4 May 1977 by Elizabeth II. The two tiers of animals represent the continents: on the lower tier are a lion for Africa, a unicorn for Europe and a tiger for Asia, on the upper an eagle for the Americas, a kangaroo for Australia and a penguin for Antarctica.[332]
Westminster Abbey 19 2012-07-03.jpg Memorial to Innocent Victims of Oppression, Violence and War Broad Sanctuary

51°29′59″N 0°07′43″W / 51.4996°N 0.1286°W / 51.4996; -0.1286 (Memorial to Innocent Victims of Oppression, Violence and War)
1996 ? N/A Plaque in pavement N/A Unveiled 10 October 1996 by Elizabeth II.[333]
Golden Jubilee Sundial, Old Palace Yard.jpg Golden Jubilee Sundial

Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II

Old Palace Yard

51°29′56″N 0°07′34″W / 51.4990°N 0.1261°W / 51.4990; -0.1261 (Golden Jubilee Sundial)
2002 Quentin Newark (of Atelier Works) Incisive Lettering (lettering) Analemmatic sundial in pavement N/A Parliament's gift to the Queen on her Golden Jubilee.[334] The inscription around the rim is from Henry VI, Part 3: To carve out dials quaintly, point by point, thereby to see the minutes how they run: how many makes the hour full complete, how many hours brings about the day, how many days will finish up the year, how many years a mortal man may live.[335]
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Statue of Nelson Mandela Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′35″W / 51.5008°N 0.1265°W / 51.5008; -0.1265 (Statue of Nelson Mandela)
2007 Ian Walters N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 29 August 2007. Westminster City Council had earlier refused permission for placing the statue in Trafalgar Square adjacent to South Africa House.[336] On a visit to London in 1961, Mandela had joked that one day his statue would replace that of Jan Smuts; they now both have statues in Parliament Square.[337]
Statue of David Lloyd George, Parliament Square.jpg
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Statue of David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor Parliament Square

51°30′03″N 0°07′36″W / 51.5008°N 0.1267°W / 51.5008; -0.1267 (Statue of David Lloyd George)
2007 (unveiled) Glynn Williams N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 25 October 2007 by the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall. The bronze figure stands on a plinth of slate from Penrhyn Quarry, North Wales.[338]
Part of Lines for The Supreme Court outside Middlesex Guildhall, London, UK - 20130629-04.JPG
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Lines for the Supreme Court Outside the Supreme Court at Middlesex Guildhall 2009 ? N/A Inscription on curved wall N/A The complete text of a poem by the Poet Laureate, Andrew Motion, which he also read out at the Supreme Court's opening ceremony.[339]
Queen Liz (14124899477).jpg Statue of Elizabeth I Little Dean's Yard 2010 Matthew Spender N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 21 May 2010. Commemorates the 450th anniversary of the founding of Westminster School by Elizabeth I. The sculptor (the son of the poet Stephen Spender) is an old boy of the school.[340]
William Vincent plaque (29740754102).jpg Memorial to William Vincent Vincent Square 2010 Karen Newman N/A Plaque with relief sculpture N/A Commissioned by the Vincent Square Residents Association to mark the bicentenary of the square's creation as playing fields for Westminster School, of which Dean Vincent was headmaster. Based on a portrait by William Owen and inscribed ELOQUERE PUER ELOQUERE ("speak out, boy, speak out"), an oft-heard utterance of the Dean's.[341]
Fruit sculptures Abbey Orchard Estate courtyard

51°29′52″N 0°07′52″W / 51.4978°N 0.1311°W / 51.4978; -0.1311 (Fruit sculptures)
2012 Sarah Staton N/A Sculptures N/A Gigantic sculptures of English fruit, made to appear as if they have fallen from the plane trees nearby.[342] The scheme won the UK Landscape Award for Artworks in 2012.[343]
Statue of Mahatma Gandhi, Parliament Square wider view.jpg
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Statue of Mahatma Gandhi Parliament Square

51°30′02″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5006°N 0.1272°W / 51.5006; -0.1272 (Statue of Mahatma Gandhi)
2015 Philip Jackson N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 14 March 2015, on the centenary of Gandhi's return to India from South Africa. The statue is based on a photograph of Gandhi at 10 Downing Street, from a 1931 visit to London in which he met Ramsay MacDonald.[344]
Millicent Fawcett Statue unveiling06 (cropped).jpg
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Statue of Millicent Fawcett Parliament Square 2018 Gillian Wearing N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 24 April 2018. Commissioned as part of commemorations of the centenary of the Representation of the People Act 1918.[345]


Whitehall, a street that takes its name from the royal palace destroyed in 1698, is the ceremonial route linking Trafalgar Square with the Palace of Westminster and is lined with government buildings.[346] It is also at the centre of the highest concentration of memorials in the City of Westminster, in which 47% of the total number of such works in the borough are located.[347] The wider area of Whitehall also includes Horse Guards Parade, another important ceremonial space, and Horse Guards Road, which forms its western boundary with St James's Park. The area's monuments are predominantly military in character, foremost among them being the Cenotaph, which is the focal point of the national Remembrance Sunday commemorations held each year.[348]

Image Title / subject Location and
Date Artist / designer Architect / other Type Designation Notes
Cádiz Memorial, London.jpg
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Memorial to the Siege of Cádiz Horse Guards Road

51°30′15″N 0°07′38″W / 51.5042°N 0.1273°W / 51.5042; -0.1273
1814 (base) Robert Shipster N/A Memorial Grade II Unveiled 12 August 1816.[349] A French mortar from the siege, presented by Spain in thanks for Wellington's lifting of the siege. The mortar is mounted on a figure of the mythological monster Geryon and (at the back) his two-headed dog Orthrus.[350] The support was made by the Carriage Department of the Royal Arsenal to Shipster's design.[351]
Duke of Cambridge statue Whitehall.jpg
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Statue of Prince George, Duke of Cambridge Whitehall, opposite the Old War Office Building

51°30′19″N 0°07′36″W / 51.5052°N 0.1266°W / 51.5052; -0.1266
1907 Adrian Jones John Belcher Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 15 June 1907.[352] Jones was appointed a Member of the Royal Victorian Order for this work.[353] In 2012 the sword was broken off by a man who had stripped naked and mounted the statue in what was described as a "psychotic episode".[354]
Statue of the Duke of Devonshire in Whitehall (cropped).jpg
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Statue of Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire Junction of Horse Guards Avenue and Whitehall

51°30′17″N 0°07′34″W / 51.5048°N 0.1262°W / 51.5048; -0.1262
1909–1910 Herbert Hampton Howard Ince Statue Grade II Unveiled 14 February 1911. The statue of the Duke in his Garter robes stands on a pedestal of Darley Dale stone. Edward VII, as a close friend of the Duke, took a personal interest in the memorial, asking Hampton to bring the modello to Buckingham Palace for his inspection.[355]
Statue of Robert Clive, King Charles Street, London.jpg
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Statue of Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive King Charles Street, facing Horse Guards Road

51°30′08″N 0°07′45″W / 51.5023°N 0.1292°W / 51.5023; -0.1292
1912 John Tweed George Somers Clarke Statue Grade II Erected 1912 in the gardens of Gwydyr House; moved to present site in 1916. The statue was the brainchild of Lord Curzon, who felt that Clive had been insufficiently honoured for his role in establishing the British Empire in India. A marble version was also created for erection in Calcutta.[356]
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Cenotaph Whitehall

51°30′10″N 0°07′34″W / 51.5027°N 0.1261°W / 51.5027; -0.1261
1920 Francis Derwent Wood Edwin Lutyens Memorial Grade I Unveiled 11 November (Armistice Day) 1920 by George V. Lutyens's temporary cenotaph in wood and plaster, designed and built in two weeks in July 1919, proved so popular that this permanent version of the same design was erected the following year. It commemorates the dead of both world wars.[357]
Statue of Viscount Wolseley, London.jpg
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Statue of Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley Horse Guards Road

51°30′18″N 0°07′39″W / 51.505°N 0.1275°W / 51.505; -0.1275
1920 William Goscombe John Richard Allison Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 25 June 1920 by the Duke of Connaught. Goscombe John was awarded this commission on the strength of his equestrian bronze of Lord Tredegar in Cathays Park, Cardiff. Trafalgar Square was initially considered as the location for this statue. It was stored for safekeeping at Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, between 1941 and 1949.[358]
Statue of the Earl Roberts, London.jpg
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Statue of Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts Horse Guards Road

51°30′16″N 0°07′39″W / 51.5045°N 0.1274°W / 51.5045; -0.1274
1924 Henry Poole after Harry Bates Richard Allison Equestrian statue Grade II Unveiled 30 May 1924 by the Duke of Connaught.[359] A scaled-down replica of Bates's 30-foot high bronze of Lord Roberts, erected in Calcutta in 1896. Another, earlier replica by Poole is in Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow.[360]
London, UK (August 2014) - 147.JPG
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Royal Naval Division War Memorial Horse Guards Road

51°30′19″N 0°07′44″W / 51.5054°N 0.129°W / 51.5054; -0.129
1925 Eric Broadbent and F. J. Wilcoxson Edwin Lutyens Fountain with obelisk Grade II* Unveiled 25 April 1925 by Winston Churchill.[361] Inscribed with words from the poem "1914. III. The Dead" by Rupert Brooke, who served in the RND.[362] Put into storage 1939, re-erected outside the Old Royal Naval College at Greenwich in 1959, and returned to its original site in 2003.[361]
Statue of the Earl Kitchener, London - closeup.jpg
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Statue of Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener Horse Guards Road

51°30′14″N 0°07′41″W / 51.5039°N 0.128°W / 51.5039; -0.128
1926 John Tweed N/A Statue Grade II Unveiled 9 June 1926 by the Prince of Wales (the future Edward VIII).[363] Set against a stone screen abutting the garden wall of 10 Downing Street.[364] A larger national memorial to Kitchener, the tomb designed by William Reid Dick, had been erected in St Paul's Cathedral the previous year.[363]
Guards Division War Memorial.jpg
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Guards Division War Memorial Horse Guards Parade

51°30′16″N 0°07′46″W / 51.5045°N 0.1295°W / 51.5045; -0.1295
1926 Gilbert Ledward H. Chalton Bradshaw Memorial with sculpture Grade I Unveiled 16 October 1926. The bronze figures represent five individual soldiers from the Grenadier, Coldstream, Scots, Irish and Welsh Guards; they were cast from captured German guns. After it sustained bomb damage in the Blitz, Ledward asked that some of the "honourable scars of war" be left on the memorial.[365]
Earl Haig Memorial, Whitehall, London.jpg
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Statue of Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig Whitehall

51°30′15″N 0°07′35″W / 51.5043°N 0.1263°W / 51.5043; -0.1263
1937 Alfred Frank Hardiman Stephen Rowland Pierce Equestrian statue Grade II* Unveiled 10 November 1937. The statue aroused great controversy, comparable even with the reaction to Epstein's early works. The depiction of the horse was deemed to be unnatural; Country Life noted that its legs were in the position for urinating.[366]
Bernard Montgomery Statue, Whitehall, London.jpg
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Statue of Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein Whitehall, outside the Ministry of Defence

51°30′12″N 0°07′33″W / 51.5034°N 0.1258°W / 51.5034; -0.1258
1980 Oscar Nemon N/A Statue N/A Unveiled 6 June 1980 by the Queen Mother. The texture of the lower parts of the statue was achieved by mixing old plaster from the studio floor with fresh plaster at the modelling stage. Another cast stands in Brussels,[367] at a traffic intersection called Montgomery Square.
Statue of Lord Mountbatten (29378962570) (cropped).jpg
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Statue of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma Mountbatten Green, off Horse Guards Road

51°30′13″N 0°07′43″W / 51.5036°N 0.1287°W / 51.5036; -0.1287
1983 Franta Belsky Charles Pollard (Lettering by David Kindersley) Statue N/A Unveiled 2 November 1983 by Elizabeth II. The statue stands on a pedestal at the centre of a low stepped pyramid, a scheme much reduced in ambition from Belsky's competition-winning design which included fountains representing the four seas. The financial constraints and "a very restrictive brief" resulted in a finished work which dissatisfied the sculptor.[368]
Field Marshal The Viscount Slim.jpg
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Statue of William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim Whitehall, outside the Ministry of Defence

51°30′14″N 0°07′33″W / 51.5038°N 0.1259°W / 51.5038; -0.1259
1990 Ivor Roberts-Jones David Kindersley (lettering) Statue N/A Unveiled 28 April 1990 by Elizabeth II. Roberts-Jones had fought in the Burma Campaign of World War II, in which Slim was a commander.[369]
Statue of Lord Alanbrooke (8281927746).jpg
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Statue of Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke Whitehall, outside the Ministry of Defence

51°30′13″N 0°07′33″W / 51.5036°N 0.1258°W / 51.5036; -0.1258
1993 Ivor Roberts-Jones David Kindersley (lettering) Statue N/A Unveiled 25 May 1993 by Elizabeth II. For the installation of this, the last of the statues of Field Marshals on what was formerly called Raleigh Green, the area was re-configured by the landscape architects RMJM and the statue of Sir Walter Raleigh removed to Greenwich.[370]
Gurkha Soldier Monument, London - April 2008.jpg
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Memorial to the Brigade of Gurkhas Horse Guards Avenue

51°30′18″N 0°07′30″W / 51.5051°N 0.125°W / 51.5051; -0.125
1997 Philip Jackson after Richard Reginald Goulden Cecil Denny Highton Statue N/A Unveiled 3 December 1997 by Elizabeth II. Modelled on a 1924 sculpture by Goulden in the Foreign Office. The Hong Kong Handover transferred the Gurkhas' headquarters to the United Kingdom, which until that point had no memorial to the brigade.[371]
Royal Tank Regiment Memorial, Whitehall Place, London.jpg
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Royal Tank Regiment Memorial Whitehall Court

51°30′22″N 0°07′28″W / 51.5061°N 0.1244°W / 51.5061; -0.1244
2000 Vivien Mallock after George Henry Paulin Christopher Rainsford for HOK International Sculptural group N/A Unveiled 13 June 2000 by Elizabeth II. The group depicts the five-man crew of a World War II-era Comet tank; it is an enlarged version of Paulin's statuette of 1953 in the Tank Museum, Bovington, Dorset. Mallock's husband had been an officer in the RTR in the 1960s.[372]
UK-2014-London-Monument to the Women of World War II (1).jpg
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Monument to the Women of World War II Whitehall

51°30′13″N 0°07′34″W / 51.5035°N 0.1262°W / 51.5035; -0.1262
2005 John W. Mills Giles Quarme Plinth with reliefs N/A Unveiled 9 July 2005 by Elizabeth II. Around the plinth are reliefs of servicewomen's clothing and protective costumes, appearing as if they have been hung up at the end of a working day.[373]
Bali bombing memorial in London, Horse Guard Road.JPG
More images
Memorial to the 2002 Bali bombings Horse Guards Road, rear of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office

51°30′09″N 0°07′47″W / 51.5024°N 0.1296°W / 51.5024; -0.1296
2006 Martin Cook Gary Breeze Memorial N/A Unveiled 12 October 2006, the fourth anniversary of the bombings, by the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall. The memorial consists of a granite globe carved with 202 doves for each of the individuals killed in the bombings, and a wall inscribed with their names.[374]

Artworks in series[edit]

In addition to the works listed above, the City of Westminster has several artworks which are part of large series scattered over a wide area. As they are too numerous to be listed individually, they are discussed here.

In 1997 the artist Rick Buckley began attaching plaster casts of his own nose to buildings in London as a comment on the increasing presence of CCTV cameras across the city. His actions were not publicised until 2011, by which time a number of urban myths concerning the noses had arisen. One of these told of the "Seven Noses of Soho" (though there were more than seven such installations, and they were not confined to Soho), which would bring "infinite wealth" to any person able to find every one.[375]

In 2013 Mark Wallinger, an artist associated with the YBA movement, was invited to produce an artwork to mark the 150th anniversary of the London Underground. He devised a scheme in which panels with designs of labyrinths in vitreous enamel were installed on all 270 Underground stations.[376] The works are numbered according to the order in which their stations were visited in a particular record-breaking journey of 2009, which took in every station on the network.[377] In all there 32 works in the series in the City of Westminster, one for every station except Paddington, where there are two panels.[378]

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