List of purpose-built capitals of country subdivisions

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City Capital of Notes
Subdivision Country
La Plata  Buenos Aires Province  Argentina from 1882, moved from Buenos Aires
Neuquén Neuquén Province  Argentina from 1904, moved from Chos Malal
Adelaide  South Australia  Australia founded 1836
Perth  Western Australia  Australia founded in 1829 as the capital of the Swan River Colony, which, several years later, was enlarged and renamed Western Australia
Goiânia  Goiás  Brazil from 1933, moved from Goiás Velho
Belo Horizonte  Minas Gerais  Brazil founded 1897, moved from Ouro Preto
Chandigarh Punjab and Haryana  India from 1947, because partition of India placed Punjab's capital, Lahore, in Pakistan; Haryana created out of part of Indian Punjab in 1966 and shares capital
Changwon South Gyeongsang  South Korea from 1983, moved from Busan
Columbia  South Carolina  United States from 1790, moved from Charleston
Columbus  Ohio  United States from 1816, moved from Chillicothe
Gandhinagar Gujarat  India founded 1960 upon split of Bombay State into two states
Indianapolis  Indiana  United States from 1825, moved from Corydon
Jackson  Mississippi  United States from 1821, moved from Natchez
Jefferson City  Missouri  United States from 1826, moved from St. Charles
Zhongxing New Village Taiwan Province  Republic of China from 1956, moved from Taipei City. Not recognized by People's Republic of China, which still mark Taipei as capital (or not mark any capital) of its Taiwan Province on all its maps.
Lansing  Michigan  United States from 1847, moved from Detroit
Lelystad  Flevoland  Netherlands founded 1967, the province consists almost entirely of reclaimed land
Madison  Wisconsin  United States founded 1836, capital moved from Burlington, now part of Iowa in 1837
Magas  Ingushetia  Russia from 2002, moved from Nazran
Milledgeville  Georgia (U.S. state)  United States from 1807, moved from Louisville; briefly moved to Macon in 1864, then back; moved to Atlanta in 1868
Molave Zamboanga  Philippines from 1948, moved from Dipolog; ceased to be the capital after the division of the province into Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur in 1952
Palayan  Nueva Ecija  Philippines from 1965, moved from Cabanatuan; Cabanatuan retains the old provincial capitol and is still used by the provincial government
Palmas  Tocantins  Brazil founded 1990 as capital of the new state of Tocantins, formed in 1988 from part of the state of Goiás
Pierre  South Dakota  United States from 1889 when the Dakota Territory divided into North and South Dakota and gained statehood, moved from then territorial capital Bismarck, North Dakota which, by default, became state capital of North Dakota. Previous territorial capital before Bismarck was Yankton, South Dakota from 1861-1883.
Raleigh  North Carolina  United States from 1794, moved from New Bern
Salt Lake City  Utah  United States founded in 1847; de facto capital of Utah prior to 1856 and de jure capital since.
Sapporo  Hokkaidō  Japan from the early 1870s, moved from Hakodate
Savannah  Georgia (U.S. state)  United States founded 1733 as capital of new Georgia colony; remained capital until 1777 and was briefly again in 1782 and 1784-6
Shah Alam  Selangor  Malaysia from 1978, moved from Kuala Lumpur when the latter became a Federal Territory
Tallahassee  Florida  United States from 1824, from the capitals of the colonies of East Florida and West Florida Pensacola and St. Augustine
Teresina  Piauí  Brazil from 1852, moved from Oeiras
Trece Martires  Cavite  Philippines from 1954, moved from Cavite City; still the seat of the provincial government despite the capital having transferred to Imus.
Victoria  British Columbia  Canada nearby Fort Victoria had existed earlier, but in 1849 the town was specifically laid out to be the capital of the new Colony of Vancouver Island; became capital of United Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia in 1866 when united with the mainland; remained capital after British Columbia became Canadian province in 1871

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