||From 1991, moved from Lagos in order to provide a capital city that was a mix of the three major ethnic groups, the Yoruba, Igbo, and Hausa-Fulani. Other reasons include more central geographic location and to avoid overcrowded Lagos.
||Ayutthaya Kingdom (Thailand)
||Victorious Abbasid rulers wanted their own capital to rule from. Choosing a site north of the defeated Sassanid's capital of Ctesiphon (and also just north of where ancient Babylon once stood), on 30 July 762, the caliph Al-Mansur commissioned the construction of the city.
|| British Honduras now Belize
||From 1970, moved from Belize City after 1961's Hurricane Hattie caused extensive damage to the city.
||From 1960, moved from Rio de Janeiro because of overcrowding, to encourage inland growth, to make the location of the capital more regionally neutral as laid out in the Brazilian constitution in 1891, and to avoid the vulnerability to attacks by sea.
||Moved from James Town to Bridgetown in 1628, due to better topography for a finer shipping harbour.
||Designed by Chicago, Illinois architects Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin. The site was selected as a compromise between rivals Sydney, New South Wales and Melbourne, Victoria, Australia's two biggest cities. It is situated in the Australian Capital Territory, found in south-east New South Wales. One of the reasons that the government wanted an inland capital city was that Sydney and Melbourne were both susceptible to sea attacks. Canberra means "Meeting Place" in the Ngunnawal language of the local Ngabri indigenous aborigines.
||Established by Constantine the Great to be a capital for the eastern empire, with the fall of Rome to the Barbarians, it became the only capital of the empire. Established on the site of Byzantium, the new city almost entirely replaced the old one.
||From 694, moved from Asuka; moved to Nara in 710
||From 1964, moved from Mahikeng, South Africa when Botswana became an independent country
||From 1967, moved from Karachi, declared Capital in 1974. Development in Pakistan was for long time focused on the colonial centre of Karachi, and President Ayub Khan wanted it to be equally distributed. Moreover, Karachi was located at one end of the country, making it vulnerable to attacks from the Arabian Sea. A capital which was easily accessible from all parts of the country was needed. The newly selected location of Islamabad was closer to army headquarters in Rawalpindi and the disputed territory of Kashmir in the North.
||Baden-Durlach (a German state)
||From 1715, moved from Durlach; became capital of unified Baden in 1771; remained capital of state of Baden after joining unified Germany in 1871; ceased being capital in 1945
||From 794, moved from Nagaokakyō; moved to Tokyo around 1868 (see article capital of Japan)
|| Viceroyalty of Peru
||From 1535. Cusco was the capital of the precedent Inca Empire and when Spanish took control of the empire Lima was founded to function as capital. Francisco Pizarro founded Lima at the sea due to advantages of being closer contacts with Panama and the rest of the Spanish Empire and more protected from the war-torn highlands of Peru.
||From 1859. Built in 1857–1859 by King Mindon, it was the last royal capital of the Burmese Kingdom. The site was chosen in accordance to a supposed prophecy by the Buddha. Mandalay is now the second largest city in Myanmar.
||From 2005, moved from Yangon to have their military government more centrally located geographically and "to keep an eye" on rebel groups forming and training for coups in the jungles and away from the political activities of Yangon
||From 1912, moved from Calcutta; note that the neighboring city of Delhi already existed and had previously served as the capital of the Mughal Empire
||From 2006, moved from Koror
||From 1958, moved from Saint-Louis, Senegal
|| Federated States of Micronesia
||From 1989, moved from Kolonia
||Moved from Aigai due to more fertile land and suitable location for a port, connected to the sea by a navigable inlet.
||From 2002, the administrative branch moved from Kuala Lumpur. However, Kuala Lumpur remains the official capital.
||From 1948, moved from Manila; returned to Manila in 1976
||From 1712, moved from Moscow; returned to Moscow in 1918
||From 1571, moved from Birgu; the new city was built on the Sciberras Peninsula between 1566 and 1571 and was named after Grandmaster Jean Parisot de Valette.
|| United States
||From 1800, moved from Philadelphia