List of pusher aircraft by configuration

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A pusher aircraft is a type of aircraft using propellers placed behind the engines and may be classified according to engine/propeller location and drive as well as the lifting surfaces layout (conventional or 3 surface, canard, joined wing, tailless and rotorcraft), Some aircraft have a Push-pull configuration with both tractor and pusher engines. The list includes these even if the pusher engine is just added to a conventional layout (engines inside the wings or above the wing for example).

Conventional and three surface layouts[edit]

The conventional layout of an aircraft has wings ahead of the empennage.

Direct drive[edit]

Prop ahead of tail[edit]

Between booms or frames[edit]
Coaxially on rear fuselage[edit]
Nacelle above fuselage[edit]
Below tail boom[edit]
Above tailboom, behind fuselage[edit]

Propeller behind the tail[edit]

Lateral behind wing[edit]

Lateral nacelles[edit]

Engines and props behind the pilot[edit]

Remote drive[edit]

Propeller ahead of tail[edit]

Within airframe[edit]
Behind wing[edit]

Inside tail[edit]

Behind tail[edit]

Propeller above fuselage[edit]

Canard and tandem layouts[edit]

A canard is an aircraft with a smaller wing ahead of the main wing. A tandem layout has both front and rear wings of similar dimensions.

Remote engine mounting[edit]

Direct drive[edit]

Tailless aircraft, flying wings and closed wing[edit]

Tailless aircraft lack a horizontal stabilizer, flying wings lack a distinct fuselage, with crew, engines, and payload contained within the wing structure.

Rotorcraft[edit]

Push-pull aircraft[edit]

Sides of fuselage[edit]

Above fuselage[edit]

Extremities[edit]

On nose and between booms[edit]

On wings and between booms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ see Ambrosini SS.4#Development
  2. ^ Extension shaft on aft engine. The tractor engine only used during take-off and climb

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Aircraft N455CB, ACAPELLA
  2. ^ Air-Britain:Aero Dynamics Sparrow Hawk Mk.II
  3. ^ Ord-Hume, Arthur (August 1975). "(article)". Aeroplane Monthly. pp. 415–419. 
  4. ^ Photos & History: HFL Flugzeugbau Stratos 300
  5. ^ French Voisin III bomber
  6. ^ Propeller spins with motor around tail boom
  7. ^ a b RFB Rhein Flugzeugbau
  8. ^ http://1000aircraftphotos.com/Contributions/4043.htm Boeing Canada A-213 Totem
  9. ^ http://www.caea.info/fr/coll/lutin.php
  10. ^ a b Janowski Aircraft
  11. ^ Fk History
  12. ^ id=XtQDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA124&lpg=PA124&dq=C.G.+Taylor+bird&source=bl&ots=leeqnBYZ08&sig=pSwZ2pG1LrSD0piy8dOiNdRQVOg&hl=fr&ei=R8ieTuH-G7HN4QTAsdXgCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&sqi=2&ved=0CD4Q6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=C.G.%20Taylor%20bird&f=false Popular Mechanics
  13. ^ Technoflug Piccolo GOQ
  14. ^ Air Quest Nova 21
  15. ^ Google search
  16. ^ CBA 123 Vector photos on Airliners.net
  17. ^ J2mcL Planeurs - Fiche planeur n° 3047
  18. ^ Rhein Flugzeugbau RW 3 - Sportflugzeug
  19. ^ Megone biplane
  20. ^ Airliners.net
  21. ^ Aerocar mini-IMP
  22. ^ Flight 1941,[page needed]
  23. ^ a b FLYING MACHINES - Langley Aerodrome No. 5
  24. ^ "Les avions de chasse russes et soviétiques 1915-1950", Herbert Léonard, Editions Heimdal 1995, page 31
  25. ^ "The Brothers Kasianenko"
  26. ^ [1]
  27. ^ Flashback to 1981: A Look Back at the Lear Fan | Flying Magazine
  28. ^ http://www.aerofiles.com/lock-dipper.jpg
  29. ^ Miller-Bohannon JM-2 Pushy Galore
  30. ^ Paulhan, Tatin Aero-Torpille
  31. ^ VmaxProbe
  32. ^ Alternative Engines, Volume1, Mick Myal
  33. ^ E-Racer in Stargazer database
  34. ^ Julian Wolkovitch AC A Industries, Inc., "The Joined Wing: An Overview" (PDF), Journal of Aircraft: 176–177 
  35. ^ Horten Nurflugels
  36. ^ Ligeti Stratos History (archived)
  37. ^ "New Triangle Plane Is Tailless", December 1931, Popular Science article and photo of Delta I at bottom of page 65
  38. ^ Rohr 2-175
  39. ^ Image from nuricom.de
  40. ^ Bridgman, Leonard (1952). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1948. London: Sampson, Low, Marston and Co. Ltd. p. 159c-160c.
  41. ^ url=http://www.histaviation.com/Dornier_Do_S.html accessdate=Feb 2016
  42. ^ Giorgio Bignozzi e Roberto Gentilli, AEROPLANI S.I.A.I. 1915-1935" - Edizioni Aeronautiche Italiane S.r.l.
  43. ^ url=http://www.aerofiles.com/_sik.html accessdate=Feb 2016
  44. ^ Star Kraft SK-700
  45. ^ [2]

Bibliography[edit]