List of quantum-mechanical systems with analytical solutions
Much insight in quantum mechanics can be gained from understanding the solutions to the time-dependent non-relativistic Schrödinger equation in an appropriate configuration space. In vector Cartesian coordinates , the equation takes the form
in which is the wavefunction of the system, H is the Hamiltonian operator, and T and V are the operators for the kinetic energy and potential energy, respectively. (Common forms of these operators appear in the square brackets.) The quantity t is the time. Stationary states of this equation are found by solving the eigenvalue-eigenfunction (time-independent) form of the Schrödinger equation,
or any equivalent formulation of this equation in a different coordinate system other than Cartesian coordinates. For example, systems with spherical symmetry are simplified when expressed with spherical coordinates. Very often, only numerical solutions to the Schrödinger equation can be found for a given physical system and its associated potential energy. Fortunately, there exists a subset of physical systems for which the form of the eigenfunctions and their associated energies can be found. These quantum-mechanical systems with analytical solutions are listed below.
- The two-state quantum system (the simplest quantum system that can exist)
- The free particle
- The delta potential
- The Double well Dirac delta potential
- The particle in a box / infinite potential well
- The finite potential well
- The One-dimensional triangular potential
- The particle in a ring or ring wave guide
- The particle in a spherically symmetric potential
- The quantum harmonic oscillator
- The quantum harmonic oscillator with an applied linear field
- The hydrogen atom or hydrogen-like atom e.g. positronium
- The hydrogen atom in a spherical cavity with Dirichlet boundary conditions
- The Hydrogen Molecular ion (Solutions in terms of generalized Lambert W function)
- The particle in a one-dimensional lattice (periodic potential)
- The Morse potential
- The step potential
- The linear rigid rotor
- The symmetric top
- The Hooke's atom
- The Spherium atom
- Zero range interaction in a harmonic trap
- The Quantum pendulum
- The Rectangular potential barrier
- The Pöschl-Teller potential
- The Inverse square root potential
- The Lambert-W step-potential
- Multistate Landau–Zener Models
- List of quantum-mechanical potentials – a list of physically relevant potentials without regard to analytic solubility
- List of integrable models
-  Hodgson, M.J.P., 2016. Electrons in model nanostructures (Doctoral dissertation, University of York) pages 122-124.
- T.C. Scott and Wenxing Zhang, Efficient hybrid-symbolic methods for quantum mechanical calculations, Comput. Phys. Commun. 191, pp. 221-234, 2015 .
- Busch, Thomas (1998). "Two Cold Atoms in a Harmonic Trap". Foundations of Physics. 27 (4): 549–559. doi:10.1023/A:1018705520999.
- Ishkhanyan, A. M. (2015). "Exact solution of the Schrödinger equation for the inverse square root potential ". Europhysics Letters. 112 (1): 10006. arXiv: . doi:10.1209/0295-5075/112/10006.
- N. A. Sinitsyn; V. Y. Chernyak (2017). "The Quest for Solvable Multistate Landau-Zener Models". arXiv: [quant-ph].