List of railway artillery

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BL 9.2 inch (233 mm) Railway Gun c 1900

Railway guns were large guns and howitzers mounted on and fired from specially constructed railway cars. They have been obsolete since World War II and have been superseded by tactical surface-to-surface missile launchers and bomber aircraft.

Caliber (mm) Weapon name Country of origin Period
149.1 15 cm SK "Nathan"  German Empire World War I
149.3 15 cm K (E)  Nazi Germany World War II
164 Canon de 164 mm Modèle 1893  France World War I
172.6 17 cm SK L/40 i.R.L. auf Eisenbahnwagen "Samuel"  German Empire World War I
173 17 cm K (E)  Nazi Germany World War II
180 TM-1-180  Soviet Union World War II
194 Obusier de 194 mm Modèle 1875/76  France World War I
194 Canon de 194 mm Modèle 1870/93  France World War I
203 20.3 cm K (E)  Nazi Germany World War II
203 8-inch M1888 gun  United States World War I, World War II
203 8-inch Mk. VI railway gun (aka M3A2)  United States World War II
209.3 21 cm SK "Peter Adalbert"  German Empire World War I
210 21 cm K12 (E)  Nazi Germany World War II
233 BL 9.2 inch Railway Gun  United Kingdom World War I, World War II
238 24 cm SK L/30 "Theodor Otto"  German Empire World War I
238 24 cm SK L/40 "Theodor Karl"  German Empire World War I
238 24 cm Theodor Kanone (E)  Nazi Germany World War II
238 24 cm Theodor Bruno Kanone (E)  Nazi Germany World War II
240 Mortier de 240 Mle 1876  France World War I
240 Canon de 240 L Mle 1884  France World War I
240 Canon de 240 Mle 1903  France World War I - World War II
240 Type 90 240 mm railway gun  Japan World War II
274 Mortier de 274 Mle 1870/81  France World War I
274 Canon de 274 Mle 1893/96  France World War I
283 28 cm SK L/40 "Bruno"  German Empire World War I
283 28 cm K L/40 "Kurfürst"  German Empire World War I
283 28 cm schwere Bruno Kanone (E)  Nazi Germany World War II
283 28 cm K5 railway gun  Nazi Germany World War II
293 Mortier de 293 Modèle 1914/15  France World War I - World War II
305 Canon de 305 mm Modèle 1893/96 gun  France World War I - World War II
305 BL 12 inch Mk IX Railway Gun  United Kingdom World War I
305 BL 12 inch Railway Howitzer Mk I, III, V  United Kingdom World War I, World War II
305 TM-3-12  Soviet Union World War II - 1991
305 12-inch coast defense mortar  United States World War I, World War II
320 Mortier de 320 Mle 1870/93  France World War I - World War II
340 340mm/35 Modèle 1893 gun  France World War I
340 340mm/45 Modèle 1912 gun  France World War I - World War II
343 BL 13.5 inch Railway Gun  United Kingdom World War II
356 BL 14 inch Railway Gun  United Kingdom World War I
356 USN 14 inch/50 Railway Gun  United States World War I
356 14-inch M1920 railway gun  United States 1920s - World War II
370 Mortier de 370 mm Modèle 1887  France World War I - World War II
380 38 cm SK L/45 "Max"  German Empire World War I
380 38 cm Siegfried K (E)  Nazi Germany World War II
381 381/40 AVS  Italy World War I
400 Obusier de 400 mm Mle 15/16  France World War I - World War II
457 BL 18 inch railway howitzer  United Kingdom World War II
520 Obusier de 520 modèle 1916  France World War I - World War II
800 80 cm Dora  Nazi Germany World War II
800 80 cm Schwerer Gustav  Nazi Germany World War II

Notes and references[edit]

Hogg, Ian V. (1998). Allied Artillery of World War I. Ramsbury, Wiltshire, UK: The Crowood Press, Ltd. pp. 113–148. ISBN 1-86126-104-7.