List of rampage killers (school massacres)

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This section of the list of rampage killers contains those cases that occurred at kindergartens, schools and universities, as well as their affiliated buildings. If the perpetrator was a member of the school staff and the victims primarily his colleagues, the case is not included here, but it is added to the list of rampage workplace killings.

A rampage killer has been defined as follows:

A rampage involves the (attempted) killing of multiple persons least partly in public space by a single physically present perpetrator using (potentially) deadly weapons in a single event without any cooling-off period.[1]

This list should contain every case with at least one of the following features:

  • Rampage killings with 6 or more dead
  • Rampage killings with at least 4 people killed and least ten victims overall (dead plus injured)
  • Rampage killings with at least 2 people killed and least 12 victims overall (dead plus injured)
  • An incidence of rampage killing shall not be included in this list if it does not include at least two people killed.
  • In all cases the perpetrator is not counted among those killed or injured.

All abbreviations used in the table are explained below.

Rampage killers[edit]

Perpetrator Date Year Location Country Killed Injured W Additional Notes Ref.
1. Kehoe, Andrew Philip, 55[n 1] May 18 1927 Bath Township, Michigan U.S.
44
58
FME Committed suicide
Also killed numerous animals
2. Cho, Seung-Hui, 23
(조승희)
April 16 2007 Blacksburg, Virginia U.S.
32
17
F Committed suicide
3. Lanza, Adam Peter, 20[n 1] Dec. 14 2012 Newtown, Connecticut U.S.
27
2
F Committed suicide
4. Cruz, Nikolas Jacob, 19 (suspect) Feb. 14 2018 Parkland, Florida U.S.
17
17
F Arrested
5. Hamilton, Thomas Watt, 43 March 13 1996 Dunblane U.K.
17
15
F Committed suicide
6. Steinhäuser, Robert, 19 April 26 2002 Erfurt Germany
16
1
F Committed suicide
7. Whitman, Charles Joseph, 25[n 1] Aug. 1 1966 Austin, Texas U.S.
15
32
FM Killed by police
Killed an unborn child
One of the injured died in 2001; attributed to this event
8. Kretschmer, Tim, 17 March 11 2009 Winnenden and Wendlingen Germany
15
9
F Committed suicide
9. Lépine, Marc, 25 Dec. 6 1989 Montreal, Quebec Canada
14
14
FM Committed suicide
10. Harris, Eric David, 18
Klebold, Dylan Bennet, 17
April 20 1999 Columbine, Colorado U.S.
13
21
F E Both committed suicide
11. Menezes de Oliveira, Wellington, 23 April 7 2011 Rio de Janeiro Brazil
12
22
F Committed suicide
12. Gadirov, Farda, 28 April 30 2009 Baku Azerbaijan
12
13
F Committed suicide
One more died by jumping out of a window
13. Bai Ningyang, 18
(白宁阳)
May 8 2006 Shiguan China
12
5
 MA Sentenced to death and executed
14. Seifert, Willi Walter, 42 June 11 1964 Volkhoven Germany (West)
10
22
FM Committed suicide
15. Pagourtzis, Dimitrios, 17 (suspect) May 18 2018 Santa Fe, Texas U.S.
10
13
F Arrested
16. Saari, Matti Juhani, 22 Sep. 23 2008 Kauhajoki Finland
10
1
F A Committed suicide
17. Wu Huanming, 47
(吴焕明)
May 12 2010 Linchang China
9
11
 M Committed suicide
18. Zhao Zewei, 28
(赵泽伟)
April 27 2018 Yulin China
9
10
 M Sentenced to death [2]
19. Harper-Mercer, Christopher Sean, 26 Oct. 1 2015 Roseburg, Oregon U.S.
9
8
F Committed suicide
20. Weise, Jeffrey James, 16[n 1] March 21 2005 Red Lake, Minnesota U.S.
9
5
F Committed suicide
21. Yan Yanming, 21
(闫彦明)
Nov. 26 2004 Ruzhou China
9
3
 M Sentenced to death and executed [3]
22. Takuma, Mamoru, 37
(宅間 守)
June 8 2001 Ikeda, Osaka Japan
8
15
 M Sentenced to death and executed
23. Ala Hisham Abu Dheim, 26
(علاء هاشم أبو دهيم)
March 6 2008 Jerusalem Israel
8
11
F Killed by soldiers
24. Zheng Minsheng, 41
(郑明生)
March 23 2010 Nanping China
8
5
 M Sentenced to death and executed [4]
25. Auvinen, Pekka-Eric, 18 Nov. 7 2007 Jokela Finland
8
1
F A Committed suicide
26. U Win-maung March 26 1975 Burma
7
5
 M Killed by police [5]
27. Wang Xiangjun April 1 1996 Meitian China
7
5
 M Arrested [6]
28. Goh, One L., 43 April 2 2012 Oakland, California U.S.
7
3
F Sentenced to life imprisonment
29. Lee Chi Hang, 28[n 1]
(李志衡)
June 3 1982 Sham Shui Po Hong Kong
6
37
 M Found not guilty by reason of insanity
30. Mohammed Ahmad Misleh al-Nazari, 48 March 30 1997 Sana'a Yemen
6
12
F Sentenced to death and executed [7]
31. Donchev, Branimir, 17 Dec. 24 1974 Durvenitsa Bulgaria
6
10
F Arrested [8]
32. Fedorenko, Anatoly
(Федоренко, Анатолий)
May 19 1977 Leningrad Soviet Union
6
2
F Sentenced to death and executed [9]
33. Lepnev, Sergei, 18
(Лепнев, Сергей)
March 9 1997 Kamyshin Russia
6
2
F Sentenced to death, later changed to life imprisonment,
later changed to 25 years in prison
[10]
34. Purdy, Patrick Edward, 24 Jan. 17 1989 Stockton, California U.S.
5
32
F A Committed suicide
35. Mohammed Fathi Farhat, 17
(محمد فتحي فرحات)
March 7 2002 Atzmona Gaza Strip
5
23
F E Killed by soldiers [11]
36. Kazmierczak, Steven Phillip, 27 Feb. 14 2008 DeKalb, Illinois U.S.
5
17
F Committed suicide
37. Charva, Karel, 34 June 3 1983 Eppstein Germany (West)
5
14
F Committed suicide [12]
38. Golden, Andrew Douglas, 11
Johnson, Mitchell Scott, 13
March 24 1998 Jonesboro, Arkansas U.S.
5
10
F Both were imprisoned until their 21st birthday
39. Roberts, Charles Carl, 32 Oct. 2 2006 Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania U.S.
5
5
F Committed suicide
40. Kinkel, Kipland Philip, 15[n 1] May 20/21 1998 Springfield, Oregon U.S.
4
25
F Sentenced to 111 years in prison [13]
41. Schmidt, Heinz Jakob Friedrich Ernst, 29 June 20 1913 Bremen Germany
4
21
F Found not guilty by reason of insanity
One more died trying to escape
42. Liu Hongwen, 28
(刘洪文)
Sep. 30 2004 Linwu County China
4
12
 M Found not guilty by reason of insanity [14]
43. De Gelder, Kim, 20 Jan. 16/23 2009 Vrasene and Sint-Gillis-bij-Dendermonde Belgium
4
12
 M Sentenced to life imprisonment
44. Houston, Eric Christopher, 20 May 1 1992 Olivehurst, California U.S.
4
10
F Sentenced to death
45. Unknown, 17[n 1] Jan. 22 2016 La Loche, Saskatchewan Canada
4
7
F Sentenced to life imprisonment
46. Fang Jiantang, 26
(方建堂)
Aug. 3 2010 Zibo China
3–5
6–20
 M Sentenced to death and executed [15]
47. Wu Yechang, 25
(吴业昌)
Sep. 21 2012 Pingnan County China
3
13
 M Arrested [16]
48. Barbaro, Anthony F., 17 Dec. 30 1974 Olean, New York U.S.
3
11
F E Committed suicide while awaiting trial
49. Lawrynowicz, Stanislaw, 22
Obrapalski, Janusz, 21
May 6 1925 Wilno Poland
3
9
F E Both committed suicide
50. Unknown, 21 Nov. 13 1971 Guatemala City Guatemala
2
15
 M Arrested [17]
51. Lu Xiaoxi, 25
(吕晓喜)
Aug. 25 1998 Jiudian China
2
15
 M Sentenced to death [18]
52. Parker, Gabe, 15 (suspect) Jan. 23 2018 Draffenville, Kentucky U.S.
2
14
F Arrested
53. Kausler, Robert, 27 Dec. 21 1972 Erlangen Germany (West)
2
13
F A Perished in the fire [19]
54. Slobodian, Michael Peter, 16 May 28 1975 Brampton, Ontario Canada
2
13
F Committed suicide
55. Williams, Charles Andrew, 15 March 5 2001 Santee, California U.S.
2
13
F Sentenced to 50 years to life imprisonment
56. Mitchell, Tyrone, 28 Feb. 24 1984 Los Angeles, California U.S.
2
12
F Committed suicide [20]

Abbreviations and footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g At least one of the victims was a relative of the assailant.

The W-column gives a basic description of the weapons used in the murders

F – Firearms and other ranged weapons, especially rifles and handguns, but also bows and crossbows, grenade launchers, flamethrowers, or slingshot
M – Melee weapons, like knives, swords, spears, machetes, axes, clubs, rods, rocks, or bare hands
O – Any other weapons, such as bombs, hand grenades, Molotov cocktails, poison and poisonous gas, as well as vehicle and arson attacks
A – indicates that an arson attack was the only other weapon used
V – indicates that a vehicle was the only other weapon used
E – indicates that explosives of any sort were the only other weapon used
P – indicates that an anaesthetising or deadly substance of any kind was the only other weapon used (includes poisonous gas)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seeger, Thorsten (ed.) School Shootings: International Research, Case Studies, and Concepts for Prevention; Springer, 2012.
  2. ^ https://www.cbsnews.com/news/china-stabbing-7-students-killed-at-middle-school-shaanxi/
  3. ^ Man held over China school deaths, BBC (November 26, 2002)
    Neunfacher Kindermörder hingerichtet, Spiegel Online (January 20, 2005)
  4. ^ Man stabs, kills 8 children at Chinese school, Associated Press (March 23, 2010)
    Man stabs, kills 8 children outside school in China, Los Angeles Times (March 23, 2010)
    Man kills eight children at east China school, suspect arrested, Xinhua (March 23, 2010)
    福建一小学突发惨剧,一男子持刀行凶致小学生8死5伤, sina.com.cn (March 24, 2010)
  5. ^ Un directeur d'école tue 7 de ses élèves, L'Impartial (March 27, 1973)
    – Knife-wielding principal kills 7 Burmese pupils, wounds 5 others, The Dover Times-Reporter (March 26, 1975)
  6. ^ Children stabbed, The Straits Times (April 7, 1996)
    Fusillade dans une école en Allemagne : 16 morts, dont le tireur, Ouest-France (March 11, 2009)
    Quadro dos piores massacres nos últimos 15 anos Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine., abril.com (March 11, 2009)
    1989年至2000年大事记, news.eyizhang.com (2012-10-28)
  7. ^ Yemen Executes Killer of Six, The Washington Post (April 6, 1997)
  8. ^ Berserk Youth Kills 6 at Hostel, Los Angeles Times (December 27, 1974)
    – Student runs amok, kills six, Cedar Rapids Gazette (December 27, 1974)
  9. ^ [1] (Page 188-190)
  10. ^ Police arrest cadet suspected of shooting dead six at military training college, Interfax (March 9, 1997)
    Курсант расстрелял восемь сослуживцев, Kommersant (March 9, 1997)
    За что расстреляли шестерых курсантов? Archived 2012-03-15 at the Wayback Machine., rodgor.ru (April 22, 2009)
  11. ^ Mideast Turmoil: The Scene; Arab Child Of Uprising Grew Up Into Gunman, The New York Times (March 9, 2002)
    In Growing Numbers, Palestinian Boys Are Choosing the Brief Life of a 'Martyr', Los Angeles Times (June 10, 2002)
    Terrorist kills five in Atzmona. Hamas claims midnight Gaza attack Archived 2011-08-16 at the Wayback Machine., Jerusalem Post (March 8, 2002)
  12. ^ 19 Jahre nach Schul-Amoklauf Archived 2013-02-12 at Archive.is, Deutsche Presse-Agentur (April 30, 2002)
    West German police describe Czech gunman as smart and loner, Philadelphia Inquirer (June 6, 1983)
  13. ^ Oregon families trying to make sense of killing, Rome News-Tribune (May 22, 1998)
    A difficult first day back, Charlotte Observer (May 27, 1998)
    Wjo is Kip Kinkel?: Timeline, Frontline (June 24, 2007)
  14. ^ 湖南小学老师校园内行凶 砍死4学童砍伤16师生, Xinhua (October 7, 2004)
    Teacher killing 4 students declared schizophrenic, China Daily (November 11, 2004)
    Four killed in teacher's meat cleaver attack, Independenz Online (October 7, 2004)
  15. ^ Four dead in China kindergarten attack, CNN (August 4, 2010)
    China school attack kills at least three children, BBC News (August 4, 2010)
    4 Believed Dead in China School Attack, The New York Times (August 4, 2010)
    At least three dead in knife attack on China school, AFP (August 4, 2010)
    Man detained after three die in E China kindergarten attack, Xinhua (August 4, 2010)
    山东淄博杀童血案凶手被捕 嫌犯是律师, The Epoch Times (August 6, 2010)
    山東幼兒園血案 律師:兇手非律師 Archived 2010-08-15 at the Wayback Machine., The Epoch Times (August 11, 2010)
    In China, school attacks expose divides, The Hindu (September 26, 2010)
  16. ^ 3 children killed in nursery rampage, People's Daily (September 22, 2012)
    Suicide-attempting child killer blames frustration for attack, China Daily (September 22, 2012)
    广西平南县"9.21"故意杀人案 致3人死亡13人受伤, Sohu (September 22, 2012)
  17. ^ Student amok kills two, The Straits Times (November 15, 1971)
    – Machete slayings, Des Moines Register (November 15, 1971)
  18. ^ Ex-soldier runs amok in school Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine., The Standard (October 5, 1998)
    – Chinese ex-soldier slashes 23 in school rampage, Reuters (October 4, 1998)
    教师持刀杀学生案, edulawonline.com
    优秀教师血洗校园, 66163.com
  19. ^ Five die as jilted students runs amuck in Bavaria, The Times (December 22, 1972)
    Student lief amok, Hamburger Abendblatt (December 21, 1972)
    Verschmähte Liebe kostete drei jungen Menschen das Leben, Hamburger Abendblatt (December 22, 1972)
  20. ^ Jonestown specter haunted sniper, Mohave Daily Miner (February 26, 1984)
    Mystery sniper sprays LA schoolyard, The Courier (February 26, 1984)
    Sniper kills 1, wounds 12 at L.A. school playground, St. Petersburg Times (February 25, 1984)
    School sniper victim dies, Oxnard Press-Courier (April 15, 1984)