List of rampage killers (religious, political, or ethnic crimes)

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This section of the list of rampage killers contains mass murders, committed by lone wolf perpetrators, that have a foremost religious, political or racial background.

A rampage killer has been defined as follows:

A rampage involves the (attempted) killing of multiple persons least partly in public space by a single physically present perpetrator using (potentially) deadly weapons in a single event without any cooling-off period.[1]

This list should contain every case with at least one of the following features:

  • Rampage killings with 6 or more dead
  • Rampage killings with at least 4 people killed and least ten victims overall (dead plus injured)
  • Rampage killings with at least 2 people killed and least 12 victims overall (dead plus injured)
  • An incidence of rampage killing shall not be included in this list if it does not include at least two people killed.
  • In all cases the perpetrator(s) are not counted among those killed or injured.

All abbreviations used in the table are explained below.

Rampage killers[edit]

Perpetrator Date Year Location Country Killed Injured W Additional notes Ref.
1. Unknown December 4 1977 Tanjung Kupang Malaysia Malaysia
99
0
F V Died in the crash
2. Lahouaiej-Bouhlel, Mohamed Salmene, 31 July 14 2016 Nice France France
86
458
F V Killed by police
3. Breivik, Anders Behring, 32 July 22 2011 Oslo & Utøya Norway Norway
75
241
F E Sentenced to 21 years in prison
Two more died trying to escape
4. Tarrant, Brenton Harrison, 28 (suspect) March 15 2019 Christchurch New Zealand New Zealand
51
49
F Arrested
5. Mateen, Omar Mir Seddique, 29 June 12 2016 Orlando, Florida United States United States
49
53
F Killed by police
6. Yacoubi, Seifeddine Rezgui, 22
(سيف الدين رزقي اليعقوبي)
June 26 2015 Sousse Tunisia Tunisia
38
39
F E Killed by police
7. Morral Roca, Mateu, 25 May 31/June 2 1906 Madrid Spain Spain
30
100+
F E Committed suicide
8. Two unknown men August 24 2010 Mogadishu Somalia Somalia
30
5+
F E Both committed suicide
9. Abbas al-Baqir Abbas, 33
(عباس الباقر عباس)
Dec. 8 2000 Jarafa Sudan Sudan
22
31
F Killed by police
10. Crusius, Patrick Wood, 21 (suspect) Aug 3 2019 El Paso, Texas United States United States
22
24
F Arrested
11. Two unknown men November 20 2015 Bamako Mali Mali
20
7–9
F E Both killed by soldiers
12. Fieschi, Giuseppe Marco, 44 July 28 1835 Paris France France
18
22
F Sentenced to death and executed
Also killed a horse
13. Farook, Syed Rizwan, 28
Malik, Tashfeen, 29
Dec. 2 2015 San Bernardino, California United States United States
14
24
F Both killed by police
14. Lardanchet, Jean-Pierre, 36
Friedli, André, 39
Dec. 15/16 1995 Vercors France France
14
0
FMO Both committed suicide
15. Amri, Anis Ben Othman, 24
(أنيس العامري)
Dec. 19/23 2016 Berlin
Milan
Germany Germany
Italy Italy
12
57
FMV Killed by police
16. Kouachi, Saïd, 34
Kouachi, Chérif, 32
January 7 2015 Paris France France
12
11
F Both killed by police
17. Unknown Dec. 29 2017 Cairo Egypt Egypt
11
10
F Arrested
Suspected of other attacks
18. Bowers, Robert Gregory, 46 (suspect) Oct 27 2018 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania United States United States
11
6
F Arrested
19. Essex, Mark James Robert, 23 Dec. 31 /
January 7
1972
1973
New Orleans, Louisiana United States United States
9
13
F A Killed by police
20. Sonboly, David, 18 July 22 2016 Munich Germany Germany
9
4
F Committed suicide
21. Roof, Dylann Storm, 21 June 17 2015 Charleston, South Carolina United States United States
9
1
F Sentenced to death
22. Unknown July 11 1988 Cruise ship City of Poros Greece Greece
8
98
F E Committed suicide
23. Strydom, Barend Hendrik, 23 November 8/15 1988 De Deur & Pretoria South Africa South Africa
8
16
F Sentenced to death plus 30 years [2]
24. Suleiman Mohammed Abdul-Hamid Khater, 24
(سليمان خاطر)
Oct. 5 1985 Ras Burqa Egypt Egypt
8
4
F Sentenced to life imprisonment [3]
25. Unknown[n 1] 1924 Drew, Mississippi United States United States
7–8
?
F Unsolved [4]
26. Merah, Mohammed, 23 March 11–22 2012 Toulouse & Montauban France France
7
6
F Killed by police
27. Smith, Roland James, 51 Dec 8 1995 New York City, New York United States United States
7
4
F A Committed suicide
28. Ferguson, Colin, 35 Dec 7 1993 Garden City, New York United States United States
6
19
F Sentenced to 315 years and eight months to life imprisonment
29. Bissonnette, Alexandre, 27 January 29 2017 Quebec City, Quebec Canada Canada
6
19
F Sentenced to life imprisonment
30. Two unknown men Dec. 14 1998 Peć Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
6
15
F Unsolved
31. Two unknown men June 18 1994 Loughinisland, Northern Ireland United Kingdom United Kingdom
6
5
F Unsolved
32. Page, Wade Michael, 40 August 5 2012 Oak Creek, Wisconsin United States United States
6
4
F Committed suicide
33. Two unknown men July 2 1976 Antrim, Northern Ireland United Kingdom United Kingdom
6
3
F Unsolved
34. Tsarnaev, Dzhokhar Anzorovich, 19
Tsarnaev, Tamerlan Anzorovich, 26
April 15–19 2013 Boston, Cambridge, &
Watertown, Massachusetts
United States United States
5
280
FME Dzhokhar sentenced to death
Tamerlan killed by police and run over by Dzhokhar
Possibly involved in the 2011 Waltham triple murder
35. Shafik al-Arid, 22
Talal Khantourah, 21
August 5 1973 Athens Greece Greece
5
55
F E Pleaded guilty [5]
36. Masood, Khalid, 52 March 22 2017 London, England United Kingdom United Kingdom
5
49
 MV Killed by police
37. Coulibaly, Amedy, 32 January 7–9 2015 Montrouge & Porte de Vincennes France France
5
11
F Killed by police
38. Johnson, Micah Xavier, 25 July 7 2016 Dallas, Texas United States United States
5
11
F Killed by police
39. Chekatt, Chérif, 29 Dec. 11 2018 Strasbourg France France
5
11
FM Killed by police
40. Two unknown men February 5 1992 Belfast, Northern Ireland United Kingdom United Kingdom
5
9
F Unsolved
41. Elosegi, José Javier Zabaleta
Irujo, Juan María Tapia
November 3 1980 Zarautz Spain Spain
5
5
F Elosegi sentenced to 200 years in prison
Irujo sentenced to 66 years in prison
42. Lakdim, Redouane, 25 March 23 2018 Carcassonne & Trèbes France France
4
15
FM Killed by police
43. Nel, Johan, 18 January 14 2008 Skierlik South Africa South Africa
4
8
F Sentenced to life imprisonment
Also killed one ostrich
[6]
44. Mullah Abdullah, 60
Gool, Badsha Mahommed, 40
January 1 1915 Broken Hill, New South Wales Australia Australia
4
7
F Both killed by police [7]
45. French, Kenneth Junior, 22[n 1] Aug 6 1993 Fayetteville United States United States
4
7
F Sentenced to life imprisonment [8]
46. Stone, Michael, 32 March 16 1988 Belfast, Northern Ireland United Kingdom United Kingdom
3
60+
F E Sentenced to 682 years in prison
47. Legan, Santino William, 19 July 28 2019 Gilroy United States United States
3
17
F Committed suicide
48. Lambright, Donald Martin, 30 April 5 1969 Harrisburg United States United States
3
15
F Committed suicide [9]
49. Lortie, Denis, 25 May 8 1984 Quebec City, Quebec Canada Canada
3
13
F Sentenced to life imprisonment
50. Dear, Robert Lewis, 57 November 27 2015 Colorado Springs, Colorado United States United States
3
9
F Found mentally unfit to stand trial
51. Marwen Hasan, 25
Hesham Mohammed Rajeh, 21
August 29 1981 Vienna Austria Austria
2
30
F E Both sentenced to life imprisonment
Rajeh killed a man on May 1, 1981
52. Princip, Gavrilo, 19
Čabrinović, Nedeljko, 19
June 28 1914 Sarajevo Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary
2
16
F E Both sentenced to 20 years in prison
53. Two unknown men August 5 1980 Lyon France France
2
11
F
54. Two unknown men November 3 1997 Wad Madani Sudan Sudan
2
10
 M Arrested [10]
55. Smith, Benjamin Nathaniel, 21 July 2–4 1999 Chicago, Skokie & Decatur, Illinois
Bloomington, Indiana
United States United States
2
10
F Committed suicide

Abbreviations and footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Assailant was a member of the military, police, or a comparable force at the time of the rampage.

The W-column gives a basic description of the weapons used in the murders

F – Firearms and other ranged weapons, especially rifles and handguns, but also bows and crossbows, grenade launchers, flamethrowers, or slingshots
M – Melee weapons, like knives, swords, spears, machetes, axes, clubs, rods, rocks, or bare hands
O – Any other weapons, such as bombs, hand grenades, Molotov cocktails, poison and poisonous gas, as well as vehicle and arson attacks
A – indicates that an arson attack was the only other weapon used
V – indicates that a vehicle was the only other weapon used
E – indicates that explosives of any sort were the only other weapon used
P – indicates that an anaesthetising or deadly substance of any kind was the only other weapon used (includes poisonous gas)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seeger, Thorsten (ed.) School Shootings: International Research, Case Studies, and Concepts for Prevention; Springer, 2012.
  2. ^ White Supremacist Sentenced to Death By a Pretoria Court, The New York Times (May 26, 1989)
  3. ^ Tessler, Mark A.: A History of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict; Indiana University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-253-20873-4 (p. 661)
  4. ^ Umoja, Akinyele Omowale (2003), We Will Shoot Back: Armed Resistance in the Mississippi Freedom Movement, New York University Press, ISBN 9780814725245
  5. ^ Staff writers (24 January 1974). "2 Arabs Face Athens Court, Plead Guilty". Eugene Register-Guard. United Press International. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  6. ^ White man's shooting spree in black settlement ignites racial tensions, International Herald Tribune (January 24, 2008)
    Johan Nel must now face the music[dead link], Sowetan (November 19, 2008)
    White teenage racist admits South Africa killing spree, The Daily Telegraph (November 17, 2008)
    Rot in jail! – Skierlik shooter is sentenced Archived 2008-12-03 at the Wayback Machine, Sowetan (November 21, 2008)
  7. ^ Dreadful affair at Broken Hill, The Advertiser (January 2, 1915)
    Outlawry – Train attacked by Turks, The Sydney Morning Herald (January 2, 1915)
    Wild scenes at Broken Hill, The Sydney Morning Herald (January 4, 1915)
    Broken Hill Outrage, The Age (January 6, 1915)
    Barrier Shooting – Inquest on Victims, The Sydney Morning Herald (January 8, 1915)
  8. ^ Heavily armed man kills 4, injures 7 in restaurant, Toledo Blade (August 8, 1993)
    'Mama, I don't know why', The Lexington Dispatch (August 9, 1993)
    Restaurant killings stun cops, The Mount Airy News (August 9, 1993)
    Friends say accused killer troubled, The Hendersonville Times-News (August 16, 1993)
    French to plead for his life, Wilmington Morning Star (April 8, 1994)
    Man sentenced to life in prison for four murders, Spartanburg Herald-Journal (April 16, 1994)
  9. ^ Angry Young Man, The New York Times (April 6, 1969)
    Pike killer felt violence only racial answer, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (April 7, 1969)
    Pike killer not on drugs, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (April 10, 1969)
  10. ^ Sudan Mosque Attack, BBC News (November 3, 1997)
    Muslim radicals attack mosque in Wad Madani; two dead, 10 injured, AFP (November 3, 1997)
    "Extremist" Muslim sect members attack worshippers, kill two, Suna news agency (November 4, 1997)