List of rape victims from ancient history and mythology
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- Rogneda of Polotsk from Belarus/Scandinavian history; raped by Vladimir, half-brother of her betrothed Yaropolk I of Kiev, in the presence of her parents (10th century)
- Artemisia Gentileschi (1593-c. 1656), Italian Baroque artist
- T.E. Lawrence (1888-1935), British soldier and author
- Agnes of Rome; a young girl of around 12 or 13 years of age, who consecrated her virginity to Christ, and was dragged to a brothel to be raped, in a bid to make her recant her Christian faith.
- Hermaphroditos; raped by (and later merged with) the nymph Salamcis.
- Daphnis; raped by Gnathon
- Odysseus; in some versions, raped by Calypso on the island of Ogygia in his seven year stay
- Endymion; in some versions, raped by Selene in his sleep.
- Alcmene; raped by Zeus in form of her husband Amphitryon.
- Callisto; raped by Zeus, while she slept.
- Cassandra; raped by Ajax the Lesser, and later forced into concubinage by Agamemnon.
- Demeter; according to an Arcadian myth, Demeter was being pursued by Poseidon and she changed into a horse to escape him. Poseidon, however, transformed himself into a horse and, after cornering Demeter, raped her, resulting in her giving birth to Despoina, a maiden goddess, and Arion, a divine horse.
- Leda, raped by Zeus in the form of a swan.
- Medusa; raped by Poseidon in Athena's temple, but only in Ovid's version.
- Persephone; in some versions, raped by her father, Zeus.
- Philomela; raped by her brother-in-law Tereus
- Dinah from the Hebrew Bible; raped by a Canaanite prince and avenged by her brothers.
- Lot; raped by his daughters by means of alcohol
- Tamar from the Hebrew Bible; raped by her half-brother Amnon.
- Unnamed Concubine from the Hebrew Bible, raped by a gang of drunken men and killed.
- In some versions of the story, Zeus seduces Leda and she submits willingly. In others, such as that retold in William Butler Yeats' "Leda and the Swan", he rapes her: Romigh, Maggie (2007). "Luci Tapahonso's 'Leda and the cowboy': a gynocratic, Navajo response to Yeats's 'Leda and the swan'". In Cotten, Angela L.; Acampora, Christa Davis (eds.). Cultural sites of critical insight: philosophy, aesthetics, and African American and Native American women's writings. Albany, New York: State University of New York. p. 159. ISBN 9781429465700.
- Cornell, Timothy J (1995). "9. The Beginnings of the Roman Republic: 2. The Problem of Chronology". The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars (c. 1000-264 BC). The Routledge History of the Ancient World. Routledge. pp. 218–225. ISBN 978-0-415-01596-7.