List of rectors of the University of Oslo
The rector of the University of Oslo is the university's highest officer, who serves as both its chief executive, its ceremonial head and as chairperson of the university board. The rector is directly elected among the academic employees by all the members of the university community, that is academic employees, students and technical-administrative staff, who received the right to vote in this order. Until 1989, only professors were eligible to stand for election, although so far all rectors have been professors at the university. The rector's deputy and the university's second highest official, the pro-rector, is also directly elected at the same time. Both the rector and the pro-rector are elected for four-year terms and may stand for reelection to the same office once. The rectorate may also include one or more appointed vice-rectors, who rank below both the rector and the pro-rector. The rectorate forms the university's senior leadership and has the overall responsibility for the management of the university; they are assisted by the director of the university, who heads the technical-administrative staff, but who is subordinate to the rectorate (the rector, pro-rector and vice-rectors).
The office of rector was instituted by law in 1905, and made effective in 1907. From 1845 to 1907, the Collegium academicum, the highest body of the university, elected a chairman among its members to serve for one year. From 1814 to 1845, the university had a Chancellor, which was only a ceremonial office held by the Lord Lieutenant (stattholder), and a Pro-Chancellor, who was the deputy of the Chancellor and ex officio chairman of the Collegium academicum.
|1814–1816||Count Hans Henric von Essen|
|1816–1818||Count Carl Mörner|
|1818–1824||Count Johan August Sandels|
|1818–1824||Crown Prince Oscar|
|1814–1822||Bishop Frederik Julius Bech|
|1823–1828||Professor Niels Treschow|
|1828–1840||Count Herman Wedel-Jarlsberg|
|1840–1845||Bishop Christian Sørenssen|
Chairmen of the Collegium academicum, 1845–1907
|Term||Chairman of the Collegium academicum||Field of study|
|Term||Rector||Field of study|
|1907–1911||Waldemar Christofer Brøgger||Mineralogy and geology|
|1912–1918||Bredo Henrik von Munthe af Morgenstierne||Jurisprudence, economics, and statistics|
|1919–1921||Fridtjof Nansen1||Zoology and oceanography|
|1937–1941||Didrik Arup Seip||North Germanic languages|
|1946–1951||Otto Lous Mohr||Medicine|
|1958–1963||Johan Tidemann Ruud||Marine biology|
|1964–1969||Hans Vogt||Romance languages|
|1977–1984||Bjarne A. Waaler||Medicine|
|1999–2001||Kaare R. Norum||Nutritional science|
|2002–2005||Arild Underdal||Political science|
|2009–Present||Ole Petter Ottersen||Medicine|
- 1: Fridtjof Nansen was elected rector of the university for the term 1919–1921, but never assumed office.
- 2: Following the arrest of Didrik Arup Seip during the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, the occupying powers appointed the polar researcher Adolf Hoel as rector of the university.
- 1941–1943 Professor Adolf Hoel (Mathematics and Natural Sciences)1
- 1957 Professor Harald Ulrik Sverdrup (Mathematics and Natural Sciences)
- 1957–1960 Professor Alf Sommerfelt (Humanities)
- 1961–1963 Professor Johs. Andenæs (Law)
- 1964–1966 Professor Axel Strøm (Medicine)
- 1967–1969 Professor Alf Brodal (Medicine)
- 1970–1972 Professor Otto Bastiansen (Mathematics and Natural Sciences)
- 1973–1976 Professor Knut Kolsrud (Humanities)
- 1977–1980 Professor Jacob Jervell (Theology)
- 1981–1984 Professor Knut Erik Tranøy (Humanities)
- 1985–1988 Professor Bjørn Pedersen (Mathematics and Natural Sciences)
- 1989–1992 Professor Jens Erik Fenstad (Mathematics and Natural Sciences)
- 1993–1995 Professor Arild Underdal (Social Sciences)
- 1996–1998 Professor Knut Fægri (Mathematics and Natural Sciences)
- 1999–2001 Professor Rolv Mikkel Blakar (Social Sciences)
- 2002–2005 Professor Anne-Brit Kolstø (Mathematics and Natural Sciences)
- 2006–2009 Professor Haakon Breien Benestad (Medicine)
- 2009–2013 Associate Professor Inga Bostad (Humanities)
- 2013–2014 Professor Ruth Vatvedt Fjeld (Humanities)2
- 2014–2017 Professor Ragnhild Hennum (Law)
- 1: Following the arrest of Didrik Arup Seip during the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, the occupying powers appointed the polar researcher Adolf Hoel as prorector, and later rector of the university.
- 2: Ruth Vatvedt Fjeld resigned from her position in 2014.