List of regional dishes of the United States

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The cuisine of the United States includes many regional or local dishes, side dishes and foods. This list includes dishes and foods that are associated with specific regions of the United States.

Regional dishes of the United States[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
American chop suey
American chop suey New England and Northeastern United States An Italian-American dish of elbow macaroni, ground beef, tomato sauce, seasonings, and sometimes grated cheese.[1]
American goulash American goulash Midwestern United States A dish that is similar to American chop suey, consisting of pasta (such as macaroni or egg noodles), ground beef, tomatoes or tomato sauce, seasonings, and sometimes grated cheese.[2]
Arizona cheese crisp Arizona cheese crisp Arizona An open-faced flour tortilla with grated cheese and sometimes additional ingredients on top, baked until both the tortilla and the cheese are crisp.[3]
Biscuits and gravy Biscuits and gravy Southern United States Soft dough biscuits, generally split into halves and covered in either sawmill or sausage gravy.[4]
Boston baked beans being served with a ladle Boston baked beans Boston, Massachusetts A variety of baked beans, typically sweetened with molasses or maple syrup and flavored with salt pork or bacon.[5]
Cheese straws Cheese straws Southern United States A savory biscuit-like snack made with flour, butter, salt, cheddar cheese, and cayenne pepper; sometimes the dough is extruded through a cookie press before being baked[6][7][8]
Chili burger with fries Chili burger Los Angeles Also known as a chili size. A hamburger (or cheeseburger) topped with chili con carne.[9]
Chislic Chislic South Dakota Small cubes of mutton (or sometimes beef, pork, or venison), deep-fried and served on skewers or toothpicks.[10][11]
Cincinnati chili Cincinnati chili Cincinnati, Ohio A Mediterranean-spiced meat sauce used as a topping with spaghetti (a "two-way"), with cheese (a "three-way") and onions or beans (a "four-way"), or on hot dogs ("coneys"), dishes developed by Macedonian immigrant restaurateurs in the 1920s.[12]
A package of all-pork city chicken and wooden skewers, ready to be cooked
City chicken Ohio; Michigan; Indiana Cubes of meat (usually pork) which have been placed on a wooden skewer (approximately 4–5 inches long), then fried or baked.[13]
Cowboy beans Southwestern United States Consists of beans and ground beef in a sweet and tangy sauce[14]
Eggs Benedict Eggs Benedict New York City The two halves of a toasted English muffin topped with Canadian bacon, poached eggs, and hollandaise sauce.[15] Claims exist that it was invented at the Waldorf Hotel in New York City in 1894, and another claim is that it was first made by Edward P. Montgomery on behalf of commodore E. C. Benedict.[16]
Eggs Sardou with grits and shrimp Eggs Sardou New Orleans Poached eggs, artichoke bottoms, creamed spinach, and hollandaise sauce, sometimes with other ingredients such as anchovies or chopped ham.[17]
Crawfish étouffée Étouffée Louisiana, Mississippi Étouffée (/tˈf/ ay-too-FAY) is crawfish (or sometimes other shellfish such as shrimp or crabs) cooked using a technique called smothering, with roux, Cajun spices, and other ingredients, and served with rice.[18]
Fried cheese curds Fried cheese curds Wisconsin Cheese curds that are battered and deep fried.[19][20]
Fried green tomatoes Fried green tomatoes Southern United States Unripe tomatoes, sliced, coated with cornmeal, and fried.[21]
Frito pie Frito pie Southwestern United States A dish made with chili, cheese, and corn chips (especially Fritos). Additions can include pico de gallo, refried beans, sour cream, onions, rice, and jalapeños.[22][23]
A red hot garbage plate Garbage plate Rochester, New York A choice of two entrees such as cheeseburger, hamburger, red hots, white hots, Italian sausage, chicken tenders, fried haddock, fried ham, grilled cheese, or eggs; and two sides of either home fries, French fries, baked beans, or macaroni salad; topped with mustard, onions, and a meat sauce of slowly simmered ground beef and spices; usually served with Italian bread and butter on the side.[24][25][26]
A log of Goetta Goetta Cincinnati, Ohio Goetta (/ˈɡɛtə/ GET) is ground pork or beef mixed with steel-cut oats and seasonings, formed into a log, sliced, and fried. It originated in the Over-the-Rhine neighborhood of Cincinnati.[27]
Grillades with grits Grillades Louisiana Grillades (/ɡrˈjɑːdz/ gree-YAHDZ) are fried or seared medallions of meat, usually beef, cooked with Creole-style vegetables and spices.[28]
Hamdog Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi A hot dog wrapped in a hamburger patty and deep-fried, topped with chili, cheese, onions, and a fried egg, and served in a hoagie roll.[29]
A tater tot hotdish Hotdish Minnesota A variety of casserole which typically contains a starch, a meat or other protein, and a canned or frozen vegetable, mixed with canned soup[30]
Hot hamburger plate Southeastern United States A slice of bread (usually white) with a hamburger patty placed on top. This is then covered in French fries and then brown (beef) gravy. Cheese is sometimes added.[31]
Hushpuppies
Hushpuppy Southern United States A savory food made from cornmeal batter that is deep fried or baked rolled as a small ball[32]
Johnny Marzetti Johnny Marzetti Midwestern United States A Midwestern Italian American pasta dish consisting of noodles, cheese, ground beef, and a tomato sauce that typically includes aromatic vegetables and mushrooms.[33]
Laulau (lower left) with rice and salad Laulau Hawaii The traditional preparation consisted of pork in wrapped taro leaf[34]
Loco moco, with macaroni salad and boiled soba noodles Loco moco Hawaii There are many variations, but the traditional loco moco consists of white rice, topped with a hamburger patty, a fried egg, and brown gravy[35]
A Mission-style burrito, wrapped in aluminum foil, with tortilla chips and salsa Mission burrito San Francisco, California A very large burrito filled with meat, beans, rice, and additional flavor-enhancing ingredients such as cheese, sour cream, guacamole, pico de gallo, or jalapeños. Typically served wrapped in aluminum foil.[36]
Natchitoches meat pies with beans and rice Natchitoches meat pie Louisiana A dish in Louisiana creole cuisine, it is one of the official state foods of Louisiana,[37] ingredients include ground beef, ground pork, onions, peppers, garlic, oil, and a pie shell
New England boiled dinner New England boiled dinner New England Corned beef or a smoked "picnic ham" shoulder, with cabbage and added vegetable items[38]
Pepperoni balls Erie, Pennsylvania Pizza dough rolled into doughnut sized rolls, stuffed with a few slices of pepperoni, then either baked or fried in oil. Sometimes the fillings include cheese and other ingredients.[39][40][41]
Pepperoni roll Pepperoni roll West Virginia and Appalachia Pepperoni baked inside a soft roll to create an easily portable snack or lunch item.[42]
A pork roll sandwich Pork roll New Jersey Also known as Taylor ham; a lightly smoked and cured pork product; usually eaten on a roll as a sandwich[43]
Pudding corn Pudding corn Southern United States and Appalachia Also known as corn pudding. A savory, baked casserole made with corn kernels (and sometimes cornmeal), eggs, cream or milk, and other ingredients. Usually served as a side dish.[44]
Runza Runza Nebraska and Kansas A hand-held meat pie similar to a bierock, with a yeast dough bread pocket and a filling of ground beef, shredded cabbage, and seasonings.[45]
Scrapple Scrapple Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania Traditionally, a mush of pork scraps and trimmings combined with cornmeal and wheat flour, often buckwheat flour, and spices[46]
Spam musubi Spam musubi Hawaii A piece of grilled Spam on top of a rice ball, held together with a strip of nori. This is similar to nigiri sushi, but with Spam instead of raw fish.[47]
Spoonbread, with a pork chop and greens Spoonbread Southern United States A moist cornmeal-based dish, similar in consistency and taste to Yorkshire pudding.[48] (Pictured is spoonbread underneath a pork chop, with a side of greens.)
Steamed cheeseburger Steamed cheeseburger Central Connecticut Ground beef is steamed on a tray to create a juicy patty without any grease. Steamed cheese, raw onion and mustard toppings are added afterwards.[49]
Stromboli
Stromboli Philadelphia, Pennsylvania A type of savory turnover filled with various cheeses, typically mozzarella, Italian meats such as salami, capicola and bresaola or vegetables, and traditionally wrapped in Italian bread dough. It was invented in 1950 at Romano's Pizzeria & Italian Restaurant in Essington, Pennsylvania, by Nazzareno "Nat" Romano.[50]
Succotash made with corn and kidney beans Succotash New England; Pennsylvania; Southern United States A chunky dish that consists primarily of sweet corn with lima beans or other shell beans. Other ingredients may be added including tomatoes and green or sweet red peppers.[51]
Toasted ravioli Toasted ravioli St. Louis, Missouri Found on the menus of many St. Louis restaurants including those of the Hill, a predominantly Italian neighborhood.[52]
Utica greens Utica greens Upstate New York A dish made of hot peppers, sautéed greens, chicken stock or broth, escarole, cheese, Pecorino, breadcrumbs and variations of meat and prosciutto.[53]

Barbecue[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
A hickory-smoked chicken sandwich with white barbecue sauce Alabama-style barbecue Northern Alabama Smoked chicken or other smoked meats, with a white barbecue sauce that has a base of mayonnaise instead of tomatoes. The sauce is said to have been developed in 1925 by Bob Gibson of Decatur.[54][55][56]
"Combo plate" of several Kansas City-style barbecue dishes and French fries Kansas City-style barbecue Kansas City, Missouri Kansas City barbecue is slow-smoked over a variety of woods and then covered with a thick tomato- and molasses-based sauce.[57] It is characterized by its use of a wide variety of meat. Burnt ends are quite popular in Kansas City.[58][59]
A barbecue cooker in Memphis Memphis-style barbecue Memphis, Tennessee Typified by pork ribs, slow cooked in a pit. "Dry" ribs are covered with a dry rub before cooking, and are normally eaten without sauce. "Wet" ribs are brushed with sauce before, during, and after cooking.[60]
Pulled pork North Carolina-style Barbecue North Carolina Pulled pork is very popular in North Carolina. In the eastern part of the state, a vinegar-based sauce is used. In the western part of the state, the sauce is tomato-based.[61][62]
Santa Maria-style barbecue: Tri-tip with salsa, pink beans instead of pinquito beans, salad, and garlic bread. Santa Maria-style barbecue Santa Maria Valley, California Beef tri-tip and sometimes other meat, grilled over coals of the coast live oak, and traditionally served with salsa, pinquito beans, salad, and grilled French bread.[63]
St. Louis-style barbecue pork ribs St. Louis-style barbecue St. Louis, Missouri Various pork dishes cooked with barbecue sauce, which typically are grilled rather than being cooked in a smokehouse.[64]
Texas-style barbecue smoke pit with various meats Texas-style barbecue Texas Texas-style barbecue often uses beef (especially brisket[65]) instead of pork. There are several variations, including East, Central, West, and South Texas. The regions differ primarily in the type of wood used, the cooking method, and the addition and application of spices and sauce.[66]

Breads and bread dishes[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
Anadama bread Anadama bread New England A traditional yeast bread of New England made with wheat flour, cornmeal, molasses and sometimes rye flour[67]
Beaten biscuits Beaten biscuits Southern United States A dense biscuit, sometimes served with ham. Before baking the dough is beaten extensively with a rolling pin or other blunt instrument.[68]
Hot water corn bread Hot water corn bread Southern United States Cornbread made by mixing cornmeal and water and cooking the resulting batter in a skillet with cooking oil.[69]
Johnnycakes Johnnycakes East Coast Also known as hoecakes. Cornmeal flatbread, a dish of Native American origin.[70][71]
Parker House rolls, before baking Parker House roll Boston, Massachusetts A bread roll that was invented at the Parker House Hotel in Boston during the 1870s.[72] It may be served as a side dish.
Pistolette Louisiana A pistolette is either of two bread-based dishes in Louisiana cuisine. One is a stuffed and fried bread roll (sometimes called stuffed pistolettes) in the Cajun areas around Lafayette. The other is a type of submarine shaped bread about half the size of a baguette that is popular in New Orleans for Vietnamese bánh mì and other sandwiches.[73]
Texas toast Texas toast Texas A type of thick-cut white bread, grilled with butter or margarine and often with garlic and other spices, and usually used as a side dish[74]

Chicken dishes[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
Broasted chicken, and broasted potatoes Broasted chicken Wisconsin Broasted chicken is pieces of chicken that have been battered and deep-fried in a pressure cooker. The outside is very crispy and the inside is moist and juicy. True broasted chicken is chicken that has been cooked using equipment and recipes supplied by the Broaster Company.[75][76][77]
Buffalo wings, with celery sticks and ranch dressing Buffalo wings Buffalo, New York Chicken wing sections (wingettes and drumettes) that are deep-fried, unbreaded, and coated in a hot sauce made with cayenne pepper, vinegar, and butter. Usually served with celery or carrot sticks, and ranch or bleu cheese dressing for dipping.[78]
Chicken and waffles with peaches and cream Chicken and waffles The South and the Northeast The soul food version of chicken and waffles, popular in the South, pairs fried chicken with a breakfast waffle. The Pennsylvania Dutch version, found in the Northeast, consists of a plain waffle with pulled, stewed chicken on top, covered in gravy.[79]
Chicken Divan Chicken Divan New York City A chicken casserole usually served with broccoli, almonds, and Mornay sauce. It was named after the place of its invention, the Divan Parisiennne Restaurant in the New York City Chatham Hotel.[80][81]
Chicken Maryland and pilaf Chicken Maryland Maryland Fried chicken served with a cream gravy[82]
Chicken mull North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia A traditional stew consisting of parboiled whole chicken in a cream or milk based broth, butter and seasoned with salt, pepper and other ingredients[83]
Chicken riggies Chicken riggies Utica–Rome area, New York An Italian-American pasta dish of chicken, rigatoni, and hot or sweet peppers, in a spicy cream and tomato sauce.[84]
Chicken Vesuvio Chicago Pieces of chicken on the bone, with potato wedges and peas, cooked with white wine, garlic, and olive oil. An Italian American dish.[85]
Hawaiian haystack Utah A sauce with chunks of chicken, poured over steamed rice, and garnished with crispy chow mein noodles and pineapple. Various optional condiments, such as coconut, diced bell peppers and tomatoes, and grated cheese are also often included.[86]
Hot chicken, with a side of potato salad Hot chicken Nashville, Tennessee A portion of breast, thigh, or wing that has been marinated in buttermilk, floured, fried, and finally sauced using an oil-based paste that has been spiced with cayenne pepper.[87][88]

Desserts and confectionery[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
Bananas Foster Bananas Foster New Orleans A dessert made from bananas and vanilla ice cream, with a sauce made from butter, brown sugar, cinnamon, dark rum, and banana liqueur. The butter, sugar and bananas are cooked, then the alcohol is added and ignited as a flambé. The bananas and sauce are served over the ice cream.[89]
Beignets with powdered sugar Beignet New Orleans A beignet (/bɛnˈj/ ben-YAY) is a square-shaped pastry made with deep-fried choux dough and topped with powdered sugar.[90]
Boston cream donut Boston cream doughnut Massachusetts A yeast-risen doughnut with chocolate frosting and a creamy vanilla-flavored custard filling: a miniature version of the Boston cream pie.[91][92] It was designated the official doughnut of Massachusetts in 2003[93] after the Boston cream pie itself was chosen as the state dessert in 1996.
Boston cream pie Boston cream pie Boston A cake that is filled with a custard or cream filling and frosted with chocolate[94]
Chantilly cake Chantilly cake Hawaii A delicacy in Hawaii, dating back to the 1950s.[95] Usually, Chantilly cakes are chocolate cakes with a Chantilly frosting, which is essentially the coconut frosting from a German chocolate cake without the coconut.[96] This is in contrast to the typical usage of creme Chantilly, which refers to sweetened whipped cream.[97]
Cronut Cronut New York City A croissant-doughnut pastry invented by Chef Dominique Ansel and trademarked[98][99] by his Bakery in New York City.[100][101]
Doberge cake Doberge cake New Orleans Doberge (/dˈbɜːrʒ/ doh-BURZH) cake is a cake with many thin layers, separated with dessert pudding (often half chocolate and half lemon), and with a glazed outer frosting.[102]
Frozen banana Frozen banana Newport Beach, California Made by putting a banana on a stick, freezing it, and dipping it in melted chocolate. May be covered with toppings such as chopped nuts, sprinkles, sugar, and crushed cookies.[103]
Gooey butter cake Gooey butter cake St. Louis, Missouri A flat, dense cake made with wheat cake flour, butter, sugar, and eggs, typically about an inch tall, and dusted with powdered sugar.[104]
Happy Cake Happy Cake Hawaii A tropical cake prepared with pineapple, coconut and macadamia nuts, it is often referred to as Hawaii’s version of a fruit cake.[105]
A slab of haupia
Haupia Hawaii Haupia (/hˈpə/ how-PEE) is a dish in the native cuisine of Hawaii, it is a coconut milk-based Hawaiian dessert often found at luaus and other local gatherings in Hawaiʻi[106]
Hot milk cake Mid-Atlantic states Has a distinctive flavor from scalded milk that is the liquid component of the batter. It differs from traditional sponge cakes because it does contain baking powder as leavening, and the eggs are beaten together whole instead of whipping the yolks and whites separately.[107]
Hummingbird cake Hummingbird cake Southern United States A banana-pineapple spice cake that has been a tradition in Southern cuisine since the mid-20th century.[108] The first known publication of the recipe, as written by L.H. Wiggin, was in the February 1978 issue of Southern Living.
Kentucky jam cake Kentucky and Tennessee Prepared with jam and spices mixed in the batter and is decorated with caramel icing.[109][110][111]
Key lime pie Key lime pie Key West, Florida A pie made with key lime juice, egg yolks, and sweetened condensed milk, with a meringue topping.[112]
King cake King cake New Orleans A cake made of braided pastry laced with cinnamon, with purple, green, and gold frosting, and a small plastic baby hidden inside. Eaten during Mardi Gras season.[113]
A package of kulolo Kulolo Hawaii A dessert made from mashed kalo (taro) corms, grated coconut meat or coconut milk, and sugar[114]
Lane cake Lane cake Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi[115] Also known as a prize cake; a bourbon-soaked layer cake[116]
Mississippi mud pie Mississippi mud pie Mississippi A chocolate-based dessert pie.[117][118]
Modjeskas, individually wrapped in parchment paper Modjeska Louisville, Kentucky A marshmallow dipped in caramel.[119]
Pecan pie Pecan pie Southern United States A pie made primarily of eggs and corn syrup with pecan nuts.[120]
Pie à la Mode Pie à la Mode Minnesota A slice of pie with a scoop of ice cream on top.[121]
Salt water taffy Salt water taffy Atlantic City, New Jersey Originally produced and marketed in the Atlantic City, New Jersey area starting in the 1880s[122]
Shaker lemon pie Shaker Lemon Pie Ohio and elsewhere in the Midwest A pie with a filling made with whole lemons that have been sliced extremely thin and macerated with sugar.[123]
Shoofly pie Shoofly pie Pennsylvania A pie with a cake-like consistency, made with molasses.[124]
Snickers salad Snickers salad Iowa A mix of Snickers bars, Granny Smith apples, whipped cream, and often pudding or whipped topping, served in a bowl.[125]
Strawberry rhubarb pie Strawberry rhubarb pie New England, Upstate New York A sweet and tart pie made with strawberries and rhubarb, with a latticed top crust.[126]
Sugar cream pie
Sugar cream pie Indiana Often referred to as Hoosier sugar cream pie, this is the state food of Indiana. It is a single crust pie made from brown sugar, flour, butter, salt, vanilla, and cream. The Hoosier sugar cream pie is recognizable for being a shallow pie with a nutmeg dusting on top.[127][128]
Sugar on snow being made Sugar on snow Vermont, Upstate New York A candy made by boiling maple syrup and pouring it over clean snow to harden it.[129]
Sweet potato pie Sweet potato pie Southern United States A pie with a filling of mashed sweet potatoes, milk, sugar and eggs, flavored with spices such as nutmeg.[130]
Tarte à la Bouillie Louisiana Tarte à la Bouillie (/ˌtɑːrt ə lə buˈ/ TART-ə-lə-boo-EE) are sweet-dough custard tarts that are part of Cajun cuisine.[131]
Toll House cookies Toll House cookie Massachusetts A cookie made with butter, brown sugar, and white sugar, with semi-sweet chocolate chips. Invented at the Toll House Inn in Whitman, Massachusetts.[132]
A tipsy cake shaped like a hedgehog Tipsy cake Southern United States A variation on the English trifle brought to America in colonial times. A cake made with an alcoholic beverage such as wine, sherry, or bourbon, and often with custard, jam, or fruit.[133][134]
Whoopie pie Whoopie pie Maine and Pennsylvania A baked product made of two round mound-shaped pieces of chocolate cake with a sweet, creamy filling or frosting sandwiched between them.[135] Referred to in some parts of Pennsylvania as a gob.[136]

Fish and seafood dishes[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
Cioppino Cioppino San Francisco, California Cioppino (/ˈpn/ choh-PEE-noh) is an Italian-American fish stew with tomatoes and a variety of fish and shellfish.[137]
Clam cake Clam cakes Rhode Island Fritter made from flour, water, baking powder, clam juice, and chopped or minced clams (usually quahogs) all mixed together, rolled into balls and deep fried.[138]
Clams casino Clams casino Rhode Island A clam served on a half clamshell, topped with breadcrumbs and crumbled bacon, and broiled.[139]
Crab cakes Crab cakes Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area and elsewhere in Maryland Crab meat and other ingredients (such as bread crumbs, milk, mayonnaise, eggs, and seasonings, particularly Old Bay Seasoning), traditionally deep-fried or sautéd, and increasingly often broiled.[140]
Lobster Newberg Lobster Newberg New York City, New York An American seafood dish made from lobster, butter, cream, cognac, sherry, eggs, and cayenne pepper.[141]
Oysters Bienville Oysters Bienville New Orleans, Louisiana A traditional dish in New Orleans cuisine,[142] it consists of filled, baked oysters. Ingredients include shrimp, mushrooms, bell peppers, sherry, a roux with butter, Parmesan cheese and other lighter cheese, as well as bread crumbs.[143]
Oysters en brochette New Orleans A classic dish in New Orleans Creole cuisine,[144] raw oysters are skewered, alternating with pieces of partially cooked bacon. The entire dish is then broiled or breaded (usually with corn flour) then either deep fried or sautéed
Oysters Rockefeller Oysters Rockefeller New Orleans Oysters on the half-shell that have been topped with various other ingredients (often parsley and other green herbs, a rich butter sauce and bread crumbs) and are then baked or broiled[145]
Shrimp and grits Shrimp and grits The South Carolina Lowcountry and other coastal areas of the Southeast Grits with cooked shrimp added, usually served for breakfast.[146]
Shrimp Creole Shrimp Creole Louisiana Cooked shrimp in a mixture of tomatoes, onions, celery, and bell peppers, spiced with hot pepper sauce or cayenne-based seasoning, and served over steamed or boiled white rice.[147]
Shrimp DeJonghe Shrimp DeJonghe Chicago A casserole of large, peeled shrimp, soft breadcrumbs, and a rich sauce made with butter, garlic, and white wine or sherry.[148]
Stuffies Stuffies Rhode Island and elsewhere in New England Also known as stuffed clams or stuffed quahogs. Quahog clams, minced and mixed with breadcrumbs and sometimes other ingredients, baked on the half-shell.[149]
Clockwise from bottom: squid luau, pipikaula shortribs, kalua pig, tripe stew, rice, opihi poke, laulau, and poi in the center Squid lū'au Hawaii Made with squid (or octopus), taro (lu'au) leaves, coconut milk, garlic, water, and Hawaiian salt.[150] (Squid lū'au is pictured at the very bottom of the image.)

Hot dogs and sausages[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
Bagel dogs Bagel dog New York City, Chicago, Cincinnati A full-size or miniature hot dog, wrapped in bagel-style breading before or after cooking.[151]
Beer brats Beer brat Wisconsin A bratwurst simmered in beer and then grilled.[152][153]
Boudin Boudin Southern Louisiana A sausage made with pork, rice, and Cajun spices.[154][155][156]
Chicago-style hot dog Chicago-style hot dog Chicago An all-beef hot dog on a poppy seed bun, topped with chopped onions, pickle spear, tomato slices, neon-green relish, celery salt, and sport peppers. Also topped with mustard, but not ketchup.[157]
Cheese coney Coney Cincinnati A hot dog topped with a spiced meat sauce called Cincinnati chili, mustard, diced onions, and sometimes cheese.[158][159]
Coney Island hot dog Coney Island hot dog Detroit, elsewhere in Michigan, and Fort Wayne, Indiana A large, natural-casing hot dog topped with a hearty, mildly spiced meat sauce, and with mustard and diced onions.[160][161]
Dodger dog Dodger Dog Los Angeles A 10-inch hot dog wrapped in a steamed bun. Sold at the baseball park of the Los Angeles Dodgers.[162]
A francheezie, with cole slaw and a potato pancake Francheezie Chicago An all-beef hot dog wrapped in bacon and deep fried, with melted Cheddar or American cheese (or Velveeta). Usually the hot dog is split and filled with cheese before the deep frying. Alternatively the cheese may be added as a topping afterwards.[163]
Half-smoke Half-smoke Washington, D.C. A "local sausage delicacy"[164] that is similar to a hot dog, but usually larger, spicier, and with more coarsely-ground meat. The sausage is often half-pork and half-beef, smoked, and served with herbs, onions, and chili sauce.
Italian hot dog Newark, New Jersey A deep-fried hot dog on pizza bread, topped with onions, peppers, and fried potatoes.[165]
Jersey breakfast dog Jersey breakfast dog New Jersey A hot dog wrapped in bacon and deep fried, with melted cheese, on top of a fried or scrambled egg.[166]
Maxwell Street Polish sausages, pork chops, and onions on a grill Maxwell Street Polish Chicago A Polish sausage made with beef and pork, and with garlic and other spices. Served on a bun with grilled onions.[167]
Michigan hot dog Michigan hot dog North Country of New York state A natural-casing hot dog made of beef and pork, sometimes bright red in color, on a steamed bun, topped with a meat sauce made with hamburger meat, tomatoes, and spices. Optionally also topped with onions and yellow mustard.[168]
Three "all the way" New York System wiener Rhode Island A sausage similar to a hot dog, made of veal and pork, served in a steamed bun, and topped with celery salt, yellow mustard, chopped onions, and a seasoned meat sauce made from ground beef.[169]
Polish Boy Polish Boy Cleveland A kielbasa sausage covered with French fries, barbecue sauce, and cole slaw, served in a long bun.[170]
Rippers with onion rings Ripper Northern New Jersey A hot dog that is deep-fried until the casing rips.[171]
Seattle-style hot dog Seattle A hot dog or Polish sausage, usually grilled, topped with cream cheese. Often also topped with condiments such as mustard, grilled onions, or sauerkraut.[172]
Sonoran hot dog Sonoran hot dog Tucson and elsewhere in southern Arizona A hot dog wrapped in bacon and grilled, served on a bolillo-style hot dog bun, and topped with pinto beans, onions, tomatoes, and a variety of additional condiments, often including mayonnaise, mustard, and jalapeño salsa.[173]
Texas Tommy Philadelphia and elsewhere in eastern Pennsylvania Invented in Pottstown, Pennsylvania, a Texas Tommy is a hot dog that is split and filled with cheese, wrapped with bacon, and then cooked.[174]
A white hot topped with hot sauce, mustard, and onions White hot Rochester, New York A hot dog made with a combination of uncured and unsmoked pork, beef, and veal. The lack of smoking or curing allows the meat to retain a naturally white color. White hots usually contain mustard and other spices, and often include a dairy component such as nonfat dry milk.[175][176]

Pizza[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
Brier Hill pizza Youngstown, Ohio A pizza that has thick "Sunday sauce", bell peppers, and Romano cheese. This dish was popularized by Italian immigrant families living in the Brier Hill neighborhood of Youngstown, Ohio.[177]
California-style pizza California-style pizza California A pizza that combines New York and Italian-style thin crust with toppings from the California cuisine cooking style.[178]
Chicago-style pizza Chicago-style pizza Chicago Deep-dish pizza, with a tall outer crust and large amounts of cheese, with chunky tomato sauce on top of the cheese instead of underneath it.[179]
Detroit-style pizza Detroit-style pizza Detroit A square pizza similar to Sicilian-style pizza that has a thick deep-dish crisp crust and toppings such as pepperoni and olives, and is served with the marinara sauce on top.[180][181]
New Haven-style pizza New Haven-style pizza New Haven, Connecticut A Neapolitan-influenced pizza with a thin, crisp crust. A "plain" pizza is crust, oregano, and tomato sauce with a little bit of grated pecorino romano cheese sprinkled on. Mozzarella is considered to be a topping; a customer who wants it must ask for it.[182]
New York-style pizza New York-style pizza New York City Pizza with a thin, hand-tossed crust that is soft and foldable but crispy on the edge. Often sold in wide, wedge-shaped slices to go.[183]
Pizza bagel
Pizza bagel New York metropolitan area The two halves of a toasted bagel, baked with tomato sauce, mozzarella cheese, and often other pizza toppings.[184]
Pizza puff Pizza puff Chicago A deep-fried dough pocket filled with cheese, tomato sauce, and other pizza ingredients such as sausage. Can be found at some hot dog stands and casual dining restaurants.[185][186]
Quad City-style pizza Quad City-style pizza The Quad Cities area of Iowa and Illinois The crust has a nutty taste, the tomato sauce is spicy, the toppings are under the cheese, and the pizza is cut into strips.[187]
St. Louis-style pizza St. Louis-style pizza St. Louis Pizza, often made with Provel cheese, with a very thin crust made without yeast. Generally cut into squares or rectangles instead of wedges.[188]
Tomato pie Tomato pie Trenton, New Jersey Thick-crust pizza dish cooked with cheese underneath a large amount of garlicky tomato sauce, cooled to room temperature before serving.[189]

Potato dishes[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
Funeral potatoes Funeral potatoes Utah A casserole of hash browns or grated/cubed potatoes, Cheddar or Parmesan cheese, cream soup or a cream sauce, and other ingredients, topped with corn flakes or crushed potato chips.[190]
Jo-Jo potatoes Jo Jo potatoes Ohio, Washington Potato wedges that are fried in the same vat as chicken,[191] or that are coated in a seasoned flour and fried.[192]
Potatoes O'Brien Potatoes O'Brien Boston, Massachusetts and Manhattan, New York Pan-fried potatoes along with green and red bell peppers. Its origin is disputed;[193] it has been claimed that it originated in the early 20th century[194] from a Boston restaurant named Jerome's[195] and, during the same time period, from a Manhattan restaurant named Jack's.[196][197]
Salt potatoes being cooked in a pot Salt potatoes Syracuse, New York As the potatoes cook, the salty water forms a crust on the skin and seals the potatoes so they never taste waterlogged[198]

Rice dishes[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
Charleston red rice Charleston red rice The lowcountry of South Carolina and Georgia Long grain rice cooked with crushed tomatoes, small bits of bacon or smoked pork sausage, celery, bell peppers, and onions.[199]
Dirty rice Dirty rice Louisiana and elsewhere in the Southern United States Rice cooked with small amounts of meat (traditionally chicken giblets) which give it a dark color, along with onions, bell peppers, celery, and spices.[200]
Hoppin' John Hoppin' John Southern United States Rice cooked with black-eyed peas or field peas, chopped onion, and sliced bacon. Sometimes country sausage, ham hock, fatback, or another type of meat is used instead of bacon.[201]
Jambalaya Jambalaya Louisiana A dish of rice and meat in Louisiana Creole cuisine (often a combination of andouille sausage, chicken, and shrimp) cooked with vegetables and Louisiana Creole spices.[202]
Red beans and rice Red beans and rice Louisiana A dish in Louisiana Creole cuisine, it is prepared with kidney beans cooked with Louisiana Cajun spices, and often also cooked with ham and vegetables such as bell peppers, onions, and celery, served together with white rice.[203]
Smothered turkey rice and gravy Rice and gravy Louisiana Traditionally a brown gravy based on pan drippings, cooked with onions, bell peppers, celery, and seasonings, and served over steamed or boiled rice. Now often made with various types of meats.[204]

Salads[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
Cobb salad Cobb salad Los Angeles A garden salad made from chopped salad greens (iceberg lettuce, watercress, endives and Romaine lettuce), tomato, crisp bacon, boiled, grilled or roasted (but not fried) chicken breast, hard-boiled egg, avocado, chives, Roquefort cheese, and red-wine vinaigrette.[205] Various stories exist recounting how the salad was invented.
Crab Louie Crab Louie San Francisco Iceberg lettuce with Dungeness crab or other crab meat, hard boiled eggs, tomatoes, and Louis dressing.[206]
Frogeye salad Frogeye salad Utah A pasta salad that is made with acini di pepe pasta, whipped topping and egg yolks. Fruit, such as mandarin oranges and pineapples, are often mixed in, and it is sometimes topped with marshmallows.[207]
Jello salad Jello salad Pennsylvania; also noteworthy in Utah. Pieces of fruit suspended in flavored gelatin. In Utah variants, whipped or sour cream, mayonnaise, cottage cheese, or even ice cream are often included with the fruit or used as layers/garnish. Some variants also include vegetables, such as grated carrots.[208]
Michigan salad with grilled shrimp Michigan salad Michigan A green salad topped with dried cherries or cranberries, blue cheese, vinaigrette, and sometimes apple slices.[209]
Tako (octopus) poke Poke Hawaii Poke (/ˈpk/ POH-kay) is a raw seafood salad served as an appetizer in Hawaiian cuisine. It is most commonly made with yellowfin tuna, salty seaweed, and sweet onions.[210]
Seven-layer salad Seven-layer salad Southern United States A salad with seven layers, usually composed of iceberg lettuce, peas, tomatoes, onions, Cheddar cheese, bacon, and mayonnaise. Served in a glass bowl with high sides.[211]
Shrimp Louie Shrimp Louie San Francisco and Seattle Iceberg lettuce with Pacific pink shrimp or other small boiled and shelled shrimp, hard boiled eggs, tomatoes, and Louis dressing; basically the same ingredients as a Crab Louie salad, but with shrimp instead of Dungeness crab[212][213][214]
Waldorf salad Waldorf salad New York City First created between 1893 and 1896 at the Waldorf Hotel in New York City, it is generally made of fresh apples, celery and walnuts, dressed in mayonnaise.[215]

Sandwiches[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
Beef Manhattan Indianapolis, Indiana An open-faced sandwich of roast beef and gravy, served with mashed potatoes.[216][217]
Beef on weck Beef on weck Buffalo, New York Thin-sliced roast beef on a Kümmelweck roll (a Kaiser roll topped with caraway seeds and salt). The cut face of the top half of the roll may be dipped in the jus from the roast. Horseradish is usually provided for the diner to spread to taste on the top half of the roll.[218]
Philly cheesesteak sandwich Cheesesteak Philadelphia Also known as a Philly cheesesteak. Thinly sliced beef and melted cheese (generally Cheez Whiz, American cheese, or Provolone) on a hoagie roll, typically with sauteed onions and other seasonings.[219]
Chopped cheese New York City Ground beef with onions, topped by melted cheese, and served with lettuce, tomatoes and condiments on a hero roll.[220]
Cuban sandwich Cuban sandwich Tampa, Florida, South Florida[221] A pressed sandwich made with sliced ham and roasted pork, Swiss cheese, pickles, mustard, and sometimes Genoa salami, on Cuban bread.[222][223]
Denver sandwich Denver sandwich Denver Also known as a Western sandwich. A Denver omelette (scrambled eggs with diced ham, onions, and green bell peppers) on two pieces of bread.[224]
A fluffernutter, before assembly Fluffernutter New England Made with peanut butter and marshmallow fluff, usually served on white bread[225]
Fool's Gold Loaf Fool's Gold Loaf Denver A French bread, baked and hollowed out, and filled with a jar of peanut butter, a jar of grape jelly, and a pound of bacon.[226]
Fried-brain sandwiches, with side orders of onion rings and German fries Fried-brain sandwich Ohio River valley A sandwich made with heavily battered sliced calves' brains, deep fried and served on sliced bread.[227]
Gerber sandwich Gerber sandwich St. Louis An open-faced sandwich of a half section of Italian or French bread, spread with garlic butter and topped with ham and either Provel or Provolone cheese, seasoned with a sprinkling of paprika, and then toasted.[228]
Horseshoe sandwich Horseshoe sandwich Springfield, Illinois An open-faced sandwich of thick-sliced toasted bread, a hamburger patty or other meat, French fries, and a cheese sauce that is somewhat similar to Welsh rarebit.[229]
Hot brown Hot brown Louisville, Kentucky An open-faced sandwich of turkey with sliced tomatoes on thick-cut toast, covered with Mornay sauce and topped with bacon, and baked or broiled until the bread is crisp and the sauce begins to brown.[230]
Italian beef sandwich Italian beef Chicago A sandwich of thin slices of seasoned roast beef, dripping with meat juices, on a dense, long Italian-style roll.[231]
Jibarito Jibarito Chicago A jibarito (/ˌhbəˈrt/ HEE-bə-REE-toh) is a sandwich, inspired by the cuisine of Puerto Rico, made with flattened, fried green plantains instead of bread. Generally with a thin steak filling, or sometimes chicken or pork. Usually topped with garlic-flavored mayonnaise, lettuce, and tomato.[232]
Juicy Lucy Jucy Lucy Minneapolis A cheeseburger that has the cheese inside the meat patty in addition to on top.[233]
Lobster roll, with potato chips and a pickle Lobster roll New England A sandwich of lobster meat served in a top-loading hot dog bun.[234]
Mother-in-law Mother-in-law Chicago A tamale in a hot dog bun, covered with chili.[235]
Muffuletta sandwich Muffuletta New Orleans A sandwich on a muffuletta bread, a large, round, and light Italian bread with sesame seeds. It's filled with various meats and cheeses, usually including ham, capicola, salami, mortadella, mozzarella, and provolone, with olive salad spread on the bread.[236]
Puritan sandwich Pilgrim sandwich New England Also known as a Thanksgiving sandwich. Made with sliced turkey, stuffing, cranberry sauce, and sometimes cheese and other ingredients.[237]
An alligator po' boy sandwich, with French fries and vegetable garnish Po' boy New Orleans A submarine sandwich on a wide piece of French bread that is crunchy on the outside and light on the inside. Popular fillings include fried seafood such as shrimp, oysters, or catfish, and the more traditional roast beef with brown gravy. Usually topped ("dressed") with shredded lettuce, tomatoes, pickles, and mayonnaise.[238][239][240]
Pork tenderloin sandwich with French fries Pork tenderloin sandwich Iowa and Indiana A large, thin pork cutlet, breaded and deep-fried, served on a bun.[241]
Reuben sandwich Reuben sandwich New York City and Omaha, Nebraska A hot sandwich composed of corned beef, Swiss cheese, sauerkraut, and Russian or Thousand Island dressing, grilled between slices of rye bread.[242] One account holds that Reuben Kulakofsky of Omaha, Nebraska invented the sandwich, and another holds that it was invented by Arnold Reuben at Reuben's Restaurant in New York City.[243]
Roast pork on garlic bread Catskill region of upstate New York A hot sandwich of "Chinese" roasted pork, duck sauce, and hot mustard, served on Italian garlic bread[244][245][246]
Sailor sandwich with French fries Sailor sandwich Richmond, Virginia A sandwich of grilled knackwurst, hot pastrami, melted Swiss cheese, and spicy mustard on rye bread.[247]
Sloppy joe Sloppy joe Northern New Jersey In most of the U.S., a sloppy joe is a sandwich of ground beef and tomato sauce, with onion and spices, served on a hamburger bun. But in North Jersey, a sloppy joe is a double decker thin sliced rye bread sandwich made with one or more types of sliced deli meat, such as turkey, ham, pastrami, corned beef, roast beef, or sliced beef tongue, along with Swiss cheese, coleslaw, and Russian dressing.[248][249][250]
A chicken spiedie Spiedie Binghamton, New York A spiedie (/ˈspdi/ SPEE-dee) is a sandwich of marinated cubes of lamb, chicken, pork, or beef served on Italian bread or white bread.[251]
St. Paul sandwich St. Paul sandwich St. Louis An egg foo young patty on white bread, with dill pickle slices, lettuce, tomatoes, and mayonnaise.[252]
Submarine sandwich Submarine sandwich Northeastern United States Also known as a sub, wedge, hoagie, hero, grinder, baguette and other names, it originated in several different Italian American communities in the Northeastern United States from the late 19th to mid-20th centuries.[253] A long roll of bread split widthwise into two pieces, and filled with a variety of meats, cheeses, vegetables, seasonings, and sauces.
Tavern sandwich Tavern sandwich Iowa Also known as a loosemeat sandwich,[254] it contains crumbled, unseasoned ground beef on a bun, mixed with sauteed onions, and sometimes topped with pickles, ketchup and mustard.

Soups and stews[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
Booyah Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin A thick soup that often requires up to two days and multiple cooks to prepare; it is cooked in specially designed "booyah kettles" and usually meant to serve hundreds or even thousands of people.[255]
Brunswick stew made with chicken Brunswick stew Southern United States A stew based on tomatoes, local beans and vegetables, and chicken in recent times; originally, small game meat such as squirrel, rabbit, and/or opossum was used instead.[256]
Burgoo, with a side of mashed potatoes Burgoo Kentucky and Illinois A spicy stew,[257] typically using game or game birds, similar to Irish or Mulligan stew, often served with cornbread or corn muffins. [The image at the left depicts burgoo with a side of mashed potatoes.]
Chili con carne Chili con carne Texas Originated in Texas and is the official dish of the U.S. state of Texas, as designated by the House Concurrent Resolution Number 18 of the 65th Texas Legislature during its regular session in 1977.[258]
Manhattan clam chowder Clam chowder (Manhattan style) New York Clams cooked in a red broth with tomatoes for flavor and color.[259]
New England clam chowder Clam chowder (New England style) New England A milk- or cream-based chowder of potatoes, onion, and clams.[260]
Gumbo Gumbo Louisiana A meat or seafood soup or stew thickened with okra or filé.[261]
Philadelphia Pepper Pot Philadelphia, Pennsylvania A thick stew of beef tripe, vegetables, pepper and other seasonings.[262]
She-crab soup She-crab soup Charleston, South Carolina A seafood soup made with blue crab meat, crab roe, and crab stock mixed with heavy cream and dry sherry.[263]
Sonofabitch stew Western United States A cowboy dish of the Old West. A beef stew, the ingredients of which depended on availability. Sometimes made with offal from a calf.[264]
Vichyssoise Vichyssoise New York City Vichyssoise (/vʃˈswɑːz/ vee-shee-SWAHZ) is a thick soup made of puréed leeks, onions, potatoes, cream, and chicken stock. Its origins is a subject of debate among culinary historians; Julia Child calls it "an American invention",[265] whereas others observe that "the origin of the soup is questionable in whether it's genuinely French or an American creation".[266]
Yaka mein Yaka mein New Orleans A soup that combines influences of Chinese and Creole cuisine. Stewed beef in beef-based broth with noodles, garnished with half a hard-boiled egg and chopped green onions, with Creole or Cajun seasoning.[267]

Steak dishes[edit]

Image Name Associated regions Description
Carne asada fries
Carne asada fries San Diego, California French fries, carne asada, guacamole, sour cream, and cheese.[268]
Chicken fried steak topped with gravy Chicken fried steak Texas A breaded cutlet dish consisting of a piece of tenderized cube steak coated with seasoned flour and pan fried.[269]
Delmonico steak Delmonico steak New York City A method of preparation from one of several cuts of beef (typically the Rib Cut) prepared Delmonico style, made by Delmonico's Restaurant in New York City during the mid-19th century.[270]
A finger steak Finger steaks Southern Idaho Small strips of steak (usually sirloin), battered with a tempura-like batter and deep-fried in oil. Typically served with French fries and fry sauce, and a thick piece of buttered toast.[271]
Pork steak Pork steak St. Louis A steak made from a slice of pork shoulder; often smoked or slow-cooked with barbecue sauce.[272][273][274]
Steak de Burgo Steak de Burgo Des Moines, Iowa Usually consists of a beef tenderloin either topped with butter, garlic, and Italian herbs, or served in a sauce consisting of those same ingredients[275]
Steak Diane Steak Diane New York City A pan-fried beefsteak with a sauce made from the seasoned pan juices, generally prepared in restaurants tableside, and flambéed. It does not appear in the classics of French cuisine, and was probably invented in mid-20th century New York City as part of the fad for tableside-flambéed dishes.[276]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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