List of regions in the human brain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Brodmann areas of a human brain

The human brain anatomical regions are ordered following standard neuroanatomy hierarchies. Functional, connective, and developmental regions are listed in parentheses where appropriate.

Hindbrain (rhombencephalon)[edit]

Myelencephalon[edit]

Metencephalon[edit]

Midbrain (mesencephalon)[edit]

Forebrain (prosencephalon)[edit]

Diencephalon[edit]

Epithalamus[edit]

Third ventricle[edit]

Thalamus[edit]

Hypothalamus (limbic system) (HPA axis)[edit]

Subthalamus(HPA axis)[edit]

Pituitary gland (HPA axis)[edit]

Telencephalon (cerebrum) Cerebral hemispheres[edit]

  red: frontal lobe
  orange: parietal lobe
  yellow: occipital lobe
  green: temporal lobe
  blue: cerebellum
  black: brainstem

White matter[edit]

Subcortical[edit]

Rhinencephalon (paleocortex)[edit]

Cerebral cortex (neocortex)[edit]

Neural pathways[edit]

Motor systems / Descending fibers[edit]

Somatosensory system[edit]

Visual system[edit]

Auditory system[edit]

Nerves[edit]

Neuro endocrine systems[edit]

Neuro vascular systems[edit]

Dural meningeal system[edit]

Limbic system[edit]

The limbic system, also known as the paleomammalian cortex, is a set of brain structures located on both sides of the thalamus, immediately beneath the medial temporal lobe of the cerebrum primarily in the midbrain.[1] The classification of structures as part of the limbic system is historical and originates from the position of the structures at the boundary between two functionally distinct components (hence, the name limbus, meaning border) and the structures' shared roles in emotional processes (see limbic system for more details). Hence, there is overlap of structures in the limbic system and in other classifications of brain structures. The following areas have been considered part of the limbic system.[2][3]

Other areas that have been included in the limbic system include the:

Related topic[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schacter, Daniel L. 2012. Psychology.sec. 3.20
  2. ^ Swenson, Rand. "Chapter 9 - Limbic System". Retrieved 9 January 2015.:
  3. ^ Rajmohan V, Mohandas E (2007). "The limbic system". Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 49 (2): 132–139. doi:10.4103/0019-5545.33264. PMC 2917081. PMID 20711399.

External links[edit]