List of renamed places in India
Many traditional place names were changed in India during British rule, as well as a limited number during earlier Muslim conquests. Ever since the British left India in 1947, many cities, streets, places, and buildings throughout India have been changed back to their original names over the decades. Certain traditional names that have not been changed, however, continue to be popular.
- 1 States or province
- 2 Union territories
- 3 Renamed list
- 4 References
- 5 Notes
States or province
- East Punjab to Punjab (change effective from 26 January 1950; state later trifurcated into modern-day Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab under the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966; Chandigarh becomes a Union Territory and the shared capital city of Punjab and Haryana)
- United Provinces to Uttar Pradesh (change effective from 26 January 1950)
- Madras Presidency's Telugu region (known as Andhra at the time or Trilingadesa or Andhra in old times) and Hyderabad state's Telugu region (known as Naizam at the time) were combined and formed as Andhra Pradesh in 1956. Andhra Pradesh was divided in 2014 and Naizam formed as Telangana state and Andhra (with the exception of most of Bhadrachalam Constituency, Munagala enclave, etc. which were part of original Andhra of Madras Presidency) is referred to as Andhra Pradesh or Navya Andhra Pradesh.
- Travancore-Cochin to Kerala (change effective from 1 November 1956)
- Madhya Bharat to Madhya Pradesh (change effective from 1 November 1959)
- Madras State to Tamil Nadu (change effective from 14 January 1969)
- Mysore to Karnataka (change effective from 1 November 1973)
- Uttaranchal to Uttarakhand (change effective from 1 January 2007)
- Orissa to Odisha (official as of November 2011[update])
Change not yet effective
- West Bengal to Bengal (approved by West Bengal state legislature during September 2017 after Centre's refusal to comply with State's proposal of 3 different names in 3 different languages).
- Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands to Lakshadweep (change effective from 1 November 1973)
- Pondicherry to Puducherry (change effective from 1 October 2006)
Former names of cities and towns in Andhra Pradesh at various times (Pre-Mauryan, Maurayan, Satavahana, Andhra Ikshvaku, Vishnukundina, Eastern Chalukya, Kakateeya, Musunuri, Pemmasani etc. rule) during the course of history. Andhra was mentioned as An-to-lo by Yuan Chang.
- Andhra or Trilingadesa
- Amarapura (during Vishnukundin times) to Amaravati
- Bhavapuri to Bhaava-pattana to Bhavapatta or Bhavapattu to Bapatla, known for Bhavanarayanaswami Temple (Guntur district)
- Birudankaravolu or Birudankitavolu or Birudankinavolu or Birudankitapuram or Birudankinapuram to Bighole or Biccavole to Biccavolu (East Godavari district)
- Dasanapura or Darsi
- Devapura or Devada (Vijayanagaram district)
- Dhamnakada to Dhamnakata to Dhamnakataka to Dhyanakara or Dhaanyakapura or Dhaanyakataka (Mauryan and Satavahana times) or Dhaanyakatakamu to Dhanakataka to Dharanikota (Guntur district)
- Dhandapura or Dhandaprolu or Tsandavolu to Chandavolu to Chandolu (Guntur district)
- Dhakshatapovana or Dhakshavatika or Dhaksharamamu to Draksharamam (East Godavari district)
- Dugdhapavanapuramu or Upamanyupuramu or Kshirapuramu or Kshiraramamu or Palakota (Palathota) or Palakolanu to Palakollu (West Godavari district)
- Durvasapuram to Duvva (West Godavari district)
- Ekasilanagaramu or Vontimitta to Ontimitta, known for (Potana wrote Andhra Mahabhagavatam at Ontimitta Ramalayam) (Kadapa district)
- Gadapa to Kadapa to Kurpah to Cuddapah (by British) to Kadapa
- Garthapuri or Guntur (Guntur district)
- Gonkavaram to Gokavaram, East Godavari district. Named after Gonka I, the ruler of Velanati Choda Dynasty.
- Govatika to Govada
- Gurajala to Gurazala (Guntur district)
- Helapuri (Eastern Chalukya times) or Eluru to Ellore by British to Eluru (change effective 1949)
- Juvikallu to Julakallu to Zulakallu (Guntur district)
- Madhavipattana or Gurindalastha to Gurijala or Gurajala to Gurazala (during British era)
- Kakinandiwada to Cocanada (by British) to Kakinada
- Kalidindi to Madhurantakacholanalluru (Telugu Choda times) to Kalidindi (Krishna District)
- Kanakagiri to Kanigiri (now in Prakasam DIstrict, previously in Nellore District)
- Kandanavrolu to Kandenavolu to Kurnool
- Kandarapura or Kanteru (Guntur District)
- Kantakasela or Kantikossula or Ghantasala
- Karmmarashtra (during Pallava period) for Ongole town and surroundings watered by Gundlakamma river.
- Kharapuri to Karyampudi (venue of the battle of Palnadu) to Karampudi or Karempudi or Caurampoody (by Europeans) to Karampudi
- Kharamandalamu or Karimanal or Cholamandalam or Choramandalam to Choramandala (by the Portuguese) to Choromandel (by the Dutch) to Coromandal (by the British) 
- Kondapalli[a] to Mustafanagar (during Qutub Shahi and early Asaf Jahi times) to Kondapalli
- Kondaveedu or Gopinathapuram to Murtazanagar (during Qutub Shahi and early Asaf Jahi times) to Kondaveedu
- Krövachuru to Krosuru (Guntur district)
- Kundinapuram (near Kondaveedu) to Ameenabad (Guntur district)
- Mahadevicherla (cheruvu) or Mahadevitataka to Madevicherla to Macherla (Guntur district)
- Mahendragiri or Pistapura or Pittapore to Pithapuram (East Godavari district)
- Matsyapuri (Mauryan and Satavahana times) or Masolia (as known by Greek and Roman historians) or Chepalarevu (locally) or Machilipatnam or Masulipatam (by British, Dutch) or Bandar (by Qutub Shahis and Asaf Jahis) to Bandaru or Machilipatnam
- Nelliooru or Nellipuram or Dhaanyapuram or Vikrama Simhapuri to Nelluru to Nellore by British
- Neminadhunuru to Nedunuru (Amalapuram Taluk West Godavri District): It is an ancient Jain town. Named for Neminadha or Neminatha, the 22nd Teerthankara.
- Niravadyapuramu or Niravadyaprolu (during Eastern Chalukya times) to Nidadavole to Nidadavolu
- Nrusimhapuri to Narasimhapuramu to Narasapur to Narasapuramu West Godavari District
- Ongole district to Prakasam district
- Pallavanadu or Palanadu or Pallenadu to Palnadu (Guntur district)
- Peddapalli to Petapoly by the Dutch settlers to Pettipolee or Pettipoly by British or Nizampatnam (during Asaf Jahi era) (Guntur district)
- Puruhutikanagaram, Puruhutikapuram, Puruhutikapatnam, Peethikapuramu or Pistapura to Pithapuram (East Godavari district)
- Penuganchiprolu or Pennegentspoel (by Europeans) (Krishna district)
- Prathipalapura (Pre-Mauryan era) to Bhattiprolu (Krishna district)
- Prolavaram to Polavaram, Krishna district
- Prudhvipuram or Prudhilapuram or Podili
- Rajamahendravaramu or Rajamahendri to Rajahmundry to Rajamahendravaramu
- Rajavolu to Razole (by British) or Rajolu
- Samarlakota to Samalkota (East Godavari district)
- Skandapuri or Kandukuru (Prakasam district)
- Srikakulamu to Chicacole or Sikkolu to Srikakulam
- Sriparvata (Maurayan and Satavahana times) or Vijayapuri to Nagarujunikonda or Nagarjunakonda (Guntur District)
- Tarakapuri or Tanuku (West Godavari district)
- Kandarapura or Skandapura or Tambrapasthana or Tambrapa or Tambrapura or Tamrapuram or Chembrolu (capital of Ganapathideva Gaja Sahiniraya) to Chebrolu (Guntur District)
- Vangalaprolu or Vangavolu to Vangolu to Ongolu to Ongole by British (Prakasam District)
- Vardhamanapuramu to Vardhamanu to Vaddamanu (Guntur district)
- Veligandla or Maarganaarayanapuramu to Veligandla (now in Prakasam District, previously in Nellore District)
- Vengipuram or Pedavegi (West Godavari district)
- Vidarbhapuri or Gudiwada (Krishna district)
- Vijayavatika (Mahabharata times) to Rajendracholapuram (Telugu Choda times) to Bejjamwada to Bezawada by British to Vijayawada
- Vishnukundinapuramu (Vishnukundina times) to Vinukonda (Guntur district)
- Waltair to Vizagapatam to Visakhapatnam
- Viravati to Chandravati, Chandravati to Vadpatra, Vadpatra to Baroda, Baroda to Vadodara (change effective 1974)
- Broach to Bharuch
- Cambay to Khambhat
- Bulsar to Valsad
- Suryapur to Surat
- Bhavena (Gohilwad) to Bhavnagar
Effective from 1st Nov 2014
- Bangalore to Bengaluru, the settlement was originally called Bendakalooru.
- Mangalore to Mangaluru, the settlement was originally called Mangalooru.
- Mysore to Mysuru, the settlement was originally called Mahishasooru.
- Hubli to Hubballi, the settlement was originally called Hoobhalli
- Tumkur to Tumakuru
- Shimoga to Shivamogga, the settlement was originally called Shivana Mogga.
- Belgaum to Belagavi
- Bellary to Ballari
- Gulbarga to Kalaburgi
- Marcera to Madikeri, the settlement was originally called Madanayakana Keri.
- Bijapur to Vijapura
- Hospet to Hosapete
- Chikmagalur to Chikkamagaluru.
- Trivandrum to Thiruvananthapuram (change effective from 1991)
- Cochin to Kochi (change effective from 1996)
- Calicut to Kozhikode
- Quilon to Kollam
- Trichur to Thrissur
- Cannanore to Kannur
- Palghat to Palakkad
- Alleppey to Alappuzha
- Changanacherry to Changanassery
- Alwaye to Aluva
- Parur to Paravur
- Cranganore to Kodungallur
- Badagara to Vatakara
- Tellicherry to Thalassery
- Quilandy to Koyilandy
- Palai to Pala
- Sultan's Battery to Sultan Bathery
- Verapoly to Varapuzha
- Cherpalchery to Cherpulassery
- Koney to Konni
- Sherthalai to Cherthala
- Ahilyanagari/Indur to Indore
- Avantika to Ujjain
- Bhelsa to Vidisha
- Rassen to Raisen
- Saugor to Sagar
- Jubbulpore to Jabalpur
- Bhopal Bairagarh to Sant Hirda Ram Nagar, Bhopal
- Bellasgate to Bheraghat
- Ojjain to Ujjaini
- Mandu to Mandavgarh
- Viratnagari to Shahdol
- Mhow to Dr Ambedkar Nagar
- Bombay to Mumbai (renamed in 1995)
- Nasik to Nashik
- Khadki to Aurangabad
- Poona to Pune
- Thana to Thane
- Bhir to Beed
- Ratnapur to Latur
- Mominabad to Ambajogai
- Ambanagari to Amravati
- Pondicherry to Puducherry (change effective from 1 October 2006)
- Yanaon to Yanam (change effective from merger with Indian Union)
- Jullunder to Jalandhar
- Ropar to Rupnagar
- Mohali to SAS Nagar
- Nawan Shahar to Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar
- Ajaymeru to Ajmer
- Dhedhi Dhani to Mansanagar (District Sikar). (change effective from 27 April 2011)
- Cape Comorin to Kanyakumari
- Ootacamund to Udagamandalam
- Conjeevaram to Kanchipuram
- Karuvur to Karur
- Madras to Chennai (change effective August 1996)
- Madura to Madurai
- Porto Novo to Parangipettai
- Mayavaram to Mayiladuthurai
- Tanjore to Thanjavur
- Tinnevelly to Tirunelveli
- Tranquebar to Tharangambadi
- Trichinopoly to Tiruchirapalli (change effective 1971)
- Trinomalee to Tiruvannamalai
- Tuticorin to Thoothukudi
- Virudupatti to Virudhunagar
- Allygurh to Aligarh
- Cawnpore to Kanpur (change effective 1948)
- Banaras to Varanasi (change effective 1956)
- Kanpur Dehat to Ramabai Nagar district (change effective 2010) and back to Kanpur Dehat (change effective 2012)
- Allahabad to Prayagraj(change effective 2018)
- Faizabad to Ayodhya (change effective on 6 November 2018)
- Muzaffarnagar to Lakshminagar (change effective 1986) and back to Muzaffarnagar
- Calcutta to Kolkata (change effective from 1 January 2001)
- Burdwan to Bardhaman
- Chinsurah to Chuchura
- Adlapur to Adilabad
- Hyderabad to Bhagnagar or Hyderabad to Bhagyanagaram or Hyderabad
- Elagandla to Karimnagar
- Indur to Nizamabad
- Siddapur or Metukuseema or Gulshanabad to Medak
- Rukmampet or Palamoor to Mahabubnagar
- Orugallu to Warangal to Ekasilanagaram (not to be confused with old Ekasilanagaram of Vontimitta) or Warangal
- Bhuvanagiri to Bhongir
- Kambhammettu to Khammam
- "The Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966".
- Dhawan, Himanshi (24 October 2009). "Orissa now Odisha". Times of India. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
- "Orissa celebrates Odisha". The Times of India. Nov 5, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-03.
- "West Bengal to be renamed as 'Bengal' - Times of India".
- "Stories of Bapatla, a Seacoast Town". The Hans India. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- Annual Report of the Department of Archaeology & Museums, Andhra Pradesh . Government of Andhra Pradesh. 1981. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- Kumari, M. Krishna (1985-09-01). Rule Of The Chalukya-Cholas In Andhradesa. B.R. Pub. Corp. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- Natesan, G. A. (1972). The Indian Review. G.A. Natesan & Company.
- Das, Devarapalli Jithendra (1993). The Buddhist Architecture in Andhra. 55: Books & Books. ISBN 9788185016351. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- Sithpati, P. (1980). New sathvahana sculptures from anditra anwravati. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- Kumari, M. Krishna (1990). Social and Cultural Life in Medieval Andhra. Discovery Publishing House. p. 11. ISBN 9788171411023. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- Devi, Yashoda (1993). The History of Andhra Country, 1000 A.D.-1500 A.D.: Administration, literature and society. 13: Gyan Publishing House. ISBN 9788121204859. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- Moorthy, K. K. (1994). The aalayas of Andhra Pradesh: a sixteen-flower-garland. Message Publications.
- (India), Andhra Pradesh; Sivasankaranarayana, Bh; Rajagopal, M. V.; Ramesan, N. (1979). Andhra Pradesh District Gazetteers: West Godavari. Director of Print. and Stationery at the Government Secretariat Press; [copies can be had from: Government Publication Bureau. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- Unnisa, edited by Syeda Azeem; Rav, S. Bhupatthi (2013). Sustainable solid waste management (Online-Ausg. ed.). Toronto: Apple Academic Press. p. 49. ISBN 978-1-926895-24-6. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- Stone, Peter F. (2013-11-19). Oriental Rugs: An Illustrated Lexicon of Motifs, Materials, and Origins. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4629-1184-4. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
- Hunter, Sir William Wilson (23 December 1885). "The Imperial Gazetteer of India". Trübner & Company – via Google Books.
- Committee, Madras Tercentenary Celebration (23 December 1994). "The Madras Tercentenary Commemoration Volume". Asian Educational Services – via Google Books.
- Swarnalatha, P. (2005). The World of the Weaver in Northern Coromandel, C.1750-c.1850. Orient Blackswan. p. 11. ISBN 9788125028680.
- "About Tanuku Municipality | Tanuku Municipality". tanuku.cdma.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
- Prasad, E. S. M. (1997-01-01). Studies in the Natural, Historical, and Cultural Geography and Ethnography of Coastal Andhra: Based on Inscriptions from the Earliest to 1325 A.D. Bharatiya Book Corporation. ISBN 9788185122243.
- Murthi, G. V. Satyanarayana (1968). Abridgement and Reform of Telugu Script. Andhra University Press.
- "Gurgaon will now be called Gurugram". 12 April 2016 – via The Hindu.
- "Goanobserver.com". www.goanobserver.com.
- "Out with Portuguese name 'Sanquelim', New name Sankhali - Goa Chronicle".
- "Government approves new names of 25 towns". NDTV. Press Trust of India. 12 February 2012.
- Christopher Beam (1 December 2008). "Why Did Bombay Become Mumbai? How the city got renamed". www.slate.com. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- ANI (2018-10-20). "UP Guv approves renaming of Allahabad as Prayagraj". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2018-10-21.
- "UP Governor gives permission to change name of Allahabad government institutions to 'Prayagraj' with immediate effect - Republic World". Republic World. Retrieved 2018-10-21.
- Hyderabad: an expat survival guide. Chillibreeze. p. 19. ISBN 9788190405553.
- Kondapalli was the former and also the present name