List of renewable energy topics by country
This is a list of renewable energy topics by country. The list refers to renewable energy in general, as well as solar power, wind power, geothermal energy, biofuel, and hydro-electricity. As of 2013, China, Germany, and Japan, three of the world's four largest economies, as well as India, generate more electricity from renewables than from nuclear power.
Based on REN21's 2014 report, renewables contributed 19 percent to humans' global energy consumption. This energy consumption is divided as 9% coming from traditional biomass, 4.2% as heat energy (non-biomass), 3.8% hydro electricity and 2% is electricity from wind, solar, geothermal, and biomass.
China is the world's largest producer of hydroelectricity, followed by Canada. Wind power capacity is growing at the rate of 26% annually, and is widely used in Europe, Asia, and the United States. Wind power accounts for approximately 30% of electricity use in Denmark, 20% in Portugal, and 18% in Spain.
PV power stations are popular in Japan, China and the United States. The world's largest geothermal power installation is The Geysers in California, with a rated capacity of 750 MW. Brazil has one of the largest renewable energy programs in the world, involving production of ethanol fuel from sugar cane, and ethanol now provides 18 percent of the country's automotive fuel. Ethanol fuel is also widely available in the USA.
While many renewable energy projects are large-scale, renewable technologies are also suited to developing countries, where energy is often crucial in human development. Small solar PV systems provide electricity to a few million households, and micro-hydro configured into mini-grids serves many more.
|Solar power (SP)||Wind power (WP)||Geothermal
|Biofuel (BF)||Hydro power
|Africa||RE in Africa||SP in Africa||WP in Africa||GE in Africa||BF in Africa||Hydro in Africa|
|Asia||RE in Asia||SP in Asia||WP in Asia||GE in Asia||BF in Asia||Hydro in Asia|
|European Union||RE in the EU||SP in the EU||WP in the EU||GE in the EU||BF in the EU||Hydro in the EU|
- Global wind energy markets continue to boom – 2006 another record year (PDF).
- International Energy Agency (2013). IEA Wind Energy: Annual Report 2012 p. 5.
- "Calpine Corporation - The Geysers" (http). Retrieved 2007-05-16.
- America and Brazil Intersect on Ethanol