List of retailers affected by the retail apocalypse

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The following retailers have all either closed or announced plans to close large numbers of retail locations during the time period known as the retail apocalypse and in some cases gone out of business entirely.

Retailers affected by the retail apocalypse[edit]

A–D[edit]

  • Abercrombie & Fitch has closed 300 stores under its own brands including Hollister Co. and abercrombie kids since 2015.
  • Aerosoles (AGI HoldCo) filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in September 2017 and will close up to 74 retail stores, leaving only four flagship stores in New York and New Jersey.[1]
  • Aéropostale filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in May 2016, and closed 113 stores in the United States and all 41 stores in Canada.[2][not in citation given] It emerged from bankruptcy in September.
  • A'gaci filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in February 2018 and announced plans to close 49 of its 76 stores.[3]
  • Alfred Angelo bridal stores shuttered all locations on July 13, 2017, with little advance notice. Frustrated customers were handed bankruptcy forms after walking away empty-handed.[4][not in citation given] The company's corporate offices were abandoned and stores across the United States emptied and shuttered, but the store's official website remained active, with no reference to the closure.[5][not in citation given]
  • American Apparel closed all of its stores, a total of 110, in April 2017 after being acquired by Gildan Activewear. 2,400 workers were laid off.[6][not in citation given]
  • The Andersons, a conglomerate based out of Toledo, Ohio, announced in January 2017 that it would close its remaining stores in Ohio. The stores closed in June 2017 after 65 years in business.[7][not in citation given]
  • Arden B closed all stores by 2015 as part of a turnaround plan by parent company Wet Seal.[8]
  • A&P, formerly America's largest retailer with 15,709 stores at its peak, closed its remaining supermarkets in November 2015 after 156 years in business.[9] This included its namesake chain, along with Food Basics, The Food Emporium, Pathmark, Super Fresh and Waldbaum's, with over half of its stores sold to Acme Markets, Key Food (which included its Food Emporium chain and the Super Fresh trademark) and Stop & Shop.
  • BCBG Max Azria announced the closure of its stores in 2017 and going to department stores and online only. BCBG Max Azria Group filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on February 28, 2017, and was taken over by Marquee Brands and Global Brands Group.[10]
  • Bebe announced plans to close all stores and focus solely on online sales. At its peak, Bebe operated a total of 312 stores, but by March 2017, this was down to 172.[11]
  • Best Buy issued forecasts of a 2.2% compound annual growth rate through 2021; analysts noted that competition from Amazon.com likely played into the low growth expectations.[12] Its shares dropped 10% in value (roughly $1.7 billion in market value) on the news.[12] On March 1, 2018, Best Buy announced that it would close all 250 Best Buy Mobile stores in the United States by the end of May 2018, but the Canadian locations remains open.
  • Blockbuster Inc. filed for bankruptcy in 2010; a vast majority of locations closed within years. As of 2018, only one store, in Bend, Oregon, remains.
  • Bed Bath and Beyond announced in April 2019 that it will close 40 stores, and also open 15 new stores this year.
  • Bloomingdale's in 2012 announced it would close four stores, including at the Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota. Additionally, a home store at Oakbrook Center in Oak Brook, Illinois and full line stores in Perimeter Mall in Dunwoody, Georgia and at White Flint Mall in North Bethesda, Maryland have closed their doors. On January 3, 2013, Bloomingdale's announced that they would close the Las Vegas Home store at Fashion Show Mall.[13]
  • The Bon-Ton, a regional department store operator, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on February 5, 2018. The company said it would close 42 stores.[14] On April 17, 2018 they announced plans to go out of business after being purchased by two liquidators.[15]
  • Borders Group, which included its namesake chain, along with Waldenbooks, filed for bankruptcy and closed all of its stores in 2011.
  • Brookstone filed for bankruptcy on April 3, 2014.[16] In early 2018, some news reports said Brookstone has quietly closed locations including SouthPark Mall, Eastview Mall, Destiny USA, among others. On August 2, 2018, Brookstone announced they would be shuttering all their mall based locations to focus on their Website and Airport Locations, days after the company was considering filing for bankruptcy.[17]
  • Charlotte Russe filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on February 4, 2019 and announced plans to close 94 stores. It had renegotiated its debts in 2018 and plans on liquidating if it cannot be sold by February 17.[18] It closed its online operation and began liquidating its brick-and-mortar inventory on March 7.[19]
  • Charming Charlie filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on December 11, 2017, and plans to close 97 of its stores.[20] Charming Charlie emerged from bankruptcy in April 2018.
  • Chico's FAS closed 120 stores by 2017 and another 50 stores are expected to be closed in 2018.[citation needed]
  • Claire's filed for bankruptcy on March 19, 2018 and will close 92 stores in the process.[21] It emerged from bankruptcy in October.
  • Coldwater Creek closed all stores in 2014 and became an online-only retailer operated by Sycamore Partners, until a new store opened in Burlington, MA in early 2018.[22]
  • Crate & Barrel's children's line Land of Nod closed nearly all of its retail stores in February 2018.[23]
  • David's Bridal declared Chapter 11 bankruptcy in November 2018 to reorganize and shed $400 million in debt. [24]
  • Deb Shops went through its second bankruptcy in December 2014 and closed all its stores in March 2015. The company remains as online only plus size retailer since September 2015.[citation needed]
  • DressBarn announced the closing of the entire 650 store chain on May 21, 2019.[25]

E–H[edit]

  • In May 2017, Express announced that it would be closing all of the Canadian stores, citing a challenging Canadian retail environment and poor exchange rates.[26]
  • Family Christian Stores went out of business entirely in May 2017 and closed 240 stores.[citation needed]
  • Family Dollar announced the closure of up to 390 of its 8,326 locations on March 6, 2019.[27] Parent company Dollar Tree also said it would convert 200 others to Dollar Tree.
  • Fred's announced in April 2019 that 159 stores would close by the end of May due to declining sales and lease expirations, and subsequently announced in May that an additional 104 stores would close by the end of June.[28][29]
  • On March 29, 2015, Best Buy abruptly announced the closure of the Future Shop chain in Canada, with 66 locations closing permanently and 65 locations reopening as Best Buy on April 4, 2015.[30]
  • GameStop announced plans to close at least 150 stores following reports of weak earnings and a grim prediction of sales for 2017.[citation needed] GameStop has been affected by a shift in consumer purchasing habits of games as makers have made it easier to purchase titles online for download, often through consoles, requiring no physical disc.[31]
  • Gander Mountain, an outdoor recreation retailer, announced in March 2017 that it was filing for bankruptcy and would likely close stores. In May 2017, the retailer announced that it was closing all 126 of its locations. However, CEO Marcus Lemonis then indicated that certain flagship stores, particularly in Michigan, might remain open depending on deals with store landlords and rental rates.[32] It was later clarified that likely around 70 stores would remain open, even those currently running liquidation sales, possibly as Camping World, which acquired the company.[33]
  • Gap Inc. announced in September 2017 plans to close 200 stores in 2018, mostly Gap and Banana Republic stores while focusing their efforts on Old Navy and Athleta.[34] In February 28, 2019, the company announced that they will split Gap Inc. into two separate companies, making Old Navy independent from Gap Inc. while at the same time, the company also announced a closure of 230 Gap stores within the next two years.[35][36]
  • Golfsmith filed for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy and closed all stores in 2016. Assets were taken over by Dick's Sporting Goods and a select amount of locations became Golf Galaxy.[citation needed]
  • Gordmans filed for bankruptcy in March 13, 2017, with half of its 100 stores bought up by Stage Stores.[37]
  • GUESS? closed 60 stores in 2017 and is expected to close more than 100 stores in 2018,[3] leaving roughly half from its high of 400 stores.[3]
  • Guitar Center laid off 180 of its 7,000 employees in 2015; by 2018, the retailer was said to be on the verge of bankruptcy due to unsustainable debt loads and the decreasing popularity of musical instruments.[38]
  • Gymboree first announced in the summer of 2017 that it would close 375-450 stores, and subsequently announced in January 2019 that it would be shutting down all Gymboree and Crazy 8 stores in the after its second bankruptcy filing in two years, and also sold its more upscale Janie and Jack business to Gap.[39] In 2018, it decided to close all 290 of Crazy 8 Stores.[40]
  • Haggen, after expansion south of Washington state, filed for bankruptcy on September 8, 2015. On March 11, 2016, Albertsons reached an agreement to acquire the 29 "core" Haggen stores for $106 million, with 15 retaining the Haggen branding.
  • Hancock Fabrics closed its remaining 185 stores in 2016 as a result of its Chapter 11 bankruptcy. [41] A vast majority of its stores were sold to Michaels.
  • Hastings Entertainment, which filed for bankruptcy in June 2016, closed all stores by the end of 2016.
  • hhgregg, which filed for bankruptcy in March 2017, announced that it would close all 220 of its remaining locations in April 2017.[42]
  • On January 26, 2017, HMV Canada announced that it would file for receivership and close all of their stores by April 30, 2017.
  • In September 2018, it was announced that the Henri Bendel brand would be shutting down by early 2019.
  • Hudson's Bay Company announced in February 2019 that it will close all 37 Home Outfitters stores across Canada.

J–R[edit]

  • J. C. Penney announced in February 2017 that it would close 138 stores in 2017. Liquidation sales began on May 22, and stores closed by July 31.[43] Another 8 stores and a distribution center closed in 2018. JCPenney plans to close 30 stores in 2019.
  • J. Crew closed 61 stores in 2017 and sporadically closed additional individual stores in the first quarter of 2018.[44]
  • Kenneth Cole Productions shut down its 63 outlet stores in 2016 to focus its efforts on its e-commerce site.[45]
  • KIKO MILANO US branch announced for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on January 12, 2018, closing most of its stores there.[46]
  • Kit and Ace closed all its stores in the US, UK and Australia in April 2017, and is focusing on e-commerce and its 9 Canadian shops.[47]
  • Kohl's closed 18 stores in March 2016, although the company hasn't closed more stores as of August 2018, and only planning to shrink future Kohl's locations.[48][49]
  • La Senza, owned by L Brands since 2006, had over 800 stores worldwide at its peak in 2010. By January 2017, more than half of these locations were closed, while 329 stores remained open.[50]
  • The Limited filed for bankruptcy in January 2017, went out of business and closed its remaining 250 stores, but Sycamore Partners bought its IP [51]
  • LifeWay Christian Resources announced to close all 170 LifeWay Christian Stores stores and shift its focus to its e-commerce business.[52]
  • Lord & Taylor announced on June 5, 2018, to close 10 stores through 2019 representing 1 in 5 of their store count. This comes after parent company Hudson Bay Company announced plans to shutter the Fifth Avenue store in New York City after they sold the property to WeWork.[53]
  • Lowe's announced in November 2018 that it intended to close 51 stores in North America as part of a plan to improve profitability.[54]
  • Macy's announced plans in March 2017 to close at least 68 stores and eliminate more than 10,000 jobs.[citation needed] Another 13 stores will close in 2018 leaving 19 store yet to be named.
  • Marsh Supermarkets announced on May 11, 2017, that they were filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection and that if they did not find a seller in 60 days, they would close their remaining 44 locations.[55][56] Marsh eventually found buyers for 26 of its 44 stores. The remaining 18 were to be liquidated and closed and some of the other 26 would also be liquidated, as only the buildings were purchased, but not the stores' stocks of inventory.[57]
  • Mattress Firm filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on October 5, 2018. The company plans to close up to 700 of its over 3,200 company-owned stores, primarily in markets with multiple locations in close proximity to one another. Among the planned closures, at least 200 stores were slated for immediate closure. The company stated that they would not conduct liquidation sales for the affected locations, instead sending inventory to remaining stores, warehouses, or distribution centers.[58] The company emerged from bankruptcy in November.
  • MC Sports closed all stores in 2017 as a result of bankruptcy.[59]
  • Michael Kors announced in 2017 that it would close 100 to 125 of its standalone stores over the next two years.[60]
  • Neiman Marcus announced plans in September 2017 to close 25% of its Last Call outlet stores.[61]
  • Nike, Inc. announced plans to shift towards e-commerce and decrease its retail partners from 14,000 to 40.[62]
  • Nine West filed for bankruptcy on April 6, 2018. They stopped selling shoes and closed their retail stores, shifting to online only.[63]
  • Nordstrom was unable to go private in 2017 due to the retail apocalypse.[64]
  • Party City is closing 45 of its 870 stores in 2019, up from its usual 10 to 15 closures each year.[65]
  • Payless ShoeSource filed for bankruptcy in April 2017 and closed 400 of its stores.[66] It emerged from bankruptcy in August, but announced on February 14, 2019 that it was filing for bankruptcy again and that it would close all of their stores and its online operation in the United States.[67]
  • Perfumania Holdings, which sells discount perfumes, filed for bankruptcy in August 2017 and closed 64 of its 226 stores.[68] It emerged from bankruptcy in October.
  • RadioShack filed for bankruptcy in March 2017 and planned to close 552 stores. This was the company's second bankruptcy filing in two years.[citation needed]
  • Ralph Lauren closed its five-story New York City flagship store on Fifth Avenue in April 2017.[69][70][71]
  • Rockport filed for bankruptcy in May 2018. The company that bought the company out of bankruptcy closed all 60 of its brick-and-mortar stores in July of that year.[72]
  • The Room Store filed for bankruptcy on December 12, 2011. Throughout 2012, all Room Store locations, except Arizona, which included Texas and the Eastern and Southern United States, were closed. The Phoenix-area stores (which were owned by The RoomStores of Phoenix, LLC), the last remains of the chain, were closed in 2016.
  • rue21, in April 2017, announced plans to close around 400 stores.[73] It filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on May 16, 2017,[74] and emerged from bankruptcy in September.

S–W[edit]

  • Sam's Club, a subsidiary of Walmart, closed 63 stores, and 12 of the 63 locations are expected to be converted into fulfillment centers.[75] Sam's Club locations in the United States decreased to 597.[75]
  • Sears Holdings, the parent company of Sears and Kmart, announced plans to close approximately 150 Sears and Kmart stores.[76] The retailer, as part of required reporting, stated to the Securities and Exchange Commission that it had substantial doubt that any of its stores could continue to survive. Such a report is typically considered damaging to a company, as it affects their supply line.[77] On April 20, 2017, Business Insider reported that the company was "quietly closing" more stores than it had initially announced and compiled a list of ten additional Sears and Kmart locations that were closing.[78] On April 22, Sears also announced plans to close 50 of its auto centers and 92 pharmacies within Kmart locations.[79] On June 6, 2017, they announced that an additional 72 Sears stores would be closed.[80] On June 23, they announced the closure of a further 18 Sears stores and 2 Kmarts.[81] In a blog post, Sears Holdings C.E.O. Eddie Lampert stated "more closings are coming."[82] The Canadian subsidiary, Sears Canada, successfully petitioned the courts on October 13, 2017, to allow it to close down the entire organization, including 130 stores, and liquidate all its assets by January 21, 2018, terminating around 12,000 positions.[83][84] As such, all outlets were closed on January 14, 2018.[85] Also in January 2018, Sears Holdings announced it would close 103 more stores by the end of April, 64 from the Kmart division, and 39 Sears stores.[86] The company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on October 15, 2018. On February 8, 2019, Eddie Lampert announced a $5.2 billion bid for Sears to survive.
  • Shopko filed for bankruptcy on January 16, 2019, and plans to close 250 of its more than 360 stores. However, on March 18, 2019, Shopko announced the closure of all remaining stores, due to a buyer not being found for the chain. Liquidation sales are expected to end in the summer.
  • Southeastern Grocers, owner of BI-LO, Harveys, Winn-Dixie, and Fresco y Más, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on March 15, 2018. They are set to close down 94 out of 528 of their stores, many of which will have their related leases rejected and lease rejection claims rendered unimpaired. It emerged from bankruptcy in June.
  • Sports Authority filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on March 2, 2016. The company's stores were sold to a group of liquidators and its CEO announced that all stores would close by the end of August 2016.[87][88]
  • Styles for Less filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on November 7, 2017.[89]
  • Target Canada, the Canadian subsidiary of the Target Corporation, announced on January 15, 2015, that it would close all 133 stores in Canada by April 12, 2015.[90]
  • Teavana announced plans to close all 379 stores in 2018, with parent company Starbucks citing lower mall traffic, and on August 29, 2017, Simon Property Group sued Starbucks over the Teavana closures.[91]
  • Tops Friendly Markets filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in February 21, 2018, with over $1.18 billion in liabilities.[92] The company announced on August 30, 2018 that they would close ten stores.[93] The chain emerged from bankruptcy in November.
  • On August 29, 2018, DSW, Inc. announced the closure of its all Town Shoes stores in Canada. The stores are expected to shut down by early 2019.
  • Toys "R" Us filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in September 2017 with over $5 billion in debt.[94][95] It announced that its Canadian subsidiary would seek bankruptcy protection in parallel proceedings.[96] On January 24, 2018, the retailer announced plans to close a total of 180 of its Toys "R" Us and subsidiary Babies "R" Us locations in the United States, approximately 20% of its U.S. store base, pending court approval. At least half of the closures will come from Babies "R" Us locations. In addition to closures, the retailer plans to quickly revamp a dozen locations to better co-brand the baby and toy experience with more revamps coming, cut the number of items offered in existing stores, revamp the loyalty program and pricing model to be more competitive, and promote the baby registry business to generate more sales of higher-priced items.[97][98] In February 2018, Toys R Us announced that it will close 200 more stores. On March 8, 2018; Bloomberg News reported that Toys "R" Us is considering closing the U.S. operations entirely.[99] On March 14, 2018, the retailer announced it was shutting down all 100 of its locations in the United Kingdom, resulting in the loss of 3,000 positions.[100] Later the same day, it was announced that all U.S. locations would be sold or closed, affecting as many as 33,000 jobs.[101] Billionaire Isaac Larian of toy manufacturer MGA Entertainment has together with other investors pledged $200 million as of March 22, 2018 to salvage up to 400 of the stores.[102] Regardless, liquidation sales at all Toys"R"Us and Babies"R"Us began on March 23, 2018,[103] and all of the remaining stores closed permanently on June 29, 2018, However, the Canadian stores remain open. However, in late 2018, the brand name was pulled out of bankruptcy protection; there are currently plans for it to return in the form of specialty stores under the name "Geoffrey's Toy Box", eventually, in February 2019, Tru Kids, acquired the Toys R Us and Babies R Us brands and plans to re-open the Toys R Us and Babies R Us in the United States while also opening new stores in international markets.
  • True Religion announced on July 12, 2017, the closure of 27 stores as a result of Chapter 11 bankruptcy.[104][105] True Religion emerged from bankruptcy in October.
  • Urban Outfitters, along with Anthropologie and Free People, despite opening 19 stores for fiscal 2018, plans to close 7 stores that same year, as "shoppers don't like their clothing", according to MarketWatch.[106]
  • Under Armour has closed more than 50 stores due to slowing sales.[69]
  • Vanity, a mall clothing store based in Fargo, North Dakota closed all of their stores by April 2017.[107]
  • Vitamin World, a retailer of vitamins and health supplements, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on September 12, 2017. The company plans to close 51 stores out of the 334 total; already 45 stores have been closed since 2016.[108] It was sold to Feihe International, Inc. in 2018.
  • Vera Bradley will close some stores in 2018.[citation needed]
  • Victoria's Secret announced a closure of 83 stores: 30 in 2018, and 53 in 2019, up from the previous average of 15 per year.[109] These combined closures amount for about 7% of the brand's stores. The parent company divested itself of La Senza, which was further impacted by the retail apocalypse.
  • The Walking Company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in March 8, 2018 with over $40 million in outstanding loans and $11.7 million in bond obligations.[110] It emerged from bankruptcy in July.
  • Wet Seal filed for its second bankruptcy in January 2017 and announced plans to close all its stores, which numbered 171 at the time.[111]

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