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List of revolutions and rebellions

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The storming of the Bastille, 14 July 1789, during the French Revolution.
Greek War of Independence, (1821–30), rebellion of Greeks within the Ottoman Empire, a struggle which resulted in the establishment of an independent Greece.

This is a list of revolutions, rebellions, insurrections, and uprisings.


  Revolutionary/rebel victory
  Revolutionary/rebel defeat
  Another result (e.g. a treaty or peace without a clear result, status quo ante bellum, result unknown or indecisive)
  Ongoing conflict

1–999 AD[edit]




The so-called kuruc were armed anti-Habsburg rebels in Royal Hungary between 1671 and 1711.
Depiction of the Battle of Vinegar Hill during the Irish Rebellion of 1798.


Castle Hill convict rebellion (1804): The Battle of Vinegar Hill.
Norwegian Constituent Assembly in 1814
The defeat of the Spanish army at Ayacucho on 9 December 1824 was the definitive end of Spain's empire on the South America mainland.
Fighting in the streets of Lyon during the 1831 revolt
Cheering revolutionaries during the Revolutions of 1848


Battle of the Yangtze during the Taiping Rebellion.
A scene from the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Execution of mutineers by blowing from a gun by the British, 8 September 1857.
Confederate soldiers killed behind wall during the Battle of Chancellorsville of the American Civil War.
Paris Commune, 29 May 1871
The Herzegovina uprising of 1875–1877 was an uprising led by Christian population, mostly Serbs, against the Ottoman Empire
Boxer Rebellion fighting Eight-Nation Alliance
The current Puerto Rican Flag was flown for the first time in Puerto Rico by Fidel Vélez and his men during the "Intentona de Yauco" revolt


Demonstrations in Istanbul during the Young Turk Revolution


Leaders of the 1910 revolt after the First Battle of Juárez. Seen are José María Pino Suárez, Venustiano Carranza, Francisco I. Madero (and his father), Pascual Orozco, Pancho Villa, Gustavo A. Madero, Raul Madero, Abraham González, and Giuseppe Garibaldi II
Establishment of Republic of China Hubei Military Government on 11 October 1911, the day after Wuchang uprising
1917 – Execution at Verdun during the winter of 1916


Riffian Berber rebels during the Rif War in Spanish Morocco, 1922


Soldiers assembled in front of the Throne Hall, Siam, 24 June 1932
Austrian Civil War: Army soldiers take position in front of the Vienna State Opera


Patrol of Lieut. Stanisław Jankowski ("Agaton") from Battalion Pięść, 1 August 1944: "W-hour" (17:00)
The PLA enters Beijing in the Pingjin Campaign and control the later capital of PRC


External audio
audio icon Newsreel scenes in Spanish of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party Revolts of the 1950s here
Barricades in Algiers. "Long live Massu" (Vive Massu) is written on the banner. (January 1960)
Raúl Castro (left), with his arm around second-in-command Ernesto "Che" Guevara, in their Sierra de Cristal Mountain stronghold in Oriente Province Cuba, 1958.


Portuguese soldiers in Angola
Barricades in Bordeaux during the May 68 revolt in France.


Khomeini returns to Iran after 14 years exile on 1 February 1979
Nicaraguan National Guard clashes with Sandinista rebels in 1979, during the Nicaraguan Revolution.


Diretas Já demonstration in São Paulo, Brazil, 1984, demanding direct presidential election and an end to the military dictatorship.
Fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, during the Revolutions of 1989.


Russian Mil Mi-8 helicopter downed by Chechens near Grozny, December 1994


Police clash with protestors during the December 2001 riots in Argentina.


Tahrir Square protest during the Arab Spring in Egypt.
A line of riot police in the city of Kyiv during the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.
YPJ fighters during the Rojava Revolution.
The sentencing of nine Catalan independence leaders in a 2019 trial triggered protests in Catalonia.
2019–2020 Hong Kong protests


See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Dutch Brigade
  2. ^ Vietnamese observers totaled 80-100.[citation needed]


  1. ^ P.E. Newberry, The Seth rebellion of the 2nd Dynasty, in Ancient Egypt., no. 7. 1922. pp. 40–46.
  2. ^ Jimmy Dunn, "Khasekhem/Khasekhemwy of Egypt's 2nd Dynasty", Tour Egypt
  3. ^ Finegan, Jack (2019). Archaeological History Of The Ancient Middle East. Routledge. p. 43. ISBN 978-0-429-72638-5.
  4. ^ Li, Feng (2006). Axel Menges (ed.). Landscape and Power in Early China: The Crisis and Fall of the Western Zhou 1045-771 BC. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-521-85272-2.
  5. ^ Sources of Western Zhou History: Inscribed Bronze Vessels by Edward L. Shaughnessy
  6. ^ Sima Qian. Records of the Grand Historian. Vol. 4.
  7. ^ Lipschits, Oled (2005). The Fall and Rise of Jerusalem: Judah under Babylonian Rule. Eisenbrauns. pp. 13–18. ISBN 978-1575060958.
  8. ^ Clayton, Peter A. (2006). Chronicle of the Pharaohs: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers and Dynasties of Ancient Egypt (Paperback ed.). Thames & Hudson. pp. 195–197. ISBN 0-500-28628-0.
  9. ^ Jigoulov, Vadim S. (8 April 2016). The Social History of Achaemenid Phoenicia: Being a Phoenician, Negotiating Empires. Routledge. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-134-93809-4.
  10. ^ Rawlinson, George; Gilman, Arthur (1892). The Story of Ancient Egypt. G. P. Putnam. p. 396. ISBN 978-0-8482-5897-9.
  11. ^ Briant, Pierre (2002). From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire. Eisenbrauns. pp. 115–116. ISBN 9781575061207.
  12. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, 1.57
  13. ^ Ober, Josiah (1996). The Athenian Revolution. Princeton University Press. pp. 32–52.
  14. ^ Herodotus VI, 33
  15. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, Book 2
  16. ^ a b Dandamaev, Muhammad A. (1993). "Xerxes and the Esagila Temple in Babylon". Bulletin of the Asia Institute. 7: 41–45. JSTOR 24048423.
  17. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainTod, Marcus Niebuhr (1911). "Archidamus s.v. 2". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 367.
  18. ^ Herodotus VIII, 126
  19. ^ Diodorus XI, 77
  20. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita 3.55.13
  21. ^ Cornell, T.J. (1995). The Beginnings of Rome. Routledge. p. 265.
  22. ^ a b Livy. "6-7". Ab urbe condita.
  23. ^ Dionysius, xi. 60.
  24. ^ Floro (1929). "X". Epitome of Roman History.
  25. ^ "Cassius Dio — Fragments of Book 12". penelope.uchicago.edu.
  26. ^ Hong Liu (2015). The Chinese Strategic Mind. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 145. ISBN 9781783474141.
  27. ^ "The great revolt of the Egyptians (205–186 BC)". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
  28. ^ Livy, History of Rome from Its Foundation: Rome and the Mediterranean (Books 31-45), Penguin Classics, Reprint edition, 1976; ISBN 978-0140443189
  29. ^ Schurer, Emil (1891). A History of the Jewish People in the Times of Jesus Christ. Vol. 1. Hendrickson Publishers. ISBN 1565630491.
  30. ^ Rafe de Crespigny (1967). "An Outline of the Local Administrations of the Later Han Empire" (PDF). Chung-chi Journal: 57–71.
  31. ^ Appian. "6, The Spanish wars". Roman History, The foreign Wars.
  32. ^ Appian. Foreign Wars.
  33. ^ Appian. History of Rome.
  34. ^ Mommsen, Theodor (1958). The History of Rome (Collins & Saunders ed.). Meridin Books.
  35. ^ Conole, P. (1981). "Allied Disaffection and the Revolt of Fregellae1". Antichthon. 15: 129–140. doi:10.1017/S0066477400004615. ISSN 0066-4774. S2CID 151724816.
  36. ^ A. H. Beesely, The Gracchi, Marius, and Sulla Epochs of Ancient History, (Kindle edition), ch. VI., p. 57
  37. ^ Beard, Mary (2008). Pompeii. Profile Books LTD. ISBN 978-1-86197-596-6.
  38. ^ Plut. Sull. 9.3; Plut. Mar. 35.4
  39. ^ Telford, Lynda. Sulla: A Dictator Reconsidered.
  40. ^ Dupuy and Dupuy, The Encyclopaedia of Military History, p. 93.
  41. ^ Julius Exsuperantius, On the civil Wars of Marius, Lepidus and Sertorius, 38-42
  42. ^ Appian, Civil Wars, 1:120
  43. ^ Florus, Epitome, 2.8.
  44. ^ Sallust, Bellum Catilinae XVIII.5; Asconius 92C; Dio Cassius XXXVI.44.3
  45. ^ Crispus, Gaius Sallustius. The Conspiracy of Catiline.
  46. ^ "Julius Caesar: The first triumvirate and the conquest of Gaul". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
  47. ^ Hornblower, S., Spawforth, A. (eds.) The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (1998) pp. 219–24
  48. ^ Dio, 48.49
  49. ^ Dio, Cassius. "23". Book LIII.
  50. ^ Frontier and Society in Roman North Africa. Dr. David Cherry. Oxford University Press. 1998. pp. 38
  51. ^ Raymond Brown, An Adult Christ at Christmas: Essays on the Three Biblical Christmas Stories, Matthew 2 and Luke 2 by Raymond E. Brown (Liturgical Press, 1978), page 17.
  52. ^ Suetonius (2007). "The Life of Tiberius". The Life of The Twelve Caesars. Penguin Classics. pp. 16–17. ISBN 978-0140455168.