List of rice varieties

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Worldwide there are 40,000 varieties of rice, species name Oryza sativa. There are also varieties of African rice, species name Oryza glaberrima, and Zizania spp., sometimes called Canada rice or wild rice. Here are some of the common and popular varieties.

Major categories[edit]

There are four major categories of rice worldwide: Indica, japonica, aromatic and glutinous.[1]

African varieties[edit]

Australian varieties[edit]

  • Doongara – semi-dwarf long grain, hard cooking (high amylose)
  • Illabong – semi-dwarf arborio style
  • Koshihikari – tall short grain Japonica style
  • Kyeema – tall long grain, fragrant
  • Langi – semi-dwarf long grain, soft jade cooking (low amylose)
  • Opus – semi-dwarf short grain Japonica style
  • Reiziq – semi-dwarf medium grain
  • Sherpa – semi-dwarf medium grain
  • Topaz – semi-dwarf fragrant long grain

Bangladeshi varieties[edit]

  • Akia Beruin pattyyy theddi rice
  • Akia Beruin White
  • Balam Dhan – a group of local Aman rice varieties
  • Balam-small Red
  • Balam-small White
  • Bashmoti Rice
  • BINA Dhan – a group of high-yielding rice varieties developed by Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture
  • Binni Rice
  • BRRI Dhan – a group of high-yielding rice varieties developed by Bangladesh Rice Research Institute
  • Chinigura Rice
  • Digha Dhan – a group of deepwater Aman rice varieties
  • Hail Girvi
  • Hamim
  • Hori Dhan
  • Kalijira Rice – similar to basmati and jasmine rice but with very tiny, short grains, resembling sushi rice
  • Kalo Beruin
  • Katari Bhog
  • Kathali Beruin Red
  • Kathali Beruin White
  • Khara Beruin
  • Khato Dosh
  • Lapha
  • Lathial-7 Red
  • Lathial-7 White
  • Loha Sura
  • Matichak
  • Miniket Rice
  • Modhu Beruin Red
  • Modhu Beruin White
  • Mou Beruin
  • Moulata
  • Najir Shail
  • Pajam
  • Pakh Beruin
  • Raujan-1
  • Raujan-2
  • Sakhorkhana
  • Shail Dhan – a group of exotic Aman rice varieties
  • Tepu Dhan
  • Thakur Bhog

Burmese varieties[edit]

Cambodian varieties[edit]

  • Bonla Pdao(បន្លាផ្ដៅ)
  • Cammalis – extra long jasmine rice
  • Long Rice
  • Neang Khon (នាងខុន)
  • Neang Minh (នាងមិញ) – long grain rice
  • Phka Khnei (ផ្កាខ្ញី) – fragrant variety, phka meaning "flower"
  • Phkar Malis (ផ្កាម្លិះ) – Cambodia Jasmine Rice
  • Phka Romdul (ផ្ការំដូល)
  • Red Rice (ម៉ាលីសក្រហម)
  • Sen Kro Ob (សែនក្រអូប)
  • Sen Pi Dao (សែនពិដោ)
  • Rang chhory (រាំងជ័យ)

Canadian varieties[edit]

Chinese varieties[edit]

Dominican varieties[edit]

French varieties[edit]

Greek varieties[edit]

  • Bella
  • Fancy[4]
  • Fino/Nychaki
  • Lais
  • Soupé

Indian Varieties[edit]

Rice varieties of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana

  • Chitti Mutyalu

Rice varieties of Karnataka[edit]

  • BR-2655 (produced in SFPP Project, VC Farm, Mandya, Karnataka, India)
  • IR-30864
  • Jaya[8]
  • Kagga of Manikatta [9]
  • Thanu[10]
  • Tunga

Rice varieties of Odisha[edit]

  • Nalihati (non-aromatic)
  • Padmakeshari (aromatic)
  • Kalamoti (aromatic)
  • Balami (aromatic)
  • Kalajiri (aromatic)
  • Tulasibasa (aromatic)
  • Pimpudibasa (aromatic)
  • Swarna (non-aromatic)
  • Nalabainsi (non-aromatic)
  • Pateni (non-aromatic)

Traditional Kerala rice varieties[edit]

  • Arikirai
  • Aryan (ml:ആര്യൻ)
  • Boli Ari
  • Cheera Thouvan
  • Chembaavu (ചെമ്പാവ്)
  • Chenjeera
  • Chennellu
  • Cherumadan
  • Chitteni (ml:ചിറ്റേനി)
  • Chuvanna Choman
  • D1 (Uma)
  • Dhebi
  • Gandhakasala
  • Jeerakasala
  • Kaattaazhi (കാറ്റാഴി)
  • Kariyadukkan
  • Karutharikannan
  • Keeripallan
  • Kochathikkalaari (കൊച്ചതിക്കലാരി)
  • Kodukayama
  • Kozhivalan
  • Kumaro-athikkalaari (കുമരൊ അതിക്കലാരി)
  • Kunjinellu
  • Kunjuvithu
  • Kuppakayama
  • Kuttadan (കുറ്റാടൻ)
  • Malakkannan
  • Malakkaran
  • Matta Palakkad (പാലക്കാടന്‍ മട്ട)
  • Modan
  • Moorkhan
  • Mundakan (മുണ്ടകൻ)
  • Mundodan
  • Mundot
  • Munnayan
  • Nallachennellu
  • Njavara
  • Odachan
  • Oryssa
  • Palliyaran
  • Paravalappan
  • Ponnariyan
  • Punjakayama
  • Rajadhani
  • Rajakayama
  • Ratha Choodi
  • Sughikayama
  • Thavalakkannan (ml:തവളക്കണ്ണൻ)
  • Thonnuran
  • Thottam
  • Thovvan
  • Undakayama
  • Vachan
  • Vattan (ml:വട്ടൻ)
  • Vayalthoova (വയൽത്തൂവ)
  • Vellachoman
  • Vellariyan
  • Vellathovvan
  • Velutharikannan
  • Wayanad Kayamma (കയമ്മ)

Assamese rice varieties[edit]

  • Bahadur
  • Bora
  • IR-8 – modern rice, not cultivated
  • Jaha
  • Jahingia
  • Kushal
  • Laodubi
  • Malbhog
  • Maniram
  • Manuhar
  • Molakolukulu
  • Naldubi
  • Sali
  • Suwagmoni

Tamil Nadu rice varieties[edit]

  • Aduthurai (ADT-1 to 49)
  • Akshayadhan[11]
  • Ambasamudharam (ASD-1 to 19)
  • Amsipiti Dhan
  • Aravan Kuruva
  • Ariyan Nel
  • Arubatham Samba (CO-21)
  • Aruvadhan Kodai
  • Arwa
  • Basmati Tukda
  • Trichy 3
  • Bhatta Dhan
  • Biagunda Dhan
  • Bod Dhan
  • Chengalpattu Sirumani
  • Chennel
  • Chithiraikar (Pondy)
  • Chithiraikkar
  • Chomala
  • Chot Dhan
  • Cochin Samba
  • Coimbatore (CO-1 to 51) (TNAU-variety release 2013)
  • Eravapandi (PTB-18)
  • Gandakesala
  • Improved Samba Mahsuri
  • Improved White Ponni
  • IR-20 – modern rice
  • Molakolukulu
  • IR-50 – modern rice
  • Molakolukulu
  • Jil Jil Vaigunda
  • Jirkudai
  • Jogarnath Dhan
  • Kadaikazhuthan
  • Kaividhai Samba
  • Kalarpaalai
  • Kalarpalai
  • Kalinga III[12]
  • Kaliyan Samba
  • Kallimadaiyan
  • Kallundai
  • Kallurundaiyan
  • Kamban Samba
  • Kandasel/Kandasali
  • Kappakkar
  • Kappa Samba
  • Kar Samba
  • Karthigai Samba
  • Karunguruvai
  • Karuppu Nel
  • Karuthakkar
  • Katarni
  • Kattanur Nel
  • Katta Samba
  • Kattukuthalam
  • Kattu Samba
  • Kattu Vaniyam
  • Kitchili Samba
  • Kollan Samba
  • Kollikkar
  • Konakkuruvai
  • Koomvalai
  • Kouni Nel
  • Kudaivazhai
  • Kudavazhai
  • Kudhiraival Samba
  • Kullakaar
  • Kundri Manisamba
  • Kunthali
  • Kurangu Samba
  • Kuruvai
  • Kuruvai Kalanchiyam
  • Kuruvaikalayan (ASD-4)
  • Kuzhiyadichan
  • Lakshmi Kajal
  • Lendhi Dhan
  • Mahate
  • Mal-bhog
  • Manakathai
  • Mansoori
  • Mappillai Samba
  • Maranel
  • Mathimuni
  • Mattai 110
  • Mattaikkar
  • Mattaikkuruvai (ADT-26)
  • Mottakur
  • Murugangar Nel
  • Muttakkar
  • Nalla Manisamba
  • Navara
  • Neelasamba
  • Ninni Dhan
  • Norungan
  • Njavara
  • Oazhava Katrazhai
  • Ondrarai Samba
  • Oldisaur Dhan
  • Ottadai
  • Paddy varieties conserved by CIKS[13]
  • Parwmal
  • Pathrakali
  • Pattaraikkar
  • Pattar Pisin
  • Periyavari
  • Perungar
  • Pisini
  • Pitchavari
  • Ponni Rice
  • Poongar
  • Poovan Samba
  • Puzhuthiikar
  • Puzhuthikal
  • Puzhuthi Samba
  • Rasagadam
  • Rongalachi Dhan
  • Sadakar
  • Siraga samba
  • Samba
  • Samba Mosanam
  • Sandikar
  • Sanna Samba (ADT-13)
  • Seela Rice
  • Seeraga Samba
  • Selam Samba
  • Sembilipanni
  • Sempalai
  • Sempalai (D.K.M.)
  • Sigappu Jermany
  • Sigappu Kuzhiyadichan
  • Sivappu Chithiraikar
  • Sivappu Kuruvikar
  • Soolaikuruvai
  • Sooran Kuruvai
  • Sornavali
  • Sornavari
  • Sureka
  • Surti Kolam/Kolam (varieties of Gujrat)
  • Thangam Samba
  • Thidakkal
  • Thinni
  • Thooyamallee
  • Trichy 3
  • Tulsi-manjari Black
  • Vadan Samba
  • Vaigunda
  • Valla Arakkan
  • Vangu Vellai
  • Varadhan[14]
  • Varalan
  • Varappu Kudainchan
  • Vasaramundan
  • Veer Adangan
  • Veethivadangan (ASD-3)
  • Velchi
  • Veliyan
  • Vellai Chithiraikkar
  • Vellaikkariyan
  • Vellaikkuruvai
  • Vellaikkuruvai (Sobanapuram – Thuraiyur)
  • Vellai Nel
  • Vellai Poonkar

West Bengal

There were more than 82700 land races (folk rice) in India (NBPGR 2007-08- Annual Report, National Bureau of Plant genetic Resource, New Delhi) and West Bengal had more than 5000 varieties. Only 150 may be found in farmers' fields. These have not not been studied or evaluated, and many of them can compete with modern varieties with organic mode only. Thus it reduces the cost of production and giving a sustainable grain yield of 4.5-6 ton / ha. These are Kerala Sunadari (a selection from Purulia district of West Bengal), Bahurupi, Kesabsal, Rabansal etc. The Agricultural Training Centre, Govt. of West Bengal, Fulia, Nadia, West Bengal, India has been conserving folk rice for the last 15 years through organic mode. It has now 415 folk varieties (2016) and is distributing them among the farmers who understand the intrinsic valve of folk seeds. These have been collected from VRIHI, Save Our Rice Campaign, Sahaja Samrudhua, Richharia Campaign, Swala, DRCSC, and farmers of the state and various parts of India. The center has more than 50 aromatic varieties, 50 red rice varieties, 45 fine rice, and 15 deep water paddy. These include:

  • Alai
  • Amkel
  • Antarbhet
  • Are emo
  • Adansilpa
  • Agarali
  • Agniban
  • Aguripak
  • Anshphal
  • Arabaihar
  • Arabaihar
  • Are hat Punko
  • Aroar
  • Asanliya
  • Bahurupi
  • Begun bichi
  • Bhaaluki
  • Bhaludubraj
  • Bhasa Kalmi
  • Bhasa manik
  • Birpana
  • Badamphul
  • Badshabhog
  • Bahdurbhog
  • Baigan monjia
  • Bakui
  • Balam
  • Balaramsal
  • Banglaptanai
  • Baranali
  • Barshalakshmi
  • Baskathi
  • Basmoti-370
  • Baspata
  • Bhimsal
  • Bhogdhan
  • Bhutia
  • Birahi
  • Birai
  • Bodimani
  • Chamarmani
  • Chamatkar
  • Chinakamini
  • Chandrakanata
  • Deko 2
  • Denta
  • Dheku
  • Dhundhuni
  • Dudheswar
  • Dudheswar Sundarban
  • Danaguri
  • Dandkhani
  • Dandsal
  • Danti
  • Dayalmadina
  • Debsundari
  • Dehradun Gandheswari
  • Desi Jarhan Baihar
  • Desidhan
  • Dhapa
  • Dharaial
  • Dhusari
  • Dolle Kartick
  • Dope
  • Dubraj
  • Dudheswar
  • Dudhkalma
  • Dwarkasal
  • Fulmugri
  • Gangabaru
  • Garikhajara
  • Geligeti
  • Ghios
  • Ghurghupaijam
  • Gitanjali
  • Gobindabhog
  • Gopalbhog
  • Goradhan
  • Janglijata
  • Haldichuri
  • Haludgati
  • Hamai
  • Hamilton
  • Harinkajli
  • Hatidhan
  • Hendebaihar
  • Heruajoha
  • HJP 110 (selected by Joy Prakash Singh of Benras)
  • HJP 72 (selected by Joy Prakash Singh of Benras)
  • HJP 73 (selected by Joy Prakash Singh of Benras)
  • HJP 77 (selected by Joy Prakash Singh of Benras)
  • HJP sahebbhog (selected by Joy Prakash Singh of Benras)
  • HMT (selected by Dadaji Khobragare of Maharstra)
  • Hogla
  • HP 203 (selected by Joy Prakash Singh of Benras)
  • Hamiltan
  • Hangara
  • Hormanona
  • Itanagar
  • Jabaful
  • Jalkamini
  • Jamainaru
  • Jasmine
  • Jata
  • Jhili
  • Jhinge sal
  • Jhingesal L
  • Jhuli
  • Jhulur
  • Jhumpuri
  • Jigiresamba
  • Jugal
  • Jabra
  • Jaldhapa
  • Jaldubi
  • JP 57 (selected by Joy Prakash Singh of Benras)
  • Jubri dhan
  • Kaleti
  • Kaloboro
  • Kumragore
  • Kabirajsal
  • Kabirajsal Odisha
  • Kaggavat
  • Khara
  • Kahndagiri
  • Kaika
  • Kalachipta
  • Kalalahi
  • Kalamdani
  • Kalodhan
  • Kalodhapa
  • Kalogoda
  • Kalojira
  • Kalonunia
  • Kaltura
  • Kalavat
  • Kaminibhog
  • Kamolsankari
  • Kanakchur
  • Kanchafulo
  • Kankri
  • Karigavole
  • Karikagga
  • Karni
  • Kasiphul
  • Kasuabinni
  • Katarangi
  • Kataribhog
  • Katki
  • Kendu Manjia
  • Kerala Sundar
  • Kesab sal
  • Khadwak
  • Kolajoha
  • Kolkiala pateni
  • Komol
  • Krishanabhog
  • Kuji Pateni
  • Kute Patnai
  • Laghu
  • Lakhsman sal
  • Lalbadshabhog
  • Lalbasmati
  • Laldhan Patela
  • Laldhapa
  • Lalgetu
  • Lalkalam
  • Lalsita
  • Lathisal
  • Lusri
  • Lalbahal
  • Laldhan
  • Lalsaru
  • Lalu
  • Langlamuthi
  • Lohoindi
  • Maiganguri
  • Malabati
  • Maliagiri
  • Marikhas
  • Meghi
  • Meghnad Dumru
  • Mohini 2
  • Motabaihar
  • Moulo
  • Machakanata
  • Madhumala
  • Malsiara
  • Marichsal
  • Markali
  • Mastaer patnai
  • Matidhan
  • Matla
  • Medi
  • Mehadi
  • Mohonbhog
  • Mugojai
  • Nagaland kalo
  • Nalipankhia
  • Nikkodan
  • Nivar
  • Nonakshitish
  • Nagaland
  • Nagalanmd Sada
  • Nageswari
  • Nagra patnai
  • Narayan 21
  • Narayan kamini
  • Narkelchari
  • Naryan Patnai (selected by Naryan Ch Bachar of West Bengal)
  • Neli emo
  • Orasal
  • P 64 From Meghalya
  • P 66 From Meghalaya
  • Pakistani Basmati
  • Pakri
  • Pankha Gura
  • Pari
  • Paru
  • Pateni
  • Patikalam
  • Patnai 23
  • Payti emo
  • Putkhalai
  • Parbal
  • Parimolsana
  • Phakirmoni
  • Pokali
  • Rabansal
  • Radhatilak
  • Radhuni pagal
  • Raghu sal
  • Ramchandrabhog
  • Ramigelli
  • Rangi Dhan
  • Rani akanda
  • Radha emo
  • Rahspanjar
  • Ramjiara
  • Ranikajal
  • Rupali
  • Rupsal
  • Sadagetu
  • Sabita
  • Sabraj
  • Sada Chenga
  • Sada Kalam
  • Safari
  • Salkele
  • Samba sole
  • Sapuri
  • Sararaj
  • Sarukala
  • Shatia
  • Shu Kalma
  • Silkote
  • Sita sal
  • Sitabhog
  • Siulee
  • Sole
  • Soler Pona
  • Sonalu
  • Sonasari
  • Srikamal
  • Sundari (selected by Prof. Tapash Ghosh of Bose Institute, Kolkata)
  • Super sita
  • Talmugur
  • Tangar sal
  • Teranga
  • Thubi
  • Tilakkachari
  • Tulsa
  • Tulsibas
  • Tulsimanjari
  • Tulsmukul
  • Tilakasturi
  • Toragoda
  • Tulaipanji
  • Vogalaya
  • White Harisnakar
  • White ponny

Indonesian rice varieties/landraces[edit]

  • Anak Daro
  • Andel Jaran
  • Angkong
  • Batang Lembang
  • Batang Ombilin
  • Batang Piaman
  • Bengawan
  • Cempo
  • Ceredek
  • Ceredek asal Gaduang Surian
  • Ceredek asal Talang Babungo
  • Ceredek Merah
  • Ceredek Putih asal Tanjung Balik
  • Cianjur Pandanwangi (aromatic)
  • Cisokan
  • Dharma Ayu
  • Dryland rice landraces of Java
  • Ekor Kuda
  • Engseng
  • Gropak (Kulon Progo-Jogja)
  • Gundelan (Malang)
  • Indramayu: Gropak
  • Induk Ayam
  • Jambur Urai
  • Kebo
  • Ketan Lusi
  • Ketan Tawon
  • Longong
  • Many deep swamp rice varieties of Kalimantan (Borneo)
  • Markoti
  • Melati
  • Merong (Pasuruan)
  • Ondel
  • Padi Boy Rice
  • Padi Cere Kuning
  • Padi Cere Unggul
  • Padi Gadu (unhulled rice seed)
  • Padi Gandamana
  • Padi Hitam
  • Padi Kidangsari
  • Padi Konyal
  • Padi Kuning
  • Padi Kutu
  • Padi Mendali
  • Padi Mentik
  • Padi Mentik Wangi
  • Padi Pandan Wangi
  • Padi Parak
  • Padi Putih
  • Padi Sari Wangi
  • Padi Sri Wulan
  • Padi Suntiang
  • Padi Wangi Lokal
  • Pemuda Idaman
  • Peta
  • Rajalele (semi-aromatic)
  • Rangka Madu
  • Rejung Kuning
  • Rijal
  • Rojolele
  • Sawah Kelai
  • Siherang
  • Sikadedek
  • Simenep
  • Sri Kuning
  • Srimulih
  • Tambun Data
  • Temanggung black rice
  • Tembaga
  • Tjina
  • Tumpang Karyo
  • Tunjung
  • Umbul-umbul
  • Untup
  • Wulu

Rigg's Sundanese dictionary list 45 varieties of rice for wet field (sawah) and 150 varieties of rice for dry field.[15]

Iranian varieties[edit]

Many varieties of rice are cultivated in Iran. A few of them are listed below.

Italian varieties[edit]

Japanese varieties[edit]

Lao / Thai varieties[edit]

Pakistani varieties[edit]

  • Basmati PK-198
  • Basmati PK-370
  • Basmati PK-385
  • Basmati PK-515
  • Basmati 2000
  • Basmati Pak or Kernal Basmati
  • Basmati D-98
  • DR 82 Long Grain
  • DR 83 Long Grain
  • DR 92 Long Grain
  • Himsha Basmati 67
  • Irri-6 Non Basmati Long Grain Rice
  • Irri-9 Non Basmati Long Grain Rice
  • C-9 Non basmati Long Grain Rice
  • Kainaat (1121)
  • Kasha Basmati 167
  • Khushbu
  • KS 282 Non Basmati Long Grain Rice
  • KSK 133
  • KSK 434
  • Moomal
  • PK-386 Long Grain Rice
  • PS-2 Non Basmati Extra Long Grain Rice
  • PSP-2001
  • Basmati SD-D34
  • Shadab (R-1, A,1, B-1, B-2)
  • Shaheen Basmati
  • Shahi Basmati 451
  • Super Basmati
  • Unique Basmati 15
  • Zaiqa HT-1215
  • Sada Hayat
  • Shahkar
  • JP-5
  • Kashmir Nafees
  • Swat-I
  • Swat-II
  • Dilrosh-97
  • Fakhar-e-Malakund
  • Sarshar
  • Shahkar

Portuguese varieties[edit]

  • Ariete
  • Arroz da terra
  • Ponta rubra
  • Valtejo

Philippine varieties[edit]

Sri Lankan varieties[edit]

Spanish varieties[edit]

Bomba Rice.

Taiwanese varieties[edit]

  • Taichung 65

Thai varieties[edit]

United States varieties[edit]

California varieties[edit]

Carolina varieties[edit]

Louisiana varieties[edit]

Vietnamese varieties[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]