List of rivers by discharge

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This is a list of rivers by their average discharge, that is, their water flow rate. Here, only those rivers are shown whose discharge is more than 2000 cubic meters per second.

No Continent River Length (km) Length (miles) Drainage area (km2) Average discharge (m3/s) Outflow Reference
1 S. America Amazon[note 1] 6,400 3,976 7,050,000 209,000 Atlantic Ocean [1][2]
2 Africa Congo 4,371 2,716 4,014,500 41,200 Atlantic Ocean [1][1]
3 S. America Orinoco 2,140 1,330 880,000 40,000 Atlantic Ocean [1][3]
4 Asia GangesBrahmaputraMeghna 5,425 3,371 1,731,334 38,129 Bay of Bengal [4]
5 S. America Madeira 3,380 2,100 1,420,000 31,200 Amazon River [5][6]
6 Asia Yangtze
(Chang Jiang)
6,418 3,988 1,808,500 30,166 East China Sea [1][2]
7 S. America Negro 2,230 1,390 691,000 28,400 Amazon River [5]
8 S. America Río de la Plata 290 180 3,100,000 22,000 Atlantic Ocean [1]
9 Asia Brahmaputra 3,848 2,391 712,035 19,800 Padma River [7][8]
10 Asia Yenisei 3,438 2,136 2,580,000 19,600 Kara Sea [1][2]
11 S. America Japurá 2,615 1,625 267,730 18,620 Amazon River [9]
12 S. America Paraná 4,880 3,050 2,582,672 17,290 Río de la Plata, Atlantic Ocean
13 Asia Lena 4,472 2,647 2,490,000 16,871 Laptev Sea [1][2]
14 N. America Saint Lawrence 3,058 1,900 1,030,000 16,800 Gulf of Saint Lawrence [10]
15 N. America Mississippi 3,730 2,320 3,202,230 16,792 Gulf of Mexico [1]
16 S. America Marañón 1,737 1,074 358,000 16,708 Amazon River
17 Asia Ganges 2,510 1,560 907,000 16,648 Padma River [11]
18 Asia Mekong 4,023 2,500 811,000 16,000 South China Sea [1][2]
19 S. America Tocantins 2,699 1,677 920,000 13,600 Atlantic Ocean [12]
20 S. America Tapajos 1,992 1,232 492,481 13,540 Amazon River [13]
21 S. America Ucayali 2,670 1,651 337,519 13,500 Amazon River
22 Asia Irrawaddy 2,170 1,348 411,000 13,000 Andaman Sea [1]
23 Asia Ob' - Irtysh 5,410 3,449 2,990,000 12,475 Gulf of Ob [1][2]
24 Asia Amur
(Heilong)
4,352 2,714 1,855,000 11,400 Sea of Okhotsk [1]
25 S. America Purus 3,211 1,995 371,042 10,970 Amazon River
26 S. America Beni 1,599 994 283,350 10,300 Madeira River [14]
27 N. America Mackenzie - Peace - Finlay 4,241 2,635 1,790,000 10,300 Beaufort Sea [1]
28 Africa Kwah - Kasai 2,272 1,405 881,890 9,873 Congo River
29 S. America Xingu 1,979 1,230 531,250 9,700 Amazon River
30 Asia Pearl - Xi Jiang
(West) (Si Kang)
2,400 1,491 453,700 9,500 South China Sea [15]
31 S. America Mamoré 2,200 1,361 595,000 8,800 Madeira River
32 S. America Putumayo 1,813 1,121 148,000 8,760 Amazon River
33 S. America Juruá 2,410 1,498 225,828 8,420 Amazon River
34 Africa Kasai 2,153 1,338 880,200 8,346 Congo River [9]
35 S. America Guaviare 1,497 930 140,000 8,200 Orinoco River
36 Europe Volga 3,692 2,294 1,380,000 8,060 Caspian Sea
37 N. America Ohio 1,579 981 490,601 7,957 Mississippi River[note 2] [16]
38 N. America Columbia 2,000 1,243 668,000 7,500 Pacific Ocean
39 Asia Xi 2,197 1,359 409,480 7,410 Pearl River
40 Europe Danube 2,860 1,777 817,000 7,130 Black Sea
41 Africa Zambezi 2,574 1,599 1,331,000 7,070 Indian Ocean [17]
42 S. America Magdalena 1,540 963 257,438 6,987 Atlantic Ocean
43 S. America Napo 1,075 665 100,518 6,976 Amazon River
44 Asia Indus 3,200 2,000 1,165,000 6,600 Arabian Sea
45 S. America Meta 1,200 742 93,800 6,500 Orinoco River
46 N. America Yukon 3,187 1,980 854,696 6,428 Bering Sea
47 S. America Madre de Dios 1,220 754 125,500 6,370 Beni River [14]
48 S. America Araguaia 2,627 1,632 358,125 6,216 Tocantins River [9]
49 Asia Kapuas 1,143 710 98,749 6,000 South China Sea
50 Oceania Fly 1,050 649 76,000 6,000 Gulf of Papua, Coral Sea
51 N. America Niagara 58 36 684,000 5,796 Lake Ontario
52 Africa Niger 4,167 2,589 2,090,000 5,589 Atlantic Ocean [1]
53 S. America Uruguay 1,838 1,140 365,000 5,500 Atlantic Ocean, Río de la Plata
54 Asia Barito 880 544 100,000 5,500 Java Sea
55 Eurasia Aldan 2,273 1,412 729,000 5,489 Lena River [9]
56 S. America Branco 775 479 195,000 5,400 Rio Negro
57 N. America Detroit 51 32 1,813 5,324 Lake Erie
58 N. America St. Clair 63 39 576,000 5,200 Lake St. Clair
59 S. America Atrato 750 466 38,500 4,900 Atlantic Ocean
60 Asia Salween 2,815 1,749 320,000 4,876 Andaman Sea
61 S. America Caroní 952 595 95,000 4,850 Orinoco River
62 Oceania Mamberamo 1,175 727 79,774 4,580 Pacific Ocean
63 Asia Angara 1,779 1,100 1,079,000 4,530 Yenisey River
64 S. America Juruena 1,240 770 190,391 4,360 Tapajos River
65 Asia Kama 1,805 1,122 507,000 4,100 Volga River
66 Africa Ubangi 2,272 1,405 772,800 4,000 Congo River
67 Asia Chindwin 1,207 750 114,000 4,000 Ayeyarwady River
68 S. America Teles Pires 1,638 1,013 141,718 3,978 Tapajos River
69 Asia Pechora 1,809 1,124 289,532 3,949 Barents Sea
70 S. America Apaporis 1,370 847 54,300 3,900 Japurá River
71 Oceania Sepik 1,126 700 80,321 3,804 Bismarck Sea
72 Asia Kolyma 2,129 1,317 644,000 3,800 East Siberian Sea
73 Asia Nizhnyaya Tunguska 2,989 1,848 473,000 3,680 Yenisei River
74 Asia Upper Meghna 1,040 643 82,000 3,600 Lower Meghna River
75 Asia Godavari 1,465 910 312,812 3,505 Bay of Bengal [11]
76 S. America Huallaga 1,138 704 85,000 3,500 Ucayali River
77 N. America Fraser 1,375 854 220,000 3,475 Pacific Ocean
78 Asia Kaladan 450 278 3,468 Bay of Bengal
79 N. America Slave 434 270 616,400 3,414 Great Slave Lake
80 Asia Northern Dvina 744 462 357,052 3,332 White Sea [1]
81 Asia Khatanga 1,636 1,012 364,000 3,320 Khatanga Gulf, Laptev Sea
82 Oceania Kikori 405 250 23,309 3,274 Gulf of Papua
83 S. America Parnaíba 1,070 662 220,000 3,200 Atlantic Ocean
84 S. America Jutai 1,200 742 60,000 3,000 Amazon River
85 S. America Caura 723 449 52,000 3,000 Orinoco River
86 Asia Ghaghara 1,080 671 127,950 2,990 Ganges River [18]
87 Asia Irtysh 4,248 2,627 1,673,470 2,980 Ob River
88 Asia Yamuna 1,376 855 366,223 2,950 Ganges River [18]
89 S. America São Francisco 2,830 1,758 641,000 2,943 Atlantic Ocean [19]
90 S. America Trombetas 1,060 656 135,239 2,855 Amazon River
91 Africa Nile 6,853 4,258 3,400,000 2,830 Mediterranean Sea [1]
92 S. America Tambo 1,000 618 135,000 2,800 Ucayali River
93 Africa Ruki 1,300 804 173,800 2,800 Congo River
94 N. America Koksoak 137 85 133,400 2,800 Ungava Bay, Arctic Ocean
95 S. America Pastaza 740 458 41,000 2,770 Marañón River
96 S. America Iriri 1,300 810 130,000 2,745 Xingu River
97 S. America Guapore 1,530 946 303,210 2,740 Mamoré River
98 Asia Zeya 1,242 768 233,000 2,700 Amur River
99 S. America Tigre 940 581 54,200 2,700 Marañón River
100 Africa Kwango 1,100 680 263,500 2,700 Kasai River
101 S. America Paraguay 2,621 1,629 365,592 2,700 Parana River
102 Asia Red 1,149 714 143,700 2,640 Gulf of Tonkin
103 S. America Uaupes 1,050 649 50,000 2,625 Rio Negro
104 Eurasia Yellow 5,464 3,395 752,000 2,571 East China Sea
105 Eurasia Pyasina 818 508 182,000 2,550 Kara Sea
106 Eurasia Amu Darya 2,400 1,491 534,739 2,525 Aral Sea
107 S. America Tietê 1,150 715 150,000 2,500 Paraná River
108 Africa Sankuru 1,200 756 156,000 2,500 Kasai River
109 Eurasia Mahakam 980 609 77,100 2,500 Makassar Strait
110 Africa Sangha 790 489 213,400 2,471 Congo River
111 Eurasia Songhua / Sungari 1,434 887 557,180 2,463 Amur River
112 S. America Javari 1,184 732 90,000 2,463 Amazon River
113 Eurasia Neva 74 46 281,000 2,445 Baltic Sea [20]
114 N. America Missouri 3,767 2,341 1,371,010 2,445 Mississippi River [1]
115 N. America Liard 1,115 693 277,100 2,434 Mackenzie River
116 S. America Rio Grande (Paraná River) 1,360 841 143,000 2,400 Paraná River
117 Africa Benue 1,370 847 2,400 Niger River
118 N. America Nelson 2,575 1600 982,900 2,370 Hudson Bay [21]
119 S. America Cauca 1,180 730 59,840 2,364 Magdalena River
120 S. America Yarí 620 383 31,650 2,360 Japurá River
121 S. America Urubamba 724 448 60,300 2,330 Ucayali River
122 Europe Rhine 1,233 820 198,735 2,330 North Sea [22]
123 S. America Apure 1,038 645 121,400 2,300 Orinoco River
124 Eurasia Xiang 856 529 96,400 2,288 Yangtze River
125 Asia Krishna River 1,400 870 258,948 2,213 Bay of Bengal [11]
126 S. America San Juan 380 240 15,000 2,200 Pacific Ocean
127 Eurasia Vitim 1,978 1,223 227,000 2,200 Lena River
128 Eurasia Koshi 729 453 69,300 2,166 Ganges River [18]
129 Eurasia Yuan 864 537 89,163 2,158 Yangtze River
130 Eurasia Han 1,532 952 174,300 2,156 Yangtze River
131 N. America St. Marys 120 75 127,700 2,135 Lake Huron
132 Eurasia Jialing 1,119 695 160,000 2,120 Yangtze River
133 Eurasia Mahanadi 858 533 141,600 2,119 Bay of Bengal [11]
134 N. America Peace 1,923 1,195 306,000 2,110 Slave River
135 S. America Essequibo 1,014 627 69,300 2,104 Atlantic Ocean
136 S. America Ventuari 520 322 40,000 2,000 Orinoco river
137 S. America Inírida 1,300 804 2,000 Guaviare River
138 S. America Vichada 580 359 25,000 2,000 Orinoco River
139 Africa Aruwimi 1,030 808 116,100 2,000 Congo River

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Rivers of the Earth[unreliable source?] Archived August 14, 2004, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gupta, Avijit (2007). Large rivers: geomorphology and management. John Wiley and Sons. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-470-84987-3. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
  3. ^ http://www.fundacionlasalle.org.ve/userfiles/men_1997_57_147_81-99.pdf
  4. ^ . Beijing: Chinese Academy of Sciences. 2011-08-22 http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-08/22/c_131067137.htm. Retrieved 2017-02-17. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ a b Agência Nacional de Águas (ANA) e Secretaria Nacional de Recursos Hídricos ([1])
  6. ^ R. Ziesler and G.D. Ardizzone: The Inland Waters of Latin America. COPESCAL Technical Paper No. 1, FAO, Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Service, Rome 1979 [2]
  7. ^ "Scientists pinpoint sources of four major international rivers". Xinhua News Agency. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  8. ^ "Brahmaputra River". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  9. ^ a b c d GRDC Database Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ Benke, Arthur C.; Cushing, Colbert E. (2005). Rivers of North America. Academic Press. pp. 989–990. ISBN 978-0-12-088253-3. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d Kumar, Rakesh; Singh, R.D.; Sharma, K.D. (2005-09-10). "Water Resources of India" (PDF). Current Science. Bangalore: Current Science Association. 89 (5): 794–811. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
  12. ^ The Hydrographi Region of The Amazon
  13. ^ http://www.caee.utexas.edu/prof/mckinney/ce397/Topics/Amazon/Amazon(2012).pdf The Amazon River Basin; CE 397 – Transboundary Waters
  14. ^ a b http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/pleins_textes_6/b_fdi_35-36/41614.pdf Water resources, salinity and yields of the rivers of the Bolivian Amazon
  15. ^ "Chapter 5: Plate D-6 — GES DISC: Goddard Earth Sciences, Data & Information Services Center". Disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov. Archived from the original on 2013-02-03. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
  16. ^ Leeden, Frits van der; Fcrimson L. Troise; David Keith Todd (1990). The Water Encyclopedia (2nd ed.). Chelsea, Mich.: Lewis Publishers. p. 126. ISBN 0-87371-120-3.
  17. ^ Fragmentation and Flow Regulation of the World’s Large River Systems
  18. ^ a b c Jain, Sharad K.; Agarwal, Pushpendra K.; Singh, Vijay P. (2007). Hydrology and water resources of India. Springer. p. 341. ISBN 978-1-4020-5179-1. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
  19. ^ São Francisco River
  20. ^ Nezhihovsky, R. A. (1981). Neva River and Neva Bay. Gidrometeoizdat.
  21. ^ Nelson River
  22. ^ http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001333/133303e.pdf Rhine case study; Technical documents in hydrology: PC-CP series; Vol.:17; 2003

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Greater than the discharge of the next seven rivers combined - see the introduction of said article (for information)
  2. ^ Because it has a larger discharge than the Mississippi River at their confluence, The Ohio River is technically the main stream of the Mississippi River System

See also[edit]