List of rivers by discharge

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This is a list of rivers by their average discharge, that is their water flow. Here, only those rivers are shown whose discharge is more than 2000 cubic meters per second.

Continent River Length (km) Length (miles) Drainage area (km²) Average discharge (m³/s) Outflow Reference
S. America Amazon[note 1] 6,992 4,345 7,050,000 209,000 Atlantic Ocean [1][2]
Africa Congo 4,371 2,716 4,014,500 41,200 Atlantic Ocean [1][1]
Eurasia Ganges 2,948 1,832 1,635,000 38,129 Bay of Bengal [3]
S. America Orinoco 2,140 1,330 880,000 36,000 Atlantic Ocean [1]
S. America Madeira 3,380 2,100 1,420,000 31,200 Amazon River [4][5]
Eurasia Yangtze
(Chang Jiang)
6,418 3,988 1,808,500 30,166 East China Sea [1][2]
S. America Negro 2,230 1,390 691,000 28,400 Amazon River [4]
S. America Río de la Plata 290 180 3,100,000 22,000 Atlantic Ocean [1]
Eurasia Yenisei 5,550 3,449 2,580,000 19,600 Kara Sea [1][2]
Eurasia Brahmaputra 2,840 1,765 536,600 19,300 Padma River [6]
S. America Japurá 2,615 1,625 267,730 18,620 Amazon River [7]
S. America Paraná 4,880 3,050 2,582,672 17,290 Río de la Plata, Atlantic Ocean
Eurasia Lena 4,472 2,647 2,490,000 16,871 Laptev Sea [1][2]
N. America Saint Lawrence 3,058 1,900 1,030,000 16,800 Gulf of Saint Lawrence [8]
N. America Mississippi 3,730 2,320 3,202,230 16,792 Gulf of Mexico [1]
S. America Marañón 1,737 1,074 358,000 16,708 Amazon River
Eurasia Ganges 2,510 1,560 907,000 16,648 Padma River [3]
Eurasia Mekong 4,023 2,500 811,000 14,800 South China Sea [1][2]
S. America Tocantins 2,699 1,677 920,000 13,600 Atlantic Ocean, Amazon River [9]
S. America Tapajos 1,992 1,232 492,481 13,540 Amazon River [10]
S. America Ucayali 2,670 1,651 337,519 13,500 Amazon River
Eurasia Irrawaddy 2,170 1,348 411,000 13,000 Andaman Sea [1]
Eurasia Ob' - Irtysh 5,410 3,449 2,990,000 12,475 Gulf of Ob [1][2]
Eurasia Amur
(Heilong)
4,352 2,714 1,855,000 11,400 Sea of Okhotsk [1]
S. America Purus 3,211 1,995 371,042 10,970 Amazon River
S. America Beni 1,599 994 283,350 10,300 Madeira River [11]
N. America Mackenzie - Peace - Finlay 4,241 2,635 1,790,000 10,300 Beaufort Sea [1]
Africa Kwah - Kasai 2,272 1,405 881,890 9,873 Congo River
S. America Xingu 1,979 1,230 531,250 9,700 Amazon River
Eurasia Pearl - Xi Jiang
(West) (Si Kang)
2,400 1,491 453,700 9,500 South China Sea [12]
S. America Mamoré 2,200 1,361 595,000 8,800 Madeira River
S. America Putumayo 1,813 1,121 148,000 8,760 Amazon River
S. America Juruá 2,410 1,498 225,828 8,420 Amazon River
Africa Kasai 2,153 1,338 880,200 8,346 Congo River [7]
S. America Guaviare 1,497 930 140,000 8,200 Orinoco River
Eurasia Volga 3,692 2,294 1,380,000 8,060 Caspian Sea
N. America Ohio 1,579 981 490,601 7,957 Mississippi River [13]
N. America Columbia 2,000 1,243 668,000 7,500 Pacific Ocean
Eurasia Xi 2,197 1,359 409,480 7,410 Pearl River
Eurasia Danube 2,860 1,777 817,000 7,130 Black Sea
Africa Zambezi 2,574 1,599 1,331,000 7,070 Indian Ocean [14]
S. America Magdalena 1,540 963 257,438 6,987 Atlantic Ocean
S. America Napo 1,075 665 100,518 6,976 Amazon River
Eurasia Indus 3,200 2,000 1,165,000 6,600 Arabian Sea
S. America Meta 1,200 742 93,800 6,500 Orinoco River
N. America Yukon 3,187 1,980 854,696 6,428 Bering Sea
S. America Madre de Dios 1,220 754 125,500 6,370 Beni River [11]
S. America Araguaia 2,627 1,632 358,125 6,216 Tocantins River [7]
Eurasia Kapuas 1,143 710 98,749 6,000 South China Sea
Oceania Fly 1,050 649 76,000 6,000 Gulf of Papua, Coral Sea
N. America Niagara 58 36 684,000 5,796 Lake Ontario
Africa Niger 4,167 2,589 2,090,000 5,589 Atlantic Ocean [1]
S. America Uruguay 1,838 1,140 365,000 5,500 Atlantic Ocean, Río de la Plata
Eurasia Barito 880 544 100,000 5,500 Java Sea
Eurasia Aldan 2,273 1,412 729,000 5,489 Lena River [7]
S. America Branco 775 479 195,000 5,400 Rio Negro
N. America Detroit 51 32 1,813 5,324 Lake Erie
N. America St. Clair 63 39 576,000 5,200 Lake St. Clair
S. America Atrato 750 466 38,500 4,900 Atlantic Ocean
Eurasia Salween 2,815 1,749 320,000 4,876 Andaman Sea
S. America Caroní 952 595 95,000 4,850 Orinoco River
Oceania Mamberamo 1,175 727 79,774 4,580 Pacific Ocean
Eurasia Angara 1,779 1,100 1,079,000 4,530 Yenisey River
S. America Juruena 1,240 770 190,391 4,360 Tapajos River
Eurasia Kama 1,805 1,122 507,000 4,100 Volga River
Africa Ubangi 2,272 1,405 772,800 4,000 Congo River
Eurasia Chindwin 1,207 750 114,000 4,000 Ayeyarwady River
S. America Teles Pires 1,638 1,013 141,718 3,978 Tapajos River
Eurasia Pechora 1,809 1,124 289,532 3,949 Barents Sea
S. America Apaporis 1,370 847 54,300 3,900 Japurá River
Oceania Sepik 1,126 700 80,321 3,804 Bismarck Sea
Eurasia Kolyma 2,129 1,317 644,000 3,800 East Siberian Sea
Eurasia Nizhnyaya Tunguska 2,989 1,848 473,000 3,680 Yenisei River
Eurasia Upper Meghna 1,040 643 82,000 3,600 Lower Meghna River
Eurasia Godavari 1,465 910 312,812 3,505 Bay of Bengal [3]
S. America Huallaga 1,138 704 85,000 3,500 Ucayali River
N. America Fraser 1,375 854 220,000 3,475 Pacific Ocean
Eurasia Kaladan 450 278 3,468 Bay of Bengal
N. America Slave 434 270 616,400 3,414 Great Slave Lake
Eurasia Northern Dvina 744 462 357,052 3,332 White Sea [1]
Eurasia Khatanga 1,636 1,012 364,000 3,320 Khatanga Gulf, Laptev Sea
Oceania Kikori 405 250 23,309 3,274 Gulf of Papua
S. America Parnaíba 1,070 662 220,000 3,200 Paraná River
S. America Jutai 1,200 742 60,000 3,000 Amazon River
S. America Caura 723 449 52,000 3,000 Orinoco River
Eurasia Ghaghara 1,080 671 127,950 2,990 Ganges River [15]
Eurasia Irtysh 4,248 2,627 1,673,470 2,980 Ob River
Eurasia Yamuna 1,376 855 366,223 2,950 Ganges River [15]
S. America São Francisco 2,830 1,758 641,000 2,943 Atlantic Ocean [16]
S. America Trombetas 1,060 656 135,239 2,855 Amazon River
Africa Nile 6,853 4,258 3,400,000 2,830 Mediterranean Sea [1]
S. America Tambo 1,000 618 135,000 2,800 Ucayali River
Africa Ruki 1,300 804 173,800 2,800 Congo River
N. America Koksoak 137 85 133,400 2,800 Ungava Bay, Arctic Ocean
S. America Pastaza 740 458 41,000 2,770 Marañón River
S. America Iriri 1,300 810 130,000 2,745 Xingu River
S. America Guapore 1,530 946 303,210 2,740 Mamoré River
Eurasia Zeya 1,242 768 233,000 2,700 Amur River
S. America Tigre 940 581 54,200 2,700 Marañón River
Africa Kwango 1,100 680 263,500 2,700 Kasai River
S. America Paraguay 2,621 1,629 365,592 2,700 Parana River
Eurasia Red 1,149 714 143,700 2,640 Gulf of Tonkin
S. America Uaupes 1,050 649 50,000 2,625 Rio Negro
Eurasia Yellow 5,464 3,395 752,000 2,571 East China Sea
Eurasia Pyasina 818 508 182,000 2,550 Kara Sea
Eurasia Amu Darya 2,400 1,491 534,739 2,525 Aral Sea
S. America Tietê 1,150 715 150,000 2,500 Paraná River
Africa Sankuru 1,200 756 156,000 2,500 Kasai River
Eurasia Mahakam 980 609 77,100 2,500 Makassar Strait
Africa Sangha 790 489 213,400 2,471 Congo River
Eurasia Sungari 1,434 887 1,443,100 2,463 Amur River
S. America Javari 1,184 732 90,000 2,463 Amazon River
Eurasia Neva 74 46 281,000 2,445 Baltic Sea [17]
N. America Missouri 3,767 2,341 1,371,010 2,445 Mississippi River [1]
N. America Liard 1,115 693 277,100 2,434 Mackenzie River
S. America Rio Grande (Paraná River) 1,360 841 143,000 2,400 Paraná River
Africa Benue 1,370 847 2,400 Niger River
N. America Nelson 2,575 1600 982,900 2,370 Hudson Bay [18]
S. America Cauca 1,180 730 59,840 2,364 Magdalena River
S. America Yarí 620 383 31,650 2,360 Japurá River
S. America Urubamba 724 448 60,300 2,330 Ucayali River
Eurasia Rhine - Aare 1,233 820 198,735 2,330 North Sea [19]
S. America Apure 1,038 645 121,400 2,300 Orinoco River
Eurasia Xiang 856 529 96,400 2,288 Yangtze River
Eurasia Krishna 1400 870 258,948 2,213 Bay of Bengal [3]
S. America San Juan 380 240 15,000 2,200 Pacific Ocean
Eurasia Vitim 1,978 1,223 227,000 2,200 Lena River
Eurasia Koshi 729 453 69,300 2,166 Ganges River [15]
Eurasia Yuan 864 537 89,163 2,158 Yangtze River
Eurasia Han 1,532 952 174,300 2,156 Yangtze River
N. America St. Marys 120 75 127,700 2,135 Lake Huron
Eurasia Jialing 1,119 695 160,000 2,120 Yangtze River
Eurasia Mahanadi 858 533 141,600 2,119 Bay of Bengal [3]
N. America Peace 1,923 1,195 306,000 2,110 Slave River
S. America Essequibo 1,014 627 69,300 2,104 Atlantic Ocean
S. America Ventuari 520 322 40,000 2,000 Orinoco river
S. America Inírida 1,300 804 2,000 Guaviare River
S. America Vichada 580 359 25,000 2,000 Orinoco River
Africa Aruwimi 1,300 808 116,100 2,000 Congo River

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Rivers of the Earth[unreliable source?] Archived August 14, 2004, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gupta, Avijit (2007). Large rivers: geomorphology and management. John Wiley and Sons. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-470-84987-3. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Kumar, Rakesh; Singh, R.D.; Sharma, K.D. (2005-09-10). "Water Resources of India" (PDF). Current Science. Bangalore: Current Science Association. 89 (5): 794–811. Retrieved 2013-10-13. 
  4. ^ a b Agência Nacional de Águas (ANA) e Secretaria Nacional de Recursos Hídricos ([1])
  5. ^ R. Ziesler and G.D. Ardizzone: The Inland Waters of Latin America. COPESCAL Technical Paper No. 1, FAO, Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Service, Rome 1979 [2]
  6. ^ Pranab Kumar Parua (3 January 2010). The Ganga: water use in the Indian subcontinent. Springer. pp. 267–273. ISBN 978-90-481-3102-0. Retrieved 18 April 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d GRDC Database
  8. ^ Benke, Arthur C.; Cushing, Colbert E. (2005). Rivers of North America. Academic Press. pp. 989–990. ISBN 978-0-12-088253-3. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
  9. ^ The Hydrographi Region of The Amazon
  10. ^ http://www.caee.utexas.edu/prof/mckinney/ce397/Topics/Amazon/Amazon(2012).pdf The Amazon River Basin; CE 397 – Transboundary Waters
  11. ^ a b http://horizon.documentation.ird.fr/exl-doc/pleins_textes/pleins_textes_6/b_fdi_35-36/41614.pdf Water resources, salinity and yields of the rivers of the Bolivian Amazon
  12. ^ "Chapter 5: Plate D-6 — GES DISC: Goddard Earth Sciences, Data & Information Services Center". Disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  13. ^ Leeden, Frits van der; Fcrimson L. Troise; David Keith Todd (1990). The Water Encyclopedia (2nd ed.). Chelsea, Mich.: Lewis Publishers. p. 126. ISBN 0-87371-120-3. 
  14. ^ Fragmentation and Flow Regulation of the World’s Large River Systems
  15. ^ a b c Jain, Sharad K.; Agarwal, Pushpendra K.; Singh, Vijay P. (2007). Hydrology and water resources of India. Springer. p. 341. ISBN 978-1-4020-5179-1. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  16. ^ São Francisco River
  17. ^ Nezhihovsky, R. A. (1981). Neva River and Neva Bay. Gidrometeoizdat. 
  18. ^ Nelson River
  19. ^ http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001333/133303e.pdf Rhine case study; Technical documents in hydrology: PC-CP series; Vol.:17; 2003

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Greater than the next seven rivers - see the introduction of said article (for information)

See also[edit]