List of rivers of Europe

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Main European drainage divides (red lines) separating catchments (green regions)

These are the main rivers in Europe (ecologically, the extreme west of the Palearctic ecozone - which includes Russia in the east). See each article for their tributaries, drainage areas, etc. For clarity, only rivers longer than 100 kilometres (or very significant in another way) are shown in this list. Shorter rivers can be found in the lists by country.

Longest rivers[edit]

Rivers over 250 km:

River km mi Draining into
(tributary of)
Volga 3,692 2,294 Caspian Sea[1]
Danube 2,860 1,780 Black Sea
Ural 2,428 1,509 Caspian Sea
Dnieper 2,290 1,420 Black Sea
Don 1,950 1,210 Sea of Azov
Pechora 1,809 1,124 Barents Sea
Kama 1,805 1,221 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Northern DvinaVychegda 1,774 1,102 White Sea
Oka 1,500 932 Caspian Sea (Volga)
Belaya 1,430 889 Caspian Sea (Kama)
Dniester 1,362 846 Black Sea
Rhine 1,236 768 North Sea
Elbe 1,091 678 North Sea
Donets 1,050 653 Black Sea (Don)
Vistula 1,047 651 Baltic Sea
Tagus 1,038 645 Atlantic Ocean
Daugava 1,020 630 Baltic Sea
Loire 1,013 629 Atlantic Ocean
Tisza 965 603 Black Sea (Danube)
Prut 953 592 Black Sea (Danube)
Sava 940 586 Black Sea (Danube)
Neman 937 582 Baltic Sea
Meuse 925 575 North Sea
Ebro 910 570 Mediterranean
Douro 897 557 Atlantic Ocean
Kuban 870 540 Sea of Azov
Mezen 857 533 Barents Sea
Oder 854 531 Baltic Sea
Rhône 813 505 Mediterranean
Warta 808 502 Baltic Sea (Vistula)
Mureș 789 493 Black Sea (Tisza — Danube)
Seine 776 482 Atlantic Ocean
Bug 772 480 Baltic Sea (Vistula) (Narew)
Göta älv-Klarälven 756 470 Kattegat
Drava 749 465 Black Sea (Danube)
Guadiana 742 461 Atlantic Ocean
Siret 706 439 Black Sea (Danube)
Po 682 424 Adriatic Sea
Guadalquivir 657 408 Atlantic Ocean
Glomma 621 386 Skagerrak
Olt 615 382 Black Sea (Danube)
Garonne 602 374 Atlantic Ocean
NevaSvirSuna 578 361 Baltic Sea
Kemijoki 550 342 Baltic Sea
Moselle 545 338 North Sea (Rhine)
Dal River 542 337 Baltic Sea
Torne 522 324 Baltic Sea
Neris 510 320 Baltic Sea (Neman River)
Narew 484 301 Baltic Sea (Vistula)
Maritsa/Evros 480 298 Aegean Sea
Mur 480 298 Black Sea (Danube) (Drava)
Ume River 467 290 Baltic Sea
Ångerman River 463 288 Baltic sea
Lule River 461 287 Baltic Sea
Kalix River 461 287 Baltic Sea
Vindel River 453 281 Baltic Sea (Ume River)
Gauja 452 281 Baltic Sea
San 443 275 Baltic Sea (Vistula)
Ljusnan 443 275 Baltic Sea
Skellefte River 440 273 Baltic Sea
Indal River 430 267 Baltic Sea
Vltava 430 267 North Sea (Elbe)
Ialomița 417 259 Black Sea (Danube)
Struma 415 258 Aegean Sea
Adige 410 255 Adriatic Sea
Tiber 406 254 Mediterranean
Váh 406 252 Black Sea (Danube)
Pite River 402 250 Baltic Sea
Faxälven 399 248 Baltic Sea (Ångerman River)
Ljungan 399 248 Baltic Sea
Rába 398 247 Danube
Vardar 388 241 Aegean Sea
Someș 388 241 Black Sea (Danube) (Tisa)
PaatsjokiIvalojoki 380 236 Barents Sea
Muonionjoki 380 236 Baltic Sea (Torne)
Iijoki 370 230 Baltic Sea
Iskar 368 228 Black Sea (Danube)
River Shannon 361 224 Atlantic Ocean
Numedalslågen 359 223 Skagerrak
VormaGudbrandsdalslågen 358 222 Skagerrak (Glomma)
Morava 354 220 Black Sea (Danube)
River Severn 354 220 Atlantic Ocean
Argeș 350 217 Black Sea (Danube)
Tundzha 350 217 Aegean Sea (Maritsa)
TanaAnarjohka 348 216 Barents Sea
Thames 346 215 North Sea
Drina 346 215 Black Sea (Danube) (Sava)
Venta 346 215 Baltic Sea
Minho 340 212 Atlantic Ocean (Lugo)
Jiu 339 211 Black Sea (Danube)
Timiș 339 211 Black Sea (Danube)
Drin 335 208 Adriatic Sea
Haliacmon 322 200 Aegean Sea
Västerdal River 315 196 Baltic Sea (Dal River)
West Morava/(Zapadna Morava) 308 191 Black Sea (Danube) (Great Morava)
DrammenselvaBegna 308 191 Skagerrak
Norrström 306 190 Baltic Sea
Buzău 302 188 Black Sea (Danube) (Siret)
Ounasjoki 300 186 Baltic Sea (Kemijoki)
Šešupė 298 185 Baltic Sea (Neman River)
Kupa 297 185 Black Sea (Danube) (Sava)
South Morava/(Južna Morava) 295 183 Black Sea (Danube) (Great Morava)
Dâmbovița 286 178 Black Sea (Danube) (Argeș)
Yantra 285 177 Black Sea (Danube)
Motala ström 285 177 Baltic Sea
Bistrița 283 176 Black Sea (Danube) (Siret)
Jijia 275 171 Black Sea (Danube) (Prut)
Vjosë/Aoos 272 169 Adriatic Sea
Bosna 271 168 Black Sea (Danube) (Sava)
Skiensvassdraget 271 168 Skagerrak
Fjällsjöälven 263 163 Baltic Sea (Ångerman River)
Lainio River 260 162 Baltic Sea (Torne)
SnarumselvaHallingdalselva 257 160 Skagerrak (Drammenselva)
Bega 256 159 Black Sea (Danube) (Tisa)

In the list below, the European rivers are grouped by the sea or ocean into which they flow. They are sorted along the coastline of the seas and oceans. Rivers that flow into other rivers are sorted in orographic order, i.e., by the proximity of their points of confluence to the sea.

Note for additions: please remember to add the city where the river meets for each river.

Barents Sea and White Sea (Arctic Ocean)[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted east (Novaya Zemlya) to west (North Cape, Norway).

In Russia:

In Norway:

Atlantic Ocean[edit]

On Iceland[edit]

The river Þjórsá with the glaciers Tindfjallajökull and Eyjafjallajökull

Norwegian coast[edit]

In Norway:

Irish coast[edit]

In Northern Ireland:

In the Republic of Ireland (including Celtic Sea):

British coast[edit]

The Bristol Channel:

French, Spanish and Portuguese coast[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted north (Brest) to south (Tarifa).

In France:

The Loire in Orléans.
The Garonne in Toulouse.
The Pas in Cantabria, Spain.

In Spain:

In Portugal:

In Spain:

Baltic Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, starting from Helsingborg (south Sweden).

In Sweden[edit]

Dal River (Swedish: Dalälven) in Sweden

In Finland[edit]

Aurajoki flowing past Turku cathedral

In Russia[edit]

In Estonia[edit]

Narva River as it flows between Ivangorod in Russia and Narva in Estonia

In Latvia[edit]

Lielupe River as it flows past Jelgava Palace

In Lithuania[edit]

In Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast)[edit]

In Poland[edit]

The Vistula in Płock
The Oder in Szczecin

In Germany[edit]

The Trave in Lübeck

Black Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Istanbul) to east (Sochi).

In Bulgaria[edit]

In Romania[edit]

In Ukraine[edit]

Dniester river near Ţipova in Moldova

In Russia[edit]

Caspian Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted west to north-east.

In Russia[edit]

Volga in Yaroslavl (autumn morning)

In Kazakhstan[edit]

English Channel[edit]

North coast[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Lizard Point, Cornwall) to east (Ramsgate).

In Britain:

South coast[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted east (Calais) to west (Brest).

In France:

Irish Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, starting from the (Mull of Kintyre).

In Britain:

In Ireland:


Western Mediterranean[edit]

This section includes the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea. The rivers are sorted from west (Tarifa) to east (Reggio Calabria).

In Spain:

In France:

In Italy:

Adriatic Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted clockwise, from Otranto, southern Italy, to Vlorë in southern Albania.

In Italy:

The Adige in Verona

In Croatia:

In Bosnia and Herzegovina:

In Montenegro:

In Albania:

Ionian Sea[edit]

West coast

The rivers in this section are sorted south-west to north-east from Reggio Calabria to Otranto.

In Italy:

East coast

The rivers in this section are sorted north-west to south-east from Vlorë to Cape Malea.

In Greece

Aegean Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are sorted west (Cape Malea) to east (Istanbul).

In Greece:

In Turkey:

North Sea[edit]

The rivers in this section are given clockwise along the North Sea coast, starting from Bergen, Norway.

In Norway[edit]

In Sweden[edit]

In Denmark[edit]

In Germany[edit]

The Weser near Bad Oeynhausen.

In the Netherlands[edit]

The Rhine at the Loreley
Hotton, view on the Ourthe river and the city church.
The Scheldt in Antwerp

In Belgium[edit]

In France[edit]

In Britain[edit]

Aerial view of the Thames in London
The mouth of the Gaywood River at King's Lynn.
The Mouth of the River Burn at Overy Creek, Norfolk

See also[edit]

Other continents[edit]


  1. ^ Dècouvre L'EUROPE

European countries[edit]