List of rivers of Pakistan

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Major rivers and lakes of Pakistan
Rivers of Punjab

This is a list of rivers wholly or partly in Pakistan, organised geographically by river basin, from west to east. Tributaries are listed from the mouth to the source. The longest and the largest river in Pakistan is the Indus River. Around two-thirds of water supplied for irrigation and in homes come from the Indus and its associated rivers.[1]

Flowing into the Arabian Sea[edit]

Some of these rivers flow only during the rainy season, so for part of the year the water may or may not reach the sea.

Indus River basin[edit]

Flowing into endorheic basins[edit]


Sistan Basin[edit]

  • Helmand River (Iran/Afghanistan)
    • Arghandab River (Afghanistan)

Indus Plains[edit]

  • Nari River
    • Mula River
    • Bolan River
    • Beji River
      • Anambar River
        • Loralai River
    • Loe Manda River

Thar Desert[edit]

Tarim Basin[edit]

Ancient rivers[edit]

  • Ghaggar-Hakra River: An intermittent river in India and Pakistan that flows only during the monsoon season. While it is often identified with the Sarasvati River,[2] this is not a consensus view.[3] The Hakra is the dried-out channel of a river in Pakistan that is the continuation of the Ghaggar River in India. Several times, but not continuously, it carried the water of the Sutlej during the Bronze Age period [4] Many settlements of the Indus Valley Civilisation have been found along the Ghaggar and Hakra rivers.
  • Saraswati River: Also known as Sarasvati River. This river was one of the major rivers of Ancient India which no longer exists.


  1. ^ Wildlife of Pakistan website
  2. ^ Oldham, R. D. (1893). "The Saraswati and the Lost River of the Indian Desert". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society: 49–76.
  3. ^ Agarwal, Vishal (2003). "A Reply to Michael ujhWitzel's 'Ein Fremdling im Rgveda'" (PDF). Journal of Indo-European Studies. 31 (1–2): 107–185. It may be noted that the Nara is still called the Sarasvati by rural Sindhis and its dried up delta in Kutch is still regarded as that of Sarasvati by the locals.
  4. ^ Mughal 1997[citation needed]

External links[edit]