List of rooftop photovoltaic installations

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This page lists large-scale rooftop photovoltaic installation projects. Photovoltaic arrays in buildings are often either integrated into them, or mounted on to their roofs. Arrays are most often retrofitted into existing buildings, usually mounted on top of the existing roof structure. In 2010, more than four-fifths of the 9,000 MW of solar PV operating in Germany was installed on rooftops.[1]

In 2011, the most common and newsworthy size for a photovoltaic power station is 1 MW.[2] However, most of the large-scale stations are not installed on the roofs, but rather integrated with agriculture and some use innovative tracking systems that follow the sun's daily path across the sky to generate more electricity than conventional fixed-mounted systems. Many of all rooftop applications are done in small and medium-sized installations for consumption within the buildings that host the arrays. There are many large-scale installation projects which have been completed in the last decade and many are under construction or proposed.

The following lists the rooftop photovoltaic installation projects that are larger than 1 MW in total installation size. It does not include rooftop installations of non-building structures such as detached carports and tunnels.

Rooftop photovoltaic power stations[edit]

Many photovoltaic power stations are installed at the ground level. There are some large rooftop installations for the sole purpose of being power stations by connecting the systems directly to the grid to deliver electricity to customers. Many of these stations are installed on properties of non-utility companies such as warehouses through roof-area lease agreements and power purchase agreements between utility companies and property owners.[3]

In operation[edit]

Rooftop photovoltaic power stations (1 MW or larger)
PV power station Country Nominal Power[4]
(MWp)
Production
(Annual GW·h)
Capacity
factor
Notes
Largest Rooftop Solar PV Plant on a Single Roof Punjab, India 11.5 Solar power plant spread over 42 acre rooftop,Dera Baba Jaimal Singh,Beas[5]
Southern California Edison-Whirlpool Corporation Regional Distribution Center, Perris, CA USA 10.0 Installed on rooftop of Whirlpool Corporation Regional Distribution Center Sept. 19, 2011
NRG Energy-Mandalay Bay Resort Convention Center, Las Vegas, NV USA 6.4 Installed on rooftop of Mandalay Bay Resort Convention Center Sept. 18, 2014[6][7]
Constellation Energy-Toys R Us Flanders, NJ USA 5.38 Installed on rooftop of Toys "R" Us distribution center[3]
IKEA Distribution Center, Perryville,MD USA 5 This solar array is one of the largest rooftop solar projects in North America.[9]
Gerresheimer Glass, Vineland,NJ USA 2.9 Construction of a 2.9 MW rooftop solar installation for Gerresheimer Glass, international manufacturer of glass and plastic products for the health and pharma industries.[10]
Robinsons Starmills, San Fernando, Pampanga, Philippines Philippines 2.88 4 16% Constructed by Solenergy Systems, Inc. This is currently the largest solar PV installation on a mall (as of July 2016). Robinsons, one of the largest shopping mall developers in the country has the largest PV portfolio in the Philippines at approximately 12.5 MW of total capacity (operational and under construction).
Boeing 787 assembly building South Carolina USA 2.6 December 2, 2011[11][12]
Southern California Edison, Fontana, CA USA 2 Constructed 2008 on roof of ProLogis warehouse[13]
New Fruit and Vegetable Market, Mohali, Punjab India 2 India’s second largest Rooftop Solar PV Plant on a Single Roof constructed by Azure Power in 2016. It is part of eight other projects with a total capacity of 10 MW[14]
Zhejiang Energy Conservation Industry Development China 2 Constructed 2009[15]
Progress Energy, New Bern, NC USA 1.27 1.5 Planned for installation on roof of BSH Home Appliances warehouse[16]
Black River Park, Cape Town, WC South Africa 1.545 Constructed 2014 on the rooves of the Black River business park[17]
Leduc Recreation Centre in Leduc, Alberta Canada 1.14 1.14 Constructed in 2016 on the roof of the Leduc Recreation Centre, Canada's largest commercial rooftop solar array is covered with 3,622 solar panels.[18]
Southern California Edison, Rialto, CA USA 1 Constructed 2010 on roof of a warehouse[19]
North Delhi Power Limited India 1 Constructed 2010[20]
Green City Energy, Haertensdorf Germany 1 1 Installation on 16 rooftops completed in 2010[21]
CuisinArt, Rendezvous Bay Anguilla 1 Off-Grid ground mounted system supplying energy to a reverse osmosis filtration plant for the resort. Completed in 2014[22]
Urban Energy Solar, Yonkers,NY USA 5 Given the size of this system it's no surprise that it offsets Urban Energy's CO2 emissions by 1,001,340 kg/a.[23]
Rooftop Solar PV Plant on a Single Roof by Sterling and Wilson Tamil Nadu, India 1.05 Installed on rooftop for KG Fabriks Ltd at its denim and industrial manufacturing plant in Perundurai town of Erode district[24]
Clearwater Mall, Strubens Valley, Roodepoort, GP South Africa 1.5 Phase 1 (500kWp) installed in 2014, followed by Phase 2 (additional 1000kWp) in 2015. At the time of installation this projects was largest rooftop Solar PV system in Africa.[25]
Cradlestone Mall, Krugersdorp, GP South Africa 1.02 Constructed 2016 on Cradlestone mall roof[26]
Wyncoast Industrial Park Public Co.,Ltd Phase 1 Chachoengsao, Thailand 1 1.5 Construction of 2015 (Inverter Dasstech + PV Poly 295 W./P. 72 Hanwha) on top Wearhouse No. 2 Provied to P.E.A.(www.wyncoast.com,www.wyncoastservices.com)

Proposed or under construction[edit]

Proposed/under construction rooftop photovoltaic power stations (1 MW or larger)
PV power station Country Nominal Power[4]
(MWp)
Production
(Annual GW·h)
Capacity
factor
Notes
China Datang Corp, Jiangsu plant China 5.8 6.2 Under construction as of June 2010*[27]
Wyncoast Industrial Park Public Co., Ltd Phase 3-4 Chachoengsao, Thailand 2.66 Under construction as of December 2016 on top of factory roof (E.P.C. Wyncoast Service Co., Ltd)(www.wyncoast.com,www.wyncoastservices.com)
* Under construction; ** Proposed

Net-metering rooftop installations[edit]

The followings are the large-scale rooftop installation projects with the main purpose of using the generated electricity as the supplemental power. When the systems generate electricity more than the host buildings can consume, the excess electricity is fed back to the grid to bank with the utility company through net metering. Below are large-scale multi-site installation projects with total size of rooftop units of 1 MW or larger.

Single-site installations[edit]

Each installation may be done on a single roof structure or on multiple buildings within the same site or campus.

In operation[edit]

Rooftop photovoltaic installation projects (1 MW or larger)
Project Location Country Nominal Power[4]
(MWp)
Production
(Annual GW·h)
Notes
Largest Rooftop Solar PV Plant on 8 RoofS by L&T Construction Punjab India 19.5 11.5 MW Installed on rooftop made of asbestos sheet, 8 MW on other 7 roofs Completed in may 2016 total area 82 acres [28]
General Motors Zaragoza Spain 11.8 15.1 Installed at General Motors Spanish Zaragoza Manufacturing Plant in fall 2008.[29][30]
St. Charles International Perpignan France 9 On roof of a fruit and vegetable distribution centre[31][32]
Riverside Renewable Energy-Holt Logistics refrigerated warehouse New Jersey USA 9 Completed April 2012[33][34]
Goodyear Dunlop logistic centre Philippsburg Germany 7.4 7.3 Constructed 2011[35]
Shanghai No.1/2 Metro Operation Co. Ltd. Hongqiao Railway Station, Shanghai China 6.68 6.3 BIPV roof of the station[36]
NRG Energy - Mandalay Bay Resort Convention Center Las Vegas USA 6.4 Installed on rooftop of Mandalay Bay Resort Convention Center Sept. 18, 2014[6] Oct. 23, 2014[7]
Sharp Kameyama Japan 5.1 BIPV roof[37]
Sonnenfleck-tts-Bürstadt Bürstadt, Hessen Germany 5 BIPV roof in 2005[38]
Avidan Energy Solutions Edison, NJ USA 4.26 5 Installation on a seventeen-acre rooftop of a warehouse[39]
Hartmann AG Muggensturm, Baden-Württemberg Germany 3.84 BIPV roof in 2006[40]
Franz Fischer Dingolfing, Bavaria Germany 3.7 [37]
Michelin Solar Park Homburg Saarland Germany 3.5 [37]
The Shenergy Group Shanghai World Expo, Shanghai China 3.12 2.8 BIPV on two pavilions[41]
VT - Sun Chomutov Czech Republic 2.98 on two industrial roofs, completed 2010[42][43]
FedEx Woodbridge, NJ USA 2.42 Constructed 2010[44]
Volkswagen Wolfsburg Germany 2.4 [45]
Atlantic City Convention Center Atlantic City, NJ USA 2.36[46] Constructed 2009[47]
DuPont Fabros Technology NJ1 Data Center Piscataway, NJ USA 2.167[48]
Tesco Riverside, CA USA 2 2.69 Completed March 2008[49]
Trade fair Munich Germany 2.1 [37]
GSA Bean Federal Center Indianapolis, IN USA 2.012 Completed May 2010[50]
Toyota Parts Center Europe Belgium 1.8 1.62 Constructed 2010[51]
Google headquarters Mountain View, CA USA 1.6 Multi-building installation completed in 2007[52]
Solar Park Pfersdorf e.G. Germany 1.5 [37]
A logistics centre in Relzow Mecklenburg-West Pomerania Germany 1.5 [37]
Rome Trade Fair Rome Italy 1.4 Multi-building installation completed in 2008[53]
Lidl Freiburg im Breisgau Germany 1.2 [37]
Staples La Mirada, CA USA 1.1 2 [54]
CIS (Centro Ingrosso Sviluppo Campano) in Nola Nola - Naples, Italy Italy N/A N/a Proposed Waterproofing photovoltaic system installed on rooftop by Enel Green Power and General Membrane SpA [3]
Orange County Convention Center Orlando, FL USA 1 [55]
Port of Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA USA 1 1.2 [56]
Migros Romande Energie Lausanne Switzerland 1.1 1.1 [57]
Wyncoast Industrial Park Public Co., Ltd Phase 1-2-6 Chachoengsao Thailand 1.85 2.775 Completed Q3/2016 on top of Factory No.2-3-4-5-6 and Car Port (E.P.C. Wyncoast Service Co., Ltd)(www.wyncoast.com,www.wyncoastservices.com)

Proposed or under construction[edit]

Proposed/under construction rooftop photovoltaic installation projects (1 MW or larger)
Project Location Country Nominal Power[4]
(MWp)
Production
(Annual GW·h)
Notes
Gloucester Marine Terminal Gloucester City, NJ USA 9 *[58]
White Rose Foods Carteret, NJ USA 5 **[59]
Macy's fulfillment center Arizona USA 3.5 **[60]
GSK Northeast Regional Distribution Center York, PA USA 3 Construction started in 2010*[61]
Gerresheimer Glass Inc /Vineland Vineland, NJ USA 2.9 Operational Q3 2012
Salt Palace Convention Center Salt Lake City, UT USA 2.4 **[62]
Cowley Companies warehouse Phoenix, AZ USA 2.4 **[63]
McCormick's distribution center Belcamp, MD USA 1.8 **[64]
Staples fulfillment center Hanover, MD USA 1 1.2 **[65]
Wyncoast Industrial Park Public Co., Ltd Phase 3-4-5-7-8-9 Chachoengsao Thailand 3.03 4.545 Under construction on top of HQ, Factory No.1-10-11-12 (E.P.C. Wyncoast Service Co., Ltd) (www.wyncoast.com,www.wyncoastservices.com)
* Under construction; ** Proposed

Multi-site installations[edit]

Some property owners who have many smaller buildings located in multiple sites within the same area may take advantage of installing many medium-size systems in one project to achieve the large-scale power generation to offset their total power usage. The sites of the same owner are normally connected into the same monitoring system for easy maintenance of the overall system.

In operation[edit]

Multi-site rooftop photovoltaic installation projects (1 MW or larger)
Project Location Country Nominal Power[4]
(MWp)
Production
(Annual GW·h)
Notes
San Diego Unified School District in 2003 San Diego, CA USA 4.17 Rooftop installation of 28 sites completed[66]
Lidl Logistic Centers Phase 1 Cambrai, Vars, and Les Arcs France 3 Rooftop installation on 3 sites completed in 2010[67]
Jefferson Union High School District Oceana, CA USA 1.53 2.34 Rooftop installation on 4 sites completed in 2010[68]
The Lawrence Public School Lawrenceville, NJ USA 1.2 Rooftop installation on 7 sites completed[69]
Livingston Public Schools Livingston, NJ USA 1.2 Rooftop installation on 8 sites completed in 2011[70][71][72][73][74][75][76][77]
Washoe County School District Washoe County, NV USA 1.05 2 Rooftop installation of 21 sites completed in 2011[78]

Proposed or under construction[edit]

Proposed/under construction multi-site rooftop photovoltaic installation projects (1 MW or larger)
Project Location Country Nominal Power[4]
(MWp)
Production
(Annual GW·h)
Notes
Mimar Sinan OSB Toptancılar Sitesi in 2016 Kayseri Turkey < 9.6 14 roof top systems totalling 9.6MWp on an industrial zone,to be installed by Asunim Turkiye*
San Diego Unified School District in 2010 San Diego, CA USA < 9.4 Approved to add 53 more sites of 9.4 MW in size. Out of those, 47 sites will be rooftop only.*[66]
U.S. Army Hawaii Family Housing Hawaii USA 2 - 6 Partially completed. Total size 2 - 6 MW. Project timeline 2006-2015.*[79]
Manalapan-Englishtown Regional School District Monmouth County, NJ USA 2.27 Proposed size of 4.53 MW on 8 sites which has 2.27 MW of rooftop units**[69]
* Under construction; ** Proposed

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Germany To Raise Solar Target for 2010 & Adjust Tariffs | Renewable Energy News Article. Renewableenergyworld.com. Retrieved on 2011-03-24.
  2. ^ NEXT TO GO MAINSTREAM: MASS ENERGY STORAGE, Green Energy News. Retrieved on 2011-03-24
  3. ^ a b c Solar Industry's Boom in N.J. Casts Shadow Over Program That Spurred It, NY Times, August 25, 2011. Accessed September 18, 2011
  4. ^ a b c d e f Note that nominal power may be AC or DC, depending on the plant. See AC-DC conundrum: Latest PV power-plant ratings follies put focus on reporting inconsistency (update)
  5. ^ [1], HT, May 18, 2016
  6. ^ a b [2]
  7. ^ a b [3]
  8. ^ [4]
  9. ^ [5], IKEA, 2014
  10. ^ [6], Gerresheimer Glass, May, 2012
  11. ^ Boeing announces solar plan for SC assembly plant
  12. ^ Boeing S.C. plant turns on solar power
  13. ^ Rooftop solar project powers up, Los Angeles Times Saturday, December 6, 2008
  14. ^ http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/punjab/mohali-gets-country-s-second-largest-rooftop-solar-power-plant/272330.html
  15. ^ China’s biggest rooftop solar power base takes shape, China Daily, November 5, 2009
  16. ^ AGT signs contract for 1.27MW BIPV roof installation, PV Tech, December 10, 2009
  17. ^ Cape Town business feeds power into grid, Fin24, July 30, 2014
  18. ^ http://globalnews.ca/news/2793299/massive-rooftop-solar-panel-southeast-of-edmonton-nearly-complete/ Massive rooftop solar array south of Edmonton nearly complete], Global News Edmonton, June 28, 2016
  19. ^ SCE Completes Solar Installation in Rialto, Solar Buzz, November 19, 2010
  20. ^ Delhi gets 1-Mw solar energy generator, Business Standard, December 22, 2010
  21. ^ German solar system installed ahead of schedule, Construction Digital, July 20, 2010
  22. ^ [7], CuisinArt Golf Resort & Spa is Soaking Up the Sun, June 2nd, 2014
  23. ^ [8], Half Moon Ventures Unveils One of New York's Largest Rooftop Solar Energy Projects at i.Park Hudson Complex in Yonkers , Dec 6, 2012
  24. ^ eai, february 28, 2015
  25. ^ "Hyprop Investments - Press Office". www.hyprop.co.za. Retrieved 2016-09-19. 
  26. ^ "Commercial Solar in South Africa by Sola Future Energy | Project Showcase". www.solafuture.co.za. Retrieved 2016-08-27. 
  27. ^ China Datang Starts Construction of Rooftop Solar Power Plant in Jiangsu, Bloomberg New Energy Finance, June 28, 2010
  28. ^ L&T construction commissions world's largest single roofotp solar PV plant in Punjab, BSE, September 3, 2014
  29. ^ Uni-Solar Corporate Overview Brochure
  30. ^ GM installs world's biggest rooftop solar panels
  31. ^ Saint-Gobain Solar expands on the PV tiles solar roofing market with an innovative partner: Solaire France, October 6, 2009
  32. ^ Trip 1 - Concentrated Solar Power, May 18, 2011
  33. ^ Largest Rooftop Solar Power Plant in North America Formally Completed
  34. ^ Riverside Renewable Energy LLC
  35. ^ PV julist and juwi complete 7.4MW Goodyear Dunlop roof installation, PV Tech, January 7, 2011
  36. ^ World’s Largest Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) Project Online, July 21, 2010
  37. ^ a b c d e f g Building integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV): Solar electric power systems conquer large roofs and façades , July 9, 2007
  38. ^ BI PV Project Summary
  39. ^ [Avidan Energy Solutions LLC http://solarnation.kiosk-view.com/avidan], accessed September 18, 2011
  40. ^ BI PV Project Summary
  41. ^ Project Focus: Suntech completes 3.12MW BIPV installation, Shanghai, January 14, 2010.
  42. ^ [9]
  43. ^ [10]
  44. ^ FedEx Unveils Largest Rooftop Solar Array In U.S., April 22, 2010.
  45. ^ UNI-SOLAR brand photovoltaics to be utilized in a 9.7 Megawatt portfolio of projects in Italy with Winch Energy
  46. ^ Solar Roof Installation Progresses at Atlantic City Convention Center, November 24, 2008
  47. ^ Energy-gobbling city home to biggest solar roof, March 5, 2009
  48. ^ [11]
  49. ^ Real Stories Tesco Fresh + Easy
  50. ^ http://www.facilitiesnet.com/green/article/How-the-GSAs-Bean-Federal-Center-Uses-Solar-Power-to-Save-on-Utility-Costs--13852
  51. ^ 1.8 MW UNI-SOLAR Install on Toyota Parts Center Roof in Europe, May 6, 2010
  52. ^ Google Powers Up 1.6 MW Solar System & Hybrid Initiative, Renewable Energy World, June 20, 2007
  53. ^ Rome Trade Fair
  54. ^ Staples and SunEdison turn on solar roof system in California, PV Tech, June 3, 2010
  55. ^ The Solar PV Demonstration Facility and Climate-Change Education Center, OCCC
  56. ^ Port of Los Angeles boasts new 1MW rooftop solar PV installation, PV Tech, December 10, 2010
  57. ^ [12] solstis
  58. ^ Gloucester Marine Terminal to Construct 9 MW Solar Rooftop, Solarbuzz, June 22, 2011. Accessed September 18, 2011
  59. ^ Solar Power to develop 5MW rooftop system for White Rose Foods in New Jersey, PV Tech, December 10, 2010
  60. ^ SunPower Plans 3.5-Megawatt Solar System for Macy's Arizona Fulfillment Center, PV Tech, October 12, 2010
  61. ^ GSK Claims Largest Rooftop Solar Array in North America, Environmental Leader, October 29, 2010
  62. ^ Salt Lake City Gets Country's Biggest Rooftop Solar Installation, Fast Company, August 6, 2010
  63. ^ Empire to Install Arizona's Largest Commercial Solar Rooftop System, Fast Company, April 19, 2010
  64. ^ Constellation, McCormick announce solar agreement, Baltimore Sun, April 22, 2010
  65. ^ 1-MW Solar System Unveiled in Maryland
  66. ^ a b Photovoltaic Project - Energy Utility Management, San Diego Unified School District
  67. ^ Energy Conversion Devices installs 3MW of Uni-Solar BIPV Installations on Lidl Logistics buildings, Design-Build Solar, April 19, 2010
  68. ^ Project: Jefferson Union School District, SCS Renewable
  69. ^ a b Manalapan-Englishtown Regional Schools, Spiezle Architectural Group, November 3, 2009
  70. ^ Livingston School District Solar Enterprise, Part 1: Burnett Hill Elementary School, EMSA Solar, June 28, 2011. Accessed September 18, 2011
  71. ^ Livingston School District Solar Enterprise, Part 2: Collins Elementary School, EMSA Solar, June 28, 2011. Accessed September 18, 2011
  72. ^ Livingston School District Solar Enterprise, Part 3: Harrison Elementary School, EMSA Solar, June 28, 2011. Accessed September 18, 2011
  73. ^ Livingston School District Solar Enterprise, Part 4: Heritage Middle School, EMSA Solar, June 28, 2011. Accessed September 18, 2011
  74. ^ Livingston School District Solar Enterprise, Part 5: Hillside Elementary School, EMSA Solar, June 28, 2011. Accessed September 18, 2011
  75. ^ Livingston School District Solar Enterprise, Part 6: Livingston High School, EMSA Solar, June 28, 2011. Accessed September 18, 2011
  76. ^ Livingston School District Solar Enterprise, Part 7: Mt Pleasant Elementary and Middle School, EMSA Solar, June 28, 2011. Accessed September 18, 2011
  77. ^ Livingston School District Solar Enterprise, Part 8: Riker Hill Elementary School, EMSA Solar, June 28, 2011. Accessed September 18, 2011
  78. ^ United Solar completes installs 21 school roof systems, Design Build Solar, February 23, 2011
  79. ^ [13]

External links[edit]