List of rulers of Baden

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Monarchy of Baden
Coat of Arms of the Grand Duchy of Baden 1877-1918.svg
Frederick II
StyleHis Royal Highness (for Grand Dukes)
First monarchBerthold I (as Count)
Last monarchFrederick II (as Grand Duke)
Abolition22 November 1918
Pretender(s)Maximilian (as Margrave)

Baden was an Imperial Estate of the Holy Roman Empire and later one of the German states along the frontier with France, primarily consisting of territory along the right bank of the Rhine, opposite Alsace and the Palatinate.


The territory evolved out of the Breisgau, an early medieval county in the Duchy of Swabia. A continuous sequence of counts is known since 962; the counts belong to the House of Zähringen. In 1061, the counts first acquired the additional title of Margrave of Verona. Even though they lost the March of Verona soon thereafter, they kept the title of margrave. In 1112, the title of Margrave of Baden was first used.

For most of the early modern period, the Margraviate of Baden was divided into two parts, one ruled by the Catholic Margraves of Baden-Baden, and the other by the Protestant Margraves of Baden-Durlach. In 1771, the main Baden-Baden line became extinct, and all of the Baden lands came under the rule of the Baden-Durlach line. The reunited margraviate existed until 1803.

During the Napoleonic era, in the imperial reorganisation of 1803, Baden gained a great deal of additional territory, and its ruler was promoted to become one of the few prince-electors of the Holy Roman Empire. However, this situation lasted only for three years until the crushing Battle of Austerlitz at the hands of Napoleon's armies, which caused the Holy Roman Empire to be declared dissolved eight months later, in August 1806.

By definition the Electorate of Baden then ceased to exist as such. Just as the former Holy Roman Emperor noe assumed the title of Emperor of Austria, so the ruler of Baden assumed that of Grand Duke of Baden. The Grand Duchy of Baden, with increased additional territory, continued in existence approximately within its 1806 borders until the fall of the German monarchies in 1918, when it became the Republic of Baden.

Counts in Breisgau[edit]

The Margraviate of Baden[edit]

During the 11th century, the Duchy of Swabia lacked a powerful central authority and was under the control of various comital dynasties, the strongest of them being the House of Hohenstaufen, the House of Welf, the Habsburgs and the House of Zähringen. Emperor Henry III had promised the ducal throne to the Zähringen scion Berthold, however, upon Henry's death in 1056, his widow Agnes of Poitou appointed Rudolf of Rheinfelden as Duke of Swabia. Berthold renounced his rights and was compensated with the Duchy of Carinthia and the March of Verona in Italy. Not able to establish himself, he finally lost both territories, when he was deposed by King Henry IV of Germany during the Investiture Controversy in 1077. Berthold retired to his Swabian home territory, where he died the next year. The Veronese margravial title was nevertheless retained by his eldest son, Herman I.

Herman II, son of Herman I and grandson of Berthold, had concluded an agreement with the rival Hohenstaufen dynasty, and about 1098 was enfeoffed with immediate territory by Emperor Henry IV. He chose to establish his residence in Germany, as he had been born and raised there. His lordship of choice was Baden (present-day Baden-Baden), where his father had gained the right to rule by marrying the heiress, Judit von Backnang-Sulichgau, Countess of Eberstein-Calw. In Baden, Herman II had Hohenbaden Castle built. Construction began about 1100, and when it was completed in 1112, he marked the occasion by adopting the title of Margrave of Baden.

House of Zähringen[edit]

Partitions of Baden under Zähringen rule[edit]

Margraviate of Baden
(Baden-Pforzheim line from 1348)
(In 1515 new divisions were made)
Margraviate of Baden-Durlach
(Durlach-Sausenberg line
from 1604

(Baden-Rodemachern line
from 1588)

Margraviate of Baden
(from Baden-Durlach line)

Table of rulers[edit]

(Note: Between 1190 and 1515 there were three main numberings of rulers in Baden: the Baden numbering, valid for all divisions of Baden with exception of Hachberg; the Hachberg numbering, valid in the namesake territory; and the Hachberg-Sausenberg, division of the previous, which also adopted an independent numbering for its rulers. With the reunion of Baden in 1503, Baden original numbering ended up prevailing over the others.)

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
Herman II c.1060 1074–1130 7 October 1130 Baden Judith of Hohenberg
two children
He was the first to use the title of "Margrave of Baden" (in 1112).
Herman III the Great c.1105 1130–1160 16 January 1160 Baden Bertha of Lorraine
one child

Maria of Bohemia
After 1141
one child
In 1151, the margraviate of Verona was taken from Ottokar III of Styria and conferred on Herman III. Took part in the Second Crusade.
Herman IV c.1135 1160–1190 13 September 1190 Baden Bertha of Tübingen
seven children
Took part in various battles at the side of the German Emperor, and also joined on the Third Crusade.
Henry I c.1180? 1190–1231 2 July 1231 Baden-Hachberg Agnes of Urach
Before 1231
three children
Herman V Herman V, Margrave of Baden-Baden.jpg c.1180 1190–1243 16 January 1243 Baden Irmengard of the Palatinate-Rhine
four children
Henry II Heinrich II. (Baden-Hachberg).jpg Before 1231 1231–1289 1297 or 1298 Baden-Hachberg Anne of Üsingen-Ketzingen
Before 1289
eight children
Abdicated in 1289, and joined the Teutonic Knights.
Herman VI Herman VI, Margrave of Baden.jpg c.1226 1243–1250 4 October 1250 Baden Gertrude of Austria
two children
Fought in the Austrian War of Succession in 1246, claiming the title "Duke of Austria" from 1248.
Frederick I Konradin.jpg c.1249 1250–1268 29 October 1268 Baden Unmarried Ruled jointly with his uncle, Rudolf. Accompanied King Conradin in his battles and was beheaded with him in 1268.
Rudolph I Rudolf I v Baden.jpg c.1230 1250–1288 19 November 1288 Baden Kunigunde of Eberstein
20 May 1257
eight children
Brother of Herman VI, ruled jointly with his nephew, and then alone.
Herman VII the Rouser Herman 7 of Baden.jpg c.1266 1288–1291 12 July 1291 Baden Agnes of Truhendingen
Before 6 October 1278
four children
Son of Rudolf I, divided Baden-Baden with his sons from 1290 onwards. Also ruled his part with his brothers until his death.
Rudolph II the Elder Margraves of Baden.jpg c.1266? 1288–1295 14 February 1295 Baden Adelaide of Ochsenstein
2 May 1285
three children
Son of Rudolf I, ruled jointly with his brothers. From 1290 ruled a smaller territory.
Rudolph III the Younger c.1266? 1288–1332 2 February 1332 Baden Jutta of Strassberg
no children
Son of Rudolf I, ruled jointly with his brothers. From 1290 ruled a smaller territory
Hesso c.1268 1288–1297 13 February 1297 Baden Clara of Klingen
Before 1291
one child?

Irmengard of Württemberg
Before 1295
no children

Adelaide of Rieneck
Before 1299
one child
Son of Rudolf I, ruled jointly with his brothers. From 1290 ruled a smaller territory.
Henry III Siegel Heinrich III v Hachberg.jpg Before 1289 1289–1330 1330 Baden-Hachberg Agnes of Hohenberg
Before 1310
three children
Rudolph I Rudolf I Hachberg-Sausenberg.jpg Before 1289 1290–1313 1313 Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg Agnes of Rötteln
1298 or 1299
three children
Son of Henry II, founded the Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg Branch.
Frederick II Before 1278 1291–1333 22 June 1333 Baden-Eberstein Agnes of Weinsberg
before 16 October 1312
one child

Margaret of Vaihingen
Before 1333
four children
Son of Herman VII, founded the Baden-Baden-Eberstein Branch
Herman VIII Before 1278 1291–1300 1300 Baden-Pforzheim Unmarried Son of Herman VII, ruled jointly with his brother Rudolph IV.
Rudolph Hesso c.1290 1297–1335 17 August 1335 Baden Joanna of Burgundy
Before 1335
two children
With no male heirs, Baden-Baden was inherited after his death by his cousin, Rudolf IV, Margrave of Baden-Pforzheim.
Rudolph IV Before 1278 1291–1335 25 June 1348 Baden-Pforzheim Liutgard of Bolanden
28 February 1318
no children

Maria of Oettingen
18 February 1326
two children
Ruled Pforzheim with his brother Herman VIII. Rudolph inherited Baden in 1335, after the death of his cousin Rudolph Hesso.
1335-1348 Baden
Henry 1300 1313–1318 1318 Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg Unmarried Sons of Rudolph IV, ruled jointly.
Rudolph II 1301 1313–1352 1352 Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg Catherine of Thierstein
two children
Otto Grabplatte Otto I. Hachberg Sausenberg.JPG 1302 1318–1384 1384 Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg Catherine of Grandson
no children

Elisabeth of Strasbourg
Before 1352
no children
Henry IV Siegel Heinrich IV v Hachberg.jpg Before 1310 1330–1369 1369 Baden-Hachberg Anna of Usenberg
Before 1369
four children
Herman IX Herman7 of Baden.jpg Before 1333 1333–1353 13 April 1353 Baden-Eberstein Matilda of Vaihingen
c.3 June 1341
one child
Son of Frederick II, he had a son, who predeceased him. At his death Baden-Baden-Eberstein returned to Baden-Baden.
Rudolph V Trachtenbuch des Matthaus Schwarz aus Augsburg,1520 - 1560 132.png Before 1348 1348–1361 28 August 1361 Baden-Pforzheim Adelaide of Belfort
26 August 1347
no children
After his death without children, Pforzheim returned again to Baden-Baden, to the hands of his nephew Rudolph VI.
Frederick III 1327 1348–1353 2 September 1353 Baden Margaret of Baden-Baden
two children
Sons of Rudolph V, ruled jointly. Frederick married his cousin Margaret, daughter of Rudolph Hesso, and Rudolph IX inherited (after his nrtoher and uncle's death) Pforzheim, reuniting it with Baden-Baden.
Rudolph VI Rudolf4Baden.jpg c.1345 1353–1372 21 March 1372 Baden Matilda of Sponheim
three children
Inherited Pforzheim from his uncle, Rudolph V, in 1361, reuniting it with Baden.
Otto I Before 1369 1369–1386 9 July 1386 Baden-Hachberg Unmarried Died at the Battle of Sempach, against the Habsburgs.
Bernard I Bernhard I von Baden.jpg 1364 1372–1431 5 April 1431 Baden Margaret of Hohenberg
1 September 1384
(annulled 1391)
no children

Anna of Oettingen
27 March 1398
ten children
Sons of Rudolph IX, ruled jointly. In 1415 Bernard annexed the lands of Baden-Hachberg.
Rudolph VII Rudolf 7 Baden.jpg After 1356? 1372–1391 1391 Baden Unmarried
Rudolph III Rudolf III. (Hachberg-Sausenberg).jpg 1343 1384–1428 8 February 1428 Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg Adelaide of Lichtenberg
no children

Anna of Freiburg
thirteen children
John I Before 1369 1386–1409 1409 Baden-Hachberg Unmarried Brothers of Otto I, ruled jointly.
Hesso Before 1369 1386–1410 1410 Baden-Hachberg Anna of Geroldseck
Before 1381
three children

Margaret of Tübingen
one child
Otto II Siegel Otto II v Hachberg.jpg Before 1381 1410–1415 1418 Baden-Hachberg Unmarried In 1415, possibly in debt, sold Hachberg to his cousin Bernard I of Baden-Baden.
William Wilhelm Hachberg.JPG 11 July 1406 1428–1441 15 August 1482 Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg Elisabeth of Montfort-Bregenz
(annulled 1436)
three children
Abdicated in 1441 for his sons.
James I Jacob, Margrave of Baden-Baden.jpg 15 March 1407 1431–1453 13 October 1453 Baden Catherine of Lorraine
25 July 1422
seven children
Hugo After 1427 1441–1444 1444 Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg Unmarried Sons of Wiliam I, ruled jointly. In 1458, Rudolph inherited the Swiss county of Neuchâtel.
Rudolph IV Rudolf IV. v. Hachberg-Sausenberg.jpg 1426 or 1427 1441–1487 12 April 1487 Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg Margaret of Vienne
two children
Bernard II Schopfheim - Katholische Pfarrkirche8.jpg 1428 or 1429 1453–1458 15 July 1458 Baden Unmarried Co-ruled with his brother Charles I. He spent most of his income assisting the poor and those in need.
Charles I Karl I of Baden.jpg 1427 1453–1475 24 February 1475 Baden Catherine of Austria
1 July 1447
six children
Co-ruled with his brother until 1458. then ruled alone.
Christopher I Christoph I of baden 1515 munich.jpg 13 November 1453 1475–1515 19 April 1527 Baden Ottilie of Katzenelnbogen
30 January 1469
fifteen children
In 1503 annexed Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg. Ruled an unified Baden, but abdicated for his sons, who divided Baden again.
Philip 1454 1487–1503 9 September 1503 Baden-Hachberg-Sausenberg Maria of Savoy
October 1478
one child
Also count of Neuchâtel. Didn't have male heirs and Baden-Hachberg Sausenberg was incorporated in Baden-Baden. However, his possessions in Neuchâtel passed to his daughter Joanna.
Bernard III Bernhard III. von Baden.jpg 7 October 1474 1515–1536 29 June 1536 Baden-Baden Franziska of Luxembourg-Ligny
two children
First margrave of the recreated Baden-Baden. After his death his lands were divided between his sons: Christopher II received Baden-Baden-Rodemachern, and Philibert I, the remaining Baden-Baden. However, as his heirs were minors, the lands remained united under the regency of his widow Franziska.
Ernest I Ernst Baden.jpg 7 October 1482 1515–1552 6 February 1553 Baden-Durlach Elisabeth of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Kulmbach
29 September 1510
seven children

Ursula of Rosenfeld
three children

Anna Bombast of Hohenheim
1 March 1544
no children
First margrave of Baden-Durlach. Abdicated for his son.
Philip I 6 November 1479 1515–1533 17 September 1533 Baden-Sponheim Elisabeth of the Palatinate
3 January 1503
six children
Received Baden-Sponheim from his father, Christopher I. Died with no surviving sons, and his lands reverted to Baden-Baden.
Philibert I

(under regency of Franziska of Luxembourg-Ligny (1536-1554))
Philibert Baden.jpeg 22 January 1536 1536–1569 3 October 1569 Baden-Baden Matilda of Bavaria
17 January 1557
four children
Christopher II

(under regency of Franziska of Luxembourg-Ligny (1536-1554))
Image-Christoph II. von Baden.jpg 26 February 1537 1554–1575 2 August 1575 Baden-Baden-Rodemachern Cecilia of Sweden
11 November 1564
six children
Bernard IV 1517 1552–1553 20 January 1553 Baden-Durlach Unmarried Left no heirs. The land goes to his brother, Charles II.
Charles II Karl II Kupferstich v Muenze.JPG 24 July 1529 1553–1577 23 March 1577 Baden-Durlach Kunigunde of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
10 March 1551
two children

Anna of the Palatinate-Veldenz
1 August 1558
six children
After his death Baden-Durlach was divided between his three sons: Baden-Durlach-Hachberg went to Jacob III, second son of Charles; Baden-Durlach-Sausenberg to George Frederick, third son of Charles; the remaining Baden-Durlach went to the oldest son, Ernest Frederick. But as the heirs were minors, until 1584 Baden-Durlach remained united under regents.
Philip II

(under regency of Albert V, Duke of Bavaria (1569-c.1577))
Philipp II Baden.jpeg 19 February 1559 1569–1588 7 June 1588 Baden-Baden Unmarried The Catholic rite was reintroduced on Baden. Left no descendants. Baden-Baden is inherited by his cousin Edward Fortunatus, of the branch of Baden-Rodemachern.
Edward Fortunatus Eduard Fortunat von Baden.jpg 17 September 1565 1575–1588 8 June 1600 Baden-Rodemachern Maria van Eicken
13 March 1591
four children
Son of Christopher II, inherited Baden-Baden in 1588 from his cousin Philip III. In the same year he abdicated of Baden-Baden-Rodemachern to his younger brother Philip IV. In 1594 Baden-Baden was occupied by Baden-Durlach.
1588-1594 Baden-Baden
James III[1] Markgraf Jakob III. von Baden.jpg 26 May 1562 1584–1590 17 August 1590 Baden-Durlach-Hachberg Elisabeth of Culemborg-Pallandt
6 September 1584
four children
Second son of Charles II, received Baden-Durlach-Hachberg.
Philip IV 15 August 1567 1588–1620 6 November 1620 Baden-Baden-Rodemachern Maria van Eicken
13 March 1591
four children
Inherited Baden-Baden-Rodemachern in 1588 from his older brother Edward Fortunatus, who abdicated on him. After his death Rodemachern passed to his nephew and second son of Edward Fortunatus, Herman.
Ernest James

(Under regency of
Ernest Frederick, Margrave of Baden-Durlach (1590-1591)
24 August 1590 1590–1591 29 May 1591 Baden-Durlach-Hachberg Unmarried Posthumous son of James II, died in infancy, under the illegal regency of the margrave of Baden-Durlach, who also annexed Ernest James' margraviate.
Ernest Frederick

(Under regency
of Anna of the Palatinate-Veldenz,
Louis III, Duke of Württemberg,
and Louis VI, Elector Palatine (1577-1584))
Ernst Friedrich v Baden Durlach Kupferstich v Muenze 3.jpg 17 October 1560 1577–1604 14 April 1604 Baden-Durlach Anne of Ostfriesland
21 December 1585
no children
Oldest son of Charles II, received the remaining Baden-Durlach. Left no descendants and his lands were inherited by George Frederick, his brother from Baden-Durlach-Sausenberg. Occupied Baden-Baden and passed it to his brother after his death.
1594–1604 Baden-Baden
George Frederick

(Under regency
of Anna of the Palatinate-Veldenz,
Louis III, Duke of Württemberg,
and Louis VI, Elector Palatine (1577-1584))
Arolsen Klebeband 01 279 3.jpg 30 January 1573 1584-1604 24 September 1638 Baden-Durlach-Sausenberg Juliane Ursula of Salm-Neufville
2 July 1592
fifteen children

Agatha of Erbach-Breuberg
23 October 1614
three children

Elizabeth Stolz
29 July 1621
no children
Third son of Charles II, received Baden-Durlach-Sausenberg. After the death of his older brothers without heirs, he united in 1604 Baden-Durlach under his rule. Also retained, until 1621, Baden-Baden, but was defeated by his kinsman William II, son of Edward Fortunatus. Reunited, in 1604, Baden-Durlach.
1604–1621 Baden-Baden
1621–1638 Baden-Durlach
Herman Fortunatus 23 January 1595 1620–1665 4 January 1665 Baden-Baden-Rodemachern Antonia Elisabeth of Criechingen
18 April 1627
three children

Maria Sidonia of Daun-Falkenstein
After 1635
two children
Second son of Edward Fortunatus, inherited from his uncle Baden-Baden-Rodemachern.
William II Arolsen Klebeband 01 291.jpg 30 July 1593 1621–1677 22 May 1677 Baden-Baden Catherine Ursula of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
13 October 1624
fourteen children

Maria Magdalena of Oettingen-Baldern
five children
Oldest son of Edward Fortunatus, recovered his inheritance in 1621.
Frederick V the Kinsman[2] Friedrich V Baden-Durlach.jpg 6 July 1594 1638–1659 8 September 1659 Baden-Durlach Barbara of Württemberg
21 December 1616
seven children

Eleonore of Solms-Laubach
8 October 1627
three children

Maria Elisabeth of Waldeck-Eisenberg
21 January 1634
no children

Anna Maria von Hohen-Geroldseck
13 February 1644
no children

Eusebia Elisabeth of Fürstenberg
20 May 1650
no children
Frederick VI the Turkish Friedrich VI. von Baden-Durlach.jpg 16 November 1617 1659–1677 31 January 1677 Baden-Durlach Christina Magdalena of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Kleeburg
30 November 1642
eight children

Johanna Bayer of Sendau
After 1662
two children
Charles William 1627 1665–1666 1666 Baden-Baden-Rodemachern Unmarried Died without descendants and his lands reverted to Baden-Baden.
Louis William the Turkish HGM Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden Baden.jpg 8 April 1655 1677–1707 4 January 1707 Baden-Baden Sibylle of Saxe-Lauenburg
27 March 1690
ten children
Grandson of William I. Made war with France.
Frederick VII Magnus Friedrich Magnus v Baden Durlach 2.jpg 23 September 1647 1677–1709 25 June 1709 Baden-Durlach Augusta Marie of Holstein-Gottorp
15 May 1670
eleven children
Louis George the Hunter

(under regency of Sibylle of Saxe-Lauenburg (1707-1727))
Ludwig Georg Simpert.jpg 7 June 1702 1707–1761 22 October 1761 Baden-Baden Maria Anna of Schwarzenberg
8 April 1721
Český Krumlov
four children

Maria Anna Josepha of Bavaria
20 July 1755
no children
His mother has been credited with the reconstruction of Baden-Baden, which had been ravaged greatly by the French during various wars.
Charles III William Huber Carl III.Wilhelm.jpeg 27 January 1679 1709–1738 12 May 1738 Baden-Durlach Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg
27 June 1697
(separated 1715)
three children
August George Heinrich Lihl 001.jpg 14 January 1706 1761–1771 21 October 1771 Baden-Baden Maria Victoria of Arenberg
7 December 1735
no children
Last male member of the Baden-Baden line, after his death without heirs Baden-Baden fell to the Baden-Durlach line, who reunited all Baden.
Charles Frederick

(under regency of
Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg
(1738-1742) and Charles August of Baden-Durlach (1738-1746))
Karl Friedrich von Baden.jpg 22 November 1728 1738–1771 10 June 1811 Baden-Durlach Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
28 January 1751
five children

Louise Caroline of Hochberg
24 November 1787
five children
In 1746 attained majority. In 1771 inherited the Baden-Baden lands and reunified the margraviate of Baden.In 1803 became Elector.
1771–1803 Baden

Elector of Baden, 1803–1806[edit]

Elector of Baden
Baden Dynasty
Image Name
Began Ended Notes
Karl Friedrich von Baden.jpg Charles Frederick
Karl Friedrich
27 April 1803 25 July 1806 The first and only Elector of Baden. Became Grand Duke of Baden.

Grand Dukes of Baden, 1806–1918[edit]

Grand Dukes of Baden[3][better source needed]
Baden Dynasty
Image Name
Began Ended Notes
Karl Friedrich von Baden.jpg Charles Frederick
Karl Friedrich
25 July 1806 10 June 1811
Grossherzog Karl von Baden 1811.jpg Charles I
Karl I
10 June 1811 8 December 1818 Grandson of Charles Frederick.
Grossherzog Ludwig von Baden 1820.jpg Louis I
Ludwig I
8 December 1818 30 March 1830 Uncle of Charles.
Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden.PNG Leopold I
Leopold I
30 March 1830 24 April 1852 Half-brother of Louis I.
Ludwig II. Grand duke of Baden.png Louis II
Ludwig II
24 April 1852 22 January 1858 Son of Leopold I. Ruled under the regency of his brother Frederick.
Friedrich I of Baden.jpg Frederick I
Friedrich I
22 January 1858 28 September 1907 Brother of Louis II. Served as regent 1852–1858. Took the title of Grand Duke in 1856. Became a subordinate ruler in the German Empire after the Unification of Germany in 1871.
GrandDukeFriedrichII.jpg Frederick II
Friedrich II
28 September 1907 22 November 1918 Son of Frederick I. The last Grand Duke of Baden. Abdicated in the German Revolution of 1918–1919.

Heads of the Grand Ducal House of Baden since 1918[edit]

  • Leopold I, Grand Duke (1790–1852)
    • Friedrich I, Grand Duke (1826–1907)
    • Prince William of Baden (1829–1897)
      • Maximilian, titular Grand Duke 1928–1929 (1867–1929)
        • Berthold, Margrave 1929–1963 (1906–1963)
          • Maximilian, Margrave 1963–present (born 1933)
            • Bernhard, Hereditary Prince of Baden (born 1970)
              • Prince Leopold (born 2002)
              • Prince Friedrich (born 2004)
              • Prince Karl-Wilhelm (born 2006)
            • Prince Leopold (born 1971)
            • Prince Michael (born 1976)
          • Prince Ludwig of Baden (born 1937)
            • Prince Berthold of Baden (born 1976)

Presidents of the Republic of Baden, 1918–1945[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ He is numbered III after Jakob von Baden (Archbishop of Trier), usually counted as James II but didn't rule.
  2. ^ He is numbered V after Frederick of Baden (Bishop of Utrecht), usually counted as Frederick IV but didn't rule.
  3. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "baden/baden4.html".[self-published source]