List of rulers of Makuria

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Rulers[edit]

Note that dates are quite uncertain for most Makurian rulers.

name date of reign comments
Qalidurut c. 651/2 Signed the Baqt
Zacharias Rebuilt Cathedral of Dongola
Merkourios 696–710
Simeon
Abraham
Markos
Kyriakos c. 747–68
Khael or Mikhael c. 785/94 – 804/13
Ioannes Before 822? or c. 850?
Zakharias III c. 835?–856/859/866 son of Ioannes
Georgios I of Makuria 856/859/866 son of Zakharias
Zakharias IV 920–930
Kabil c. 943
Georgios II 969 – c. 1002
Raphael 1000 – c. 1006
Stephanos c. 1027
Solomon 1077–1079/80 supposedly restored matrilineal succession
Georgios III c. 1079/80
Basileios c. 1089
Georgios IV 1130–1158 son of Basileios[1]
Moses Georgios c. 1158 son of Georgios IV[2]
Murtashkar c. 1268
David c. 1268–1272
Shekanda c. 1276
Barak c. 1279
Semamun c. 1286–1287/8 also Simamun
Nephew of Semamun 1287/8–1288
Semamun c. 1288–1289
Nephew of David (Budamma) c. 1289–1290
Semamun c. 1290–1295
Ayay c. 1304/5
Kernabes 1311–1316
Barschanbu 1316–1317
Kanz ed-Dawla c. 1317
Kernabes 1323–1324
Kanz ed-Dawla c. 1324
al-Amir Abi Abdallah Kanz el-Dawla 1333

Bibliography[edit]

  • Derek A. Welsby: The Medieval Kingdoms of Nubia, British Museum Press, London 2002, pp. 259–61 ISBN 0-7141-1947-4

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ FARAS.
  2. ^ FARAS.

See also[edit]