List of rulers of Tibet

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This article lists the rulers of Tibet from the beginning of legendary history. Included are regimes with their base in Central Tibet, that held authority over at least a substantial portion of the country.

Pre-Imperial Yarlung dynasty[1][edit]

  • Nyatri Tsenpo
  • Mutri Tsenpo (son)
  • Dingtri Tsenpo (son)
  • Sotri Tsenpo (son)
  • Mertri Tsenpo (son)
  • Daktri Tsenpo (son)
  • Siptri Tsenpo (son)
  • Drigum Tsenpo (son)
  • Pude Gunggyal (son)
  • Esho Leg (son)
  • Desho Leg (son)
  • Tisho Leg (son)
  • Gongru Leg (son)
  • Drongzher Leg (son)
  • Isho Leg (son)
  • Zanam Zindé (son)
  • Detrul Namzhungtsen (son)
  • Senöl Namdé (son)
  • Senöl Podé (son)
  • Denöl Nam (son)
  • Denöl Po (son)
  • Degyal Po (son)
  • Detring Tsen (son)
  • Tore Longtsen (son)
  • Tritsun Nam (son)
  • Tridra Pungtsen (son)
  • Tritog Jethogtsen (son)
  • Lha Thothori (son)
  • Trinyen Zungtsen (son)
  • Drongnyen Deu (son)
  • Tagri Nyenzig (son)
  • Namri Songtsen ?–618 (son)

Tibetan Empire[edit]

[2]

Yuan dynasty and Sakya rulers[edit]

Sakya lamas[3][edit]

Sakya Imperial Preceptors (Dishi)[3][edit]

Dpon-chens (Ponchens)[3][edit]

  • Shakya Zangpo circa 1264–1270
  • Kunga Zangpo circa 1270–1275
  • Zhangtsun circa 1275–?
  • Chukpo Gangkarwa ?–1280
  • Changchub Rinchen 1281/82
  • Kunga Zhonnu 1282–circa 1285
  • Zhonnu Wangchuk circa 1285–1288
  • Changchub Dorje circa 1289
  • Aglen Dorje Pal circa 1290–1298
  • Zhonnu Wangchuk 1298 (second time)
  • Lekpa Pal 1298–circa 1305
  • Sengge Pal early 14th century
  • Odzer Sengge circa 1315–1317
  • Kunga Rinchen circa 1319
  • Donyo Pal circa 1320
  • Yontsun Drakpa Dar before 1322
  • Odzer Sengge ?–1328/29 (second time)
  • Gyalwa Zangpo 1328/29–1333
  • Wangchuk Pal 1333–1337
  • Sonam Pal 1337–1344
  • Gyalwa Zangpo 1344–1347 (second time)
  • Wangtson 1347–circa 1350
  • Gyalwa Zangpo circa 1350–1356/58 (third time)
  • Namkha Tenpai Gyaltsen circa 1357
  • Palbum ?–1360
  • Namkha Tenpai Gyaltsen circa 1364 (second time)

Phagmodrupa dynasty[4][edit]

Rinpungpa dynasty[5][edit]

Tsangpa dynasty[6][edit]

Gandan Phodrang and Qing dynasty[edit]

Khoshut kings of Tibet[edit]

[7]

Dalai Lamas[edit]

[7]

Panchen Lamas[edit]

Dzungar occupation[edit]

Qing rule[edit]

Gashi and Pholha princes[7][edit]

Qing imperial residents (Ambans)[edit]

  • Sengge 1727–1733 (first)
  • Lianyu 1906–1912 (last)

20th century Silöns (prime ministers)[edit]

Modern political leaders within China[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ancient Tibet: Research materials from the Yeshe De project. Berkeley 1986, pp. 141-78; Tsepon W.D. Shakabpa, Tibet. A Political History. Yale 1967.
  2. ^ Christopher I. Beckwith, The Tibetan Empire in Central Asia. Princeton 1987, pp. 226–9; Tsepon W.D. Shakabpa, Tibet. A Political History. Yale 1967.
  3. ^ a b c Luciano Petech, Central Tibet and the Mongols. Rome 1990.
  4. ^ Giuseppe Tucci, Tibetan Painted Scrolls. [Rome 1949; Giuseppe Tucci, Deb T'er Dmar Po Gsarma. Rome 1971; Per K. Sørensen & Guntram Hazod, Rulers on the Celestial Plain. Wien 2007; Olaf Czaja, Medieval rule in Tibet, Vol. I-II. Wien 2013.
  5. ^ Giuseppe Tucci, 1949; Giuseppe Tucci, 1971; Olaf Czaja, 2013.
  6. ^ Giuseppe Tucci, 1949; Hugh E. Richardson, A Short History of Tibet. New York 1962.
  7. ^ a b c Hugh E. Richardson, 1962; Tsepon W.D. Shakabpa, 1967.
  8. ^ Samten G. Karmay, The Illusive Play; The Political Autobiography of the Fifth Dalai Lama, Vol. 1 (a.k.a. The Dukula), Serindia, Chicago 2014, pp. 403-425
  9. ^ Tsepon W.D. Shakabpa, One Hundred Thousand Moons: An Advanced Political History of Tibet, Vol. 2, Brill, Boston, 2010, p. 1133