List of satellites in geosynchronous orbit

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This is a list of satellites in geosynchronous orbit (GSO). These satellites are commonly used for communication purposes, such as radio and television networks, back-haul, and direct broadcast. Traditional global navigation systems do not use geosynchronous satellites, but some SBAS navigation satellites do. A number of weather satellites are also present in geosynchronous orbits. Not included in the list below are several more classified military geosynchronous satellites, such as PAN.

A special case of geosynchronous orbit is the geostationary orbit, which is a circular geosynchronous orbit at zero inclination (that is, directly above the equator). A satellite in a geostationary orbit appears stationary, always at the same point in the sky, to ground observers. Popularly or loosely, the term "geosynchronous" may be used to mean geostationary.[1] Specifically, geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO) may be a synonym for geosynchronous equatorial orbit,[2] or geostationary Earth orbit.[3] To avoid confusion, geosynchronous satellites that are not in geostationary orbit are sometimes referred to as being in an inclined geostationary orbit (IGSO).

Some of these satellites are separated from each other by as little as 0.1° longitude. This corresponds to an inter-satellite spacing of approximately 73 km. The major consideration for spacing of geostationary satellites is the beamwidth at-orbit of uplink transmitters, which is primarily a factor of the size and stability of the uplink dish, as well as what frequencies the satellite's transponders receive; satellites with discontiguous frequency allocations can be much closer together.

As of December 2019, the website UCS Satellite Database lists 2218 known satellites. This includes all orbits and everything down to the little CubeSats, not just satellites in GEO. Of these, 562 are listed in the database as being at GEO. The website provides a spreadsheet containing details of all the satellites, which can be downloaded.

Listings are from west to east (decreasing longitude in the Western Hemisphere and increasing longitude in the Eastern Hemisphere) by orbital position, starting and ending with the International Date Line. Satellites in inclined geosynchronous orbit are so indicated by a note in the "remarks" columns.

Western hemisphere[edit]

Location Satellite Satellite
bus
Source Operator Type Coverage Launch date/rocket (UTC) Remarks
180.0° W Intelsat-18 Intelsat Television and Radio Broadcasting South Pacific 5 October 2011 Zenit Replaced Intelsat 701
177.0° W NSS-9 Orbital
Star-2
Luxembourg SES Intercontinental Voice, Video, and Internet Pacific Ocean region 12 February 2009
Ariane 5ECA V187
177.1° W Yamal 300K Russia Gazprom Space Systems Television and Internet Russia 2 November 2012 Proton-M [4]
174.3° W TDRS-10 United States
171.1° W TDRS-11 United States
169.5° W NSS-6 Lockheed Martin
A2100AXS
Netherlands SES Direct broadcasting, video distribution Asia 17 December 2002
Ariane 44L
Ku-band satellite
167.6° W TDRS-5 United States
148.0° West EchoStar-1 Lockheed Martin AS-7000 United States Echostar / DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 28 December 1995, Long March 2E Scheduled to move to 77° W
139.0° W AMC-6 Lockheed Martin
A2100AX
United States SES Comsat North America, Greenland, Latin America 21 October 2000
Proton-K / DM3
Formerly GE-6 (1997-2001)
AMC-18 Lockheed Martin
A2100A
United States SES and AT&T Alascom Comsat Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean 8 December 2006
Ariane 5ECA (VA174)
Formerly GE-18
135.0° W AMC-4 Lockheed Martin
2100AX
United States SES Television and Radio Broadcasting North America, Latin America, Caribbean 13 November 1999
Ariane 44LP H10-3 (V123)
Formerly GE-4 (1999-2001)
AMC-8, Aurora-3 Lockheed Martin
2100A
United States SES and AT&T Alascom Comsat Canada, Alaska, United States, Mexico, Caribbean 20 December 2000
Ariane 5G (V138)
Formerly GE-8 (2000-2001)
128° West GOES 15 United States National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS)[5] Weather [5] North America and the Pacific Ocean basin [5] 4 March 2010, Delta IV, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS), Florida [5]
133.0° W Galaxy-15 United States
131.0° W AMC-1 Lockheed Martin
A2100
United States SES Television and Radio Broadcasting Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean 8 September 1996
Atlas IIA
Formerly GE-1 (1996-2001)
AMC-11 Lockheed Martin
A2100A
United States SES Television and Radio Broadcasting Canada, Caribbean, CONUS, Mexico 19 May 2004
Atlas IIAS
Formerly GE-11 (2004)
129.0° W SES-15 Boeing Satellite Systems
BSS-702P
Luxembourg SES Aviation, government, VSAT North America, Latin America, Caribbean, Atlantic Ocean region 18 May 2017
Soyuz ST-A / Fregat-M
Hybrid Ku-band / Ka-band / WAAS satellite
Ciel-2 Thales Alenia Space Spacebus 4000C4 Canada Ciel Satellite Group Direct Broadcasting North America 10 December 2008, Proton-M / Briz M Ku-band satellite|
Galaxy-12 Orbital Sciences Corporation STAR-2 United States Intelsat Television/Radio Broadcasting [6] Ariane 5G replaced failed Galaxy 15
127.0° W Galaxy-13 HS-601 United States Intelsat 24 C-Band transponders 1 October 2003, Zenit-3SL Same satellite as Horizons-1
Horizons-1 HS-601 United States Japan Satellite Systems 24 Ku-Band transponders 1 October 2003, Zenit-3SL Same satellite as Galaxy-13
125.0°W AMC-21 Orbital ATK
GEOStar-2
United States SES Comsat Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean, Central America 14 August 2008
Ariane 5 ECA
Ku-band satellite
123.0° W Galaxy 18 LS-1300 United States Intelsat Television and radio broadcasting North America 21 May 2008, Zenit-3SL Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite 2008-11-19
121.0° W Galaxy-23 FS-1300 United States Intelsat Direct Broadcasting North America 7 August 2003, Zenit-3SL Hybrid C/Ku/Ka-band satellite; C band payload referred to as Galaxy-23 2008-11-26
EchoStar-9 FS-1300 United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting North America 7 August 2003, Zenit-3SL Hybrid C/Ku/Ka-band satellite; Ku/Ka-band payload referred to as EchoStar-9 2008-11-26
119.1° W DirecTV-7S LS-1300 United States DirecTV Direct Broadcasting 54 Ku-band transponders 4 May 2004, Zenit-3SL 8 active transponders at this time 2008-11-26
118.8° W EchoStar-7 Lockheed Martin A2100AX United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 32 Ku-band transponders 21 February 2002, Atlas IIIB 21 active transponders at this time 2008-11-26
118.7° W Anik F3 EADS Astrium Eurostar-3000S Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 24 C band transponders, 32 Ku-band transponders, 2 Ka-band transponders 11 April 2007, Proton Ku-Band leased to Echostar/Dish Network 2008-11-26
116.8° W SatMex 5 Hughes HS-601HP Mexico Satmex 24 C-band transponders, 24 Ku-band transponders 5 December 1998, Ariane 42L 2008-11-26
116.1° West SIRIUS-FM-6 2015-08-19
115.2° West XM-Blues United States 30 October 2006, Zenit-3SL
115° West Solidaridad-2 Mexico Satmex 8 October 1994, Ariane 44L
115.1° West ViaSat-1 LS-1300 United States ViaSat 19 October 2011, Proton-M 56 Ka-band Transponders 2015-08-19
115° West EUTELSAT 115 West A 2015-08-19
114.8° W MEXSAT-3 2015-08-19
113° W Satmex 6 Mexico Satmex 27 May 2006, Ariane 5 ECA
113.0° W Eutelsat 113 West A 2015-08-19
111.2° W WILDBLUE-1 United States ViaSat 2015-08-19
111.1° W Anik F2 Boeing 702 Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 17 July 2004, Ariane 5G Hybrid C-band / Ku-band / Ka-band satellite
111° West TerreStar-1 2015-08-19
110° West EchoStar-11 LS-1300 United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 17 July 2008, Zenit-3SL 2008-11-19
EchoStar-10 A2100AXS United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 15 February 2006, Zenit-3SL
DirecTV-5 LS-1300 United States DirecTV Direct Broadcasting 7 May 2002, Proton 32 Ku-band transponders
108° West GOES 3 2015-08-19
107.3°W Anik F1 Boeing 702 Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 21 November 2000, Ariane 44L Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite; will be replaced by Anik F1R
Anik F1R Eurostar-3000 Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting, WAAS PRN #138 8 September 2005, Proton Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite; will replace Anik F1
105° W SES-11 / EchoStar 105 Airbus Defence and Space
Eurostar-3000
Luxembourg SES Direct broadcasting, VSAT Hawaii, North America, Latin America, Caribbean 11 October 2017
Falcon 9 Full Thrust
Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
AMC-15 Lockheed Martin
A2100AXS
United States SES Direct Broadcasting Canada, United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Mexico 14 October 2004
Proton-M / Briz-M
Hybrid Ku-/Ka-band satellite. Twin of AMC-16
104.6° W GOES-14 United States 2015-08-19
103.0° W SES-3 GEOStar-2.4 United States SES S.A. Direct Broadcasting North America 15 July 2011, Proton-M / Briz-M Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
102.9° W SPACEWAY-1 Boeing 702 United States DirecTV Direct Broadcasting 26 April 2005, Zenit-3SL
102.8° W DIRECTV-10 United States 2015-08-19
102.8° W DIRECTV-12 United States 2015-08-19
101.3° W SkyTerra-1 Boeing 702 United States Ligado Networks Telecommunications United States 14 November 2010, Proton-M
101.2°W DirecTV-4S HS-601 United States DirecTV Direct Broadcasting 27 November 2001, Ariane 44LP 48 Ku-band transponders
101.1° W DirecTV-9S LS-1300 United States DirecTV Direct Broadcasting 13 October 2006, Ariane 5 ECA
101° West SES-1 GEOStar-2.4 US SES S.A. Direct Broadcasting Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean, Central America 24 April 2010, Proton-M / Briz-M Hybrid C-band / Ku-band satellite
100.8° W DirecTV-8 LS-1300 United States DirecTV Direct Broadcasting 22 May 2005, Proton Hybrid Ku/Ka-band satellite
99.2° W DIRECTV-14 United States 2015-08-19
99.2° W DIRECTV-11 United States 2015-08-19
99.1° W SPACEWAY-2 United States 16 November 2005, Ariane 5 ECA
97° W Galaxy-16 FS-1300 Intelsat 18 June 2006, Zenit-3SL
98° W Inmarsat-4 F3[7] UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications Canada, Caribbean, CONUS, Mexico 11 March 2005, Atlas V 431 2014-04-2
97.0° W Galaxy-19 FS-1300 United States Intelsat Television and Radio Broadcasting 24 C- and 28 Ku-band transponders (North America) 24 September 2008, Zenit-3SL 2008-11-20
96.0° W SIRIUS-FM-5 2015-08-19
95.2° W DIRECTV-15 United States 2015-08-19
95.0° W Galaxy 3C United States 15 June 2002, Zenit-3SL
95.0° W INTELSAT-30 2015-08-19
93.0° W Galaxy-26 FS-1300 United States 15 February 1999, Proton-K
94.9° W SPACEWAY-3 United States 2015-08-19
93.1° W GALAXY-25 United States 2015-08-19
91.1° W Nimiq 1 A2100AX Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 20 May 1999, Proton 32 Ku-band transponders
91.0° W Galaxy 17 Spacebus 3000 B3 United States Intelsat Television and radio broadcasting North America 4 May 2007, Ariane 5 ECA Hybrid C-/Ku-band satellite 2008-06-13
89.0° W Galaxy-28 FS-1300 United States Intelsat The Americas 23 June 2005, Zenit-3SL Hybrid C/Ku/Ka-band satellite; launched as Telstar 8
87.2° W TKSAT-1 2015-08-19
87.0° W SES-2 GEOStar-2.4 US SES Direct Broadcasting North America, Latin America, Caribbean 21 September 2011, Ariane 5 ECA Hybrid C-/Ku-band satellite
86.5° W Astra 3A HS-376HP Luxembourg SES Comsat 29 March 2002
Ariane 44L
Not in regular use
85.2° W XM-5 United States 2015-08-19
85.1° W XM-Rhythm Boeing 702 United States XM Satellite Radio Holdings Radio Broadcasting CONUS 28 February 2005, Zenit-3SL
85.0°W AMC-16 Lockheed Martin
A2100AXS
United States SES Direct Broadcasting Canada, United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Mexico 17 December 2004
Atlas V (V521)
Hybrid Ku-/Ka-band satellite. Twin (and originally ground spare) of AMC-15
84.0°W Brasilsat B3 Brazil 4 February 1998, Ariane 44LP
84.0°W Brasilsat B4 2015-08-19
83.8°W HISPASAT-1C 2015-08-19
83.0°W AMC-18 Lockheed Martin
LM-A2100A
United States SES Comsat Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean 8 December 2006
Ariane 5ECA (VA174)
C-band satellite. Formerly GE-18 (Originally ground spare for of AMC-10 and AMC-11)
82.0°W Nimiq 2 A2100AX Canada Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 29 December 2002, Proton Hybrid Ku/Ka-band satellite
Nimiq 3 HS-601 Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 9 June 1995, Ariane 42P Previously DirecTV-3 for DirecTV
82.0°W Nimiq-4 Eurostar-3000S Telesat Canada Direct Broadcasting 19 September 2008, Proton-M 2015-08-19
81W ARSAT-2 ARSAT-3K Argentina ARSAT Data, Internet and TV broadcasting. Ku Band: North America and South America except Brazil, C Band: Americas 30 September 2015, Ariane 5ECA 2015-10-10[8]
80.9°W SBS-6 HS-393 United States Intelsat Television and Radio Broadcasting 12 October 1990, Ariane 44L Beyond expected end of life. Serves Argentina now 2008-06-13
79.0°W Satcom C3 United States 10 September 1992, Ariane 44LP
78.8°W SKY MEXICO-1 2015-08-19
78.0°W VENESAT-1 2015-08-19
77.0°W EchoStar-4 A2100AX United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 8 May 1998, Proton Retired
EchoStar-8 FS-1300 United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 21 August 2002, Proton Deorbited 2008-11-19
QuetzSat 1 Space Systems/Loral
SSL-1300
Mexico QuetzSat (SES) Broadcasting United States, Mexico 29 September 2011
Proton-M / Briz-M
Ku-band satellite
77.1°W ECHOSTAR-1 United States 2015-08-19
76.9°W ECHOSTAR-8 United States 2015-08-19
76.8°W Galaxy 4R United States 19 April 2000, Ariane 42L Inclined orbit
76.2°W INTELSAT-16 2015-08-19
76.2°W GOES-13 United States 2015-08-19
75.0°W Brasilsat B1 Brazil 10 August 1994, Ariane 44LP
74.9°W Galaxy-9 United States 24 May 1996, Delta II (7925) spare
74.0°W Horizons-2 STAR Bus United States Intelsat JSAT Television and Radio Broadcasting CONUS Canada Caribbean 21 December 2007, Ariane 5GS 20 Ku Xpndrs 2008-06-13
73.3°W Astra 1D HS-601 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 1 November 1994
Ariane 42P
72.7°W EchoStar-6 FS-1300 United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 14 July 2000, Atlas II-AS 2008-11-19
72.5°W Directv-1R United States 10 October 1999, Zenit-3SL
72.0°W AMC-3 Lockheed Martin
A2100A
United States SES Television and Radio Broadcasting Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean 4 September 1997
Atlas IIAS
Formerly GE-3 (1997-2001)
71.8°W ARSAT-1 ARSAT-3K Argentina Direct Broadcasting Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay 16 Octobre 2014, Ariane 5ECA First geostationary satellite built in Latin America 2015-18-08
71.0°W Nahuel 1A Argentina 30 January 1997, Ariane 44L
70.0°W STAR ONE C2 2015-08-19
69.9°W STAR ONE C4 2015-08-19
67.0°W SES-10 Airbus Defence and Space
Eurostar-3000
Luxembourg SES Direct broadcasting, VSAT Central America, Caribbean, South America, Brazil 30 March 2017
Falcon 9 Full Thrust
Ku-band satellite
70.0°W Brasilsat B4 Brazil 17 August 2000, Ariane 44LP
65.0°W Brasilsat B2 Brazil 28 March 1995, Ariane 44LP+
65.0°W STAR ONE C1 2015-08-19
63.0°W Estrela do Sul 1 Brazil 11 January 2004, Zenit-3SL
63.0°W TELSTAR-14R United States 2015-08-19
62.8°W ABS-1A United States 2015-08-19
62.2°W TDRS-3 United States 2015-08-19
61.5°W ECHOSTAR-16 United States 2015-08-19
61.3°W EchoStar-12 A2100AXS United States 17 July 2003, Atlas V (521) Formerly Rainbow-1, purchased from VOOM
61.8°W EchoStar-3 A2100AX United States Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 5 October 1997, Atlas II-AS
61.0°W Hispasat Amazonas Spain Hispasat 4 August 2004, Proton-M
58.0°W Intelsat-9 HS-601HP United States 28 July 2000, Zenit-3SL formerly PAS-9
55.5°W Intelsat-805 Intelsat 18 June 1998, Atlas II-AS
54.0°W[7] Inmarsat-3 F4 UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications Atlantic Ocean Region 3 June 1997, Arianne 44L 2014-04-2
53.0°W Intelsat-707 Intelsat 14 March 1996, Ariane 4
50.0°W Intelsat-705 Intelsat 22 March 1995, Atlas II-AS
47.5°W SES-14 Airbus Defence and Space
Eurostar-3000EOR
Luxembourg SES Cable distribution, government and enterprise VSAT, aviation and maritime mobility, broadband Latin America, Caribbean, North America, Atlantic Ocean, West Africa 25 January 2018
Ariane 5 ECA
C-band satellite
Carries NASA's GOLD payload
45.0°W Intelsat 14 HS702 United States 16 November 2000, Ariane 5G formerly PAS-1R, and IS-1R
43.1°W Intelsat-3R HS-601 United States 12 January 1996, Ariane 44L formerly PAS-3R
43.0°W Intelsat-6B HS-601HP 22 December 1998, Ariane 42L formerly PAS-6B
40.5°W SES-6 EADS Astrium Eurostar-3000 Luxembourg SES Direct broadcasting, cable distribution, aviation North America, Latin America, Europe, Atlantic Ocean 3 June 2013
Proton-M / Briz-M
Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
37.5°W NSS-10 Alcatel Space
Spacebus 4000 C3
United States SES Television and Radio Broadcasting North America, South America, Europe, Africa 3 February 2005
Proton-M / Briz-M
Formerly Worldsat-2 (2005)
AMC-12 (2005-2009)
Telstar-11N LS-1300 United States Telstar Telecommunications, Video, Data Africa, Europe, Atlantic Ocean, North and Central America 26 February 2009 39 high-power Ku-band transponders
36°W Hispasat AG1 (H36W1) OHB SmallGEO Spain Hispasat 28 January 2017
34.5°W Intelsat-903 Intelsat 30 March 2002, Proton-K
31.5°W Intelsat-801 Intelsat 1 March 1997, Ariane 44P
31.4° West Galaxy-14 Orbital Sciences STAR-2 United States Intelsat 24 C Band transpondersNorth America 13 August 2005, Soyuz-FG/Fregat 2008-11-20
30.0°W Hispasat-1C Spain Hispasat 3 February 2000, Atlas II-AS
Hispasat-1D Spain Hispasat 18 September 2002, Atlas II-AS
Spainsat Spain Hisdesat, XTAR 11 Match 2006, Ariane 5
27.5°W Intelsat-907 Intelsat 15 February 2003, Ariane 44L
24.5°W Intelsat-905 Intelsat 5 June 2002, Ariane 44L
24.0°W Cosmos 2379 Russia Inclined orbit
22.0°W SES-4 Space Systems/Loral
SSL-1300
Netherlands SES Video distribution, government, VSAT, maritime services North America, South America, Europe, Middle East, West Africa 14 February 2012
Proton-M / Briz-M
Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
Originally named NSS-14
20.0°W NSS-7 Lockheed Martin
A2100AXS
Netherlands SES Video distribution, broadband Latin America, Africa 16 April 2002
Ariane 44L
Hybrid C/Ku-band satellite
20.0°W Intelsat-603 Intelsat 14 March 1990, Commercial Titan III Inclined orbit
18.0°W Intelsat-901 Intelsat 9 June 2001, Ariane 44L
15.5°W Inmarsat 3 F2 UK Inmarsat EGNOS PRN #120 6 September 1996, Proton-K
15.0°W Telstar 12 SSL United States 19 October 1999, Ariane 44LP
14.0°W Gorizont 32 Russia Inclined orbit
Express-A4 Russia
12.5°W Eutelsat 12 West A Europe Eutelsat 28 August 2002, Ariane 5G formerly Atlantic Bird 1 2012-03-01
11.0°W Express-A3 Russia 24 June 2000, Proton-K
8.0°W Eutelsat 8 West A Europe Eutelsat 25 September 2001, Ariane 44P formerly Atlantic Bird 2 2012-03-01
Telecom 2D France 8 August 1996, Ariane 44L Inclined orbit
7.0°W Nilesat 101 Egypt 28 April 1998, Ariane 44P
Nilesat 102 Egypt 17 August 2000, Ariane 44LP
Nilesat 103 Egypt 27 February 1998, Ariane 42P
Nilesat 201 Egypt 4 August 2010, Ariane 5
7.0°W Eutelsat 7 West A Europe Eutelsat 24 September 2011 formerly Atlantic Bird 7 2012-03-01
5.0°W Eutelsat 5 West A Europe Eutelsat 5 July 2002, Ariane 5 formerly Atlantic Bird 3 2012-03-01
4.0°W AMOS 1 Israel 16 May 1996, Ariane 44L
AMOS 2 Israel 27 December 2003, Soyuz-FG/Fregat
3.4°W Meteosat 8 28 August 2002, Ariane 5G
1.0°W Intelsat 10-02 Intelsat 16 June 2004, Proton-M
0.8°W Thor 2 Norway 20 May 1997, Delta II
Thor 3 Norway 10 June 1998, Delta II (7925-9.5)

Eastern Hemisphere[edit]

Location Satellite Satellite
bus
Source Operator Type Coverage Launch date/vehicle (UTC) Remarks As of
0.5°E Meteosat 7 Europe ESA Weather satellite 2 September 1997, Ariane 44LP Inclined orbit
1.9°E BulgariaSat-1[9][circular reference] Bulgaria Bulgaria Sat Communications 52 Ku band covering Balkans
48 Ku band covering Europe and Middle East[10]
23 June 2017, Falcon 9 FT
3.0°E Telecom 2A Europe 16 December 1991, Ariane 44L
4.0°E Eurobird 4 Europe Eutelsat 2 September 1997, Ariane 44LP
4.8°E Astra 4A A2100AX Sweden SES Comsat Europe and Africa 18 November 2007
Proton-M
Originally named Sirius 4
SES-5 LS-1300 Sweden SES Comsat Europe and Africa 10 July 2012
Proton-M
Originally named Sirius 5, then Astra 4B
6.0°E Skynet 4F United Kingdom Ministry of Defence Military communications 7 February 2001, Ariane 44L Inclined orbit
7.0°E Eutelsat W3A Europe Eutelsat 15 March 2004, Proton-M
9.0°E Eurobird 9 Europe Eutelsat 21 November 1996, Atlas II-A formerly Hot Bird 2
9.5°E Meteosat 6 Europe ESA Weather satellite 20 November 1993, Ariane 44LP Inclined orbit
10.0°E Eutelsat W1 Europe Eutelsat 6 September 2000, Ariane 44P
12.5°E Raduga 29 Russia Inclined orbit
13.0°E Hot Bird 6 Europe Eutelsat 21 August 2002, Atlas V-401
Hot Bird 7A Europe Eutelsat 11 March 2006, Ariane 5 ECA
Hot Bird 8 Europe Eutelsat 4 August 2006, Proton
16.0°E Eutelsat W2 Europe Eutelsat 5 October 1998, Ariane 44L
19.2°E Astra 1G HS-601HP Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 12 November 1997, Proton-K Not in regular use
Astra 1KR A2100 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 20 April 2006, Atlas V (411)
Astra 1L A2100 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 4 May 2007, Ariane 5 ECA
Astra 1M Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 6 November 2008, Proton-M
Astra 1N Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 6 August 2011, Ariane 5 ECA
Astra 2B Eurostar E2000+ Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 14 September 2000, Ariane 5G Not in regular use
20.0°E Arabsat 2A 9 July 1996, Ariane 44L Inclined orbit
21.0°E LuxGovSat/SES-16 Orbital ATK
GEOStar-3
Luxembourg SES Military, government Europe, Middle East, Africa 31 January 2018
Falcon 9 Full Thrust
Hybrid Ka/X-band satellite
SES/Luxembourg government joint venture
21.0°E AfriStar US 28 October 1998, Ariane 44L
21.5°E Eutelsat W6 Europe Eutelsat
Artemis Europe ESA EGNOS PRN #124 12 July 2001, Ariane 5G Inclined orbit.
23.5°E Astra 2C HS-601HP Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 16 June 2001
Proton-K
Not in regular use
Astra 3B Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 21 May 2010
Ariane 5 ECA
25.0°E Inmarsat 3 F5 UK Inmarsat EGNOS PRN #126 4 February 1998, Ariane 44LP
25.0°E[7] Inmarsat-4 F2 UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications EAME 11 June 2005, Zenit 3 SL 2014-04-2
25.0°E[7] Inmarsat-4A F4 UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications EAME 25 July 2013, Arianne 5ECA 2014-04-2
25.5°E Eurobird 2 Europe Eutelsat
25.8°E Badr 2
26.0°E Badr 3
26.2°E Badr C
28.2°E Astra 2A HS-601HP Luxembourg SES Comsat UK and Europe 30 September 2013
Proton Breeze M
Astra 2E Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat UK and Europe 30 August 1998
Proton
Not in regular use
Astra 2F Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat UK and Europe 28 September 2012
Ariane 5 ECA
Astra 2G Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat UK and Europe 27 December 2014
Proton Breeze M
29.0°E XTAR-EUR Spain Hisdesat, XTAR 12 February 2005, Ariane-5 ECA
30.5°E Arabsat 2B Arabsat 13 November 1996, Ariane 44L
31.5°E Astra 5B Eurostar E3000 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 22 March 2014
Ariane 5 ECA
33.0°E Eurobird 3 Europe Eutelsat 27 September 2003, Ariane 5G
Intelsat 802 LM-3000 ITSO 25 June 1997, Ariane 44P
36.0°E Eutelsat Sesat 1 Europe Eutelsat 17 April 2000, Proton-K
Eutelsat W4 Europe Eutelsat 24 May 2000, Atlas IIIA
38.0°E Paksat-1R Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission 11 Aug 2011, Long March 3B
39.0°E Hellas Sat 2 Greece 13 May 2003, Atlas V (401)
40.0°E Express AM1 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik) 29 October 2004, Proton-M
42.0°E Turksat 1C Turkey Turksat Comsat 16 Ku band 9 July 1996, Ariane 44L
Turksat 2A Turkey Turksat Comsat 34 Ku band 10 January 2001, Ariane 44P
45.0°E Intelsat 12 Europe ESA
46.0°E Azerspace-1/ Africasat-1a Orbital STAR-2.4 Azerbaijan Azercosmos[11] Broadcast and Telecommunications Satellite C-band: Africa, Central Asia, the Middle East and Europe, Ku-band: Central Asia and Europe 7 February 2013, Ariane 5 ECA 2014-09-11
49.0°E Yamal 202 Russia Gazprom Space Systems (subsidiary of Gazprom) 24 November 2003, Proton-K
50.5° E NSS-5 Lockheed Martin AS-7000 Netherlands SES Comsat Americas, Africa, Europe, Atlantic Ocean 23 September 1997
Ariane-42L
Hybrid C-band/Ku-band satellite
Formerly Intelsat 803 (1997-1998), NSS-803 (1998-2005)
52.0° E MonacoSAT / TürkmenÄlem 52°E Thales Alenia Space
Spacebus 4000C2
Monaco, Turkmenistan SSI-Monaco, Turkmenistan National Space Agency Broadcasting and data services Central Asia, Middle East, North Africa, Europe 27 April 2015
Falcon 9 v1.1
Ku-band satellite
TürkmenÄlem payload formerly called TurkmenSat 1
52.5°E Yahsat 1A EADS Astrium
Eurostar-3000]
Europe Al Yah Satellite Communications Direct broadcasting Middle East, North Africa, Southwest Asia, Europe 22 April 2011
Ariane 5ECA (VA201)
Hybrid C-band/Ku-band/Ka-band satellite
53.0°E Express AM22 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik)/Eutelsat 28 December 2003, Proton-K
56.0°E Bonum 1 Russia 22 November 1998, Delta II (7925-9.5)
57.0° E NSS-12 Space Systems/Loral
SSL-1300
Netherlands SES Comsat Indian Ocean Region 29 October 2009
Ariane 5 ECA
Formerly GE 1A (2000), AAP 1 (2000-2004, 2005-2007), Worldsat 1 (2004-2005)
Astra 2D HS-376HP Luxembourg SES Comsat 20 December 2000, Ariane 5G Not in regular use
62.6°E[7] Inmarsat-5 F1 UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications EAME 8 December 2013, Proton M/Briz-M 2014-04-2
64.5°E[7] Inmarsat-3 F1 UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications Indian Ocean Region 3 April 1996, Atlas IIA| 2014-04-2
66°W[12] Galaxy-27 FS-1300 US Intelsat Television broadcasting & Satellite Internet Access 25 September 1999, Ariane 44LP Inclined, collocated 2016-04-05
66°W Intelsat 17 Intelsat November 26, 2010 Replaces Intelsat 702 2016-04-15
68.5°E Intelsat 7 FS-1300 Europe ESA 16 September 1998, Ariane 44LP
Intelsat 10 HS-601HP US 15 May 2001, Proton-K
74.0°E INSAT-3C India ISRO 23 January 2002, Ariane 42L
KALPANA-1 India ISRO Weather satellite N/A 12 September 2002, PSLV Originally MetSat-1. Renamed in 2003 in memory of Kalpana Chawla, an astronaut killed in the Columbia accident 2007-10-27
EDUSAT India ISRO Educational communication satellite 6 Ka band and 6 C-band transmitters, covering India 20 September 2004, GSLV Also known as GSAT-3 2007-10-27
INSAT-4CR India ISRO DTH, VPT and DSNG communication 12 Ku band covering India 2 September 2007, GSLV 2007-10-27
GSAT-18 I-3K India ISRO Comsat 24 C-band transponders, 12 upper extended C-band transponders, 12 Ku-band transponders, 2 Ku-Beacon transmitters[13] 5 October 2015, Ariane 5 ECA[14] Launched with Australian NBN-Co 1B
75.0°E ABS 1 Lockheed Martin Intersputnik 26 September 1999, Proton-K
79.0°E Esiafi 1 HS-351 Tongasat Comsat 21 February 1981, Atlas-Centaur Originally Comstar-4 for LMGT. Ranamed Parallax-1 in 2001 and operated by SSC Parallax. Purchased by Tongasat and renamed Esiafi-1 in 2002 2007-11-10
80.0°E Express AM2 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik) 29 March 2005, Proton-K
90.0°E Yamal 101 Russia Gazprom Space Systems (subsidiary of Gazprom) 6 September 1999, Proton-K
Yamal 201 Russia Gazprom Space Systems (subsidiary of Gazprom) 24 November 2003, Proton-K
91.5°E MEASAT-3 Boeing 601 HP Malaysia MEASAT Satellite Systems Broadcast and Telecommunications C-band: Asia, Australia, Middle East, South Eastern Europe and Eastern Africa
Ku-band: Malaysia, Indonesia and South Asia
11 December 2006, Proton-M 2013-10-08
MEASAT-3a Orbital STAR-2.3 Malaysia MEASAT Satellite Systems Broadcast and Telecommunications C-band: Asia, Australia, Middle East and Eastern Africa
Ku-band: Malaysia, Indonesia
June 2009, Land Launch Zenit - 3SLB 2013-10-08
92.2° ChinaSat 9 Alcatel SB4000 China China Satcom Broadcast and Telecommunications China 9 June 2008, Long March 3B
95.0°E SES-8 Orbital Sciences Corporation
STAR-2.4
Luxembourg SES Direct broadcasting, government, VSAT South Asia, India, Indo-China, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos 3 December 2013
Falcon 9 v1.1
Ku-band satellite
SES-12 Airbus Defence and Space
Eurostar-3000
Luxembourg SES Direct broadcasting, VSAT, mobility, data South Asia, Asia-Pacific 4 June 2018
Falcon 9 Full Thrust
Ku-band satellite
96.0°E Express AM33 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik) 28 January 2008, Arianespace
105.0°E AsiaStar US CMMB Vision (formerly 1worldspace) Television, radio, data Southeast and South Asia 21 March 2000, Proton-M
108.2°E SES-7 Boeing Satellite Systems
BSS-601HP
United States SES Direct broadcasting, VSAT Indonesia, India, Taiwan, Philippines, Southeast Asia 16 May 2009
Proton-M / Briz-M
Previously named Galaxy-8iR, ProtoStar-2/IndoStar-2
Hybrid Ku/S/X-band satellite
SES-9 Boeing Satellite Systems
BSS-702HP
Luxembourg SES Direct broadcasting, maritime Northeast Asia, South Asia, Indonesia, Indian Ocean 4 March 2016
Falcon 9 Full Thrust
Ku-band satellite
119.1°E Bangabandhu-1 Bangladesh Bangladesh Communication Satellite Company Limited Communication and Broadcasting Southeast and South Asia 11 May 2018, Falcon 9 Block 5[15]
119.5°E MEASAT-5 Loral FS-1300 SX Malaysia MEASAT Satellite Systems Comsat Malaysia August 2005, Ariane 5G 2013-10-08
140.0°E NBN-Co 1A SSL 1300 Australia NBN Co Comsat 101 Ka spot beams covering mainland Australia and some offshore territories[16] 30 September 2015, Ariane 5 ECA[14] Launched with Argentine ARSAT-2[14] 2016-04-01
Express AM3 Russia Russian Satellite Communications Company (Intersputnik) 24 June 2005, Proton-K
145.0°E NBN-Co 1B SSL 1300 Australia NBN Co Comsat 101 Ka spot beams covering mainland Australia and some offshore territories[16] 5 October 2015, Ariane 5 ECA[14] Launched with Indian GSAT-18 2016-04-01
146.0°E Agila 2 Philippines Space Systems/Loral Comsat, TV and Radio Broadcasting Southeast Asia 19 August 1997, Long March 3B
148.0°E MEASAT-2 Boeing 376 HP Malaysia MEASAT Satellite Systems Broadcast & Telecommunications C-band: Asia Pacific and Hawaii
Ku-band: West Malaysia/Indonesia (Sumatra & Java), Taiwan, Eastern Australia, Vietnam and the Philippines (switchable)
13 November 1996, Ariane 44L inclined orbit 2013-10-08
152.0°E Optus B3 HS-601 Australia Optus / Commonwealth Bank Comsat 27 August 1994, Long March 2E 2007-10-28
Optus D2 STAR-2 Australia Optus Comsat 5 October 2007, Ariane 5GS 2007-10-28
166.0°E Intelsat 8 FS-1300 US 4 November 1998, Proton-K
176.0° E NSS-11 Lockheed Martin
A2100AXS
United States SES Broadcast and Telecommunications China, Northeast Asia, South Asia, Philippines 1 October 2000
Proton-K / DM3
Formerly GE 1A (2000), AAP 1 (2000-2004, 2005-2007), Worldsat 1 (2004-2005)
178.0°E[7] Inmarsat-3 F3 UK Inmarsat Maritime and Aviation Communications Pacific Ocean Region 18 December 1996, Atlas IIA 2014-04-2

In transit[edit]

En route to Satellite Satellite
bus
Source Operator Type Coverage Launch date/rocket (GMT) Previous locations Remarks As of
65.0°W Star One C1 Spacebus 3000 B3 Brazil Star One Broadcast comsat 28 C-band
14 Ku band
1 X-band, covering South America
14 November 2007, Ariane 5 ECA 2007-11-14
53.0°E Skynet 5B E3000 UK Ministry of Defence/Paradigm Military comsat 14 November 2007, Ariane 5ECA 2007-11-14
5.0°E Sirius 4 A2100AX Sweden SES Sirius Comsat 52 Ku-band covering Europe
2 Ka-band covering Scandinavia
17 November 2007, Proton-M 2007-11-18
93.1°W Galaxy-25 FS-1300 United States 24 May 1997, Proton-K formerly Telstar 5 2008-11-20
105.0°W Galaxy-15 Orbital Sciences Corporation Star-2 United States Intelsat Television/Radio Broadcasting, WAAS PRN #135 13 October 2005, Ariane 5G 133.0°W drifting to libration point since loss of stationkeeping on April 5, 2010

Historical[edit]

Date of disposal Satellite Satellite
bus
Source Operator Type Coverage Launch date/rocket (UTC) Locations Remarks As of
1986-11-16 Kosmos 1546 Blok D USSR VKS Early warning Continental USA 29 March 1984, Proton-K 24° W Deactivated 2002[17]
2006-10-01
20:37 GMT
Thaicom 3 Spacebus 3000 A Thailand Shin Satellite Comsat Middle East and South Asia 16 April 1997, Ariane 44LP 78.5°E Retired after power system failure 2008-01-01[18]
2008-11-09[19] NigComSat-1 DFH-4 Nigeria NASRDA Communication satellite 4 C-band, 14 Ku band & 2 L-band covering Africa. 8 Ka band covering Africa and Italy 13 May 2007, Long March 3B 42.5°E (2007–2008) Power system failure[19] 2008-11-19
2008-07-14 EchoStar-2 AS-7000 US Echostar/DISH Network Direct Broadcasting 11 September 1996, Ariane 4 119°W (1996–1999), 148.0°W (1999–2008) Failed in orbit 2008-07-14, slowly drifting east 2008-11-19
1994? DFS Kopernikus 1 Germany Deutsche Bundespost / Deutsche Telekom AG Television and Radio Broadcasting 1989? 23.5°E, later 33.5°E No longer in use
2000? DFS Kopernikus 2 Germany Deutsche Bundespost / Deutsche Telekom AG Television and Radio Broadcasting 1990? 28.5°E No longer in use
2002? DFS Kopernikus 3 Germany Deutsche Bundespost / Deutsche Telekom AG Television and Radio Broadcasting 1992? 23.5°E No longer in use
December 2004 Astra 1A GE-4000 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 11 December 1988
Ariane 44LP
19.2°E, 5.2°E Graveyard orbit
July 2006 Astra 1B GE-4000 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 2 March 1991
Ariane 44LP
19.2°E Originally built as Satcom K3. In graveyard orbit
2012 ? AMC-2 Lockheed Martin
A2100A
United States SES Television and Radio Broadcasting North America 30 January 1997
Ariane 44L (V93)
81°W, 81°W Formerly GE-2 (1997-2001). Drifting west 2.9°/day
17 May 2014 AMC-5 Aérospatiale
Spacebus 2000
United States SES Comsat United States, Canada, Mexico 28 October 1998
Ariane 44L (V113)
79°W Formerly GE-5, Nahuel-1B
In graveyard orbit
October 2014 NSS-703 Space Systems/Loral
SSL-1300
Netherlands SES Comsat Americas, Africa, Europe, Atlantic Ocean 6 October 1994
Atlas IIAS
29.5°E, 47°W Originally Intelsat 703
Drifting west
Active AMC-7 Lockheed Martin
A2100A
United States SES Comsat United States, Caribbean, Mexico 14 September 2000
Ariane 5G (V130)
137° W, 135° W Formerly GE-7, Drifting west 4.1°/day
2015 Sirius 3 HS-376HP Sweden SES Comsat Europe 5 October 1998
Ariane 44L
28.2°E, 4.8°E, 51.2°E Drifting west
February 2015 Astra 1C HS-601 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 12 May 1993
Ariane 42L
19.2°E, 5°E, 72°W, 1.2°W, 40°W Drifting west
June 2015 Astra 1E HS-601 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 19 October 1995
Ariane 42L
19.2°E, 23.5°E, 5°E, 108.2°E, 31.5°E Drifting west
July 2017 AMC-9 Spacebus 3000B3 United States SES Direct Broadcasting Canada, Caribbean, Central America, CONUS, Mexico 7 June 2003
Proton
83° W Formerly GE-12. In graveyard orbit
2018 ? NSS-806 Lockheed Martin AS-7000 Netherlands SES Comsat Americas, Europe 28 February 1998
Atlas IIAS
40.5°W, 47.5°W Originally Intelsat 806
Drifting west
February 2019 AMC-10 Lockheed Martin
A2100A
United States SES Direct Broadcasting Canada, United States, Mexico, Caribbean 5 February 2004
Atlas IIAS (AC-165)
135° W Formerly GE-10. In graveyard orbit
October 2019 Astra 1H HS-601HP Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 18 June 1999
Proton-K
19.2°E, 52.2°E, 67°W, 47.5°W, 55.2°E, 43.5°E, 81°W Drifting west
November 2020 Astra 1F HS-601 Luxembourg SES Comsat Europe 8 April 1996
Proton-K
19.2°E, 51°E, 55°E, 45.5°E Drifting west

References[edit]

  1. ^ C. D. Brown (1998), Spacecraft Mission Design, 2nd Edition, AIAA Education Series, p. 81
  2. ^ "Ariane 5 User's Manual Issue 5 Revision 1" (PDF). arianespace. July 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
  3. ^ "What is orbit?". NASA. 25 October 2001. Retrieved 10 March 2013. Satellites that seem to be attached to some location on Earth are in Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO)... Satellites headed for GEO first go to an elliptical orbit with an apogee about 23,000 miles. Firing the rocket engines at apogee then makes the orbit round. Geosynchronous orbits are also called geostationary. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ "YAMAL 300K". N2YO.com. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d "NOAA Satellite Information System (NOAASIS)". NOAA. Archived from the original on 25 August 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2017. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  6. ^ "GALAXY 12". N2YO.com. 5 April 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g wikipedia list of Inmarsat satellites
  8. ^ "El ARSAT-2 llegó a órbita geoestacionaria" [The ARSAT-2 has reached the geostationary orbit] (in Spanish). ARSAT S.A. 10 October 2015. Retrieved 10 October 2015.
  9. ^ BulgariaSat-1
  10. ^ "Satellite Coverage Maps – Bulgariasat". Archived from the original on 3 December 2018. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  11. ^ "Azerspace/Africasat-1a is prepared for Arianespace's first Ariane 5 launch in 2013".
  12. ^ "GALAXY 27 (TELSTAR 7) Satellite details 1999-052A NORAD 25922". N2YO. 5 April 2016.
  13. ^ "GSat 18". space.skyrocket.de. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  14. ^ a b c d "NBN-Co 1A, 1B (Sky Muster 1, 2)". space.skyrocket.de. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  15. ^ Amos, Jonathan (11 May 2018). "SpaceX flies 'lessons learned' rocket". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  16. ^ a b "NBN-Co 1A – Ariane 5 VA226 – Spaceflight101". spaceflight101.com. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  17. ^ Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10 (1): 21–60. Bibcode:2002S&GS...10...21P. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.692.6127. doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. S2CID 122901563. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 March 2012.
  18. ^ Sat ND | Failures – Thaicom 3
  19. ^ a b Hallah, Tashikalmah; Okeke, Francis; Muhammad, Hamisu (19 November 2008). "Nigeria: Nigcomsat-1 is Lost, MD Says". allAfrica. Retrieved 19 November 2008.

External links[edit]