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List of school massacres by death toll

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This list of school massacres by death toll contains those cases that occurred at kindergartens, schools and universities, as well as their affiliated buildings. If the perpetrator was a member of the school staff and the victims primarily his colleagues the case is not included here but added to the list of workplace killings. School massacres are counted as incidents involving at least two deaths, excluding the potential death of the perpetrator.

All abbreviations used in the table are explained below.

List of school massacres[edit]

Abbreviations and footnotes[edit]

The W-column gives a basic description of the weapons used in the murders.

F – Firearms and other ranged weapons, especially rifles and handguns, but also bows and crossbows, grenade launchers, flamethrowers, or slingshots
M – Melee weapons, like knives, swords, spears, machetes, axes, clubs, rods, rocks, or bare hands
O – Any other weapons, such as bombs, hand grenades, Molotov cocktails, poison and poisonous gas, as well as vehicle and arson attacks
A – indicates that an arson attack was the only other weapon used
V – indicates that a vehicle was the only other weapon used
E – indicates that explosives of any sort were the only other weapon used
P – indicates that an anaesthetising or deadly substance of any kind was the only other weapon used (includes poisonous gas)
# Name Date Year Location Country Killed Injured W Perpetrator Fate of perpetrator(s) Ref.
1. Beslan school siege Sep 1 2004 Beslan, North Ossetia-Alania Russia Russia
334
783
FME Islamic terrorists (Riyad-us Saliheen Brigade of Martyrs) Most killed by special forces, one captured and subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment
2. Walisongo school massacre May 28 2000 Central Sulawesi Indonesia Indonesia
165–191
?
FM Executed [1]
3. Eastern University massacre Sep 5 1990 Chenkalady Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
158
?
F Unknown
4. Peshawar massacre Dec 16 2014 Peshawar Pakistan Pakistan
149
114
FME Killed by special forces
5. Garissa University College attack Apr 2 2015 Garissa Kenya Kenya
148
79
F 4 killed and 5 arrested
5. Kyanguli Fire Tragedy Mar 24 2001 Machakos County Kenya Kenya
67
?
A Arrested
6. Bath School disaster May 18 1927 Bath Township, MI United States United States
44
58
FE Andrew Kehoe, 55[2] Suicide
7. Thammasat University massacre Oct 6 1976 Sanam Luang Thailand Thailand
46-100+
167
F None
8. Virginia Tech shooting April 16 2007 Blacksburg, VA United States United States
32
17
F Seung-Hui Cho, 23 (조승희) Suicide
9. Ma'alot massacre May 15 1974 Ma'alot Israel Israel
31
70
FM Killed by police
10. Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting Dec 14 2012 Newtown, CT United States United States
27
2
F Adam Lanza, 20[3] Suicide
11. Bacha Khan University Attack Jan 20 2016 Charsadda PakistanPakistan 22+ ? FE None [4]
12. 2004 Dhemaji school bombing Aug 15 2004 Assam IndiaIndia 18 40 E None
13. University of Texas tower shooting Aug 1 1966 Austin, TX United States United States
17
31
FM Charles Whitman, 25[5] Killed by police
14. Dunblane massacre March 13 1996 Dunblane United Kingdom United Kingdom
17
15
F Thomas Hamilton, 43 Suicide
15. Stoneman Douglas High School shooting Feb 14 2018 Parkland, FL United States United States
17
17
F  Nikolas Cruz, 19 Arrested
16. Erfurt school massacre April 26 2002 Erfurt Germany Germany
16
1
F Robert Steinhäuser, 19 Suicide
17. Columbine High School massacre April 20 1999 Columbine, CO United States United States
13
24
F M E Eric Harris, 18 Dylan Klebold, 17 Both died by suicide
18 Winnenden school shooting March 11 2009 Winnenden and Wendlingen Germany Germany
15
9
F Tim Kretschmer, 17 Suicide
19. École Polytechnique massacre Dec 6 1989 Montreal, QC Canada Canada
14
14
FM Marc Lépine, 25 Suicide
20 Janaúba massacre Oct. 5 2017 Janaúba Brazil Brazil
13
37
 A Perished in the flames
18. Chlef school attack Oct. 15 2002 Chlef Province Algeria Algeria
13
1
F None [6]
19. Azerbaijan State Oil Academy shooting April 30 2009 Baku Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
12
13
F Farda Gadirov, 28 Suicide [7]
20. Rio de Janeiro school shooting April 7 2011 Rio de Janeiro Brazil Brazil
12
12
F Wellington Oliveira, 23 Suicide
21. Shiguan kindergarten attack May 8 2006 Shiguan China China
12
5
 MA Bai Ningyang, 18 (白宁阳) Death penalty
22. Cologne school massacre June 11 1964 Volkhoven Germany West Germany
10
22
FM Walter Seifert, 42 Suicide
23. Enoch Brown school massacre July 26 1764 Pennsylvania United States United States
10
2
FM
24. Santa Fe High School shooting May 18 2018 Texas United States United States
10
13
F Dimitrios Pagourtzis, 17 Arrested
25. Kauhajoki school shooting Sep 23 2008 Kauhajoki Finland Finland
10
1
F A Matti Saari, 22 Suicide
26. Shengshui kindergarten attack May 12 2010 Linchang China China
9
11
 M Wu Huanming, 47 (吴焕明) Suicide [8]
27. Umpqua Community College shooting Oct 1 2015 Roseburg, OR United States United States
9
9
F Christopher Harper-Mercer , 26 Suicide [9]
28. Red Lake massacre March 21 2005 Red Lake, MN United States United States
9
5
F Jeffrey Weise, 16[10] Suicide
29. Ruzhou school massacre Nov 26 2004 Ruzhou China China
9
3
 M Yan Yanming, 21

(闫彦明)

Death penalty [11]
30. Osaka school massacre June 8 2001 Ikeda, Osaka Japan Japan
8
15
 M Mamoru Takuma, 37 (宅間 守) Death penalty
31. Mercaz HaRav massacre March 6 2008 Jerusalem Israel Israel
8
9–11
F Alaa Abu Dhein, 26

(علاء هاشم أبو دهيم)

Killed by police
32. Nanping school massacre March 23 2010 Nanping China China
8
5
 M Zheng Minsheng, 41 (郑明生) Death penalty [12]
33. Jokela school shooting Nov 7 2007 Jokela Finland Finland
8
1
F A Pekka-Eric Auvinen, 18 Suicide
34. Feb. 11 1958 Lyamino Soviet Union Soviet Union
7
6
F Michael Tselousov, 24

(Целоусов, Михаил)

Sentenced to death and executed [13]
35. Burma school massacre March 26 1975 Kachin Myanmar Burma
7
5
 M U Win-maung Killed by police [14]
36. Zhuping school massacre April 1 1996 Meitian China China
7
5
 M Wang Xiangjun Arrested [15]
37. Oikos University shooting April 2 2012 Oakland, CA United States United States
7
3
F One Goh, 43 Life imprisonment
38. Anne Anne Kindergarten stabbing June 3 1982 Sham Shui Po Hong Kong Hong Kong
6
37
 M Lee Chi Hang, 28[16] (李志衡) Sent to psychiatric hospital
39. Isla Vista killings May 23 2014 Isla Vista, CA United States United States
6
14
FMV Elliot Rodger, 22 Suicide
40. Sana'a school shooting March 30 1997 Sanaa Yemen Yemen
6
12
F Mohammed Ahmad Misleh al-Nazari, 48 Death penalty [17]
41. Durvenitsa school massacre Dec 24 1974 Durvenitsa Bulgaria Bulgaria
6
10
F Donchev, Branimir, 17 Arrested [18]
42. May 19 1977 Leningrad Soviet Union Soviet Union
6
2
F Anatoly Fedorenko

(Федоренко, Анатолий)

Sentenced to death and executed [19]
43. Kamyshin school massacre March 9 1997 Kamyshin Russia Russia
6
2
F Sergei Lepnev, 18

(Лепнев, Сергей)

Life imprisonment [20]
44. Stockton schoolyard shooting Jan 17 1989 Stockton, CA United States United States
5
32
F A Patrick Purdy, 24 Suicide
45. March 7 2002 Atzmona Gaza Strip Gaza Strip
5
23
F E Mohammed Fathi Farhat, 17

(محمد فتحي فرحات)

Killed by soldiers [21]
45. Poe Elementary School bombing Sep 15 1959 Houston, TX United States United States
5
19
 E Paul Harold Orgeron, 49 Killed by the explosion [22]
46. Northern Illinois University shooting Feb 14 2008 DeKalb, IL United States United States
5
17
F Steven Kazmierczak, 27 Suicide
47. Eppstein school shooting June 3 1983 Eppstein Germany West Germany
5
14
F Karel Charva, 34 Suicide [23]
48. Westside Middle School massacre March 24 1998 Jonesboro, AR United States United States
5
10
F Andrew Golden, 11 Mitchell Johnson, 13 Both imprisoned until their 21st birthday
49. West Nickel Mines School shooting Oct 2 2006 Nickel Mines, PA United States United States
5
5
F Charles Roberts, 32 Suicide
50. Huaiji school massacre Nov 26 2002 Huaiji China China
5
2
 M Shi Ruoqiu, 30

(施若丘")

Arrested [24]
51. Mesa school massacre Nov 12 1966 Mesa, AZ United States United States
5
2
F Robert Smith, 18 Life imprisonment [25]
52. 2013 Santa Monica shooting June 7 2013 Santa Monica, CA United States United States
5
2
F A John Zawahri, 23 Killed by police
53. University of Iowa shooting Nov 1 1991 Iowa City, IA United States United States
5
1
F Gang Lu, 28

(卢刚)

Suicide
54. San Juan massacre Oct 10 1977 San Juan Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago
5
0
 M Arrested [26]
55. Maradi massacre Jan 10 1994 Maradi Niger Niger
5
0
 M Arrested [27]
56. Thurston High School shooting May 20/21 1998 Springfield, OR United States United States
4
25
F Kipland Kinkel, 15[28] Life imprisonment [29]
57. Bremen school shooting June 20 1913 Bremen German Empire Germany
4
21
F Heinz Schmidt, 29 Sent to psychiatric hospital
58. Linwu school massacre Sep 30 2004 Linwu China China
4
12
 M Liu Hongwen, 28

(刘洪文)

Sent to psychiatric hospital [30]
59. Dendermonde nursery attack Jan. 16/23 2009 Vrasene and Sint-Gillis-bij-Dendermonde Belgium Belgium
4
12
 M Kim De Gelder, 20 Life imprisonment
60. Lindhurst High School shooting May 1 1992 Olivehurst, CA United States United States
4
10
F Eric Houston, 20 Death penalty
61. La Loche shootings Jan 24 2016 La Loche, SK Canada Canada
4
7
F Charged with first-degree murder [31]
62. 2007 Colorado YWAM and New Life shootings Dec 9 2007 Arvada and Colorado Springs, CO United States United States
4
5
F Matthew Murray, 24 Suicide
63. Colegio Americano del Noreste shooting Jan 18 2017 Monterrey, Nuevo León Mexico México
4
5
F Suicide [32]
64. Suixi school massacre Jan 26 2003 Suixi China China
4
3
 M Chen Peiquan, 35 Arrested [33]
65. Illinois school massacre Sep 23 1988 Chicago, IL United States United States
4
2
F Clemmie Henderson, 40 Killed by police [34]
66. Gongyi school massacre Sep 14 2011 Gongyi China China
4
2
 M Wang Hongbin, 30 Arrested [35]
67. Marysville shooting Oct 24 2014 Marysville, WA United States United States
4
3
F Jaylen Fryberg, 15 Suicide [36]
68. Concordia University massacre Aug. 24 1992 Montreal, QC Canada Canada
4
1
F Life imprisonment [37]
69. Gulbene school massacre Feb 22 1999 Gulbene Latvia Latvia
4
1
 M Alexander Koryakov, 19 Life imprisonment [38]
70. 2001 Isla Vista killings Feb 24 2001 Isla Vista, CA United States United States
4
1
 V Sent to psychiatric hospital [39]
71. Toulouse and Montauban shootings March 19 2012 Toulouse France France
4
1
F Mohammed Merah, 23 Killed by police [40]
72. Kronan School massacre Oct 22 2015 Trollhättan SwedenSweden
4
1
 M Anton Pettersson, 21 Killed by police [41]
73. Kunming school killings Feb. 13–15 2004 Kunming China China
4
0
 M Ma Jiajue, 23

(馬加爵)

Death penalty [42]
74. Wilno school massacre May 6 1925 Wilno Poland Poland
3–6
4–11
F E Stanisław Ławrynowicz, Janusz Obrąbalski Both died by suicide
75. Zibo school massacre Aug 3 2010 Zibo China China
3–4
7–20
 M Fang Jiantang, 26

(方建堂)

Death penalty [43]
76. Pingnan school massacre Sep 21 2012 Pingnan China China
3
13
 M Wu Yechang, 25

(吴业昌)

Arrested [44]
77. Olean High School shooting Dec 30 1974 Olean, NY United States United States
3
9–11
F E Anthony Barbaro, 17 Suicide
78. Pearl High School shooting Oct 1 1997 Pearl, MS United States United States
3
7
FM Luke Woodham, 16 Life imprisonment
79. Vida Nova massacre Oct 6 1999 Vida Nova, Campinas Brazil Brazil
3
7
F [45]
80. Zamboanga school massacre Oct 22 2010 Zamboanga City Philippines Philippines
3
6
 M Felin Mateo, 51 Killed by angry mob [46]
81. Hubei school massacre Sep 1 2014 Hubei China China
3
5
 M Chen Yanfu, 43

(陈严富)

Suicide [47]
82. Heath High School shooting Dec 1 1997 West Paducah, KY United States United States
3
5
F Michael Carneal, 14 Life imprisonment
83. Carmen de Patagones school shooting Sep 28 2004 Carmen de Patagones, Buenos Aires Province Argentina Argentina
3
5
F Rafael Solich, 15 Arrested [48]
84. Droysigg massacre Oct 6 1902 Droysigg Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary
3
3
F Killed by angry mob [49]
85. Appalachian School of Law shooting Jan. 16 2002 Grundy, VA United States United States
3
3
F Peter Odighizuwa, 43 Life imprisonment
86. Chardon High School shooting Feb 27 2012 Chardon, OH United States United States
3
3
F Thomas Lane, 17 Life imprisonment
87. Alor Akar massacre Aug 24 1969 Alor Akar Malaysia Malaysia
3
2
 M Arrested [50]
88. Suthat Wannasarn Aug. 13 1983 Chiang Rai Province Thailand Thailand
3
2
 M Suthat Wannasarn, 43 Arrested [51]
89. Frontier Middle School shooting Feb. 2 1996 Moses Lake, WA United States United States
3
1
F Barry Loukaitis, 14 Life imprisonment
90. Adam Labus Feb. 19 2002 Freising Germany Germany
3
1
F E Adam Labus, 22 Suicide [52]
91. San Diego State University shooting Aug. 15 1996 San Diego, CA United States United States
3
0
F Frederick Davidson, 36 Life imprisonment
92. University of Arizona College of Nursing Shooting Oct. 28 2002 Tucson, AZ United States United States
3
0
F Robert Flores Jr., 41 Suicide [53]
93. HCTC shooting Jan. 15 2013 Hazard, KY United States United States
3
0
F Dalton Stidham, 21 Life imprisonment
94. Guatemala massacre Nov 13 1971 Guatemala City Guatemala Guatemala
2
15
 M Arrested [54]
95. Jiudian school massacre Aug 25 1998 Jiudian China China
2
15
 M Lu Xiaoxi, 25 (吕晓喜) Death penalty [55]
96. Marshall County High School shooting Jan 23 2018 Benton, Kentucky United States United States
2
14
F  Gabe Parker, 15 Suspect arrested
97. Erlangen school massacre Dec 21 1972 Erlangen Germany West Germany
2
13
F A Robert Kausler, 27 Perished in the fire [56]
98. Brampton Centennial Secondary School shooting May 28 1975 Brampton, ON Canada Canada
2
13
F Michael Slobodian, 16 Suicide
99. Santee school massacre March 5 2001 Santee, CA United States United States
2
13
F Charles Williams , 15 Life imprisonment
100. Los Angeles elementary school killings Feb 24 1984 Los Angeles, CA United States United States
2
12
F Tyrone Mitchell, 28 Suicide [57]
101. Waikino school shooting Oct 19 1923 Waikino New Zealand New Zealand
2
9
F John Higgins Life imprisonment [58]
102. Cleveland Elementary School shooting Jan 29 1979 San Diego, CA United States United States
2
9
F Brenda Spencer, 16 Life imprisonment
103. Oakland Elementary School shooting Sep 28 1988 Greenwood, SC United States United States
2
9
F James Wilson Jr., 19 Death penalty [59]
104. St. Pius X High School shooting Oct 27 1975 Ottawa, ON Canada Canada
2
5
FM Robert Poulin, 18 Suicide
105. USC killings Oct 6 1979 Columbia, SC United States United States
2
5
F Mark Houston, 19 2 – Life imprisonment/no parole [60]
106. Costa Mesa school massacre May. 3 1999 Costa Mesa, CA United States United States
2
5
 V Steven Abrams, 39 Life imprisonment [61]
107. Monash University shooting Oct 21 2002 Melbourne, Victoria Australia Australia
2
5
F Huan Yun Xiang, 36 Sent to psychiatric hospital [62]
108. Xichang school massacre April 13 2010 Xichang China China
2
5
 M Yang Jiaqin, 40 Arrested [63]
109. Bard College shooting Dec. 14 1992 Great Barrington, MA United States United States
2
4
F Wayne Lo, 18

(駱 文)

Life imprisonment
110. Pak Phanang school shooting June 6 2003 Amphoe Pak Phanang Thailand Thailand
2
4
F Anatcha, Boonkwan, 17 Arrested [64]
111. Maoming school massacre May 15 2007 Maoming China China
2
4
 M Wu Jianguo, 17 Arrested [65]
112. Leizhou school massacre Feb 25 2008 Leizhou, Guangdong China China
2
4
 M Chen Wenzhen

(陈文真)

Suicide [66]
113. Mazhan school massacre March 3 2009 Mazhan China China
2
4
 M Arrested [67]
114. Goyases massacre Oct 20 2017 Goiânia Brazil Brazil
2
4
F Arrested
115. Beach High School shooting March 10 2000 Savannah, Georgia United States United States
2
1
F Life imprisonment [68]
116. Raumanmeri school shooting Jan 25 1989 Raumanmeri secondary school, Rauma Finland Finland
2
0
F None [69]
117. East Carter High School shooting Jan 18 1993 Grayson, Kentucky United States United States
2
0
F Life imprisonment [70]
118. Louisiana Technical College shooting Feb 8 2008 Baton Rouge, Louisiana United States United States
2
0
F Suicide [71]
119. Aztec High School shooting Dec 7 2017 Aztec, New Mexico United States United States
2
0
F William Atchison, 21 Suicide
120. IES Joan Fuster shooting Apr 20 2015 Barcelona, Catalonia Spain Spain
1
4
F, M

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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