List of school shootings in the United States
This is a chronological list of school shootings in the United States. It consists of incidents in which a firearm was discharged at a school infrastructure, including incidents of shootings on a school bus. This list contains shooting incidents that occurred on the campuses of K-12 public schools and private schools, as well as colleges and universities. Each must have a full citation to a reliable source.
It excludes incidents that occurred during wars or police actions. It excludes murder-suicides by rejected suitors or estranged spouses, and suicides or suicide attempts involving only one person. Mass shootings by staff of schools that involve only other employees are covered at workplace killings.
The issue of students carrying guns to school, in a society in which gun ownership was widespread and guns were still used for hunting in some areas, was a topic of discussion dating to the mid-1870s, as noted in this 1874 Los Angeles Herald article:
Boys and Pistols Yesterday at noon a boy sixteen years of age shot himself, or was shot by his brother. It matters not who fired the fatal shot. No criminal act was intended or committed, and the boy is dead. He was a member of the High School of this city and was, we are told, something over the average good boy of Los Angeles. This boy lost his life through the too common habit among boys of carrying deadly weapons. We do not know that this habit can be broken up. We do not know that school teachers have the right, or would exercise it if they had, of searching the pockets of their pupils, but it seems almost a necessity that some such rule be enforced. The hills west of town are not safe for pedestrians after school hours. Nearly every school-boy carries a pistol, and the power of these pistols range from the harmless six-bit auction concern to the deadly Colt's six-shooter...
|July 26, 1764||Greencastle, Pennsylvania||10||0||Four Lenape Native Americans entered the schoolhouse near Greencastle, Pennsylvania, shot and killed schoolmaster Enoch Brown, and killed nine or ten children (reports vary). Only two children survived.|
|November 12, 1840||Charlottesville, Virginia||1||0||John Anthony Gardner Davis, a law professor at the University of Virginia, was shot and killed by student Joseph Semmes.|
|November 2, 1853||Louisville, Kentucky||0||1||Student Matthew Ward took a pistol to school, where he shot the schoolmaster Mr. Butler as revenge for what Ward thought was excessive punishment of his brother the day before. Ward was acquitted.|
|August 16, 1856||Florence, Alabama||2||0||The schoolmaster had a tame sparrow and had warned the students not to harm it, threatening death. One of the boys stepped on the bird and killed it; he was afraid to return to school but did so. After lessons, the master took the boy into a private room and strangled him to death. The boy's father went to the school and shot the schoolmaster dead.|
|July 6, 1858||Baltimore, Maryland||1||0||The 15-year-old son of Col. John T. Farlow (Baltimore's Marshal of Police 1867-70), was shot to death during a Sabbath School gathering. The perpetrator escaped, but several arrests were made.|
|January 21, 1860||Todd County, Kentucky||1||0||A son of Col. Elijah Sebree was shot dead by another student. Young Sebree was threatening the other boy and said he intended to kill him. The other student got a gun and walked up to Sebree in the schoolhouse, where he shot him dead.|
|February 6, 1864||Ashland County, Ohio||1||0||George W. Longfelt, the school teacher of the Pyfer's School House, shot and instantly killed student Alfred Desem and fled.|
|February 16, 1867||Knights Ferry, California||1||0||Mr. McGinnis was shot and killed by his daughter's teacher after McGinnis threatened the teacher for expelling his daughter from school. When McGinnis' son learned of this, he went to the school and killed the teacher.|
|April 2, 1867||Madison, Florida||1||0||Frank Pope, a pupil at the St. John's seminary, shot and killed his teacher Mr. Bristow with a pistol.|
|June 8, 1867||New York City, New York||0||1||Arthur Day, a 13-year-old boy, secretly took a loaded pistol to Public School No. 18 to shoot a dog he said had bitten him. While playing with the pistol, Day accidentally shot and injured classmate Robert Morton.|
|December 22, 1868||Chattanooga, Tennessee||3||0||A boy who refused to be whipped by his teacher left the school. The next day he returned with his brother and a friend for revenge. Not finding the teacher at the school, they continued to his house, where a gun battle took place and three died. Only the original boy who initiated the attack survived.|
|January 27, 1871||Knoxville, Tennessee||1||0||John Roberts, aged ten or twelve, accidentally had one of his eyes shot out at school and died.|
|February 1, 1872||Washington, Pennsylvania||0||1||At the all-girls Union School, Thomas McGiffin, 17 years old, shot in the hip and seriously wounded the principal, Prof. Wilson, because the professor refused to deliver a note to one of the young ladies for him. McGiggin is a son of Col. Norton McGiffin, and brother of US naval hero Philo McGiffin.|
|February 11, 1873||Wisconsin||0||1||A father shot the school mistress for whipping his son.|
|February 20, 1874||Agency, Montana||1||0||After being ejected from school for disobedience, Thomas Sguires, 20 years old, returned to the school a day or two later, and fatally shot Prof. Hayes in the abdomen three times without warning.|
|April 16, 1874||Lebanon, Kentucky||1||0||John R. Breckinridge, son of the late Robert Jefferson Breckinridge was shot to death at the Law school in Lebanon, Kentucky, by John L. Anderson, the Mayor's son. The latter was reportedly "crazed with liquor".|
|May 24, 1878||St. Paul, Minnesota||0||1||A boy, Luckert, accidentally shot and wounded Allie McDonald, another boy at the Neill school. The bullet passed out, and the youth was expected to recover. His mother Mrs. McDonald went to the police station, but did not file a formal complaint.|
|May 24, 1879||Lancaster, New York||0||1||Frank Shugart, a telegraph operator, shot and severely injured Mr. Carr, superintendent of the stables at a girls' school.|
|December 1, 1881||Santa Monica, California||1||0||While working late on the program for the children's concert at the school house, the school master Mr. O'Donnell and one of the parents got into an argument. The parent, Mr. Williams, pulled a gun and fatally shot O'Donnell in the back.|
|December 22, 1881||Shelby County, Indiana||0||0||School teacher Charles J. Gregory shot at a pupil at close range because he refused to write on a slate. The bullet missed the boy. The teacher was arrested.|
|January 1882||Iola, Kansas||0||0||A group of boys shot into a school house, but no one was hurt. Two of the boys were arrested and pleaded guilty three weeks later. They were fined $9.00 each.|
|April 13, 1882||Huntsville, Texas||0||1||G.W. Gray, a student at the Sam Houston Normal School, shot and wounded another student, M.J. Jordan. They were arguing over a comic valentine.|
|February 14, 1883||Florence, Nebraska||0||3||As some children were playing and throwing snowballs outside the Ponca Creek school house, three young men pulled up in a wagon. They engaged the children in a snowball fight. When they were leaving, one of the men pointed his 45 caliber pistol at the children, accidentally shooting and wounding three of them. Harbaugh surrendered to police.|
|November 1883||Barber County, Kansas||0||0||A bunch of drunken cowboys stopped at several schoolhouses, forcing two teachers to drink whiskey and firing numerous shots at three schoolhouses.|
|February 28, 1884||Danville, Virginia||0||2||As Allen Wamack, a fifteen-year-old boy, drove by a "negro" school house, he called out "school butter." The school students ran out and attacked him; they fired several shots at him and he returned fire, hitting two students.|
|March 6, 1884||Boston, Massachusetts||0||0||As news of outlaw Jesse James reached the East Coast, young boys started to imitate him. For instance, boys armed with guns shot at police investigating their activities at the Concord-street schoolhouse.|
|March 15, 1884||Gainesville, Georgia||0||0||In the middle of the day, a group of very drunk Jackson County farmers were shooting their revolvers as they headed down the street, driving people into their homes. As they approached the female academy, the girls fled from the yard into the school. The gang followed and fired several rounds into the front door, but no one was hurt.|
|June 12, 1887||Cleveland, Tennessee||1||0||Will Guess went to the school and fatally shot Miss Irene Fann, his little sister's teacher, for whipping her the day before.|
|June 13, 1889||New Brunswick, New Jersey||0||0||Charles Crawford, upset over an argument with a school trustee, went up to the window and fired a pistol into a crowded school room. The bullet lodged in the wall just above the teacher's head.|
|April 24, 1890||Brazil, Indiana||0||1||While the pupils of the Meridian Street School were at play, Ben Corbery drew a revolver and shot Cora Brubach, aged 10, seriously wounding her in the face. The girl had told the teacher of Ben's misconduct.|
|December 27, 1890||Staunton, Virginia||1||0||At the Kable's Military Academy a 15-year-old student, A.H. Hathaway of Dennison, Texas, was accidentally shot dead by his 17-year-old classmate James Whitworth of Sulphur Springs, Texas, while they were playing with an old pistol.|
|March 30, 1891||Liberty, Mississippi||0||14||During a school exhibition and concert given at the Parson Hill schoolhouse, where the large audience was composed of blacks and whites: teachers, pupils, and spectators, an unknown gunman fired a double barreled shotgun into the assemblage. 14 people were wounded, some seriously.|
|April 9, 1891||Newburgh, New York||0||?||James Ferguson, 70, fired a shotgun at a group of students in the playground of St. Mary's Parochial School, causing minor injuries to several of the students.|
|October 10, 1892||Lawrence, Kansas||0||2||At Kansas University, two students, E. Higgins and Jack Craycroft, were shot as they were walking back to their dorm rooms after football practice. Law student Fred Bassett fired a double barreled shotgun as they passed his home; he said he had warned them not to trespass on his farm, which students frequently did.|
|March 26, 1893||Plain Dealing, Louisiana||4||1||During an evening school dance at Plain Dealing High School, a fight broke out. When the smoke cleared; two students were shot dead, two more were fatally wounded, and the high school's Professor Johnson was shot in the arm.|
|October 17, 1894||Parkersburg, West Virginia||2||0||When school was let out, Willis Gardner, 15, was shot to death and his 8-year-old brother fatally stabbed in a quarrel among a group of boys.|
|December 13, 1898||Charles Town, West Virginia||5||2||During the school exhibition, a group of young men tried to break up a student performance. When the teacher Fisher tried to throw them out, they turned on him. Audience members joined the fray. The fight resulted in deaths: Harry Flasher was shot in the heart and instantly killed, Henry Carney was fatally shot in the back, Ralph Jones and two others were also fatally shot, and George Gibson was shot in the hand; Haz Harding had his skull crushed and several others received minor wounds.|
|February 24, 1903||Inman, South Carolina||1||0||Edward Foster, a 17-year-old student at Inman High School, was shot and fatally wounded by his teacher Reuben Pitts after jerking a rod from Pitts' hands to avoid punishment. According to the teacher, Foster struck the pistol Pitts had drawn, and caused it to fire. Pitts was acquitted of murder on grounds of self-defense.|
|July 21, 1903||Jackson, Kentucky||2||1||At the Cave Run School, James Barrett and Mack Howard argued over a card game and fought a duel with pistols; they shot and killed each other. Student James Vires, aged 12, was shot in the abdomen while sitting at his desk during the gunfight.|
|April 6, 1904||Chicago, Illinois||1||0||Two students had been fighting for most of a year over a girl. In their last fight, Henry Schaze threw 16-year-old Paul Jelick to the ground, drew a revolver, and shot his rival dead.|
|November 16, 1904||Riverside, California||2||1||At the Indian School, a gun fight broke out between pupils. Charles Colby was shot in the head with a pistol, then returned fire, killing Tom Bucanoros and fatally wounding Fred Smith.|
|December 16, 1904||Magee, Mississippi||1||1||Parent E.E. Mangum was shot through the head and killed by the principal of the high school, Professor J.E. Woodward. Mangum had argued with Woodward, who had given Mangum's 15-year-old son a severe whipping. Mangum lost his temper, shooting Woodward through the wrist. A bystander handed Woodward a pistol and he shot Mangum through the head.|
|February 9, 1905||Colusa, California||0||1||At the request of his childhood friend, Pearl Cruse, 17-year-old Elmer Hildreth, who did not attend her school, went to a meeting between Miss Cruse and her teacher. It ended in "a hand to hand" encounter between teacher and pupil. When Ingrim went after Hildreth with an axe, Hildreth shot him in the stomach. Hildreth was arrested and bail was posted by five prominent men in the community. Hildreth was found to have acted in self-defense and no charges were filed. Ingrim survived.|
|March 23, 1907||Carmi, Illinois||1||0||Parent George Nicholson shot and killed John Kurd at a schoolhouse during a school rehearsal. Kurd had made a disparaging remark about Nicholson's daughter during her recital.|
|December 20, 1907||Chico, California||1||0||Arthur Roberts, aged 9 years, was shot in the head and killed outside his school during a military drill by school children of the Dayton school district. Armed with old guns believed to be empty, the children had pulled their triggers. The Roberts boy threw his hands to his head and cried, "I'm shot."|
|March 19, 1909||Mount Vernon, Illinois||0||1||During a school performance of "The Grand Central", John Moake, portraying the villain, was shot in the forehead and dangerously wounded by the hero, Roy Slater. The cartridge was thought to have been blank.|
|June 10, 1909||Trinidad, Colorado||1||0||Walter Harris, 11-year-old student, accidentally shot and killed his teacher B.C. Briggs in the head while on a school field trip.|
|August 18, 1909||Bakersfield, California||0||0||After hunting doves, a group of six young men deliberately shot out the glass at the Fruitvale School. They also shot at the nearby residence of A.J. Hunter, narrowly missing several children in the rear yard.|
|September 11, 1909||Gravette, Arkansas||1||0||John Butram, a student at the Bear Hollow School, told his fellow students that school was cancelled. The teacher A.T. Kelly insisted that the day's lesson was not over. When Butram drew a knife on his teacher, Kelly drew his gun and shot him.|
|January 12, 1910||New York City, New York||2||0||"A black bearded maniac drew an automatic pistol" and fired five shots into a crowd of boys at the Harlem School, who were taunting him. Robert Lomas, aged 6, was hit and died instantly; Arthur Shively, 6, was critically wounded.|
|March 10, 1910||Ione, California||0||0||At the reform school, known as Preston School of Industry, students Albert Brown and Eugene Griffin tried to escape, stealing a revolver from the school's bakery shop. They shot at Captain William H. White when he pursued them. No one was hurt, but the boys were transferred to the penitentiary, which held adults.|
|August 16, 1910||Lexington, Kentucky||1||?||A general fight broke out during school board elections; Lewis Napier was shot and killed, and several other persons were hurt. Several were arrested.|
|April 27, 1911||Manhattan, Kansas||1||0||During a school play rehearsal, a boy accidentally loaded his revolver. An 18-year-old girl who was to use it in the play said she was afraid to handle it. The teacher said there was no need for her fear and pointed it at the girl, Pearl Reedy, squeezing the trigger. She was fatally wounded.|
|January 31, 1912||San Francisco, California||1||0||In a brawl between the white and Chinese students at the Oriental School, James Kane was shot dead.|
|November 19, 1914||Sayre, Pennsylvania||1||0||While walking to school, Charles Listman, 14, shot and killed Andrew Milton, 15, over the affections of classmate Minnie London, 13.|
|January 13, 1915||Vancouver, Washington||0||1||During a parent-teachers' meeting, student Murlan Decker (15), was accidentally shot by his younger brother, Luther.|
|September 22, 1916||Grand Rapids, Minnesota||0||1||Olga Dahl, the 19-year-old teacher at the Round Lake District School, was found tied to a tree near the school, assaulted and shot twice in the face. She had been working late after school, and a man with a revolver entered the school house and ordered her to obey him. He raped and shot her; she was expected to live. All available men in Itasca County joined in hunting the assailant.|
|December 26, 1916||Danville, Kentucky||1||?||During the Christmas tree celebration at the Harris Creek School, with a packed room of children and visitors, a fight broke out. William Benedict, Sr. was instantly shot dead; William Benedict, Jr. was shot in the ankle; Bourdon Galloway was shot in the right arm; and Mike Gaddis was shot in the leg. Many others were injured. The disturbance was said to be started by Thomas Thornton, who had been drinking and was told to calm down by Benedict. Thornton's brother George left the room and returned with a revolver.|
|June 5, 1917||Harrisburg, Pennsylvania||0||1||Earl Wolf, a 16-year-old freshman, was accidentally shot in the leg with a revolver around noon time, in the company of his classmates at the Central High School.|
|November 29, 1918||Manes, Missouri||0||1||At the Perkins school's Thanksgiving night pie supper, teacher Joe Todd, age 21, was mysteriously shot. He was expected to recover.|
|October 28, 1918||Chicago, Illinois||1||0||Overnight two brothers, William (16) and Ralph Carter (15), broke into the May public school, robbing the phone boxes and teachers' desks. Discovered by janitor Howard Parks and policeman Thomas Conway, a gunfight broke out. William was critically wounded and not expected to live; Ralph Carter was taken to jail.|
|March 29, 1918||Jefferson City, Missouri||1||0||At the Lincoln Institute, State Negro Normal School, Professor Romeo West, 31 years old, was shot and killed in the dormitory by superintendent of school Theodore Martin. They were arguing over which dishes to use at a social. Martin said he shot in self-defense, fatally hitting West with three of five shots.|
|April 6, 1918||Reeder, North Dakota||1||0||During the afternoon recess, a boy was looking over a 22-calibre rifle; it discharged, striking the head of the Coyne boy in the seat to the front, killing him instantly.|
|January 9, 1919||Monroe City, Missouri||0||0||While school was in session, Hugh Claggett shot through the school house's front door while on his way home from work. No one was hurt, and he was fined $20.|
|April 12, 1919||Ogden City, Utah||0||1||During a high school assembly, six boys shot off their guns; permission had been given in the belief the guns were loaded with blanks but they had live shot. Teacher Verna Davidson was shot in the foot.|
|August 8, 1919||San Francisco, California||2||0||An assistant in the Department of Chemistry at the University of California was distraught over his inability to obtain a position; he shot Professor Edmond O'Neill, and Professor Dr. J.H. Hildebrand in the administration offices of Gilman Hall. He shot at Vice President May L. Cheney but hit only her hair braid before being subdued.|
|February 14, 1920||Durant, Oklahoma||0||1||At the Durant Normal School, teacher Albert McFarland, was shot and seriously wounded by one of his pupils.|
|March 4, 1920||Cincinnati, Ohio||0||1||Student, Lawrence Angel, 14 years old, shot his teacher Beatrice Conner through the arm for sending him to the principal's office.|
|May 1, 1920||Summerville, Georgia||0||0||At the High School, student Alexander Potter, 15 years old, fired six shots at his teacher, Prof. Ransom, but missed. Potter was upset over having received a severe thrashing and expulsion. Potter was sentenced to 6 years at a reform school.|
|May 15, 1920||Bowling Green, Ohio||1||0||While attending her son's school track meet, Mrs. F. Mahl was shot and killed accidentally by shot from the starter's pistol.|
|August 1, 1920||Ogden, Utah||0||1||Mike Smults, the night watchman at the Utah school for the Deaf and Blind, shot a 10-year-old boy, Dennis McDonald, as he and his brother Clinton cut through the campus. The watchman said he fired into the air as a warning.|
|October 22, 1920||Chicago, Illinois||0||1||Mrs. Carmila Rindoni went to the school and twice shot Rosalind I. Reynolds, her son's teacher, for spanking her son the day before. Mrs. Rindoni was arrested, and Miss Reynolds was expected to recover.|
|November 4, 1920||Middlesboro, Kentucky||1||0||Prof. Barnes of Middlesboro High School was fatally shot by Adolphus Oaks, for whipping his sister the week before. Barnes had already submitted his resignation to the school board, as his students had boycotted his class in protest over the whipping. He intended to leave the city that weekend. Oaks went to jail.|
|February 17, 1922||Valdosta, Georgia||2||0||John Glover broke into the school house, where he shot and killed a girl and fatally wounded a boy. A mob tracked and killed Glover 7 miles (11 km) away in Indianola, now Naylor, Georgia.|
|August 1, 1922||Ardmore, Oklahoma||1||0||Bryant Hignight and four other students were hanging out at the outhouse of the Mount Zion school; Hignight fired two shots. One entered Raymond Guin's head, killing the boy instantly. Three of the boys were questioned, but all said it was an accident.|
|May 28, 1931||Duluth, Minnesota||1||0||Katherine McMillen, 24-year-old teacher at the Howard Gensen rural school near Duluth, was accidentally shot and killed by a pupil who brought a revolver to school.|
|September 14, 1934||Gill, Massachusetts||1||0||Headmaster Elliott Speer was murdered by a shotgun blast through the window at Northfield Mount Hermon School. The crime was never solved.|
|May 7, 1935||Irvington, New York||1||0||Dr. Paul Kyle, head of the Kyle School for Boys, was found shot to death in the school, just before classes were to begin that day.|
|June 4, 1936||Bethlehem, Pennsylvania||2||0||Wesley Clow shot and killed his Lehigh University English instructor, C. Wesley Phy. Clow went to Phy's office and demanded that Phy change his grade to a passing mark. Clow committed suicide after shooting Phy.|
|June 4, 1937||Isabel, Kansas||1||0||Robert Douthitt, 16, was accidentally shot to death backstage during high school play practice. The revolver was to have been loaded with blanks, but it held live ammunition.|
|September 24, 1937||Toledo, Ohio||0||2||12-year-old Robert Snyder shot and wounded his principal, June Mapes, in her office at Arlington Public School when she declined his request to call a classmate. He fled the grounds, and shot and wounded himself.|
|July 4, 1940||Valhalla, New York||1||0||Angered by the refusal of his daughter, Melba, 15, to leave a boarding school and return home, Joseph Moshell, 47, went to the school, where he shot and killed his daughter.|
|October 2, 1942||New York City, New York||1||0||Irwin Goodman, 36-year-old mathematics teacher at William J. Gaynor Junior High School, was shot and killed in the school corridor by a youth.|
|June 26, 1946||New York City, New York||0||1||A 15-year-old student who refused to give his pocket money to a gang of seven youths was shot in the chest in the Public School 147 annex of the Brooklyn High School for Automotive Trades.|
|December 24, 1948||New York City, New York||1||0||A 14-year-old student was fatally wounded in the head by a shot from fellow student Robert Ross, 17. The youth was accidentally shot when he chanced into range where Ross was target shooting near a lake at the school.|
|March 11, 1949||New York City, New York||0||1||A 16-year-old student at Stuyvesant High School was accidentally shot in the arm by a fellow student who was ‘showing off’ with a pistol in a classroom.|
|November 13, 1949||Columbus, Ohio||1||0||Ohio State University freshman James Heer grabbed a .45 caliber handgun from the room of a Delta Tau Delta fraternity brother, and shot and killed Jack McKeown, 21, a senior and also a fraternity brother.|
|July 22, 1950||New York City, New York||0||1||A 16-year-old boy was shot in the wrist and abdomen at the Public School 141 dance during an argument with a former classmate.|
|January 24, 1951||Alton, Illinois||1||0||Henry Suhre, 61, quartermaster at Western Military Academy, was shot to death in the cadet store on campus.|
|March 12, 1951||Union Mills, North Carolina||1||0||Professor W.E. Sweatt, superintendent and teacher at the Alexander School, was shot to death by students Billy Ray Powell, 16, and Hugh Justice, 19, whom he had reprimanded.|
|June 4, 1951||New York City, New York||1||0||Carl Arch, a 50-year-old intruder to a girl's gym class, was shot and killed by a police officer at Manhattan's Central Commercial High School.|
|November 27, 1951||St. Louis, Missouri||1||0||David Brooks, a 15-year-old student, was fatally shot as fellow pupils looked on. Two former students were sought by police.|
|April 9, 1952||New York City, New York||1||0||A 15-year-old boarding school student shot a dean rather than give up his pin-up pictures of girls in bathing suits.|
|July 14, 1952||New York City, New York||1||0||Bayard Peakes walked into the offices of the American Physical Society (APS) at Columbia University, where he shot and killed secretary Eileen Fahey. Peakes was reportedly upset that the APS had rejected a paper of his.|
|March 31, 1954||Newton, Massachusetts||1||0||John Frankenberger, 14, was accidentally shot to death in a classroom at Day Junior High School when a pistol being held by a classmate discharged.|
|May 15, 1954||Chapel Hill, North Carolina||1||2||Putnam Davis Jr. was shot and killed during a fraternity house carnival at the Phi Delta Theta house at the University of North Carolina. William Joyner and Allen Long were shot and wounded during the exchange of gunfire in their room. The incident followed an all-night beer party. Long told police that, while the three were drinking beer at 7 a.m., Davis pulled out a gun and started shooting.|
|January 11, 1955||Swarthmore, Pennsylvania||1||0||After some of his dormmates urinated on his mattress during hazing, Bob Bechtel, a 20-year-old student at Swarthmore College, returned to his dorm with a shotgun and shot and killed fellow student Holmes Strozier.|
|May 4, 1956||Seat Pleasant, Maryland||1||2||15-year-old student Billy Prevatte fatally shot one teacher and injured two others at Maryland Park Junior High School after he had been expelled from the school.|
|October 20, 1956||New York City, New York||0||1||A Booker T. Washington Junior High School student was shot and wounded in the forearm by another student armed with a home-made weapon.|
|October 2, 1957||New York City, New York||0||1||A 16-year-old student was shot in the leg by a 15-year-old classmate at a city high school.|
|March 4, 1958||New York City, New York||0||1||A 17-year-old student shot a boy in the Manual Training High School.|
|May 1, 1958||Massapequa, New York||1||0||A 15-year-old Massapequa High School freshman was shot and killed by a classmate in a washroom.|
|September 24, 1959||New York City, New York||1||0||Twenty-seven men and boys and an arsenal were seized in the Bronx as the police headed off a gang war resulting from the fatal shooting of a teenager at Morris High School.|
|March 30, 1960||Alice, Texas||1||0||Donna Dvorak, 14, brought a target pistol to Dubose Junior High School, and fatally shot Bobby Whitford, 15, in their 9th-grade science class. Dvorak believed Whitford posed a threat to one of her girlfriends.|
|June 7, 1960||Blaine, Minnesota||1||0||Lester Betts, a 40-year-old mail-carrier, confronted principal Carson Hammond, 33, in his Blaine Elementary School office and shot him to death with a 12-gauge shotgun.|
|January 4, 1961||Delmont, South Dakota||1||0||Donald Kurtz, 17-year-old senior at Delmont High School, was fatally wounded by a rifle shot. The shot was intended as a sound effect for a school play. He was shot during a rehearsal before the play was to be performed.|
|October 17, 1961||Denver, Colorado||2||0||Tennyson Beard, 14, got into an argument with William Hachmeister, 15, at Morey Junior High School, and shot and wounded him. Another shot fatally struck Deborah Faith Humphrey, 14, who died.|
|April 27, 1966||Bay Shore, New York||1||0||Teacher John S. Lane, 48, was shot and fatally wounded when he tried to stop 16-year-old student James Arthur Frampton. The youth was walking through the halls of Bay Shore Senior High School with a shotgun, searching for boys whom he had argued with earlier that day. Lane died about six weeks later of his wounds.|
|August 1, 1966||Austin, Texas||17||31||Engineering student Charles Whitman, aged 25, got onto the observation deck at the University of Texas-Austin, from where he shot and killed 17 people and wounded 31 during a 96-minute shooting rampage in the University of Texas massacre. He had earlier murdered his wife and mother at their homes. It was the deadliest shooting on a U.S. college campus until the Virginia Tech massacre in 2007.|
|October 5, 1966||Grand Rapids, Minnesota||1||1||Grand Rapids High School student David Black, 15, killed school administrator Forrest Willey and seriously wounded fellow student Kevin Roth, 14.|
|November 12, 1966||Mesa, Arizona||5||2||Bob Smith, 18, took seven people hostage at Rose-Mar College of Beauty and ordered them to lie down in a circle. He shot each in the head. Four women and a three-year-old girl died; one woman and a baby were injured but survived. Police arrested Smith, who reportedly admired Richard Speck and Charles Whitman.|
|January 24, 1968||High Point, North Carolina||1||0||David Walker, 15, was shot to death just outside Central High School by Gerald Locklear, 15.|
|January 30, 1968||Miami, Florida||1||0||16-year-old Blanche Ward shot and killed fellow student Linda Lipscomb, 16, at Miami Jackson High School. According to Ward, she was threatened with a razor by Lipscomb during an argument over a fountain pen, and in the ensuing struggle the gun went off.|
|February 8, 1968||Orangeburg, South Carolina||3||27||In the days leading up to February 8, 1968, about 200 mostly student civil rights protesters gathered on the campus of South Carolina State University to protest the continued racial segregation of the All Star Bowling Lane after passage in 1964 of federal legislation prohibiting such action. That night, students started a bonfire. As police attempted to put out the fire, an officer was struck and injured by an object. Police later said they believed they were under attack by small weapons fire. The officers fired into the crowd, killing three young men: Samuel Hammond, Delano Middleton, and Henry Smith, and wounding 27 others.|
|May 22, 1968||Miami, Florida||0||2||Ernest Lee Grissom, a 15-year-old student at Drew Junior High School, shot and seriously wounded a teacher and a 13-year-old student after he had been reprimanded for behavior.|
|January 17, 1969||Los Angeles, California||2||0||Alprentice Carter and John Huggins, two student members of the Black Panther Party, were fatally shot during a student meeting inside Campbell Hall at the University of California, Los Angeles. Reportedly there was disagreement over who would control the school's African American Studies Center. The shooter, Claude Hubert, was never found; three other men were later arrested in connection with the shooting.|
|January 23, 1969||Washington, D.C.||1||0||Cardozo Senior High School assistant principal Herman Clifford, 45, was shot to death in the school's hallway by Ronald Joyner, 18, while trying to stop him and two other youths who had robbed the school's bank.|
|May 13, 1969||Winston-Salem, North Carolina||1||0||Ernest Napoleon Carter Jr., 13, was accidentally shot and killed by a 13-year-old classmate at Hanes Junior High School who was armed with a pistol. The shooter was charged with involuntary manslaughter. Carter's mother filed a lawsuit against the Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Board of Education for $50,000 in damages.|
|November 19, 1969||Tomah, Wisconsin||1||0||46-year-old Martin Mogensen, Principal of Tomah Junior High School, was shot to death in his office by a 14-year-old boy.|
|January 5, 1970||Washington, D.C.||1||1||Tyrone Perry, 15, was shot to death at Hine Junior High School.|
|February 11, 1970||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||1||2||University of Pennsylvania professors Walter Koppelman (40) and Oscar Goldman (45) were shot by 33-year old disgruntled graduate student, Robert Cantor, during a seminar. Cantor committed suicide by gun. Koppelman died March 5 from his injuries but Goldman recovered.|
|May 4, 1970||Kent, Ohio||4||9||During protests of the Vietnam War at Kent State University, armed National Guard Soldiers opened fire on unarmed students, killing four people.|
|May 15, 1970||Jackson, Mississippi||1||12||One student was killed and twelve others injured when police opened fire on students gathered to protest the US military presence in Cambodia.|
|February 2, 1971||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||1||0||Teacher Samson L. Freedman, 56, was shot to death as he left Morris E. Leeds School, by student Kevin Simmons, 14. Freedman had suspended Simmons earlier in the day for cursing in the hallway.|
|November 11, 1971||Spokane, Washington||2||4||Former MIT student Larry J. Harmon, 21, armed with a rifle, entered St. Aloysius Roman Catholic Church on the Gonzaga University campus. Harmon killed the caretaker, 68-year-old Hilary Kunz, and wounded four more people after leaving the church. Police officers shot and killed him. Harmon was described by his father as a religious fanatic claiming to have visions.|
|February 26, 1973||Richmond, Virginia||1||0||Wayne Phillips, 17, was shot to death when he was caught between two youths who were fighting in the hallway of Armstrong High School.|
|November 6, 1973||Oakland, California||1||1||School superintendent Marcus Foster was shot and killed and his assistant Robert Blackburn was wounded when members of the Symbionese Liberation Army opened fire on them as they exited a school board meeting. Two members of the SLA were later arrested and convicted of the crime. Both were sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. The SLA had reportedly believed that Foster supported a measure to install police on school grounds and make students carry identification cards. In reality, Foster opposed both measures.|
|January 17, 1974||Chicago, Illinois||1||0||Elementary school principal Rudolph Jezek, Jr., 52, was shot to death in his office by Steven Guy, 14, a former student said to be angry about being transferred to a social adjustment center.|
|March 22, 1974||Brownstown, Indiana||1||0||Jessie Blevins, 48, athletic director at Brownstown Central High School, was fatally shot in the school parking lot by a 17-year-old student waiting for him. He gave the police no motive.|
|December 30, 1974||Olean, New York||3||11||During a 2 1/2-hour siege, honor student Anthony Barbaro, 17, the best shot on his rifle team, shot and killed three adults in and around his high school and wounded 11 other persons. He shot from the windows out at the street and neighborhood. The school was closed for the Christmas holiday.|
|March 18, 1975||St. Louis, Missouri||1||0||16-year-old Stephen Goods, a bystander, was shot and killed during a fight between other teens.|
|September 11, 1975||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma||1||5||Student James Briggs shot and killed fellow student Randy Truitt at Grant High School, wounding several others.|
|February 12, 1976||Detroit, Michigan||0||5||Intruders entered Murray-Wright High School, shooting and wounding five students after an apparent dispute over a girlfriend of one of the intruders.|
|April 7, 1977||Whitharral, Texas||1||0||High School principal M. O. Tripp was shot to death on the front steps of the school by student Ricardo Lopez, 17, for unknown reasons.|
|February 9, 1978||St. Albans, West Virginia||1||0||A 15-year-old student was shot and killed by another student at Hayes Junior High School.|
|February 22, 1978||Lansing, Michigan||1||1||After being taunted for his beliefs, 15-year-old Roger Needham, self-proclaimed Nazi, killed one student and wounded a second with a pistol at Everett High School.|
|April 26, 1978||Dallas, Texas||1||0||Woodrow Porter, 38, a janitor at Paul Dunbar Elementary School, was shot to death by the 56-year-old grandmother of an 8-year-old who was allegedly spanked by Porter earlier.|
|May 18, 1978||Austin, Texas||1||0||John Daniel Christian, 13, son of Lyndon B. Johnson's former press secretary George Christian, shot to death his English teacher, Wilbur Grayson, 29, with his father's rifle in front of approximately 30 classmates. Christian was arrested and charged but not prosecuted; he was committed to a mental hospital where he was treated for a period and released.|
|January 29, 1979||San Diego, California||2||9||16 year-old Brenda Spencer opened fire on Grover Cleveland Elementary School from her home across the street, killing two adults and wounding nine people.|
|January 7, 1980||Stamps, Arkansas||1||0||Evan Hampton, 16, high school freshman student at Stamps High School, waited in a classroom for 19-year-old student Mike Sanders, whom he fatally shot and immediately killed. Hampton went to the principal's office, turning in the gun and waiting for his arrest by police.|
|March 20, 1980||Dallas, Texas||1||0||Rosie Pearson, 49, fifth grade teacher, was shot to death in J. Leslie Patton School by an unknown assailant.|
|March 26, 1980||Big Rapids, Michigan||1||0||Business professor Robert Brauer was shot and killed in class by his student Thomas Kakonis, 20, at Ferris State College; Kakonis had failed an exam in his class. Kakonis is the son of an associate dean at the college.|
|October 31, 1980||Hueytown, Alabama||1||1||17-year-old Rudy Farmer pulled out a .22 caliber pistol and shot a fellow student in the art room at Hueytown High School. That student was wounded. Farmer then fatally shot himself.|
|January 27, 1981||Fayetteville, Arkansas||1||1||James Howard Taylor, 19, a former freshman of the college, brought a 12-gauge single-shot shotgun into the Delta Delta Delta sorority house on the University of Arkansas campus. He entered the house at 5:45 p.m. and held two UAPD officers at gunpoint in the foyer. He then aimed his shot gun into the dining room and enlarged his hostage count. Holding two sets of hostages, he didn't notice UAPD Sgt. Reggie Houser slip in through a side door. Sgt. Houser drew his .38-caliber service revolver and shot Taylor three times. He died en route to Washington Regional Medical Center.|
|March 19, 1982||Las Vegas, Nevada||1||2||17-year-old Valley High School student Patrick Lizotte shot and killed his teacher Clarence Pigott and wounded two students.|
|April 7, 1982||Littleton, Colorado||1||0||Deer Creek Jr. High School student Jason Rocha, 14, shot and killed student Scott Darwin Michael, 13.|
|January 20, 1983||St. Louis County, Missouri||2||1||Eighth grade Parkway South Middle School student David F. Lawler entered a study hall classroom and opened fire, killing Randall Koger, 15, and injuring Greg Saffo, 15. Lawler then committed suicide.|
|February 24, 1984||Los Angeles, California||2||12||Tyrone Mitchell killed two people and wounded twelve others when shooting at students leaving 49th Street Elementary School.|
|April 20, 1984||Detroit, Michigan||1||0||Kelly Crittendon, 13, was accidentally shot to death by two classmates in a classroom at the Precious Blood School.|
|January 21, 1985||Goddard, Kansas||1||3||James Alan Kearbey, 14, armed with a rifle and a handgun, killed principal James McGee and wounded two teachers and a student at Goddard Junior High School.|
|October 18, 1985||Detroit, Michigan||0||6||During halftime of the homecoming football game between Northwestern and Murray-Wright high schools, a youth opened fire with a shotgun, injuring six students with whom he had fought earlier in the day.|
|December 3, 1985||Concord, New Hampshire||1||0||At Concord High School, Louis "Louie" Cartier, a 16-year-old dropout, entered the school with a shotgun and took two students hostage. Responding police officers fatally shot him after he aimed at a teacher.|
|December 10, 1985||Portland, Connecticut||1||1||At Portland Junior High School, a 13-year-old male student pulled out a firearm, shooting and wounding the school secretary and killing a custodian.|
|December 5, 1986||Lewistown, Montana||1||3||A 14-year-old Fergus High School student shot and killed a substitute teacher, and wounded a vice principal and two classmates. He was charged as an adult, convicted and sentenced to 206 years in prison.|
|February 4, 1987||Northridge, California||2||0||Associate Professor of Computer Science Djamshid (Amir) Asgari was confronted in the Engineering Building of California State University, Northridge by graduate student Fawwaz Abdin, 25. Abdin was angry about a low grade Asgari had given him a year earlier, which caused him to be put on academic probation. After Asgari refused to change his grade, Abdin shot him twice and killed himself. Dr. Asgari later died at the Northridge Hospital.|
|March 2, 1987||De Kalb, Missouri||2||0||Honors student Nathan Ferris, 12, shot and killed a classmate and then himself.|
|April 16, 1987||Detroit, Michigan||1||2||A ninth-grade student at Murray Wright High School shot and killed Chester Jackson, 17, a student athlete, and wounded Damon Matthews, 17, and Tomeka Turner, 18.|
|September 28, 1987||Lansing, Illinois||0||1||After being kicked off the soccer team for smoking on school grounds, student Blake Docter, 16, of Illiana Christian High School shot and wounded John Hoogewerf, the teacher who had caught him smoking.|
|November 22, 1988||Abilene, Texas||0||1||Student Mason Staggs, 16, shot Cooper High School teacher Rick Maloney in the face with a pistol, severely injuring the teacher. Staggs left the school and went fishing.|
|January 17, 1989||Stockton, California||6||32||Patrick Edward Purdy, 24, fatally shot five children and wounded 32 others at the Cleveland Elementary School. Most of his victims were ethnic Southeast Asian refugees. Purdy had a history of violence, alcoholism and drug addiction, and criminality. He shot and killed himself at the school.|
|February 10, 1989||Kearns, Utah||0||0||A 12-year-old boy fired a handgun at Vice Principal William Crumbaugh at Thomas Jefferson Junior High School. No one was injured.|
|April 23, 1991||Compton, California||1||0||A teenager aimed and fired a handgun at a security guard who had chased him and three friends off the grounds of Ralph J. Bunche Middle School. He instead shot and killed 11-year-old Alejandro Vargas, a bystander and student at the school.|
|November 1, 1991||Iowa City, Iowa||5||1||University of Iowa shooting Gang Lu, a 28-year-old former graduate student at the university, killed four members of the university faculty and one student, and seriously wounded another student. He committed suicide by shooting himself.|
|November 25, 1991||Brooklyn, New York||1||0||During an argument between two teens at Thomas Jefferson High School, a stray bullet killed a third, uninvolved 16-year-old student.Shooter Jason Bentley, 14, was sentenced in 1992 to three to nine years in prison.|
|February 26, 1992||Brooklyn, New York||2||0||Thomas Jefferson High School was the scene of its second shooting of the school year, when a 15-year-old shot and killed two other students. The shooter, Khalil Sumpter, was sentenced in 1993 to between 6⅔ and 20 years in prison. He was released on parole in 1998.|
|January 18, 1993||Grayson, Kentucky||2||0||Scott Pennington, 17, a student at East Carter High School, fatally shot his teacher, Deanna McDavid, and head custodian Marvin Hicks.|
|February 22, 1993||Los Angeles, California||2||0||Robert Heard, 15, fatally shot 17-year-old Michael Shean Ensley in the corridor of the Reseda High School's science building.|
|September 17, 1993||Sheridan, Wyoming||1||4||Kevin Newman, 29, wounded 4 students before killing himself at Central Junior High School.|
|April 15, 1993||Acushnet, Massachusetts||1||0||44-year-old David Taber entered Ford Middle School and took three hostages. He shot and killed school nurse Carol Day. He was found not guilty of the murder by reason of insanity.|
|May 24, 1993||Pennsburg, Pennsylvania||1||0||15-year-old student Jason Smith shot and killed another student who had bullied him at Upper Perkiomen High School. He was charged as an adult and sentenced to between 12 and 25 years in prison.|
|December 1, 1993||Wauwatosa, Wisconsin||1||0||Associate principal Dale Breitlow was shot and killed in the school on December 1, 1993. Leonard D. McDowell, a 21-year-old former student, shot the principal three times with a revolver in a second-floor hallway. McDowell was found guilty of the murder and sane at the time of the shooting; he was sentenced to life in prison. His sentence was upheld by the state Court of Appeals in April 1997.|
|January 31, 1994||Seattle, Washington||1||0||Darrell Cloud, 24, a former student at Whitman Middle School in North Seattle, shot and killed teacher Neal Summers, 45, who had sexually abused Cloud since he was 13. Cloud served nine years in prison. He later received a $250,000 settlement in a civil suit against Seattle Schools, charging that Summers had not been adequately supervised.|
|March 1, 1994||Boonville, Missouri||2||0||Dante D. Hayes, 33, a hunter and ex-convict, shot and killed Richard Vancena, 58, a cafeteria manager, and Robin Michelle Coleman, 33, a cook, in the mess hall of Kemper Military School and College. He was drunk and looking for his wife Anna Hayes with whom he had a fight the night before. No students were harmed.|
|April 12, 1994||Butte, Montana||1||0||10-year-old Jason Osmanson, teased because his parents have AIDS, shot and killed an 11-year-old student on the playground of Margaret Leary Elementary School. Osmanson was sent to a private residential treatment center.|
|January 12, 1995||Seattle, Washington||0||2||A 15-year-old student at Garfield High School left school during the day and returned with his grandfather's handgun. He wounded two students.|
|September 29, 1995||Tavares, Florida||1||0||Student Keith E. Johnson, 14, shot and killed Joey Summerall, 13, at Tavares Middle School with a handgun that he had stolen from his neighbor's home. He was convicted and sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.|
|October 12, 1995||Blackville, South Carolina||2||1||Anthony Sincino, 16, killed one teacher and wounded another before committing suicide at Blackville-Hilda High School.|
|November 15, 1995||Lynnville, Tennessee||2||1||James Rouse, 17, killed a student and teacher at Richland High School and seriously wounded another teacher with a rifle.|
|January 19, 1996||Washington, D.C.||1||0||Two masked gunmen kill 14-year-old Damion Blocker in a stairwell at Winston Education Center. Shooter Darrick Evans, 16, was sentenced to 41 years to life in prison.|
|February 2, 1996||Moses Lake, Washington||3||1||Frontier Middle School shooting: Barry Loukaitis, 14, killed a teacher and two students and wounded another student when he opened fire on his algebra class. Loukaitis was sentenced to life in prison.|
|August 15, 1996||San Diego, California||3||0||San Diego State University shooting: Frederick Martin Davidson, a 36-year-old graduate student killed three professors that he believed were involved in a conspiracy against him.|
|September 17, 1996||State College, Pennsylvania||1||2||Jillian Robbins, 19, shot and killed one student and injured two outside Pennsylvania State University's Hetzel Union Building.|
|September 25, 1996||Decatur, Georgia||1||2||Dekalb Alternative School, 16-year-old David Dubose Jr. shoots and kills English teacher Horace Morgan on the steps of the school. Dubose is found not guilty by reason of insanity and is committed indefinitely to a state mental hospital.|
|February 19, 1997||Bethel, Alaska||2||2||Bethel Regional High School shooting: Student Evan Ramsey, 16, shot and killed the school's principal and one student, and wounded two other students.|
|October 1, 1997||Pearl, Mississippi||3||7||Pearl High School shooting: Luke Woodham, 16, murdered his mother at home before killing his ex-girlfriend and one other students and then wounding seven others at Pearl High School. The perpetrator attempted to flee police and continue his killing spree at a nearby middle school, but he was stopped and detained by the Vice Principal, Joel Myrick, who had retrieved his .45 caliber handgun from his coat after hearing the shots fired. Woodham and his friends were said to be outcasts who worshipped Satan.|
|November 27, 1997||West Palm Beach, Florida||1||0||Conniston Middle School student Tronneal Magnum, 14, fatally shot Johnpierre Kamel, 14, outside school after an argument over a wristwatch.|
|December 1, 1997||West Paducah, Kentucky||3||5||Heath High School shooting: Three students were killed and five wounded by Michael Carneal, 14, as they participated in a prayer circle. Carneal was sentenced to life in prison.|
|December 15, 1997||Stamps, Arkansas||0||2||Joseph "Colt" Todd, 14, concealed in a wooded area on school grounds, shot and wounded two students as they were entering Stamps High School.|
|March 24, 1998||Craighead County, Arkansas||5||10||Westside Middle School massacre: Mitchell Johnson, 13, and Andrew Golden, 11, killed four students and one teacher and wounded ten others as Westside Middle School emptied during a fire alarm intentionally set off by Golden.|
|April 24, 1998||Edinboro, Pennsylvania||1||3||Parker Middle School dance shooting: Andrew Wurst, 14, fatally shot teacher John Gillette, 48, and wounded two students and a teacher at an 8th grade graduation dance. He is serving a 30 to 60-year sentence in a prison for young offenders.|
|May 19, 1998||Fayetteville, Tennessee||1||0||Jacob Davis, 18, shot Robert Creson, 18, in a dispute over a girl.|
|May 21, 1998||Springfield, Oregon||4||23||After killing his parents at home, Kip Kinkel, 15, drove to Thurston High School, where he shot and killed two students and wounded 23 others. After pleading guilty, he was sentenced to 111 years of prison.|
|June 15, 1998||Richmond, Virginia||0||2||A 14-year-old student of Armstrong High School wounded a teacher and a school volunteer.|
|December 10, 1998||Detroit, Michigan||1||0||Professor Andrzej Olbrot at Wayne State University was killed by graduate doctoral student Wlodzimierz Dedecjus, 48.|
|April 16, 1999||Notus, Idaho||0||0||Shawn Cooper, 15, fired two shots from a shotgun near the front desk at Notus Jr. Sr. High School. There were no serious injuries, but some students were close enough to the blast to be grazed by shrapnel from the tile floor. Shawn Cooper had been undergoing treatment for bipolar disorder.|
|April 20, 1999||Littleton, Colorado||15||21||Eric Harris, 18, and Dylan Klebold, 17, students at Columbine High School, killed twelve students and one teacher, and wounded 21 others before committing suicide.|
|May 20, 1999||Conyers, Georgia||0||6||Student Thomas "T.J." Solomon Jr., 15, shot and wounded six students at Heritage High School. A 15-year-old girl was hospitalized in critical condition, and the other victims suffered from non-life-threatening injuries. Solomon initially faced up to 351 years of prison if convicted of aggravated assault and other charges. In 2000 he was found guilty but mentally ill and was sentenced to 40 years in prison and 65 years of probation.|
|November 19, 1999||Deming, New Mexico||1||0||Victor Cordova Jr., 13, fatally shot a 13-year-old girl at Deming Middle School. Cordova said he had intended to commit suicide but was jostled by others and his gun moved.|
|December 6, 1999||Fort Gibson, Oklahoma||0||6||Before his middle school opened, 12-year-old Seth Trickey opened fire in the courtyard. While there were no fatalities, several students felt sparks from the bullets hitting the building walls. Six were injured, including a girl who was shot in the face. Trickey brought the gun from home.|
|February 29, 2000||Flint, Michigan||1||0||At Buell Elementary School, 6-year-old Dedrick Owens, the youngest documented school shooter, shot and killed classmate Kayla Rolland.|
|May 26, 2000||Lake Worth, Florida||1||0||13-year-old Nathaniel Brazill was sent home for throwing water balloons, but returned to his Lake Worth Middle School with a family pistol; he fatally shot teacher Barry Grunow. Brazill was an honor student. A popular teacher, Grunow was Brazill's favorite.|
|August 28, 2000||Fayetteville, Arkansas||2||0||James E. Kelly, 36, a PhD candidate in Comparative Literature at University of Arkansas, shot and killed Dr. John R. Locke, 67, Director of his program. Kelly had been dismissed from this PhD program for lack of progress toward his degree. Kelly shot Dr. Locke three times before committing suicide in the director's office, which had been isolated by campus police.|
|September 26, 2000||New Orleans, Louisiana||0||2||Darrel Johnson, 13, and Alfred Anderson were initially charged with attempted second-degree murder in a school shooting; both were shot with the same gun.|
|December 1, 2000||San Diego, California||0||1||A 15-year-old student who showed off a handgun on campus and threatened to shoot a classmate [...] ended up accidentally shooting himself on Friday, causing minor injuries.|
|March 5, 2001||Santee, California||2||13||Charles Andrew Williams, a 15-year-old student, shot and killed two students at Santana High School and wounded 13 others. He was arrested and convicted of murder and attempted murder. He was sentenced to life with the chance of parole after serving 50 years.|
|March 7, 2001||Williamsport, Pennsylvania||0||1||Student Elizabeth Catherine Bush, 14, shot and wounded fellow student Kimberly Marchese in the cafeteria of Bishop Neumann High School; she had been frequently teased and suffered from depression .|
|March 22, 2001||El Cajon, California||0||5||18-year-old former student Jason Hoffman opened fire at Granite Hills High School, injuring five people. He was convicted of assault and sentenced to prison, where he committed suicide in 2002.|
|March 30, 2001||Gary, Indiana||1||0||17-year-old Donald Ray Burt, Jr. fatally shot Neal Boyd, IV with one bullet to the head in a parking lot outside Lew Wallace High School.|
|January 15, 2002||New York City, New York||0||2||17-year-old Vincent Rodriguez shot and wounded two students at Martin Luther King, Jr. High School in Manhattan, with a semi-automatic pistol. He was retaliating for the victims having harassed his girlfriend. In February 2003, Rodriguez was sentenced to 10 years in prison on charges of assault and attempted assault.|
|October 7, 2002||Bowie, Maryland||0||1||In the Beltway sniper attacks, one victim of several was 13-year-old Iran Brown, who was shot and wounded as he arrived at Benjamin Tasker Middle School in Bowie, Maryland. His aunt, a nurse who had just dropped him off, rushed him to a hospital emergency room. Despite serious injuries, Brown survived the attack.|
|October 28, 2002||Tucson, Arizona||4||0||Robert Flores, a nursing student who was failing his coursework, shot and killed three of his professors at the University of Arizona before turning the gun on himself and committing suicide.|
|October 29, 2002||Jersey City, New Jersey||0||1||A 15-year-old student was shot in the abdomen and wounded inside a basement of Lincoln High School, during an argument with another student. Another 15-year-old student was arrested and charged with attempted murder.|
|April 24, 2003||Red Lion, Pennsylvania||2||0||On April 24, 2003, eighth-grade student James Sheets entered Red Lion Area Junior High School armed with his stepfather's pistols. He shot and killed the school's principal, Eugene Segro, before killing himself.|
|May 9, 2003||Cleveland, Ohio||1||2||On May 9, 2003, Biswanath Halder, a 62-year-old business school alumnus of Case Western Reserve University, killed a graduate student and wounded a professor and another student using a semi-automatic rifle. He held the building and its nearly 100 occupants hostage for seven hours before being apprehended by a SWAT team. He was sentenced to life in prison.|
|September 24, 2003||Cold Spring, Minnesota||2||0||John Jason McLaughlin, aged 15, fatally shot two students at Rocori High School. A 17-year-old was killed immediately, and a 15-year-old died from his wounds on October 11, 2003. McLaughlin was sentenced to life in prison with the chance of parole in 2038.|
|February 2, 2004||Washington, D.C.||1||0||Thomas J. Boykin was acquitted of the murder of 17 year-old James Richardson, a football player at Ballou High School in Southeast Washington.|
|February 9, 2004||East Greenbush, New York||0||1||Jon W. Romano in East Greenbush, New York fired two rounds from a shotgun, wounding one teacher. He was tackled by the assistant principal and charged with one count of attempted murder.|
|May 7, 2004||Randallstown, Maryland||0||4||Two students were charged with a school shooting that arose from a dispute after a basketball game at Randallstown High School. Four persons were injured, two seriously. One student was paralyzed from the waist down.|
|March 21, 2005||Red Lake, Minnesota||10||7||Student Jeffrey Weise, a 16-year-old, shot and killed his grandfather and grandfather's companion at their home, where he had been living, at the Red Lake Indian Reservation. He drove to Red Lake Senior High School. Armed with his grandfather's police weapons, Weise shot and killed five students, one teacher, and one security guard, wounding seven others, before committing suicide.|
|September 13, 2005||Chicago, Illinois||0||1||At Harlan Community Academy High School, a fight broke out between two 15-year-old boys in the gymnasium. One took out a pistol, shooting the other youth in the leg. A police officer on duty at the school arrested the gunman. The suspected shooter was charged as an adult with aggravated battery with a firearm.|
|November 8, 2005||La Follette, Tennessee||1||2||Inside the Campbell County High School office, Kenneth Bartley, aged 15, shot and killed the school principal, Gary Seale. He shot assistant principals Ken Bruce and Jim Pierce. Bruce later died from his wound. Bartley was sentenced to 45 years in prison with chance of parole after 29 years.|
|February 23, 2006||Roseburg, Oregon||0||1||14-year-old freshman Vincent Wayne Leodoro shot student 16-year-old Joseph Monti four times in the back with a semi-automatic handgun at Roseburg High School. Leodoro walked away from the school campus, and was confronted near a restaurant by six police officers. He threatened suicide but was persuaded to surrender. He was found guilty of attempted murder and assault in July 2006, and will be held in prison until he turns 25 years old.|
|March 14, 2006||Reno, Nevada||0||2||In the hallway of Pine Middle School, 14-year-old James Scott Newman shot and injured two 14-year-old eighth-grade classmates with a revolver belonging to his parents. Two students received minor wounds. Newman was subdued by a physical education teacher. The youth was arrested and charged as an adult for attempted murder, use of a deadly weapon and use of a firearm by a minor. He later pleaded guilty to charges of two counts of battery with a deadly weapon, and was sentenced as a juvenile. Newman was sentenced to house arrest until he completed 200 hours of community service.|
|August 30, 2006||Hillsborough, North Carolina||0||2||After shooting and killing his father, teenager Alvaro Castillo went to his high school, where he shot and wounded two students. He was reportedly obsessed with the Columbine shootings and had written an email to the current Columbine high school principal before committing his own crime.|
|September 27, 2006||Bailey, Colorado||2||0||Duane Roger Morrison walked into Platte Canyon High School and took six girls hostage. He sexually assaulted them. As police entered the classroom, he killed one hostage and then shot himself. He died later that day in a nearby Denver hospital.|
|September 29, 2006||Cazenovia, Wisconsin||1||0||Eric Hainstock, a 15-year-old student, entered Weston High School and shot the high school principal with a handgun. A custodian had taken away a shotgun. The principal died, and Hainstock was charged and convicted of murder. He is serving a life sentence and will be eligible for parole in 2037.|
|October 2, 2006||Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania||6||3||Charles Carl Roberts IV, a 32-year-old milk truck driver, shot to death five Amish girls and wounded five others before killing himself in an Amish school in the hamlet of Nickel Mines, in Bart Township, Lancaster County.|
|October 9, 2006||Joplin, Missouri||0||0||13-year-old student Thomas White fired one shot from a Mac-90 rifle at a hallway ceiling at Memorial Middle School. The gunshot struck a water pipe, and nobody was injured. White was tried as an adult on charges of assault and firearms possession, and in 2009 he was sentenced to 10 years of prison.|
|January 3, 2007||Tacoma, Washington,||1||0||18-year-old student Douglas S. Chanthabouly shot 17-year-old Samnang Kok to death in the hallways of Henry Foss High School due to a personal disagreement. In 2009, Chanthabouly was sentenced to 23 years in prison on a charge of second-degree murder.|
|March 7, 2007||Compton, California||0||1||During an argument with several non-students and students, a student was shot in the elbow and wounded in the eating area at Centennial High School. The shooting occurred an hour after classes were dismissed, and students in after-school activities were sent home.|
|April 16, 2007||Blacksburg, Virginia||33||25||Student Seung-Hui Cho, aged 23, shot and killed 32 students and faculty members at Virginia Tech, and wounded another 17 students and faculty members in two separate attacks that day, before committing suicide. It was the deadliest attack by a lone gunman in US history.|
|October 10, 2007||Cleveland, Ohio||1||4||Asa Coon, a 14-year-old suspended student, returned to SuccessTech Academy, where he fired shots at people inside the school building, wounding two teachers and two students. He shot himself in the head, committing suicide.|
|February 4, 2008||Memphis, Tennessee||0||1||At Hamilton High School, a student shot a 16-year-old student in the leg during a classroom argument over rap music. The victim's injury was not life-threatening.|
|February 8, 2008||Baton Rouge, Louisiana||3||0||Latina Williams, a 23-year-old nursing student at Louisiana Technical College killed two classmates and herself in a second floor classroom.|
|February 12, 2008||Oxnard, California||1||0||Brandon McInerney, 14, shot Lawrence "Larry" King, 15, twice in the head in the computer laboratory of E.O. Green Junior High School. McInerney was apprehended in a nearby neighborhood. King, who was openly homosexual, died two days later. McInerney was initially charged with a hate crime, but that charge was dropped. McInerney pleaded guilty to second-degree murder and was sentenced to 21 years in prison.|
|February 14, 2008||DeKalb, Illinois||6||21||Steven Kazmierczak, 27, shot multiple people with a shotgun in a classroom of Northern Illinois University, killing five and injuring 21. He then committed suicide. Kazmierczak was not enrolled at the university, but had attended it in the years prior to the attack.|
|August 14, 2008||Federal Way, Washington||1||0||26-year-old Omero Mendez was waiting at the Lakota Middle School campus to pick up his girlfriend's son. He was confronted by 16-year-old Luis F. Cosgaya-Alvarez and two of his friends, driving in an SUV. Cosgaya-Alvarez flashed gang signs at Mendez, and shot him once in the head. Mendez later died of his injuries. Cosgaya-Alvarez was arrested a few days later in Seattle and was charged with murder. Cosgaya-Alvarez pleaded guilty to murder and weapon enhancements, and was sentenced to 18 years in prison.|
|August 21, 2008||Knoxville, Tennessee||1||0||At Central High School, 15-year-old Jamar Siler shot and killed 15-year-old Ryan McDonald. In 2011, Siler was sentenced to 30 years in prison after pleading guilty to murder in a plea agreement.|
|October 16, 2008||Detroit, Michigan||1||3||Christopher Walker, 16, was killed, and three other teenagers were seriously wounded during a drive-by shooting near Henry Ford High School, soon after classes let out. Three teenagers were arrested and charged in connection with the shooting. William Morton, 15, the shooter, was sentenced to life without parole, and Devon Bell was sentenced to 42 years of prison.|
|October 26, 2008||Conway, Arkansas||2||1||Four young men were charged in the University of Central Arkansas shootings. Outside the Arkansas Hall dormitory, they fatally shot two students—Ryan Henderson, 18, and Chavares Block, 19. They shot a third person, a 19-year-old campus visitor, wounding him in the leg.|
|November 13, 2008||Fort Lauderdale, Florida||1||0||15-year-old Amanda Collette was shot to death in the hallway at Dillard High School. The shooter, 15-year-old Teah Wimberly, was sentenced to 25 years to life on a first-degree murder charge.|
|January 9, 2009||Chicago, Illinois||0||5||After attendees were leaving a basketball game at Dunbar High School, a truck pulled over and someone inside fired shots at the crowd, wounding five people, three critically. Georgio Dukes, 18, was arrested and charged a week later with five counts of felony aggravated battery with a firearm. Police believe that the attack was gang-related.|
|April 26, 2009||Hampton, Virginia||0||3||18-year-old Odane Greg Maye, a former student of Hampton University, followed a 43-year-old pizza delivery man into his former dormitory. Armed with three guns, Maye shot and wounded the delivery man, then shot and wounded the dorm monitor. Lastly, Maye shot himself in a suicide attempt. He survived and was convicted of two charges of malicious wounding, two counts of using a gun in a felony; burglary; and shooting in an occupied building. He was sentenced to 14 years of prison in November 2009, and was ordered by a judge to pay more than $62,000 in restitution to his victims for lost wages.|
|May 18, 2009||Cambridge, Massachusetts||1||0||Jabrai Copney, 20; Jason Aquino, 23; and Blayn Jiggetts, 19, of New York City, invited Justin Cosby, 21, of Cambridge, into a Harvard College dormitory. After trying to rob him of a pound of marijuana, they shot him. Copney turned himself in four days later. Copney was convicted of murder. His partners pleaded guilty to armed robbery and manslaughter. His girlfriend, Brittany Smith '09, 21, pleaded guilty to accessory after the fact, firearm possession, and misleading a grand jury.|
|May 18, 2009||Larose, Louisiana||1||0||At Larose-Cut Off Middle School, Justin Doucet, a 15-year-old student, carried his backpack to the restroom, where he took out a semi-automatic handgun (registered to his father) and put on camouflage clothes. Doucet went to another classroom, shooting at and missing the teacher. He returned to the restroom and shot himself in the head, dying a week later of his wounds.|
|June 16, 2009||San Francisco, California||0||3||After students were being let out of International Studies Academy on the first day of summer school classes, a man left a car and opened fire, wounding three people, including a 17-year-old female student. An 18-year-old man was arrested for being an accessory in the crime.|
|September 3, 2009||San Bruno, California||0||1||A 20-year-old student was shot and wounded in the parking lot of Skyline College after an argument between him and other men. The college campus was placed on lockdown. Three San Francisco residents, Germaine B. Benjamin, 18; Dimaryea J. McGhee, 20; and Jacori W. Bender, 18, were arrested and were charged with felony firearm offenses.|
|February 5, 2010||Madison, Alabama||1||0||Student 14-year-old Hammad Memon shot dead 14-year-old Todd Brown at Discovery Middle School as classes were changing. The shooting was possibly related to gang activities. In May 2013, Memon pleaded guilty to the murder and was sentenced to 30 years of prison. After Memon is released from prison, he is likely to be deported to his native Pakistan.|
|February 23, 2010||Littleton, Colorado||0||2||At Deer Creek Middle School, Bruco Eastwood opened fire from a rifle in a parking lot, and shot and wounded two eighth-grade students, one female and one male, before being restrained by teachers and held until his arrest. The boy's wounds were critical for the four days following the shooting. In October 2011, Eastwood was found not guilty by reason of insanity.|
|September 8, 2010||Detroit, Michigan||0||2||Two students were shot and wounded in front of Mumford High School by Steven Jamal Hare, age 17. He was tried as an adult and charged with assault with intent to kill. In 2012, Hare was sentenced to 27 years in prison.|
|October 1, 2010||Salinas, California||1||0||15-year-old student Jose Daniel Cisneros was killed after being shot several times on an athletic field at Alisal High School while walking to school. Police said that the shooting was gang-related.|
|October 8, 2010||Carlsbad, California||0||2||41-year-old Brendan O'Rourke climbed over a fence and opened fire with a handgun in a playground of Kelly Elementary School, which had 230 students; two second-grade female students were grazed in the arms before O'Rourke was subdued by a construction worker. He was found guilty of seven counts of attempted murder and was sentenced to 189 years to life in prison.|
|November 29, 2010||Marinette, Wisconsin||1||0||Samuel Hengel, 15, took 23 students and a teacher hostage inside a classroom of Marinette High School for five hours. He had stormed into the class, firing with a handgun at a movie projector. Police persuaded Hengel to release the hostages; after officers entered the building, Hengel shot himself in the head. He died the next day.|
|December 6, 2010||Aurora, Colorado||0||1||In a gang-related attack outside Aurora Central High School, a 17-year-old girl was shot and paralysed. She was one of a group of students outside the school. Luis Enrique Guzman-Rincon, 20, had fired shots from a car trying to hit gang rivals. Guzman-Ricon was sentenced to 35 years in prison.|
|January 5, 2011||Omaha, Nebraska||2||2||At Millard South High School, student Robert Butler Jr., 18, shot dead Assistant Principal Dr. Vicki Kaspar and wounded Principal Curtis Case before opening fire at police in the front office area, causing the school nurse to be wounded by gunshot debris. Butler then drove to a parking lot and shot himself as police cornered him.|
|March 25, 2011||Martinsville, Indiana||0||1||Michael Phelps, a 15-year-old suspended student, returned to Martinsville West Middle School with a handgun. In the entrance of the school, Phelps shot 15-year-old Chance Jackson twice in the abdomen, critically wounding him. Phelps fled the school and dropped the handgun; he was arrested shortly after. Jackson had to undergo surgery three times to save his life; he suffers from post-traumatic stress disorder. Phelps was convicted of attempted murder in August 2011, and was sentenced to 30 years in prison and 5 years of probation.|
|March 31, 2011||Houston, Texas||1||5||Multiple gunmen opened fire during a powder puff football game at Worthing High School. One man, an 18-year-old former student named Tremaine De Ante’ Paul, died. Five other people were injured.|
|May 23, 2011||Pearl City, Hawaii||0||1||A 14-year-old male student is accused of firing a handgun on the campus of Highlands Intermediate School, wounding one student. The gunman was arrested on suspicion of attempted murder. Two other suspects were arrested in connection with the shooting.|
|October 24, 2011||Fayetteville, North Carolina||0||1||A 15-year-old girl was shot with a rifle in the neck at Cape Fear High School. She was hospitalized for two months at in serious condition. 15-year-old Charles Underwood, a fellow student, was arrested and charged with attempted murder. Underwood was convicted of attempted first-degree murder and was sentenced to 15 years in prison.|
|December 8, 2011||Blacksburg, Virginia||2||0||Ross Truett Ashley, 22, a part-time business student at Radford University, shot and killed a police officer engaged in an unrelated traffic stop on the campus of Virginia Tech; he then committed suicide in a nearby parking lot.|
|December 9, 2011||Edinburg, Texas||0||2||Two students were shot after school at Harwell Middle School in Edinburg, Texas while trying out for their school's basketball team. The shooting allegedly was done by an adult off campus, who was shooting at a target range.|
|January 10, 2012||Houston, Texas||0||1||A student opened fire with a handgun at North Forest High School, wounding another student. The shooter said that he had been confronted by three students who had been bullying him and he shot in self-defense. He hit a 16-year-old bystander in the leg. The 18-year-old suspect was charged with aggravated assault with a deadly weapon.|
|February 27, 2012||Chardon, Ohio||3||3||Thomas "T. J." Lane, 17, took a semi-automatic handgun and a knife to Chardon High School, where he fired ten shots at a group of students sitting in the cafeteria. He killed three boys: a 16-year-old died immediately, and two others died the following day and wounded three other students. Lane was arrested while standing near his car. He was charged as an adult with murder, attempted murder, and firearms offenses. In March 2013, he was convicted and sentenced to three life sentences without the possibility of parole.|
|April 2, 2012||Oakland, California||7||3||One L. Goh was accused of shooting to death seven students with a handgun and wounding three others at Oikos University, a Christian college. He fled the scene, stealing a victim's car, and was apprehended hours later nearby. Goh was charged with seven counts of murder. In January 2013, Goh was determined to be mentally unfit for trial and committed for treatment.|
|August 16, 2012||Memphis, Tennessee||0||2||Two Hamilton High School students were shot and wounded in the parking lot of the school. The attack was believed to be gang-related.|
|August 27, 2012||Perry Hall, Maryland||0||1||Robert Gladden, 15, fired two shots with a shotgun inside the cafeteria at Perry Hall School. He hit a 17-year-old senior in the lower back, causing critical wounds. The youth has Down's syndrome. Gladden was subdued by two school faculty members, and arrested. In February 2013, he was sentenced to 35 years in prison on attempted murder charges.|
|September 7, 2012||Normal, Illinois||0||0||A student fired multiple gunshots in the ceiling of Normal Community High School, and was tackled by a teacher. Nobody was injured. The 14-year-old student was arrested and charged with 16 felony counts.|
|October 6, 2012||Mobile, Alabama||1||0||Student Gil Collar, 18, was fatally shot by a campus police officer while having a medical emergency. Collar had ingested a legal lab chemical; it is unknown if he had done that voluntarily. Acting erratically, he approached the police station while naked and battered. Officer Trevis Austin, equipped with pepper spray and a baton, felt his life was threatened by the unarmed 140 lb teen. Video shows that the officer shot Collar before the student approached within 5 ft of him. Austin was cleared of any wrongdoing by the university.|
|October 31, 2012||Los Angeles, California||0||4||At a Halloween party on the University of Southern California campus, an argument escalated and Brandon Spencer, 20, used a handgun to shoot rival gang member, Geno Hall, seven times, critically wounding him. Spencer shot and wounded three other people; none was a student of USC. They were hospitalized with less serious injuries. Spencer was arrested. In April 2014, he was convicted of attempted murder and sentenced to 40 years to life in prison.|
|December 14, 2012||Newtown, Connecticut||28||2||Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting: Adam Lanza, aged 20, killed 26 people and himself. He first killed his mother at their shared home before taking her guns and driving to the school. Lanza brought four guns with him. He killed 20 first-grade children aged six and seven during the attack at school, along with six adults, including four teachers, the principal, and the school psychologist. Two other persons were injured. Lanza then shot and killed himself as police arrived at the school.|
|January 7, 2013||Fort Myers, Florida||1||0||Shots were fired at Apostolic Revival Center Christian School, leaving 27-year-old Kristopher Smith dead in what was believed to be a retaliation killing, possibly for his talking with police about a previous incident.|
|January 10, 2013||Taft, California||0||2||A gunman entered a science classroom of Taft Union High School with a shotgun and opened fire, critically wounding 16-year-old student Bowe Cleveland. He shot at but missed another student. The classroom teacher Ryan Heber convinced the gunman, found to be 16-year-old student Bryan Oliver, to drop his weapon. Oliver was later arrested; on January 14, he was charged with two counts of attempted murder and assault with a firearm. He was convicted and sentenced to 32 years in prison.|
|January 15, 2013||St. Louis, Missouri||0||2||A gunman shot and wounded an administrator in his office on the fourth floor of Stevens Institute of Business and Arts. The suspected gunman, Sean Johnson, a part-time student, shot and wounded himself in a stairwell. Both the administrator and Johnson were hospitalized in stable conditions. Johnson was charged with three felony charges, including assault.|
|January 15, 2013||Hazard, Kentucky||3||0||Two people were shot and killed and a third person was wounded at the parking lot of Hazard Community and Technical College. The third victim, 12-year-old Taylor Cornett, died from her wounds the next day. 21-year-old Dalton Lee Stidham was arrested and charged with three counts of murder.|
|January 16, 2013||Chicago, Illinois||1||0||A 17-year-old boy, Tyrone Lawson, was shot to death in a parking lot of Chicago State University. The shooting happened after high school basketball games held on the campus, where Lawson had been a spectator. Police arrested two people after the shooting and recovered a weapon.|
|January 22, 2013||Houston, Texas||0||3||Outside Lone Star College–North Harris, two men got into an argument. One shot and wounded the other. He also wounded a maintenance man, and accidentally shot himself in the leg. The shooter fled into the woods and was arrested hours later. The charges against the initial suspect were dropped and another man was arrested.|
|January 31, 2013||Phoenix, Arizona||0||0||An argument between two rival gangs escalated to what police now describe as a "gun battle" at Cesar Chavez High School in Phoenix. Approximately fifteen shots were fired in the vicinity of people waiting to get into a scheduled boy's basketball game. No one was injured.|
|January 31, 2013||Atlanta, Georgia||0||2||A 14-year-old male student was shot and wounded at Price Middle School. The gunman, a student, was believed to be arguing with the other student before using a handgun to shoot him. A teacher was also wounded. Afterward, the gunman was disarmed by a school resource officer and arrested; police charged him with aggravated assault.|
|March 18, 2013||Orlando, Florida||1||0||At the University of Central Florida, 30-year-old student James Oliver Seevakumaran pulled a fire alarm at the Tower 1 dormitory, to attract a crowd. He pointed a handgun at his roommate and threatened to shoot him in their room; he released the rommate, who ran out and called 9-1-1. Seevakumaran then fatally shot himself in the head. Authorities found an assault weapon, a couple hundred rounds of ammunition and four homemade bombs inside his backpack.|
|April 12, 2013||Christiansburg, Virginia||0||2||Two women were wounded during a shooting at the campus of New River Community College. Neil Allen MacInnis was taken into custody. In June 2014, he was sentenced to 38 years in prison.|
|April 16, 2013||Grambling, Louisiana||0||3||Three students were shot and injured on the campus of Grambling State University.|
|April 18, 2013||Cambridge, Massachusetts||2||1||At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, near Building 32, a campus police officer was shot multiple times and killed. The shooting was believed to be perpetrated by the suspects of the Boston Marathon bombings three days prior to this shooting. The two suspects were brothers Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and Tamerlan Tsarnaev. About three hours after the MIT shooting, Tamerlan died in a gunfight with police in Watertown, Massachusetts. Another officer was shot and seriously wounded. Dzhokhar was arrested 18 hours afterward in Watertown, and was hospitalized in critical condition from a gunshot wound to the neck.|
|May 14, 2013||Birmingham, Alabama||0||0||Allegedly responding to a student fight, a mother of a student fired a weapon on the campus of Ossie Ware Mitchell Middle School. No one was injured.|
|June 7, 2013||Santa Monica, California||6||4||A lone gunman opened fire on the school campus library after shooting at several cars and a city bus at separate crime scenes, and killing his father and brother at a house off campus. He killed a total of five people and wounded four others. The gunman, John Zawahri, was fatally wounded by responding police officers.|
|August 20, 2013||Decatur, Georgia||0||0||A man with an automatic rifle fired six shots inside the front office of Ronald E. McNair Discovery Learning Academy, an elementary school. He barricaded himself in the office, where police returned fire. Nobody was injured. Children were evacuated. The alleged gunman is a 20-year-old Michael Brandon Hill. He had talked with Antoinette Tuff in the front office, who had called 9-1-1 and persuaded him to surrender to police before anyone was hurt. Hill was arrested.|
|August 23, 2013||Sardis, Mississippi||1||2||A student, Roderick Bobo, 15, was shot during a football game at North Panola High School in what was termed as a gang-related shooting. Two others were injured in the shooting. Three men were charged as being responsible for the crime.|
|August 30, 2013||Winston-Salem, North Carolina||0||1||A 15-year-old male student was shot at Carver High School, at 2:30 PM. He was hospitalized with minor injuries. An 18-year-old male student was apprehended without further incident. The suspected gunman is charged with assault with a deadly weapon inflicting serious injury, carrying a concealed gun, possessing and discharging a firearm, and carrying a firearm onto educational property. The shooting was believed related to a dispute between the suspect and the victim.|
|October 4, 2013||Pine Hills, Florida||0||2||A 16-year-old student was shot in the hip outside Agape Christian Academy after a fight broke out at 2 pm. An innocent bystander was hit by a stray bullet or shrapnel. The two victims were treated for minor injuries. The suspected shooter reportedly fled in a car with several other males, and was not caught.|
|October 21, 2013||Sparks, Nevada||2||2||12-year-old seventh-grade student Jose Reyes opened fire with a handgun at the basketball courts of Sparks Middle School, injuring one student in the shoulder. Michael Landsberry, a teacher and veteran, tried to intervene and was shot and killed by Reyes. Reyes also shot and wounded a student trying to help the teacher. Reyes then committed suicide by shooting himself in the head. The shooting happened before classes, and the school was evacuated and was closed for the week.|
|November 2, 2013||Greensboro, North Carolina||0||1||A 21-year-old student was shot and wounded at North Carolina A&T State University. The victim was hospitalized for serious but non-life-threatening injuries. The university was temporarily locked down that night. No suspects are in custody.|
|November 3, 2013||Lithonia, Georgia||0||2||A Stephenson High School student and a janitor were shot in an apparent confrontation between football team members and a group of teens who were not attending the school. Both were innocent bystanders.|
|November 13, 2013||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||0||3||After classes ended, at least one gunman came out of the woods and opened fire on three students as they were walking to their cars at Brashear High School. One student was grazed in the head, another was struck in the neck and shoulder, and a third was hit in the leg and foot. Six people were taken into custody. The shooting is believed to be drug-related.|
|December 4, 2013||Winter Garden, Florida||0||1||A 15-year-old student was shot and wounded by a 17-year-old student near a soccer field on the campus of West Orange High School. The shooting occurred after a fight broke out between the two students. The 17-year-old suspected shooter was taken into custody several miles away from the school, and is charged with attempted murder, aggravated battery with a firearm, possession of a firearm by a minor and possession of a firearm on school grounds. In October 2014, the shooter was sentenced to 25 years in prison.|
|December 13, 2013||Centennial, Colorado||1||0||18-year-old Karl Pierson shot 17-year-old student Claire Davis in the head, fatally injuring her, in a hallway in Arapahoe High School. Pierson then committed suicide by shooting himself. Pierson was armed with a shotgun, three Molotov cocktails, and a machete. He was looking for a faculty member who had disciplined him, and intended to shoot him. Claire Davis died from her injuries on December 21, 2013.|
|December 19, 2013||Fresno, California||0||1||Four teens went into Edison High School in what was believed as a gang-initiation process. After accosting a 62-year-old woman about a mile away from school grounds, they found an athletic trainer who taught at Edison High and shot him several times in the leg and stomach.|
|January 9, 2014||Jackson, Tennessee||0||1||A student was charged with bringing a gun to school at Liberty Technology Magnet High School and shooting a classmate in the thigh. The incident occurred outside the front of the school.|
|January 13, 2014||New Haven, Connecticut||0||1||A 14-year-old boy was shot outside of a basketball game at the Hillhouse High School athletic facility, suffering wounds in his hand and leg.|
|January 14, 2014||Roswell, New Mexico||0||3||Two people were shot and wounded inside the gymnasium of Berrendo Middle School, at about 8:10 am. An 11-year-old boy and a 13-year-old girl were airlifted to a hospital in Lubbock, Texas in critical condition. The 12-year-old suspected shooter, Mason Campbell, a seventh grade student, was apprehended at the scene after he was talked down by a staff member and dropped the shotgun. A staff member received minor injuries. Campbell was charged with three counts of aggravated battery with a deadly weapon. He was sentenced to a maximum sentence of confinement in a juvenile detention facility until he is 21 years old.|
|January 17, 2014||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||0||2||A student allegedly shot two other students in the gymnasium at Delaware Valley Charter School. Both victims, a male and a female, were shot in the arm. They were taken to a nearby hospital and are in stable condition, police say. Police Commissioner Charles Ramsey said at a news conference that the shooter ran out of the school after the shooting but was taken into custody near his home. 17-year-old Raisheem Rochwell was arrested and charged as an adult for aggravated assault, recklessly endangering another person and firearms offenses. Rochwell was sentenced to two years of juvenile detention.|
|January 20, 2014||Chester, Pennsylvania||0||1||One person was shot and critically injured at Widener University. The incident occurred around 10:00 pm outside the university sport’s complex and led to an 8-hour university lock-down. The suspect was not immediately found.|
|January 21, 2014||West Lafayette, Indiana||1||0||A 21-year-old student, Andrew Boldt, was stabbed and shot and killed in a classroom building on the campus of Purdue University. 24-year-old student Cody Cousins was found guilty of the murder and was sentenced to 65 years of prison. In October 2014, Cousins committed suicide in his cell.|
|January 24, 2014||Orangeburg, South Carolina||1||0||A 20-year-old student was shot and killed at South Carolina State University. A 19-year-old was arrested and charged with murder.|
|January 25, 2014||Los Angeles, California||1||0||A man was shot and killed at Los Angeles Valley College. Two suspects were arrested in the fatal shooting.|
|January 27, 2014||Carbondale, Illinois||0||1||A group of students at Rebound High School got in an argument in the school's parking lot. One student pulled out a gun and shot another student in the ensuing altercation. An 18-year-old suspect is facing charges of attempted murder.|
|January 28, 2014||Nashville, Tennessee||0||1||One student was shot in the leg in an apparent altercation over a gambling debt at Tennessee State University.|
|January 30, 2014||Palm Bay, Florida||0||1||Three students were fighting in a parking lot of Eastern Florida State College and one pulled out a gun and shot another of the students. All three student claimed self-defense.|
|January 31, 2014||Des Moines, Iowa||0||1||After a basketball game at North High School, there was gunfire in a parking lot of the school. Six males in a black jeep had came moments before the shooting and returned at the time it happened. A 15-year-old girl was injured by a ricocheting bullet. While officers were gaining control of the area, teachers on the scene led students into the school building for safety.|
|February 10, 2014||Salisbury, North Carolina||0||1||A 16-year-old student was shot in the stomach on the campus of Salisbury High School during a dispute in the school gym. 17-year-old suspect was charged with assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill inflicting serious injury, possession of a firearm on school property and discharging a weapon on school property.|
|February 10, 2014||Lyndhurst, Ohio||0||0||Five shots were fired in the parking lot of Charles F. Brush High School, including one which hit an unoccupied police car. No one was reported to be injured, though a school basketball game was going on at the time.|
|February 12, 2014||Los Angeles, California||0||1||A male victim was shot in the back in a possible gang-related drive-by shooting near the University of Southern California. The suspect fled into the University Campus. The victim was last reported in stable condition before being transported to a local hospital.|
|February 22, 2014||Augusta, Georgia||0||1||A shooting involving a campus police officer occurred at a Georgia Regents University dormitory complex. A male suspect entered a vehicle and nearly struck an officer, who opened fire. The suspect was taken to Georgia Regents Medical Center with injuries that were not believed to be critical.|
|March 12, 2014||Miami, Florida||1||0||An elementary school teacher was shot and killed outside The Academy of Knowledge Preschool. Police investigators believe the shooting stemmed from an argument the victim had with an unidentified man at a house close to the preschool. The suspect fled the scene and remains at large.|
|March 25, 2014||College Park, Georgia||0||0||An argument between students led to shots being fired in a Benjamin Banneker High School parking lot during the afternoon. Investigators believe multiple people were present when shots were fired, but it was not known how many could face charges for the incident. No one was injured in the shooting.|
|April 9, 2014||Greenville, North Carolina||0||0||Just after the lunch hour, at D. H. Conley High School, a car drove past the school and witnesses said an occupant reached out of a car window and fired shots in the direction of the school. This incident occurred on Worthington and Tull Roads, directly in front of the school. No one was injured.|
|April 11, 2014||Detroit, Michigan||1||0||After a Friday evening student awards ceremony called "Grammy Night", four men who were affiliated with a gang fired into a crowd in the parking lot of East English Village Preparatory Academy; one nineteen-year-old, Darryl Smith, was fatally shot in the head. Smith was not a student at the academy.|
|May 4, 2014||Augusta, Georgia||0||1||Two men fired shots inside a dormitory at Paine College on Sunday, injuring one student in the head. Neither of the suspects were students at the college.|
|May 5, 2014||Augusta, Georgia||0||1||An active shooter situation was reported at Paine College on Monday with one person reported to be shot. The suspect was apparently apprehended and in custody. It was the second shooting incident to occur at the college campus in two days.|
|May 8, 2014||Lawrenceville, Georgia||0||1||A person was shot on a student parking lot roof at Georgia Gwinnett College, receiving an injury. The specific cause has not been identified.|
|May 14, 2014||Richmond, California||0||1||A 14-year-old student was injured during a drive-by shooting in front of John F. Kennedy High School at 8:30 am. He was shot as he was running towards the school campus after a fight took place. The student suffered a serious but stable injury to his leg. Police are searching for a suspect.|
|June 5, 2014||Seattle, Washington||1||3||Three people were shot inside a hallway in Seattle Pacific University. One student died. The gunman was tackled by a student as he was reloading his shotgun, and arrested at the scene. The suspected shooter is identified as 26-year-old Aaron Ybarra.|
|June 10, 2014||Troutdale, Oregon||2||1||At around 8:30 a.m. shots were fired at Reynolds High School. 14-year-old freshman Emilio Hoffman was killed, a physical education teacher was injured, and the gunman, 15-year-old Jared Padgett, exchanged gunfire with police officers and then committed suicide in a restroom stall.|
|September 9, 2014||Miami, Florida||0||1||Towards the end of the school day, one alternative school student in Miami was shot as a small group of students tussled. The injury was minor, requiring hospitalization, and five young adults were later questioned.|
|September 27, 2014||Terre Haute, Indiana||0||1||A 20-year-old Indiana State University student was shot by another student on Saturday inside a residence hall. The injuries were not fatal, and a full recovery was expected. The shooter was arrested on the following day.|
|September 30, 2014||Albemarle, North Carolina||0||1||Two students got in an argument at Albemarle High School around 7:30 a.m. on Tuesday, and one of the students shot the other twice including once in the leg. The student who committed the shooting was allegedly involved in a stabbing of a football player last year at West Montgomery High School, which is only 20 miles (32 km) away in Mount Gilead, North Carolina. The school had held an active shooter training over the summer, which prepared the school for this incident.|
|September 30, 2014||Louisville, Kentucky||0||1||One student was shot and injured at Fern Creek Traditional High School. The incident occurred around 1 p.m., reportedly after student became enraged in a hallway and pulled out a gun. The student was arrested later that day.|
|October 3, 2014||Fairburn, Georgia||1||0||After a homecoming football game, a fatal shooting of Kristofer Hunter, 17, occurred in the Langston Hughes High School parking lot. The assailant, Eric Dana Johnson Jr., 18, turned himself in a week later.|
|October 24, 2014||Marysville, Washington||5||1||Marysville Pilchuck High School shooting. At around 10:39 a.m. PST, officials ordered a lock-down of the school due to a "emergency situation." A gunman, later identified as 15-year-old Jaylen Fryberg, who was a student in the school, shot five students, fatally wounding four, in the school cafeteria before committing suicide.|
|November 20, 2014||Tallahassee, Florida||1||3||At around 12:39 a.m. EST, a gunman opened fired in or near the Strozier Library at Florida State University. Three people suffered gunshot injuries and were taken to a local area hospital. One was in critical condition, another was in good condition, and the third was shortly released after treatment. The gunman, later identified as Myron May, an alumnus from the school, started firing towards responding police officers and was fatally shot by them on the steps of the library.|
|November 20, 2014||Miami, Florida||1||1||Two teens were shot Thursday during a fight on Miami Carol City High School property. One of the boys who was shot died.|
|December 5, 2014||Claremore, Oklahoma||1||0||38-year-old Thomas Floyd Fees, a former Tulsa police officer, fired two gunshots the campus of Rogers State University before committing suicide. He had previously been arrested the day before for entering a female student's dormitory room with observable intent to commit a sexual assault.|
|December 12, 2014||Portland, Oregon||0||3||Rosemary Anderson High School shooting. A gunman shot three students and a man outside Rosemary Anderson High School in north Portland. A 16-year-old girl was in critical condition, while the others suffered minor injuries. Two men, aged 18 and 22, were arrested in connection with the shooting.|
|January 15, 2015||Milwaukee, Wisconsin||0||3||A 15-year-old boy, a student's father, and a teacher were each injured at a Wisconsin Lutheran High School shooting that occurred Thursday night in the school parking lot at Wisconsin Lutheran High School. The student had unspecified injuries that were treated. The father was shot in the knee and the teacher was grazed in the toe. A 36-year-old man was charged in the shooting.|
|January 16, 2015||Ocala, Florida||0||2||Two were injured in gunfire that occurred after a Friday night basketball game. One was injured directly by a bullet, the other by ricocheting glass.|
|February 4, 2015||Frederick, Maryland||0||2||Two students were shot near the gymnasium of Frederick High School during a junior varsity (JV) boy's basketball game. Approximately 200 students, staff, and faculty were placed on lockdown for several hours after the shooting while police searched for the suspects. No suspects have been apprehended, although witnesses report seeing four black males dressed all in black who are considered by police to be suspects in this shooting.|
|February 14, 2015||Merced, California||1||0||A teenager was found shot dead in the parking lot of Tenaya Middle School. The shooting was reported to have occurred after school hours.|
|February 23, 2015||Daytona Beach, Florida||0||3||Two students argued outside the music building at Bethune-Cookman University when one pulled out a gun. Both had guns and it is not disclosed who did the shooting, injuring three students. A reward was offered to help solve this case.|
|March 30, 2015||University City, Missouri||0||1||Police said one person has been arrested for a shooting at Pershing Elementary School. The shooting occurred in the parking lot, with a 34-year-old-man being shot in the buttocks.|
|April 13, 2015||Goldsboro, North Carolina||1||0||A faculty member was shot and killed with a rifle in the school library of Wayne Community College. The suspected 20-year-old gunman, Kenneth Stancil, was arrested in Florida the next day, and is charged with first-degree murder.|
|April 16, 2015||Paradis, Louisiana||0||1||A police officer was shot outside a school in a school zone while he was directing school buses into J.B. Martin Middle School, and the suspect was apprehended at the scene.|
|April 27, 2015||Lacey, Washington||0||0||A 15-year-old student at North Thurston High School walked into the commons area and fired two shots into the ceiling from a .357 magnum pistol. Brady Olson, a teacher at the school, was able to tackle the student before they could turn the gun on other students. No one was injured or killed. The student is facing charges of firing and possessing a gun on school property.|
|May 12, 2015||Jacksonville, Florida||0||2||Police report that a 16-year-old shot five bullets into a school bus and injured two students. Apparently, there was an argument that touched on previous events.|
|May 24, 2015||Flint, Michigan||0||7||In the early morning hours of Memorial Day weekend, a group of people were at Southwestern Classical Academy in the parking lot. Shots rang out and 7 were injured, with two men being apprehended and charged.|
|August 27, 2015||Savannah, Georgia||1||0||22-year-old student Christopher Starks was fatally shot in a student union building at Savannah State University. The shooter has not been identified.|
|September 3, 2015||Sacramento, California||1||2||A man was arguing with at least one other person escalated into a physical fight on the parking lot of Sacramento City College. A man opened fire, killing a 25-year-old student and wounding two others. The shooting suspect has not been arrested.|
|September 30, 2015||Harrisburg, South Dakota||0||1||A principal was shot in the arm and wounded at Harrisburg High School after an argument with a student. The suspect, a 16-year-old student at the school, was taken into custody and is charged with first-degree attempted murder.|
|October 1, 2015||Roseburg, Oregon||10||9||Umpqua Community College shooting: At 10:38 a.m. PDT, a gunman, identified as 26-year-old student Christopher Harper-Mercer, opened fire in a hall on the Umpqua Community College campus, killing eight students and one teacher, and injuring nine others. Mercer then committed suicide after engaging responding police officers in a brief gunfight.|
|October 9, 2015||Flagstaff, Arizona||1||3||One student died and three others were wounded in a shooting at Northern Arizona University. It is unclear what sparked the shooting, which took place near Mountain View Hall, a dormitory that houses most of the campus' students involved in Greek organizations. An 18-year-old student was arrested and charged with murder and aggravated assault.|
|October 9, 2015||Houston, Texas||1||1||One person died and another person was injured after someone opened fire outside a Texas Southern University dorm.|
|October 22, 2015||Nashville, Tennessee||1||3||One person was killed and three others were wounded in a shooting at an outdoor courtyard at Tennessee State University. The shooting may have stemmed from an argument over a dice game. A suspect has not been identified or arrested.|
|November 1, 2015||Winston-Salem, North Carolina||1||1||One person died and another person was injured after someone opened fire on the campus of Winston-Salem State University. A 21-year-old non-student suspect is sought.|
|November 20, 2015||North Las Vegas, Nevada||1||0||A 16-year-old student was fatally shot during a fight after school hours that involved multiple people on the campus of Mojave High School.|
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