List of science fiction films of the 1950s

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A list of science fiction films released in the 1950s. These films include core elements of science fiction, but can cross into other genres. They have been released to a cinema audience by the commercial film industry and are widely distributed with reviews by reputable critics.

This period is sometimes described as the 'classic' era of science fiction theater. Much of the production was in a low-budget form targeted at a teenage audience. Many were formulaic, gimmicky, comic-book style films. They drew upon political themes or public concerns of the day, including depersonalization, infiltration, or fear of nuclear weapons. Invasion was a common theme, as were various threats to humanity.[1]

Two of the films from this decade, The War of the Worlds (1953) and 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954) won Academy Awards, while Destination Moon (1950) and The Incredible Shrinking Man (1957) won Hugo Awards.

List[edit]

1950
Title Director Cast Country Subgenre/Notes
Destination Moon Irving Pichel Warner Anderson, John Archer, Tom Powers United States [nb 1]
Flying Disc Man from Mars Fred C. Brannon Kent Fowler, Gregory Gaye United States Serial film
The Flying Saucer Mikel Conrad Mikel Conrad, Pat Garrison, Hanz von Teuffen United States
The Invisible Monster Fred C. Brannon Stanley Price, Richard Webb, Aline Towne, Lane Bradford United States Serial film
Prehistoric Women Gregg G. Tallas Laurette Luez, Allan Nixon, Joan Shawlee United States
Rocketship X-M Kurt Neumann Lloyd Bridges, Osa Massen, John Emery United States
Two Lost Worlds Norman Dawn, Norman Kennedy James Arness, Laura Elliott United States
1951
Title Director Cast Country Subgenre/Notes
Abbott and Costello Meet the Invisible Man Charles Lamont Bud Abbott, Lou Costello, Nancy Guild United States
Captain Video: Master of the Stratosphere Spencer Gordon Bennet, Wallace Grissell Judd Holdren, Gene Roth United States Serial film
The Day the Earth Stood Still Robert Wise Michael Rennie, Patricia Neal, Hugh Marlowe, Sam Jaffe United States [nb 2]
Five Arch Oboler William Phipps, Susan Douglas, James Anderson United States
Flight to Mars Lesley Selander Marguerite Chapman, Cameron Mitchell, Arthur Franz United States
I'll Never Forget You Roy Ward Baker Tyrone Power, Ann Blyth, Michael Rennie United Kingdom
Lost Continent Sam Newfield Cesar Romero, Hillary Brooke, Chick Chandler United States
Lost Planet Airmen Fred C. Brannon Tristram Coffin, Mae Clarke, I. Stanford Jolley United States [nb 3]
The Man from Planet X Edgar G. Ulmer Robert Clarke, Margaret Field, Raymond Bond United States
The Man in the White Suit Alexander Mackendrick Alec Guinness, Joan Greenwood, Cecil Parker, Michael Gough, Ernest Thesiger United Kingdom
Mysterious Island Spencer Gordon Bennet Richard Crane, Marshall Reed, Karen Randle, Ralph Hodges United States Serial film
Superman and the Mole Men Lee Sholem George Reeves, Phyllis Coates, Jeff Corey United States
The Thing from Another World Christian Nyby Margaret Sheridan, Kenneth Tobey, Robert Cornthwaite United States
Unknown World Terrell O. Morse Bruce Kellogg, Marilyn Nash, Jim Bannon, Otto Waldis United States
When Worlds Collide Rudolph Maté Richard Derr, Barbara Rush, Peter Hansen, John Hoyt United States
1952
Title Director Cast Country Subgenre/Notes
Alraune Arthur Maria Rabenalt Hildegarde Neff, Erich von Stroheim West Germany
April 1, 2000 Wolfgang Liebeneiner Hilde Krahl, Joseph Meinrad, Curd Jürgens Austria [nb 4]
Captive Women Stuart Gilmore Robert Clarke, Margaret Field, Gloria Saunders United States [nb 5]
The Jungle William A. Berke Rod Cameron, Cesar Romero, Marie Windsor United States [2]
Radar Men from the Moon Fred C. Brannon George Wallace, Aline Towne, Roy Barcroft United States Serial film
Red Planet Mars Harry Horner Peter Graves, Andrea King, Orley Lindgren United States
Untamed Women Merle W. Connell, James R. Connell Mikel Conrad, Doris Merrick, Richard Monahan United States
Zombies of the Stratosphere Fred C. Brannon Judd Holdren United States Serial film
1953
Title Director Cast Country Subgenre/Notes
Abbott and Costello Go to Mars Charles Lamont Bud Abbott, Lou Costello, Mari Blanchard United States
Abbott and Costello Meet Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Charles Lamont Bud Abbott, Lou Costello, Boris Karloff United States
The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms Eugène Lourié Paul Christian, Paula Raymond, Cecil Kellaway United States
Cat-Women of the Moon Arthur D. Hilton Sonny Tufts, Victor Jory, Marie Windsor, Carol Brewster United States [nb 6]
Commando Cody: Sky Marshal of the Universe Harry Keller, Franklin Adreon, Fred C. Brannon Judd Holdren, Aline Towne United States Serial film
Donovan's Brain Felix E. Feist Lew Ayres, Gene Evans, Nancy Davis United States
Four Sided Triangle Terence Fisher Barbara Payton, John Van Eyssen, Percy Marmont United Kingdom
Invaders from Mars William Cameron Menzies Jimmy Hunt, Arthur Franz, Helena Carter United States
It Came from Outer Space Jack Arnold Richard Carlson, Barbara Rush, Charles Drake United States
The Lost Planet Spencer Gordon Bennet Judd Holdren, Vivian Mason, Michael Fox United States Serial film
The Magnetic Monster Curt Siodmak Richard Carlson, King Donovan, Harry Ellerbe United States
Mesa of Lost Women Herbert Tevos, Ron Ormond Jackie Coogan, Richard Travis, Allan Nixon, Mary Hill United States
The Neanderthal Man Ewald Andre Dupont Robert Shayne, Doris Merrick, Richard Crane United States
Phantom from Space W. Lee Wilder Ted Cooper, Rudolph Anders, Noreen Nash United States
Port Sinister Harold Daniels James Warren, Lynne Roberts, Paul Cavanagh United States [nb 7]
Project Moonbase Richard Talmadge Donna Martell, Hayden Rorke, Ross Ford United States
Robot Monster Phil Tucker George Nader, Claudia Barrett, Selena Royle United States [nb 8]
Spaceways Terence Fisher Howard Duff, Eva Bartok, Alan Wheatley United Kingdom United States
The Twonky Arch Oboler Hans Conried, Billy Lynn, Gloria Blondell, Janet Warren United States [3]
The War of the Worlds Byron Haskin Gene Barry, Ann Robinson, Les Tremayne, Lewis Martin United States [nb 9]
1954
Title Director Cast Country Subgenre/Notes
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea Richard Fleischer Kirk Douglas, James Mason, Paul Lukas United States [nb 10]
Crash of Moons Hollingsworth Morse Richard Crane, Sally Mansfield, Robert Lyden, Scotty Beckett, Patsy Parsons United States [nb 11]
Creature from the Black Lagoon Jack Arnold Richard Carlson, Julia Adams, Richard Denning, Antonio Moreno United States
Devil Girl from Mars David MacDonald Patricia Laffan, Hugh McDermott, Adrienne Corri United Kingdom
Gojira Ishirō Honda Akira Takarada, Momoko Kôchi, Takashi Shimura Japan
Gog Ivan Tors Richard Egan, Constance Dowling, Herbert Marshall United States
Killers from Space W. Lee Wilder Peter Graves United States
Monster from The Ocean Floor Wyott Ordung Anne Kimball, Stuart Wade, Dick Pinner United States
Riders to the Stars Richard Carlson William Lundigan, Herbert Marshall United States
Snow Creature W. Lee Wilder William Phipps United States
Stranger From Venus Burt Balaban Patricia Neal, Helmut Dantine, Derek Bond United States [4]
Target Earth Sherman A. Rose Richard Denning, Kathleen Crowley, Virginia Grey United States
Them! Gordon Douglas James Whitmore, Edmund Gwenn, Joan Weldon, James Arness United States
Tobor the Great Lee Sholem Charles Drake, Karin Booth, Billy Chapin United States
1955
Title Director Cast Country Subgenre/Notes
The Beast with a Million Eyes David Kramarsky Paul Birch, Lorna Thayer, Dona Cole, Dick Sargent United States [5][6][nb 12]
Bride of the Monster Edward D. Wood, Jr. Bela Lugosi, Tor Johnson, Tony McCoy, Loretta King United States
Creature with the Atom Brain Edward L. Cahn Richard Denning, Angela Greene, S. John Launer United States [7]
Conquest of Space Byron Haskin Walter Brooke, Eric Fleming, Mickey Shaughnessy United States
The Phantom from 10,000 Leagues Dan Milner Kent Taylor, Cathy Downs, Michael Whalen United States
Day the World Ended Roger Corman Richard Denning, Lori Nelson, Paul Birch, Touch Connors United States
Godzilla Raids Again Motoyoshi Oda Hiroshi Koizumi, Minoru Chiaki Japan
It Came from Beneath the Sea Robert Gordon Kenneth Tobey, Faith Domergue, Donald Curtis United States
King Dinosaur Bert I. Gordon Douglas Henderson, Patti Gallagher United States [8][9]
Monster Snowman Ishirō Honda Akira Takarada, Akemi Negishi Japan
The Quatermass Xperiment Val Guest Brian Donlevy, Jack Warner, Richard Wordsworth, Margia Dean United Kingdom [nb 13]
Revenge of the Creature Jack Arnold John Agar, Lori Nelson, John Bromfield, Nestor Paiva United States
Tarantula Jack Arnold John Agar, Mara Corday, Leo G. Carroll, Nestor Paiva United States
This Island Earth Jack Arnold, Joseph Newman Jeff Morrow, Faith Domergue, Rex Reason United States
1956
Title Director Cast Country Subgenre/Notes
1984 Michael Anderson Edmond O'Brien, Jan Sterling, Michael Redgrave, Donald Pleasence United Kingdom
The Beast of Hollow Mountain Edward Nassour, Ismael Rodríguez Guy Madison, Patricia Medina, Carlos Rivas United States
The Black Sleep Reginald Le Borg Basil Rathbone, Akim Tamiroff, Herbert Rudley, Patricia Blake, Lon Chaney, Jr., John Carradine, Bela Lugosi, Tor Johnson United States
The Creature Walks Among Us John Sherwood Jeff Morrow, Rex Reason, Leigh Snowden United States [10]
Earth vs. the Flying Saucers Fred Sears Hugh Marlowe, Joan Taylor, Donald Curtis, Morris Ankrum United States
Fire Maidens from Outer Space Cy Roth Anthony Dexter, Susan Shaw United Kingdom [nb 14]
Forbidden Planet Fred Wilcox Walter Pidgeon, Anne Francis, Leslie Nielsen United States
The Gamma People John Gilling Paul Douglas, Eva Bartok, Leslie Phillips United Kingdom
Godzilla, King of the Monsters! Terrell O. Morse, Ishirô Honda Raymond Burr, Takashi Shimura, Akira Takarada, Kenji Sahara, Momoko Kochi United States Japan
Indestructible Man Jack Pollexfen Lon Chaney, Jr., Max Showalter, Marian Carr United States
Invasion of the Body Snatchers Don Siegel Kevin McCarthy, Dana Wynter, King Donovan United States
It Conquered the World Roger Corman Peter Graves, Beverly Garland, Lee Van Cleef United States
The Man Who Turned to Stone László Kardos Victor Jory, William Hudson United States -
The Mole People Virgil Vogel John Agar, Cynthia Patrick, Hugh Beaumont, Nestor Paiva United States
Sora no Daikaijū Radon (USA title: Rodan) Ishirō Honda Kenji Sahara. Yumi Shirakawa, Yoshifumi Tajima Japan [nb 15]
Uchūjin Tokyo ni Arawaru Koji Shima Keizo Kawasaki, Toyomi Karita, Bin Yagasawa Japan [nb 16]
World Without End Edward Bernds Hugh Marlowe, Nancy Gates, Rod Taylor United States
X the Unknown Leslie Norman Dean Jagger, Edward Chapman, Leo McKern United States United Kingdom
1957
Title Director Cast Country Subgenre/Notes
20 Million Miles to Earth Nathan H. Juran William Hopper, Joan Taylor, Frank Puglia, John Zaremba United States
The 27th Day William Asher Gene Barry, Valerie French, George Voskovec United States
She Devil Kurt Neumann Albert Dekker, Jack Kelly, Mari Blanchard United States
The Amazing Colossal Man Bert I. Gordon Glenn Langan, Cathy Downs, William Hudson United States
The Astounding She-Monster Ronnie Ashcroft Jeanne Tatum, Ewing Brown, Robert Clarke United States
Attack of the Crab Monsters Roger Corman Richard Garland, Pamela Duncan, Russell Johnson United States
Beginning of the End Bert I. Gordon Peter Graves, Peggie Castle, Morris Ankrum United States
The Black Scorpion Edward Ludwig Richard Denning, Mara Corday, Carlos Rivas United States
The Brain from Planet Arous Nathan H. Juran John Agar, Joyce Meadows, Robert Fuller United States [10]
The Cyclops Bert I. Gordon James Craig, Gloria Talbott, Lon Chaney, Jr. United States
The Deadly Mantis Nathan H. Juran Craig Stevens, William Hopper, Alix Talton United States
From Hell It Came Dan Milner Tod Andrews, Tina Carver, Linda Watkins United States
The Giant Claw Fred Sears Jeff Morrow, Mara Corday, Morris Ankrum United States
Half Human Ishirō Honda, Kenneth G. Crane John Carradine, Morris Ankrum Japan United States
The Incredible Shrinking Man Jack Arnold Grant Williams, Randy Stuart, April Kent United States [nb 17]
Invasion of the Saucer Men Edward L. Cahn Steve Terrell, Gloria Castillo, Frank Gorshin, Lyn Osborne United States
The Invisible Boy Herman Hoffman Richard Eyer, Philip Abbott, Diane Brewster United States
Kronos Kurt Neumann Jeff Morrow, Barbara Lawrence, John Emery, George O'Hanlon United States
The Land Unknown Virgil Vogel Jock Mahoney, Shawn Smith, William Reynolds United States
The Monolith Monsters John Sherwood Grant Williams, Lola Albright, Les Tremayne United States
Monster from Green Hell Kenneth G. Crane Jim Davis United States
The Monster That Challenged the World Arnold Laven Tim Holt, Audrey Dalton, Hans Conried United States
The Mysterians Ishirō Honda Kenji Sahara, Yumi Shirakawa, Momoko Kochi Japan
The Night the World Exploded Fred Sears Kathryn Grant, William Leslie, Tristram Coffin United States
Not of This Earth Roger Corman Paul Birch, Beverly Garland, Morgan Jones United States
Quatermass 2 Val Guest Brian Donlevy, John Longden, Sid James United Kingdom [nb 18]
The Secret of Two Oceans Konstantin Pipinashvili Igor Vladimirov, Sergej Golovanov, Sergej Stoljarov Soviet Union [13]
The Strange World of Planet X Gilbert Gunn Forrest Tucker, Gaby Andre, Martin Benson United Kingdom [nb 19]
The Unearthly Brooke Peters John Carradine, Myron Healey, Allison Hayes United States
The Unknown Terror Charles Marquis Warren John Howard, Mala Powers, Paul E. Richards, May Wynn United States
1958
Title Director Cast Country Subgenre/Notes
She Demons Richard E. Cunha Irish McCalla, Tod Griffin, Victor Sen Yung United States
Attack of the 50 Foot Woman Nathan H. Juran Allison Hayes, William Hudson, Yvette Vickers United States
Attack of the Puppet People Bert I. Gordon John Agar, Michael Mark, Jack Kosslyn United States
The Blob Irvin Shortess Yeaworth, Jr. Steve McQueen, Aneta Corsaut, Earl Rowe United States
The Brain Eaters Bruno Ve Sota Ed Nelson, Alan Frost, Jack Hill United States
The Colossus of New York Eugène Lourié Ross Martin, Mala Powers, Charles Herbert United States
The Day the Sky Exploded Paolo Heusch Paul Hubschmid, Fiorella Mari, Gérard Landry, Dario Michaelis France Italy [nb 20]
Doroga K Zvezdam Pavel Klushantsev Georgi Solovyov Soviet Union [14][15]
Earth vs. the Spider Bert I. Gordon Ed Kemmer, Gene Persson, Gene Roth United States
The Electronic Monster Montgomery Tully Rod Cameron, Mary Murphy, Meredith Edwards United Kingdom United States [16]
The Fabulous World of Jules Verne Karel Zeman Lubor Tokoš, Jana Zatloukalová Czech Republic
Fiend Without a Face Arthur Crabtree Kynaston Reeves, Marshall Thompson, Terry Kilburn United Kingdom United States
The Fly Kurt Neumann Vincent Price, Patricia Owens, Herbert Marshall United States
Frankenstein 1970 Howard W. Koch Boris Karloff, Tom Duggan, Jana Lund United States
Frankenstein's Daughter Richard Cunha Donald Murphy, John Ashley, Sandra Knight United States
From the Earth to the Moon Byron Haskin Joseph Cotten, George Sanders, Debra Paget United States
The H-Man Ishirō Honda Yumi Shirakawa, Kenji Sahara, Akihiko Hirata Japan
I Married a Monster from Outer Space Gene Fowler Tom Tryon, Gloria Talbott, Ken Lynch United States
It! The Terror from Beyond Space Edward L. Cahn Marshall Thompson, Shawn Smith, Kim Spalding United States
The Lost Missile Lester William Berke Robert Loggia, Ellen Parker, Phillip Pine United States [17]
Missile to the Moon Richard E. Cunha K. T. Stevens, Richard Travis, Lisa Simone United States
The New Invisible Man Alfredo B. Crevenna Arturo de Córdova, Ana Luisa Peluffo, Raúl Meraz Mexico [18]
Night of the Blood Beast Bernard Kowalski Michael Emmet, Angela Greene, John Baer United States
Queen of Outer Space Edward Bernds Zsa Zsa Gabor, Laurie Mitchell, Eric Fleming United States
"The Space Children" Jack Arnold Adam Williams, Michel Ray, Johnny Crawford, Sandy Descher United States
Space Master X-7 Edward Bernds Robert Ellis, Bill Williams, Lyn Thomas United States
Teenage Cave Man Roger Corman Robert Vaughn, Leslie E. Bradley, Frank de Kova United States
Teenage Monster Jacques R. Marquette Anne Gwynne, Stuart Wade United States [nb 21][19]
The Trollenberg Terror Quentin Lawrence Forrest Tucker, Laurence Payne, Janet Munro United Kingdom [nb 22]
Varan the Unbelievable Ishirō Honda Tsuruko Kobayashi, Kôzô Nomura, Ayumi Sonoda Japan [nb 23]
War of the Colossal Beast Bert I. Gordon Sally Fraser, Dean Parkin, Roger Pace United States
War of the Satellites Roger Corman Susan Cabot, Richard Devon, Eric Sinclair United States [20]
1959
Title Director Cast Country Subgenre/Notes
The 30 Foot Bride of Candy Rock Sidney Miller Lou Costello, Dorothy Provine, Gale Gordon United States
4D Man Irvin Shortess Yeaworth, Jr. Robert Lansing, Lee Meriwether, James Congdon United States
The Angry Red Planet Ib Melchior Gerald Mohr, Les Tremayne, Nora Hayden United States
The Atomic Submarine Spencer Gordon Bennet Arthur Franz, Dick Foran, Brett Halsey United States
Attack of the Giant Leeches Bernard Kowalski Jan Shepard, Gene Roth, Yvette Vickers United States
Ballad of the Ming Tombs Reservoir Jin Shan China [21]
Battle Beyond the Sun Mikhail Kozyry Aleksandr Shvorin, Ivan Pereverzhev Soviet Union
Battle in Outer Space Ishirō Honda Ryo Ikebe, Koreya Senda Japan
The Cosmic Man Herbert Greene Bruce Bennett, John Carradine, Angela Greene United States [22]
First Man into Space Robert Day Marshall Thompson, Marla Landi, Bill Edwards United Kingdom [23]
Giant Gila Monster Ray Kellogg Don Sullivan, Lisa Simone, Fred Graham United States
Gigantis the Fire Monster Paul Schreibman Hiroshi Koizumi United States Japan
Have Rocket, Will Travel David Lowell Rich Jerome Cowan, Anna-Lisa, Curly Joe DeRita United States
The Head Victor Trivas Michel Simon, Horst Frank, Christiane Maybach West Germany [24][25]
The Hideous Sun Demon Robert Clarke Robert Clarke, Patricia Manning, Nan Peterson United States
Invisible Invaders Edward L. Cahn John Agar, Jean Byron, Philip Tonge, Robert Hutton, John Carradine United States
Journey to the Center of the Earth Henry Levin Pat Boone, James Mason, Arlene Dahl, Diane Baker United States
The Killer Shrews Ray Kellogg James Best, Ken Curtis, Ingrid Goude United States
The Manster George Breakston, Kenneth G. Crane Peter Dyneley, Jane Hylton, Satoshi Nakamura, Terri Zimmern Japan United States [26][27]
The Man Who Could Cheat Death Terence Fisher Anton Diffring, Christopher Lee United Kingdom [nb 24]
The Monster of Piedras Blancas Irvin Berwick Les Tremayne, Forrest Lewis, John Harmon United States
Monster on the Campus Jack Arnold Arthur Franz, Joanna Cook Moore United States [28]
On the Beach Stanley Kramer Gregory Peck, Ava Gardner, Fred Astaire United States
Plan 9 from Outer Space Edward D. Wood, Jr. Bela Lugosi, Mona McKinnon, Gregory Walcott, Vampira United States
Return of the Fly Edward Bernds Vincent Price, Brett Halsey, John Sutton United States
Space Invasion of Lapland or Terror in the Midnight Sun Virgil W. Vogel Bengt Blomgren, John Carradine United StatesSweden
Teenagers from Outer Space Tom Graeff David Love, Dawn Anderson, Harvey B. Dunn United States
The Wasp Woman Roger Corman Susan Cabot, Anthony Eisley, Barboura Morris, Michael Mark, Bruno Ve Sota United States
The World, the Flesh and the Devil Ranald MacDougall Harry Belafonte, Inger Stevens, Mel Ferrer United States

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Winner of a Retroactive Hugo Award in 2001.
  2. ^ Winner of a Golden Globe Award for Best Film Promoting International Understanding in 1951.
  3. ^ Assembled from the serial King of the Rocket Men.
  4. ^ Original title: 1 April 2000.
  5. ^ 1956 reissue title: 1000 Years from Now
  6. ^ Alternative title: Rocket to the Moon.
  7. ^ 1957 reissue title: Beast of Paradise Isle.
  8. ^ U.S. 2-D version title: Monster from Mars.
  9. ^ Winner of an Academy Award for Visual Effects in 1953, and a Retroactive Hugo Award in 2004.
  10. ^ Winner of Academy Awards for Visual Effects and Best Art Direction in 1954.
  11. ^ 16mm rental movie.
  12. ^ Uncredited. There is no hint of other directors on the reel, on air or on AMC TV. Co-directed by Lou Place and Roger Corman.
  13. ^ U.S. title: The Creeping Unknown.
  14. ^ U.S. title: Fire Maidens of Outer Space.
  15. ^ US title: Rodan! the Flying Monster.
  16. ^ International title: Warning from Space.
  17. ^ Winner of a Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation in 1958.
  18. ^ U.S. title: Enemy from Space.
  19. ^ U.S. title: The Cosmic Monster.
  20. ^ Italian title: La Morte viene dallo Spazio.
  21. ^ Also called Meteor Monster. Premiered in 1957.
  22. ^ U.S. title: The Crawling Eye.
  23. ^ US revision in 1962: Varan the Unbelievable.
  24. ^ Remake of The Man in Half Moon Street.

References[edit]

  1. ^ King, Geoff; Krzywinska, Tanya (2000). Science fiction cinema: from outerspace to cyberspace. Short cuts. 3. Wallflower Press. pp. 4–7. ISBN 1-903364-03-5. 
  2. ^ G, O. A. (1952-10-02). "On the Trail of Marauding Elephants". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
  3. ^ Erickson, Hal. "The Twonky (1953)". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-10. 
  4. ^ Shearer, Stephen Michael (2006). Patricia Neal: An Unquiet Life. University Press of Kentucky. p. 171–172. ISBN 0-8131-2391-7. 
  5. ^ "The Beast with a Million Eyes (1955)". IMDB. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
  6. ^ Palmer, Randy (1997). Paul Blaisdell, monster maker: a biography of the B movie makeup and special effects artist. McFarland. pp. 30–32. ISBN 0-7864-0270-9. 
  7. ^ Weaver, Tom (2003). Double feature creature attack: a monster merger of two more volumes of classic interviews. McFarland. p. 153. ISBN 0-7864-1366-2. 
  8. ^ Erickson, Hal. "King Dinosaur (1955)". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-10. 
  9. ^ Kinnard, Roy (1988). Beasts and behemoths: prehistoric creatures in the movies. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 74–76. ISBN 0-8108-2062-5. 
  10. ^ a b The Staff & Friends of Scarecrow Video (2004). The Scarecrow Movie Guide. Seattle: Sasquatch Books. pp. 630–723. ISBN 1-57061-415-6. 
  11. ^ Warren, Bill (1997). Keep Watching the Skies (Reprint ed.). McFarland & Company. p. 397. ISBN 0-7864-0479-5. 
  12. ^ Brennan, Sandra. "The Man Who Turned to Stone". Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
  13. ^ ru:Тайна двух океанов (фильм)
  14. ^ Wade, Mark. "Road to the Stars". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-04-02. 
  15. ^ "Doroga K Zvezdam". NFA Catalogue. British Film Institute. Retrieved 2009-04-02. 
  16. ^ Dixon, Wheeler W. (2006). Visions of paradise: images of Eden in the cinema. Rutgers University Press. pp. 177–178. ISBN 0-8135-3798-3. 
  17. ^ Mitchell, Charles P. (2001). A guide to apocalyptic cinema. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 120–128. ISBN 0-313-31527-2. 
  18. ^ Firsching, Robert. "The New Invisible Man". AllMovie. Retrieved 2009-04-02. 
  19. ^ "Overview for Teenage Monster (1958)". Vault Collection. Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2009-07-02. 
  20. ^ Brennan, Sandra. "War of the Satellites". AllMovie. Retrieved 2009-04-03. 
  21. ^ Fredriksson, Linus (3 June 2015). China and Cinematic Science Fiction: A Lost Genre. Lund, Sweden: Lund University: Centre for Language and Literature, Film Studies. pp. 11–12, 22, 29, 31. Retrieved 26 December 2015. 
  22. ^ Horwath, Alexander; Elsaesser, Thomas; King, Noel (2004). The last great American picture show: new Hollywood cinema in the 1970s. Amsterdam University Press. pp. 168–169. ISBN 90-5356-631-7. 
  23. ^ Pomerance, Murray (2004). Bad: Infamy, Darkness, Evil, and Slime on Screen. SUNY Press. pp. 50–51. ISBN 0-7914-5940-3. 
  24. ^ Frayling, Christopher (2005). Mad, bad and dangerous?: the scientist and the cinema. Reaktion Books. p. 27. ISBN 1-86189-255-1. 
  25. ^ Mannikka, Eleanor. "The Head". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-04-07. 
  26. ^ Hogan, David J. (1997). Dark Romance: Sexuality in the Horror Film. McFarland. p. 13. ISBN 0-7864-0474-4. 
  27. ^ Erickson, Hal. "The Manster". AllMovie. Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  28. ^ Hendershot, Cynthia (2001). I was a Cold War monster: horror films, eroticism, and the Cold War imagination. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 83. ISBN 0-87972-849-3. 
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