List of scooter manufacturers

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Note there is no single fixed definition of a scooter (also known by the full name motor-scooter), but generally a smaller motorcycle with a step-through frame is considered a scooter, especially if it has a floor for the rider's feet (as opposed to straddling the vehicle like a conventional motorcycle). Other common traits of scooters can include: bodywork (so the mechanicals are not exposed like a conventional motorcycle), motors combined with the suspension or wheel (rather than attached to the frame like a conventional motorcycle), leg shields, smaller wheels than a conventional motorcycle, and an alternative to a chain drive.[1]

Scooters share traits with mopeds, and some models could even be considered both a moped and a scooter. Adding to the confusion in many areas most scooters are road registered in the same category originally designed for mopeds (and often still called "moped" class), leading to scooters being referred to as "mopeds" in such areas.[2] Underbones also share traits with scooters (eg small and step-through design), but they are generally not strictly considered scooters in the purest sense as they do not have a floor, but they are often casually referred to as scooters (especially ones with leg shields).

Scooter brands in production[edit]

Manufacturer / brand Nationality Group / notes
Adiva Italy/Taiwan ADIVA S.r.l. - Maxiscooters (200-400) with a foldable roof; initial scoters in 2000 were collaborations with Benelli.[3] Largely Taiwanese built range.
Adly Taiwan Her Chee Industrial Co Ltd; previously US market brands included AMS, Jui Li, and Grycner (using German supplied Sachs 505 engines). Currently Taiwanese built range.
Aeon Taiwan Aeon Motor
AJS United Kingdom Manufactured in China (from 2002)[4][5]
Aprilia Italy Piaggio & C. SpA.
Askoll Italy Askoll Group; all electric range[6]
Avangan Iran Manufacturer of electric scooters
Bajaj India Bajaj Auto Ltd; 1960s licensed Vespa models, from 1971 unlicensed Vespa-like scooters
Baotian China Baotian Motorcycle Industrial Co. Ltd, or Jiangmen Sino-HongKong Baotian Motorcycle Industrial Co. Ltd.
Bashan China Bashan Motorcycle Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
Beeline Austria Hans Leeb GmbH; brand selling Asian sourced scooters[7]
Benelli (1995 relaunch) Italy Qianjiang Motorcycle (Geely Holding Group)
Benzhou (Yiying & Zunlong) China Benzhou Vehicle Industry Group Co., Ltd.; brands are Yiying and Zunlong[8]
Beta Italy
BMW Germany BMW Motorrad
Boom Taiwan
Čezeta (2018 relaunch) Czech Republic Čezeta Motors S.R.O.
CFMOTO China Partners with KTM
CPI Taiwan CPI Motor Company[9][circular reference]
Chicago Scooter Company United States Genuine Scooter Company; US brand of Chinese manufactured scooters
Dafra Brazil Itavema Group; assembler of various Asian manufactured scooters
Daelim / DNA Motors South Korea Formerly named Daelim Motor Company and Daelim Motorcycle, renamed DNA Motors in 2021; however the Daelim brand name is still used in some markets (eg UK).
Derbi Spain Piaggio & C. SpA.
Di Blasi Industriale Italy Range of folding mopeds[10]
Doohan China Dual-front-wheel electric scooters[11]
Explorer Germany? Brand selling Asian sourced scooters, including Qianjiang Motorcycle
Forza New Zealand Forza NZ; NZ brand of Asian manufactured scooters including Baotian models (not to be confused with the Honda Forza scooter)
Garelli (relaunched) Italy All electric; produced by Baotian[12]
Genuine United States Genuine Scooter Company; US brand selling Asian manufactured scooters, notably Taiwanese PGO Scooters; includes the Buddy model range.
GOVECS Germany/Poland All electric range; based in Germany, manufactured in Poland
Gilera Italy Piaggio & C. SpA.
Gogoro Taiwan Gogoro Inc.
Haojin China Guangzhou Haojin Motorcycle Co., Ltd.
Hartford Taiwan Hartford Industrial Co, Ltd[13]
Hero India Hero MotoCorp
Honda Japan Honda Motor Co., Ltd.; manufactured in various plants including in Japan and Thailand
Hunted Scooters Australia Aeon Motor[14] Australian brand selling Asian manufactured scooters.
Jialing China Guangdong Jialing Motorcycle Co., Ltd.[15]
Jianshe China Shanghai Jianshe Motorcycle Co., Ltd.[16]
Jonway China Zhejiang Jonway Motorcycle Manufacturing Co., Ltd.; petrol and electric scooters[17]
JMI Germany Electric Scooters and Motorcycles Made in EU[18]
Junak Poland
Kawasaki Japan Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Keeway China Export brand of Qianjiang Motorcycle
KR Motors (Hyosung) South Korea KR Motors Co. Ltd, formerly a division of the Hyosung Group and manufactured products sold as Hyosung brand, part of LVMC Holdings (2014).
KSR Moto Austria KSR Group GmbH; Austrian brand selling Asian scooters; in 2012 they developed their own model
Kymco Taiwan Kwang Yang Motor Co, Ltd
Lambretta (2018 relaunch) Switzerland Lambretta GmbH (joint venture of the Swiss Lambretta Consortium/Innocenti SA. and the Austrian KSR Group); V models designed by Austrian firm Kiska, and produced in Asia based on SYM mechanicals.
Lance United States US brand selling Asian manufactured scooters, SYM (Taiwanese) manufactured since 2009[19]
Lifan China Lifan Industry (Group) Co., Ltd.; production facilities in various countries
Linlong China Shanghai Jianshe Motorcycle Co., Ltd.[16]
Longjia China Ningbo Longjia Motorcycle Co., Ltd.
Lohia Machinery Limited (LML) India
Loncin China Manufactured by Longxin Motorcycle Industry Co., Ltd a subsidiary of Loncin Holdings; uses brand names Italika (Mexico), AKT (Colombia), Viper (Ukraine), Minsk (Russia & Belarus), and Zanella (Argentina)
Mahindra India Mahindra Two Wheelers, a division of Mahindra & Mahindra
Malaguti Italy KSR Group GmbH (Austria); relaunched 2018 after a 2011 bankruptcy[20]
MBK (formerly Motobécane) France Yamaha
Modenas Malaysia
Moto United States US brand (of the US Tomos distributor) for selling Asian manufactured electric scooters[21]
Motorini United Kingdom? Brand of Asian made scooters[22] (not to be confused with Moto Morini)
MZ Germany
NIU China All electric range[23]
Peugeot France Joint venture between Mahindra and Mahindra and PSA
PGO Scooters Taiwan Motive Power Industry
Piaggio Italy Piaggio & C. SpA.; Production facilities in Italy and China
Rex Germany/China German brand of Asian sourced scooters made by Baotian and Jinan Qingqi[24]
Rivero Germany Demharter GmbH; German brand of Asian sourced scooters[25]
Raine Scooters Australia Australian brand of Asian sourced scooters[26]
Rieju Spain
Royal Alloy China/UK Assembled in China and Thailand. Royal Alloy is the registered brand of RA Engineering Company Ltd. (a UK company directed by[27] the director of Hanway Motor, China, one of the Royal Alloy manufacturers). Imported and distributed by MotoGB in the UK[28]
RUSI Philippines Philippine brand of Chinese sourced scooters[29]
Qianjiang China Qianjiang Motorcycle
Qingqi China Jinan Qingqi Motorcycle Co., Ltd
SFM (formerly Sachs) Germany
Scomadi United Kingdom Scomadi Worldwide Ltd; UK designed, assembled in Thailand with Asian components[30]
Shineray China Chongqing Shineray Motorcycle CO., Ltd
Sinnis China Jinan Qingqi Motorcycle Co., Ltd
Solifer Finland Solifer Oy; once a manufacturer (1950s-1980s), scooters are now all Chinese imports
SYM Taiwan
Suzuki Japan Suzuki Motor Corporation; manufactured in various plants including in Japan, China (including Jincheng Group), and India[31]
Tell Switzerland Brand of supermarket chain Landi; scooters are Chinese sourced
Taiwan Golden Bee (TGB) Taiwan
Tao Motors (TaoTao) China China imports[32][33]
TNT China Brand used in France, Italy and New Zealand; manufactured by Ningbo Longjia Motorcycle Co., Ltd.
TVS India Sundaram - Clayton Limited
Unu Germany All electric range
Ujet Luxembourg All electric range. Centreless wheel.
Veleco Poland Brand manufactured by Veleco Jakub Marek.[34] Mostly a mobility scooter manufacturer, at least one road model has been sold using a Bosch electric motor.
Vespa Italy Piaggio & C. SpA.; engine plant in Italy;[35] bodies built in various locations including Italy and Vietnam
Vitacci USA/China USA based company selling China sourced imports[36]
Vostok Spain All electric range by Vostok Electric[37]
Warivo India Warivo motor is an Indian brand of electric scooter of which material is mainly sourced from China[38]
Wasp Scooters Australia Aeon Motor[39] Retro styled scooter with Asian mechanicals using the same body (and possibily mechnicals) as the Motom LN[40] and Sachs LN151.[41]
Wolf Brand Scooters United States US brand selling Asian manufactured scooters; previously called Gorilla Motor Works[42]
Xingyue China
Yamaha Japan Yamaha Corporation
Yiying China Manufactured by Benzhou Vehicle Industry Group Co., Ltd. and Taizhou Huangyan Yiying Motorcycle Co., Ltd.[43]
Zhongyu China Jiangmen Zhongyu Motor (Group) Co., Ltd.[44]
Zongshen China Chongqing Zongshen Power Machinery Company; has a relationship with Piaggio through Zongshen Piaggio Foshan Motorcycle Co.,Ltd[45]
Znen China Zhongneng Vehicle Group Co., Ltd.; petrol and electric scooters. Sold under numerous brands including Jinlun (worldwide), Lexmoto (UK), Tamoretti (UK, Netherlands), Dorton (Spain), Mondial (Turkey), and in the USA Paparazzi's, Flyscooters, Lance, and BMS. Owners of Moto Morini.
Zunlong China Manufactured by Benzhou Vehicle Industry Group Co., Ltd. and Taizhou Huangyan Yiying Motorcycle Co., Ltd.[46]
Z Electric Vehicle USA All electric range

Scooter brands and manufacturers no longer in scooter production[edit]

  • Accumolli (1950), Piaggio powered — Italy[47]
  • Achilles (1953—1957) — West Germany[48]
  • ACMA (Vespa) (1951—1962), Ateliers de Construction de Motocycles et Accessoires — France[49]
  • Adonis (1949—1952), Société du Scooters Adonis; 50 and 75cc VAP engines — France[50]
  • Aermacchi (1951—1969) — Italy[51]
  • Aermoto (1938—1940), Sachs powered — Italy[52]
  • Agrati (1958—1965), Merged with Garelli in 1961, scooters branded as Garelli Capri from 1965 — Italy[53]
  • Allstate, Brand of retailer Sears; manufactured by Cushman or Piaggio and others — USA
  • American Motor Scooter Corporation (1960—1965), Clinton powered folding "suitcase" scooters; Founded by USA Lambretta parts dealer, taken over by American Lincoln Corporation[54] — USA
  • Allwyn (1974—?), the Pushpak model was a Lambretta GP based scooter manufactured by Andhra Pradesh Scooters Limited, who later also made licensed Vespa PL170s (1983-1986) — India
  • Arctic Cat (2000s) — USA
  • Ardent (1949—1954), Manufacture Française des Scooters Ardents; initially motorcycle scooter hybrids; Le Poulain and VAP engines — France[50]
  • Auteco Lambretta / Auteco (1954—1970s), licensed Lambrettas; (1990s), Bajaj importers — Colombia
  • Autoglider (1919—1922) — United Kingdom[55]
  • (API) Lambretta / API (1955—1990) — India
  • Bernardet (1948—1959) — France[56][50]
  • BSA (1958—1965) — United Kingdom[57][58]
  • Bitri (1955—1964) — Netherlands[59]
  • Bond (1957—1962), Makers of Bond Minicars; Villiers powered — United Kingdom[60]
  • Brumana Pugliese (1970—1980), Lambretta models plus its own models — Brazil
  • Busi (1940—1951) — Italy[61]
  • Cagiva — Italy
  • Cazenave (1954—1960), Mistral and Ydral engines — France
  • Čezeta (CZ), (1957—1964) — Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic)[62]
  • Concord (1950s), See Manurhin below — France
  • Cushman (1936—1965) — USA
  • Cycle-Scoot (1950s) — USA
  • Danmotor Vespa Indonesia (1970s), Licensed Vespa 90cc and 150cc models — Indonesia
  • DKR (1957—1967), DKR Company formed by Day & Robinson of Willenhall Radiators, and Cyril Kieft, Villiers engined. — United Kingdom[63]
  • DKW (1921—1922, 1954—1957) — Germany / West Germany[64]
  • DMW (1957—1967) — United Kingdom
  • Doodle Bug (1946—1948), Brand of retailer Gambles store chain — USA
  • (Douglas) Vespa (1951—1965) — United Kingdom
  • Ducati — Italy
  • Durkopp (1954—1960) — West Germany[65][48]
  • FAKA (1952—1957), Took over production of Walba scooters — West Germany[66]
  • (Fenwick) Lambretta (1951—1960) — France
  • FIAMC (Fabbrica Italiana Auto Moto Cicli) (1950s) — Italy[67]
  • Fly (2006—2010), Distributors of Chinese built scooters — USA
  • Garelli (1965—1970), post-merger re-branding of the Agrati Capri — Italy[68]
  • Generic (2000s), Former brand of Austrian KSR Group used for Asian imports — Austria
  • Glas Gogo (1950—1967) — West Germany[69]
  • Guizzo (1955—1964), built by Palmieri & Gulinelli of Bologna — Italy[70][67]
  • Harley-Davidson — USA
  • Heinkel (1953—1965) — West Germany
  • Hercules (1950s—1970s), Absorbed into Sachs in the late 1950s — West Germany[48]
  • Indian — USA
  • Iso (1948—1957) — Italy[71]
  • Italjet (1998—2003) Italjet Dragster. A rebooted Dragster has been displayed, and planned to be in production from early 2021.[72] — Italy
  • IWL (1955—1965) — East Germany[73]
  • James — United Kingdom
  • Jawa — Czechoslovakia / Czech Republic
  • Jonghi (1953—1957) — France[74][75][76]
  • Kieft (1955—1957), Importer and distributor of the German Hercules Company mopeds and scooters; Succeeded by the DKR Company — United Kingdom[63]
  • Kinetic (1998—2008) — India
  • Kinetic Honda (1984—1998) — India
  • Kreidler — Germany
  • KTM — Austria
  • Lacombe (1948—1954), P.P. Roussey two-stroke engines; also known as the Comindus. — France[50]
  • Lambretta (Innocenti parent factory) (1947—1972) — Italy
  • Lambretta do Brasil (1955—1964) — Brazil
  • Lamby (1977—1990), brand of API — India
  • Laverda (1960—1962), models included Mini 60 and Mini-Scooter.[77] (2000—2004), re-branded Asian sourced scooters — Italy
  • Lohner (1950—1963), Rotax-Sachs and ILO engines;[78] Merged with the Rotax engine company to form Lohner-Rotax in 1959 — Austria
  • MAC (1972—1977), brand of API — India
  • Maico-letta (1955—1966) — West Germany
  • Manurhin (1952—1962), Initially a licensed DKW Hobby scooter; sold in the UK as Concord brand — France[79]
  • Mercury (1956—1958) (not to be confused with USA Mercury) — United Kingdom[80][81]
  • Messerschmitt — Germany
  • Meteora (1950s), NSU powered — Italy[82]
  • Mitsubishi (1946—1963) — Japan[83]
  • Molot (1999—?), See Vyatka below — Russia[84]
  • Monark (1957—1969) — Sweden
  • Motobi (1963—1968), 50 and 100cc scooters;[85] Relaunched by Austrian partnership in 2010 including a scooter line — Italy
  • Motoflash (1950s) — Italy[67]
  • Motobloc / Riva Sport Industries (RSI) (1950s), Initially sold the Swiss AMI scooter as the Ami Motobloc. The Sulky was developed with RSI — France[86]
  • Moto Guzzi (1950—1966) — Italy
  • Motovespa (1953—2000), licensed Vespas, taken over by Piaggio — Spain
  • MV Agusta (1950s) — Italy
  • Nibbio (1947—1952), Initially manufactured by Gianca, transferring to San Christopher in 1949 — Italy[87][67]
  • NSU (1951—1956), licensed Lambretta 125cc LC; (1956—1969), their own Prima range — Germany[88]
  • N-Zeta (1960s) — New Zealand
  • Paloma (1954—1969), Etablissements Michel Humblot; Acquired by Cazenave in 1964 — France[50]
  • Parilla (1950s) — Italy
  • (Pasco) Lambretta (1964—1970) — Brazil
  • Peirspeed, Re-badged TGB — USA
  • Piatti (1954—1957) — Belgium / United Kingdom[89]
  • Powell Manufacturing Company (1940s) — USA
  • Prina (1949—1954) — Italy[67]
  • Puch — Austria
  • Rabbit, Brand of Fuji Heavy Industries — Japan
  • Ravat — France[49]
  • Reynolds Runabout (1919—1924), Jackson Car Manufacturing Co and later by A. W. Wall — United Kingdom[90]
  • Riverside (1960s), Brand of retailer Montgomery Ward manufactured by various imported makes — USA
  • Rumi (1954—1969) — Italy
  • Schwinn — USA
  • Scootavia (1951—1956) — France[91]
  • Scoto (1949—1950), Moped/scooter hybrid built by MGT (Million-Guiet-Tubauto) — France[50]
  • Scotta (1952—1953), 125cc Motorcycle/scooter hybrid — France[50]
  • (Serveta) Lambretta / Lambretta SAL (1954—1989) — Spain
  • Siam-bretta (1948—1970), Licence built Lambrettas — Argentina
  • Siamoto (1996—1999) — Italy
  • SICRAF (Paul Vallée Motos) (1949—1954), Societe Industrielle de Construction et de Recherches Automobiles de France; Aubier-Dunne and Ydral engines — France[50]
  • SIL (1972—1996), Lambretta GP/DL made with plant acquired from the defunct Lambretta — India
  • SIM (Società Italiana Motoscooters) / SIM-Moretti (1953—1955) — Italy[92]
  • Simard (1951—1954), Ydral and AMC engines — France[93]
  • Simonetta / San Cristoforo (1952—1954), Later version of the Nibbio built by San Cristoforo under licence from Ravat of France — Italy[67][94]
  • Simson (1955—2002) — East Germany / Germany
  • Stewart (1959—1963), acquired by BSA — New Zealand[95]
  • Strolch/Progress (1950—1960), Models included Rascal, Vagabond, Little Monkey. Name was changed to Progress in 1954 — West Germany[96]
  • Sun / Raleigh (1957—1960), Sun Cycle & Fittings Co Ltd was absorbed by Raleigh Industries in 1958 — United Kingdom[97]
  • Swallow (1946—1951) — United Kingdom[98]
  • Tamoto (1949—1951) Motorcycle/scooter hybrids — France[50]
  • Tempo (1957—1959), Sachs powered; produced at Progress-Werke-Oberkirch AG in Germany — Norway[99]
  • Terrot (1952—1957) — France[100]
  • Tomos / Tomos Puch (1950s—?), Moped manufacturer with scooter-like models and a license built Puch scooter. Bankrupt 2019[101] — Slovenia (former Yugoslavia)[102][103]
  • TN'G — USA
  • Toscane (1947) — Italy[104]
  • Triumph (1959—1970) — United Kingdom[105][106]
  • TWN (Triumph-Werk Nurnberg AG) (1955) — Germany[107]
  • "Tula" / TMZ (1955—1989) Initially based on the German Goggo TA200, Tula also made three-wheeled scooters — USSR (Russia)[108][109][circular reference]
  • Vectrix — USA
  • Velocette (1960—1964) — United Kingdom
  • Vento — USA
  • Venus (1953—1955) — Germany[110]
  • Vivani (1952) — Italy[111]
  • Vyatka (1956—1979; 1999—?) Initially an unlicensed copy of the Vespa 150;[112] In 1999 Vyatskiye Polyany Machine-Building Plant was renamed Molot and started production of the Strizh scooter,[84] but by 2017 was struggling financially[113] — USSR (Russia) / Russia
  • Walba (1949—1952), One of the first post-war German scooters, production taken over by FAKA — West Germany[114]
  • WFM (1959—1965) Manufacturers of the Osa scooter, the Polish People's Republic's only native scooter — Poland
  • Zeta (1948—1954) — Italy[67]ki
  • ZID (2000s) Degtyaryov Plant motorcycle manufacturer sold Lifan based scooters until at least 2018[115][116] — Russia
  • Zündapp (1953—1964) — West Germany

See also[edit]

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