List of seaplane carriers by country

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The list of seaplane carriers by country includes seaplane carriers and tenders organized by country of origin and service.

Australia[edit]

France[edit]

  • Foudre: Converted Torpedo boat Tender in service as a seaplane carrier from 1914 to 1918
  • Compinas: Converted merchant ship in service as a seaplane tender from 1915 to 1916
  • Nord: Converted merchant ship in service as a seaplane tender from 1915 to 1919
  • Pas-de-Calais: Converted merchant ship in service as a seaplane tender from 1915 to 1919
  • Rouen: Converted merchant ship in service as a seaplane tender from 1916 to 1919
  • Petrel-class: Eight light inshore seaplane tenders in service from 1931 into World War II
  • Commandant Teste: Seaplane transport and tender in service from 1932 to 1942
  • Belfort: Converted Amiens-class sloop in service from 1939 to 1946
  • Diligente: Converted Friponne-class sloop in service during 1940
  • Paul Goffeny: Former German tug type seaplane tender in service from 1948 to 1955
  • Robert Giraud: Former German tug type seaplane tender in service from 1948 to 1963
  • Marcel le Bihan: Seaplane support ship from 1948 to 1961
Aircraft carrying submarine
  • Surcouf: Aircraft carrying submarine in service from 1934 to 1942

Germany[edit]

World War I seaplane carriers[edit]

Civil Tender type catapult seaplane tenders[edit]

World War II seaplane tenders (Kriegsmarine)[edit]

Italy[edit]

  • Giuseppe Miraglia seaplane carrier (converted from train ferry shortly after launch), 1923 - 1950
  • Europa (1895) (merchantman converted to seaplane carrier) - stricken 1920

Japan[edit]

Portugal[edit]

  • SS Cubango - cargo ship converted in a seaplane tender in 1931

Spain[edit]

  • Dedalo 9,900 ton ex-German cargo ship Neuenfels 1901, transferred to Spain 1921, converted to seaplane carrier 1922. Scrapped 1 March 1940

Russia[edit]

Russia is one of birthplaces of naval aviation. Catchinskaia school of aviators (near Sevastopol) began to work in 1910 under the patronage of Admiral, Grand Duke Aleksandr Michailowich (Romanov-dynasty). Ships:

  • Almaz - Russian for "Diamond". Light (3d rank) cruiser of The Russian Imperial Navy. Veteran of the Tsushima Battle. Transferred from Far East to Black Sea Fleet. Participated in the 1914 Battle of Cape Sarytch (against "Goeben") and First Bombardment of Bosphorus 28 March 1915. In November 1914 converted to hydrocruiser (hydro aircraft carrier). Seaplanes from Almaz provide bombardment the targets on the Turkish and Bulgarian shores. After the October Revolution ship acquired a terrible reputation as a floating prison, where in 1918 revolutionary sailors executed the enemies of the revolution - officers, merchants and other "bourgeois" and "counter-revolutionaries".
  • Imperator Nikolai Pervij - Russian for "Emperor Nicholas The First". Hydro-avia-transport of the Black Sea Fleet. Aircraft from cruiser supported Army assaults on Caucasian Front, participated in Trapesund landings 1916.
  • Princessa Maria - hydro-avia-transport of the Black Sea Fleet, converted from a Romanian liner.
  • Orlitsa - Russian for "She-Eagle", hydro-avia-transport of the Baltic Fleet. Attached to the Sea Force Riga Gulf. The day 16 of July 1916 when M-9s from "Orlitsa" engaged in a battle with four German sea planes and shot down two, is now celebrated in Russia as the Day of Naval Aviation.
  • Imperator Trajan - Russian for "Emperor Trajan", hydro-avia-transport of the Black Sea Fleet, converted from Romanian steamer. Take active service during WWI Black Sea Campaign.
  • Dacia - hydro-avia-transport of the Black Sea Fleet. Converted from a Romanian steamer. Take active service during WWI Black Sea Campaign.
  • Imperator Alexandr Pervij - Russian "Emperor Alexander The First", hydro-avia-transport of the Black Sea Fleet. Converted from a merchant steamer. Sea planes from "Alexander I" and "Nicholas I" 24.01.1916 participated in bombing Turkish port of Zonguldack and sinking transports there. Later participated in Trapesund landings - aircraft from the ship covered landing ships and acted as artillery observers for the battleships.
  • Ruminia - Russian for "Romania". Hydro-avia-transport of the Black Sea Fleet. Converted from Romanian merchant steamer.
  • Communa - one of the hydro-avia-transports of the Bolshevik Volga Military Flotilla during the Russian Civil War. Participated in fighting against White movement fleets and armies on the Volga river.

Sweden[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

  • HMS Hermes protected cruiser converted to seaplane carrier in 1913
  • HMS Ben-my-Chree packet steamer converted to seaplane carrier in 1915
  • HMS Engadine packet ship converted to seaplane tender in 1914
  • HMS Campania ocean liner converted to seaplane tender in 1915
  • HMS Ark Royal first purpose-built seaplane carrier, commissioned 1914
  • HMS Riviera (1914–1919) packet ship converted to seaplane tender in 1914
  • HMS Empress (1914–1919) packet ship converted to seaplane carrier in 1914
  • HMS Raven II freighter used as seaplane carrier
  • HMS Anne freighter used as seaplane carrier
  • HMS M2 - M-class submarine converted to carry a seaplane in 1927
  • HMS Hermes protected cruiser modified to carry seaplanes in 1913
  • HMS Vindex passenger ferry converted to seaplane carrier 1915
  • HMS Manxman steamer converted to seaplane carrier in 1916
  • HMS Pegasus purchased incomplete and converted to seaplane carrier 1917

United States[edit]

Yugoslavia[edit]

  • Zmaj entered service in 1930, converted to minelayer in 1937

Notes and references[edit]