List of seaplanes and amphibious aircraft

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Three Canadair CL-215 amphibious flying boats

The following is a list of seaplanes and amphibious aircraft, which includes floatplanes and flying boats, by country of origin.

Seaplanes are any aircraft that has the capability of landing on water while amphibians are equipped with wheels to alight on land, as well as being able to land on the water. Flying boats rely on the fuselage or hull for buoyancy, while floatplanes rely on external pontoons or floats. Some experimental aircraft used specially designed skis to skim across the water but did not always have a corresponding ability to float.

This list does not include ekranoplans, 'Wing-In-Ground-effect' (WIG), water-skimmers, wingships or similar vehicles reliant on ground effect.



Austro-Hungarian Lohner L.1 patrol flying boat from World War 1




Canadian-Vickers Vedette forestry patrol flying boat
Noorduyn Norseman bushplane


Harbin Sh-5


  • Aero A-29 - biplane floatplane target tug (1927)
  • Letov Š-328V 2-seat floatplane reconnaissance and target tug (1936)



Deperdussin Monocoque
"Le Canard"
Latécoere 300 Croix-du-Sud operated by Air France


Albatros W.IV floatplane fighter
Arado Ar 196 with wings folded being hoisted aboard a warship
  • Arado SSD I - biplane catapult-capable floatplane fighter (1930)
  • Arado W II – two-seat twin-engine monoplane floatplane trainer (1928)
  • Arado Ar 66 - training biplane floatplane variant (1932)
  • Arado Ar 95 – two-seat coastal patrol and light attack floatplane (1937)
  • Arado Ar 196 – two-seat shipboard and coastal patrol floatplane (1937)
  • Arado Ar 199 - two-seat floatplane trainer (1939)
  • Arado Ar 231 – single-seat u-boat reconnaissance floatplane (1941)
Blohm und Voss Bv 138 patrol flying boat
Blohm und Voss Bv 222 transport flying boat
Dornier Wal flying boat during Roald Amundsen's North Pole flight
Dornier DO X
Gotha WD.2
Hansa-Brandenburg CC floatplane fighter
Hansa-Brandenburg W.29 two-seat World War I floatplane fighter
Heinkel He 58 mailplane being loaded on liner Europa
Norwegian Heinkel He 115
Junkers W.34 bushplane on floats
Rohrbach Ro V Rocco all-metal flying boat


CANT Z.501 Gabbiano reconnaissance flying boat
  • Bastianelli P.R.B. – transport flying boat (1921)
  • CANT 6 – maritime patrol flying boat (1925)
  • CANT 7 – trainer flying boat (1924)
  • CANT 10 – airliner flying boat (1925)
  • CANT 18 – trainer flying boat (1926)
  • CANT 22 – airliner flying boat (1927)
  • CANT 25 – fighter flying boat (1927)
Caproni Ca.60 triple triplane flying boat
Caproni CA.100
World War 1 Macchi M.5 sesquiplane fighter
Macchi M.67 Schneider Trophy racer
Macchi MC.94 transport flying boat
Piaggio P.7 racing seaplane which used hydrofoils for landing and take-off
SIAI Marchetti S.21 Schneider racer
  • SIAI S.8 – two-seat reconnaissance flying boat (1917)
  • SIAI S.9 – reconnaissance flying boat (1918)
  • SIAI S.12 – reconnaissance bomber flying boat (1918)
  • SIAI S.13 – reconnaissance and fighter flying boat (1919)
  • SIAI S.16 – passenger or bomber-reconnaissance flying boat (1919)
  • SIAI S.17 – racing seaplane (1920)
  • SIAI S.19 – racing seaplane (1920)
  • SIAI S.21 – racing flying boat (1921)
  • SIAI S.22 – twin-engined racing flying boat (1921)
  • SIAI S.51 – racing seaplane (1922)
  • SIAI S.58 – fighter flying boat prototype (1924)
  • SIAI S.67 – fighter flying boat (1930)
Savoia-Marchetti S.55P


Aichi M6A Seiran submarine-launched bomber
  • Aichi AB-6 – prototype single-engined reconnaissance floatplane (1933)
  • Aichi E11A – night reconnaissance flying boat Laura (1937)
  • Aichi E13A – long-range reconnaissance floatplane Jake (1938)
  • Aichi E16A Zuiun – long-range reconnaissance floatplane Paul (1942)
  • Aichi H9A – twin-engined training flying boat (1940)
  • Aichi M6A Seiran – submarine-borne attack aircraft (1943)
  • Hiro H1H – maritime reconnaissance/bomber flying boat (1920s)
  • Hiro H2H – maritime reconnaissance biplane flying boat (1930)
  • Hiro H4H – maritime reconnaissance/bomber flying boat (1931)
Kawanishi N1K1 Kyofu floatplane fighter
Mitsubishi F1M observation floatplane
Shin-Meiwa US-2 search and rescue flying boat


Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk M.F.12


Fokker T-IV

New Zealand[edit]

Walsh Brothers type D flying boat


Lublin R-XIII ter/hydro


  • RAS-1 Getta – three-seat flying boat for training (1925)
  • IAR 818 H – single-engined utility float plane (1964)
  • SET 7H – single-engined reconnaissance float plane (1935)

Russia, CIS, USSR[edit]

Beriev Be-12
Colored water release from Be-200 at aeroshow
Grigorovich M-5
Tupolev TB-1/ANT-4


  • Saab 17 – single-engine bomber-reconnaissance monoplane that could be fitted with floats (1940)
  • Flygfabriken LN-3 Seagull – two-seat high wing ultra light/light sport amphibian (2008)


United Kingdom[edit]

Blackburn Iris Mk.III patrol flying boat
Replica of Portuguese Fairey IIID used for successful 1922 transatlantic crossing
Felixstowe F.3 patrol bomber
Gloster IIIA Schneider racer
Swedish Hawker Osprey on warship
Saro Cloud
Saunders-Roe SR A1
Short Empire taking off
Short Sunderland patrol bomber
Supermarine S.6b, last winner of the Schneider Cup
Supermarine Southampton
Supermarine Walrus spotting amphibian on cruiser

United States[edit]

Aeromarine 75 in flight
Citabria showing off its floats - or pontoons
Barlkey-Grow T8P on floats
BOAC Boeing 314A landing
Cessna 185 on floats
  • Cessna AT-17 Bobcat - twin-engine cabin monoplane variant (1939)
  • Cessna 170 - single-engine 4-seat monoplane floatplane variant (1948)
  • Cessna 172 - single-engine 4-seat monoplane floatplane variant (1956)
  • Cessna 180 'Skywagon' – single-engine 4/6-seat monoplane utility floatplane variant (1952)
  • Cessna 182 'Skylane' – single-engine 4-seat monoplane utility floatplane variant (1956)
  • Cessna 185 'Skywagon' - single-engine 4-seat monoplane utility floatplane variant (1960)
  • Cessna 190 - single radial-engined 5-seat monoplane floatplane variant (1945)
  • Cessna 206 – 6-seat monoplane utility floatplane variant (1962)
  • Cessna 208 Caravan - single-engine utility transport monoplane variant (1982)
  • Colonial Skimmer – model C-1 and C-2 were both 2-person flying boats (early 1960s)
Consolidated Catalina waterbomber dropping water
US Navy Curtiss H-16
US Coast Guard Douglas Dolphin amphibian taxiing out of the water
  • Douglas DF – commercial long-range flying boat (1936)
  • Douglas Dolphin – transport and observation amphibian (1931)
  • Douglas DT – two-seat biplane torpedo-bomber (1921)
  • Douglas DWC World Cruiser – long-range biplane floatplane version - first flight around world (1923)
  • Douglas PD – maritime patrol flying boat (1929)
  • Douglas Sinbad – flying boat prototype for Douglas Dolphin (1930)
  • Douglas T2D – torpedo bomber biplane floatplane (1927)
  • Douglas YOA-5 - reconnaissance/bomber amphibian (1935)
  • Eastman E-2 Sea Rover - 2–3-seat single-engine flying boat (1928)
  • Edo OSE-1 – single-seat multirole floatplane (1946)
  • Elias EM – biplane floatplane (1922)
  • Elias EO – biplane floatplane (1922)
Fairchild FC-2L utility transport and bushplane
Grumman Widgeon on Kodiak Island
Hughes Hercules 'Spruce Goose' - largest flying boat ever flown
Martin Mars waterbombers at their home base in Port Alberni, BC.
Naval Aircraft Factory TS-1 floatplane fighter
Piper PA-18 Super Cub floatplane
US Army Sikorsky C-6a (S-38)
Volmer Sportsman homebuilt amphibian



See also[edit]