List of seaweeds of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay

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Map of the Cape Peninsula and False Bay coastline showing some of the landmarks referred to in species range statements. Melkbosstrand is a few kilometers north of the displayed area on the west coast. Cape Hangklip is shown on the map to the south east.
Marine bioregions of the South African exclusive economic zone
Map of the Southern African coastline showing some of the landmarks referred to in species range statements.

This is a list of seaweeds recorded from the oceans bordering The Cape Peninsula in South Africa from Melkbosstrand on the West Coast to Cape Hangklip on the South Coast. This list comprises locally used common names, scientific names with author citation and recorded ranges. Ranges specified may not be the entire known range for the species, but should include the known range within the waters surrounding the Republic of South Africa.

List ordering and taxonomy complies where possible with the current usage in Algaebase, and may differ from the cited source, as listed citations are primarily for range or existence of records for the region. Sub-taxa within any given taxon are arranged alphabetically as a general rule. Details of each species may be available through the relevant internal links. Synonyms may be listed where useful.


Contents

Kingdom: Plantae — Division: Chlorophyta — Green seaweeds[edit]

Class: Bryopsidophyceae[edit]

Order: Bryopsidales[edit]

Family: Bryopsidaceae[edit]
Family: Caulerpaceae[edit]
  • Caulerpa bartoniae G. Murray, 1896,[6] (Rare in Western Cape, Cape Hangklip and Muizenberg. Mainly from south coast. endemic)[2]
  • Strap caulerpa Caulerpa filiformis (Suhr) Hering 1841, syn.Amphibolis filiformis Suhr 1834, Himandactylius filiformis (Suhr) Trevisan 1849,[7] (False Bay to northern KwaZulu-Natal)[2][8]
  • Feathery caulerpa Caulerpa holmesiana G. Murray, 1891,[9] (Mainly a south coast species. the westernmost records at Cape of Good Hope, endemic)[2]
Family: Codiaceae[edit]
  • Duthie's upright codium Codium duthieae Silva in Silva & Womersley, 1956,[10] (Mainly a south and east coast species, westwards as far as Langebaan logoon.)[2](From Namibia along the entire South African coast)[8]
  • Fragile upright codium Codium fragile subsp. fragile (Suringar) Hariot 1889, synCodium fragile (Suringar) Hariot subsp. capense Silva 1959a, Acanthocodium fragile Suringar 1867,[11] (Whole of Cape west coast and most of Namibia, Eastward as far as Robberg, Plettenberg Bay)[2]
  • Codium isaacii Silva, 1959a,[12] (Namibia to Cape Peninsula, endemic)[2]
  • Lucas' codium Codium lucasii Setchell subsp. capense Silva 1959a,[13] (Strand, False Bay to southern Mozambique)[2][8]
  • Codium papenfussii Silva, 1959a,[14] (West coast of Cape Peninsula to southern KwaZulu-Natal, single specimen from Sodwana Bay, endemic)[2][8]
  • Flat-lobed codium Codium platylobium Areschoug 1854,[15] (False Bay to mouth of Mtwalume river in KwaZulu-Natal)[2][8]
  • Stephens' codium Codium stephensiae Dickinson 1932,[16] (St Helena Bay to Transkei, endemic)[2]
Family: Derbesiaceae[edit]
Family: Udoteaceae[edit]

Class: Chlorophyceae[edit]

Order: Chaetophorales[edit]

Family: Chaetophoraceae[edit]
Family: Chroolepidaceae[edit]

Class: Ulvophyceae[edit]

Order: Cladophorales[edit]

Family: Cladophoraceae[edit]
  • Chaetomorpha aerea (Dillwyn) Kützing 1849, syn. Conferva aerea Dillwyn 1806, Chloronitum aerea (Dillwyn) Gaillon 1828,[20] (False Bay to Cape Agulhas)[2]
  • Hair weed Chaetomorpha linum (O.F.Müller) Kützing 1845, syn. Conferva linum O.F.Müller 1778, Lychaete linum (O.F.Müller) Areschoug 1851,[21] (Kalk Bay and Simon's Town harbours)[2]
  • Robust hair-weed Chaetomorpha robusta (Areschoug) Papenfuss 1940, syn. Lychaete robusta Areschoug 1851,[22] (Namibia to Hermanus)[2]
  • Chaetomorpha sp. indet, (Clovelly, False Bay)[2]
  • Cape cladophora Cladophora capensis (C.Agardh) De Toni 1889, syn. Conferva capensis C.Agardh 1824,[23] (Namibia to southern Cape Peninsula)[2]
  • Turf cladophora Cladophora contexta Levring 1938,[24] (Olifantsbos to Lüderitz)[2]
  • Cladophora dalmatica Kuetzing 1843,[25] (Glencairn, False Bay)[2]
  • Blue whip cladophora Cladophora flagelliformis (Suhr) Kützing 1849, syn. Conferva flagelliformis Suhr 1840, Lychaete flagelliformis (Suhr) Areschoug 1851,[26] (Brandfontein to Namibia)[2]
  • Cladophora isaacii Simons 1960,[27] (Port Nolloth to Cape Hangklip)[2]
  • Cladophora mirabilis (C.Agardh) Rabenhorst in Hohenacker 1852, syn. Conferva mirabilis C.Agardh 1820,[28] (Cape Hangklip to Cape Fria, Namibia)[2]
  • Cladophora radiosa (Suhr) Kützing 1889, syn. Conferva radiosa Suhr 1834,[29] (Table Bay eastwards to Cape Morgan)[2]
  • Cladophora sericia (Hudson) Kützing 1843, syn. Conferva sericea Hudson 1762, Chloronitum sericeum (Hudson) Gallion 1928,[30] (Cape Peninsula north to Melkbosstrand, east to De Hoop nature reserve)[2]
  • Cladophora sp. indet. (Clovelly to Buffels Bay, Cape Peninsula)[2]
  • Rhizoclonium implexum (Dillwyn) Kützing 1845, SYN. Conferva implexa Dillwyn 1809, Rhizoclonium riparium var. implexum (Dillwyn) Rosenvinge 1893,[31] (Kraalbaai, Langebaan lagoon and Clovelly, Cape Peninsula)[2]

Order: Ulotrichales[edit]

Family: Ulotrichaceae[edit]
  • Ulothrix flacca (Dillwyn) Thuret in Le Jolis 1863, syn. Conferva flacca Dillwyn 1805, Lyngbya flacca (Dillwyn) Harvey 1849,[32] (Cape Peninsula and False Bay)[2]
  • Ulothrix speciosa (Carmichael) Kützing 1849, syn Ulothrix zonata var. speciosa (Carmichael) Stockmayer, Lyngbya speciosa Carmichael 1833, Hormotrichum speciosum (Carmichael) P.L.Crouan & H.M.Crouan 1852, Urospora speciosa (Carmichael) Leblond ex G.Hamel 1931,[33] (Known from a single collection at Kalk Bay)[2]

Order: Ulvales[edit]

Family: Ulvaceae[edit]
  • Blidingia minima (Nägeli ex Kützing) Kylin 1947, syn. Enteromorpha minima Nägeli ex Kützing 1849, Enteromorpha compressa var. minima (Nägeli ex Hauck) Hamel 1931, Enteromorpha nana var. minima (Nägeli ex Hauck) Sjøstedt 1939,[34] (Kraalbaai, Langebaan lagoon to False Bay, and Eastern Cape)[2]
  • Chloropelta caespitosa Tanner 1980,[35] (Kalk Bay and Cape Hangklip)[2]
  • Enteromorpha atroviridis (Levring) M.J.Wynne 1986, syn. Ulva atroviridis Levring 1938,[36] (Namibia to Oudekraal, Cape Peninsula)[2]
  • Percursaria percursa (C.Agardh) Rosenvinge 1893, syn. Zignoa percursa (C.Agardh) Trevisan, Conferva percursa C.Agardh 1817, Enteromorpha percursa (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1842,[37] (Cape Peninsula - Glencairn, Scarborough, Mouille Point)[2]
  • Ulva flexuosa Wulfen 1803, syn. Enteromorpha flexuosa (Wulfen) J.Agardh 1883,[38] (Muizenberg and Dalebrook, False Bay and Eastern Cape)[2]
  • Ulva intestinalis Linnaeus 1753, syn. Conferva intestinalis (Linnaeus) Roth 1797, Tetraspora intestinalis (Linnaeus) Desvaux 1818, Scytosiphon intestinalis (Linnaeus) Lyngbye 1819, Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees 1820, Fistularia intestinalis (Linnaeus) Greville 1824, Solenia intestinalis (Linnaeus) C.Agardh 1824, Ilea intestinalis (Linnaeus) Leiblein 1827, Hydrosolen intestinalis (Linnaeus) Martius 1833, Ulva enteromorpha var. intestinalis (Linnaeus) Le Jolis 1863, Ulva bulbosa var. intestinalis (Linnaeus) Hariot 1889, Enteromorpha compressa var. intestinalis (Linnaeus) Hamel 1931,[39] (Widespread on west and south coasts, along entire South African coast)[2][8]
  • Ulva lactuca Linnaeus 1753, syn. Phyllona lactuca (Linnaeus) F.H.Wiggers 1780, Ulva fasciata Delile 1813,[8][40] (Saldanha Bay, False Bay eastwards into Mozambique)[2]
  • Ulva linza Linnaeus 1753, syn. Solenia linza (Linnaeus) C.Agardh 1824, Enteronia linza (Linnaeus) Chevallier 1836, Phycoseris linza (Linnaeus) Kützing 1843, Enteromorpha linza (Linnaeus) J.Agardh 1883,[41] (Namibia to False Bay)[2]
  • Ulva prolifera O.F.Müller 1778, syn. Ulva enteromorpha f. prolifera (O.F.Müller) Van Heurck, Ulva compressa var. prolifera (O.F.Müller) C.Agardh 1823, Enteromorpha compressa var. prolifera (O.F.Müller) Greville 1830, Enteromorpha prolifera (O.F.Müller) J.Agardh 1883,[42] (Namibia to Eastern Cape)[2]
  • Ulva rhacodes (Holmes) Papenfuss 1960, syn. Enteromorpha rhacodes Holmes 1894,[43] (False Bay to Eastern Cape)[2]
  • Rigid sea lettuce Ulva rigida C.Agardh 1823, syn. Phycoseris rigida (C.Agardh) Kützing 1843, Ulva lactuca var. rigida (C.Agardh) Le Jolis 1863,[44] (Cape Peninsula to tropical East Africa)[2][8]
  • Ulva uncialis (Kützing) Montagne 1850, syn. Phycoseris uncialis Kützing 1849, Ulva capensis Areschoug 1851,[45] (Namibia to Cape Agulhas)[2]

Division: Heterokonta — Class: Phaeophyceae — Brown seaweeds[edit]

Order: Cutleriales[edit]

Family Cutleriaceae[edit]

  • Aglaozonia sp. (Muizenberg, False Bay. Brandfontein. Bird Island, eastern Cape)[2]

Order: Desmarestiales[edit]

Family Desmarestiaceae[edit]

  • Acid weed Desmarestia firma (C.Agardh) Skottsberg in Nordenskjöld 1907, syn. Sporochnus herbaceus var. firma C.Agardh 1824,[46] (Möwe Bay, Namibia to Betty's Bay. Doubtful record for Cape Agulhas)[2]

Order: Dictyotales[edit]

Family Dictyotaceae[edit]

  • Dictyota dichotoma (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux 1809, syn. Ulva dichotoma Hudson 1762, Zonaria dichotoma (Hudson) C.Agardh 1817, Fucus dichotomus (Hudson) Bertolini 1819, Haliseris dichotoma (Hudson) Sprengel 1827, Dichophyllium dichotomum (Hudson) Kützing 1843,[47](Langebaan and False Bay to Natal. D. dichotoma var. intricata (C.Agardh) Greville 1830, common at Kalk Bay and Dalebrook, and occurring more or less throughout the range of the species)[2]
  • Dictyota liturata J.Agardh 1848,[48] (Kommetjie on Cape Peninsula to Umhlali in KwaZulu-Natal)[2][49]
  • Spotted dictyota Dictyota naevosa (Suhr) Montagne 1840, syn. Zonaria naevosa Suhr 1834, Cutleria naevosa (Suhr) Hering ex Krauss 1846,[50] (Die Walle to Umhlali, KwaZulu-Natal)[2](Cape Peninsula eastward into KwaZulu-Natal as far as Mission Rocks)[49]
  • Multi-fanned zonaria Exallosorus harveyanus (Pappe ex Kützing) J.A.Phillips, 1997. Syn. Zonaria harveyana (Pappe ex Kützing) Areschoug 1851,[51] (Platbank, False Bay to KwaZulu-Natal as far north as Park Rynie. Endemic)[2][49]

Order: Ectocarpales[edit]

Family: Acinetosporaceae[edit]

  • Acinetospora crinita (Carmichael) Sauvageau 1899, syn. Acinetospora pusilla var. crinita (Carmichael) Batters, Ectocarpus crinitus Carmichael 1833,[52] (False Bay, Eastern Cape)[2]
  • Feldmannia irregularis (Kützing) G.Hamel 1939, syn. Ectocarpus irregularis Kützing 1845, Giffordia irregularis (Kützing) Joly 1965, Hincksia irregularis (Kützing) Amsler 1991,[53] (Cape Peninsula, Langebaan lagoon and Eastern Cape)[2]
  • Hincksia granulosa (Smith) P.C.Silva in P.C.Silva, E.G.Meñez & R.L.Moe 1987, Conferva granulosa Smith 1811, Ectocarpus granulosus (Smith) C.Agardh 1828, Giffordia granulosa (Smith) G.Hamel 1939,[54] (Muizenberg and Oudekraal, also Namibia)[2]

Family Chordariaceae[edit]

Family Chordariopsidaceae[edit]

  • Cape cord weed Chordariopsis capensis (C.Agardh) Kylin 1940, syn. Chordaria flagelliformis var. capensis C.Agardh 1824,[63] (Cape Frio, Namibia to at least Arniston)[2]

Family Ectocarpaceae[edit]

  • Ectocarpus acutus Setchell & Gardner 1922c,[64] (Olifantsbos to Hondeklipbaai)[2]
  • Ectocarpus fasciculatus Harvey 1841,[65] (Melkbosstrand to De Hoop)[2]
  • Ectocarpus siliculosus (Dillwyn) Lyngbye 1819, syn. Conferva siliculosa Dillwyn 1809, Ceramium siliculosum (Dillwyn) C.Agardh 1811, Ectocarpus confervoides f. siliculosus (Dillwyn) Kjellman 1872, Ectocarpus confervoides var. siliculosus (Dillwyn) Farlow 1881,[66] (Port Nolloth to Eastern Cape)[2]

Family: Pylaiellaceae[edit]

  • Bachelotia antillarum (Grunow) Gerloff 1959, syn. Ectocarpus antillarum Grunow 1867, Pylaiella antillarum (Grunow) De Toni 1895,[67] (False Bay to KwaZulu-Natal)[2]

Family Scytosiphonaceae[edit]

  • Oyster thief Colpomenia sinuosa (Mertens ex Roth) Derbès & Solier in Castagne 1851, syn. Ulva sinuosa Mertens ex Roth 1806, Encoelium sinuosum (Mertens ex Roth) C.Agardh 1820, Stilophora sinuosa (Mertens ex Roth) C.Agardh 1827, Asperococcus sinuosus (Mertens ex Roth) Bory de Saint-Vincent 1832, Asperococcus sinuosus (C.Agardh) Zanardini 1841, Hydroclathrus sinuosus (Mertens) ex Roth) Zanardini 1843,[68] (Throughout South Africa)[2][49]
  • Compsonema cf. sessile Setchell & Gardner 1922a, (Oudekraal)[2]
  • Endarachne Endarachne binghamiae J.Agardh 1896'[69] (False Bay eastwards to KwaZulu-Natal as far as Port Edward)[2][49]
  • Starred cushion Iyengaria stellata (Børgesen) Børgesen 1939, syn. Rosenvingea stellata Børgesen 1928, Colpomenia stellata (Børgesen) Børgesen 1930,[70] (Southern Cape Peninsula to KwaZulu-Natal)[2]
  • Petalonia fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze 1898, syn. Fucus fascia O.F.Müller 1778, Laminaria fascia (O.F.Müller) C.Agardh 1817, Ulva fascia (O.F.Müller) Lyngbye 1819, Ilea fascia (O.F.Müller) Fries 1835, Phyllitis fascia (O.F.Müller) Kützing 1843, Saccharina fascia (O.F.Müller) Kuntze 1891,[71] (Yzerfontein to Soetwater)[2]
  • Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngbye) Link 1833, Chorda lomentaria Lyngbye 1819, Scytosiphon filum var. lomentarius (Lyngbye) C.Agardh 1820, Fucus lomentarius (Lyngbye) Sommerfelt 1826, Scytosiphon simplicissimus (Clemente) Cremades 1990, Ulva simplicissima Clemente 1807,[72][73] (Simon's Town to Lüderitz)[2]
  • Sausage skins Scytosiphon simplicissimus (Clemente) Cremades in Cremades et Perez-Cirera 1990, syn. Ulva simplicissima Clemente 1807,[74] (Simon's Town in False Bay to Lüderitz in Namibia)[2]

Order: Fucales[edit]

Family Bifurcariopsidaceae[edit]

Family Sargassaceae[edit]

  • Long-leafed sargassum Anthophycus longifolius (Turner) Kützing, 1849 syn. Fucus longifolius Turner 1809, Sargassum longifolium (Turner) C.Agardh 1820, Carpophyllum longifolium (Turner) De Toni 1895,[76] (Platboombaai eastwards as far as Uvongo in southern KwaZulu-Natal)[2][49]
  • Constricted axils Axillariella constricta (J.Agardh) P.C.Silva 1959b, syn. Fucodium constrictum J.Agardh 1848, Ascophyllum constricta (J.Agardh) Kuntze 1891, Ascophylla constricta (Kützing) Kuntze 1891,[77] (Cape Peninsula to Cape Columbine)[2]
  • Hanging wrack Brassicophycus brassicaeformis (Kützing) Draisma, Ballesteros, F.Rousseau & T.Thibaut 2010, syn. Pycnophycus brassicaeformis Kützing 1860, Bifurcaria brassicaeformis (Kützing) E.S.Barton 1893,[78] (Cape Agulhas to Sea Point)[2]
  • Cystophora fibrosa Simons, 1970,[79] (De Walle to Koppie Allen, and Platboom)[2]
  • Sargassum elegans Suhr, 1840,[80] (False Bay to Mozambique. Endemic to southern Africa)[2]
  • Sargassum incisifolium (Turner) C.Agardh 1820, syn. Fucus incisifolius Turner 1811, Sargassum heterophyllum (Turner) C.Agardh, 1820,[81] (False Bay eastward into Mozambique. Restricted to Southern Africa and Madagascar)[2][49]

Order: Laminariales[edit]

Family Laminariaceae[edit]

  • Split-fan kelp Laminaria pallida Greville in J. Agardh 1848, Hafgygia pallida (Greville) Areschchoug 1883, Saccharina pallida (Greville) Kuntze 1891,[82] (Danger Point to Cape Nolloth, as the schinzii form to at least Rocky Point in northern Namibia)[2]
  • Bladder kelp Macrocystis angustifolia Bory de Saint-Vincent 1826,[83] (Occasional in drift in False Bay. Attached from Cape Point to Paternoster)[2]

Family Lessoniaceae[edit]

  • Sea bamboo Ecklonia maxima (Osbeck) Papenfuss 1940b, syn. Fucus maximus Osbeck 1757,[84] (Papenkuilsfontein 10 km west of Cape Agulhas to north of Lüderitz, Namibia)[2]
  • Spined kelp Ecklonia radiata (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1848, Laminaria radiata C.Agardh 1817, Capea radiata (C.Agardh) Endlicher 1843,[85] (Forms with long stipes and rugose blades in False Bay, Spinose forms common at Die Dam, Otherwise species common from Koppie Allen to Southern Natal. Longer stiped smooth bladed form as far east as parts of Zululand)[2](Deep water populations extend to Sodwana Bay at depths up to 60m)[49]

Order: Ralfsiales[edit]

Family Neoralfsiaceae[edit]

  • Neoralfsia expansa (J.Agardh) P.-E.Lim & H.Kawai ex Kraft 2009, syn. Myrionema expansum J.Agardh 1847, Ralfsia expansa (J.Agardh) J.Agardh 1848,[86] (unclear distribution)[49]

Family Ralfsiaceae[edit]

  • Ralfsia Ralfsia verrucosa (Areschoug) J.Agardh 1848, syn. Cruoria verrucosa Areschoug 1843,[87] (Common on all west coast shores and probably throughout the Agulhas marine province)[2]

Order: Scytothamnales[edit]

Family Splachnidiaceae[edit]

  • Dead man's fingers Splachnidium rugosum (Linnaeus) Greville 1830,[88] (Dominant in mid-shore throughout west coast, Lüderitz, Namibia to eastern Cape)[2]

Order: Sphacelariales[edit]

Family Sphacelariaceae[edit]

Family Stypocaulaceae[edit]

Order: Sporochnales[edit]

Family Sporochnaceae[edit]

Kingdom: Protista — Subkingdom: Biciliata — Infraregnum: Incertae sedis — Phylum(?): Rhodophyta — Red seaweeds[edit]

Class: Bangiophyceae[edit]

Order: Bangiales[edit]

Family Bangiaceae[edit]
  • Bangia atropurpurea (Mertens ex Roth) C.Agardh 1824, syn. Conferva atropurpurea Mertens ex Roth 1806, Oscillatoria atropurpurea (Roth) C.Agardh 1817, Bangia fuscopurpurea var. atropurpurea (Roth) Lyngbye 1819, Bangia atropurpurea (Mertens ex Roth) C.Agardh 1824, Bangiella atropurpurea (Roth) Gaillon 1833, Bangiadulcis atropurpurea (Roth) W.A.Nelson 2007,[94] (Cosmopolitan)[2]
  • Porphyra capensis Kützing 1843,[95] (Abundant on whole of west coast extending into Namibia and along south coast of Western and Eastern Cape. Endemic)[2]
  • Pyropia gardneri (G.M.Smith & Hollenberg) S.C.Lindstrom in Sutherland et al. 2011, syn. Porphyrella gardneri G.M.Smith & Hollenberg 1943, Porphyra gardneri (G.M.Smith & Hollenberg) M.W.Hawkes 1977,[96] (Cape of Good Hope to Brandfontein)[2]
  • Pyropia saldanhae (Stegenga, J.J.Bolton & R.J.Anderson) J.E.Sutherland in Sutherland et al. 2011, syn. Porphyra saldanhae Stegenga, Bolton & R.J.Anderson 1997,[97] (Hondeklip Bay and Olifantsbos, endemic)[2]

Order: Porphyridiales[edit]

Family Phragmonemataceae[edit]

Class: Compsopogonophyceae[edit]

Order: Erythropeltidales[edit]

Family Erythrotrichiaceae[edit]
  • Erythrocladia cf. polystromatica P.J.L.Dangeard 1932,[99] (St James, False Bay and Cape Hangklip)[2]
  • Erythrotrichia carnea (Dillwyn) J.Agardh 1883, syn. Erythrocladia carnea, Conferva carnea Dillwyn 1807, Bangia ciliaris subsp. pulchella (Harvey) De Toni 1897,[100] (Probably fairly common, but South African distribution uncertain)[2]
  • Erythrotrichia welwitschii (Ruprecht) Batters 1902, syn. Cruoria welwitschii Ruprecht 1850,[101] (Cape of Good Hope and False Bay extending eastwards at least as far as Port Elizabeth)[2]
  • Membranella africana Stegenga, Bolton & Anderson 1997,[102] (Cape of Good Hope at least as far as Port Alfred)[2]
  • Porphyrostromium boryanum (Montagne) P.C.Silva in Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Porphyra boryana Montagne 1846, Erythrotrichia boryana (Montagne) Berthold 1882, Phyllona boryana (Montagne) Kuntze 1891, Erythrotrichopeltis boryana (Montagne) Kornmann 1984, Porphyrostromium boryanum (Montagne) M.J.Wynne 1986,[103] (Yzerfontein to Oatlands Point, False Bay) [2]
  • Sahlingia subintegra (Rosenvinge, 1909) Kornmann 1989, syn. Erythrocladia subintegra Rosenvinge 1909, Erythrocladia irregularis f. subintegra (Rosenvinge) Garbary, Hansen & Scagel 1981. Erythropeltis subintegra (Rosenvinge) Kornmann & Sahling 1985, Erythrotrichopeltis subintegra (Rosenvinge) Kornmann & Sahling 1985,[104] (Worldwide - probably widely distributed in SA )[2]

Class: Florideophyceae[edit]

Order: Acrochaetiales[edit]

Family Acrochaetiaceae[edit]
  • Acrochaetium brebneri (Batters) G.Hamel 1928, syn. Rhodochorton brebneri Batters 1897, Chantransia brebneri (Batters) Rosenvinge 1909, Audouinella brebneri (Batters) P.S.Dixon 1976,[105] (False Bay side of the Cape Peninsula)[2]
  • Acrochaetium balliae (Stegenga), nom. illeg. syn. Audouinella balliae Stegenga 1985,[106] (Port Nolloth to Hout Bay)[2]
  • Acrochaetium catenulatum M.A.Howe 1914,[107] (Namibia to Eastern Cape)[2]
  • Acrochaetium endozoicum (Darbishire) Batters 1902, syn. Chantransia endozoica Darbishire 1899, Rhodochorton endozoicum (Darbishire) Drew 1928, Audouinella endozoica (Darbishire) P.S.Dixon 1976,[108] (Cape Peninsula)[2]
  • Acrochaetium moniliforme (Rosenvinge) Børgesen 1915, Chantransia moniliformis Rosenvinge 1909, Rhodochorton moniliforme (Rosenvinge) Drew 1928, Kylinia moniliformis (Rosenvinge) Kylin 1944, Chromastrum moniliforme (Rosenvinge) Papenfuss 1945, Audouinella moniliformis (Rosenvinge) Garbary 1979,[109] (False Bay eastward at least as far as Transkei)[2]
  • Acrochaetium plumosum (K.M.Drew) G.M.Smith 1944, syn. Colaconema plumosum (Drew) Woelkerling 1971, Rhodochorton Plumosum Drew 1928,[110] (Hondeklip Bay to Betty's Bay)[2]
  • Acrochaetium reductum (Rosenvinge) G.Hamel 1927, syn. Chantransia reducta Rosenvinge 1909,[111] (Between False Bay and Plettenberg Bay)[2]
  • Acrochaetium secundatum (Lyngbye) Nägeli 1858, syn. Callithamnion daviesii var. secundatum Lyngbye 1819,[112] (Namibia to False Bay)[2]
  • Audouinella occulta H.Stegenga 1985,[113] (Hout Bay) [2]
  • Audouinella monorhiza (Stegenga) Garbary 1987, syn. Colaconema monorhiza Stegenga 1985,[114] (Noordhoek and Olifantsbos, Cape Peninsula)[2]
  • Audouinella pectinata (Kylin) Papenfuss 1945, syn. Chantransia pectinata Kylin, 1906,[115] (Doring Bay to Olifantsbos) [2]
  • Audouinella spongicola (Weber-van Bosse) Stegenga 1985, syn. Acrochaetium spongicola Weber-van Bosse 1921,[116] (Hout Bay to Bird Island, Eastern Province)[2]

Order Balliales[edit]

Family Balliaceae[edit]
  • Ballia callitricha (C.Agardh) Kützing 1843, syn. Sphacelaria callitricha C.Agardh 1824,[117] (West side of Cape Peninsula to Cape Agulhas)[2]
  • Ballia sertularioides (Suhr) Papenfuss 1940, syn. Callithamnion sertularioides Suhr 1840,[118] (Lüderitz in Namibia to Hout Bay, Southern African endemic)[2]

Order Bonnemaisoniales[edit]

Family Bonnemaisoniaceae[edit]

Order Ceramiales[edit]

Family Callithamniaceae[edit]
  • Aglaothamnion hookeri (Dillwyn) Maggs & Hommersand 1993, syn. Conferva hookeri Dillwyn 1809, Callithamnion hookeri (Dillwyn) S.F.Gray 1821,[122] (Namibia to East London)[2]
  • Callithamnion stuposum Suhr 1840, syn. Phlebothamnion stuposum (Suhr) Kützing 1843, Spongoclonium stuposum (Suhr) De Toni 1903,[123] (Swartklip to KwaZulu-Natal)[2]
  • Callithamnion sp. indet. (Cape Peninsula to East London)[2]
  • Heteroptilon pappeanum (Kützing) Hommersand in Hommersand, D.W. Freshwater, J. López-Bautista, & S. Fredericq 2006, syn. Euptilota pappeana Kützing 1849,[124] (Hondeklipbaai to Cape Agulhas, endemic)[2]
Family Ceramiaceae[edit]
Family Callithamniaceae[edit]
  • Callithamnion collabens (Rudolphi) L.McIvor & Maggs 2002, syn. Asperocaulon collabens Rudolphi 1831, Aristothamnion collabens (Rudolphi) Papenfuss 1968,[157] (Namibia to Port Alfred, Southern African endemic)[2]
Family Dasyaceae[edit]
Family Delesseriaceae[edit]
  • Acrosorium acrospermum (J.Agardh) Kylin 1938, syn. Nitophyllum ascospermum J.Agardh 1852,[164] (False Bay to Eastern Cape, endemic)[2]
  • Acrosorium maculatum (Sonder ex Kützing) Papenfuss 1940, syn. Aglaophyllum maculatum Sonder ex Kützing 1866, Nitophyllum uncinatum var. maculatum (Sonder ex Kützing) De Toni 1900,[165] (Southern Cape Peninsula to KwaZulu-Natal)[2]
  • Acrosorium ciliolatum (Harvey) Kylin 1924, syn. Nitophyllum ciliolatum Harvey 1855, Aglaophyllum ciliolatum (Harvey) Kützing 1869, Nitophyllum venulosum Zanardini 1866, Acrosorium venulosum (Zanardini) Kylin 1924,[166] (as A. venulosum, Kommetjie to KwaZulu-Natal)[2] (as A. ciliatum, Kommetjie eastward extending into KwaZulu-Natal at least as far as Sodwana Bay)[133]
  • Apoglossum ruscifolium (Turner) J.Agardh 1898, syn. Fucus ruscifolius Turner 1802, Delesseria ruscifolia (Turner) J.V.Lamouroux 1813,[167] (Oudekraal to Brandfontein)[2]
  • Bartoniella crenata (J.Agardh ex Mazza) Kylin 1924, syn. Phitymophora crenata J.Agardh ex Mazza 1908,[168] (Muizenberg and Cape Hangklip at least as far as Mission Rocks, endemic)[2][133]
  • Botryocarpa prolifera Greville 1830,[169] (Namibia to southern Cape Peninsula)[2]
  • Botryoglossum platycarpum (Turner) Kützing 1843, syn. Fucus platycarpus Turner 1809, Delesseria platycarpa (Turner) J.V.Lamouroux 1813, Phyllophora platycarpa (Turner) Greville ex Krauss 1846, Nitophyllum platycarpum (Turner) J.Agardh 1876,[170] (Namibia to Cape of Good Hope. Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Delesseria papenfussii M.J.Wynne 1984,[171] (Port Nolloth to Brandfontein. Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Erythroglossum sp. indet. (Glencairn to Hluleka, endemic)[2]
  • Gonimophyllum africanum M.T.Martin & M.A.Pocock 1953,[172] (Table Bay to Kei River)[2]
  • Haraldiophyllum bonnemaisonii (Kylin) A.D.Zinova 1981, syn. Myriogramme bonnemaisonii Kylin 1924, Nitophyllum bonnemaisonii (Kylin) Kylin 1934,[173] (Kommetjie to Muizenberg on the Cape Peninsula)[2]
  • Hymenena venosa (Linnaeus) Krauss 1846, syn. Fucus venosus Linnaeus 1771, Delesseria venosa (Turner) J.V.Lamouroux 1813,[174] (Namibia to southern Cape Peninsula)[2]
  • Martensia elegans Hering 1841, syn. Capraella elegans (Harvey) J.De Toni 1936, Mesotrema elegans (Hering) Papenfuss 1942,[175] (Common south coast species, extending into KwaZulu-Natal at least as far as Sodwana Bay)[133]
  • Myriogramme eckloniae Stegenga, Bolton & R.J.Anderson 1997,[176] (Drift material at Muizenberg, endemic)[2]
  • Myriogramme livida (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Kylin 1924, syn. Nitophyllum lividum J.D.Hooker & Harvey 1845, Cryptopleura livida (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Kützing 1868,[177] (Swakopmund to Kommetjie)[2]
  • Neuroglossum binderianum Kützing 1843,[178] (Namibia to southern Cape Peninsula)[2]
  • Papenfussia laciniata (Harvey) M.D. Guiry 2005?, syn. Pollexfenia laciniata Harvey 1844,[179] (Both sides of the Cape Peninsula, endemic)[2]
  • Platyclinia sp. (Olifantsbos)[2]
  • Platysiphonia intermedia (Grunow) M.J.Wynne 1983, syn. Sarcomenia intermedia Grunow 1867,[180] (Port Nolloth to Cape Agulhas)[2]
  • Delesseriaceae vel. aff. (Oudekraal, endemic)[2]
Family Rhodomelaceae[edit]
  • Aiolocolax pulchellus M.A.Pocock 1956,[181] (Blaauwberg eastwards)[2]
  • Bostrychia intricata (Bory de Saint-Vincent) Montagne 1852, syn. Scytonema intricatum Bory de Saint-Vincent 1828, Stictosiphonia intricata (Bory de Saint-Vincent) P.C.Silva 1996,[182] (Saldanha Bay, Kommetjie on Cape Peninsula eastward along whole of south coast)[2]
  • Chondria capensis (Harvey) Askenasy 1888, syn. Laurencia capensis Harvey 1849, Chondriopsis capensis (Harvey) J.Agardh 1863,[183] (Namibia to just east of Cape Agulhas. Southern African endemic.)[2]
  • Falkenbergiella capensis Kylin 1938,[184] (St James, Muizenberg and Swartklip in False Bay. Cape south coast. Endemic)[2]
  • Herposiphonia didymosporangia Stegenga & Kemperman 1987,[185] (St James, Brandfontein and coast of De Hoop nature reserve, Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Herposiphonia heringii (Harvey) Falkenberg 1901, syn. Polysiphonia heringii Harvey 1847,[186] (Between Hondeklipbaai and St James, endemic)[2]
  • Herposiphonia secunda (C.Agardh) Ambronn 1880, syn. Hutchinsia secunda C.Agardh 1824, Polysiphonia secunda (C.Agardh) Zanardini 1840, Herposiphonia tenella f. secunda (C.Agardh) Hollenberg 1968,[187] (Muizenberg, Cape Agulhas eastward to the tropics)[2]
  • Laurencia flexuosa Kützing 1849,[188] (False Bay to KwaZulu-Natal at least as far north as Mabibi, endemic))[2][133]
  • Laurencia glomerata (Kützing) Kützing 1849, syn. Chondria glomerata Kützing 1847,[189] (Port Nolloth?, Melbosstrand?, Cape Peninsula eastward)[2]
  • Laurencia peninsularis Stegenga, Bolton & R.J.Anderson 1987,[190] (False Bay to East London, endemic)[2]
  • Ophidocladus simpliciusculus (P.L.Crouan & H.M.Crouan) Falkenberg in Schmitz & Falkenberg 1897, syn. Polysiphonia simpliciuscula P.L.Crouan & H.M.Crouan 1852,[191] (Hondeklipbaai?, Platboombaai on Cape Peninsula to Mozambique)[2]
  • Pachychaeta cryptoclada Falkenberg 1901,[192] (Swartklip, Brandfontein, more common in Eastern Cape, endemic)[2]
  • Placophora binderi (J.Agardh) J.Agardh 1863, syn. Amansia binderi J.Agardh 1841, Micramansia binderi (J.Agardh) Kützing 1865,[193] (Kalk Bay on the Cape Peninsula extending along south and east coast to southern Mozambique)[2][133]
  • Placophora monocarpa (Montagne) Papenfuss 1956, syn. Polysiphonia monocarpa Montagne 1842,[194] (Melkbosstrand to Strandfontein in False Bay, possibly further east, endemic)[2]
  • Polysiphonia incompta Harvey 1847,[195] (Namibia, the entire South African coast into Mozambique)[2][133]
  • Polysiphonia namibiensis Stegenga & Engeldow in Stegenga, Bolton & Anderson 1997,[196] (Olifantsbos, Cape Agulhas, Eastern Cape. Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Polysiphonia scopulorum Harvey 1855, syn. Vertebrata scopulorum (Harvey) Kuntze 1891, Lophosiphonia scopulorum (Harvey) Womersley 1950,[197] (Muizenberg and Clovelly in False Bay)[2]
  • Polysiphonia urbana Harvey 1847,[198] (Port Nolloth to Cape Agulhas. Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Polysiphonia virgata (C.Agardh) Sprengel 1827, syn. Hutchinsia virgata C.Agardh 1824, Carradoria virgata (C.Agardh) Kylin 1956, Carradoriella virgata (C.Agardh) P.C.Silva 1996,[199] (Namibia to Brandfontein)[2]
  • Polysiphonia sp.1 (Muizenberg, endemic)[2]
  • Pterosiphonia cloiophylla (C.Agardh) Falkenberg in Schmitz & Falkenberg 1897, syn. Rytiphlaea cloiophylla (C.Agardh) J.Agardh, Rhodomela cloiophylla C.Agardh 1822, Polysiphonia cloiophylla (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1863,[200] (Namibia, Cape west coast and Cape south coast)[2]
  • Pterosiphonia stangeri (J.Agardh) Falkenberg 1901, syn. Polysiphonia stangeri J.Agardh 1863, Vertebrata stangeri (J.Agardh) Kuntze 1891,[201] (Swartklip in False Bay, Cape south coast and KwaZulu-Natal. Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Streblocladia camptoclada (Montagne) Falkenberg 1901, syn. Polysiphonia camptoclada Montagne 1837,[202] (Yzerfontein to Clovelly in False Bay)[2]
  • Streblocladia corymbifera (C.Agardh) Kylin 1938, syn. Hutchinsia corymbifera C.Agardh 1828, Polysiphonia corymbifera (C.Agardh) Endlicher 1843,[203] (Saldanha to St. James in False Bay)[2]
  • Stromatocarpus parasiticus Falkenberg in Schmitz & Falkenberg 1897,[204] (Blaauwberg to Cape Hangklip, endemic)[2]
  • Tayloriella tenebrosa (Harvey) Kylin 1938, Polysiphonia tenebrosa Harvey 1847,[205] (Doring Bay, Muizenberg and Glencairn in False Bay eastward, Southern African endemic)[2]
Family Spyridiaceae[edit]
  • Spyridia filamentosa (Wulfen) Harvey in Hooker 1833, syn. Fucus filamentosus Wulfen 1803, Hutchinsia filamentosa (Wulfen) C.Agardh 1824, Polysiphonia filamentosa (Wulfen) Sprengel 1827, Ceramium filamentosum (Wulfen) C.Agardh 1828,[206] (Rare in Western Cape. False Bay, Eastern Cape to tropical East Africa)[2]
  • Spyridia plumosa F.Schmitz ex J.Agardh 1897,[207] (Camps Bay, Kowie area, extending into KwaZulu-Natal as far as Shelly Beach, endemic)[2][133]
Family Wrangeliaceae[edit]

Order Colaconematales[edit]

Family Colaconemataceae[edit]

Order Corallinales[edit]

Family Corallinaceae[edit]
  • Amphiroa capensis Areschoug 1852,[229] (Llandudno on Cape Peninsula to Kowie River, endemic)[2]
  • Arthrocardia corymbosa (Lamarck) Decaisne 1842, syn. Corallina corymbosa Lamarck 1815, Amphiroa corymbosa (Lamarck) Decaisne 1842, Cheilosporum corymbosum (Lamarck) Decaisne 1842,[230] (Southern Cape Peninsula eastward)[2]
  • Arthrocardia flabellata (Kützing) Manza 1940, syn. Corallina flabellata Kützing 1858,[231] (Probably along most of the southern African coast)[2] (Probably along the entire South African coast extending into Mozambique)[133]
  • Arthrocardia filicula (Lamarck) Johansen 1984, syn. Corallina filicula Lamarck 1815, Cheilosporum palmatum var. filicula (Lamarck) Yendo 1902,[232] (Namibia and west coast)[2]
  • Corallina officinalis Linnaeus 1758,[233] (Oudekraal to Kowie river)[2] (Oudekraal eastward to Mission Rocks)[133]
  • Hydrolithon samoënse (Foslie) Keats & Y.M.Chamberlain 1994, syn. Lithophyllum samoënse Foslie 1906, Pseudolithophyllum samoënse (Foslie) Adey 1970,[234] (Yzerfontein, Western Cape to Sodwana Bay, KwaZulu-Natal.)[235]
  • Jania cultrata (Harvey) J.H.Kim, Guiry & H.-G.Choi 2007, syn. Amphiroa cultrata Harvey 1849, Cheilosporum cultratum (Harvey) Areschoug 1852,[236] (as Cheilosporum cultratum, Platboombaai on Cape Peninsula to Mozambique)[2][133]
  • Jania crassa J.V.Lamouroux 1821,[237] (St. James in False Bay, Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal)[2]
  • Jania sagittata (J.V.Lamouroux) Blainville 1834, syn. Corallina sagittata J.V.Lamouroux 1824, Amphiroa sagittata (J.V.Lamouroux) Decaisne 1842, Arthrocardia sagittata (J.V.Lamouroux) Decaisne 1842, Cheilosporum sagittatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Areschoug 1852,[238] (as Cheilosporum sagittatum, Melkbosstrand to northern Mabibi in KwaZulu-Natal.)[2][133]
  • Jania verrucosa J.V.Lamouroux 1816, syn. Corallina verrucosa (Lamouroux) Kützing 1858,[239] (False Bay eastward)[2][133]
  • Lithophyllum corallinae (P.L.Crouan & H.M.Crouan) Heydrich 1897, syn. Melobesia corallinae P.L.Crouan & H.M.Crouan 1867, Dermatolithon corallinae (P.L.Crouan & H.M.Crouan) Foslie 1902, Lithophyllum pustulatum var. corallinae (P.L.Crouan & H.M.Crouan) Foslie 1905, Lithophyllum macrocarpum f. corallinae (P.L.Crouan & H.M.Crouan) Foslie 1909, Tenarea corallinae (P.L.Crouan & H.M.Crouan) Notoya 1974, Titanoderma corallinae (P.L.Crouan & H.M.Crouan) Woelkerling, Y.M.Chamberlain & P.C.Silva 1985,[240] (Kommetjie (Western Cape) to KwaZulu-Natal)[235]
  • Lithophyllum neoatalayense Masaki 1968,[241] (as Titanoderma neoatalayense, Groenriviermond (Northern Cape) to Cape Agulhas (Western Cape))[235]
  • Lithophyllum polycephalum Foslie, syn. Titanoderma polycephalum (Foslie) Woelkerling, Y.M.Chamberlain & P.C.Silva 1985,[242] (as Titanoderma polycephalum, False Bay to Cape Agulhas (Western Cape))[235]
  • Lithophyllum pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie 1904, syn. Melobesia pustulata J.V.Lamouroux 1816, Titanoderma pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Nägeli 1858, Dermatolithon pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie 1898, Epilithon pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) M.Lemoine 1921, Tenarea pustulata (J.V.Lamouroux) Shameel 1983,[243] (as Titanoderma pustulatum, Occasional throughout the west coast and increasing in abundance toward KwaZulu-Natal where it is particularly abundant.)[235]
  • Pneophyllum coronatum (Rosanoff) Penrose in Chamberlain 1994, syn. Melobesia coronata Rosanoff 1866,[244] (Oudekraal, western Cape Peninsula, Western Cape.)[235]
  • Pneophyllum fragile Kützing 1843,[245] (Widespread along the west coast.)[235]
  • Pneophyllum keatsii Y.M.Chamberlain 1994,[246] (Oudekraal, western Cape Peninsula, Western Cape, to Cape Agulhas, Western Cape.)[235]
  • Spongites discoidea (Foslie) D.Penrose & Woelkerling 1988, syn. Lithophyllum discoideum Foslie 1900, Hydrolithon discoideum (Foslie) M.L.Mendoza & J.Cabioch 1985,[247] (Port Nolloth, Northern Cape, to Cape Agulhas, Western Cape.)[235]
  • Spongites impar (Foslie) Y.M.Chamberlain 1994, syn. Lithophyllum impar Foslie 1909,[248] (Cape St. Martin just south of St. Helena Bay, Western Cape, to Oudekraal, western Cape Peninsula, Western Cape.)[235]
  • Spongites yendoi (Foslie) Y.M.Chamberlain 1993, syn. Lithophyllum yendoi (Foslie) Foslie 1900, Goniolithon yendoi Foslie 1900, Lithothamnion yendoi (Foslie) Lemoine 1965, Pseudolithophyllum yendoi (Foslie) Adey 1970,[249] (Throughout South Africa (Namibia to the Mozambican border). Most abundant along the southern west and south coasts, becoming less common toward the east.)[235]

Order Gelidiales[edit]

Family Gelidiaceae[edit]
  • Gelidium applanatum Stegenga, Bolton & R.J.Anderson 1997,[250] (Vulcan Rock off Hout Bay and Muizenberg)[2]
  • Gelidium capense (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva in P.C.Silva, E.G.Meñez, & Moe 1987,[251] (Melkbosstrand to Kenton on Sea Eastern Cape. Endemic?)[2]
  • Gelidium micropterum Kützing 1868,[252] (Cape Peninsula to Knysna)[2]
  • Gelidium pristoides (Turner) Kützing 1843,[253] (Sea Point and False Bay eastwards)[2]
  • Gelidium pteridifolium R.E.Norris, Hommersand & Fredericq 1987,[254] (Glencairn, Cape Hangklip, Eastern Cape and southern KwaZulu-Natal up to Tinley Manor just north of Durban)[2][133]
  • Gelidium reptans (Suhr) Kylin 1938, syn. Phyllophora reptans Suhr 1841,[255] (Cape Peninsula and False Bay to KwaZulu-Natal and Mozambique)[2][133]
  • Gelidium vittatum (Linnaeus) Kützing 1843, syn. Fucus vittatus Linnaeus 1767, Suhria vittata (Linnaeus) Endlicher 1843, Chaetangium vittatum (Linnaeus) P.G.Parkinson 1981,[256] (Möwe Bay, Nabibia to Brandfontein, drift specimens to Port Elizabeth)[2]

Order Gigartinales[edit]

Family Caulacanthaceae[edit]
  • Caulacanthus ustulatus (Mertens ex Turner) Kützing 1843, syn. Fucus acicularis var. ustulatus Mertens ex Turner 1808, Sphaerococcus ustulatus (Mertens ex Turner) C.Agardh 1828, Gigartina ustulata (Mertens ex Turner) Greville 1830, Hypnea ustulata (Mertens ex Turner) Montagne 1840, Gelidium ustulatum (Mertens ex Turner) J.Agardh 1842, Olivia ustulata (Mertens ex Turner) Montagne 1846,[257] (Whole South African coast)[2]
  • Heringia mirabilis (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1846, syn. Sphaerococcus mirabilis C.Agardh 1820,[258] (Namibia to East london, Southern African endemic)[2]
Family Cystocloniaceae[edit]
  • Hypnea ecklonii Suhr 1836,[259] (Pearly Beach to Namibia, Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Hypnea rosea Papenfuss 1947,[260] (Strand in False Bay and Die Walle, just west of Cape Agulhas, and south and east coasts, endemic)[2][133]
  • Hypnea spicifera (Suhr) Harvey in J. Agardh 1847, syn. Gracilaria spicifera Suhr 1834, Hypnophycus spicifera (Suhr) Kützing 1843,[261] (virtually the entire South African coast, Southern African endemic)[2][133]
  • Hypnea tenuis Kylin 1938,[262] (Mainly south and east coast, as far west as Swartklip in False Bay)[2][133]
  • Rhodophyllis reptans (Suhr) Papenfuss 1956, syn. Halymenia reptans Suhr 1834, Euhymenia reptans (Suhr) Kützing 1849, Kallymenia reptans (Suhr) E.S.Barton 1893,[263] (Hondeklipbaai to KwaZulu-Natal, Southern African endemic)[2]
Family Gigartinaceae[edit]
  • Gigartina bracteata (S.G.Gmelin) Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1933, syn. Fucus bracteatus S.G.Gmelin 1768,[264] (Namibia to Cape of Good Hope, drift material from Muizenberg, Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Gigartina insignis (Endlicher & Diesing) F.Schmitz in E.S.Barton 1896, syn. Iridaea insignis Endlicher & Diesing 1845,[265] (Muizenberg, Cape Hangklip to Kowie River, Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Gigartina pistillata (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse 1809, syn. Fucus pistillatus S.G.Gmelin 1768,[266] (Smitswinkel Bay and Swartklip east to the Kowie area)[2]
  • Gigartina tysonii Reinbold in Tyson 1912,[267] (Three Anchor Bay to Camps Bay, drift specimens from Platboombaai and Olifantsbos, endemic)[2]
  • Iridaea convoluta (Areschoug ex J Agardh) Hewitt 1960, syn. Gigartina convoluta Areschoug ex J.Agardh 1899,[268] (Table Bay to Cape of Good Hope, endemic)[2]
  • Mazzaella capensis (J.Agardh) Fredericq in Hommersand et al. 1993, Iridaea capensis J.Agardh 1848, Iridophycus capensis (J.Agardh) Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1936, Gigartina capensis (J.Agardh) D.H.Kim 1976,[269] (Port Nolloth to Cape Agulhas, extending into Namibia, Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Rhodoglossum alcicorne Stegenga, Bolton & R.J.Anderson 1997,[270] (Hout Bay, endemic)[2]
  • Sarcothalia radula (Esper) Edyvane & Womersley 1994, syn. Fucus radula Esper 1802, Sphaerococcus radula (Esper) C.Agardh 1822, Iridaea radula (Esper) Bory de Saint-Vincent 1828, Gigartina radula (Esper) J.Agardh 1851,[271] (Port Nolloth to Cape Agulhas, rare at De Hoop, extending into Namibia)[2]
  • Sarcothalia scutellata (Hering) Leister 1993, syn. Sphaerococcus scutellatus Hering 1841, Dicurella scutellata (Hering) Papenfuss 1940, Gigartina scutellata (Hering) Simons 1983,[272] (Namibia to Cape Hangklip)[2]
  • Sarcothalia stiriata (Turner) Leister in Hommersand, Guiry, Fredericq & Leister 1993, syn. Fucus stiriata Turner 1807, Sphaerococcus stiriatus (Turner) C.Agardh 1817, Sphaerococcus radula var. stiriatus (Turner) Rudolphi 1831, Mastocarpus stiriatus (Turner) Kützing 1843, Gigartina stiriata (Turner) J.Agardh 1851,[273] (Namibia and Port Nolloth to Cape Agulhas)[2]
Family Kallymeniaceae[edit]
Family Phyllophoraceae[edit]
  • Ahnfeltiopsis complicata (Kützing) P.C.Silva & DeCew 1992, syn. Chondrus complicatus Kützing 1849, Gymnogongrus complicatus (Kützing) Papenfuss 1943,[279] (Namibia to False Bay, Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Ahnfeltiopsis glomerata (J.Agardh) P.C.Silva & DeCew 1992, syn. Gymnogongrus glomeratus J.Agardh 1849,[280] (Namibia to Cape Agulhas, Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Ahnfeltiopsis intermedia (Kylin) Stegenga, Bolton & R.J.Anderson 1997, syn. Gymnogongrus intermedius Kylin 1938,[281] (Kalk Bay, Sea Point and possibly Keurboomstrand in Plettenberg Bay)[2]
  • Ahnfeltiopsis polyclada (Kützing) P.C.Silva & DeCew 1992, syn. Chondrus polycladus Kützing 1849, Gymnogongrus polycladus (Kützing) J.Agardh 1851,[282] (False Bay to Brandfontein, possibly Melkbosstrand and Postberg)[2]
  • Ahnfeltiopsis vermicularis (C.Agardh) P.C.Silva & DeCew 1992, syn. Sphaerococcus vermicularis C.Agardh 1817, Gymnogongrus vermicularis (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1851,[283] (Hondeklipbaai to False Bay, South African endemic)[2]
  • Gymnogongrus dilatatus (Turner) J.Agardh 1851, syn. Fucus dilatatus Turner 1811, Sphaerococcus dilatatus (Turner) C.Agardh 1817, Pachycarpus dilatatus (Turner) Kützing 1843,[284] (Namibia to southern Cape Peninsula, drift material from Muizenberg)[2]
Family Rhizophyllidaceae[edit]
  • Portieria hornemannii (Lyngbye) P.C.Silva in P.C. Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, syn. Desmia hornemannii Lyngbye 1819, Chondrococcus hornemannii (Lyngbye) F.Schmitz 1895,[285] (Table Bay, False Bay, south and east coast, extending into Mozambique)[2][133]

Order Gracilariales[edit]

Family Gracilariaceae[edit]
  • Gracilaria verrucosa (Hudson) Papenfuss 1950, syn. Fucus verrucosus Hudson 1762,[286] (recorded from: St Helena Bay, Velddrif, Saldanha Bay, Langebaan Lagoon, Table Bay, False bay, Swartkops River)[2]
  • Gracilariopsis lemaneiformis(Bory de Saint-Vincent) E.Y.Dawson, Acleto & Foldvik 1964, syn. Gigartina lemaneiformis Bory de Saint-Vincent 1828, Gracilaria lemaneiformis (Bory de Saint-Vincent) Greville 1830, Cordylecladia lemanaeformis (Bory de Saint-Vincent) M.A.Howe 1914,[287] (Simon's Town in False Bay)[2]
Family Pterocladiophilaceae[edit]
  • Gelidiocolax suhriae (M.T.Martin & M.A.Pocock) K.-C.Fan & Papenfuss 1959, syn. Choreocolax suhriae M.T.Martin & M.A.Pocock 1953,[288] (Blaauwberg to Strandfontein, endemic)[2]

Order Halymeniales[edit]

Family Halymeniaceae[edit]
  • Grateloupia doryphora (Montagne) M.A.Howe 1914, syn. Halymenia doryphora Montagne 1839,[289] (Port Nolloth to Cape Agulhas)[2]
  • Grateloupia filicina (J.V.Lamouroux) C.Agardh 1822, syn. Delesseria filicina J.V.Lamouroux 1813,[290] (Whole west coast and south coast to Eastern Cape as far as the Kowie area)[2]
  • Pachymenia orbitosa (Suhr) L.K.Russell in L.K. Russell et al. 2009' syn. Iridaea orbitosa Suhr 1840, Aeodes orbitosa (Suhr) F.Schmitz 1894,[291] (Whole Cape west coast, extending into Namibia, and eastward at least as far as Cape Agulhas, endemic)[2]
  • Pachymenia carnosa (J.Agardh) J.Agardh 1876, syn. Platymenia carnosa J.Agardh 1848. Iridaea carnosa (J.Agardh) Kützing 1849, Schizymenia carnosa (J.Agardh) J.Agardh 1851,[292] (Whole west coast into Namibia, eastward to Brandtfontein)[2]
  • Pachymenia cornea (Kützing) Chiang 1970, syn. Iridaea cornea Kützing 1867, Cyrtymenia cornea (Kützing) F.Schmitz 1897, Phyllymenia cornea (Kützing) Setchell & Gardner 1936,[293] (Doring Bay to East London)[2]
  • Polyopes constrictus (Turner) J.Agardh 1851, syn. Fucus constrictus Turner 1809, Sphaerococcus constrictus (Turner) C.Agardh 1822, Gelidium constrictum (Turner) Kützing 1849,[294] (Doring Bay to Kei River mouth)[2]
Family Tsengiaceae[edit]
  • Tsengia lanceolata (J.Agardh) Saunders & Kraft 2002, syn. Nemastoma lanceolatum J.Agardh 1847,[295] (Hondeklipbaai to Cape Hangklip)[2]
  • Tsengia pulchra (Baardseth) Masuda & Guiry 1994, syn. Nemastoma pulchrum Baardseth 1941,[296] (found only once at the Cape of Good Hope)[2]

Order Hildenbrandiales[edit]

Family Hildenbrandiaceae[edit]

Order Nemaliales[edit]

Family Liagoraceae[edit]
Family Scinaiaceae[edit]

Order Nemastomatales[edit]

Family Schizymeniaceae[edit]
  • Schizymenia apoda (J.Agardh) J.Agardh 1851, syn. Platymenia apoda J.Agardh 1848, Platymenia undulata var. obovata J.Agardh 1848, Schizymenia obovata (J.Agardh) J.Agardh 1851,[305] (Port Nolloth to Cape Agulhas)[2]

Order Palmariales[edit]

Family Meiodiscaceae[edit]
  • Meiodiscus concrescens (K.M.Drew) P.W.Gabrielson in Gabrielsen et al. 2000, syn. Audouinella concrescens (K.M.Drew) P.S.Dixon 1976, Rhodochorton concrescens, K.M. Drew 1928,[306] (Hout Bay)[2]
Family Rhodophysemataceae[edit]
Family Rhodothamniellaceae[edit]

Order Peyssonneliales[edit]

Family Peyssonneliaceae[edit]
  • Peyssonnelia atropurpurea P.L.Crouan & H.M.Crouan 1867,[309] (Yzerfontein to Brandfontein)[2]
  • Sonderophycus capensis (Montagne) M.J.Wynne 2011, Peyssonnelia capensis Montagne 1847, Pterigospermum capense (Montagne) Kuntze 1891, Sonderopelta capensis (Montagne) A.D.Krayesky 2009,[310] (as Peyssonnelia capensis, Hout Bay on Cape Peninsula eastwards extending into Mozambique)[2][133]

Order Plocamiales[edit]

Family Plocamiaceae[edit]
  • Plocamiocolax papenfussianus M.F.Martin & M.A.Pocock 1953,[311] (Melkbosstrand to East London, endemic)[2] (Arniston north to Rabbit Rock in KwaZulu-Natal)[133]
  • Plocamium beckeri F.Schmitz ex Simons 1964,[312] (Collected at Muizenberg, Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal)[2]
  • Coral plocamium Plocamium corallorhiza (Turner) J.D.Hooker & Harvey 1845, syn. Fucus corallorhiza Turner 1808, Thamnophora corallorhiza (Turner) C.Agardh 1822,[313] (Yzerfontein to KwaZulu-Natal extending into southern Mozambique)[2][133]
  • Plocamium cornutum (Turner) Harvey 1849, syn. Fucus cornutus Turner 1819, Thamnophora cornuta (Turner) Greville 1830, Thamnocarpus cornutus (Turner) Kützing 1843,[314] (entire coastline of the Western Cape to Namibia, rarer in the Eastern Cape, Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Plocamium glomeratum J.Agardh 1851,[315] (Namibia to Still Bay, Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Plocamium maxillosum (Poiret) J.V.Lamouroux 1813, syn. Fucus maxillosus Poiret 1808,[316] (Hondeklipbaai to Cape Agulhas, endemic)[2]
  • Plocamium rigidum Bory de Saint-Vincent in Bélanger & Bory de Saint-Vincent 1834, syn. Nereidea rigida (Bory de Saint-Vincent) Kuntze 1891,[317] (Namibia to Eastern Cape, Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Plocamium sp. indet. (False Bay coast, endemic?)[2]
Family Sarcodiaceae[edit]
  • Trematocarpus flabellatus (J.Agardh) De Toni 1900, syn. Phyllotylus flabellatus J.Agardh 1847, Dicurella flabellata (J.Agardh) J.Agardh 1852,[318] (Lüderitz to Port Elizabeth, Southern African endemic)[2]
  • Trematocarpus fragilis (C.Agardh) De Toni 1900, syn. Sphaerococcus fragilis C.Agardh 1822, Chondrus fragilis (C.Agardh) Greville 1830, Dicurella fragilis (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1852,[319] (Port Nolloth to Brandfontein, Southern African endemic)[2]

Order Rhodymeniales[edit]

Family Champiaceae[edit]
  • Champia compressa Harvey 1838,[320] (False Bay eastward to northern KwaZulu-Natal and extending into Mozambique. Rarer on west side of Cape Peninsula and also found at Kraalbaai and Paternoster)[2][133]
Family Lomentariaceae[edit]
Family Rhodymeniaceae[edit]
  • Botryocladia paucivesicaria Stegenga, Bolton & R.J.Anderson 1997,[322] (Known from drift specimens collected on the west side of Cape peninsula at Noordhoek Beach and Olifantsbos, endemic)[2]
  • Rhodymenia holmesii Ardissone 1893, (drift material from Olifantsbos)[2][324] (Southern half of the Cape Peninsula, endemic)[2]
  • Rhodymenia natalensis Kylin 1938,[325] (From Namibia along the whole of the South African coast extending into southern Mozambique)[2][133]
  • Rhodymenia obtusa (Greville) Womersley 1996, syn. Phyllophora obtusa Greville 1831, Epymenia obtusa (Greville) Kützing 1849,[326] (Muizenberg and the southern Cape Peninsula to Namibia)[2]
  • Rhodymenia pseudopalmata (J.V.Lamouroux) P.C.Silva 1952, syn. Fucus pseudopalmatus J.V.Lamouroux 1805, Delesseria pseudopalmata (J.V.Lamouroux) J.V.Lamouroux 1813,[327] (From drift at Strandfontein)[2]

Class Rhodophyta incertae sedis[edit]

Order Rhodophycophyta incertae sedis[edit]

Family Rhodophycophyta incertae sedis[edit]

Class: Stylonematophyceae[edit]

Order: Stylonematales[edit]

Family Stylonemataceae[edit]


Geographical position of places mentioned in species ranges[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2012. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=21218; searched on 26 February 2012
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp jq jr js jt ju jv jw jx jy jz ka kb kc kd ke kf kg kh ki kj kk kl km kn ko kp kq kr ks kt ku kv kw kx ky kz la lb lc ld le lf lg lh li lj lk Stegenga, H., Bolton, J.J., & Anderson, R.J. 1997. Seaweeds of the South African West Coast. Contributions from the Bolus Herbarium, University of Cape Town. ISBN 0-7992-1793-X
  3. ^ Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2012. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=3440; searched on 26 February 2012
  4. ^ M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2012. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=44; searched on 26 February 2012
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  7. ^ Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2012. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=1137; searched on 26 February 2012
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Coppejans, E., Leliaert, F and Verbruggen, H. in De Clerck, O., Bolton, J.J., Anderson, R. J. & Coppejans, E. 2005. Guide to the Seaweeds of KwazZulu-Natal. Scripta Botanica Belgica Volume 33. Joint publication of: National Botanical gardens of Belgium, VLIZ Flanders Marine Institute and Flemish Community. ISBN 90-72619-64-1
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