List of senators in the 1st Parliament of Canada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of members of the Canadian Senate in the 1st Parliament of Canada.

Queen Victoria granted Royal Assent to the British North America Act on March 29, 1867, forming the new nation of Canada on July 1 of 1867. Dominion elections were held in August and September to elect the first Canadian Parliament. Prior to the first sitting of Parliament, the Members of Parliament met to appoint the 72 senators to the Canadian Senate.[clarification needed]

The 72 seats in the initial Canadian Senate were divided as follows: 24 to Ontario, 24 to Quebec, 12 to New Brunswick, 12 to Nova Scotia. Of the 72 appointed, two declined the appointment, and 2 seats remained vacant.

The province of Quebec has 24 Senate divisions which are constitutionally mandated. In all other provinces, a Senate division is strictly an optional designation of the senator's own choosing, and has no real constitutional or legal standing. A senator who does not choose a special senate division is designated a senator for the province at large.

On July 15, 1870, Manitoba became the 5th Canadian province and was allotted 2 seats in the Senate. With the increase, the number of seats in the Senate rose to 74. The seats were not filled until December 13, 1871, when Lord Lisgar, on the advice of John A. Macdonald, filled those two seats.

On July 20, 1871, British Columbia became the 6th Canadian province and was allotted 3 seats in the Senate bringing the combined number of seats in the Senate to 77. On December 13, 1871, Lord Lisgar, on the advice of John A. Macdonald, appointed three persons to fill those seats.

List of senators[edit]

Senators at the beginning of the 1st Parliament[edit]

Name Party Province (Division) Date appointed Appointed by Left office during 1st Parliament Reason
  James Cox Aikins Liberal-Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
  George William Allan Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
     John Anderson Liberal Nova Scotia October 23, 1867 Victoria December 24, 1870 Death
  Thomas Archibald Liberal-Conservative Nova Scotia October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Joseph Armand Conservative Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Narcisse Belleau Conservative Québec October 23, 1867 Victoria October 23, 1867 Appointment Declined
  Caleb Bill Liberal-Conservative Nova Scotia October 23, 1867 Victoria February 1, 1872 Death
     Adam Blair Liberal Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria December 29, 1867 Death
  Joseph Bossé Conservative Québec October 23, 1867 Victoria January 1, 1868 Resignation
  Amos Botsford Conservative New Brunswick October 23, 1867 Victoria
  John Bourinot Liberal-Conservative Nova Scotia October 23, 1867 Victoria
     Jacques-Olivier Bureau Liberal Québec October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Asa Burnham Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Alexander Campbell Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
     William Henry Chaffers Liberal Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Edward Chandler Liberal-Conservative New Brunswick October 23, 1867 Victoria October 23, 1867 Appointment Declined
     David Christie Liberal Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
     Charles Cormier Liberal Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
  George Crawford Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria July 4, 1870 Death
  Robert Dickey Conservative Nova Scotia October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Walter Dickson Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Antoine Duchesnay Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria January 7, 1871 Resignation
  Henri Duchesnay Conservative Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria May 12, 1871 Death
  Léandre Dumouchel Conservative Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
  John Ferguson Conservative New Brunswick October 23, 1867 Victoria
  James Ferrier Conservative Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
     Billa Flint Liberal Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Asa Foster Conservative Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Jean-Baptiste Guévremont Conservative Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
  John Hamilton Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
  John Hamilton Conservative Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Robert Hazen Conservative New Brunswick October 23, 1867 Victoria
  John Holmes Conservative Nova Scotia October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Edward Kenny Conservative Nova Scotia October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Louis Lacoste Conservative Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
     Elijah Leonard Liberal Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
  James Leslie Conservative Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
     Luc Letellier de St-Just Liberal Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
     John Locke Liberal Nova Scotia October 23, 1867 Victoria
  David Macpherson Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
     Charles Malhiot Liberal Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Roderick Matheson Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
     Abner McClelan Liberal New Brunswick October 23, 1867 Victoria
     Walter McCrea Liberal Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria January 5, 1871 Resignation
     Jonathan McCully Liberal Nova Scotia October 23, 1867 Victoria September 28, 1870 Resignation
     Donald McDonald Liberal Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
     William McMaster Liberal Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
  William Miller Liberal-Conservative Nova Scotia October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Samuel Mills Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Peter Mitchell Liberal-Conservative New Brunswick October 23, 1867 Victoria July 13, 1872 Resignation [1]
  William Odell Conservative New Brunswick October 23, 1867 Victoria
     Louis Auguste Olivier Liberal Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
  David Edward Price Conservative Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
     David Reesor Liberal Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Louis Renaud Conservative Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
  John Ritchie Conservative Nova Scotia October 23, 1867 Victoria September 28, 1870 Resignation
     John Robertson Liberal New Brunswick October 23, 1867 Victoria
  John Ross Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria January 31, 1871 Death
  Thomas Ryan Liberal-Conservative Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria
     John Sanborn Liberal Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria October 1, 1872 Resignation [2]
  Benjamin Seymour Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
  James Shaw Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
     John Simpson Liberal Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
  James Skead Conservative Ontario October 23, 1867 Victoria
     William Steeves Liberal New Brunswick October 23, 1867 Victoria
     Ulric Tessier Liberal Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria February 11, 1873 Resignation [3]
     David Wark Liberal New Brunswick October 23, 1867 Victoria
     Benjamin Wier Liberal Nova Scotia October 23, 1867 Victoria April 14, 1868 Death
  Robert Wilmot Conservative New Brunswick October 23, 1867 Victoria
  Charles Wilson Conservative Quebec October 23, 1867 Victoria

Members of the Liberal-Conservative Party were associated with the Conservative Party of Canada.

Senators appointed during the 1st Parliament[edit]

[4] Name Party Province (Division) Date appointed Appointed by On the Advice of Left office Reason
  Joseph Édouard Cauchon Independent Conservative Quebec (Stadacona) November 2, 1867 Viscount Monck Macdonald June 30, 1872 Resignation
  Jean-Charles Chapais Conservative Quebec (De la Durantaye) January 30, 1868 Viscount Monck Macdonald
  James Rea Benson Liberal-Conservative Ontario March 14, 1868 Viscount Monck Macdonald
     James Dever Liberal New Brunswick March 14, 1868 Viscount Monck Macdonald
     John Glasier Liberal New Brunswick March 14, 1868 Viscount Monck Macdonald
  Archibald Woodbury McLelan Liberal-Conservative Nova Scotia June 21,1869 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
  Alexander Macfarlane Conservative Nova Scotia October 10, 1870 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
     Jeremiah Northup Liberal Nova Scotia October 10, 1870 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
  Ebenezer Perry Conservative Ontario February 2, 1871 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
  Frank Smith Conservative Ontario February 2, 1871 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
  Ezra Churchill Liberal-Conservative Nova Scotia February 3, 2871 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
  Louis Panet Conservative Quebec (La Salle) February 10, 1871 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
  Robert Read Conservative Ontario February 24, 1871 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
  Robert William Weir Carrall Conservative British Columbia December 13, 1871 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
  Clement Francis Cornwall Conservative British Columbia December 13, 1871 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
  Alexandre-René Chaussegros de Léry Conservative Quebec (Lauzon) December 13, 1871 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
  Marc-Amable Girard Conservative Manitoba December 13, 1871 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
  William John Macdonald Conservative British Columbia December 13, 1871 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
  John Sutherland Independent Conservative Manitoba December 13, 1871 Baron Lisgar Macdonald
  Henry Adolphus Newman Kaulback Conservative Nova Scotia March 27, 1872 Baron Lisgar Macdonald

Members of the Liberal-Conservative Party were associated with the Conservative Party of Canada.

  • Senators in bold were cabinet ministers during the 1st Parliament

Changes in party affiliation during the 1st Parliament[edit]

Date Name Party (current) Party (previously) Details
  November 2, 1867 Joseph Édouard Cauchon Independent Conservative Conservative
  January 30, 1869 Archibald Woodbury McLelan Conservative Anti-Confederate

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Senator Mitchell resigned after the Dissolution of the 1st Parliament on July 8, 1872, but before the convening of the 2nd Parliament on March 5, 1873.
  2. ^ Senator Sanborn resigned after the Dissolution of the 1st Parliament on July 8, 1872, but before the convening of the 2nd Parliament on March 5, 1873.
  3. ^ Senator Tessier resigned after the Dissolution of the 1st Parliament on July 8, 1872, but before the convening of the 2nd Parliament on March 5, 1873.
  4. ^ "Senators: 1st Parliament of Canada". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved February 9, 2012.