List of seowon

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This is a partial list of seowon. The seowon were Korean Confucian institutions which combined the roles of Confucian shrine and academy.

The seowon here are listed according to the province in which they were located.

Gyeonggi[edit]

Name Hangul
Hanja
Location Chief enshrined sage Founding Closure Notes
Chungnyeolsa 충렬사
Ganghwado, Incheon Kim Sang-yong Exempted in 1871
Deokbong Seowon 덕봉서원
Yangseong-myeon, Anseong O Du-in Exempted in 1871
Ganghansa 강한사
Yeoju Song Si-yeol Exempted in 1871
Gigongsa 기공사
Goyang Gwon Yul Exempted in 1871
Hyeonjeolsa 현절사
Gwangju Kim Sang-heon Exempted in 1871
Nogang Seowon 노강서원
Gwacheon Pak Tae-bo Exempted in 1871
Pasan Seowon 파산서원
Paju Seong Hon Exempted in 1871
Sachung Seowon 사충서원
Gwacheon Kim Chang-jip Exempted in 1871
Simgok Seowon 심곡서원
Yongin Jo Gwang-jo Exempted in 1871
Sungyang Seowon 숭양서원
Kaesong Jeong Mong-ju Exempted in 1871
Ujeo Seowon 우저서원
Gimpo Jo Heon Exempted in 1871
Yongyeon Seowon 용연서원
Pocheon Yi Deok-hyeong Exempted in 1871

Chungcheong[edit]

Name Hangul
Hanja
Location Chief enshrined sage Founding Closure Notes
Changnyeolsa 창렬사
Hongsan-myeon, Buyeo Yun Jip Exempted in 1871.
Chungnyeolsa 충렬사
Chungju Im Gyeong-eop Exempted in 1871.
Dunam Seowon 둔암서원
Yeonsan-myeon, Nonsan Kim Gang-saeng Exempted in 1871.
Nogang Seowon 노강서원
Noseong-myeon, Nonsan Yun Hwang Exempted in 1871.
Pyochungsa 표충사
Cheongju Yi Bong-sang Exempted in 1871.

Jeolla[edit]

Name Hangul
Hanja
Location Chief enshrined sage Founding Closure Notes
Gyullim Seowon 귤림서원
Jeju City Kim Jeong 1665 1871 by royal decree Founded by Choe Jin-nam
Jocheon Seowon 조천서원
Jeju City Gang Ji-yeon 1871 by royal decree
Museong Seowon 무성서원
武城書院
Taein-myeon, Jeongeup Choe Chi-won Exempted in 1871
Piram Seowon 필암서원
筆巖書院
Jangseong Kim In-hu Exempted in 1871
Pochungsa 포충사
褒忠祠
Gwangju Go Gyeong-myeon Exempted in 1871

Gyeongsang[edit]

North Gyeongsang[edit]

Name Hangul
Hanja
Location Chief enshrined sage Founding Closure Notes
Byeongsan Seowon 병산서원
屛山書院
Byeongsan-ri, Pungcheon-myeon, Andong Yu Seong-ryong 1620 Exempted in 1871 [1]
Changnyeolsa 충렬사
Jinju Kim Cheon-il Exempted in 1871
Chungnyeolsa 충렬사 Goseong Yi Sun-sin Exempted in 1871
Chungnyeolsa 충렬사 Dongnae-gu, Busan Song Sang-hyeon Exempted in 1871
Dobong Seowon 도봉서원 Hyeonpung-myeon, Dalseong-gun, Daegu Kim Goeng-pil Exempted in 1871
Dongnak Seowon 동락서원
Jinmi-dong (373 Imsu-dong) Gumi
Dosan Seowon 도산서원
陶山書院
Yean-myeon, Andong Yi Hwang Exempted in 1871 Depicted on the reverse of the South Korean 1,000 won bill from 1975 to 2007
Geumo Seowon 금오서원 Seonsan-eup, Gumi Gil Jae Exempted in 1871
Heungam Seowon 흥암서원 Sangju Song Jun-gil Exempted in 1871
Huiyeon Seowon 희연서원
258, Sinjeong-ri, Suryun-myen, Seongju County
Imgo Seowon 임고서원
462-21, Yanghang-ri, Imgo-myeon, Yeongcheon 1553 (명종 8)
Jagye Seowon 자계서원 Seowon-ri, Iseo-myeon, Cheongdo County 1518 [2]
Namgye Seowon 남계서원 Hamyang Jeong Yeo-chang Exempted in 1871
Okdong Seowon 옥동서원 546, Subong-ri, Modong-myeon, Sangju Hwang Hui 1518년(중종 13) Exempted in 1871 [3]
Oksan Seowon 옥산서원 Gyeongju Yi Eon-jeok Exempted in 1871
Pochungsa 포충사 Geochang Yi Sul-won Exempted in 1871
Pyochung Seowon 표충서원 Miryang Songun Yu Jeong The only seowon inside a Buddhist temple.
Samgye Seowon 삼계서원
Samgye-ri, Bonghwa-eup, Bonghwa County [4]
Seoak Seowon 서악서원 Gyeongju Seol Chong Exempted in 1871
Sincheon Seowon 신천서원 421-2, Wangsin-ri, Yeocheon-eup, Yecheon County 1624 <!closer--> [5]
Sosu Seowon 소수서원
紹修書院
Sunheung-myeon, Yeongju An Hyang Exempted in 1871 Considered the first seowon.
Yerim Seowon 예림서원
禮林書院
Miryang Kim Jong-jik 1871 by royal decree.
Yonggye Seowon 용계서원
303 Yongsan-ri, Jayang-myeon, Yeongcheon 1684 (숙종 10) [6]

Gangwon[edit]

Name Hangul
Hanja
Location Chief enshrined sage Founding Closure Notes
Changjeol Seowon 창절서원
Yeongwol Pak Paeng-nyeon Exempted in 1871
Chungnyeol Seowon 충렬서원
Kimhwa Hong Myeong-gu Exempted in 1871
Pochungsa 포충사
Cheorwon Kim Eung-ha Exempted in 1871

Hwanghae[edit]

Name Hangul
Hanja
Location Chief enshrined sage Founding Closure Notes
Bongyang Seowon 보양서원
Changyŏn Pak Se-chae Exempted in 1871.
Cheongseongmyo 청성묘
Haeju Bo Yi (伯夷) Exempted in 1871. Dedicated to a Chinese sage.
Munhoe Seowon 문회서원
Paech'ŏn Yi I Exempted in 1871.
Taesasa 태사사
P'yŏngsan Sin Sung-gyeom Exempted in 1871.

Hamgyeong[edit]

Name Hangul
Hanja
Location Chief enshrined sage Founding Closure Notes
Nodeok Seowon
Pukch'ŏng Yi Hang-bok Exempted in 1871.

Pyeongan[edit]

Name Hangul
Hanja
Location Chief enshrined sage Founding Closure Notes
Chungminsa 충민사
忠愍祠
Anju Nam I-heung Exempted in 1871.
Muyeolsa 무열사
武烈祠
P'yŏngyang Four including Shi Xing (石星), Li Rusong Exempted in 1871, but closed later. Dedicated to Chinese sages
Pyojeolsa 표절사
表節祠
Chŏngju Jeong Si Exempted in 1871
Samchungsa 삼충사
三忠祠
P'yŏngwŏn Zhuge Liang, Yue Fei, Wen Tianxiang Exempted in 1871, but closed later. Dedicated to Chinese sages.
Suchungsa 수충사
酬忠祠
Ryŏngbyŏn Songun Yu Jeong, Hyu Jeong Exempted in 1871, but closed later. Dedicated to Buddhist monks.

Ulsan[edit]

Name Hangul
Hanja
Location Chief enshrined sage Founding Closure Notes
Chisan Seowon 치산 서원
岐山誓言
Manhwa-ri, Dudong-myeon Ulju-gun, Ulsan Metropolitan City Park Jae-sang Exempted in 1871. Park's wife Chisul-sinmo shrine is here, Chisan Seowon was built upon the site of the shrine during the Joseon Dynasty.

References[edit]

  • 새國史事典. Seoul: Kyohaksa. 1983. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]