List of sequenced protist genomes

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This list of sequenced protist genomes contains all the protist species known to have publicly available complete genome sequences that have been assembled, annotated and published; draft genomes aren't included, nor are organelle only sequences.


Alveolata are a group of protists which includes the Ciliophora, Apicomplexa and Dinoflagellata. Members of this group are of particular interest to science as the cause of serious human and livestock diseases.

Organism Type Relevance Genome size Number of genes predicted Organization Year of completion Assembly Status Links
Babesia bovis Apicomplexan Cattle pathogen 8.2 Mb 3,671 2007[1]
Breviolum minutim (Symbiodinium minutum; clade B1) Dinoflagellate Coral symbiont 1.5 Gb 47,014 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology 2013[2] Draft OIST Marine Genomics[3]
Cladocopium goreaui (Symbiodinium goreaui; Clade C1) Dinoflagellate Coral symbiont 1.19 Gb 35,913 Reef Future Genomics (ReFuGe) 2020/ University of Queensland 2018[4] Draft ReFuGe 2020[5]
Cladocopium C92 strain Y103 (Symbiodinium sp. clade C; putative type C92) Dinoflagellate Foraminiferan symbiont Unknown (assembly size 0.70 Gb) 65,832 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology 2018[6] Draft OIST Marine Genomics[3]
Cryptosporidium hominis
Apicomplexan Human pathogen 10.4 Mb 3,994[7] Virginia Commonwealth University 2004[7]
Cryptosporidium parvum
C- or genotype 2 isolate
Apicomplexan Human pathogen 16.5 Mb 3,807[8] UCSF and University of Minnesota 2004[8]
Eimeria tenella
Houghton strain
Apicomplexan Intestinal parasite of domestic fowl 55-60 Mb[9] The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute[10] Available for download;[10] 2007 for Chr 1[11]
Fugacium kawagutii CS156=CCMP2468 (Symbiodinium kawagutii; clade F1) Dinoflagellate Coral symbiont? 1.07 Gb 26,609 Reef Future Genomics (ReFuGe) 2020 / University of Queensland 2018[4] Draft ReFuGe 2020[5]
Fugacium kawagutii CCMP2468 (Symbiodinium kawagutii; clade F1) Dinoflagellate Coral symbiont? 1.18 Gb 36,850 University of Connecticut / Xiamen University 2015[12] Draft S. kawagutii genome project[13]
Neospora caninum Apicomplexan Pathogen for cattle and dogs 62 Mb[14] The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute[15] Available for download[15]
Paramecium tetraurelia Ciliate Model organism 72 Mb 39,642[16] Genoscope 2006[16]
Plasmodium berghei
Apicomplexan Rabbit malaria 18.5 Mb[17] 4,900;[17] 11,654 (UniProt)
Plasmodium chabaudi Apicomplexan Rodent malaria 19.8 Mb[18] 5,000[18]
Plasmodium falciparum
Apicomplexan Human pathogen (malaria) 22.9 Mb 5,268[19] Malaria Genome Project Consortium 2002[19]
Plasmodium knowlesi Apicomplexan Primate pathogen (malaria) 23.5 Mb 5,188[20] 2008[20]
Plasmodium vivax Apicomplexan Human pathogen (malaria) 26.8 Mb 5,433[21] 2008[21]
Plasmodium yoelii yoelii
Apicomplexan Rodent pathogen (malaria) 23.1 Mb 5,878[22] TIGR and NMRC 2002[22]
Symbiodinium microadriaticum (clade A) Dinoflagellate Coral symbiont 1.1 Gb 49,109 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology 2016[23] Draft Reef Genomics[24]
Symbiodinium A3 strain Y106 (Symbiodinium sp. clade A3) Dinoflagellate symbiont Unknown (assembly size 0.77 Gb) 69,018 Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology 2018[6] Draft OIST Marine Genomics[3]
Tetrahymena thermophila Ciliate Model organism 104 Mb 27,000[25] 2006[25]
Theileria annulata
Ankara clone C9
Apicomplexan Cattle pathogen 8.3 Mb 3,792 Sanger 2005[26]
Theileria parva
Apicomplexan Cattle pathogen (African east coast fever) 8.3 Mb 4,035[27] TIGR and the International Livestock Research Institute 2005[27]
Toxoplasma gondii
GT1, ME49, VEG strains
Apicomplexan Mammal pathogen 63 Mb (RefSeq) 8,100 (UniProt) - 9,000 (EuPathDB) J. Craig Venter Inst., TIGR, UPenn. 2008[28]


Amoebozoa are a group of motile amoeboid protists, members of this group move or feed by means of temporary projections, called pseudopods. The best known member of this group is the slime mold which has been studied for centuries; other members include the Archamoebae, Tubulinea and Flabellinea. Some Amoeboza cause disease.

Organism Type Relevance Genome size Number of genes predicted Organization Year of completion
Dictyostelium discoideum
Slime mold Model organism 34 Mb 12,500[29] Consortium from University of Cologne, Baylor College of Medicine and the Sanger Centre 2005[29]
Entamoeba histolytica
Parasitic protozoan Human pathogen (amoebic dysentery) 23.8 Mb 9,938[30] TIGR, Sanger Institute and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine 2005[30]
Polysphondylium pallidum
Slime mold Model organism 12,939,[31] 12,350 (UniProt) Leibniz Institute for Age Research 2009[31]


The Chromista are a group of protists that contains the algal phyla Heterokontophyta (stramenopiles), Haptophyta and Cryptophyta. Members of this group are mostly studied for evolutionary interest.

Organism Type Relevance Genome size Number of genes predicted Organization Year of completion
Albugo laibachii Oomycete Arabidopsis parasite, biotroph 37 Mb[32] 13,032[32] 2011[32]
Aureococcus anophagefferens
Pelagophyte DOE Joint Genome Institute 2011[33]
Bigelowiella natans Chlorarachniophyte Model organism nucleomorph: 0.331 Mb
nuclear: 95 Mb
nucleomorph: 373[34]
nuclear: >21,000[35]
nucleomorph: Hall Institute Australia, Univ. Melbourne, Univ. BC
nuclear: Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
2006,[34] 2012[35]
Chroomonas mesostigmatica CCMP1168 Cryptophyta 2012[36]
Cryptomonas paramecium Cryptophyta 2010[37]
Emiliania huxleyi
Coccolithophore (phytoplankton) 141.7 Mb[38] 30,569[38] Joint Genome Institute 2013[38]
Emiliania huxleyi
Coccolithophore (phytoplankton) Available for download[39]
Fragilariopsis cylindrus Diatom 61.1 Mb[40] 21,066[40] Joint Genome Institute 2017[40]
Guillardia theta Cryptomonad Model organism 0.551 Mb (nucleomorph genome only)
87 Mb (nuclear genome)
nucleomorph: 465[41] 513, 598 (UniProt)
nuclear: >21,000[35]
nucleomorph: Canadian Institute of Advanced Research, Philipps-University Marburg and the University of British Columbia
nuclear: Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
2001,[41] 2012[35]
Hemiselmis andersenii
Cryptomonad Model organism 0.572 Mb
(nucleomorph genome only)
472,[42] 502 (UniProt) Canadian Institute of Advanced Research 2007[42]
Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis Oomycete obligate biotroph, Arabidopsis pathogen WUGSC 2010[43]
Nannochloropis gaditana
Strain: CCMP526
Eustigmatophyte Lipid-producing, biotechnology applications Virginia Bioinformatics Institute 2012[44]
Phaeodactylum tricornutum
Strain: CCAP1055/1
Diatom 27.4 Mb 10,402 Joint Genome Institute 2008[45]
Phytophthora infestans
Oomycete Irish potato famine pathogen Broad Institute 2009[46]
Phytophthora ramorum Oomycete Sudden oak death pathogen 65 Mb (7x) 15,743 Joint Genome Institute et al. 2006[47]
Phytophthora sojae Oomycete Soybean pathogen 95 Mb (9x) 19,027 Joint Genome Institute et al. 2006[47]
Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries Diatom Joint Genome Institute
Plasmodiophora brassicae Plasmodiophorid Clubroot disease pathogen 25.5 Mb 9,730 SLU Uppsala et al. 2015[48]
Pythium ultimum Oomycete ubiquitous plant pathogen 42.8 Mb 15,290 Michigan State University et al. 2010[49]
Thalassiosira pseudonana
Strain:CCMP 1335
Diatom 34.5 Mb 11,242[50] Joint Genome Institute and the University of Washington 2004[50]


Excavata is a group of related free living and symbiotic protists; it includes the Metamonada, Loukozoa, Euglenozoa and Percolozoa. They are researched for their role in human disease.

Organism Type Relevance Genome size Number of genes predicted Organization Year of completion
Giardia enterica (G. duodenalis assemblage B) Parasitic protozoan Human pathogen (Giardiasis) 11.7 Mb 4,470[51] multicenter collaboration 2009[51]
Giardia duodenalis
ATCC 50803
(Giardia duodenalis assemblage A)
Parasitic protozoan Human pathogen (Giardiasis) 11.7 Mb 6,470,[52] 7,153 (UniProt) Karolinska Institutet, Marine Biological Laboratory 2007[52]
Leishmania braziliensis
Parasitic protozoan Human pathogen (Leishmaniasis) 33 Mb 8,314[53] Sanger Institute, Universidade de São Paulo, Imperial College 2007[53]
Leishmania infantum
Parasitic protozoan Human pathogen (Visceral leishmaniasis) 33 Mb 8,195[53] Sanger Institute, Imperial College and University of Glasgow 2007[53]
Leishmania major
Parasitic protozoan Human pathogen (Cutaneous leishmaniasis) 32.8 Mb 8,272[54] Sanger Institute and Seattle Biomedical Research Institute 2005[54]
Naegleria gruberi amoeboflagellate Diverged from other eukaryotes over 1 billion years ago 41 Mb[55] 15,727[55] 2010[55]
Trichomonas vaginalis Parasitic protozoan Human pathogen (Trichomoniasis) 160 Mb 59,681[56] TIGR 2007[56]
Trypanosoma brucei
Strain:TREU927/4 GUTat10.1
Parasitic protozoan Human pathogen (Sleeping sickness) 26 Mb 9,068[57] Sanger Institute and TIGR 2005[57]
Trypanosoma cruzi
Strain:CL Brener TC3
Parasitic protozoan Human pathogen (Chagas disease) 34 Mb 22,570[58] TIGR, Seattle Biomedical Research Institute and Uppsala University 2005[58]

Opisthokonts, basal[edit]

Opisthokonts are a group of eukaryotes that include both animals and fungi as well as basal groups that are not classified in these groups. These basal opisthokonts are reasonably categorized as protists and include choanoflagellates, which are the sister or near-sister group of animals.

Organism Type Relevance Genome size Number of genes predicted Organization Year of completion
Monosiga brevicollis Choanoflagellate close relative of metazoans 41.6 Mb 9,200[59] Joint Genome Institute 2007[59]

See also[edit]


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