List of serial killers in the United States
A serial killer is typically a person who murders three or more people, with the murders taking place over more than a month and including a significant period of time between them. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) defines serial killing as "a series of two or more murders, committed as separate events, usually, but not always, by one offender acting alone".
Identified serial killers
|Name||Years active||Proven victims||Possible victims||Status||Notes||Ref|
|Adam Leroy Lane||2007||2||2+||Sentenced to 50 years|||
|Aileen Wuornos||1989 - 1990||7||7||Executed 2002||Also known as the "Damsel of Death". She shot seven men to death in Florida between 1989 and 1990.|||
|Albert Fish||1924 - 1932||3||8||Executed 1936||Also known as the "Werewolf of Wysteria". A sadist and pedophile who cannibalized several children.|||
|Alfred Leonard Cline||1930 - 1945||9||11||Died in prison||Murdered his wives with poisoned buttermilk after persuading them to will their possessions to his name.|||
|Altemio Sanchez||1990 - 2006||3||3||Incarcerated, 75 years to life||Known as the "Bike Path Rapist"; responsible for three murders and numerous rapes spanning a 25-year period in Buffalo, New York|||
|Alton Coleman||1984||8||8||Executed 2002||Multi-state killer who along with his accomplice murdered a man and injured another, murdered four women and three young girls, and raped a young girl|||
|Alvin Neelley||1982||2||2||Died in prison||Committed murders with wife Judith Neelley|||
|Amy Archer-Gilligan||1910 - 1917||10||50||Died in Connecticut Hospital for the Insane||Poisoned a husband and residents of her nursing home|||
|Andre Crawford||1993 - 1999||11||11||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|Andrew Cunanan||1997||5||5||Committed suicide while a fugitive|||
|Andrew Kokoraleis||1981 - 1982||18||18||Executed 1999||Member of the satanic cult and organized crime group known as Ripper Crew or Chicago Rippers|||
|Andrew Urdiales||1986 - 1996||5||5||Sentenced to death; commuted to life imprisonment without parole|
|Ángel Maturino Reséndiz||1986 - 1999||10||16||Executed 2006||Also known as The Railroad Killer/The Railway Killer/The Railcar Killer|||
|Angelo Buono Jr.||1977 - 1978||9||10||Died in prison||Along with accomplice Kenneth Bianchi, known as the "Hillside Stranglers"|||
|Anna Marie Hahn||1933 - 1937||5||5||Executed 1938||German-born murder-for-profit killer who poisoned five elderly men|
|Anthony Cook||1973 - 1981||9||9||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Committed crimes with his brother Nathaniel Cook|||
|Anthony Allen Shore||1986 - 1995||4||4||Executed 2018||Also known as the "Tourniquet Killer";|||
|Anthony Kirkland||1987 - 2009||5||6||Sentenced to death|||
|Anthony Sowell||2007 - 2009||11||11||Sentenced to death||Also known as the "Cleveland Strangler" and the "Imperial Avenue Murderer"|||
|Arthur Gary Bishop||1979 - 1983||5||5||Executed 1988|||
|Arthur Shawcross||1972 - 1989||12||14||Died in prison||Also known as the "Genesee River Killer"|||
|Audrey Marie Hilley||1975 - 1980||1||4||Died in prison||Poisoned her husband; suspected of poisoning her mother, mother-in-law and a child she was looking after|||
|Belle Gunness||1900 - 1908||25||40||Unknown||Norwegian-born murder-for-profit killer who killed her suitors and children|||
|Bender Family||1869 - 1872||11||11+||Unknown||Family of serial killers who lived and operated in Labette County, Kansas|
|Benjamin Atkins||1991 - 1992||11||11||Died in prison||Also known as the "Woodward Corridor Killer"|||
|Bertha Gifford||1900 - 1928||3||17||Died in Missouri State Hospital #4||Found not guilty by reason of insanity|||
|Bill Longley||1869 - 1878||32||32||Executed 1878||Racist gunfighter who killed unarmed slaves and Mexicans|||
|Billy Glaze||1986 - 1987||3||20||Died in prison||Guilt has come into question by the discovery of DNA evidence excluding Glaze and implicating another man|||
|Billy Gohl||1902 - 1910||2||100+||Died in prison||Union official linked with the disappearances of over 40 sailors in Aberdeen, Washington in the early 20th century|||
|Blanche Taylor Moore||1968 - 1989||3||4+||Sentenced to death|||
|Bobby Jack Fowler||1973 - 1996||1||20||Died in prison||Convicted of one murder, suspected of up to 20 more.|||
|Bobby Joe Long||1984||10||10+||Sentenced to death||Also known as the "Classified Ad Rapist"|||
|Boone Helm||1850 - 1864||11||11+||Executed 1864||Known as the "Kentucky Cannibal"|||
|Brian Dugan||1983 - 1985||2||3||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|Briley Brothers||1979||11||20||Executed 1984 & 1985||Three brothers and an accomplice responsible for 11 murders|||
|Bruce Mendenhall||2007||1||9||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Sentenced to additional 30 years in prison for soliciting murder while in jail|||
|Carl Panzram||1920 - 1929||5||22||Executed 1930||murderer, rapist, and arsonist; convicted of two murders; confessed to 19 others|||
|Carl Eugene Watts||1974 - 1982||22||100||Died in prison||Known as the "Sunday Morning Slasher"|||
|Carlton Gary||1977 - 1978||7||7||Executed 2018|||
|Carol M. Bundy||1980||7||7||Died in prison||With accomplice Doug Clark, known as the "Sunset Strip Killers"|||
|Carroll Cole||1948 - 1980||16||35||Executed 1985|||
|Cary Stayner||1999||4||4||Sentenced to death|||
|Cathy Wood||1987||5||6||Incarcerated 20 – 40 years||Eligible for parole since 2005|||
|Cesar Barone||1991 - 1993||4||4+||Died in prison before he could be executed||Killed four women around the Portland area|||
|Charlie Brandt||1971 - 2004||3||6+||Committed suicide to avoid apprehension|||
|Charles Albright||1990 - 1991||1||3||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Also known as the "Eyeball Killer"|||
|Charles Cullen||1988 - 2003||10||40+||Incarcerated 127 years||A nurse in New Jersey and Pennsylvania|||
|Charles Ray Hatcher||1969 - 1982||2||16||Committed suicide in prison||Convicted of two child murders in 1978 and 1982, also stabbed to death a fellow inmate and another man 20 years apart|||
|Charles Schmid||1964||3||4||Murdered in prison by unknown assailants||Also known as the "Pied Piper of Tucson"|||
|Charles Ng||1983 - 1985||11||25||Sentenced to death||Along with accomplice Leonard Lake, they are also known as the "Operation Miranda Killers". They collected women as sex slaves before killing them. They killed a number of men and children as well.|||
|Chester Turner||1987 - 1998||15||16||Sentenced to death||Convicted of murdering ten women and a viable unborn baby in South Los Angeles|||
|Christine Falling||1980 - 1982||6||6||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Epileptic who strangled infants because of voices in her head|||
|Christopher Peterson||1990||4||7||Incarcerated 120 years||Also known as the "Shotgun Killer"|||
|Christopher Wilder||1984||8||15||Killed by police during apprehension||Also known as the "Beauty Queen Killer"|||
|Cleophus Prince Jr.||1990||6||6||Sentenced to death||Also known as the "Clairemont Killer"|||
|Craig Price||1987 - 1989||4||4||Incarcerated||Convicted as a minor; scheduled for release in May 2020|||
|Cynthia Coffman||1986||4||4||Sentenced to death||Kidnapped four women by ATMs before accomplice strangled them|||
|Dale Hausner||2006||8||8||Committed suicide in prison||Convicted of killing people in random drive-by shootings|||
|Dallen Bounds||1999||4||4+||Committed suicide to avoid apprehension|||
|Dana Sue Gray||1994||3||3||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|Daniel Conahan||1993 - 1996||1||14||Sentenced to death||Convicted of one murder, but was associated with more than a dozen instances of torture and murders|
|Daniel Lee Corwin||1987||3||3||Executed 1998||Abducted and killed three women around Texas|||
|Daniel Lee Siebert||1979 - 1986||8||12||Died in prison||Killed nine people across America in three months|||
|Danny Barber||1978 - 1980||4||4||Executed 1999|||
|Danny Rolling||1989 - 1990||8||8||Executed 2006||Pleaded guilty to murdering five students|||
|Darren Deon Vann||2013 - 2014||7||7||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|David Alan Gore||1981 - 1983||6||6||Executed 2012||One of the pair known as the "Killing Cousins"|||
|David Berkowitz||1976 - 1977||6||6||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Also known as the "Son of Sam"|||
|David Carpenter||1979 - 1981||6||10||Sentenced to death||Also known as the "Trailside Killer"|||
|David Edward Maust||1974 -2003||5||5||Committed suicide in prison||Convicted of killing five teenage boys; one in Germany in 1974, another in 1981, and three he buried in his basement|||
|David Mason||1980 - 1982||4||6||Executed 1993||Killed four elderly neighbours in 1980 and his cellmate in 1982 while imprisoned on lesser charges; suspected of shooting dead his boyfriend|||
|David Meirhofer||1967 - 1974||4||4||Committed suicide||First serial killer to be apprehended via usage of offender profiling|||
|David Parker Ray||1950s - 1999||3||60||Died in prison||Convicted of kidnapping and torture in 2001, but never convicted of murder|||
|Dayton Leroy Rogers||1983 - 1987||6||8+||Sentenced to death|||
|Dean Corll||1970 - 1973||28||28+||Killed by accomplice Elmer Wayne Henley||Crimes referred to as the "Houston Mass Murders"|||
|Debra Denise Brown||1984||8||8||Sentenced to death, commuted to life imprisonment|||
|Delphine LaLaurie||1834||?||?||Died in Paris, France||Tortured and maimed her slaves|||
|Dennis Rader||1974 -1991||10||10||Incarcerated - life imprisonment||Also known as the BTK Killer|||
|Derrick Todd Lee||1992 - 2003||2||7+||Died in prison awaiting execution||Known as the "Baton Rouge Serial Killer"; convicted of two murders; linked by DNA evidence to five others|||
|Diane O'Dell||1982 - 1985||3||4||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Murders of her illegitimate babies|||
|Donald Harvey||1970 - 1987||37||80||Died in prison, killed by unknown assailant||Known as the "Angel of Death"|||
|Donald Henry Gaskins||1953 - 1982||9||100+||Executed 1991||Convicted of nine murders; claimed to an author to have killed more than 100|||
|Donald Leroy Evans||1985 - 1991||3||70||Died in prison; murdered by a fellow death row inmate||Suspected of another dozen murders but recanted his confessions to over 70 more|||
|Dorothea Puente||1982 - 1988||9||15||Died in prison||Convicted of three killings; suspected of six others|||
|Doug Clark||1980||7||7||Sentenced to death||With accomplice Carol M. Bundy, known as the "Sunset Strip Killers"|||
|Earle Nelson||1926 - 1927||1||22||Executed 1928||Known as the "Gorilla Man"|||
|Ed Gein||1954 - 1957||2||7||Died while incarcerated at Mendota Mental Health Institute||Known as the "Plainfield Ghoul". Gein's life and crimes have inspired, at least in part, the novels/films, Psycho and The Silence of the Lambs, and the 1974 movie, The Texas Chain Saw Massacre.|||
|Edmund Kemper||1964 - 1973||6||10||Sentenced to Llfe imprisonment||Known as the "Co-Ed Killer"|||
|Edward Edwards||1977 - 1996||5||15||Died in prison awaiting execution||Sentenced to death for shooting his foster son in 1996 insurance murder|||
|Edward H. Rulloff||1844 - 1870||3||5||Executed 1871||Known as the "Genius Killer"|||
|Edward J. Adams||1920 - 1921||7||7||Killed by police during shootout||Criminal who murdered seven people, including three policemen|||
|Edward Spreitzer||1981 - 1982||18||18||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Member of the satanic cult and organized crime group known as Ripper Crew or Chicago Rippers|||
|Efren Saldivar||1988 - 1998||6||50+||Sentenced to life imprisonment|
|Elias Abuelazam||2009 - 2010||1||5||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Known as the "Flint Serial Slasher" and the "Flint Serial Stabber"|||
|Elizabeth Van Valkenburgh||1833 - 1845||2||2||Executed 1846||Self-confessed poisoner who killed her alcoholic husbands|||
|Elmer Wayne Henley||1970 - 1973||6||6||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Crimes referred to as the "Houston Mass Murders"|||
|Eric Beishline||1992 - 1993||1||3||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Suspected of murdering up to three elderly people|||
|Faryion Wardrip||1984 - 1986||5||5||Sentenced to death||Death sentence currently under appeal|||
|Faye Copeland||1986 - 1989||5||12||Died in prison awaiting execution||Along with her husband, Ray Copeland, the oldest couple ever sentenced to death in the United States|||
|Felipe Espinosa||1863||32||32||Killed by Tom Tobin|
|Frederick Mors||1914 - 1915||8||8||Fate unknown||Committed to Hudson River State Hospital, escaped in May 1916.|||
|Gary Evans||1985 - 1997||5||5||Committed suicide to avoid apprehension|||
|Gary M. Heidnik||1986 - 1987||2||2||Executed 1999||Held 6 women prisoner in his basement in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|||
|Gary Ray Bowles||1994||6||25||Sentenced to death|||
|Gary Ridgway||1982 - 1998||49||90+||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Known as the "Green River Killer"|||
|Genene Jones||1977 - 1982||2||60+||Awaiting trial for additional counts||Texas pediatric nurse who poisoned infants in her care; was due to be released March 2018; however, prosecutors charged her with two additional murders|||
|Georgia Tann||1924 - 1950||19||19+||Died of uterine cancer before she could be arrested||Child trafficker who sold kidnapped children to the black market|||
|Gerald Gallego||1978 - 1980||10||10||Died awaiting execution||Accomplace Charlene Gallego released 1997|||
|Gerald Parker||1978 - 1978||6||6||Sentenced to death||Known as the "Bedroom Basher"|||
|Gerald Stano||1969 - 1980||22||41+||Executed 1998||Guilt has been questioned|||
|Gerard John Schaefer||1969 - 1973||2||34||Murdered in prison by fellow inmate Vincent Rivera||Former police officer|||
|Glen Edward Rogers||1993 - 1995||4||5||Sentenced to death||Death sentence currently under appeal|||
|Gordon Stewart Northcott||1926 - 1928||3||20||Executed 1930||His mother, Sarah Louise Northcott, was implicated as an accomplice.|||
|Gwendolyn Graham||1987||5||6||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|H. H. Holmes||1891 - 1894||9||27+||Executed 1896||Convicted of only one murder, but definitively tied to at least eight more. Confessed to a total of 27|||
|Hadden Clark||1986 - 1992||2||2+||Sentenced to 70 years||Cannibal convicted of two murders; confessed to many more|||
|Harpe brothers||1797 - 1804||39||50+||Murdered/executed||Brothers or cousins; America's first known serial killers|||
|Harrison Graham||1986 - 1987||7||7||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|Harry T. Hayward||1894||1||4||Executed 1895|||
|Harry Powers||1931||5||5||Executed 1932||Known as the "West Virginia Bluebeard"|||
|Harvey Carignan||1949 - 1974||2||5||Incarcerated 150 years||Known as the "Want-Ad Killer"; escaped hanging for a 1949 killing on a technicality|||
|Harvey Glatman||1957 -1958||3||4||Executed 1959||Known as the "Lonely Hearts Killer"; lured women to pose for "bondage photographs"|
|Harvey Miguel Robinson||1992 - 1993||3||3||Sentenced to death||Teenager who stalked, raped and killed|||
|Helen Golay||1999 - 2005||2||2||Sentenced to life imprisonment without parole||Killed vagrants with her partner-in-crime, Olga Rutterschmidt|||
|Henry Lee Lucas||1960 - 1983||11||200+||Died in prison||Confessed to approximately 3,000 murders, although most of his confessions are considered outlandish|||
|Henry Louis Wallace||1990 - 1994||10||10||Sentenced to death||Known as the "Taco Bell Strangler"|||
|Herb Baumeister||1980 - 1996||11||20||Committed suicide while a fugitive||Responsible for murdering at least 11 victims who were found buried on his property|||
|Herbert Mullin||1972 - 1973||11||13||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Eligible for parole in 2021|||
|Heriberto Seda||1990 - 1993||3||3||Sentenced to life imprisonment||New York City copycat of the "Zodiac Killer"|||
|Herman Petrillo||1930s - 1938||114||114||Executed 1941||Italian immigrant; leader of the Philadelphia poison ring|||
|Howard Allen||1974 - 1987||3||3||Incarcerated for 60 years||Death Sentence Commuted|||
|Israel Keyes||Late 1990s - 2012||3||11||Committed suicide while in custody||3 confirmed victims; linked to 11 victims in 4 states|||
|J. Frank Hickey||1883 - 1911||3||3||Died in prison||Known as the "Postcard Killer"|||
|J.C.X. Simon||1973 - 1974||15||73+||Died in prison||Part of the "Death Angels" cult responsible for the Zebra murders|||
|Jack Owen Spillman||1994 - 1995||3||3||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Known as the "Werewolf Butcher"|||
|Jake Bird||1930 - 1947||2||46||Executed 1949||Sentenced to death for the murders of two people; confessed to 44 other murders|||
|James Dale Ritchie||2016||5||5+||Killed by police during apprehension||Known as the "Anchorage Serial Killer"|||
|James Swann||1993||4||4||Found not guilty by reason of insanity and confined to Saint Elizabeths Hospital||Known as the "Shotgun Stalker"|||
|Jane Toppan||1895 - 1901||12||31||Found not guilty by reason of insanity and committed for life to the Taunton State Hospital|||
|Janie Lou Gibbs||1966 - 1967||5||5||Died in prison|||
|Jeffrey Dahmer||1978 - 1991||17||17||Murdered by inmate Christopher Scarver||Milwaukee cannibal who retained various body parts of his victims|||
|Jerry Brudos||1968 - 1969||4||4+||Died in prison||Known as the "Lust Killer" and "Shoe Fetish Slayer"|||
|Jesse Pomeroy||1874||2||9||Died in prison||Known as the "Boy Torturer"|||
|Jessie Lee Cooks||1973 - 1974||15||73+||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Part of the "Death Angels" cult responsible for the Zebra murders|||
|Joe Ball||1936 - 1938||2||20||Committed suicide to avoid apprehension||Known as the "Alligator Man"|||
|Joel Rifkin||1989 - 1993||9||17||Incarcerated for 203 years to life|||
|Johann Otto Hoch||1890 - 1905||1||15+||Executed 1906||Known as the "Stockyard Bluebeard"|
|John Allen Muhammad||2002||7||17||Executed 2009||With accomplace Lee Boyd Malvo perpetrated the D.C. sniper attacks|||
|John Bittrolff||1993 -||2||4+||Sentenced to 25 years to life||Suspect in Long Island serial killer case|||
|John Edward Robinson||1984 - 1999||3||8+||Sentenced to death||Sometimes referred to as "the Internet's first serial killer"|||
|John Floyd Thomas Jr.||1972 - 1986||7||15+||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Known as the "Southland Strangler" and the "Westside Rapist"|||
|John Johnson||1843 - ?||?||300+||Died 1900||Known as "Liver-Eating Johnson"; mountain man who allegedly ate the livers of Crows he'd slain|||
|John Joubert||1982 - 1983||3||3||Executed 1996||Known as the "Nebraska Boy Snatcher"|||
|John Norman Collins||1967 - 1969||1||7||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Known as the "Co-Ed Killer"|||
|John Wayne Gacy||1972 - 1978||33||34||Executed 1994||Known as the "Killer Clown"|||
|Jonathan Preston Haynes||1987 - 1993||2||2||Sentenced to death; commuted to life imprisonment||Known as the "Aryan Beauty Killer"|||
|Joseph Christopher||1980 - 1981||12||12+||Died in prison||Known as the "Midtown Slasher"|||
|Joseph E. Duncan III||1996 -2005||5||7||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Raped at least 17 young boys and three young girls|||
|Joseph Kallinger||1974 - 1975||3||3||Died in prison||Committed these crimes with his 15-year-old son Michael|||
|Joseph Roy Metheny||1976 - 1996||5||10||Died in prison||Also known as the "Cannibal". Butchered his victims and served them at BBQ at his roadside stand.|||
|Joseph "Mad Dog" Taborsky||1950 - 1957||7||7||Executed 1960|||
|Joseph Naso||1977 - 1994||6||10||Sentenced to death||Also a suspect in the Alphabet murders case|||
|Joseph Paul Franklin||1977 -1980||11||22||Executed 2013||Also attempted to assassinate Larry Flynt and Vernon Jordan|||
|Josephine Sedita||1930s - 1938||114||114||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Italian immigrant; member of the Philadelphia poison ring|||
|Juan Corona||1971||25||25+||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Majority of victims had been transient workers|||
|Juan Covington||1998 - 2005||2||3||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|Juan Segundo||1986 - 1995||4||7+||Sentenced to death, awaiting an October 2018 execution date|||
|Judith Neelley||1982||2||2||Death sentence commuted to life imprisonment||Committed murders with husband Alvin Neelley|||
|Judy Buenoano||1971 - 1983||3||3+||Executed 1998||Caught in 1983 after poisoning and car bombing a fiancée|||
|Karl F. Werner||1969 - 1971||3||3||Sentenced to life imprisonment|
|Keith Hunter Jesperson||1990 - 1995||8||8+||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Known as the "Happy Face Killer"|||
|Kendall Francois||1996 - 1998||8||10||Died in prison|||
|Kenneth Bianchi||1977 - 1978||12||12||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Along with accomplice Angelo Buono Jr., known as the "Hillside Stranglers"|||
|Kenneth McDuff||1966 - 1992||9||14+||Executed 1998||Known as the "Broomstick Killer"; death sentence for 1966 triple-murder commuted; killed three days after 1989 parole|||
|Kimberly Clark Saenz||2008||5||10+||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Killed five patients by injecting bleach into their dialysis lines||.|
|Kimberly McCarthy||1997 - 1998||1||3||Executed 2013||Crack addict who murdered a neighbour; suspect in two similar murders|||
|Kristen Gilbert||1989 - 1996||4||4||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Induced cardiac arrest in patients and would then respond to the coded emergency, often resuscitating the patients herself|||
|Larry Eyler||1982 - 1984||2||23||Died in prison awaiting execution||Known as the "Interstate Killer"|||
|Larry Green||1973 - 1974||15||73+||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Part of the "Death Angels" cult responsible for the Zebra murders|||
|Lawrence Bittaker||1979||5||5||Sentenced to death||With accomplice Roy Norris known as the "Tool Box Killers"|||
|Lee Boyd Malvo||2002||7||17||Life imprisonment without parole (overturned on May 26, 2017; awaiting resentencing)||With accomplice John Allen Muhammad, perpetrated the D.C. sniper attacks|||
|Lee Roy Martin||1967 - 1968||4||4||Died in prison||Known as the "Gaffney Strangler"|||
|Lemuel Smith||1958 - 1981||5||6||Sentenced to death; commuted to life|||
|Leonard Lake||1983 - 1985||11||25||Committed suicide while in custody||Along with accomplice Charles Ng, they are also known as the "Operation Miranda Killers". They collected women as sex slaves before killing them. They killed a number of men and children as well.|||
|Leslie Irvin||1954 - 1955||6||6+||Died in prison||His Supreme Court case set a precedent for fair trials of highly publicized defendants|||
|Linda Hazzard||1908 - 1911||1||13||Served 2 years||Died in 1938|||
|Lizzie Halliday||1890s||4||7||Died in Matteawan State Hospital for the Criminally Insane||First woman sentenced to be executed by the electric chair|||
|Lonnie David Franklin Jr.||1985 - 2007||10||25+||Sentenced to death||Known as "Grim Sleeper"; charged after DNA evidence linked him with ten murders in Los Angeles since 1985|||
|Loren Herzog||1984 - 1999||3||19||Committed suicide awaiting parole release||Along with accompliace Wesley Shermantine known as the "Speed Freak Killers"|||
|Lorenzo Gilyard||1977 - 1993||12||13||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Known as the "Kansas City Strangler"|||
|Louise Peete||1913 - 1944||3||3||Executed 1947||Convicted of murdering a man and woman decades apart; four other acquaintances died suspiciously and four husbands committed suicide|||
|Louise Vermilya||1893 - 1911||9||9||Charges dismissed|
|Lowell Amos||1979 - 1994||1||4||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Convicted of murdering his third wife, the other two and his mother died under suspicious circumstances|||
|Lyda Southard||1915 - 1920||6||6||Released in 1941||Known as "Flypaper Lyda"; serial poisoner who killed four husbands, a young daughter and a brother-in-law|||
|Lydia Sherman||1863 - 1877||12||12||Died in prison|||
|Mack Ray Edwards||1953 - 1970||3||18||Committed suicide awaiting execution|||
|Manuel Moore||1973 - 1974||15||73+||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Part of the "Death Angels" cult responsible for the Zebra murders|||
|Maria Carina Favato||1930s - 1938||114||114||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Italian immigrant; member of the Philadelphia poison ring|||
|Marie Noe||1949 - 1968||8||8||Sentenced to 20 years probation in 1998||Murdered eight of her children; two others died of natural causes|||
|Marion Albert Pruett||1981||5||5||Executed 1999||Committed his crimes while in the United States Federal Witness Protection Program|||
|Mark Goudeau||2005 - 2006||9||9||Sentenced to death||Known as the "Baseline Killer"|||
|Martha Ann Johnson||1977 - 1982||3||4||Sentenced to death; commuted to life|||
|Martha Beck||1947 - 1949||1||20||Executed 1951||Along with accomplace Raymond Fernandez, became known as the "Lonely Hearts Killers"|||
|Martha Wise||1924 - 1925||3||3||Died in prison||Poisoned 17 members of her own family|||
|Mary Frances Creighton||1920 - 1935||1||4||Executed by electric chair||Poisoned her lover's wife; suspected of poisoning her mother in-law, father in-law, and younger brother|||
|Marybeth Tinning||1972 - 1985||2||9||Sentenced to 20 years to life|||
|Maury Travis||2000 - 2002||2||17+||Committed suicide awaiting trial|||
|Melvin Rees||1957 - 1959||5||9+||Died in prison||Known as the "Sex Beast"|||
|Michael Bear Carson||1981 - 1983||3||12||Sentenced to 75 years to life|||
|Michael Bruce Ross||1981 - 1984||8||8||Executed 2005|||
|Michael Gargiulo||1993 - 2008||3||10||Awaiting capital murder trial|||
|Michael Hughes||1986 - 1993||7||7+||Sentenced to death||Known as the "Southside Slayer"|||
|Michael Lee Lockhart||1987 - 1988||4||6+||Executed 1997||Received death sentences in three states; executed by the state of Texas|
|Michael Madison||2012 - 2013||3||3||Sentenced to death|||
|Michael Swango||1981 - 1997||4||60||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Physician and surgeon|||
|Michelle Knotek||1994 - 2003||2||3||22 years in prison||Tortured and abused boarders in her home with her husband|||
|Milton Johnson||1983 - 1984||10||10+||Sentenced to death||Victims included two deputy sheriffs|||
|Montie Ralph Rissell||1976 - 1977||5||5||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|Morris Bolber||1930s - 1938||114||114||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Russian-Jewish immigrant; member of the Philadelphia poison ring|||
|Morris Solomon Jr.||1986 - 1987||6||7||Sentenced to death||Known as the "Sacramento Slayer"|||
|Nannie Doss||1927 - 1954||8||11||Died in prison||Known as the "Giggling Granny" and the "Jolly Black Widow"|||
|Nathaniel Cook||1973 - 1981||9||9||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Committed crimes with his brother Anthony Cook|||
|Nathaniel White||1991 - 1992||6||6||Sentenced to 150 years to life in prison||Confessed to beating and stabbing six women to death while on parole|||
|Olga Rutterschmidt||1999 - 2005||2||2||Sentenced to life imprisonment without parole||Killed vagrants with her partner-in-crime, Helen Golay|||
|Orville Lynn Majors||1993 - 1995||6||130||Died in prison|||
|Ottis Toole||1976 - 1983||6||6+||Died in prison||Accomplice of Henry Lee Lucas|||
|Patrick Kearney||1965 - 1977||21||43||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|Patty Cannon||1802 - 1829||4||25+||Died in prison awaiting trial||Gang leader who kidnapped slaves and free blacks to either sell or torture them|||
|Paul Dennis Reid||1997||7||7||Died in prison awaiting execution||Known as the "Fast Food Killer"|||
|Paul Durousseau||1997 - 2003||9||9+||Sentenced to death (overturned on January 31, 2017; awaiting resentencing)||German authorities suspect Durousseau may have killed several local women when he was stationed there with the Army during the early 1990s.|||
|Paul John Knowles||1974||18||35||Killed by police attempting to escape from custody||Known as the "Casanova Killer"|||
|Paul Michael Stephani||1980 - 1982||3||3||Died in prison||Known as the "Weepy-Voiced Killer"|||
|Paul Petrillo||1930s - 1938||114||114||Executed 1941||Italian immigrant; leader of the Philadelphia poison ring|||
|Peter Kudzinowski||1924 - 1928||3||3||Executed 1929|
|Phillip Carl Jablonski||1978 - 1991||5||5||Sentenced to death|
|Randall Woodfield||1979 - 1981||1||20||Sentenced to life imprisonment plus 165 years||Known as the "I-5 Killer" and the "I-5 Bandit"|||
|Ralph Jerome Von Braun Selz||1930-1935||1||5||disappeared after parole in 1970||known as "The Laughing Killer"|||
|Randy Steven Kraft||1971 - 1983||16||67||Sentenced to death||Known as the "Scorecard Killer" and the "Freeway Killer"|||
|Ray Copeland||1986 - 1989||5||12||Died in prison awaiting execution||Along with his wife, Faye Copeland, the oldest couple ever sentenced to death in the United States|||
|Raymond Fernandez||1947 - 1949||1||20||Executed 1951||Along with accomplace Martha Beck, became known as the "Lonely Hearts Killers"|||
|Rhonda Belle Martin||1926 - 1951||1||6||Executed 1957|
|Ricardo Caputo||1971 - 1977||4||6||Died in prison|||
|Richard Angelo||1987||4||10||Sentenced to 50 years to life in prison|||
|Richard Biegenwald||1958 -1983||5||11||Died in prison|||
|Richard Chase||1977 -1978||6||6||Committed suicide awaiting execution||Known as the "Vampire of Sacramento"|||
|Richard Cottingham||1967 - 1980||6||85-100||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Known variously as the "Butcher of Times Square", the "Torso Killer", the "New York (city) Ripper", and the "Times Square Torso Ripper"|||
|Richard Evonitz||1996 - 1997||3||3||Committed Suicide to avoid apprehension|||
|Richard Kuklinski||1948 - 1986||5||100 - 250||Died in prison||Mafia associate known as the "Iceman"|||
|Richard Laurence Marquette||1956 - 1975||3||3||Sentenced to life imprisonment||First 11th person named on FBI 10 Most Wanted|||
|Richard Ramirez||1984 - 1985||13||14||Died in prison awaiting execution||Known as the "Night Stalker"|||
|Ricky Lee Green||1985 - 1986||4||12||Executed 1997||Bisexual drifter; his wife helped in two of the murders|||
|Robert Anthony Buell||1981 - 1983||1||3||Executed 2002|||
|Robert Ben Rhoades||1975 - 1990||3||50||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Known as the "Truck Stop Killer"|||
|Robert Berdella||1984 - 1987||6||6+||Died in prison|||
|Robert Charles Browne||1970 - 1995||2||2+||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Missionary convicted for two murders; confessed to murdering 49 women|||
|Robert Hansen||1971 - 1983||17||21+||Died in prison||Known as the "Butcher Baker"|||
|Robert Joseph Silveria Jr.||1981 - 1996||9||14+||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Known as the "Boxcar Killer", alleged member of Freight Train Riders of America|||
|Robert Lee Yates||1975 - 1998||13||16||Sentenced to death|||
|Robert Nixon||1937 - 1938||3||5||Executed 1939||Nixon served, in part, as the basis of the character of Bigger Thomas in Richard Wright's 1940 social protest novel Native Son.|
|Robert Rozier||1981 - 1986||4||7||Serving 25 years to life on a conviction for check kiting under a third strike law||Former NFL player; sentenced to 22 years for murder after agreeing to testify against Yahweh ben Yahweh's organization|||
|Robert Shulman||1991 - 1996||5||5||Died in prison|||
|Robert Zarinsky||1958 - 1974||2||10||Died in prison|||
|Robin Gecht||1981 - 1982||18||18||Incarcerated for 120 years||Member of the satanic cult and organized crime group known as Ripper Crew or Chicago Rippers|||
|Rodney Alcala||1971 - 1979||8||50-130||Sentenced to death||Sometimes called the "Dating Game Killer" because of his 1978 appearance on the television show The Dating Game in the midst of his murder spree|||
|Roger Dale Stafford||1974 - 1978||9||9||Executed 1995|||
|Roger Kibbe||1977 - 1987||7||7||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Known as the "I-5 Strangler"|||
|Ronald Dominique||1997 - 2006||8||23||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|Ronald E. Clark||1967||2||9||Died in prison|||
|Ronald Gray||1986 - 1987||4||4||Sentenced to death|||
|Rory Enrique Conde||1994 - 1995||6||6||Sentenced to death||Known as the "Tamiami Trail Strangler"|||
|Rose Carina||1930s - 1938||114||114||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Italian immigrant; member of the Philadelphia poison ring|||
|Roy Norris||1979||5||5||Sentenced to 45 years to life||With accomplace Lawrence Bittaker known as "Tool Box Killers"|||
|Samuel Dieteman||2005 - 2006||8||8||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Accomplice Dale Hausner committed suicide in prison|||
|Samuel Green||1817 - 1821||2||2+||Executed 1822|||
|Samuel Mason||1797 - 1803||20||20+||Killed/Died from injuries received during a shoot-out||River pirate associated with the Harpe brothers and other outlaws|||
|Sante Kimes||1996 - 1998||2||3||Died in prison||Criminal who's responsible for numerous crimes committed with her son, Kenneth Jr.|||
|Scott Erskine||1989 - 1993||3||3+||Sentenced to death|||
|Scott Lee Kimball||2003 - 2004||4||5+||70-year sentence||FBI Informant; Proposed as a suspect in the West Mesa murders|||
|Scott William Cox||1980s - 1990||2||20||Granted parole in 2013|||
|Scott Williams||1997 - 2006||3||3||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|Sean Sellers||1985 - 1986||3||3||Executed 1999||One of 22 persons in the United States since the reinstatement of the death penalty in 1976 to be executed for a crime committed while under the age of 18, and the lone to have been executed for crime committed under the age of 17|||
|Sean Vincent Gillis||1994 - 2004||8||8||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|Sharon Kinne||1962 - 1964||3||3||Escaped from prison 1969|||
|Shawn Grate||2005 - 2016||2||5||Sentenced to death|||
|Sheila LaBarre||2004 -2006||2||4||Sentenced to life imprisonment without parole||Claimed she was an angel sent by God to punish pedophiles|||
|Shirley Winters||1980 - 2006||2||7||Sentenced to 8 1/3 to 25 years|||
|Stephen Morin||1969 - 1981||4||48||Executed 1985||Suspected in over 30 unsolved violent crimes across the country|||
|Stephen Richards||1876 - 1878||9||9||Executed 1879||Known as the "Nebraska Fiend"|||
|Steven Brian Pennell||1987 - 1988||2||5||Executed 1992||Known as the "Route 40 Killer"|||
|Steven David Catlin||1976 - 1984||3||3||Sentenced to death|||
|Suzan Carson||1981 - 1983||3||12||Sentenced to 75 years to life|||
|Ted Bundy||1961 - 1978||28||30+||Executed 1989|||
|Terri Rachals||1980 - 1986||6||9||Sentenced to 17 years imprisonment; Released 2003||Former nurse|||
|Terry Blair||1982 - 2004||7||9||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Sentenced 25 years imprisonment for one murder, released on parole after serving 21 years and committed additional murders upon release|||
|Theodore Durrant||1895||2||2||Executed 1898||Known as the "Demon of the Belfry"|||
|Theresa Knorr||1984 - 1985||2||3||Sentenced to two life sentences||Her sons, William and Robert Jr., were accomplices|||
|Thomas Dillon||1989 - 1992||5||5||5 terms of 30 years to life|||
|Thomas Kokoraleis||1981 - 1982||18||18||Awaiting Release||Member of the satanic cult and organized crime group known as Ripper Crew or Chicago Rippers|||
|Thor Nis Christiansen||1976 - 1979||4||4||Murdered in prison by unknown assailant|||
|Tillie Klimek||1914 - 1921||5||7||Died in prison|
|Timothy Krajcir||1977 - 1982||9||9||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|Timothy Wilson Spencer||1984 - 1988||5||5||Executed 1994||Known as the "Southside Strangler"|||
|Todd Kohlhepp||2003 - 2016||7||7||Sentenced to life imprisonment|||
|Tommy Lynn Sells||1980 - 1999||6||22||Executed 2014||Confessed to murdering dozens of people, possibly in excess of 70, only six are confirmed|||
|Tony Costa||1968 - 1969||4||8||Committed Suicide in prison|||
|Vaughn Greenwood||1964 -1975||11||11||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Known as the "Skid Row Slasher"|||
|Velma Barfield||1971 - 1978||1||6||Executed 1984|||
|Vincent Johnson||1999 - 2000||5||5||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Known as the "Brooklyn Strangler"|||
|Walter E. Ellis||1986 - 2007||7||7||Died in prison||Known as the "Milwaukee North Side Strangler"|||
|Waneta Hoyt||1965 - 1971||5||5||Died in prison||Exonerated under New York law because she died before her appeal|||
|Wayne Adam Ford||1997 - 1998||4||4+||Sentenced to death|||
|Wayne Nance||1974 - 1986||0||5+||Killed by intended victim|||
|Wayne Williams||1979 - 1981||25||31||Sentenced to life imprisonment||Has maintained his innocence from the beginning and conviction is considered controversial|||
|Wesley Shermantine||1984 - 1999||3||19||Sentenced to death||Along with accompliace Loren Herzog known as the "Speed Freak Killers"|||
|Westley Allan Dodd||1989||3||3||Executed 1993|||
|William Bonin||1979 - 1980||21||36+||Executed 1996||Known as the "Freeway Killer"; was known to murder with several accomplices|||
|William Clyde Gibson||2002 - 2012||3||3||Sentenced to death|||
|William Dale Archerd||1947 - 1966||3||6||Died in prison||First person convicted of using insulin as a murder weapon|||
|William Dathan Holbert||2007 - 2010||5||5+||Sentenced to 47 years||Committed murders with his ex-wife Laura Michelle Reese|||
|William Devin Howell||2003||7||Sentenced to life in prison||Convicted of killing 7 people in 2003. Believed to be the most prolific serial killer in Connecticut history.|||
|William Henry Hance||1977 - 1978||4||4||Executed 1994||Known as the "Forces of Evil"|
|William Heirens||1945 - 1946||3||3||Died in prison||Known as the "Lipstick Killer"|||
|William Richard Bradford||1984||2||3+||Died in prison awaiting execution|||
|William Suff||1974 - 1992||12||22||Sentenced to death||Known as the "Riverside Prostitute Killer"|||
Unidentified serial killers
This is a list of unidentified serial killers who committed crimes within the United States.
|Name||Years active||Proven victims||Possible victims||Region where active||Notes||Ref|
|Alphabet murders||1971 - 1973||3||3||NY||Also known as the "Double Initial Murders"; murders of three young girls in the Rochester, New York area in the early 1970s|||
|Andre Rand||1972 - 1987||0||5||NY||Convicted kidnapper suspected of murdering up to 5 children|||
|Ann Arbor Hospital Murders||1975||10||10||Poisonings of 10 patients at the Veteran's Administration Hospital in 1975|||
|Atlanta Ripper||1911||15||15–21||Ga||Mystery murderer(s) of 15 Atlanta women in 1911|||
|Axeman of New Orleans||1918 - 1919||6||6–7||La||Responsible for the deaths of 6–7 people in New Orleans and the surrounding areas from 1918–1919|||
|Boston Strangler||1962 - 1964||13||13||Ma||1960s deaths of 13 women (five young, eight older), mostly with their own stockings as ligature. Albert DeSalvo confessed to the murders, but was never indicted; DNA evidence tested in 2013 suggested his guilt in one of the cases|||
|Charlie Chop-off||1972 - 1974||6||6||NY||Murders of five boys in Manhattan in 1972 and 1973. A mental patient confessed to one slashing death. Four stabbings also involving mutilation remain unsolved|||
|Cincinnati Strangler||1965 - 1966||7||7||OH||Raped and strangled seven mostly elderly women in Cincinnati, Ohio between 1965 and 1966|||
|Cleveland Torso Murderer||1934||13||40+||OH||Also known as the "Mad Butcher of Kingsbury Run"; responsible for 12–13 murders in the Cleveland, Ohio area in the 1930s|||
|Colonial Parkway Killer||1986 - 1989||8||8||VA||Believed to have murdered at least eight people in Virginia between 1986 and 1989; left three couples dead and one couple missing and presumed dead|||
|Connecticut River Valley Killer||1978 - 1987||7||7+||Ma, Ct, NY||Stabbed at least six women to death in New England in the 1980s, severely injured one|||
|Daytona Beach killer||2005 - 2007||4||5||FL||Murdered four, possibly five, women in Daytona Beach, Florida between 2005 and 2007|||
|The Doodler||1974 - 1975||14||14||CA||Sketched then stabbed to death 14 gay men in San Francisco, California in the 1970s|||
|Eastbound Strangler||2006||4||4||NJ, NY||Murdered 4 women near Atlantic City, New Jersey in 2006.|||
|Edgecombe County Serial Killer||2000s||9||10||NC||Murders of nine women and disappearance of another since 2005 around Rocky Mount, North Carolina. Antwan Pittman has been convicted in one case|||
|February 9 Killer||2006 - 2008||2||2||UT||Suspected serial killer who murdered 2 women on the same date, two years apart|||
|Flat-Tire murders||1975||5||5+||Killed 5 women in 1975|||
|Frankford Slasher||1985 - 1990||8||9||PA, NJ||Allegedly responsible for nine murders in the Frankford neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Leonard Christopher was convicted of one murder; another murder was committed in same style while he was incarcerated; believed to still be at large|||
|Freeway Phantom||1971 - 1972||6||7||D.C.||Raped and strangled six young women and girls in Washington, D.C. in the early 1970s, dumping their bodies by freeways|||
|Golden State Killer||1979 - 1986||10||13||CA||Also known as the "East Area Rapist" and the "Original Nightstalker"; murdered 10 people in Southern California from 1979 through 1986; also linked to more than 50 rapes in the Sacramento area from 1976 to 1979. Suspect arrested on April 24, 2018.|||
|Gypsy Hill killings||1976||5||0||CA||Known as the "San Mateo slasher"; five unsolved killings, of young women in San Mateo County, California during early 1976; in 2014, the FBI named Rodney Halbower as a person of interest in the Gypsy Hill killings; as of 2015[update], he has been charged with two of the murders based on DNA evidence|||
|Honolulu Strangler||1985 - 1986||5||0||HA||Raped and strangled five young women in Hawaii in 1985 and 1986|||
|I-45 Killer||1980||0||4+||TX||Strangled four known victims in 1980 and sexually assaulted some. Three of the four women have never been identified.|||
|I-70 Killer||1992 - 1994?||6||8+||IN, MO, KS, TX (suspected)||Killed and robbed six store clerks around the Midwestern United States|||
|Jeff Davis 8||2005 - 2009||8||0||La||The bodies of eight women were found in swamps and canals surrounding Jennings, Louisiana. Originally thought to be a serial killer, but multiple suspects may be involved|||
|Lavinia Fisher||? - 1819?||0||Numerous||SC||Along with her husband John was a member of a highway gang; allegedly killed travelers visiting her inn.|||
|Long Island serial killer||1996–2010||10||17||NY||Suspected of killing eight women, a man and a child since 1996 and dumping their bodies along remote beaches in Suffolk and Nassau County, New York. The killer has been referred to as the Gilgo Beach killer because of the location where the first bodies were found|||
|The Man from the Train||1900 – 1912||0||40+||USA||Probably one Paul Mueller. Killed whole families in their sleep, from the east coast to the west and many places between, arriving and departing by train. Existence (and probable but not proven identity) discovered over 100 years after the murders, by analysis of contemporary records, showing a markedly common modus operandi for many previously unconnected crimes.|||
|Maryvale serial shooter||2016||7||0||AZ||Attacked at night from a car using a handgun, killing seven people and injuring two between March and July 2016 in Phoenix, Arizona|||
|Mike DeBardeleben||1965 - 1983||0||8||Several||Also known as the "Mall Passer"; convicted rapist and counterfeiter who allegedly tortured and murdered women.|||
|Neal Falls||?–2015?||0||10+||Killed up to 10 women before being killed in self defense.|||
|New Bedford Highway Killer||1988 - 1989||9||11||MA||Murders of nine women and disappearance of two others between 1988 and 1989|||
|Oakland County Child Killer||1976 - 1977||4||4+||MI||Also known as the "Babysitter"; responsible for the murders of four or more children in Oakland County, Michigan in 1976 and 1977|||
|Ohio Prostitute Killer||1981-2004||7||10||OH||An individual believed to have murdered prostitutes and exotic dancers. His first victim is suspected to be Marcia King, who was identified in 2018.|||
|Phantom Killer||1946||5||0||TX||Believed to have committed the Texarkana Moonlight Murders in Texas between February 23 and May 4, 1946|||
|Redhead murders||1978 - 1992||8||8+||Series of unsolved homicides believed to have been committed by an unidentified serial killer in Tennessee, Arkansas, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Pennsylvania, also known as the "Bible Belt Strangler."|||
|Santa Rosa Hitchhiker Murders||1972 - 1973||7||7+||CA||A series of at least seven unsolved homicides involving female hitchhikers that took place in Sonoma County and Santa Rosa of the North Bay area of California in 1972 and 1973|||
|Seminole Heights serial killer||2017||4||0||FL||Shot and killed four people, seemingly at random, in the Seminole Heights neighborhood of Tampa, Florida. On November 28, 2017, police arrested Howell Emanuel Donaldson III in connection with the killings.|||
|Servant Girl Annihilator||1884–1885||8||8||TX||Also known as the "Austin Axe Murderer"; responsible for at least seven murders in Austin, Texas between 1884 and 1885|||
|Smiley face murder theory||1990s - 2000s||0||40+||Theoretical serial killer(s) thought by some sources to have drowned college-aged young men across the northern part of the country since 1997; most experts suggest that the deaths were accidental|||
|Texas Killing Fields||1970s - 2000s||1||30+||TX||Since the early 1970s, roughly 30 bodies have been extracted from the fields, mainly consisting of young girls. May have been the work of multiple killers. Convicted murderer Edward Harold Bell, 72 years old in November 2011, claimed in a letter to police in 1998 to have murdered 11 girls in Galveston County. Kevin Edison Smith was sentenced to life imprisonment for one of the murders in 2012.|||
|Tube Sock Killings||1985||4||6||WA||Unsolved murders which occurred in the remote community of Mineral in Washington|||
|West Mesa murders||2003–2009||11||11+||NM||Remains of 11 women, who disappeared between 2003 and 2005, found buried in desert in Albuquerque, New Mexico in 2009 and attributed to a bone collector|||
|Zodiac Killer||1968 - 1974||5||37||CA||Targeted young couples. Remains unsolved but open in the California jurisdictions the 5 certain Zodiac murders occurred. Potentially 37 total victims claimed but unverified.|||
- List of murdered American children
- List of serial killers by country
- Mass shootings in the United States
- Ronald M. Holmes, Stephen T. Holmes (1998). Contemporary Perspectives on Serial Murder. SAGE Publications. p. 1. ISBN 0761914218. Retrieved June 15, 2016.
Serial murder is the killing of three or more people over a period of more than 30 days, with a significant cooling-off period between the murders [...] The baseline number of three victims appears to be most common among those who are the academic authorities in the field. The time frame also appears to be an agreed-upon component of the definition.
- Burkhalter Chmelir 2003, p. 1.
- Morton 2005, p. 4, 9.
- Luciew, John (1 March 2011). "Family's capture of serial killer Adam Leroy Lane chronicled in book". pennlive.com. PA Media Group. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- "Trucker gets life term for attacks on 2 Pa. women". sandiegouniontribune.com. Associated Press. 28 June 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- "Trucker tells how he killed woman in Bloomsbury". nj.com. New Jersey On-Line LLC. 5 October 2008. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- "Aileen Carol Wuornos". The Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on September 27, 2008. Retrieved September 26, 2008.
- Murder Cases of the Twentieth Century - Biographies and Bibliographies of 280 Convicted or Accused Killers; David K. Frasier — McFarland & Company (Publisher), Copyright September, 1996; ISBN 0-7864-3031-1
- "CRIME: Buttermilk Bluebeard". Time. 1946-05-06. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
- "Alfred Leonard Cline (1888-1948) - Find A Grave..." www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
- The suspect in 3 murders and 8 rapes blended in
- Bike Path Killer Altemio Sanchez arrested five years ago Archived 2013-12-23 at Archive.is, WGRZ, Buffalo, NY, January 17, 2012, Brown, S., Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Sanchez indictment expected in Diver case: Alleged Bike Path Killer tied by DNA to 3rd victim, Buffalo News, Buffalo, NY: Berkshire Hathaway, March 2, 2007, Gryta, M., Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- Wilkinson, Howard (24 April 2002). "Alton Coleman finally faces justice". Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- "Twisted Alabama couple kidnap, rape and kill teenager Lisa Ann Milliken and Janice Chatman in sick 1982 crime spree". Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- "Whatever Went Wrong With Amy?". Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- Walberg, Matthew; Daarel Burnette II; Stacy St. Clair (December 20, 2009). "Serial killer Andre Crawford spared death penalty". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- "FBI — Serial Killers, Part 6: Andrew Cunanan Murders a Fashion Icon". FBI. Archived from the original on 2016-07-02.
- Schneck, Robert Damon (2014). "Ku Klux Klowns: Grim Rippers". Mrs. Wakeman vs. the Anti-Christ: And Other Strange-but-true Tales From American History (E-Book ed.). [S.l.]: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-1585429448.
- Ramsland, Katherine. (2005) The Human Predator: A Historical Chronicle of Serial Murder and Forensic Investigation, Berkley Books, ISBN 978-0-425-20765-9 p. 220.
- "Angel Maturino Resendiz: The Railroad Killer — Terror Near the Tracks — Crime Library". Archived from the original on January 3, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
- Profile, Department of Psychology, Radford University. Archived March 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- Seewer, John (2000). "2 admit 9 Toledo slayings in '80s" Associated Press, April 7, 2000
- Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas (12 December 2007). "ANTHONY ALLEN SHORE, Appellant v. THE STATE OF TEXAS (NO. AP-75,049)". LexisNexis. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Offender Details
- Police: Anthony Kirkland suspect in several murders - FOX19.com-Cincinnati News, Weather & Sports
- "Anthony Sowell guilty of killing 11 women found at Imperial Avenue home, attacking three others". Advance Ohio. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- "Bishop Found Guilty Of Murdering 5 Boys". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. 20 March 1984. pp. 8–A. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- "Upstate New York Serial Killer Dies". AP. 11 October 2008. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- McDonald, Robin (14 June 1983). "Order widens in Hilley probe". The Anniston Star. United States.
- Celebrated criminal cases of America
- "Crack addict confesses he killed women". Kingman Daily Miner / AP. 1992-08-30. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- Murphy, Kay (2008). Tainted Legacy: The Story of Alleged Serial Killer Bertha Gifford. PublishAmerica. ISBN 1-60563-803-X.
- Daily Globe article; Chronicling America: St. Paul, Minnesota; October 17, 1878, Image 2, column 7
- Louwagie, Pam (22 December 2015). "Billy Glaze, convicted in 1980s Mpls. serial killings, has died". Star Tribune. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Louwagie, Pam (3 June 2014). "Citing new DNA in decades-old murders, lawyers ask for new trial". Minneapolis Star Tribune. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
- Newton, Michael (2006). The Encyclopedia of Serial Killers (2nd ed.). Checkmark Books. ISBN 978-0-8160-6196-9.
- "Woman Poisoned Ex-Boyfriend; Also Charged in Husband's Death". Associated Press. 1990-11-14.
- "Bobby Jack Fowler: One murder solved as difficult 'Highway of Tears' investigations go on | Canada | News | National Post". News.nationalpost.com. 2012-09-21. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
- "Bobby Jack Fowler, suspect in death of Newport teen girls, may have killed 20 or more people". The Oregonian. 2012-10-29.
- Hickey, Eric W. (1991). Serial Murderers and Their Victims. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole. pp. 135–136. ISBN 0-534-15414-X.
- Young, Jason (Summer 2001). "Kentucky Cannibal in Cariboo: A Story of the Killer, Boone Helm". The Gold Rush Trail Journal. British Columbia, Canada: Ron Young. 2 (1): 9, 12, 14, 16. ISBN 0-7627-3624-0.
- Hough, Emerson (1905). "OLD WEST LEGENDS: Boone Helm - Murderer, Cannibal & Thief".
- Christy, Gutowski (2007-01-07). "Inside the FBI Files of Brian Dugan". Daily Herald. Archived from the original on 2010-02-06. Retrieved 2013-07-25.
- "Rampage: The Briley brothers terrorized Richmond area". richmond.com. Richmond Times-Dispatch. 30 May 2009. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- Wells, Len (2017-02-15). "Court denies appeal from convicted killer Mendenhall". Evansville Courier & Press. Gannett Company. Retrieved 2017-05-08.
- Lesser, Henry. "Panzram Papers" (PDF). Special Collections & University Archives, Carl Panzram Papers, 1928-1980, Box 1, Folder 3: Typescript of Panzram Manuscript: Part I, Section 1, c. 1928-1930: San Diego State University. p. 11. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Walter, Kristy; Christopher White. "Carl Eugene Watts" (PDF). Radford University Psychology Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 16, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2009.
- Noe, Denise. "Carlton Gary: The Columbus, Georgia Stocking Strangler". Crime Library. truTV. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- Greig, Charlotte (2005). Evil Serial Killers: In the Minds of Monsters. New York: Barnes & Noble. p. 42. ISBN 0760775664.
- Greig, Charlotte (2005). Evil Serial Killers: In the Minds of Monsters. New York: Barnes & Noble. p. 189. ISBN 0760775664.
- Finz, Stacy (13 December 2002). "Yosemite killer sentenced to death / Terrible details of Stayner case stun even the judge". sfgate.com. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- Finz, Stacy (15 December 2002). "The case of a lifetime / For Cary Stayner, there was something about Jeff Rinek that put him at ease - and made him want to talk". sfgate.com. Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- services, From Times wire (1989-10-11). "Nation : Lesbian Sentenced in Murders". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
- Times, Ap, Special To The New York (1988-12-06). "2 HELD IN DEATHS AT NURSING HOME". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
- "Adolph James Rode a.k.a Cesar Barone : Life event" (PDF). Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Deadly Obsession, CBS News, 25 May 2006
- Hollandsworth, Skip (30 April 1993). "See No Evil". Texas Monthly. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
- "Killer nurse gets 11 life sentences". CNN. March 10, 2006. Retrieved 2010-05-12.
- Keen, Amber; Lewis, George; Stone, Kara; Lucas, Andrew (2005). "Charles Ray Hatcher" (PDF). Radford University Department of Psychology. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016.
- Life Magazine .pp.19-24; 88-84; 87-90
- Editors, Biography.com. "Charles Ng Biography". biography.com. A&E Television Networks. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
- Alan., Fox, James (2005). Extreme killing : understanding serial and mass murder. Levin, Jack, 1941-. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. ISBN 0761988572. OCLC 56672341.
- 1928-2014., Innes, Brian, (2006). Serial killers. London: Quercus. ISBN 1905204361. OCLC 99802859.
- 1951-, Newton, Michael, (2006). The encyclopedia of serial killers (2nd ed ed.). New York: Facts On File. ISBN 0816061955. OCLC 57641508.
- "Serial Killer Leonard Lake was Arrested (June 2, 1985) Crime Magazine". www.crimemagazine.com. Retrieved 2018-04-18.
- Spano, John (2007-05-01). "L.A. man guilty in 11 deaths". Los Angeles Times.
- Mara Bovsun: The casual horror behind Christine Falling, the Florida baby-sitter from hell, article from November 17, 2012 on nydailynews.com, accessed on April 15, 2016
- Jerry Shnay (June 6, 1992). "Judge Orders Death For Shotgun Killer". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
- "'Beauty Queen Killer' and race car driver Christopher Bernard Wilder takes a bloody ride through the states, kidnapping, raping and murdering 8 women in short 1984 span". NYDailyNews.com. Archived from the original on April 3, 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
- Davis, Joseph A. (1998). "11: Profiling the Clairemont Serial Murder Case, A Collaborative Investigative Effort". In Holmes, Ronald M.; Holmes, Stephen T. Contemporary Perspectives on Serial Murder. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications. pp. 149–172. ISBN 0-7619-1420-X. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Teen-ager charged in three homicides and 1987 slaying". Spokane Chronicle. Spokane, Washington. September 18, 1989. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
- Wride, Nancy (April 26, 1992). "Condemned and Waiting : Cynthia Coffman Came West for a New Life; Now She Faces 2nd Death Sentence". Los Angeles Times.
- Kiefer, Michael (13 March 2009). "Hausner found guilty on 6 of 8 murder charges". azcentral.com. The Arizona Republic.
- Article about trial of Laster and murder of Lara
- Greenville County Clerk of Courts records
- Majidi, Afarin (14 September 2015). "Dana Sue Gray, the Shopaholic Who Murdered Old Women to Finance Her Shopping Sprees | First to Know". firsttoknow.com. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
- Newton, Michael. Hunting Humans: An Encyclopedia of Modern Serial Killers.
- Malnic, Eric; Jack Jones (March 28, 1987). "Murderer in Alabama Confesses 2 L.A. Killings". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- "Danny Barber - Death Penalty Information Center". www.deathpenaltyinfo.org.
- "Text of Rolling's confession to Shreveport murders". NBCNews.com. 27 October 2006. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
- Botelho, Greg; Harlow, Poppy (October 21, 2014). "Police: Abandoned homes searched after man admits to 7 killings". CNN. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
- Botelho, Greg (October 23, 2014). "Who is Indiana serial killer suspect Darren Deon Vann?". cnn.com. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
- Holmes, Evelyn (May 25, 2018). "Serial killer Darren Vann sentenced to life in prison for killing 7 women". abc7chicago.com. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
- Park, Sunju, Fong, Cho, Zhang, Gritz, Milan, Herzlich, Gore, Ashley, Chuck, Alan G., Hyung, Cheng, David C., Gibran, Alexandra A., Patrick, Morganti, Roy S. "David Alan Gore "The Killing Cousins"" (PDF). maamodt. Department of Psychology Radford University. Retrieved 20 Feb 2015.
- Abrahamsen, David (1985). Confessions of Son of Sam. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-05760-1.
- Schechter, Harold. The Serial Killer Files: The Who, What, Where, How, and Why of the World's Most Terrifying Murderers. Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-46566-5.
- Robinson, Ruthann (1 November 2005). "Maust's troubled childhood led to murders, experts say". nwi.com.
- Yates, Jon; Sadovi, Carlos (15 December 2003). "Diary uncovers rage, guilt". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
- Paddock, Richard C. (22 August 1993). "Crime and Punishment : If David Mason Keeps Tuesday's Date With the Gas Chamber, a Life of Torment and Violence Will Have Come Full Circle". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "David Meirhofer". billingsgazette.com. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- "David Parker Ray (profile)" (PDF). Radford University.
- "Dayton Leroy Rogers, Oregon's most prolific serial killer, appealing death sentence". The Oregonian. Associated Press. January 13, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
- Olsen, Jack (1974). The Man with the Candy: The Story of the Houston Mass Murders. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-1283-0.
- Cosner Love, Victoria; Shannon, Lorelei (2011). Mad Madame Lalaurie. Charleston, SC: The History Press. ISBN 978-1609491994.
- Douglas, John E. (2007). Inside the Mind of BTK: The True Story Behind Thirty Years of Hunting for the Wichita Serial Killer. Jossey Bass Wiley. ISBN 978-0-7879-8484-7.
- "Officials confirm convicted serial killer Derrick Todd Lee has died". wafb.com. Raycom Media. 21 January 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Lydia Polgreen (2003-05-22). "Many Children, Many Moves, and a Grisly Find - New York Times". Sullivan County (Ny); Potterville (Pa); Kauneonga Lake (Ny); Stafford (Ariz): Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2014-08-10.
- Holmes, Ronald, & Holmes, Stephen. (2009). Serial Murder 3rd ed. Sage Publications, Inc.
- Donald H. Gaskins; Wilton Earle (1992). Final Truth : The Autobiography of a Serial Killer. ISBN 978-0-9632422-0-4.
- Staff writer (September 19, 1993). "Former Isle resident Evans gets death sentence in Miss". Galveston Daily News. Galveston, TX. AP. Retrieved December 12, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Wood, William P. (2004). The Bone Garden: the Sacramento Boardinghouse Murders. New York: IBooks. ISBN 0-7434-8693-5.
- Greig, Charlotte (2005). Evil Serial Killers: In the Minds of Monsters. New York: Barnes & Noble. ISBN 0760775664.
- Schechter, Harold (2004). Bestial: The Savage Trail of a True American Monster. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9780743483353.
- Schechter, Harold (1989). Deviant: The Shocking True Story of Ed Gein, The Original Psycho. Gallery Books. ISBN 978-0671644826.
- Stasio, Marilyn (2017-10-26). "Stranger Than Fiction: The Best True-Crime Stories". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
- Cheney, Margaret (1976). The Co-ed Killer. ISBN 0-8027-0514-6.
- "Edward Wayne Edwards: A timeline of his life". Madison.com. June 9, 2010. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- "Edward Edwards, convicted killer of 5, dies of natural causes in Ohio prison". Wisconsin State Journal. April 8, 2011. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
- Profile of Rulloff Archived 2012-02-23 at the Wayback Machine.
- The Life and Death of Edward H. Rulloff
- Ramsland, Katherine. (2005) The Human Predator: A Historical Chronicle of Serial Murder and Forensic Investigation, Berkley Books, ISBN 978-0-425-20765-9 p. 220.
- GUILTY: Flint serial killer Elias Abuelazam convicted by 'mountains of evidence' The Flint Journal via MLive.com, May 22, 2012
- Jones, Ann (1996). Women Who Kill. Beacon Press. ISBN 978-0-8070-6775-8.
- "To appeal Henley's conviction". The Journal. Meriden, CT: Associated Press. 17 July 1974. p. 18.
- "Burden of Proof" The Dallas Observer
- Greig, Charlotte (2005). Evil Serial Killers: In the Minds of Monsters. New York: Barnes & Noble. pp. 64–65. ISBN 0760775664.
- Bovsun, Mara (25 March 2008). "The case of the vanishing vagrants". The New York Daily News. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
- Miller, Tom (1993). The Copeland Killings. New York: Pinnacle Books. pp. 1–304. ISBN 1558176756.
- Granger, Shawn (2007). Family Bones Volume 1. La Verne, CA: King Tractor Press. pp. 1–176. ISBN 0978748603.
- Granger, Shawn (2010). Family Bones Volume 2. La Verne, CA: King Tractor Press. pp. 1–170. ISBN 0978748611.
- "Convicted Murderer Gets Death Sentence". The Press-Courier. July 2, 1988. p. 4. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
- "SUSPECT IN GAY SLAYINGS CALLED VOLATILE 'WILD CARD'". The Washington Post. June 25, 1994. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Rule, Ann. Green River, Running Red. Pocket Books. p. 704. ISBN 0-7434-6050-2.
- Bever, Lindsey (26 May 2017). "'Angel of Death' nurse charged with killing another baby, suspected in up to 60 other deaths". The Washington Post.
- Hauser, Christine (June 23, 2017). "Texas Nurse Suspected of Killing Up to 60 Children Is Charged With Murder". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- King, Wayne (February 6, 1984). "Five Given Injections Quit Breathing, Doctor Says In Nurse's Trial". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- "Former Nurse Indicted in Texas Child Injury Case". The New York Times. November 22, 1983. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- Southern Hollows Routine Papers: Meet America's Notorious Baby Thief, Georgia Tann
- Biondi, Ray; Hecox, Walter (1988). All his father's sins : inside the Gerald Gallego sex-slave murders. Rocklin, CA: Prima Pub. & Communications. ISBN 978-0914629344.
- Cekola, Anna; H. G. Reza (20 August 1996). "O.C. Grand Jury Heard Parker Admit 6 Killings". Los Angeles Times.
- Flowers, Anna (1993). Blind Fury. Pinnacle Books. ISBN 978-1558177192.
- Bovsun, Mara (19 March 2017). "Gerard Schaefer Jr.'s horrifying 'Killer Fiction' stories could have been filed on memoir shelf". New York Daily News.
- Linedecker, Clifford (1997). Smooth Operator: The True Story of Seductive Serial Killer Glen Rogers. St. Martin's. ISBN 0-312-96400-5.
- Flacco, Anthony; Jerry Clark (November 2009). The Road Out of Hell: Sanford Clark and the True Story of the Wineville Murders. Union Square Press. ISBN 978-1-4027-6869-9.
- Borowski, John (November 2005). Estrada, Dimas, ed. The Strange Case of Dr. H. H. Holmes. West Hollywood, California, U.S.: Waterfront Productions. ISBN 0-9759185-1-6.
- Geary, Rick (2003). The Beast of Chicago: An Account of the Life and Crimes of Herman W. Mudgett, Known to the World as H. H. Holmes. New York City, New York, U.S.: NBM Publishing. ISBN 1-56163-365-8.
- Van Olsen, Cora (20 November 2012). "Serial Killer Spotlight: Hadden Clark". Archived from the original on 10 February 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- Musgrave, Jon. "Frontier serial killers: The Harpes," American Weekend - The Daily Register, Harrisburg, IL, October 23, 1998.
- Heine, Kurt (1988). 'Marty' Graham Guilty of 7 Murders, Philly.com, 27 April 1988; accessed 27 March 2016
- Goodsell, Edward H., (1896), "Harry Hayward: Life, crimes, dying confession and execution of the celebrated Minneapolis criminal,", Calhoun Publishing Co., Minneapolis, Minnesota.
- Jarvis, Benjamin. Harry Powers: Bluebeard of Quiet Dell West Virginia State Archives Collection December 12, 1931. Web. Sep 27, 2011.
- The Want-Ad Killer: Harvey Carignan, by Ann Rule
- "Allentown serial killer's death penalty verdict upheld". 31 December 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
- Goldenberg, Suzanne (2008-04-18). "Elderly women face jail over insurance killings". The Guardian.
- Karlin, Adam. "Henry Lee Lucas: The Confession Killer". The Lineup. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
- Lapeyre, Jason. "The Serial Killer the Cops Ignored: The Henry Louis Wallace Murders". Crime Magazine. Retrieved 19 May 2012. Full content available only to subscribers.
- Natasha Albert; Erin Allen; Sherri Armistead; Josh Bradley. "Herb Baumeister "The I-70 Strangler"" (PDF). Department of Psychology, Radford University.
- Vernetta Watts; Virginia Douglas; Doreen DeWitt; Erin Walker; Kelly Thompson; Adam VanZandbergen; John Stacy; Benjie Soberano. "Herbert Mullin". Department of Psychology, Radford University. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Richardson, Lynda (June 22, 1996). "Suspect Is Charged in 4 Zodiac Cases in Queens". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-07.
- "ALLEN, HOWARD A. # 56". Indiana Death Row. Prosecuting Attorney Clark County Indiana. 1 July 2006. Retrieved 23 January 2007.
- Branden Cobb (2013-08-13). "Israel Keyes Update: Alaska serial killer linked to at least 11 deaths, FBI says". CBS News. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
- McLaughlin, Vance. The Postcard Killer: The True Story of America's First Profiled Serial Killer and How the Police Brought Him Down, Thunder's Mouth Press, New York, 2006.
- "'Zebra' cult killings rite?". Boca Raton News. UPI. May 2, 1974. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
- "Man Pleads Guilty To Mutilation Slayings". The Seattle Times. 1996-04-13. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Hickey, Eric W. (2009). Serial Murderers and their Victims, 5th Edition. Wadsworth. p. 191. ISBN 978-4-95600814-3.
- Lohr, David (November 16, 2016). "Suspected Serial Killer Unmasked After Chance Police Encounter". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
- Duggan, Paul (27 September 1994). "Shotgun stalker ruled insane, not guilty". washingtonpost.com.
- Potts, Michael. "Jane Toppan: A Greed, Power, and Lust Serial Killer". Academia. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
- Norman, Abby (15 April 2016). "Why Did Janie Lou Gibbs Murder Her Entire Family?". medium.com. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Davis, Don (1991). The Jeffrey Dahmer Story: An American Nightmare. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-92840-7.
- "Jerome Brudos". A&E Television Networksm. 27 April 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- "The story of Jesse Pomeroy, 14-year-old serial killer". CBS Interactive Inc. 13 March 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Hall, Michael (July 1, 2002). "Two Barmaids, Five Alligators, and the Butcher of Elmendorf". Texas Monthly. Texas. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
- "Joel Rifkin". A&E Television Networksm. 21 October 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Potter, Dena (November 11, 2009). "Silent DC sniper mastermind Muhammad executed". Yahoo! News. Archived from the original on November 17, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- Frank Eltman. "Man Is Convicted of 1990s Murders of 2 Prostitutes". NBC New York.
- DAVID MCCLINTICK. "SERIAL KILLER J. R. ROBINSON'S SINISTER ALTER EGO". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- Bone, James (2009-04-30). "DNA reveals John Floyd Thomas as LA's most prolific serial killer". The Times. London. Retrieved 2009-05-01.
- Blankstein, Andrew (2009-09-24). "Prosecutors link John Floyd Thomas to five more slayings". latimes. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Kim, Victoria; Andrew Blankstein; Jack Leonard (2 April 2011). "Serial killer John Floyd Thomas Jr., dubbed the Westside Rapist, is sentenced to life". Los Angeles Times.
- Pettit, Mark (1990). A Need to Kill. Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-8041-0785-3.
- Keyes, Edward (1976). The Michigan Murders. U.S.A.: Reader's Digest Press. ISBN 978-0-472-03446-8.
- Linedecker, Clifford L. (1980). The Man Who Killed Boys: A True Story of Mass Murder in a Chicago Suburb (First ed.). St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-51157-4. OCLC 5564916.
- Sullivan, Terry; Maiken, Peter T. (2000). Killer Clown: The John Wayne Gacy Murders (Paperback ed.). Pinnacle. ISBN 0-7860-1422-9. OCLC 156783287.
- Neo Nazi guilty in Chicago doctor's death Home/UPI Archives
- Profile of Joseph Christopher, Radford/FGCU Serial Killer Database; accessed December 9, 2014.
- Boone, Rebecca (28 August 2008). "Duncan sentenced to death". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
- "Idaho killer Duncan pleads guilty to 1997 Calif. murder". Seattle: KOMO-TV. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2011.
- Schriber, Flora (1984). Th Shoemaker. New York, NY: Nal Penguin INC.
- Turvey, Brent E (2002). Criminal profiling: an introduction to behavioral evidence analysis. San Diego, Calif.: Academic Press. ISBN 0127050418.
- "Joseph Taborsky and the "Mad Dog Killings"". connecticuthistory.org. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- Klien, Gary (November 22, 2013). "Marin judge sentences Joseph Naso to death row for murders of six women". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- Ayton, Mel (2011). Dark Soul of the South: The Life and Crimes of Racist Killer Joseph Paul Franklin. Potomac Press, Inc.
- Cray, Ed (1973). Burden of Proof: The Case of Juan Corona. Macmillan. ISBN 0-02-528770-2.
- Kidder, Tracy (1974). The Road to Yuba City: A Journey into the Juan Corona Murders. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-02865-2.
- Lin, Jennifer (March 4, 2006). "Murderer of three given triple life terms Juan Covington, his lawyer said, was driven to shoot his five victims by a conviction that 'he had a mission to exterminate the devil.'". philly.com. The Inquirer. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
- of., Criminal Justice, Department (2000-03-02). "Texas Department of Criminal Justice". www.tdcj.state.tx.us. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
- "Twisted Alabama couple kidnap, rape and kill teenager Lisa Ann Milliken and Janice Chatman in sick 1982 crime spree". Retrieved 31 October 2017.
- Anderson, Chris; Sharon McGehee (1992). Bodies of Evidence: The Shocking True Story of America's Most Chilling Serial Murderess... From Crime Scene to Courtroom to Electric Chair. St. Martin's True Crime. ISBN 0-312-92806-8.
- Kreuger, Peggy; Kendra Justice & Amy Hunt (March 2006). "Keith Hunter Jesperson: Happy Face Killer" (PDF). Radford University Department of Psychology. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
- Rosen, Fred (July 1, 2015). Body Dump: Kendall Francois, the Poughkeepsie Serial Killer. Open Road Media. ISBN 9781504022644.
- Schwarz, Ted. The Hillside Strangler, Quill Driver Books. 2004. ISBN 1-884956-37-8
- Lavergne, Gary M. (1999). Bad Boy from Rosebud. University of North Texas Press. ISBN 9781574410723.
- Bob Stewart (1996). No Remorse. Kensington Publishing Corporation. ISBN 978-0-7860-0231-3.
- Nurse's bleach injection deaths trial begins
- "Texas Attorney General". Oag.state.tx.us. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
- Phleps, M. William (2003). Perfect Poison. Pinnacle Books. ISBN 0-7860-1550-0.
- John O'Brien, "THE EYLER LEGACY: 21 DEATHS MURDERER ADMITTED GRISLY 2-STATE SPREE", Chicago Tribune (pre-1997 Fulltext), 9 March 1994, retrieved on 30th May 2010
- Furio, Jennifer (2001). Team Killers: A Comparative Study of Collaborative Criminals. Algora Publishing. ISBN 1892941635.
- Malvo Found Guilty in Washington Sniper Case Archived 2004-08-13 at the Wayback Machine.
- Gibbons, Bill R. (2003). Martin: Profile of the Gaffney Strangler. ASIN B000M14WCY.
- Holland, Jr., Jim (1981). A reporter remembers the Gaffney strangler. ASIN B0006Y90O2. OCLC 9753173.
- Martin, Tommy E. (1994). "I will kill again-- ": The Gaffney strangler story. Cherokee Chronicle. ASIN B0006QBD54.
- Denis Foley (2003-10-01). Lemuel Smith and the Compulsion to Kill: The Forensic Story of a Multiple Personality Serial Killer. New Lietrim House Publishing, LLC. ISBN 0-9722383-0-1
- Lasseter, Don (2000). Die For Me: The Terrifying True Story of the Charles Ng & Leonard Lake Torture Murders. Pinnacle Books. ISBN 978-0-7860-1926-7.
- Davis, Rich (April 9, 2008). "Notorious killer Leslie Irvin gripped Tri-State in fear in mid-1950s". courierpress.com. Evansville Courier & Press. Retrieved March 13, 2012.
- Olsen, Gregg (1997). Starvation Heights : The True Story of an American Doctor and the Murder of a British Heiress. Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-60341-4.
- "A Murderous Maniac – The Many Crimes Charged Against Lizzie Halliday, A mania Like Jack The Ripper" Frederick NewsMaryland, U.S.A. 11 September 1893 (reprinted at findagrave.com)
- "Man Found Guilty For All 10 'Grim Sleeper' Killings Of Women". The Huffington Post. 2016-05-05. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
- Writer, Linda Hughes-Kirchubel Record Staff. "Jury finds Herzog guilty". recordnet.com. Retrieved 2016-02-20.
- Hollingsworth, Heather (March 17, 2007). "Kansas City man guilty of murdering six women". LJWorld. Associated Press. Retrieved 2011-03-06.
- Renner, Joan Renner. "The Life and Lies of L.A. Man Killer Louise Peete". lamag.com. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- Anderson, William C. (1994). Lady Bluebeard:The True Story of Love and Marriage, Death and Flypaper. Fred Pruett Books. ASIN B00795BVIO.
- Staff (January 11, 1873). "The Derby Poisoner. – Confession of Mrs. Lydia Sherman, the Murderer of Three Husbands and Four Children" (PDF). Hartford Courant (via The New York Times). Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- "Long Dead Killer Back in Sights of Police". LA Times. March 17, 2007. Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- Kistler, Robert. "Police Say Man May Have Slain 6 Youths." Los Angeles Times, 7 March 1970
- Glatt, John (2000). Cradle of Death: The Chilling Story of a Mother, Multiple Murder, and SIDS. Macmillan. ISBN 9781429997058.
- "Wicked witness got federal protection to turn into 'mad-dog killer'". Daily News. 1 October 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- "Take a Chilling Look Inside the Baseline Killer Case". Phoenix New Times. November 10, 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- Douglas, John E.; Burgess, Allen G.; Ressler, Robert K. (2006). "Case Study 122.01: Spontaneous Domestic Homicide". Crime Classification Manual: A Standard System for Investigating and Classifying Violent Crimes. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-7879-8501-1.
- Flowers, R. Barre (2013). Killers of the Lonely Hearts: The Tale of Serial Killers Raymond Fernandez & Martha Beck. ASIN B00E6VETEM.
- "Unwanted Woman Back to Jail Where She Has Spent 37 years". St. Joseph Gazette. UPI. Feb 3, 1962. p. 11. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
- Mark Gado. "An Immoral Woman". Retrieved 2012-06-09.
- "Murdering mother faces more charges". The Courier. July 19, 1987. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
- "Serial killer's home movies". ABC Primetime. ABC News. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
- "From Ivy Leaguer To Serial Killer". Hartford Courant. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- Pelisek, Christine (November 25, 2010). "The Chiller Killer – Michael Gargiulo, Accused of Killing Ashton Kutcher's Girlfriend and Other L.A. Beauties, Got Close as the Helpful Air-Conditioning Repairman". LA Weekly. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
- "Serial killer: Michael Hughes". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
- "East Cleveland serial killer Michael Madison convicted on 13 counts: 'He will never do this again'". cleveland.com. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Stewart, James B. (1999). Blind Eye: How the Medical Establishment Let a Doctor Get Away With Murder. New York City: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-85484-8.
- "Couple charged with murder in deaths of boarders". SOUTH BEND (AP): kitsapsun.com. Associated Press (AP). 14 August 2003. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
- Lane, Brian; Wilfred Gregg. The Encyclopedia of Serial Killers. Berkley Books. ISBN 0-425-15213-8.
- "California Handyman Charged in 6 Murders". The New York Times. Associated Press (via). 26 April 1987.
- Wilson, Colin. The Mammoth Book of True Crime. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 1998. ISBN 0-7867-0536-1
- William Glaberson (August 5, 1992). "Parolee Charged with the Killing of 6 in New York". The New York Times.
- Davies, Tom (26 September 2017). "Nurse serving 360 years in prison for killing 6 people at Indiana hospital dies". chicagotribune.com. Associated Press. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
- "The Twisted Life of Serial Killer Ottis Elwood Toole". Fox News. December 16, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-17.
- "Suspect said confessed to more "trash-bag" killings". Times Daily (UPI). Florence, Alabama. 5 January 1978. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- Henderson (2008), "Rescuing African Americans", p. 328
- Judith A. Yates (2014). When Nashville Bled: The Untold Stories of Serial Killer Paul Dennis Reid. Createspace Independent Pub. ISBN 1502773376.
- Ferguson, George, Emily Downing, Kaylor Eutsler, & David Disque. Paul Durousseau: The Jacksonville Serial Killer. Radford University Dept of Psychology.
- Sandy Fawkes, Killing Time, 1977, Taplinger Publishing Co, London
- Sandy Fawkes, Natural Born Killer: In Love and on the Road with a Serial Killer, 2004, John Blake Publishing, London
- Knapcik, Kristina M. (20 December 1997). "'Weepy-voiced Killer' confesses to 1981 death of Pepin woman". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 10 April 2013.[dead link]
- Shah, Allie (12 June 1998). "Obituary:'Weepy-voiced killer' Paul Stephani, 53, dies in prison". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on 27 October 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- Anne Rule (1984). The I-5 Killer. USA: Penguin Group. ISBN 0-451-16559-4.
- Nash, Jay Robert, The Encyclopedia of World Crime, cited in Colin Wilson, The Murder Casebook, p. 201
- Nash, Jay Robert (1984). Jay Robert Nash's Crime Chronology: A Worldwide Record 1900-1983. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 106–107. ISBN 9781461747710. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
- McDougal, Dennis (1992) . Angel of Darkness: The True Story of Randy Kraft and the Most Heinous Murder Spree of the Century. Warner Books. ISBN 978-0-7088-5342-9..
- Wolfe, Linda (1998). Love Me to Death: A Journalist's Memoir of the Hunt for Her Friend's Killer. ISBN 978 1-4976-3744-3.
- "Nurse gets 50 years to life". Times Daily. 25 January 1990. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
- Newton, Michael (1990). "Hunting Humans: An Encyclopedia of Modern Serial Killers". Murderpedia. Breakout Productions. ISBN 978-1559500265. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- Bovsun, Mara (January 2, 2010). "Just crazy for blood: Richard Trenton Chase, a.k.a. the Vampire of Sacramento". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- Keppel, Robert D.; William J. Birnes (2008). Serial Violence: Analysis of Modus Operandi and Signature Characteristics of Killers. CRC Press. pp. 65–96. ISBN 978-1-4200-6632-6.
- "Richard Francis Cottingham: "The Torso Killer"" (PDF). Department of Psychology, Radford University. Retrieved April 22, 2010.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2010-04-20.
- Hall, Jim, and Kari Pugh (2004-06-14). "The making of a murderer". Fredricksburg Free Lance-Star. Archived from the original on 2013-01-23.
- Bruno, Anthony (1993). The Iceman: The True Story of a Cold-Blooded Killer. New York, New York: Delacorte.
- Rule, Ann (1993). "Rehabilitation of a Monster". A Rose for Her Grave and Other True Cases. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0671793531.
- Carlo, Philip (1996). The Night Stalker: The Life and Crimes of Richard Ramirez (Paperback ed.). New York, New York: Kensington Publishing Corp. ISBN 978-0-786-00379-2.
- In the Matter of Ricky Lee Green, Petitioner
- Family of Tina Harmon, abducted and killed in 1981, wants police to reopen the case - Massillon, OH - The Independent
- Busch, Alva (1995). Roadside Prey. Pinnacle. ISBN 978-0786002214.
- Rosewood, Jack (2015). Robert Berdella: The True Story of the Kansas City Butcher. London: CreateSpace. ISBN 978-1-517-25635-7.
- Dave Herrera (2007). Robert Charles Browne is a Killer Con Man, Westworld.com, accessed 26 June 2017
- Martin, Reagan (July 9, 2013). Hunted on Ice: The Search for Alaskan Serial Killer Robert Hansen. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. pp. 116 pages. ISBN 978-1490959061.
- "Death on the rails". The Guardian. 26 March 1999. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
- Associated Press (21 March 1998). "Murderer to plead guilty to killings in two states". Register-Guard. Eugene, OR. pp. 3B. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
- "Serial killer Yates sentenced to death". Seattle Times. October 3, 2002. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- "Convicted killer, former football player, says he's sorry for slaying". Associated Press. March 6, 1999.
- McQuiston, John T. (2000-01-05). "An Inmate On Death Row Pleads Guilty In More Killings". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
- "Robert Zarinsky: Why he's 1 of N.J.'s most notorious killers". nj.com. 2016-02-16. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
- Curry, Josh (2016). Killer Photographer: The True Story of Rodney Alcala. CreateSpace. ISBN 9781539352259.
- Grimes, Jeanne (20 June 2013). "Deadly summer of 78". The Purcell Register. Archived from the original on 3 May 2015.
- Henderson, Bruce. Trace Evidence: The Hunt for the I-5 Serial Killer. ISBN 0989467511.
- "From a meek "nobody" to a serial killer?". seattletimes.com/. 12 June 2006. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
- Barrett, Barbara (July 28, 2008). "Bush approves execution of soldier, first in 50 years". McClatchy. Archived from the original on January 7, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2010.
- "Miami Man Confesses In 6 Prostitute Slayings". Fort Lauderdale Sun-Sentinel. 27 June 1995. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
- "Sam Dieteman, Serial Shooter, is Spared Death Sentence by Jury; Will Spend Rest of Life in Prison". Phoenix New Times. 29 July 2009. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
- Troy Taylor. "AMERICA'S FIRST "PUBLIC ENEMY" The Life & Crimes of Samuel Green". prairieghosts.com. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
- Wagner, Mark and Mary R. McCorvie, "Going to See the Varmint: Piracy in Myth and Reality on the Ohio River, 1785–1830", In X Marks The Spot: The Archaeology of Piracy, edited by Russell K. Skowronek and Charles R. Ewen, pp. 219–247. University of Florida Press, Gainesville.
- "Sante Kimes". biography.com. Retrieved 2014-07-10.
- Jones, J. Harry (2003-09-22). "Death penalty focus of Erskine case: Trial begins today in '93 killing of 2 boys". Union Tribune.
- Jones, J. Harry (2004-08-29). "The hunt for Scott Erskine The long and costly trail leading to Erskine's conviction in slayings". Union Tribune.
- SANDELL, Clayton (10 July 2009). "FBI Informant Charged With Four Murders". abc News. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
- DUBOIS, STEVEN (2013-02-23). "Oregon trucker who killed women now free in McMinnville". newsregister.com. News-Register Publishing. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
- Torralba, Mike (19 July 2008), "Union Man Gets Life in Three Killings, Mutilations", charlotteobserver.com, retrieved 5 May 2012
- *Dawkins, Vickie L. and Higgins, Nina Downey. Devil Child. Paperback ed. New York: St. Martins Press, 1989. ISBN 0-312-91533-0
- "Judge: Gillis Jury Can See Confession Letters". WAFB. WAFB Channel 9 Baton Rouge. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- "Baton Rouge Serial Killer Sean Vincent Gillis Finally Goes to Trial". Investigation Discovery: Bizarre Crimes. July 22, 2008. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- Hays, James C. (1997). "I'm just an Ordinary Girl": The Sharon Kinne Story. Leathers Publishing. ISBN 1890622109.
- Jackman, Jay. "23 Felony Count Indictments Against Suspected Serial Killer". WMFD. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
- "Crowd in court applauds death sentence for Shawn Grate". Mansfield News Journal. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
- Lara Bricker. "Insanity defense: LaBarre pleads not guilty in 2 murders". SeacoastOnline.com. Retrieved 2014-08-01.
- "Shirley Winters pleads guilty" www.syracuse.com Dowty, Douglass April 22, 2008
- Clarke, Chris (April 14, 2005). "Stephen Morin: How I unwittingly helped a serial killer". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
- Life and Confession of Stephen Dee Richards, the Murderer of Nine Persons, Executed at Minden, Nebraska, April 28, 1879. Lincoln, Nebraska: State Journal Co. 1879.
- Thompson, William (15 March 1992). "Delaware killer gets last wish -- death". Baltimore Sun.
- Emsley, John (2008-01-01). Molecules of Murder: Criminal Molecules and Classic Cases. Royal Society of Chemistry. ISBN 9780854049653.
- Dekle, George R. Sr. (2011). The Last Murder: The Investigation, Prosecution, and Execution of Ted Bundy (Hardcover ed.). Santa Barbara: Praeger (Imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC). ISBN 978-0-313-39743-1.
- "Geocites: Terri Rachals". Archived from the original on 2009-08-05. Retrieved 2007-12-05.
- "Blair Sentenced To Life Without Parole". KMBC.com. 24 April 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2012.
- "The Tale of the 'Demon of the Belfry,' San Francisco's Forgotten Jack the Ripper". sfgate.com. 2016-10-31. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
- Carter, Mike (November 12, 1993). "Woman accused of killing children arrest in Utah". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. p. 7A.
- Kohn, David (February 11, 2009). "A Sniper's Mind". CBSNEWS.com. CBS News. Retrieved August 30, 2017.
- Manson, Joe, The Daily Nexus, June 4, 1980, p. 1.
- Hardy, Dave, Santa Barbara News-Press, June 18, 1980, p. B-1.
- "Serial killer gets 13 life terms". United Press International. April 5, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-07.[permanent dead link]
- Marshall, Natalie (2016). Southside Strangler: The True Story of Timothy Spencer Wilson. CreateSpace. ISBN 9781523916313.
- Ortiz, Erik (May 26, 2017). "South Carolina 'Serial Killer' Todd Kohlhepp Pleads Guilty in 7 Murders". NBC News. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- "Todd Kohlhepp pleads guilty to murdering 7 over 13 years". CNN. May 26, 2017. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- "memim.com". memim.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-08-02.
- "Death row inmate claims to know where missing Oklahoma girls are buried." Morning Sun, The (Pittsburg, KS) 15 May 2002, regional. NewsBank. Web. 6 Oct. 2015.
- Coleman, Jack. "Today in Cape history: Tony Costa arraigned in Truro murders”[permanent dead link]. Cape Cod Confidential. CapeCodToday.com 12 June 2008.
- Newton, Michael (1990). Hunting Humans: An Encyclopedia of Modern Serial Killers. Loompanics Unlimited. ISBN 9781559500265.
- "Velma Margie Barfield #29". Office of the Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Retrieved 2008-01-16.
- Kershaw, Sarah. (2000). "Connected in Friendship, and in Shared Addictions". The New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2007.
- Vielmetti, Bruce (2011-02-24). "Ellis gets life - 7 times over". JSOnline. Retrieved 2012-08-08.
- Bearak, Barry (22 May 1994), "COLUMN ONE : A Mother Who Lost Five Babies : One after another, Waneta Hoyt's children died. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome was blamed. Years later, Hoyt said she killed them--then recanted. Now, she faces murder trial amid a swirl of questions", Los Angeles Times
- Cruz, Mike (28 June 2006). "Ford guilty on all counts". The Sun. Archived from the original on 24 October 2006.
- Cruz, Mike (10 August 2006). "Jury: Death for Ford". Inland Valley Daily Bulletin.
- "Wayne Nance". Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- "Serial Killer Wayne Nance and the Case of "The Montana Jane Doe's"". 6 March 2006. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- Child murder victims' families question Wayne Williams guilt (May 2, 2015). WXIA archive, retrieved December 10, 2015.
- "'Speed Freak Killers' Update: Search for victims' remains reaches bottom of Calif. well". CBS News.
- Carol M. Ostrom, Jack Broom, Westley Dodd: A Long, Steady Slide Into Dark Desperation, The Seattle Times (1993-01-03), Retrieved on 2007-11-10
- Rosewood, Jack (2015). William Bonin: The True Story of the Freeway Killer. CreateSpace. ISBN 978-1-5196-3119-0.
- Nicholson, Rebecca (2018-02-02). "Death Row 2018 with Trevor McDonald review – clear-eyed detachment from the veteran journalist". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-04-10.
- "William Archerd: a serial matrimonialist killer". National Center for Biotechnology Information. PMC .
- Getlen, Larry (10 July 2016). "How a small-time crook became a ruthless killer — with a passion for real estate". New York Post. NYP HOLDINGS, INC. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "Serial killer says he hopes his "slow, painful death in prison" will comfort families". CBS News. November 17, 2017.
- "7th victim named in Connecticut serial killer case". CBS News. June 9, 2015.
- "William Heirens, known as the 'Lipstick Killer,' dead". Chicago Tribune. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- O'Neill, Ann (26 July 2006). "Face to face with an alleged serial killer". CNN Justice. CNN. Archived from the original on 20 January 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- "Oppose the execution of William Bradford". July 1998 Newsletter. Amnesty International Group 22. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- Keers, Christine; St. Pierre, Dennis (1996). The Riverside Killer. Pinnacle. ISBN 978-0786003457.
- Craig, Gary (March 1, 2009). "'Double initial' murders remain mystery after 35 years". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester: Gannett. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
- Heidel, Jamie. "Andre Rand: The Real Serial Killer Behind the Staten Island Urban Legend". Yahoo Voices. Yahoo. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
- Silberman, Eve (November 2016). "VA Murders Revisited". Ann Arbor Observer. Ann Arbor: Ann Arbor Observer. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- Fennessy, Steve (26 October 2005). "Atlanta's Jack the Ripper". CL Atlanta: Creative Loafing. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- Davis, Miriam C. (2017). The Axeman of New Orleans. Chicago Review Press Incorporated. ISBN 978-1-61374-871-8.
- "Authorities: DNA test of remains confirms link between Boston Strangler suspect, last victim", Washington Post, Washington Post, 2013, retrieved July 19, 2013
- Ramsland, Katherine. "The Mysterious Charlie Chop-off". TruTV Crime Library. Archived from the original on June 5, 2008.
- Raver, Diane (3 October 2014). "Author investigates Cincinnati Strangler". batesvilleheraldtribune.com. The Herald-Tribune. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- Badal, James Jessen (2001). In the wake of the butcher Cleveland's torso murders. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press. ISBN 9781612772769.
- Jon Burkett (May 17, 2010). "New Investigator Looking into the Colonial Parkway Murders". Archived from the original on May 20, 2010.
- "New details published in Colonial Parkway murders". wktr.com. August 10, 2010. Archived from the original on October 31, 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- "New England Unsolved: The Valley Killer, part 1". Blogspot. August 30, 2008. Archived from the original on April 30, 2010.
- Waddell, Lynn (10 January 2008). "A Serial Killer On the Loose?". Newsweek via The Daily Beast. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- Michels, Scott (9 January 2008). "Is Serial Killer Stalking Daytona's Women?". Cuomo on the Case. ABC News. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
- Green, Elon (11 December 2014). "The Untold Story of the Doodler Murders". Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- Combs, Brian (February 6, 2011). "Victims of the Eastbound Strangler". Serial Killers Podcast. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
- "Authorities Search Home of Ex-Motel Worker During Probe of 4 Dead Atlantic City Prostitutes". Associated Press. April 3, 2007. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
- "Rocky Mount police chief suspects serial killer in deaths".
- "Police Task Force still searching for elusive February 9th Killer" Fox13Now, 6 February 2010 Archived July 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- Michael Newton (2009). The Encyclopedia of Unsolved Crimes. Infobase Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 978-1-4381-1914-4. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
- Ramsland, Katherine. "Frankford Slasher". truTV Crime Library.
- Swierczynski, Duane (August 25–31, 2005). "Under the El". Philadelphia citypaper. Philadelphia City Paper. Archived from the original on 2006-03-29.
- Wilber, Del Quentin (26 June 2006). "'Freeway Phantom' Slayings Haunt Police, Families". The Washington Post.
- Crompton, Larry (2010). Sudden Terror: The True Story of California's Most Infamous Sexual Predator. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse. ISBN 978-1-4520-5242-7.
- "FBI launches task force for "Gypsy Hill Murders"". Washington Times. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- Sugimoto, Minna. "Serial Killer Case Still a Mystery". KHNL. p. 1.
- Daias, Gary; Dingeman, Robbie (2003). "7: Honolulu's Serial Killings". Honolulu Homicide. Honolulu, Hawaii: Bess Press. pp. 63–79. ISBN 1-57306-156-5.
- White, Grace (27 February 2017). "Could 4 women's murders on the N. Freeway be connected?". KHOU. Tegna. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
- Penner, Diana. "Indiana Unsolved: I-70 Killings Left 6 Victims in 3 States". Indianapolis Star.
- Robertson, Campbell. "8 Deaths in a Small Town, and Much Unease". New York Times.
- Brown, Ethan. "Who Killed the Jeff Davis 8?". Medium.[self-published source]
- Petro, Pamela (2002). Sitting Up With the Dead: A Storied Journey Through the American South. New York, New York: Arcade Books. p. 205. ISBN 1-55970-612-0.
- Gallucci, Jaclyn (October 21, 2010). "Lost Girls: When Women Go Missing, Some Matter, Prostitutes Don't". Long Island Press. Archived from the original on August 9, 2012.
- Gallucci, Jaclyn (July 12, 2012). "Girls Disappearing: Behind the Headlines of The Long Island Serial Killer Case". Long Island Press. Archived from the original on August 15, 2012.
- Hannaford, Alex (November 18, 2011). "Who will catch the Long Island Serial Killer?". GQ Magazine.
- Nathaniel Rich (June 2, 2011). "Crunch the Numbers; Solve a Famous Murder". New York Times. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
- Thomas McClung (2017). "The Man from the Train: The Solving of a Century-Old Serial Killer Mystery". New York Journal of Books. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
- "The Man from the Train: The Solving of a Century-Old Serial Killer Mystery − Kirkus Review". Kirkus. 2017. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
- Elizabeth Cook (October 15, 2017). "The Man from the Train: New book says serial ax murderer killed Lyerly family". Salisbury [North Carolina] Post. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
- "Phoenix police: 7 dead in 8 attacks by "serial street shooter"". CBS News. Associated Press. July 13, 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
- Billeaud, Jacques (August 3, 2016). "Police Tie 9th Attack to Phoenix's Serial Killer Case". ABC News. Associated Press. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
- Sun, Lena H.; O'Neill, Tex (9 July 1984). "A Trail of Murder, Rape, Kidnaping". The Washington Post. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- Miller, Cole. "Was Springfield man Neal Falls a serial killer?". koin.com.
- Smith, Carlton (1994). Killing Season: the Unsolved Case of New England's Deadliest Serial Killer. New York: Penguin Group. ISBN 0451405463.
- McIntyre, Tommy (1988). Wolf in Sheep's Clothing: The Search for a Child Killer. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1966-1. OCLC 17731672.
- "The Stargazer killer". everything2.com.
- "Prostitute Serial Killer". unsolved.com. Unsolved Mysteries. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- "Investigators of 10 Killings to Meet". The Pittsburgh Press. 15 March 1991. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
- Newton, Michael (2013). The Texarkana Moonlight Murders: The Unsolved Case of the 1946 Phantom Killer. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-7325-0.
- Breslow, Josh (January 24, 2013). "The Redhead Murders". 18 News. NBC. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
- Robinson, Grant (26 June 2018). "Potential daughter of redheaded Jane Doe visits town where body was found". 10 News NBC. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
- Riley, Mike (2016). Serial Killer X: True Stories of Serial Killers Who Have Never Been Identified. Las Vegas, NV: Maica International LLC. ISBN 9780692648025.
- Levenson, Eric. "What we know about Tampa's alleged serial killer". Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- Galloway, Skip J.R. (2010). The Servant Girl Murders: Austin, Texas 1885. ISBN 1-60910-123-5.
- "Detectives: 40 Drowning Victims May Have Been Murdered by 'Smiley Face Gang". Fox News. April 29, 2008.
- "The mystery of the Texas Killing Fields... And how one man may hold the answer to the 30 young women found murdered there".
- The Associated Press (April 11, 2014). "Skull discovery revives Washington murder mystery". The Seattle Times. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
- "Who Is the West Mesa Bone Collector?".
- Haugen, Brenda (2011). The Zodiac Killer: Terror and Mystery. Mankato, MN: Compass Point Books. ISBN 9780756543570.
- Burkhalter Chmelir, Sandra (2003). "Serial Killers". In Robert Kastenbaum. Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying. 2. New York: Macmillan Reference USA/Thomson/Gale. p. 1. Archived from the original on 2008-09-22.
- Morton, RJ (2005). "Serial murder multi-disciplinary perspectives for investigators" (PDF). Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved 2011-07-16.
- Hollandsworth, Skip (2015). The Midnight Assassin (1st ed.). New York: Henry Holt. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-8050-9767-2.
- Lane, Brian; Gregg, Wilfred (1995) . The Encyclopedia Of Serial Killers. New York City: Berkley Book. ISBN 0-425-15213-8.