List of ships of the line of the Ottoman Empire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of ships of the line (kalyon) of the Ottoman Empire and its vessels in North Africa during the period 1500-1859:

Algiers Province[edit]

  • ? c. 50 - Scuttled in battle 1624
  • ? 46 - Sunk 1665
  • Marygold - Captured by England 1677, wrecked 1679
  • ? - Captured by England as Tiger Prize 1678, scuttled as breakwater 1696
  • ? - Captured by England 1679, renamed Greyhound 42
  • Golden Horse - Captured by England 1681, scuttled 1688
  • Half Moon - Captured by England 1681, burnt 1686
  • Two Lions - Captured by England 1681, sold 1688
  • Star 50 - Captured by Rome 1695
  • Half Moon 40 - Captured by Malta 1713
  • ? 56 - Sank 1714
  • other battleships and/or frigates which took part in battles in 1696, 1791 and 1827

Egypt Province[edit]

  • Mehalet el Kebir class (100-gun):
    • Mahalet-el-Koubra (al-Muhallet al-Kubra) (ex-Mohamed Ali) 100 (1831, Alexandria) - Extant 1849
    • Mansourah (al-Mansurah) (ex-Ibrahim) 96 (1831, Alexandria) - Extant 1849
    • Iskander (Iskandr/al-Iskandariyah) 98 (1832, Alexandria) - Extant 1850
    • Homs (Hims) 100 (1833, Alexandria) - Rachid 1850, extant 1850
    • Koniah (Alep) 100 (1837, Alexandria) - Aleppo, ?extant 1863
    • Fayoum (1838, Alexandria) - ?Extant 1863
    • Benisouef (1838, Alexandria) - ?Extant 1863
  • Misr class (136/138-gun):
    • Masr (Misr/al-Qahirah) 136 (30 Jul 1832, Alexandria) - 102-gun, extant 1850
    • Aké 136 (25 Mar 1833, Alexandria) - 100-gun, extant 1854
  • Beylan class (80-gun):
    • Beylan 86 (1835, Alexandria) - Extant 1864
    • Barecham (1838, Alexandria) - Accidentally burnt before completion 22-5-1838
  • Aboukir (58/72-gun):
    • Aboukir (Abu Qur) (1832, Alexandria) - ?Service ended before 1850
  • Others:
    • Al Qahirah 100 (18??) - ?
    • Sham 100 (18??) - ?

Tripolitania Province[edit]

  • White Crowned Eagle 50 - Captured and sunk by the English, 1676
  • ?* (Half Moon?) 42
  • ?* (Half Moon?) 42
  • ?* (Dragon?) 38
  • Sun* 40
  • Flying Horse* 38
  • ? 56 - Burnt 1709
  • ? 48 - Captured by Malta 1723

Ships marked * are from a 1679 list of the Tripolitan fleet

Tunis Province[edit]

  • ? 40 - Captured by Malta 1628
  • ? 46 - Captured by Malta 1640
  • Rose of Tunis 46 - Captured by Malta 1706, renamed Santa Croce
  • ? 38 - Captured by France 1727, to Tunis 1727

Ottoman Empire[edit]

In 1839, during the war with Egypt, an Ottoman admiral defected and sailed virtually the entire Ottoman fleet to Alexandria where it joined the Egyptian fleet. The Egyptian fleet sailed out to meet it, and there was a chance of a major battle until it was realized they were friendly. The ships were returned in 1840. The ships involved are marked *. Some of the later ships are probably duplicates due to poor transliteration/translation of names:

  • Comte Maurice 50 - Sunk 1609
  • ? 60? - Captured by Naples 1618
  • ? 50 - Sank 1630
  • ? 50
  • ? 46
  • ? 54 - Captured by Malta and sank, 1654
  • Tre Naranceri 40 - Sunk 1662
  • ? 60-70? - Captured by privateers 1669
  • ? 60-70? - Blew up 1669
  • Nachis 70 - Burnt 1686
  • ? (ex-Venetian San Iseppo/San Giuseppe 44, captured 1690) - Possibly captured by Algeria, not Ottoman Empire
  • Beneghem 66 - Captured by Malta 1700
  • ? 58 (ex-Russian Bozhie Predvyedenie, captured 1710)
  • ? 50 (ex-Russian Lastka, captured 1710)
  • ? 48 - Captured by Malta 1732
  • ? (ex-Swedish Sverige 80) - Wrecked during transfer voyage 1738
  • "Corona Ottomana" 70 - Carried by own slaves to Malta 1760, renamed San Salvadore, to France 1760/61, to the Ottoman Empire 1761
  • Real Mustafa 84 - Blew up at the Battle of Chesma, 1770
  • ? 100 - Flagship at the Battle of Chesma, 1770, where it was burnt
  • ? 50 - Burnt at the Battle of Chesma, 1770
  • ? 50 - Burnt at the Battle of Chesma, 1770
  • (11 battleships) - Burnt at the Battle of Chesma, 1770
  • Rodos 60 - Captured by Russia at the Battle of Chesma, 1770, sank 1770
  • ? 66 - Aground and destroyed at Kos, 1770
  • ? 74 - Destroyed Mitylene, 1771
  • ? 74 - Destroyed Mitylene, 1771
  • ? 54/60 - Blew up, 1787
  • ? 66 (ex-Russian Maria Magadalina, captured 1787)
  • ? 64 - Burnt 1788
  • ? 64 - Burnt 1788
  • ? 54 - Aground and captured by Russia 1788 and renamed Leontii Mutchenik 62
  • (5 battleships) 40-60 - Aground and destroyed 1788
  • ? 74 - Burnt and blew up at the Battle of Tendra, 1790
  • Melike Bahri 66 - Captured by Russia at the Battle of Tendra, 1790, renamed Ioann Predtecha
  • ? 64 - Aground and sank 1807
  • Sedd-ül Bahir 84 - Captured by Russia 1807, captured by France 1809
  • Anka-yi bahri 84
  • Taus i bahri 84
  • Tevfik-numa 84
  • Bisharet (or Biafaret?) 84
  • Kilid-i bahri 84
  • Sayyad-i bahri 74
  • Gulbang-i-Nusrat 74
  • Jebel-andaz 74
  • ? - Destroyed by fireship 1821
  • Mansur el liwa 84 - Destroyed by fireship 1822
  • ? - Destroyed by fireship 1822
  • Ghyu h Rewan 84 - Flagship at the Battle of Navarino, 1827, where it was damaged
  • Fatih Bahri 74 - Sunk at the Battle of Navarino, 1827
  • Ainduie 74
  • Bekberi-kufret 74
  • Faouish* 100
  • Fivrie 74
  • Nizâmiye 72
  • Raousierie* 100

Ottoman ships of the line, 1839[edit]

Name Built Number of guns Note
Mukkademe-i Hayir 1806 74
Selimiye 1809 128
Necm-i Şevket 1815 80
Burc-ı Zafer 1815 74
Hıfz-ı Rahmân 1826 64
Fethiye 1827 96
Mahmudiye 1829 128
Memdûhiye 1833 96
Teşrifiye 1834 96
Teşvikiye 1834 96
Nusretiye 1835 64
Tevfikiye 1836 64
Şadiye 1836 64
Fethiye 1836 96

Sources[edit]

  • İsmail Hami Danişmend, İzahlı Osmanlı Tarihi Kronolojisi, 4. Cilt, Türkiye Yayınevi, p. 148.
  • Candan Badem, The Ottoman Crimean War (1853-1856), Brill, 2010, p. 117.