List of shipwrecks in 1785

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The List of shipwrecks in 1785 includes some ship sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost during 1785.


table of contents
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Jan Feb Mar Apr
May Jun Jul Aug
Sep Oct Nov Dec
Unknown date
References

January[edit]

2 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 January 1785
Ship Country Description
Thomas and Betsey  Great Britain The ship was lost near Majorca, Spain with the loss of a crew member. She was on a voyage from Newfoundland, British America to Livorno, Grand Duchy of Tuscany.[1]

5 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 January 1785
Ship Country Description
Juffrow Anna Louisa  Prussia The ship was driven ashore and wrecked on the south coast of the Isle of Wight., Great Britain. She was on a voyage from St. Ubes, Portugal to Pirna.[2]
Sally  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Mountbatten, Devon. She was on a voyage from Yarmouth, Isle of Wight to Dublin, Ireland.[3]

7 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 January 1785
Ship Country Description
General Elliot  Great Britain The ship, which had been damaged in a gale on 1 January, was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean. Her crew were rescued by Grantham ( Great Britain). General Elliot was on a voyage from Newfoundland, British America to Oporto, Portugal.[4]

8 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 January 1785
Ship Country Description
Woohlfaart POL Szczecin flag.svg Stettin The ship was driven ashore on the south coast of the Isle of Wight, Great Britain. She was on a voyage from Lisbon, Portugal to Amsterdam, Dutch Republic.[5]

16 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 16 January 1785
Ship Country Description
Nostra Señora Del Carmen St. Blaise - National Flag of the Ragusan Republic.png Republic of Ragusa The polacre was wrecked on the Diamond Rock, off Lisbon, Portugal. She was on a voyage from Alicante, Spain to Lisbon.[6]

21 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 January 1785
Ship Country Description
Union  Great Britain The ship was wrecked in the Atlantic Ocean (36°44′N 40°00′W / 36.733°N 40.000°W / 36.733; -40.000). Four survivors were rescued by Canefeild ( Great Britain). Union was on a voyage from Lisbon, Portugal to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.[7]

31 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 January 1785
Ship Country Description
Apollo  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and severely damaged at Whitby, Yorkshire.[8]
Charlotte  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked near Great Yarmouth, Norfolk. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Blyth, Northumberland to London.[9]
Mary  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked near Great Yarmouth. She was on a voyage from Leith, Lothian to London.[9]
Providence  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Great Yarmouth. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Hull, Yorkshire to London.[9]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1785
Ship Country Description
Amelia  Great Britain The ship was wrecked off Villa Viciosa, Spain.[10]
Aurora  Great Britain The ship struck rocks off the Isles of Scilly and consequently foundered in St. Helen's Gap. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to London.[11]
Austin  Great Britain The ship was wrecked at Holyhead, Anglesey. She was on a voyage from Lisbon, Portugal to Liverpool.[10]
Betsy  Great Britain The ship ran aground at Aveiro, Portugal and was severely damaged. She was on a voyage from Newfoundland, British America to Aveiro.[12]
Concord  Great Britain The ship was sunk by ice in the Delaware River, United States.[6]
Flora  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked on Sanday, Orkney Islands. She was on a voyage from Narva, Russia to London.[10]
Fortune  Great Britain The ship capsized in the North Sea. She was on a voyage from Oporto, Portugal to Aberdeen. Fortune was towed in to Harwich, Essex still on her side and crewless.[5]
Hector  Great Britain The ship was lost at Lisbon. She was on a voyage from Newfoundland to Lisbon.[13]
Nelly  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Holyhead. She was on a voyage from Jamaica to Liverpool.[10]
Stokestown  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on Flat Holm, in the Bristol Channel. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Bristol, Gloucestershire to Waterford, Ireland.[14]
Venturoso  Spain The ship was driven ashore at Newport, Great Britain. She was on a voyage from Bilboa to Ostend, Dutch Republic.[11]
Venus  Great Britain The ship was lost whilst on a voyage from Seville, Spain to Bruges, Dutch Republic.[15]

February[edit]

9 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 February 1785
Ship Country Description
Alexander  Great Britain The ship was lost at Whitby, Yorkshire. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland to Whitby.[16]
Endeavour  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Whitby. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne to Whitby. Endeavour was later refloated.[16]

15 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 February 1785
Ship Country Description
Longsplice  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Seaford, Sussex by HMS Echo and HMS Wasp (both Kingdom of Great Britain Royal Navy) whilst engaged in smuggling. She was refloated and taken in to Dover, Kent by HMS Wasp.[17]

17 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 February 1785
Ship Country Description
Ocean  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore near Scarborough, Yorkshire. She was later refloated and taken in to Scarborough.[18][19]

21 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 February 1785
Ship Country Description
Donets  Imperial Russian Navy The galiot was beached near Yalata. Her crew survived. She was on a voyage from Kertch to Sevastopol. She broke up the next day.[20]

24 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 February 1785
Ship Country Description
Tabitha Flag of Bremen.svg Bremen The ship was wrecked near Cape Henry, Virginia, United States with some loss of life. She was on a voyage from Bremen to Baltimore, Maryland, United States.[21]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1785
Ship Country Description
Abby  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and severely damaged at Dublin, Ireland. She was on a voyage from New York, United States to Liverpool, Lancashire.[18]
Adventure  Great Britain The ship was lost at L'Orient, France. She was on a voyage from Cádiz, Spain to London.[18]
Glatney  Great Britain The ship was lost at Guernsey, Channel Islands. She was on a voyage from London to Guernsey.[16]
Glory  Great Britain The ship was lost near Plymouth, Devon.[1]
Isabella & Ann  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Fisherrow, Lothian. She was on a voyage from Leith, Lothian to Hull, Yorkshire.[22]
Jenny  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Loch Indaal. She was on a voyage from the United States to Liverpool.[22]
Jenny  Ireland The ship was wrecked on the Isle of Man. She was on a voyage from an Irish port to Oporto, Portugal.[19]
John & Betty  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean. Her crew were rescued by a Venetian ship. She was on a voyage from Lisbon, Portugal to Bristol, Gloucestershire.[23]
Merchant  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on the Atherfield Ledge, Isle of Wight. She was on a voyage from Virginia, United States to London.[8]
Nossa Senhora da luz  Portugal The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Madeira. Her crew were rescued.[23]
Polly  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Loch Indaal. She was on a voyage from Virginia to Liverpool.[22]
Tannen Baum  Prussia The ship was wrecked on the Cockle Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of Norfolk, Great Britain with the loss of all hands. She was on a voyage from Königsberg to Leith, Lothian, Great Britain.[24]
Three Friends  United States The ship was driven ashore on São Miguel Island, Azores. She was on a voyage from New York to São Miguel.[22]
Woolton  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in Barnstaple Bay. She was on a voyage from Liverpool to London.[16]

March[edit]

15 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 March 1785
Ship Country Description
Industry  France The ship foundered during a voyage from Catalonia, Spain to Calais. Her crew were rescued by an English vessel.[25][26]

17 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 March 1785
Ship Country Description
Les Amies  France The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Gibraltar. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Marseille to L'Orient.[26]
St. Antonio de Padua  Spain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Gibraltar. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Vinaròs to Cádiz.[26]
St. Francisco de Asis  Spain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Gibraltar. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Málaga to Cádiz.[26]
Vreihend Flagge der Hansestadt Lübeck.svg Lübeck The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Gibraltar. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Cette, France to Lübeck.[26]

29 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 March 1785
Ship Country Description
Friends  Great Britain The ship was destroyed by fire at St. Ubes, Portugal. She was on a voyage from Livorno, Grand Duchy of Tuscany to London.[27]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1785
Ship Country Description
Isabella  Great Britain The ship was lost whilst on a voyage from Cowes, Isle of Wight to Belfast, County Antrim, Ireland.[28]
John and Henry  Great Britain The ship was lost near Oporto, Portugal with the loss of all but two of her crew. She was on a voyage from Oporto to Plymouth, Devon.[29]
Jonge Gesina  Dutch Republic The ship was wrecked on the Goodwin Sands, Kent, Great Britain. She was on a voyage from Nantz, France to Bruges.[30]
Joss  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on the coast of Ireland. She was on a voyage from Scotland to Nantz.[31]
Mary  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on the coast of Ireland. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Bristol, Gloucestershire to Limerick, Ireland.[32]
Robert and Ann  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on the Goodwin Sands with the loss of all hands. She was on a voyage from Oporto to London.[30]
Triton  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean off Fayal, Azores.[30]

April[edit]

1 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 April 1785
Ship Country Description
Peggy and Betsey  Great Britain The ship was destroyed by fire at Lossiemouth, Morayshire.[33]

10 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 April 1785
Ship Country Description
Hinchinbrooke Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg British East India Company The East Indiaman was lost in the Bengal River, India. Her crew were rescued.[34][35]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1785
Ship Country Description
Ann and James  Great Britain The ship sank at Gibraltar.[36]
Maria Luisa  Prussia The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Skagen, Denmark. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire, Great Britain to Memel.[37]
Three Brothers  Ireland The ship was wrecked on Islay. She was on a voyage from Belfast, County Antrim to Norway.[38]
Watson  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked on the coast of Jutland. She was on a voyage from Hull, Yorkshire to Dantzick.[39]
William and Mary  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Chapman Head, Kent, in the Thames Estuary. She was on a voyage from Hamburg to London.[40]

May[edit]

4 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 May 1785
Ship Country Description
Brederode Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svg Dutch East India Company The East Indiaman was lost near Cape Agulhas, Africa with the loss of twelve of her 92 crew. She was on a voyage from China to Amsterdam.[41][42]

24 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 May 1785
Ship Country Description
Iasi  Imperial Russian Navy The transport ship was driven ashore and wrecked with the loss of seven of the seventeen people on board. She was on a voyage from Yenikale to Taganrog.[20]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date in May 1785
Ship Country Description
Amiable Rose  France The ship was lost at Dunkerque. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Martinico to Dunkerque.[43]
Hope  Great Britain The ship lost on the coast of Calabria. She was on a voyage from Livorno, Grand Duchy of Tuscany to Gallipoly, Ottoman Empire and Saint Petersburg, Russia.[44]
Jenny  Great Britain The ship was sunk by ice at Memel, Prussia.[45]
La Charlotte  France The ship was wrecked on the coast of Spain. She was on a voyage from Dunkerque to Genoa and Livorno.[46]

June[edit]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1785
Ship Country Description
Marine  Great Britain The ship was lost near Mount's Bay. She was on a voyage from Dartmouth, Devon to Waterford, Ireland and Newfoundland, British America.[47]

July[edit]

3 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 July 1785
Ship Country Description
Constantia  Portugal The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at "Kingkiobing" with the loss of eight of her crew. She was on a voyage from St. Ubes, Portugal to Riga, Russia.[48]

8 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 July 1785
Ship Country Description
Esther  Great Britain The ship ran aground in the Humber and was wrecked. She was on a voyage from Hull, Yorkshire to Whitby, Yorkshire.[49]

9 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 July 1785
Ship Country Description
Patuxant or Potomack  Great Britain The ship foundered whilst on a voyage from Virginia, United States to London. Her crew were rescued by a French brig and a Dutch ship. Thos on board the French vessel were transferred to Hampshire ( Great Britain).[50][51]

23 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 July 1785
Ship Country Description
Copernicus  Denmark The ship ran aground in the Swin. She was on a voyage from Saint Croix to Copenhagen.[48]

30 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 July 1785
Ship Country Description
Golden Angle  Dutch Republic The ship sank at anchor off Ostend. She was on a voyage from Dunkerque, France to Vlissingen.[48]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1785
Ship Country Description
Bons Amis  France The ship was lost near Genoa. She was on a voyage from Dunkerque to Genoa and Livorno, Grand Duchy of Tuscany.[52]
Charming Nancy  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on "Ivica". She was on a voyage from Dunkerque to Livorno.[52]
Charming Sally  Great Britain The ship was lost near Formby, Lancashire. She was on a voyage from London to Liverpool, Lancashire.[53]
Empress  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore on Hiiumaa, Russia. She was on a voyage from Saint Petersburg, Russia to Hull, Yorkshire.[48][54]
Samuel  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Liverpool. She was on a voyage from Antigua to Liverpool.[55]
St. Cuthbert  Great Britain The ship was lost in the Saint Lawrence River. She was on a voyage from Quebec, British America to the West Indies.[56]
Swarte Orn Sweden Swedish East India Company The East Indiaman was driven ashore near Landskrona. She was on a voyage from Amsterdam, Dutch Republic to Stockholm.[51]

August[edit]

25 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 August 1785
Ship Country Description
Cornwallis  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in Neava Bay, Hispaniola during a hurricane and was wrecked. Her crew were rescued.[57] She was on a voyage from Antigua to Puerto Rico.[58]
Henrick POL Szczecin flag.svg Stettin The ship was driven ashore on Anholt, Denmark. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Stettin to Havre de Grâce, France.[41]

26 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 August 1785
Ship Country Description
Adventure  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Alexander  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Amity's Production  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Constantine  Great Britain The ship was wrecked in a hurricane at Thatch Island, Virgin Islands. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Dominica to Bristol, Gloucestershire.[61][62]
Dispatch  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica. She was later refloated undamaged.[59][60][63]
Endeavour  Great Britain The ship was lost in a hurricane at Castle Fort, Jamaica.[59][60]
Fame  Great Britain Captain Moyes's ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Fame  Great Britain Captain Roblin's ship was wrecked in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Favourite  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
General Campbell  Great Britain The ship was wrecked in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Henry  Great Britain The ship was wrecked in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Holland  Great Britain Caprain Erman's ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Holland  Great Britain Captain Howes's ship was lost in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Hope  Great Britain The ship was wrecked in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Hornet  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Industry  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked in a hurricane at Bull Bay, Jamaica.[59][60]
Jamaica  Great Britain The ship was lost in a hurricane at Annato Bay, Jamaica.[59][60]
John and Ann  Great Britain The ship was lost in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Mary Ann  Great Britain The ship was lost in a hurricane at Annato Bay.[59][60]
Minerva  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Molly  Great Britain The Guineaman was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Neptune  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Philadelphia  United States The ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Rover  Great Britain The ship was wrecked in a hurricane at Bush Quay, Jamaica.[59][60]
Sally  Great Britain Captain Patterson's ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Sally  Great Britain Captain Reid's ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Savile  Great Britain The ship was lost in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Success  Great Britain The ship was wrecked in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Swallow  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Port Maria, Jamaica.[59][60]
Swallow Packet  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Swift  Great Britain The ship sank in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]
Triton  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica. She was later refloated undamaged.[59][60][64]
Washington  United States The ship was driven ashore in a hurricane at Jamaica.[59][60]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1785
Ship Country Description
Adventure  Great Britain The ship caught fire whilst on a voyage from St. Ubes, Portugal to London. She returned to St. Ubes but was destroyed.[52]
Barbara Maria  Denmark The ship sprang a leak and was abandoned in the Baltic Sea. She was found by some Swedish fishermen and beached at Marstrand, Sweden. Barbara Maria was on a voyage from Dantzick to Barcelona, Spain.[41]
Betsey and Polly  Great Britain The ship sailed from a port in Georgia, United States for London. No further trace, presumed foundered in the Atlantic Ocean with the loss of all hands.[65]
Jeune Dragon  France) The ship was driven ashore and wrecked on the Isle of Wight, Great Britain. She was on a voyage from Honfleur to Morlaix.[66]
Leverpool  Great Britain The ship was run down and sunk in the Bristol Channel off Worms Head, Glamorgan with the loss of five of her crew. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Bristol, Gloucestershire.[67][68]
Standlinch  Great Britain The ship was destroyed by fire in the River Thames. She was on a voyage from Jamaica to London.[66]

September[edit]

1 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 September 1785
Ship Country Description
Faithful Steward  Ireland While on a voyage from Londonderry, Ireland, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with 249 passengers and a crew of 13 aboard, the ship ran aground in the Atlantic Ocean about 100 yards (91 meters) off the coast of Delaware near the Indian River Inlet, about 4 leagues (12 nautical miles; 22 km) south of Cape Henlopen, during a intense squall. The ship broke up on 2 September with the loss of around 200 lives, including 181 passengers. Fewer than 70 people survived.[69][70]

4 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 September 1785
Ship Country Description
Robert  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked in Stokes Bay. She was on a voyage from Antigua to London.[71][72]
Rosalie  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean 100 leagues (300 nautical miles (560 km)) west of the Isles of Scilly. Her crew were rescued by London ( Great Britain). Rosalie was on a voyage from Newfoundland, British America to Granville, France.[73]

6 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 September 1785
Ship Country Description
Dorothea Charlotta Flagge der Hansestadt Lübeck.svg Lübeck The ship was wrecked on the south coast of the Isle of Wight, Great Britain. She was on a voyage from Lübeck to Bourdeaux, France.[72]

22 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 September 1785
Ship Country Description
Amelia  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean 70 leagues (210 nautical miles (390 km)) west of The Lizard, Cornwall. Her crew were rescued by Batchelor ( Great Britain). Amelia was on a voyage from St. Ubes, Portugal to Elsinore, Denmark.[74]

24 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 September 1785
Ship Country Description
Hope  Great Britain The ship foundered in the North Sea off Aldeburgh, Suffolk. She was on a voyage from Riga, Russia to London.[74]

27 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 September 1785
Ship Country Description
Elizabeth  Sweden The ship was driven ashore at Varberg. She was on a voyage from Stockholm to Málaga, Spain.[35][62]
Prince of Wales  Great Britain The ship foundered in the North Sea 15 leagues (45 nautical miles (83 km)) west north west of Orfordness, Suffolk. All on board were rescued by a Swedish vessel. She was on a voyage from Rotterdam, Dutch Republic to London.[75][76]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1785
Ship Country Description
Alexander  Great Britain The ship foundered off the coast of Norway. Her crew were rescued by Ottrington and Prospect (both  Great Britain). Alexander was on a voyage from Hull, Yorkshire to a Baltic port.[77]
Bella Rachel  Dutch Republic The ship was driven ashore near Blankenberge, Dutch Republic. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Smyrna to Ostend, Dutch Republic.[41]
Christian  Great Britain The ship was destroyed by fire at Memel, Prussia.[78]
Columbus  Great Britain The ship was lost near Pillau, Prussia. She was on a voyage from Narva, Russia to Liverpool, Lancashire.[79]
Constantine  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore near Cronstadt, Russia. She was on a voyage from Bourdeaux, France to Saint Petersburg, Russia.[73]
Constant Trader  Great Britain The ship struck a rock and foundered in the Gulf of Finland. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Bourdeaux to Saint Petersburg.[79][80]
Fame  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in The Burlings, Spain. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Naples, Kingdom of Sicily.[72] Fame was later refloated and resumed her voyage.[73]
Fame  Great Britain The ship was lost near Red Wharf Bay, Anglesey with the loss of all hands. She was on a voyage from Liverpool to Dublin, Ireland.[76]
Fortune  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Ramsgate, Kent. She was on a voyage from London to Ostend, Dutch Republic and Rouen, France. Fortune was later refloated and taken in to Broadstairs, Kent.[41][72]
Gainford  Great Britain The ship was lost south of Cronstadt. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland to Saint Petersburg.[78]
Hazard  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Ramsgate. She was on a voyage from London to Africa.[72]
Hope  Great Britain The transport ship was driven out of New Providence, New Jersey, United States. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all hands.[81]
Neptune  Great Britain The ship ran aground of the Shaw Reef, in the Baltic Sea. She was on a voyage from .[77]
Nesbit  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked in the River Thames at Greenwich, Kent. She was on a voyage from Grenada to London.[72]
Stralsund  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on the Goodwin Sands, Kent with the loss of seven of her nine crew. She was on a voyage from Dublin to Stockholm.[71]

October[edit]

15 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 October 1785
Ship Country Description
Le Ferm  France The ship was struck by lightning and foundered in the Atlantic Ocean with the loss of seven of the 38 passengers and crew on board.[82]

20 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 October 1785
Ship Country Description
Den Vlieger  Dutch Republic The ship foundered in the North Sea off Ostend. She was on a voyage from Rotterdam to London, Great Britain.[83]
Stadt Aurick  Dutch Republic The ship foundered in the North Sea off Ostend. She was on a voyage from Middelburg to London.[83]

24 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 October 1785
Ship Country Description
Sally  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at New Providence, Bahamas.[84]

26 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 October 1785
Ship Country Description
Sea Venture  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore on Læsø, Denmark. She was refloated but was driven ashore a second time and wrecked. Her crew were rescued. Sea Venture was on a voyage from Saint Petersburg, Russia to London.[63]

27 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 October 1785
Ship Country Description
Mayflower  Great Britain The ship foundered in the North Sea off the Dudgeon Lightship ( Great Britain). Her crew were rescued.[85][86]

28 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 October 1785
Ship Country Description
Fanny  Great Britain The ship struck the Marsden Rock and sank at Marsden, County Durham with the loss of a crew member.[87]

31 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 October 1785
Ship Country Description
True Anna Svensk flagg 1815.svg Swedish Pomerania The ship foundered in the Baltic Sea 12 leagues west of "Roeshead". Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Wolgast to Stettin.[63]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1785
Ship Country Description
Active  Great Britain The ship was lost near "Ballentoy". She was on a voyage from Memel, Prussia to Lancaster, Lancashire.[35]
Britannia  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore near Pillau, Prussia. Four survivors were rescued. She was on a voyage from Dantzick to London.[62][88]
Dover Trader  Great Britain The ship was lost near "Pernam, Serkholm". She was on a voyage from Riga, Russia to London.[35]
Elizabeth  Great Britain The ship was lost on Terschelling, Dutch Republic. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Saint Petersburg, Russia to Bristol, Gloucestershire.[87]
Flora  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked on the coast of Jutland. She was on a voyage from London to Gothenburg, Sweden.[89]
General Carlton  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Baltic Sea with the loss of all but three of her crew. She was on a voyage from Stockholm, Sweden to London.[88]
George  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on the Île de Ré, France. She was on a voyage from Chester, Cheshire to Rochefort, France.[62]
Heart of Oak  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore on Texel, Dutch Republic. She was on a voyage from Amsterdam to Norway.[89]
John & Joseph  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Baltic Sea off Gotland, Sweden. She was on a voyage from Saint Petersburg, Russia to Liverpool, Lancashire.[88]
Le Firme  France The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean. Her crew were rescued on 18 October by Commerce ( Great Britain).[90]
London  Great Britain The ship was lost near Gothenburg, Sweden. She was on a voyage from Stockholm to London.[88]
Prince William Henry  Great Britain The ship ran aground in the River Nith and was wrecked. She was on a voyage from Saint Petersburg to Dumfries.[83]
Providence  Great Britain The ship foundered in the North Sea off the Dutch coast. Her crew were rescued.[85][91]
Publica Fides  Sweden The ship was lost whilst on a voyage from Stockholm to Dublin, Ireland.[87]

November[edit]

4 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 November 1785
Ship Country Description
Union  France The ship was destroyed by fire at Baltimore, Maryland, United States. She was on a voyage from Port-au-Prince, Saint-Domingue to Bourdeaux.[92]

5 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 November 1785
Ship Country Description
Elizabeth  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Varberg, Sweden. She was on a voyage from Hull, Yorkshire to Elsinore, Denmark and Libava, Duchy of Courland and Semigallia.[86]
Hope  Great Britain The ship was wrecked at Varberg. She was on a voyage from Memel, Prussia to Kirkcaldy.[86][93]
Jong Rudolph  Dutch Republic The ship was wrecked at Varberg. She was on a voyage from Memel to Delfzijl.[86][93]
Little Bair Denmark Norway The ship was wrecked at Varberg.[93] She was on a voyage from Königsberg, Prussia to Bergen, Norway
Prince Carle  Sweden The ship was wrecked at Varberg. She was on a voyage from Stockholm to Dublin, Ireland.[86][93]
Sophia Magdalena  Sweden The ship was wrecked at Varberg. She was on a voyage from Karlshamn to Livorno, Grand Duchy of Tuscany.[86][93]
Speculation  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Varberg. She was on a voyage from Königsberg to Drøbak, Norway.[86]
Thesmar  Sweden The brig was wrecked at Varberg.[93]

24 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 November 1785
Ship Country Description
Joyce  Great Britain The ship departed from Newfoundland, British America. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all hands.[94]
Peggy  Ireland The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean (32°25′N 63°37′W / 32.417°N 63.617°W / 32.417; -63.617). Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Waterford to New York, United States.[81]

27 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 November 1785
Ship Country Description
James  United States The full-rigged ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean (27°10′N 68°40′W / 27.167°N 68.667°W / 27.167; -68.667). Her crew were rescued by the schooner James ( Great Britain).[95]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1785
Ship Country Description
Aurora  Great Britain The ship struck a rock and sank in Cádiz Bay. She was on a voyage from Sicily to Cádiz, Spain.[96]
Batchelor  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on the West Hoyle Bank, in Liverpool Bay. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Jamaica.[86]
Ceres  Great Britain The ship was lost near Boulogne, France. She was on a voyage from Boston to London.[97]
Felix  Russia The ship was driven ashore on the Norwegian coast. She was on a voyage from Saint Petersburg to Cádiz.[98]
Fortune  Great Britain The ship foundered off Wingo. Her crew were rescued.[86][93]
Fortune  Great Britain The ship was lost on the coast of France. She was on a voyage from Oporto, Portugal to London.[69]
Friends  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore near Faro, Portugal whilst evading an Algerine cruiser. She was on a voyage from New York, United States to Cádiz.[58]
Hope  Great Britain The ship was wrecked at Heligoland. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Dantzick to London.[93][99]
Jane  Great Britain The ship was lost near Gotland, Sweden.[63]
John & Betty  Great Britain The ship was wrecked in Dunfanahy Bay, County Donegal, Ireland. She was on a voyage from Leith, Lothian to Dublin, Ireland.[58]
Mary  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore on the coast of Lincolnshire. She was on a voyage from London to Leith.[64][97]
Mercury  Great Britain The ship was lost about 4 nautical miles (7.4 km) from Memel, Prussia. She was on a voyage from Stettin to Memel.[63]
Nancy  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Penzance, Cornwall. She was on a voyage from the Musquito Shore to London.[96]
Polly  Great Britain The ship foundered off Oporto, Portugal. She was on a voyage from Newfoundland, British America to Figueira da Foz, Portugal.[58]
Sandwich  Great Britain The ship was lost in Barnstaple Bay. She was on a voyage from Swansey, Glamorgan to Oporto.[96]
Sisters  Great Britain The ship foundered off the Norwegian coast with the loss of her captain.[93] She was on a voyage from Glasgow, Renfrewshire to Hamburg.[69]
William Henry  Ireland The ship was driven ashore at Kinsale, County Cork. She was on a voyage from Cork to Venice.[86]

December[edit]

4 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 December 1785
Ship Country Description
Charming Molly  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean. Her ten crew were rescued three days later by the brig Basil ( Great Britain).[100]

6 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 December 1785
Ship Country Description
Elizabeth  Great Britain The ship ran aground on the Lap Sand, off Elsinore, Denmark.[101] She was refloated on 17 December.[84]
Montagu Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg British East India Company The East Indiaman was destroyed by an explosion at Diamond Point, Bengal, India.[34]

7 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 December 1785
Ship Country Description
Harmony  Great Britain The ship was run down and sunk in the River Thames by a collier. She was on a voyage from Hull, Yorkshire to London.[102]

9 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 December 1785
Ship Country Description
Hawke  Great Britain The ship was lost near St. Ives, Cornwall with some loss of life. She was on a voyage from Falmouth, Cornwall to Bristol, Gloucestershire.[49]

14 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 December 1785
Ship Country Description
Peggy  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and severely damaged at Youghal, County Cork, Ireland. She was on a voyage from Virginia, United States to Whitehaven, Cumberland.[103]

15 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 December 1785
Ship Country Description
Reserve  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on the Wicklow Bank, in the Irish Sea. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Waterford, Ireland to Whitehaven, Cumberland.[104]

22 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 December 1785
Ship Country Description
Providence  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Devil's Point, Devon. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Plymouth, Devon.[65]

26 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 December 1785
Ship Country Description
George  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on the Sand Hale, in the Humber. She was on a voyage from King's Lynn, Norfolk to Faro, Portugal.[105]
Sans Souce Gdansk flag.svg Dantzick The ship was wrecked on Anholt, Denmark. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire, Great Britain to Dantzick.[106]

28 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 December 1785
Ship Country Description
Hubbert  Great Britain The ship was lost near Huelva, Spain. There were seven survivors She was on a voyage from London to Cádiz, Spain.[107]
St. Anna St. Christo  Portugal The ship was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean. Her crew were rescued by Mercury ( Great Britain). St. Anna St. Christo was on a voyage from Brazil to Lisbon.[108]
Tom  Great Britain The ship was lost at Aveiro, Portugal. She was on a voyage from Newfoundland, British America to Figueira da Foz, Portugal.[81]
Warrior  Great Britain The ship was wrecked in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from St. John's Island, British America to Cádiz.[108]

31 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 December 1785
Ship Country Description
Biddy  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland and was wrecked.[109]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1785
Ship Country Description
Adventure  Great Britain The ship was lost near Waterford, Ireland with the loss of a crew member.[101]
Esperança  Portugal The ship was lost 3 nautical miles (5.6 km) from Calais, France/ She was on a voyage from Saint Petersburg, Russia to Lisbon.[110]
Fortitude  Great Britain The ship was lost near Lofthouse, Yorkshire. She was on a voyage from Leith, Lothian to Hull, Yorkshire.[98]
Fortune  Great Britain The ship foundered in the North Sea. She was on a voyage from Gothenburg, Sweden to London.[65]
Friends Advance  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Great Yarmouth, Norfolk. She was on a voyage from Saint Petersburg to Bilboa, Spain.[111]
Generous Friends  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore near Orfordness, Suffolk. She was on a voyage from Ostend, Dutch Republic to North Shields, County Durham.[111]
Harriot  Great Britain The ship foundered in the English Channel 3 nautical miles (5.6 km) off Calais. Her crew were rescued.[112]
Industry  Great Britain The brig foundered in the Irish Sea off Galloway with the loss of eight lives.[109]
Jenny  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Woodside, Cheshire.[101]
John & Mary  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore near North Shields. She was on a voyage from Gothenburg to London.[113] John & Mary was refloated and taken in to North Shields.[111]
Jonge Catharina  Dutch Republic The ship was lost whilst on a voyage from Havre de Grâce, France to Rotterdam.[113]
Lady's Adventure  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore crewless at Ventava, Duchy of Courland and Semigallia. She was on a voyage from "Wyburg" to Liverpool, Lancashire.[113]
Magdalena  Great Britain The ship departed from a port in Norway. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all hands. Magdalena was on a voyage from Saint Petersbury to L'Orient, France.[114]
Morning Star  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Great Yarmouth. She was later refloated and taken in to that port.[101]
Polly  Great Britain The ship was wrecked in the North Sea off Dunbar, Lothian.[115]
Pro Patria  Sweden The ship was wrecked on the Lemon Bank. She was on a voyage from Stockholm to London.[111]
Providence  Great Britain The ship was destroyed by fire in the Hamoaze.[105]
Resolution  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore at Great Yarmouth. She was on a voyage from Copenhagen, Denmark to Ostend. Resolution was later refloated and taken in to Great Yarmouth.[101][111]
Sara Adelgunda Gdansk flag.svg Dantzick The ship was lost near Calais. She was on a voyage from Dantzick to Plymouth, Devon, Great Britain.[110]
Struan  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on the Middle Ground, in the North Sea off the coast of Essex. She was on a voyage from Banff, Aberdeenshire to London.[105]
Tom  Great Britain The ship was wrecked near Dungeness. Kent. She was on a voyage from Jamaica to London.[105]
True Briton  Great Britain The ship was lost on the Sand Hammer, off the coast of Sweden with the loss of three of her crew. She was on a voyage from Dantzick to Lisbon, Portugal.[101]
Vrienden Wensh  Dutch Republic The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Great Yarmouth.[101]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1785
Ship Country Description
Alexander  Great Britain The ship foundered off the coast of Norway. Her crew were rescued.[80]
Ally  Great Britain African slave trade: The ship capsized at New Calabar with 139 slaves on board.[116]
Apollo  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on Glover's Reef, in the Bay of Honduras. She was on a voyage from British Honduras to London.[47]
Assistance  Great Britain The ship was lost in the Black River, Jamaica. She was on a voyage from the Musquito Shore to London.[107]
Beaver  Great Britain The whaler foundered off Greenland. Her crew were rescued.[117][118]
Betsey  Great Britain The ship was lost on Barbuda. She was on a voyage from Charleston, South Carolina, United States to Savannah, Georgia, and Barbadoes.[38]
Betsey  United States The ship was lost at Saint Kitts. She was on a voyage from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Saint Kitts.[88]
Cato  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean. She was on a voyage from the West Indies to Virginia, United States.[30]
Coleman  Great Britain The ship was lost at Newfoundland, British America.[119]
Dart  Great Britain African slave trade: The ship capsized in a squall south of Cayenne, French Guiana. She was carrying 140 slaves, but only five crew survived. She was on a voyage from Africa to the West Indies.[78]
Dispatch  Great Britain The ship was lost at George Town, South Carolina, United States. She was bound for London.[120]
Dolphin  Great Britain The ship foundered off the coast of Loango, Africa.[68]
Fame  Great Britain The ship was lost on the coast of Africa.[78]
Fanny  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean. Her crew were rescued and landed at Boston, Massachusetts, United States.[121] She was on a voyage from Charleston to Liverpool, Lancashire.[122]
Fanny  Great Britain The ship foundered whilst on a voyage from Boston, Massachusetts to the West Indies. Her crew were rescued by Kitty ( Great Britain)[123]
Friendly Adventure  Great Britain The ship was lost on the Bahama Banks. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Jamaica to London.[36]
Friendly Adventure  Great Britain The whaler foundered off Greenland. Her crew were rescued.[117][118]
Friendship  Ireland The ship was lost at Havana, Cuba. She was on a voyage from Jamaica to Dublin.[119]
George  Great Britain The ship was lost whilst on a voyage from Ostend, Dutch Republic to Virginia.[115]
Gibson  Great Britain The whaler was lost off the coast of Brazil with some loss of life.[88]
Good-Intent  Great Britain African slave trade The ship was plundered by her slaves at "Goboon" and was then burnt. Her captain was the only survivor.[124]
Good-Intent  Great Britain The ship was lost at Newfoundland.[87]
Grange  Great Britain The ship was wrecked at Cape Charles, Virginia. She was on a voyage from the Clyde to Virginia.[47]
Henry  Great Britain The ship was lost at Newfoundland.[87]
Hero  Great Britain The ship was driven ashore in the James River, Virginia. She was on a voyage from Virginia to London.[64]
Honduras  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean (48°30′N 26°0′W / 48.500°N 26.000°W / 48.500; -26.000). Her crew were rescued by the brig Jenny ( Great Britain).[25]
Hope  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean. She was on a voyage from Antigua to Virginia.[102]
Jesmond  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on the coast of Virginia.[64]
John  Great Britain The ship ran aground off John's Point, Jamaica and was wrecked. She was on a voyage from Jamaica to Bristol, Gloucestershire.[68]
Kelly  Great Britain The ship foundered off Greenland. Her crew were rescued.[117]
Kingston  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean off Bermuda. She was on a voyage from North Carolina, United States to Jamaica.[81]
Lion  Great Britain The whaler foundered off Greenland.[117][118]
Lord Charlemont  Ireland The ship sank in the Nanticoke River, Maryland, United States. She was on a voyage from Dublin to Maryland.[64]
Lord Middleton  Great Britain The ship was lost at St. John's, Newfoundland. She was on a voyage from London to Halifax, Nova Scotia.[125]
Marquis de Castries  France The ship was lost in the Caicos Islands. She was on a voyage from Cap François, Saint-Domingue to Bourdeaux.[126]
Nostra Señora del Rosario  Spain The ship foundered off New York, United States.[50] She was on a voyage from Tenerife, Canary Islands to New York.[51]
Peggy  Great Britain The ship was lost whilst on a voyage from Halifax to Par Town, New Brunswick, British America.[47]
Polly  Great Britain The ship was destroyed by fire at Savannah, Georgia. She was on a voyage from Savannah to London.[127]
Port Maria  Great Britain The ship was wrecked on the Jardines. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Jamaica to London.[43]
President  Great Britain The ship was lost between Cape Breton Island and St. John's Island, British America.[105]
Prince of Wales  Great Britain The ship was lost whilst on a voyage from Halifax to Shelburne, Nova Scotia.[115]
Providence  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean. Her crew were rescued by Little Joe( Great Britain). Providence was on a voyage from Charleston to London.[40]
Quebec  Great Britain The ship was lost on "Bannaco Island". She was on a voyage from British Honduras to Bristol.[83]
Rodney  Great Britain The ship ran aground on the Samphire Reefs, off the coast of New Jersey, United States. She was on a voyage from East Florida to Jamaica.[29]
Rose  United States The ship was wrecked at Round Rock, Barbadoes.[115]
Ross  Great Britain The ship was lost in Boston Bay, Massachusetts. She was on a voyage from Newfoundland to New York.[58]
Savanna  Great Britain The ship was lost in the Mississippi River. She was on a voyage from Jamaica to New Orleans, Louisiana, New France.[49]
Spooner  Great Britain The ship was lost at Saint Kitts.[62]
St. Louis  France The ship was lost on the coast of the United States. She was on a voyage from Dunkerque to Philadelphia.[99]
Sv. Evpl  Russian Empire The vessel was lost in Pankov Harbor (52°04′N 173°30′W / 52.067°N 173.500°W / 52.067; -173.500 (Pankov Harbor)) on the Bering Sea coast of Amlia in the eastern Andreanof Islands in the western Catherine Archipelago. Her crew survived.[128]
Swift  Great Britain The ship was lost near the Cameroons, Africa.[47]
Thomas  Great Britain The ship was lost at Saint Kitts.[62]
Thompson  Great Britain The ship was lost in Saint Ann's Bay, Jamaica. She was on a voyage from Jamaica to London.[45]
Three Friends  Great Britain The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Georgia to Amsterdam.[104]

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  122. ^ "The Marine List". New Lloyd's List (1683). 21 June 1785.
  123. ^ "Ship News". Daily Universal Register. No. 233. 23 September 1785. p. 4.
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  126. ^ "The Marine List". New Lloyd's List (1723). 8 November 1785.
  127. ^ "The Marine List". New Lloyd's List (1694). 29 July 1785.
  128. ^ alaskashipwreck.com Alaska Shipwrecks (S)
Ship events in 1785
Ship launches: 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790
Ship commissionings: 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790
Ship decommissionings: 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790
Shipwrecks: 1780 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790