List of shipwrecks in 1864

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The list of shipwrecks in 1864 includes any ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1864.

table of contents
1864
Jan Feb Mar Apr
May Jun Jul Aug
Sep Oct Nov Dec
Unknown date

January[edit]

1 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 January 1864
Ship Country Description
John B. White  United States Army American Civil War: The tug was sunk by a Confederate mine in the waters of Virginia.[1]
Sylvanus  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner, a blockade runner with a cargo of salt, liquor, and cordage, was hit at the waterline with an 11-inch (279-mm) shell and driven ashore in Doboy Sound, Georgia, by the gunboat USS Huron ( United States Navy). The tide then covered her.[2][3]
Unidentified schooner Unknown American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner, a blockade runner with a cargo of turpentine, was burned at Murrell's Inlet, South Carolina, by a landing party of United States Navy and United States Marine Corps personnel from the gunboat USS Nipsic ( United States Navy).[4][5]

2 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 January 1864
Ship Country Description
Bendigo  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The 178-register ton sidewheel paddle steamer, a blockade runner, ran aground on the coast of North Carolina west of Lockwood Folly Inlet. Her crew set fire to her and abandoned her. The screw steamer USS Fahkee ( United States Navy) discovered aground, partially burned, and with 7 feet (2.1 meters) of water in her hold on 3 January. She was destroyed by gunfire by Fahkee, the sidewheel paddle steamer USS Fort Jackson, and the screw steamers USS Daylight, USS Iron Age, and USS Montgomery (all  United States Navy).[2][6]

3 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 January 1864
Ship Country Description
Grafton  United Kingdom The schooner was wrecked in the north arm of Carnley Harbour, Auckland Island. Some members of the crew survived.

7 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 January 1864
Ship Country Description
Dare (or The Dare)  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Pursued by the armed screw steamers USS Aries and USS Montgomery (both  United States Navy), the sidewheel paddle steamer, a blockade runner, ran aground in fog and was abandoned by her crew at North Inlet, near Lockwood Folly Inlet, North Carolina. Boat crews from Aries and Montgomery then boarded and burned her.[2][7]

10 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 January 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Iron Age  United States Navy American Civil War, Union blockade: The armed screw steamer ran aground in Lockwood's Folly Inlet, North Carolina. After salvage efforts failed, she was set afire and blown up by her crew on either 11 or 14 January (sources disagree) to prevent her capture by Confederate forces.[2][8]

11 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 11 January 1864
Ship Country Description
Flora  United Kingdom The 571-gross ton sidewheel paddle steamer foundered in the North Atlantic Ocean while steaming from Halifax, Nova Scotia, to Bermuda, for repairs.[9]
Ranger  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Carrying a cargo of ammunition, rifle muskets, and other arms, the 500-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was forced aground on the coast of North Carolina one mile (1.6 km) west of Lockwood's Folly Inlet by the steam frigate USS Minnesota, the armed screw steamers USS Aries and USS Daylight, and the hermaphrodite brig USS Governor Buckingham (all  United States Navy). A fire then destroyed her.[2][10]
Vesta  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Pursued by the sidewheel paddle steamers USS Keystone State and USS Quaker City and the sloop-of-war USS Tuscarora (all  United States Navy) on the evening of 10 January, the 500-ton screw steamer, carrying a cargo of shoes, blankets, cloth, clothes, a new uniform for General Robert E. Lee, paper, and stationery ran aground on the coast of North Carolina between Little River Inlet and Tubb's Inlet. Her crew set her on fire and abandoned her. The armed screw steamer USS Aries ( United States Navy) discovered her aground and burining on 11 January.[2][11]

14 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 January 1864
Ship Country Description
Emma Jane  United States American Civil War: The 1,097-ton full-rigged ship, bound in ballast from Bombay, India, for British Burma, was captured and burned in the Indian Ocean southwest of India off India′s Malabar Coast at 07°59′00″S 76°04′45″E / 7.98333°S 76.07917°E / -7.98333; 76.07917 (Emma Jane) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Alabama ( Confederate States Navy).[2][12][13]
Young Racer  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The sloop, a blockade runner with a cargo of salt, was forced to run herself aground on the coast of Florida 15 miles (24 km) north of Jupiter Inlet by small boats from the bark USS Roebuck ( United States Navy). Young Racer′s crew then destroyed her to prevent her capture by the boat crews.[2][14]

19 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 January 1864
Ship Country Description
Grey Fox  United States The 70-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was sunk by ice on the Ohio River at Louisville, Kentucky.[15]

22 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 January 1864
Ship Country Description
Henry Fitzhugh  United States The 217-ton sternwheel paddle steamer sank after striking ice on the Ohio River near Shawneetown, Illinois. She later was refloated.[15]
Mary  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Carrying a cargo of cotton, the sloop sprang a leak, ran aground, and was wrecked on the coast of Florida while en route from Jupiter Inlet to Key West under the control of a United States Navy prize crew. A blockade runner, she had been captured by boats from the bark USS Roebuck ( United States Navy) inside Jupiter Inlet on 19 January.[2][16]

25 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 January 1864
Ship Country Description
Thomas J. Patten  United States The 118-ton sternwheel paddle steamer burned on the Mississippi River at Walker's Bend below Memphis, Tennessee.[17]

28 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 January 1864
Ship Country Description
Evansville  United States The 155-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River at Memphis, Tennessee.[18]
Luzerne  United States The 179- or 180-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was sunk by ice in the Mississippi River at Crawford's Landing, Mississippi.[19]
Moderator  United States The 231-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was sunk by ice in the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri.[20]

29 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 January 1864
Ship Country Description
Jenny Ford (or Jennie Ford) Unknown The 396-ton bark, bound in ballast from San Francisco, California, to Puget Sound in Washington Territory, either ran aground in San Francisco County, California, or struck a rock and sank off North Head on the coast of Washington Territory with the loss of one life.[21]

31 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 January 1864
Ship Country Description
Mill Boy  United States American Civil War: Carrying a Union Army cargo consisting of forage, stores, and a cannon, the 86-ton sternwheel paddle steamer parted her anchor rope on the White River in Arkansas during a storm, drifted nine miles (14.5 km) downstream, struck a snag, capsized, and sank nine miles (14.5 km) above Jacksonport, Arkansas. Union forces salvaged the cannon, but the ship and the rest of her cargo were lost.[22]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date January 1864
Ship Country Description
Malabar Unknown The schooner was wrecked at Mendocino, California.[23]
Undine  United States The 158-ton sidewheel paddle steamer sank after hitting ice on the Ohio River at New London, Indiana, near Payne Hollow, Kentucky. Her cabin separated from her hull when she sank and went over the falls at Louisville, Kentucky.[24]

February[edit]

1 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 February 1864
Ship Country Description
Belle Creole  United States The 206-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River at Plum Point, Tennessee, with the loss of one life.[25]
Planet  United States The 604-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was stranded on the Mississippi River at College Point in St. James Parish, Louisiana.[26]
USS Smith-Briggs  United States Army American Civil War, Battle of Smithfield: After being disabled by enemy fire, running aground in the Pagan River at Smithfield, Virginia, and being captured by Confederate troops on 31 January, the sidewheel gunboat on 31, was set on fire by the Confederates. She was destroyed by an explosion when the flames reached her store of black powder.[27]
Wild Dayrell  Spain American Civil War, Union blockade: Bound from Nassau in the Bahamas and trying to run the Union blockade with a cargo of blankets, provisions, and supplies, the 440-ton sidewheel paddle steamer ran aground on the coast of North Carolina near New Topsail Inlet and Stump Inlet. The armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Sassacus ( United States Navy) found and captured her. After salvage efforts failed, the crews of Sassacus and the armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Florida ( United States Navy) burned Wild Dayrell on 3 February.[2][28]

2 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 February 1864
Ship Country Description
Iona  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The 368-gross ton sidewheel paddle steamer, a blockade runner, was 24 hours into a voyage from Queenstown, Ireland, to Nassau in the Bahamas when she foundered in the Bristol Channel off Lundy Island.[29]
Frederick the Great Unknown American Civil War, Union blockade: Attempting to run the Union blockade with a cargo of gunpowder, lead, percussion caps, rope, liquor, and other goods, the schooner ran aground on the coast of Texas near the mouth of Caney Creek while under pursuit by boats from the armed screw steamer USS Queen ( United States Navy).[30]
Firecracker  United States The 1,040-ton steamer foundered on the Yangtze River in China 50 miles (80.5 km) above Kiukiang.[30]
Presto  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The 500-gross ton sidewheel paddle steamer, a blockade runner with a cargo of stores, liquor, blankets, bacon, ham, and other goods, struck the wreck of the screw steamer Minho ( United Kingdom) and ran aground on Sullivan's Island off Fort Moultrie on the coast of South Carolina. The monitors USS Catskill, USS Lehigh, USS Nahant, and USS Passaic (all  United States Navy) and Union Army artillery at Battery Gregg and Fort Strong discovered her there and opened fire on her on 2 February and continued to shell her until 3 or 4 February, by which time she was completely wrecked.[2][31]
USS Underwriter  United States Navy American Civil War: While anchored in the Neuse River near New Bern, North Carolina, the sidewheel gunboat was boarded and captured by a Confederate States Navy boat expedition. While she was under fire by Union-held Fort Anderson, the Confederates stripped her and set her on fire, and she exploded.[2][32]

3 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 February 1864
Ship Country Description
B. C. Levi  United States Carrying a cargo of military stores and passengers that included 28 Union Army soldiers – among them Brigadier General Eliakim P. Scammon ( United States Army) – the 110-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was captured on the Kanawha River at Red House, West Virginia, by troops of the 16th Virginia Cavalry Regiment ( Confederate States Army) and burned at Vintorux’s Landing at the mouth of Big Hurricane Creek.[33]

5 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 February 1864
Ship Country Description
Daniel G. Taylor  United States American Civil War: The 543-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was destroyed on the Ohio River with the loss of one life by a fire set by Confederate infiltrators.[15]
Dick Fulton  United States The 66-ton sidewheel paddle steamer sank in the Ohio River at Point Pittsburgh with the loss of one life after colliding with Hawkeye (flag unknown). She was refloated and rebuilt.[15]
Nutfield  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Pursued by the sidewheel paddle steamer USS Sassacus ( United States Navy), the 531-gross ton sidewheel paddle steamer ran aground at New River Inlet on the coast of North Carolina. He aground abandoned ship. When salvage efforts failed, Union forces removed some of her cargo of Pattern 1853 Enfield rifles, swords, compasses, and quinine and Sassacus and the armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Florida ( United States Navy) destroyed her with gunfire.[2][34]

6 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 February 1864
Ship Country Description
Dee  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The 200-ton screw steamer – a blockade runner carrying a cargo of ammunition, bacon, coffee, distilled spirits, guns, and lead ingots – ran aground on a shoal off North Carolina one mile (1.6 km) south of Masonboro Inlet. Sailors from the armed screw steamer USS Niphon captured her on 7 February, lightened her, and attempted to tow her off, but burned her after she grounded again.[2][7] One source claims that the gunboat USS Cambridge ( United States Navy) completed her destruction.[2]

9 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 February 1864
Ship Country Description
Spunkie  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Trying to run the Union blockade with a cargo of blankets, shoes, and provisions, the 166-gross ton sidewheel paddle steamer ran aground on the coast of North Carolina just west of Fort Caswell. The armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Quaker City ( United States Navy) and two tugs (both  United States) found and tried to refloat her, but she broke in two in heavy surf.[32]

10 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 February 1864
Ship Country Description
Colonel Stell  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The 198-ton sidewheel paddle steamer sank accidentally in Galveston Bay off Pelican Island, Texas. The Confederates quickly raised and repaired her and returned her to service.[35][36]
Emily of London  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The 355-gross ton screw steamer, a blockade runner carrying a cargo of gunpowder, salt, and war materials from Bermuda, ran aground on the coast of North Carolina north of Masonboro Inlet on the night of 9–10 February. Sailors from the armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Florida ( United States Navy) boarded her but came under fire from Confederate artillery. They set her on fire and abandoned her, and she subsequently blew up on 10 February.[2][37]
Fanny and Jenny  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The 497- or 727-bulk ton sidewheel paddle steamer, a blockade runner carrying cargo of bacon, gunpowder, liquor, an expensive jeweled sword for General Robert E. Lee from British sympathizers, and (according to one source) a quantity of coal, and rumored to be carrying a shipment of gold, ran aground on the coast of North Carolina near Masonboro Inlet. A party from the sidewheel paddle steamer USS Florida ( United States Navy) boarded and captured her, but was driven off by Confederate artillery fire, leaving the ship after setting her on fire. She was destroyed by the fire and several explosions.[2][38]
Peri  United Kingdom The brigantine was wrecked at Skysea, Glamorgan, Wales. Her crew were rescued.[39]

17 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 February 1864
Ship Country Description
Hope  United States Navy The 218-ton sidewheel paddle steamer sank in the Mississippi River above New Orleans, Louisiana, after colliding with the gunboat USS St. Clair ( United States Navy).[40]
USS Housatonic  United States Navy American Civil War, Union blockade: The screw sloop-of-war was sunk with a spar torpedo by the submarine H. L. Hunley ( Confederate States Army) off Charleston, South Carolina, at 32°43′7″N 79°48′17″W / 32.71861°N 79.80472°W / 32.71861; -79.80472 (USS Housatonic (1861)) in the first successful submarine attack in history. Five members of Housatonic′s crew were killed.[41]
H. L. Hunley  Confederate States Army
The wreck of H. L. Hunley during its recovery on 8 August 2000.
American Civil War, Union blockade: The submarine, operating under the control of the Confederate States Army, sank in Charleston Harbor off Charleston, South Carolina, at 32°44′N 79°46′W / 32.733°N 79.767°W / 32.733; -79.767 (H. L. Hunley (submarine)) with the loss of her entire crew of eight after using a spar torpedo to sink the screw sloop-of-war USS Housatonic ( United States Navy).[42]
Orient  United States The 222-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River at Commerce, Missouri, with the loss of 14 lives.[43]

18 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 February 1864
Ship Country Description
Ad. Hine  United States The 94-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag on the Arkansas River 8 miles (13 km) below Pine Bluff, Arkansas, and sank in 8 feet (2.4 meters) of water in five minutes. She was refloated and returned to service.[44]

20 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 February 1864
Ship Country Description
Kaskaskia  United States The 49-ton sidewheel paddle steamer sank in the Grand Chain on the Ohio River.[45]

22 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 February 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Linden  United States Navy American Civil War: The steamer sank after striking a snag on the Arkansas River 15 miles above its confluence with the Mississippi River.

24 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 February 1864
Ship Country Description
Charles Henry  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was burned by a gig from the armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Jacob Bell and the gunboat USS Currituck (both  United States Navy) in the waters of Virginia.[46]
Gratitude  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was burned by a gig from the armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Jacob Bell and the gunboat USS Currituck (both  United States Navy) in the waters of Virginia.[47]
Nan-Nan (or Little Lila)  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Fleeing from the sidewheel paddle steamer USS Nita ( United States Navy), the steamer, a blockade runner carrying a cargo of cotton, ran aground in the East Pass of the Suwannee River in Florida and was burned by her crew to prevent her capture by Union forces.[2][16]

27 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 February 1864
Ship Country Description
Rebel Unknown American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner, carrying a cargo of cotton, liquor, salt, and boxed goods, was captured abd destroyed by boats from the bark USS Roebuck ( United States Navy) at Fort Compton on the Indian River in Florida.[48]
Westward Ho!  Peru The clipper burned and sank while at anchor at Callao, Peru.

29 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 February 1864
Ship Country Description
Cassie Holt (or Catherine Holt)  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: After being captured in the Gulf of Mexico in San Luis Pass inside Galveston Island off Galveston, Texas, by the mortar gunboat USS Virginia ( United States Navy) earlier in the day, the sloop, carrying a cargo of cotton, ran aground off San Luis Pass. Sources differ on whether Virginia burned her to prevent her recapture by Confederate forces or was unable to burn her.[2][36]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date February 1864
Ship Country Description
Lizzie Baron  Confederate States of America The schooner sank off Lamar, Texas.[49]
CSS Sharp  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The 218-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned by Confederate forces on the Yalobusha River in Mississippi to prevent her capture by Union forces.[4][50]
St. Mary′s  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The 337-ton sidewheel paddle steamer, carrying a cargo of cotton, was scuttled by her crew on 7 or 9 February to prevent her from being captured by the gunboat USS Norwich ( United States Navy), which had trapped her in McGirt's Creek above Jacksonville, Florida. She was refloated, rebuilt, and placed in service by Union forces.[2][51]

March[edit]

1 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Archimedes  United Kingdom The steam schooner was wrecked on a sandbar at the mouth of the Meuse River in the Netherlands during a storm. Her crew was rescued by local lifesaving personnel.

2 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Unidentified schooner Unknown American Civil War, Union blockade: Carrying ammunition and other assorted cargo, the 80-ton schooner was run aground and burned by her crew in Deadman's Bay on the coast of Florida when the schooner USS Annie ( United States Navy) approached.[14]

3 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 February 1864
Ship Country Description
Sophia  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was discovered aground in Altamaha Sound, Georgia, by the schooner USS Dan Smith ( United States Navy), which captured her. She eventually was refloated and placed under the control of a U.S. Navy prize crew.[2]

3-4 March (overnight)[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3-4 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Arletta  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Carrying a cargo of alcohol, coffee, and whiskey, the 35-to-50-ton schooner was forced aground on the south end of Tybee Island on the coast of Georgia by the gunboat USS South Carolina ( United States Navy), then was captured by a detachment of the 3rd Rhode Island Artillery Regiment ( Union Army).[52]

5 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Unidentified schooner  United States American Civil War: The schooner was captured and sunk at Cherrystone, Virginia, by a mixed force of Confederate States Navy sailors and troopers of the 5th Virginia Cavalry Regiment ( Confederate States Army).[53]

6 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 March 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Peterhoff  United States Navy American Civil War, Union blockade: The former yacht, operating as a patrol vessel, was rammed and sunk off New Inlet, North Carolina, by the screw steamer USS Monticello ( United States Navy), which had mistaken her for a blockade runner. Men from the screw steamers USS Mount Vernon and USS Niphon ( United States Navy) boarded her on 7 March and completed her destruction to prevent her salvage by Confederate forces.[2]

7 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Titan  United States Army American Civil War: After being captured on 5 March by a Confederate States Navy raiding force, the tug was pursued by the gunboat USS Tulip ( United States Navy) up the Piankatank River to its head at Freeport, Virginia, where the Confederates burned her to the waterline when the armed steamer USS Commodore Read, armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Jacob Bell, armed tugs USS Fuchsia and USS Thomas Freeborn, and the armed screw steamer USS Currituck (all  United States Navy) arrived on the scene.[2][27]

8 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 March 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Conestoga  United States Navy American Civil War: The 672-ton timberclad sidewheel paddle steamer sank with the loss of two lives less than four minutes after colliding with the sidewheel paddle steamer USS General Price ( United States Navy) in the Mississippi River about 10 miles (16 km) below Grand Gulf, Mississippi, at Boudurant Point. She was refloated on 27 September 1865.[2][54]

9 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 March 1864
Ship Country Description
A. J. Sweeney  United States Loaded with a cargo of corn and 28 horses, the 244-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a bridge abutment, burned, and sank without loss of human life in the Cumberland River near Clarksville, Tennessee. She later was refloated and dismantled.[55]

10 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Helen  Confederate States of America Departing Charleston, South Carolina, during a gale to run the Union blockade and carry a cargo of cotton to Nassau in the Bahamas, the 185-register ton steamer was wrecked on Bowman's Jetty at the entrance to Charleston Harbor. Only one person on board survived.[2][56]

11 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 11 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Julia Baker  United States American Civil War: The schooner was boarded and burned by Confederate guerrillas near Newport News, Virginia.[2]
Seagull  United States Carrying a cargo of oysters, the full-rigged ship came ashore on Brigantine Beach near Atlantic City, New Jersey, full of water and with her crew missing.[57]

14 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Marion  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The badly leaking 12-to-18-ton schooner was sunk by the gunboat USS Aroostook ( United States Navy) in the Gulf of Mexico off Galveston, Texas, after Aroostook removed her sails, rigging, and cargo of iron and salt. Aroostook had captured her off Velasco, Texas, on 12 March.[49]

15 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 March 1864
Ship Country Description
CSS Countess  Confederate States Navy American Civil War, Red River Campaign: The 198-ton sidewheel paddle steamer ran aground in the Alexandria Falls on the Red River of the South near Alexandria, Louisiana, and was burned by her crew to prevent her capture by advancing Union forces.[2][58]
Fanny Bullitt  United States The 438-ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River at Napoleon, Arkansas.[18]

20 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Spread Eagle  United States The 389-ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Missouri River at either Pickney Bend or Washington, Missouri.[59]

21 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Clifton  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The 892-bulk-ton sidewheel paddle steamer ran aground on the coast of Texas at Sabine Bar on the west side of Sabine Pass while trying to run the Union blockade. Unable to refloat her, her crew threw her cargo overboard and burned her to prevent her capture by Union forces.[36]
Wild Pigeon Unknown American Civil War, Union blockade: During a blockade-running voyage from Havana, Cuba, to Florida, the 37-ton schooner sank immediately with the loss of one crewman after being rammed amidships by the screw steamer USS Hendrick Hudson ( United States Navy).[2][14]

21-22 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21-22 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Emily Unknown The schooner ran aground on a beach on the coast of Texas below Velasco and quickly filled with sand and water.[60]

22 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Buffalo  United States American Civil War, Union blockade: Taken as a prize by the bark USS Braziliera ( United States Navy) on 1 February, the sloop was driven high onto a beach on Ossabaw Island on the coast of Georgia by a storm.[52]

24 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Julia Baker  United States American Civil War: The schooner was burned by Confederate guerrillas in Virginia near Chuckatuck Creek.[1]

25 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Alice Dean  United States The 394-ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a bank on the Ohio River 10 miles (16 km) below Cincinnati, Ohio, and sank. Jennie Hubbs and Lady Pike (nationalities unknown) took off her passengers and cargo. She later was refloated.[61]
Decotah  United States Troops under the command of General Nathan Bedford Forrest ( Confederate States Army) burned the 230-ton sternwheel paddle steamer while she was under repair on the Marine Ways at Paducah, Kentucky.[15]
Unidentified schooner Unknown American Civil War, Union blockade: Carrying a cargo of salt and leather, the schooner was burned at Swansboro or Morehead City, North Carolina (sources disagree), by a joint Union Army-United States Navy landing party consisting of personnel from the 158th New York Infantry Regiment ( Union Army) and the sidewheel paddle steamer USS Britannia ( United States Navy).[2][62]

28 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 March 1864
Ship Country Description
J. H. Russell  United States American Civil War: On a voyage to New Orleans, Louisiana, with a cargo of cattle, cotton, hogs, mules, and seed, the 416-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was destroyed at Plaquemine, Louisiana, by a fire set by a Confederate agent.[63]
USS Kingfisher  United States Navy American Civil War, Union blockade: The 451-ton bark was wrecked off the coast of South Carolina on a shoal on the Combahee Bank in Saint Helena Sound near the south end of Otter Island. She was abandoned on 5 April.[64]
Tempest  United States The 63-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was sunk by ice on the Ohio River at Cincinnati, Ohio.[24]
Woodford  United States American Civil War, Red River Campaign: The 487-ton sidewheel hospital steamer was wrecked and sank on the Red River of the South while going over the Alexandria Falls near Alexandria, Louisiana.[65]
Unidentified schooner  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Loaded with a cargo of cotton, the schooner was destroyed in Matagorda Bay off the coast of Texas by the armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Estrella ( United States Navy).[66]

29 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Avon  United States American Civil War: The full-rigged ship, carrying a cargo of 1,600 tons of guano from Howland Island to Cork, Ireland, was captured, used as a gunnery target, and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean at 15°11′N 34°25′W / 15.183°N 34.417°W / 15.183; -34.417 (Avon) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy).[2][67]
Florence  United States The 399-ton steamer struck a snag and sank in the Missouri River near Atchison, Kansas.[68]

30 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 March 1864
Ship Country Description
Columbia  United States American Civil War, Union blockade: The 44-ton screw tug burned on the Mississippi River at Memphis, Tennessee.[2][54]
Etta  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner, a blockade runner, was destroyed near Cedar Key, Florida, by a boat expedition from the gunboat USS Sagamore ( United States Navy).[2]
Unidentified schooner  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner, a blockade runner, was destroyed near Cedar Key, Florida, by a boat expedition from the gunboat USS Sagamore ( United States Navy).[2]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date March 1864
Ship Country Description
Leon  United States The 87-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank at Burnum, Arkansas.[69]
Susan Douglas  United Kingdom The brig was wrecked at Samasana, off Formosa. The captain[70] and at least 10 crew survived. The crew were picked up from Samasana by the gunboat HMS Bustard ( Royal Navy).[71][72]
William Barnhill  United States Towing barges carrying empty oil barrels, the 149.47-ton sternwheel towboat struck a canal aqueduct on the Allegheny River near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and sank.[73]

April[edit]

1 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Fair Haven  United States The 474-ton screw steamer was stranded at Cape Henry, Virginia.[74]
Key West No. 4  United States The sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Arkansas River at Paw Paw Landing, Arkansas, 20 miles (32 km) below Little Rock, Arkansas.[69]
Maple Leaf  United States Army American Civil War: The 508-ton sidewheel paddle steamer, a transport carrying baggage of the 13th Indiana Infantry Regiment,112th New York Infantry Regiment, and 169th New York Infantry Regiment (all  Union Army), struck a Confederate mine in the St. Johns River in Florida at McIntosh's Point opposite Doctors Lake 15 miles (24 km) above Jacksonville and sank with the loss of four lives, leaving her funnels and upper deck above water. A company of the 1st Georgia Infantry Regiment and a section of the Florida Light Artillery (both  Confederate States Army) burned her funnels and upper deck on 2 April. She and her cargo were declared a total loss.[2][75][76][16]

2 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Jackson  United States The 84-ton sternwheel paddle steamer burned at New Orleans, Louisiana.[63]

4 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Matilda  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The 390-register ton screw steamer sank, either in the Firth of Clyde off Scotland or in the Bristol Channel at Lundy Island.[29]

5 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Jo Jacques  United States The 34-ton sternwheel paddle steamer sank in the Ohio River at Metropolis, Illinois, after colliding with General Anderson (flag unknown).[45]
New Falls City  Confederate States of America American Civil War: Confederate forces sank the 880-ton sidewheel paddle steamer as a blockship in the Red River of the South in Louisiana at the foot of Scopern's Cutoff, one mile (1.6 km) above Loggy Bayou.[77]

12 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Adams  United States American Civil War: The steamer, carrying a cargo of United States Army quartermaster′s stores and ammunition, collided with the steamer Chippewa ( United States) on the Arkansas River 20 miles (32 km) below Little Rock, Arkansas, and sank.[44]
La Crosse  United States American Civil War: The 186-ton sternwheel or screw steamer burned at Egg Bend, Louisiana.[78]

13 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Rosina  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The sloop was forced aground off San Luis Pass, Texas, by the armed screw steamer USS Virginia ( United States Navy). She was set afire by U.S. Navy shelling on 15 April.[2][79]

14 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Unidentified sloop  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The sloop was captured and destroyed on the Nansemond River in Virginia by crew members of the gunboat Reno ( United States Army) and troops of the 9th New Jersey Infantry Regiment ( Union Army).[80]

15 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 April 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Eastport  United States Navy American Civil War, Red River Campaign: The ironclad ram was sunk by a Confederate mine on the Red River of the South in Louisiana. She was destroyed on 26 April to prevent her capture by Confederate forces.
Rosina  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The sloop was forced aground and destroyed off San Luis Pass, Texas, by the screw steamer USS Virginia ( United States Navy).[2]

16 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 16 April 1864
Ship Country Description
General Hunter  United States Army American Civil War: The transport struck a Confederate mine near Mandarin Point in the St. Johns River in the vicinity of Jacksonville, Florida, and sank with the loss of one life.[2][81]

17 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Lecompte  United States The 250-ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Red River of the South in Louisiana 10 miles (16 km) above Campti.[82]

18 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Bombshell  United States Army American Civil War: The armed transport tug was sunk by Confederate artillery batteries in North Carolina, either in Albemarle Sound or on the Roanoke River at a dock in Plymouth (sources disagree). The Confederates raised and repaired her and placed in service as the gunboat CSS Bombshell ( Confederate States Navy). Union forces recaptured her on 5 May 1864.[83][84]
Good Hope  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Carrying a cargo of salt and dry goods, the ca. 150-ton schooner was captured and burned at the mouth of the Homosassa River in Florida by the schooner USS Fox ( United States Navy).[2][81]

19 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Falls City  United States The 183-ton sternwheel paddle steamer foundered in Loggy Bayou in Louisiana.[85]
USS Southfield  United States Navy
Illustration of USS Southfield sinking.
American Civil War, Battle of Plymouth: The gunboat was rammed and sunk in the Roanoke River off Plymouth, North Carolina, by the ironclad ram CSS Albemarle ( Confederate States Navy). Twelve of her crew died; 49 were rescued.[86]

22 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 April 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Petrel  United States Navy American Civil War: After being disabled in combat with Confederate forces on the Yazoo River in near Yazoo City, Mississippi, the tinclad wooden paddle steamer was captured by the Confederates, stripped of her guns and stores, and burned.

23 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Hastings  United States The 191-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Red River of the South at Alexandria, Louisiana.[40]
Rockingham  United States American Civil War: The 976-ton full-rigged ship, carrying a cargo of guano from Callao, Peru, to Cork, Ireland, was captured, used for gunnery practice, and then burned in the Atlantic Ocean west of the Cape Verde Islands near 15°53′S 31°44′W / 15.883°S 31.733°W / -15.883; -31.733 (Rockingham) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Alabama ( Confederate States Navy).[2][12][87]

26 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Champion No. 3  United States American Civil War, Red River Campaign: Transporting freed African-American slaves, the 195-ton sidewheel tug and pump steamer was wrecked on the Red River of the South in Louisiana five miles (8 km) above the mouth of the Cane River when a shell fired by the St. Mary's Cannoneers Louisiana Artillery Regiment ( Confederate States Army) exploded in her boiler, scalding to death 177 of the 192 people on board, including 172 freed slaves. Confederate forces then sank her wreck in the river as a blockship.[88][89]
Homer  United States American Civil War: The sidewheel paddle steamer was scuttled in the Ouachita River off Camden, Arkansas, to prevent her capture by Confederate forces.

27 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Champion No. 5  United States American Civil War, Red River Campaign: The 184-ton sidewheel tug and pump steamer was disabled on the Red River of the South in Louisiana five miles (8 km) above the mouth of the Cane River by Confederate sharpshooters and cannon fire by the St. Mary's Cannoneers Louisiana Artillery Regiment ( Confederate States Army). She ran aground and sank, leaving her hurricane deck and boiler deck underwater.[89][90]
Tycoon  United States American Civil War: The 717-ton bark, carrying a cargo of expensive clothing and other merchandise from New York City to San Francisco, California, was captured and burned in the Atlantic Ocean east of Salvador, Brazil, by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Alabama ( Confederate States Navy).[2][91]

30 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 April 1864
Ship Country Description
Amelia  United States The schooner was lost near Point Judith, Rhode Island.[73]
Chippewa Valley  United States The 101-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Cumberland River in Tennessee 5 miles (8 km) below Gallatin Landing.[92]
Grecian  United Kingdom The brig was wrecked on Nine Mile Beach, New South Wales, Australia, during a gale.

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date April 1864
Ship Country Description
Idaho  United States American Civil War: The sidewheel paddle steamer was sunk accidentally by a United States Navy gunboat in the Ohio River. She later was refloated.[15]
Juanita  Mexico American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner, under the control of a United States Navy prize crew after being captured off San Luis Pass, Texas, by the armed screw steamer USS Virginia ( United States Navy) on 11 April, ran aground at San Luis Pass on either 11 or 13 April and was captured by Confederate forces. One source claims she was aground on 12 April when United States Navy warships shelled her, hitting her once.[2][93]
St. Mary′s  United States American Civil War: The sidewheel paddle steamer was sunk on the Alabama River in Alabama by a Confederate mine. She was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.[51]
Two unidentified torpedo boats  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The torpedo boats were destroyed in a large cotton fire at Wilmington, North Carolina.[94]

May[edit]

1 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 May 1864
Ship Country Description
Emma  United States American Civil War, Red River Campaign: The 385-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was captured and burned by a Confederate States Army artillery battery on the Red River of the South in Louisiana near Fort DeRussy.[85]

3 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 May 1864
Ship Country Description
City Belle  United States American Civil War, Red River Campaign: While carrying between 400 and 725 troops of the 120th Ohio Infantry Regiment ( Union Army), the sidewheel paddle steamer was ambushed by Confederate States Army forces at Snaggy Point on the Red River of the South in Louisiana about 20 to 40 miles (32 to 64 km) above Fort DeRussy. A Confederate artillery shell struck her boiler, wrecking her and scalding to death about a third of the troops aboard. About 200 troops jumped overboard and swam to safety.[58]
Express (or Experiment)  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Attempting to run the Union blockade, the schooner, carrying a cargo of cotton from Galveston, Texas, to Tampico, Mexico, was captured and burned in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Texas by the armed screw steamer USS Virginia ( United States Navy).[2][60]
Jean Goujon  France The ship was on a voyage from Havana, Cuba, to Le Havre, France, with a cargo of sugar, when, in a storm at night, her captain mistook his position and steered south of the rocks he thought were the Les Casquets. The rocks were, in fact, the Écréhous and by steering south he accidentally ran the ship onto the rocks off Jersey in the Channel Islands. The crew was saved.[95]
Pauline  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The 135-ton sidewheel paddle steamer burned at Shreveport, Louisiana.[77]

5 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 May 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Covington  United States Navy American Civil War, Red River Campaign: Badly damaged in combat with Confederate States Army infantry on the Red River of the South, the gunboat was burned by her crew off Alexandria, Louisiana, to prevent her capture by Confederate forces. Her commanding officer and 32 of her crew avoided capture and escaped to Alexandria.[58]
John Warner  United States Army American Civil War, Red River Campaign: Damaged in combat with Confederate States Army infantry and artillery on the Red River of the South near Marksville, Louisiana, while transporting 250 men of the 56th Ohio Infantry Regiment ( Union Army), the 391-ton sidewheel transport ran aground and sank with about 34 men of the regiment killed and another 150 captured.[96]
USS Signal  United States Navy American Civil War, Red River Campaign: Badly damaged in combat with Confederate States Army infantry on the Red River of the South, the gunboat was burned by her crew off Alexandria, Louisiana, to prevent her capture by Confederate forces. The Confederates captured her crew.

6 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 May 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Commodore Jones  United States Navy American Civil War: The gunboat was blown to pieces by a 2,000-pound (907-kg) electrically detonated Confederate mine on the James River in Virginia, killing 40 of her crew and wounding 29.[2][97]

7 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 May 1864
Ship Country Description
CSS Raleigh  Confederate States Navy American Civil War, Union blockade: The casemate ironclad suffered severe damage when she ran aground on the bar at the mouth of the Cape Fear River on the coast of North Carolina and was destroyed by her crew to prevent her capture by Union forces.[2][10]
USS Shawsheen  United States Navy American Civil War: The gunboat was disabled and captured by Confederate States Army troops on the James River in Virginia. The Confederate troops set her on fire when two United States Navy ironclads approached, and she exploded when the flames reached her ammunition magazine.[2][27]

8 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 May 1864
Ship Country Description
Sophia  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: While under the control of a United States Navy prize crew, the schooner foundered in a heavy gale off the coast of the United States. She had been captured by the schooner USS Dan Smith ( United States Navy) on 3 March.[2]

9 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 May 1864
Ship Country Description
Silver Cloud No. 2  United States Carrying a cargo of government supplies, the 287-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a rock and sank in shallow water in the Cumberland River in Tennessee. She was refloated the next day.[98]

10 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 May 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Carondelet  United States Navy American Civil War, Red River Campaign: The ironclad gunboat ran aground on the Red River of the South above Alexandria, Louisiana. She soon was refloated.[2]
Harriet A. Weed  United States Army American Civil War: Carrying 13 officers and 20 enlisted men of the 3rd United States Colored Infantry Regiment ( United States Army), the sidewheel transport sank less than a minute after striking two Confederate mines on the St. Johns River in Florida near Mandarin Point and the mouth of Cedar Creek. One officer was blown 20 feet (6.1 meters) into the air, five men were killed, and the ship was a total loss.[2][99]
USS Mound City  United States Navy American Civil War, Red River Campaign: The ironclad gunboat ran aground on the Red River of the South above Alexandria, Louisiana. She soon was refloated.[2]

11 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 11 May 1864
Ship Country Description
Invercauld  United Kingdom The sailing ship was wrecked on the Auckland Islands. Some members of the crew survived.

14 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 May 1864
Ship Country Description
Anna Eliza  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The sloop was on a blockade-running voyage from the Santee River in South Carolina to Nassau in the Bahamas with a cargo of turpentine spirits when she was discovered dismasted and waterlogged in the North Atlantic Ocean off North Carolina at 34°35′N 74°55′W / 34.583°N 74.917°W / 34.583; -74.917 (Anna Eliza) by the mortar gunboat USS Sea Foam ( United States Navy).[100]
Jenny Jones  United States The schooner was stranded on Peacock Spit while sailing up the Columbia River between Oregon and Washington Territory.[101]

16 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 16 May 1864
Ship Country Description
John Williams  United Kingdom The barque was wrecked on a reef off Danger Island in the Cook Islands and sank without loss of life.

18 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 May 1864
Ship Country Description
George Latimer  United States American Civil War: The 198-ton schooner, carrying a cargo of flour, lard, bread, and kerosene, from Baltimore, Maryland, to Recife, Brazil, was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean at 34°55′N 55°13′W / 34.917°N 55.217°W / 34.917; -55.217 (George Latimer) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy).[102][2][9]

21 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 May 1864
Ship Country Description
Nile  United States The 650-ton screw steamer exploded at Detroit, Michigan, with the loss of 13 lives.[103]

22 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 May 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Columbine  United States Navy
Illustration of the capture of USS Columbine.
American Civil War, Battle of Horse Landing:The sidewheel paddle steamer was ambushed by Confederate States Army forces on the St. Johns River in Florida, ran aground, and was captured by Confederate troops. Confederate forces burned her to prevent her recapture by the gunboat USS Ottawa ( United States Navy), which was five miles (8 km) upriver.
Sting Ray  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was grounded by her crew on the coast of Texas after they overpowered a prize crew placed aboard her by the gunboat USS Kineo ( United States Navy) earlier in the day. The prize crew had gotten drunk on liquor the crew of Sting Ray gave them.[2][79]

24 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 May 1864
Ship Country Description
Lebanon  United States American Civil War: The steamer was captured and burned by Confederate States Army troops at Ford's Landing, Arkansas.[2]
Three unidentified transports  United States American Civil War: The transports came under fire by Confederate States Army artillery on the Mississippi River at Daniel Session's Plantation. One careened over and was hauled to the river's bank, while the othr two were disabled and set afire.[104]

25 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 May 1864
Ship Country Description
Visalia  United States The 76-ton screw steamer struck a snag and sank at Hayes Bend on the Sacramento River, three miles (4.8 km) above Nicholas, California.[105]

26 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 May 1864
Ship Country Description
Boston  United States Army American Civil War: Aground on the Ashepoo River in South Carolina since around midnight on 25 May with the loss of seven or eight lives while transporting 300 personnel of the 34th United States Colored Infantry Regiment, 90 cavalrymen, and 60 horses (all  Union Army), the 574-, 590-, or 630-ton sidewheel transport took 70 to 80 shell hits and was burned prevent her capture by Confederate forces.[2][106][107]

27 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 May 1864
Ship Country Description
Lebanon  United States American Civil War: The 225-ton sidewheel transport was burned by Confederate forces on the Mississippi River at Greenville, Mississippi. She had been captured on the Mississippi about 10 miles (16 km) below Greenville near Ford's Landing on 25 May by a yawl manned by men of the 4th Missouri Regiment ( Confederate States Army).[19]

28 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 May 1864
Ship Country Description
Belle Creole  United States The sidewheel paddle steamer burned in a wharf fire at New Orleans, Louisiana.[88][108]
Black Hawk  United States The 57- or 211-ton sidewheel paddle steamer burned in a wharf fire at New Orleans, Louisiana.[88][108]
Empire Parish  United States The 279-ton sidewheel paddle steamer burned in a wharf fire at New Orleans, Louisiana.[108][85]
Fawn  United States The sidewheel paddle steamer burned in a wharf fire at New Orleans, Louisiana.[108][109]
General Finegan  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Carrying a cargo of cotton and turpentine, the sloop was captured and destroyed in the Gulf of Mexico off Florida just north of the Chassahowitzka River near Homosassa Bay by two boats from the schooner USS Ariel ( United States Navy).[2][81]
Meteor  United States The 417-ton sidewheel paddle steamer burned in a wharf fire at New Orleans, Louisiana.[110][108]
New Orleans  United States The 198-ton sidewheel paddle steamer burned in a wharf fire at New Orleans, Louisiana.[77][108]
Louisiana Bell  United States The 89-ton sternwheel paddle steamer burned in a wharf fire at New Orleans, Louisiana.[82][108]
Time and Tide  United States The 130-ton sternwheel paddle steamer burned in a wharf fire at New Orleans, Louisiana.[111][108]

30 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 May 1864
Ship Country Description
Clara Ames (or Clara Eames)  United States American Civil War: Ambushed by Confederate States Army troops on the Mississippi River about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) below Columbia, Arkansas, the 105-ton sternwheel transport ran aground about 4 miles (6.4 km) above Sunnyside Plantation, Arknasa, and was captured by the Confederates, who burned her to the waterline.[2][54]
Fortunate  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: After the sloop, carrying a cargo of cotton and turpentine, was captured and taken in tow by the screw steamer USS Bermuda ( United States Navy), she parted her hawser in the North Atlantic Ocean off Florida and sank at 27°53′N 79°45′W / 27.883°N 79.750°W / 27.883; -79.750 (Fortunate).[81]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date May 1864
Ship Country Description
CSS Doubloon  Confederate States Navy American Civil War, Red River Campaign: The 293-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was scuttled in the Red River of the South in Louisiana. She was refloated and repaired.[112]
Drover  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Red River Campaign: The 26-ton sidewheel ferry probably was scuttled as a blockship in the Red River of the South at Shreveport, Louisiana. She probably was refloated.[112]
Pontiac  United States The 68-ton sidewheel paddle steamer exploded at Grand Have, Michigan, killing three people.[103]

June[edit]

1 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 June 1864
Ship Country Description
Unidentified wharf boat  United States The wharf boat, loaded with reserve supplies and ammunition for the fleet of Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter ( United States Navy) and carrying paymaster′s cash in a safe was set afire and blown up by Confederate agents on the Ohio River at Mound City, Illinois. The paymaster was burned and nearly suffocated while trying to save the cash in the safe.[24]

2 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 June 1864
Ship Country Description
Frank Steel (or Frank Steele)  United States The 136-ton sidewheel paddle steamer exploded on the Mississippi River at La Crosse, Wisconsin, killing two people.[18]
Georgiana C. McCaw  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Pursued by the gunboat USS Victoria ( United States Navy), the 700-ton sidewheel paddle steamer, a blockade runner carrying a large cargo of provisions, ran aground near Cape Fear, North Carolina. Victoria shelled her, then put a boarding party aboard her which captured all but four of her passengers and crew and set her on fire. Her wreck eventually sank in 10 feet (3 meters) of water.[2][113]
Isabel  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Having suffered severe damage from gunfire while being captured in the Gulf of Mexico off Galveston, Texas, by the screw steamer USS Admiral ( United States Navy) while attempting to run the Union blockade with a cargo of gunpowder and arms on 28 May, the steamer sank at Quarantine Station on the Mississippi River.[2][114]
Rose  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The 67-register ton sidewheel paddle steamer, a blockade runner en route from Nassau in the Bahamas carrying a small cargo of liquor and other goods, was chased ashore on the coast of South Carolina on the south end of Pawleys Island near Georgetown by the gunboat USS Wamsutta ( United States Navy). She was burned there by Union forces.[31]

7 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 June 1863
Ship Country Description
CSS Etiwan  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The 132-ton sidewheel transport ran aground in Charleston Harbor off Fort Johnson in South Carolina. One source claims she was destroyed by Union artillery emplaced on Morris Island;[2] another claims she was raised and repaired and placed in service by Union forces.[115]

8 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 June 1864
Ship Country Description
Berkshire  United States The 649-ton steamer burned at Poughkeepsie, New York, with the loss of 35 lives.[57]

9 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 June 1864
Ship Country Description
Pevensey  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Pursued by the gunboat USS New Berne ( United States Navy), the 483-, 500-, or 543-ton sidewheel paddle steamer, a blockade runner bound for Wilmington, North Carolina, from Bermuda with a cargo that included arms, blankets, cloth, clothing, shoes, lead, and bacon, ran aground on the coast of North Carolina about 7 miles (11 km) west of Beaufort. Pevensey′s crew blew her up and set her on fire to prevent her capture by Union forces.[2][116]

12 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 June 1864
Ship Country Description
I Go  United States American Civil War: The 104-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was burned on the Arkansas River at Arkansas Post, Arkansas.[69]
USS Lavender  United States Navy American Civil War, Union blockade: During a voyage from the Delaware Capes to Charleston, South Carolina, the armed tug was wrecked on the Cape Lookout Shoals in the North Atlantic Ocean off North Carolina during a severe squall. Between nine members and 14 members of her crew died before the steamer John Farrow ( United States Army) rescued her 14 survivors on 15 June.[117]

14 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 June 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Courier  United States Navy The storeship was wrecked without loss of life on the Abaco Islands in the Bahamas about 10 nautical miles (18.5 km) south of the Elbow Cay Lighthouse.[118]

15 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 June 1864
Ship Country Description
J. R. Williams  United States American Civil War: Disabled by Confederate artillery on the Arkansas River at Pheasant Bluff in the Indian Territory near what is now Tamaha, Oklahoma, the sternwheel paddle steamer ran aground and was captured. Confederate forces then burned her.[24]

16 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 16 June 1864
Ship Country Description
Landis  United States American Civil War: The 377-ton sidewheel transport was damaged in combat with the 1st Louisiana Cavalry Regiment ( Confederate States Army) on the Mississippi River at Magnolia Landing in Louisiana about six miles (10 km) from Port Hudson on the night of 16 June and reportedly sank near Baton Rouge.[78]
Two unidentified schooners Unknown American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooners were burned near the mouth of the Pamlico River in North Carolina by a joint Union Army-United States Navy expedition embarked on the transport Ella May ( United States Army) and the sidewheel gunboat USS Ceres and armed screw steamer USS Louisiana (both  United States Navy).[2][94]

17 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 June 1864
Ship Country Description
William C. Clarke  United States American Civil War: The 338-ton brig, carrying a cargo of lumber from Machias, Maine, to Matanzas, Cuba, was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean at 30°00′N 62°40′W / 30.000°N 62.667°W / 30.000; -62.667 (William C. Clarke) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy).[2][102][119]

19 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 June 1864
Ship Country Description
CSS Alabama  Confederate States Navy
Illustration of CSS Alabama sinking, Harper's Weekly, 23 July 1864.
American Civil War, Battle of Cherbourg: The screw sloop-of-war was sunk in combat with the screw sloop-of-war USS Kearsarge ( United States Navy) in the English Channel off Cherbourg, France, with the loss of about 40 members of her crew. Kearsarge resuced approximately 70 other members of her crew, who became prisoners-of-war.
Alvin Clark  United States The schooner capsized and sank in a storm in Green Bay just off Chambers Island, Wisconsin, with the loss of two of her four crew members.

24 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 June 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Queen City  United States Navy American Civil War, Union blockade: The sidewheel paddle steamer was captured by Confederate States Army cavalry and artillery while anchored on the White River off Clarendon, Arkansas. The Confederates blew her up shortly after capturing her.[2]

27 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 June 1864
Ship Country Description
Colonel Satterly  United States American Civil War: Loaded with gravel, sand, and stone, the schooner was scuttled as a blockship by Union Army forces in Trent's Reach on the James River in Virginia.[46]
E. W. Benton  United States American Civil War: Loaded with gravel, sand, and stone, the schooner was scuttled as a blockship by Union Army forces in Trent's Reach on the James River in Virginia.[74]
Franklin  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The bark was scuttled as a blockship in Trent's Reach on the James River in Virginia.[120]
Haxall  United States American Civil War: Loaded with gravel, sand, and stone, the schooner was scuttled as a blockship by Union Army forces in Trent's Reach on the James River in Virginia.[121]
Julie A. Whitford (or Julia A. Whitfield)  United States American Civil War: Loaded with gravel, sand, and stone, the schooner was scuttled as a blockship by Union Army forces in Trent's Reach on the James River in Virginia.[1]
Mary Robinson  United States The clipper was driven onto a reef at Howland Island (01°N 176°W / 1°N 176°W / 1; -176 (Mary Robinson)) in the Pacific Ocean and wrecked during a strong squall. Her wreck slid off the reef and sank the next day.
Mist  Confederate States of America American Civil War: Loaded with gravel, sand, and stone, the schooner was scuttled as a blockship by Union Army forces in Trent's Reach on the James River in Virginia on or about 27 June.[122]
Modern Greece  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: After suffering nine shell hits while under fire by United States Navy ships, the 753- to 1,000-ton screw steamer was driven ashore by the armed screw steamer USS Cambridge and the gunboat USS Stars and Stripes (both  United States Navy) and wrecked on the coast of North Carolina near Federal Point and New Inlet while trying to reach Wilmington, North Carolina, with a cargo of brandy, liquor, rifled cannons, brass smoothbore cannons, Enfield rifle muskets, gunpowder, clothing, and assorted civilian cargo. She sank 200 yards (183 meters) off shore in 40 feet (12 meters) of water.[123]

28 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 June 1864
Ship Country Description
Sarah Mary  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Captured by the gunboat USS Norfolk Packet) ( United States Navy on 24 June in the North Atlantic Ocean off Mosquito Inlet, Florida, while trying to run the Union blockade with a cargo of cotton, the 15-ton sloop grounded on a beach on the coast of South Carolina at the mouth of Horse Island Creek while her Union prize crew was sailing her to Port Royal, South Carolina.[124]

29 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 June 1864
Ship Country Description
Alvin Clark  United States The two-masted schooner sank in Green Bay off the coast of Wisconsin.[125]
Pike Unknown The wooden barge struck a snag and sank in the Sacramento River below the I Street Bridge in Sacramento. California.[126]

30 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 June 1864
Ship Country Description
Ivanhoe  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: While trying to enter Mobile Bay, the steamer, a blockade runner, was forced aground about 2 miles (3.2 km) east of Fort Morgan, Alabama, by the sidewheel paddle steamer USS Glasgow ( United States Navy), after which the sloop-of-war USS Hartford, the gunboat USS Kennebec, and the sidewheel paddle steamer USS Metacomet (all  United States Navy) fired between 700 and 800 shells at her. A U.S. Navy boat expedition burned her on 6 July.[2][127]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date June 1864
Ship Country Description
Olive  United States After coal oil she was carrying caught fire, the 220-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was scuttled in the Ohio River at Buffington Island to extinguish the flames. She later was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.[45]
Tiger  United States During a voyage from North Bend, Ohio, to Cincinnati, Ohio, towing a barge of hay, the 97.6-ton screw towboat struck Kirby Rock in the Ohio River and sank.[24]
Unidentified schooner Unknown American Civil War, Union blockade: Carrying a cargo of cotton and turpentine, the schooner sank in Indian River Inlet on the coast of Florida.[14]

July[edit]

1 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 July 1864
Ship Country Description
Harriet Stevens  United States American Civil War: The 463-ton bark, carrying a cargo of lumber, cement, and gum opium from Machias, Maine, to Matanzas, Cuba, was captured, used for target practice, and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean southwest of Bermuda at 31°33′N 64°08′W / 31.550°N 64.133°W / 31.550; -64.133 (Harriet Stevens) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy).[102][128][119]

3 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 July 1864
Ship Country Description
Locust Point  United States The 462-ton screw steamer sank with the loss of 17 lives in 84 feet (25.6 meters) of water in the North Atlantic Ocean off Absecon, New Jersey, between Absecon Light and Barnegat Light after colliding with Matanzas (flag unknown).[57][129]

4 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 July 1864
Ship Country Description
Mariner  United States American Civil War: The 193-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned by Confederate States Army forces on the Mississippi River above Helena, Arkansas, near the mouth of the St. Francis River, where she had been aground on a sandbar since June.[19]

7 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 July 1864
Ship Country Description
Carolina  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Attempting to run the Union blockade, the 52-register ton sidewheel paddle steamer was wrecked while leaving Galveston, Texas.[36]
Matagorda  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The 1,250-gross ton sidewheel paddle steamer was forced aground off Galveston Island on the coast of Texas, 7 miles (11 km) northeast of San Luis Pass, by the gunboat USS Kanawha ( United States Navy) three hours after departing Galveston, Texas to attempt to run the Union blockade with a cargo that included cotton. Kanawha, the gunboat USS Aroostook, and the screw steamer USS Penguin (all  United States Navy) shelled her on 8 July when Confederates attempted to salvage her, then personnel in two boats from Kanawha and one from Penguin boarded her and set her afire. She later was salvaged and returned to Confederate service.[128][49]

8 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 July 1864
Ship Country Description
Galconda  United States American Civil War: The whaler, a 330-ton bark returning from a two-year whaling expedition with a cargo of 1,800 barrels of whale oil, was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off Florida southwest of Bermuda at 37°28′N 72°00′W / 37.467°N 72.000°W / 37.467; -72.000 (Golconda) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy).[102][128][119]
Planet No. 2  United States The 58-ton sidewheel paddle steamer crashed into a dock at New Orleans, Louisiana.[26]

9 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 July 1864
Ship Country Description
Greenland  United States American Civil War: The 549-ton bark, bound from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Pensacola, Florida, with a cargo of coal, was under tow by the tug America ( United States) in the North Atlantic Ocean off Cape Henry, Virginia, when the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy) approached. America cast off Greeland and escaped, and Florida captured and burned Greenland near 36°43′N 074°11′W / 36.717°N 74.183°W / 36.717; -74.183 (Grenland).[102][128][47]
Margaret Y. Davis  United States American Civil War: The schooner, in ballast, was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off Cape Henry, Virginia, by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy).[102][128]

10 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 July 1864
Ship Country Description
Electric Spark  United States American Civil War: During a voyage from New York City to Havana, Cuba, carrying 43 passengers and a cargo of assorted merchandise, dry goods, shoes, boots, fine provisions, wines, liquors, postage stamps, mail, gold specie, cash, and bank notes, the 810-ton screw steamer was captured in the North Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Maryland by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy). Florida scuttled Electric Spark. One Florida crewmen died when one of Florida′s boats was swamped during the capture.[102][128][130]
Elizabeth Buckley Unknown Carrying a cargo of lumber, the schooner was stranded at Point Arena, California, with the loss of one life.[131]
General Berry  United States American Civil War: The 469- or 1,197-ton bark, carrying a cargo of hay and straw from Maine to Fortress Monroe in Virginia, was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean 35 nautical miles (65 km) off the coast of Maryland at 37°33′N 74°20′W / 37.550°N 74.333°W / 37.550; -74.333 (General Berry) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy).[102][128][130]
Governor Milton  United States American Civil War: The armed tug became disabled while transporting Union Army troops on the South Fork of the Edisto River in South Carolina and was burned at the mouth of the river to prevent her capture by Confederate forces.[132]
Virgin  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The steamer, a large blockade runner, was discovered aground on the coast of Alabama at Mobile Bay near Fort Morgan by the broadside ironclad USS Galena, sidewheel gunboat USS Sebago, and screw sloops-of-war USS Lackawanna and USS Monongahela (all  United States Navy), all of which opened fire on her. However, the Confederates towed her to safety on 11 July.[128]
Zelinda  United States American Civil War: During a voyage in ballast from Matanzas, Cuba. to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the 559-ton bark was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean 3 nautical miles (65 km) off the coast of Maryland by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy).[102][128][133]

15 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 July 1864
Ship Country Description
Cherokee  United States American Civil War: The 261-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned by Confederate agents on the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri.[134]
Edward F. Dix  United States American Civil War: The 296-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned by Confederate agents on the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri. She was repaired and returned to service.[85][54]
Glasgow  United States American Civil War: The 340-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned by Confederate agents on the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri.[135]
Nare  United States Bound from New York City to Santa Marta, Venezuela, the steamer sank an hour after springing a leak. The crew abandoned ship in two boats. One boat disappeared; the survivors aboard the other boat were rescued by the bark Sicilian (flag unknown).[136]
Northerner  United States American Civil War: The 332-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned by Confederate agents on the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri.[43]
Sunshine  United States American Civil War: The 354-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned by Confederate agents on the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri.[17]
Welcome  United States American Civil War: The 499-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned by Confederate agents on the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri.[137]

18 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 July 1864
Ship Country Description
Saint Louis  United States The 191-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was burned by Confederate guerrillas at Sailor's Rest on the Cumberland River in Tennessee above Fort Donelson.[98]

21 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 July 1864
Ship Country Description
B. M. Runyon  United States Army The 443-ton sidewheel transport struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River at the foot of Island No 84 near Skipwith's Landing, Mississippi, and Gaines Landing, Arkansas, with the loss of about 70 to 150 men.[134]

23 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 July 1864
Ship Country Description
B. M. Runyan  United States Army American Civil War: The transport, carrying about 500 Union Army and civilian personnel, sank after striking a snag in the Mississippi River near Skipwith's Landing, Mississippi. The sternwheel paddle steamer USS Prairie Bird ( United States Navy) rescued about 350 survivors.[128]
Gazelle  United States Bound for Portsmouth, New Hampshire, with a cargo of coal, the schooner struck a rock and sank in the North Atlantic Ocean off Thacher Island on the coast of Massachusetts.[133]
Kingston  United States American Civil War: The steamer ran aground on the Virginia shore of the Chesapeake Bay between Smith's Point and Windmill Point. She was captured and burned on 24 July by Confederate guerrillas.[128]

24 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 July 1864
Ship Country Description
B. T. Martin  United States American Civil War, Union blockade: After her capture by the Confederate privateer York in the North Atlantic Ocean 110 nautical miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, during a voyage from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Havana, Cuba, with a cargo of potatoes, a complete sugar mill, and three large iron tanks, the brig was beached by her Confederate prize crew on the coast of North Carolina near Chicamacomico. The Confederates were still stripping B. T. Martin and removing her cargo when the armed screw steamer USS Union ( United States Navy) approached on 28 July, prompting them to burn B. T. Martin to prevent Union from recapturing her.[84]
Clara Bell (or Clarabell)  United States American Civil War: The 200-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was damaged by Confederate States Army artillery fire on the White River, then was run onto the riverbank at Caroline Landing, Mississippi, and finally burned after being set afire by more artillery fire when Confederate forces pursued her to Louisiana Bend on the Mississippi River.[134]
Gazelle  United States Bound for Portsmouth, New Hampshire, with a cargo of coal, the schooner struck a rock and sank in the North Atlantic Ocean off Thacher Island on the coast of Massachusetts.[133]
Kingston  United States American Civil War: The 200-ton sidewheel paddle steamer ran aground on the Virginia shore of the Chesapeake Bay in the Diamond Marshes between Smith Point and Windmill Point and was captured and burned by Confederate guerrillas.[128][1]

25 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 July 1864
Ship Country Description
Island City  United States Carrying a cargo of corn for the Northwestern Indian Expedition, the 139-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Missouri River across from Fort Buford in Dakota Territory.[138]
Monitor  United States Under tow by the steamer Christina and carrying a cargo of hay and a wagon, the barge burned and sank in the Sacramento River two miles (3.2 km) downstream from Rio Vista, California.[23]
USS Undine  United States Navy American Civil War: The tinclad sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Tennessee River near Clifton, Tennessee. She was refloated on 31 July and was repaired and returned to service.[128]

29 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 July 1864
Ship Country Description
Mosquito  United States Carrying a cargo of wood, the barge struck a snag and sank in the Sacramento River at the foot of I Street in Sacramento, California.[23]

30 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 July 1864
Ship Country Description
Henry Ames  United States The 777-ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River about 7 miles (11 km) above Cairo, Illinois. She later was refloated.[139]

31 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 July 1864
Ship Country Description
Thistle  United States The 210-ton sternwheel towboat struck a snag and sank in the Ohio River near Big Hurricane Island.[24]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date July 1864
Ship Country Description
John T. Wright  United States The sidewheel paddle steamer was wrecked at Lanshan Crossing on the Yangtze River in China.[140]
Kate  United States During a river voyage in Louisiana from New Orleans to Brashear City with a cargo of 130 tons of coal, the schooner was seized and burned by Confederate forces and sank across from Lost Island.[78]

August[edit]

2 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 August1861
Ship Country Description
Lady Walton  United States The 150-ton sternwheel paddle steamer collided with Norman (flag unknown) and sank in the Tippecanoe River at Warsaw, Indiana.[13]

3 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Dan Pollard  United States The 77-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank at Cairo, Illinois.[141]

5 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 August 1864
Ship Country Description
CSS Gaines  Confederate States Navy American Civil War, Battle of Mobile Bay: The sidewheel gunboat grounded in a sinking condition in Mobile Bay, Alabama, near Fort Morgan after suffering heavy damage, with two crew members killed.
USS Philippi  United States Navy American Civil War, Battle of Mobile Bay: The sidewheel gunboat was set afire by Confederate artillery and sank in Mobile Bay, Alabama, at 30°23′01″N 88°02′00″W / 30.3835°N 88.0334°W / 30.3835; -88.0334 (USS Philippi (1863)) after suffering heavy damage.
USS Tecumseh  United States Navy
Illustration of USS Tecumseh sinking.
American Civil War, Battle of Mobile Bay: The monitor sank in less than 30 seconds with the loss of 94 lives in Mobile Bay, Alabama, at 30°13′54″N 88°1′33″W / 30.23167°N 88.02583°W / 30.23167; -88.02583 (USS Tecumseh (1863)) after striking a Confederate mine.

7 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Charles Mears  United States The 272-ton screw steamer burned at Muskegon, Michigan.[103]
Chekiang  United States The 1,264-ton sidewheel paddle steamer burned at Hankow, China.[30]
CSS Phoenix  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The ironclad warship was scuttled at the Dog River Bar in Mobile Bay, Alabama, at 30°36′08″N 88°02′19″W / 30.60231°N 88.03860°W / 30.60231; -88.03860 (CSS Phoenix) to prevent her capture by Union forces. A few nights later, men from the sidewheel gunboat USS Metacomet ( United States Navy) blew up her wreck to prevent her from being salvaged by Confederate forces, after which Confederate forces burned her wreck to the waterline to prevent her salvage by Union forces.
USS Violet  United States Navy American Civil War: The armed tug ran aground on the Western Bar of North Carolina′s Cape Fear River. Her own crew and that of the gunboat USS Vicksburg ( United States Navy) were unable to refloat her. To prevent her capture by Confederate forces, they destroyed her by detonating her gunpowder magazine early on 8 August.[11][128]

8-9 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8-9 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Prince Albert  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The 132-gross ton sidewheel paddle steamer, a blockade runner carrying a cargo of lead ingots and medicine, struck the wreck of the screw steamer Minho ( United Kingdom) while trying to enter Charleston Harbor at Charleston, South Carolina, and sank in shallow water on Drunken Dick Shoal at Bowman's Jetty off Fort Moultrie on 8 or 9 August. Her wreck was set afire by shelling by the monitor USS Catskill ( United States Navy) and Union artillery on Morris Island, and the fire completed her destruction.[128][142]

9 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 August 1864
Ship Country Description
J. C. Campbell  United States American Civil War: The supply barge, carrying a cargo of commissary stores, was obliterated at her moorings at a wharf at City Point on the James River in Virginia by the explosion of the barge J. E. Kendrick ( United States).[143]
J. E. Kendrick  United States
Illustration by Alfred R. Waud of the explosion of J. E. Kendrick, published in Harper's Weekly on 27 August 1864.
American Civil War: The supply barge was obliterated at her moorings a wharf at City Point on the James River in Virginia when a time bomb planted by a Confederate saboteur detonated on board, causing her cargo of ammunition to explode.[143][144] The explosion killed 43 people instantly and injured 126; some accounts put the death toll as high as 300.
Lewis  United States American Civil War: The barge was blown up at City Point on the James River in Virginia by the explosion of the barge J. E. Kendrick ( United States).[145]
Major General Meade  United States American Civil War: The supply barge, carrying a cargo of condemned stores and condemned ammunition, was obliterated at her moorings at a wharf at City Point on the James River in Virginia by the explosion of the barge J. E. Kendrick ( United States).[143]

10 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Racine  United States The 157-ton screw steamer burned at Rondeau, Ontario, killing 13 people.[146]

11 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 11 August 1864
Ship Country Description
A. Richards  United States American Civil War: The 274-ton brig was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off Sandy Hook, New Jersey, by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][148]
Bay State  United States American Civil War: The 200-ton bark, carrying a cargo of wood from Alexandria[disambiguation needed] to New York City, was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off Sandy Hook, New Jersey, by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][57]
Carrie Estelle  United States American Civil War: The 218-ton brig or schooner (sources disagree), carrying a cargo of logs, was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean about 80 nautical miles (148 km) off Sandy Hook, New Jersey, by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][148]
James Funk  United States American Civil War: The 121-ton pilot boat was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off either Sandy Hook, New Jersey, or Montauk Point, Long Island, New York (sources disagree), by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][149]
Sarah A. Boyce  United States American Civil War: The 382-ton schooner was captured and scuttled or burned (sources disagree) in the North Atlantic Ocean 80 nautical miles (148 km) off Sandy Hook, New Jersey, by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][57]
William Bell  United States American Civil War: The pilot boat was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean 90 nautical miles (167 km) east-southeast of Sandy Hook, New Jersey, or 35 nautical miles (65 km) southeast of Fire Island, New York, by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][57]

12 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Adriatic  United States American Civil War: During a voyage from London to New York City with 170 emigrants aboard, the 989-ton full-rigged ship was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean either off Sandy Hook, New Jersey, or 35 nautical miles (65 km) off Montauk Point, Long Island, New York (sources disagree), by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][57]
Atlantic  United States American Civil War: During a voyage to New York City, the 156-ton schooner was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean, either off Sandy Hook, New Jersey, or off the coast of New York (sources disagree), by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[128][57]
Spokane  United States American Civil War: Carrying a cargo of lumber from Calais, France, to New York City, the 126-ton schooner was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off Sandy Hook, New Jersey, by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[128][149]

13 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Glenarvon (or Glenavon)  United States American Civil War: During a voyage from New York City to Greenock, Scotland, with a cargo of iron, the 789-ton barque was captured and scuttled in the North Atlantic Ocean off Massachusetts by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][150]
Lamont Du Pont (or Lammont Du Pont)  United States American Civil War: Carrying a cargo of coal from Cow Bay, Nova Scotia, to New York City, the 194-ton schooner was captured and either scutlled or burned (sources disagree) in the North Atlantic Ocean within 60 nautical miles (97 km) of New York City by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[128][149]

14 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Gladiator  United States The 425-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was stranded on the Mississippi River at Willard, Illinois.[135]
James Littlefield  United States American Civil War: The 547- or 593-ton full-rigged ship, carrying a cargo of anthracite from Cardiff, Wales, to New York City, was captured and scuttled in the North Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Maine by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][151]

15 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Etta Caroline  United States American Civil War: Carrying a cargo of wood, the 39-ton fishing schooner was captured and scuttled in the North Atlantic Ocean off Maine by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][151]
Floral Wreath  United States American Civil War: The 54-ton schooner, bound from Bridgeport[disambiguation needed] to C. H. Island in Maine was captured and scuttled in the North Atlantic Ocean off Maine by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][151]
Howard  United States American Civil War: The 148-ton schooner, bound from Bridgeport, Nova Scotia, to New York City with a cargo of coal, was captured and scuttled in the North Atlantic Ocean off Maine by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][151]
Mary A. Howes  United States American Civil War: The 61-ton schooner was captured and scuttled in the North Atlantic Ocean off Maine by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][151]
Restless  United States American Civil War: The 50-ton fishing schooner was captured and scuttled in the North Atlantic Ocean off New England by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][151]

16 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 16 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Leopard  United States American Civil War: The 74-ton schooner, carrying a cargo of wood to Boston, Massachusetts, was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off Maine by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][151]
Magnolia  United States American Civil War: The 35-ton fishing schooner was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off Maine by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][151]
P. C. Alexander  United States American Civil War: The 283-ton bark, on a voyage in ballast from New York City to Pictou, Nova Scotia, was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off Maine by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][151]
Pearl  United States American Civil War: The 42-ton fishing schooner was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off Maine by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128]
Sarah Louise  United States American Civil War: Carrying a cargo of wood, the 81-ton schooner was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off Maine by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][130]

17 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Josiah Achom  United States American Civil War: The 123-ton schooner, on a voyage in ballast from Portland, Maine, to Lingan, Nova Scotia, was captured and destroyed in the North Atlantic Ocean off Maine by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][130]
Miller (or J. H. Miller)  United States American Civil War: The 68-ton sternwheel paddle steamer, carrying a cargo of commissary supplies and mail, was captured and burned by Confederate forces on the Arkansas River in Arkansas 20 miles (32 km) from Pine Bluff.[152]
North America  United States American Civil War: The 87-ton fishing schooner was captured and scuttled in the North Atlantic Ocean off Maine by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][130]

18 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Highland Chief  United States The 342-ton sternwheel paddle steamer sank in the Ohio River 2 miles (3.2 km) above Vevay, Indiana, with the loss of five lives after colliding with Major Anderson (flag unknown).[15]

20 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Roan  United States American Civil War: The 127-ton brig was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean south of Halifax, Nova Scotia, by the merchant raider CSS Tallahassee ( Confederate States Navy).[147][128][153]

22 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Courier  United States The 258-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was destroyed on the Ohio River at the mouth of the Cache River between Cairo and Mound City, Illinois, by a fire that began while she was transferring stores to the steamer Volunteer (flag unknown).[15]

26 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 August 1864
Ship Country Description
Emma Boyd  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The 172-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag in the Alabama River at Selma, Alabama.[154]

31 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 August 1864
Ship Country Description
John Swasy  United States The 236-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River at Devil's Island above Cape Girardeau, Missouri.[155]
Mary Bowers  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: While attempting to run the Union blockade into Charleston, South Carolina, with a cargo of coal and general merchandise, the 550- or 680-ton iron-hulled sidewheel paddle steamer struck the wreck of the screw steamer SS Georgiana ( Confederate States of America) and sank 3 to 4 nautical miles (5.6 to 7.4 km) off Long Island, South Carolina, east of Breach Inlet at 32°46′47″N 79°45′35″W / 32.77972°N 79.75972°W / 32.77972; -79.75972 (Mary Bowers), becoming a total loss.[128][156]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date August 1864
Ship Country Description
Houqua  United States The clipper disappeared without trace after departing Yokohama, Japan, on 15 August bound for New York City. She may have foundered in a typhoon.
Martha  United States The lighthouse tender was captured and burned by Confederate forces in Chandeleur Sound near Mason's Keep on the coast of Louisiana.[110]
Unidentified wharf boat  United States American Civil War: Loaded with government stores, the wharf boat was burned by Confederate forces at Owensboro, Kentucky.[157]

September[edit]

1 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 September 1864
Ship Country Description
William V. Gillum  United States The 70-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was wrecked in the Gulf of Mexico during a voyage from New Orleans, Louisiana, to Matamoros, Mexico. Her crew was rescued a few days later by the schooner Cory (Bandera del Segundo Imperio Mexicano (1864-1867).svg Mexico).[141]

2 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 September 1864
Ship Country Description
Scioto  United States The 389-ton screw steamer collided with Arctic (flag unknown) and sank in Lake Erie at Dunkirk, New York.[149]

3 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 September 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Brandywine  United States Navy American Civil War: The receiving ship was destroyed by an accidental fire at the Gosport Navy Yard in Portsmouth, Virginia.[46]

4 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 September 1862
Ship Country Description
Agnes Louisa  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The 578-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was wrecked on Hog Island in the Bahamas while outbound for a blockade-running voyage to Charleston, South Carolina. She apparently became a total loss[158]

5 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 September 1864
Ship Country Description
Henry Fitzhugh  United States Laid up at the mouth of the Licking River in Kentucky, the 217-ton sternwheel paddle steamer capsized when the river flooded. Her cabin broke free after she capsized.[13]

9 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 September 1864
Ship Country Description
Fawn  United States American Civil War: The steamboat was captured and burned by sailors from the ironclad ram CSS Albemarle ( Confederate States Navy) and Confederate guerrillas at the Currituck Bridge in the Dismal Swamp Canal in Virginia with the loss of one killed and several wounded.[159]

10 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 September 1864
Ship Country Description
Florie  Confederate States of America The 349-gross ton sidewheel paddle steamer was lost when she struck a wreck on the Cape Fear River in North Carolina.[38]

12 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 September 1864
Ship Country Description
John J. Roe  United States American Civil War: Carrying the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry Regiment ( Union Army), the 691-ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank up to her roof in the Mississippi River above New Madrid, Missouri, killing 165 of the regiment′s horses.[155]

13 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 September 1864
Ship Country Description
Alice Price (or Alice C. Price)  United States Army American Civil War: A Confederate mine sank the sidewheel transport in the St. Johns River in Florida near Mandarin Point.[29]

18 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 September 1864
Ship Country Description
Mary  United States The barque was wrecked in Uda Gulf in the western Sea of Okhotsk during a gale. She was sold to Otto Wilhelm Lindholm, who salvaged some of the wreck the following year.[160][161]

19 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 September 1864
Ship Country Description
Industrious  United Kingdom The brig was wrecked off Port Eynon, Glamorgan, Wales. Her crew survived. She was on a voyage from Llanelli, Glamorgan to Malta.[39]
Island Queen  United States American Civil War: The steamer was captured and burned in Lake Erie off Middle Bass Island, Ohio, by Confederate agents aboard the captured steamer Philo Parsons ( United States).
Philo Parsons  United States American Civil War: The steamer was captured by Confederate agents in Lake Erie. Later in the day, they burned her off Sandusky, Ohio.

21 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 September 1864
Ship Country Description
Gertrude  United States The 70-ton sidewheel paddle steamer foundered at College Point in Louisiana with the loss of six lives.[162]

23 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 September 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Antelope  United States Navy American Civil War: The sternwheel paddle steamer was beached in a sinking condition after striking a snag in the Mississippi River above New Orleans, Louisiana, and subsequently was stripped and abandoned.[128][163]
Lavina Logan  United States The 145-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was lost on the Mississippi River.[19]

25 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 September 1864
Ship Country Description
Lynx  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The steamer, a blockade runner carrying a cargo of cotton, was set ablaze off Wilmington, North Carolina, by gunfire from the screw steamers USS Howquah and USS Niphon and the hermaphrodite brig USS Governor Buckingham (all  United States Navy) and chased ashore, where the fire destroyed her during the ensuing night. Her crew escaped, although one crew member was wounded by a sharpshooter aboard one of the U.S. Navy ships.[128][164]

26 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 September 1864
Ship Country Description
Lynx  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Chased by the hermaphrodite brig USS Governor Buckingham and the armed screw steamers USS Howquah and USS Niphon (all  United States Navy) while attempting to run the Union blockade with a cargo of cotton, gold, and Confederate bonds, the 372-gross ton sidewheel paddle steamer took several shell hits from the pursuing warships while crossing New Inlet Bar and ran aground on the coast of North Carolina 5 miles (8 km) north of Fort Fisher. Her crew set her on fire and the U.S. warships continued to shell her, killing one person on board and wounding another. The fire and shelling destroyed her.[165]
Mandamis
(or Mondamin)
 United States American Civil War: The bark, in ballast, was captured and destroyed in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northeast coast of South America by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy).[102][128]
Mary Celestia  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: During a blockade-running voyage with a cargo of bacon, rifle-muskets, and ammunition, the 314-gross ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a rock off Bermuda just south of Gibbs Lighthouse and sank in less than eight minutes in 60 feet (18 meters) of water at 32°12′10″N 64°42′15″W / 32.20278°N 64.70417°W / 32.20278; -64.70417 (Mary Celestia).[166]

27 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 September 1864
Ship Country Description
CSS North Carolina  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: Suffering from a number of bad leaks due to poor hull construction, the casemate ironclad foundered near the mouth of the Cape Fear River off Smithville, North Carolina at 33°54′49″N 78°1′8″W / 33.91361°N 78.01889°W / 33.91361; -78.01889 (CSS North Carolina).
Unidentified boats  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: A Union flotilla destroyed 17 Confederate boats on the Potomac River off Charles County, Maryland.[80]

29 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 September 1864
Ship Country Description
Night Hawk  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The steamer, a blockade runner, was forced aground and burned on the coast of North Carolina off Fort Fisher by the screw steamer USS Niphon ( United States Navy).[128]

30 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 September 1864
Ship Country Description
Ogdensburg  United States The 352-ton screw steamer sank after colliding with the schooner Snow Bird (flag unknown) at Fairport, Ohio.[157]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknwon date September 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Picket Boat No. 2  United States Navy During a voyage from New York City to Hampton Roads, Virginia, the screw torpedo boat sank on rocks on the coast of New Jersey near Bergen Point. She was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.[167]
Platte Valley  United States The sidewheel paddle steamer sank in the Mississippi River at Devil's Island. She later was refloated.[43]
Washoe  United States The 385- or 500-ton steamer was sunk by a boiler explosion above the Hog's Back in Steamboat Slough in California on 4 or 5 September, killing 36 people and seriously injuring another 36, several of whom later died. She later was refloated and repaired.[105]

October[edit]

1 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 October 1864
Ship Country Description
Condor  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Pursued by the screw steamer USS Niphon ( United States Navy), the 285-, 300-, or 446-ton sidewheel paddle steamer, a blockade runner, was deliberately run aground and wrecked off New Inlet on the coast of North Carolina when her pilot mistook the wreck of Night Hawk for a blockading U.S. Navy warship in the darkness. Intense Confederate fire from Fort Fisher prevented Niphon′s crew from destroying Condor. Confederate spy Rose O'Neal Greenhow tried to reach shore in one of Condor′s boats, but drowned when the boat overturned in heavy surf.[128][168]

6 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 October 1864
Ship Country Description
Constance (or Constance Decima)  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The 140-ton sidewheel paddle steamer, a blockade runner en route from Nova Scotia to Charleston, South Carolina, with a cargo of weapons and possibly gold, was sunk off the coast of South Carolina.[128][169] One account reports her to have been forced aground and sunk off the Isle of Palms by the gunboat USS Wamsutta ( United States Navy);[128] according to another, she struck the wreck of the screw steamer Georgiana ( Confederate States of America) and sank one nautical mile (1.8 km) out from and 2 nautical miles (3.7 km) east of Breach Inlet, between 640 and 680 yards (585 and 622 meters) from the site of the wrecks of Georgiana and the sidewheel paddle steamer Mary Bowers ( United Kingdom).[169]
Henry S. Dickerson  United States The 57-ton screw steamer exploded on the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri, killing five people.[139]

7 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 October 1864
Ship Country Description
Annie  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The steamer, a blockade runner, was run aground at New Inlet, North Carolina, by the armed tug USS Aster ( United States Navy).[128]
USS Aster  United States Navy American Civil War, Union blockade: The armed tug ran hard aground on the Carolina Shoals near New Inlet off North Carolina. She was set on fire the next day to prevent her capture by Confederate forces, and eventually exploded.[170]

8 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8October 1864
Ship Country Description
USS Picket Boat No. 2  United States Navy American Civil War: The torpedo boat ran aground on a sandbar in Great Wicomico Bay, Virginia, while under attack by Confederate guerrillas and was was forced to surrender. When the armed steamer USS Commodore Read and the USS Mercury[disambiguation needed] (both  United States Navy) began to shell her, the Confederates scuttled her. Union forces recaptured her wreck on 19 October.[128][171]

9 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 October 1864
Ship Country Description
Roanoke  United States American Civil War: The mail steamer was burned in the Atlantic Ocean off St. George's, Bermuda, by Confederate agents. The Confederates had seized control of her on 29 September, soon after she departed Havana, Cuba, for a voyage to New York City, and had shot and thrown overboard one member of her crew during the incident.[128][172][173][119]

10 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 October 1864
Ship Country Description
Henry  United Kingdom Carrying assorted cargo, the brig was wrecked on Block Island off the coast of Rhode Island.[73]
Leighton  United States The bark was capsized by a tornado in the harbor at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with the loss of one life.[174]

16 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 16 October 1864
Ship Country Description
J. C. Irwin  United States The 145-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was wrecked by a boiler explosion with the loss of between eight and 11 lives on the Cumberland River at Big Eddy Towhead in Kentucky, 10 miles (16 km) above Eddyville, Kentucky.[175][176]

19 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 October 1864
Ship Country Description
Cornelia Terry Unknown The vessel was lost off the coast of Oregon in Yaquina Bay.[177]
W. I. Maclay  United States The 245-ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River below St. Louis, Missouri.[137]

21 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 October 1864
Ship Country Description
General Ward  United States The 70-ton screw steamer exploded at Shanghai, China, leaving only one survivor.[140]

22 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 October 1864
Ship Country Description
Flora  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The 437-ton sidewheel paddle steamer, a blockade runner carrying assorted cargo, was run ashore off Charleston, South Carolina, by the gunboats USS Mingoe and USS Wamsutta, the armed tug USS Geranium, and picket launches (all  United States Navy). She was destroyed by gunfire on 23 October by U.S. Navy monitors and Union artillery on Morris Island, taking at least 98 hits.[128][178]

23 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 October 1864
Ship Country Description
Flamingo  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The 283-, 284-, or 446-ton sidewheel paddle steamer ran aground on Sullivan's Island in Charleston Harbor off Charleston, South Carolina.[128][115] One source claims she was destroyed there by gunfire from Union artillery at Fort Putnam, Fort Strong, and Battery Chatfield and ships of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron ( United States Navy);[128] another source claims she was refloated, continued to run the Union blockade in 1865, and survived the American Civil War.[115]

26 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 October 1864
Ship Country Description
Kenosha  United States The 645-ton screw steamer burned at Sarnia, Ontario.[146]
Sophie McLane (or Sophie McLean)  United States The paddle steamer was sunk by a boiler explosion at Suisun Bay Wharf in California, with 13 people killed or missing. She later was salvaged.[179]

27 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 October 1864
Ship Country Description
CSS Albemarle  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: While at anchor in the Roanoke River at Plymouth, North Carolina, the ironclad ram was sunk by a United States Navy launch crew using a spar torpedo. The U.S. Navy later raised her and repaired her hull, but sold her for scrap without placing her in service.[180]
John A. Fisher  United States The 122-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River at Carroll Island below St. Louis, Missouri.[155]

28 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 October 1864
Ship Country Description
Empress  United States The 854-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned on the Mississippi River at Island No. 34 by cavalry under the command of General Nathan Bedford Forrest ( Confederate States Army). She also is reported to gave struck a snag and broken in two.[18]

29 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 October 1864
Ship Country Description
Alina  United States American Civil War: The 574-ton bark, carrying a cargo of railway iron to Buenos Aires, Argentina, on her maiden voyage, was captured and scuttled in the North Atlantic Ocean by the merchant raider CSS Shenandoah ( Confederate States Navy).[181][182][183]
Mazeppa  United States American Civil War: The 184-ton sternwheel paddle steamer, en route from Cincinnati, Ohio, towing two barges carrying flour, shoes, blankets, arms, hardtack, clothing, and other goods, was abandoned on the west bank of the Tennessee River in Tennessee after she suffered damage from Confederate States Army artillery fire while passing Paris Landing. When United States Navy gunboats approached that night, Confederate forces burned her and the two barges 2 miles (3.2 km) above and across from Fort Henry.[184]

30 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 October 1864
Ship Country Description
Anna  United States American Civil War: Damaged earlier by artillery batteries under the command of Leiutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest ( Confederate States Army) while passing Paris Landing, Tennessee, on the Tennessee River, the 110-ton sidewheel paddle steamer sank in the Tennessee River before she could reach Paducah, Kentucky.[185]
Universe  United States The 399-ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River at Plum Point, Tennessee, with the loss of 17 lives.[183]
Two unidentified barges  United States The empty barges were captured with the sidewheel paddle steamer Venus ( United States) on the Tennessee River at Paris Landing in Tennessee by Confederate States Army forces. They were destroyed.[186]

31 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 October 1864
Ship Country Description
Aphrodite  United States Transporting 510 U.S. Navy recruits from New York City to the blockading squadrons off the coast of the Confederate States of America in the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico, the chartered 1,098-ton screw steamer ran aground on a shoal in Core Sound on the coast of North Carolina 12 nautical miles (22 km) northeast of Cape Lookout. The armed sidewheel paddle steamers USS Keystone State and USS Shokokon (both  United States Navy) arrived on 4 November and rescued Aphrodite′s passengers and crew and removed her cargo. Aphrodite later bilged and broke in two.[170]
David Hughes  United States Army Carrying government supplies and towing a barge loaded with stores, the steamer was captured and burned by Confederate guerrillas on the Cumberland River 15 miles (24 km) above Clarksville, Tennessee.[92]
Dunleith  United States The 155-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River at Island No. 67.[54]
Emma L. Hall  United States American Civil War: The 492-ton bark, carrying a cargo of sugar and molasses from Cárdenas, Cuba, to New York City, was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off New York within 50 nautical miles (93 km) of her destination by the merchant raider CSS Chickamauga ( Confederate States Navy).[187][128][149]
Shooting Star  United States American Civil War: The 947-ton full-rigged ship, carrying a cargo of coal, was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off New York at 39°20′N 70°00′W / 39.333°N 70.000°W / 39.333; -70.000 (Shooting Star) by the merchant raider CSS Chickamauga ( Confederate States Navy).[187][128][87]
Unidentified barge  United States Army Loaded with stores and under tow by the steamer David Hughes ( United States), the barge was captured and burned by Confederate guerrillas on the Cumberland River 15 miles (24 km) above Clarksville, Tennessee.[188]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date October 1864
Ship Country Description
Amily  United Kingdom The screw steamer sank in Lake Erie off Long Point, Ontario.[157]
Belle Peoria  United States The sidewheel paddle steamer ran onto a bar in the Missouri River in the Dakota Territory 5 miles (8 km) above the mouth of the Cheyenne River.[104]
C.S.M.  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The steamer sank at a wharf in Mobile Bay, Alabama, in mid-October after a collision with the steamer Mary ( Confederate States of America), a guard boat.[154]
West Wind  United States American Civil War: Disabled by Confederate States Army artillery fire and captured by Confederate forces, the 350-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned by the Confederates on the Missouri River at Glasgow, Missouri, on either 16 or 17 October.[148]
Three unidentified schooners  Confederate States of America American Civil War: Confederate forces scuttled the schooners as blockships in the Roanoke River in North Carolina.[94]

November[edit]

1 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Goodspeed  United States American Civil War: The 283-ton schooner, in ballast, was captured and scuttled in the North Atlantic Ocean off Block Island, off the coast of Rhode Island, by the merchant raider CSS Chickamauga ( Confederate States Navy).[187][128][73]
Empress Theresa  United States American Civil War: The bark, of either 312 or 663 tons (sources disagree) was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off the Delaware Capes by the merchant raider CSS Olustee ( Confederate States Navy).[128][189][9]
Otter Rock  United States American Civil War: The 91-ton schooner, carrying a cargo of potatoes, was captured and scuttled in the North Atlantic Ocean off Block Island, off the coast of Rhode Island, by the merchant raider CSS Chickamauga ( Confederate States Navy).[187][128][73]
Winslow  United States The 265-ton screw steamer sank after colliding with another vessel at Cleveland, Ohio.[146]

3 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 November 1864
Ship Country Description
A. J. Bird  United States American Civil War: The 182-ton schooner was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off the Delaware Capes by the merchant raider CSS Olustee ( Confederate States Navy).[128][190]
Arcole  United States American Civil War: The 663-ton full-rigged ship was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off Sandy Hook, New Jersey, by the merchant raider CSS Olustee ( Confederate States Navy).[128][148][191]
E. F. Lewis  United States American Civil War: The 119-ton schooner was captured and destroyed in the North Atlantic Ocean off the Delaware Capes by the merchant raider CSS Olustee ( Confederate States Navy).[128][9]
J. W. Cheeseman  United States American Civil War: The 215-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was burned by Confederate States Army troops on the Tennessee River below Johnsonville, Tennessee. They had captured her with a cargo of commissary stores and furniture on the Tennessee River near Paris Landing and White Oak Island on 30 October.[192]
Robert Emmert (or Robert Emmet)  United States The 178-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River at St. Aubert’s Island.[193]
T. D. Wagner  United States American Civil War: The brig was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean near Sandy Hook, New Jersey, by the merchant raider CSS Olustee ( Confederate States Navy).[128][57][194]
Vapor  United States American Civil War: The 312-ton schooner was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean off Sandy Hook, New Jersey, by the merchant raider CSS Olustee ( Confederate States Navy).[128][57][195]

4 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Arcola  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The 203-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee.[92]
Aurora  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The 331-ton screw steamer was burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee.[92]
Celeste  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The barge was scuttled and burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate States Army forces.[92]
Chickamauga  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The barge was scuttled and burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate States Army forces.[92]
Doan No. 2  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The 250-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee.[196]
Duke  United States The 123-ton sternwheel paddle steamer burned on the Cumberland River in Tennessee.[197]
Eagle Coal Co.  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The barge was scuttled and burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate States Army forces.[197]
USS Elfin  United States Navy American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: Heavily damaged by Confederate States Army artillery, the tinclad gunboat was burned by her crew in the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee.[128][197]
Goody Friends  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The 195-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was burned by Union forces on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate States Army troops.[197]
J. B. Ford  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The 197-ton steamer was burned by Union forces on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate States Army troops.[197]
J. H. Doane  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The barge was scuttled and burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate States Army forces.[197]
Josephine  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The barge was scuttled and burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate States Army forces.[198]
Kentucky  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The barge was scuttled and burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate States Army forces.[192]
USS Key West  United States Navy American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: Heavily damaged by Confederate States Army artillery, the gunboat was run aground and burned by her crew in the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate forces.[128][192]
Mountaineer  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The 211-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was burned by Union forces on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee.[192]
USS Tawah  United States Navy American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: Heavily damaged by Confederate States Army artillery, the gunboat was burned by her crew in the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee.[128][199]
T. H. U. S. 57  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The barge was scuttled and burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate States Army forces.[188]
USS Undine  United States Navy American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: Operated by a Confederate crew after her capture on 30 October by Confederate forces but not renamed or commissioned into Confederate service, the gunboat was burned by her crew in the Tennessee River off Reynoldsburg Island near Johnsonville, Tennessee. She exploded when the flames reached her ammunition magazine.[128][188]
U.S. No. 22  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The barge was scuttled and burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate States Army forces.[188]
U.S. No. 44  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The barge was scuttled and burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate States Army forces.[188]
Venus  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The 235-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was burned by Union forces on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate States Army forces.[188]
Whale No. 8  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The barge was scuttled and burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent her capture by Confederate States Army forces.[200]
Two unnamed barges  United States American Civil War, Battle of Johnsonville: The barges were scuttled and burned on the Tennessee River off Johnsonville, Tennessee, to prevent their capture by Confederate States Army forces.[201]

5 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Charter Oak  United States American Civil War: The 150-ton schooner was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean by the merchant raider CSS Shenandoah ( Confederate States Navy).[181][182]
Fawn  United States American Civil War: The 25-ton steamer was captured and burned at the Buffalo Shoals on the Big Sandy River between Kentucky and West Virginia by the 34th Virginia Cavalry Battalon ( Confederate States Army). (This may be the same shipwreck as the 11 November shipwreck of a steamer named Fawn).[119]
James White  United States American Civil War: The 662-ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in 13 feet (4 meters) of water in the Mississippi River at Island Number Ten with the loss of 15 lives.[155]
R. H. Barnum  United States American Civil War: The 30-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was captured and burned at the Buffalo Shoals on the Big Sandy River between Kentucky and West Virginia by the 34th Virginia Cavalry Battalon ( Confederate States Army).[119]
CSS Spray  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The 105-ton armed tug was scuttled by the Confederates in the St. Marys River in Florida to prevent her capture by Union forces.[14]
Unidentified sloop  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The sloop, loaded with cotton and turpentine, ran aground on Sullivan's Island in front of Fort Moultrie at Charleston, South Carolina. The monitor USS Patapsco ( United States Navy) shelled her, hitting her three times and setting her afire.[128][202]

7 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Buckskin  United States American Civil War: After being captured by Confderate guerrillas, the sloop was recaptured and burned on Chopawamsic Creek by the armed screw steamer USS Anacostia ( United States Navy).[46]

7-8 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7-8 November 1864
Ship Country Description
D. Godfrey  United States American Civil War: Carrying a cargo of mess beef and pork from Boston, Massachusetts, the 299-ton bark was captured, burned, and sunk in the North Atlantic Ocean southwest of the Cape Verde Islands at 04°42′N 28°24′W / 4.700°N 28.400°W / 4.700; -28.400 by the merchant raider CSS Shenandoah ( Confederate States Navy) on either 7 or 8 November.[181][182][203]

10 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Susan  United States American Civil War: The 134-ton brigantine was captured and scuttled in the North Atlantic Ocean southwest of the Cape Verde Islands by the merchant raider CSS Shenandoah ( Confederate States Navy).[181][182][87]

11 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 11 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Fawn  United States The 36-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was burned on the Big Sandy River between Kentucky and West Virginia. (This may be the same shipwreck as the 5 November shipwreck of a steamer named Fawn).[119]
USS Tulip  United States Navy The gunboat suffered a boiler explosion and sank in the Potomac River off Piney Point, Maryland. The explosion killed 49 men. The tug Hudson ( United States Army) rescued 10 survivors, two of whom later died of their injuries.[133]

12 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Kate Prince  United States American Civil War: The 1,100-ton clipper, carrying a cargo of coal, was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean by the merchant raider CSS Shenandoah ( Confederate States Navy).[181][182]

13 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Lizzie M. Stacey  United States American Civil War: The 140-ton schooner was captured and burned in the North Atlantic Ocean by the merchant raider CSS Shenandoah ( Confederate States Navy).[181][182]

18 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Desirée  France The smack was driven ashore in Oxwich Bay, Wales. Her five crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Le Havre, Seine-Maritime, France, to Swansea, Glamorgan, Wales, United Kingdom.[39]
Hectorine  United Kingdom The schooner was driven ashore and wrecked at Llangennith, Glamorgan, Wales. Her crew survived.[39]
The Lady of the Lake  United Kingdom The vessel foundered in Oxwich Bay, Wales.[39]
Lancaster No. 4  United States The 218-ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River below Portland, Missouri.[19]

22 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Katie  United States The 180-ton sternwheel paddle steamer sank in the Ohio River at Diamond Island with the loss of one life nine minutes after colliding with Des Moines (flag unknown).[45]

24 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Iwanowa Unknown The full-rigged ship was lost off Cape Flattery on the coast of Washington Territory.[101]
Louisa Unknown American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was chased ashore by the gunboat USS Chocura ( United States Navy) on the bar off the San Bernard River off the coast of Texas, where a heavy gale completely destroyed her before Union forces could board her.[128][49]
Ork Unknown The vessel was wrecked on the Umpqua River Bar at the mouth of the Umpqua River off the coast of Oregon.[177]
Shrapnel  United States Army The steamer sank in a canal in Virginia while on her way to Norfolk, Virginia, for repairs.[27]

25 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Francis Skiddy  United States The 1,183- or 1,235-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was stranded on a reef in the Hudson River 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Albany, New York.[149]
L and R Smith  United States Carrying a cargo of coal, the schooner sank in the North Atlantic Ocean 21 nautical miles (39 km) east of Cape Henry, Virginia.[1]
William L. Ewing  United States The 335-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was stranded on the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri.[137]

26 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Sagamore Unknown Carrying a cargo of granite and cobbles, the schooner foundered in a storm in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California four miles (6.4 km) above Point Pinole.[126]

27 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Greyhound  United States American Civil War: The 380-, 400-, or 900-ton sidewheel paddle steamer, serving as headquarters ship for Major General Benjamin Butler ( United States Army), was destroyed by an explosion and fire on the James River in Virginia 5 to 6 miles (8 to 10 km) below Bermuda Hundred. Union forces assessed the cause of the explosion as a "coal torpedo" – a charge of gunpowder disguised as a lump of coal – planted by Confederate saboteurs. All aboard, including Butler, Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter ( United States Navy), and Major General Robert C. Schenk ( United States Army), survived, ut horses belonging to Butler and his staff died in the sinking.[128][47][204]

28 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Charlie Potwan  United States Carrying a cargo of slack coal, the 52-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was swamped by the wakes of the passing Diamond and Coal Hill (nationalities unknown), filled with water, capsized, and sank without loss of life at Eightmile Island on the Ohio River above Point Pleasant, West Virginia. Her cabin separated from her hull and floated downstream.[61]
Doane  United States Carrying forage and freight, the 250-ton sternwheel paddle steamer ran aground, broke in two, and sank in 6 feet (1.8 meters) of water in the Arkansas River in Arkansas about 20 miles (32 km) above Dardanelle and 18 miles (29 km) east of Clarksville.[205]
CSS Florida  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: While in United States Navy custody, the captured sloop-of-war, leaking after a collision on 19 November with the United States Army Transport USAT Alliance ( United States) at Newport News, Virginia, sank in the James River below Newport News at 37°04′24″N 76°32′35″W / 37.0732°N 76.5431°W / 37.0732; -76.5431 (CSS Florida (cruiser)) after her seacocks were opened.[120]

29 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 November 1864
Ship Country Description
Unidentified schooner  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: During a voyage to Matagorda, Texas, the 100-ton schooner, possibly named Carrie Mair, was forced aground and destroyed by the gunboat USS Itasca ( United States Navy) on the coast of Texas about 5 miles (8 km) northeast of De Crow’s Point.[66]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date November 1864
Ship Country Description
Beatrice  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The 342-gross ton screw steamer, a blockade runner bound from Nassau in the Bahamas, to Charleston, South Carolina, with a cargo that included artillery shells, was destroyed on the coast of South Carolina off Charleston, but sources differ on the date and circustances of her destruction. According to one account, she was captured by picket boats of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron ( United States Navy) on 27 November, then was wrecked on Morris Island while under control of a U.S. Navy prize crew, becoming a total loss;[128] according to another source, she took several shell hits from U.S. Navy warships and ran aground on Drunken Dick Shoal on 29 November, then was boarded by several boatloads of U.S. Navy sailors who captured 30 of her 35 crew and burned her.[206]
Belle  United Kingdom The schooner foundered in Lake Erie off Long Point, Ontario.[157]
City of Buffalo  United States The 2,026-ton screw steamer sank in Lake Erie off Long Point, Ontario.[157]
CSS Danube  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The