List of shipwrecks in 1978

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The list of shipwrecks in 1978 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1978.

table of contents
1978
Jan Feb Mar Apr
May Jun Jul Aug
Sep Oct Nov Dec
Unknown date

January[edit]

7 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 January 1978
Ship Country Description
Bolero  Honduras Sank in the Black Sea off Kilyos, Turkey.[1]

12 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 January 1978
Ship Country Description
Function  United Kingdom Grounded on the quayside at Wells-next-the-Sea, Norfolk due to surge tide.[2] Ship cut up for scrap later that month.[3]
Holmar  Netherlands The coaster capsized and sank 15 nautical miles (28 km) north east of Flamborough Head, Yorkshire with the loss of five crew.[2]
Sea Diamond  Greece The cargo ship foundered off Lowestoft, Suffolk with the loss of seven crew.[2]
MV Gloriosa  Cyprus The cargo ship foundered off the coast of Norfolk, United Kingdom. Five crew killed.[2]

13 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 January 1978
Ship Country Description
Duperré  Marine Nationale The destroyer was driven ashore off the coast of Brittany. A total of 233 crew removed by French Coastguard helicopter. Ship refloated by a French tug.[4]

26 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 January 1978
Ship Country Description
USS Ross  United States Navy The Fletcher-class destroyer was sunk as a target off Puerto Rico.

February[edit]

2 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 February 1978
Ship Country Description
Orion  United Kingdom The oil rig, being towed on a barge, ran aground at Guernsey, Channel Islands, when the tow broke in a storm. Her crew were rescued by the St. Peter Port Lifeboat and Royal Navy helicopters.[5]

3 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 February 1978
Ship Country Description
Maria Dormio  Italy The cargo ship sprang a leak an sank in the Tyrrhenian Sea 56 nautical miles (104 km) south west of Cape Miseno.[6]

10 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 February 1978
Ship Country Description
Eastern Saturn  United Kingdom The cargo ship sprang a leak and sank whilst on a voyage from Bangkok, Thailand to Apapa, Nigeria.[7]

23 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 February 1978
Ship Country Description
USS Rowe  United States Navy The Fletcher-class destroyer was sunk as a target off Puerto Rico.

March[edit]

16 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 16 March 1978
Ship Country Description
Amoco Cadiz  France
Amoco Cadiz.

Ran aground on Portsall Rocks, 3 nautical miles (5.6 km) off the coast of Brittany, loaded with 255,000 tonnes of crude oil.

23 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 March 1978
Ship Country Description
Kronos  Greece struck by MV Romanza whilst berthed at Piraeus. Declared a constructive total loss.

April[edit]

1 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 April 1978
Ship Country Description
Federal St Laurent  Liberia Collision with Chimo and grounded at Grondines, Quebec, Canada. Refloated on 4 April and returned to service.[8]

7 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 April 1978
Ship Country Description
Astron  Soviet Union
Astron, 2008.

The cargo ship ran aground at Punta Cana, Dominican Republic and was wrecked.

14 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 April 1978
Ship Country Description
Henrietta B  Denmark The coaster foundered 50 nautical miles (93 km) off The Lizard, Cornwall. All thirteen crew rescued by a French warship.[9]

May[edit]

6 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 May 1978
Ship Country Description
Eleni V  Greece The tanker collided with bulk carrier Roseline ( France) off the Norfolk coast and capsized, remaining afloat for a number of days afterwards.[10] Bow section blown up and sunk on 1 June.[11] About 5,000 tonnes of heavy fuel oil were spilt.[12]

12 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 May 1978
Ship Country Description
Zeehaan  South Africa Foundered at 20°42′S 12°46′E / 20.700°S 12.767°E / -20.700; 12.767.[13]

June[edit]

13 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 June 1978
Ship Country Description
Yellowstone  United States The bulk carrier collided with cargo ship Ibn Batouta ( Algeria) and sank off Gibraltar.[14]

17 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 June 1978
Ship Country Description
Whippoorwill  United States The tourist boat capsized on Pomona Lake in Franklin County, Kansas, after a tornado hit her. Sixteen of the 58 people on board drowned.

28 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 June 1978
Ship Country Description
Margaret Smith  United Kingdom Sank off Yarmouth, Isle of Wight.

July[edit]

8 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 July 1978
Ship Country Description
USS Sealion  United States Navy The Balao-class submarine was sunk as a targeXGSNt in the Atlantic Ocean off Newport, Rhode Island.

23 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 July 1978
Ship Country Description
Jayawang  Singapore Sank off Bangkok, Thailand. Raised in November 1979 and moved to new anchorage but sank again.

30 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 July 1978
Ship Country Description
Locuste  French Navy The Aloe-class net laying ship struck a reef in the Pacific Ocean off Cikobia Island, Fiji, and sank.

August[edit]

3 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 August 1978
Ship Country Description
SAS Transvaal  South African Navy The Loch-class frigate was scuttled in Smitswinkel Bay.

24 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 August 1978
Ship Country Description
Mary Weston  United Kingdom The coaster collided with Macasse ( Ivory Coast) and sank in the Seine 16 nautical miles (30 km) downstream of Rouen, France with the loss of four of her five crew.[15][16]

27 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 August 1978
Ship Country Description
USS Cree  United States Navy The decommissioned Cherokee-class fleet tug was sunk as a target.

September[edit]

1 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 September 1978
Ship Country Description
Jolly Azzuro  Panama The cargo ship collided with Atlantico ( Spain) in the Strait of Gibraltar and sank. Atlantico sustained severe damage to her bows.[17]

8 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 September 1978
Ship Country Description
Bandeirante  Norway The tanker collided with the bulk carrier Maroudio ( Greece) and sank off Ouessant, France. The bulk carrier August Pacific ( United Kingdom) washed out her tanks in the area where the accident occurred. She was forced to stop by L'Alerte ( Marine Nationale) after ignoring demands from the dredger Baccarat ( France) to stop. Her captain was fined ₣50,000 (then £5,800) for illegally discharging the oil.[18]

20 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 September 1978
Ship Country Description
Angel  Japan The cargo ship collided with Dignity ( Greece) 45 nautical miles (83 km) off Oporto, Portugal and sank with the loss of eleven of her 24 crew.[19]

29 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 September 1978
Ship Country Description
Puerto Princesa  Philippines Typhoon Lola: The cargo ship drove into Fides Orient ( Singapore) at Manila and was damaged beyond economic repair. Subsequently scrapped.[20]

October[edit]

3 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 October 1978
Ship Country Description
HMCS Kapuskasing  Canadian Forces Maritime Command The Algerine-class minesweeper was sunk as a target.

12 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 October 1978
Ship Country Description
Christos Bitas  Greece The tanker ran aground off the coast of Dyfed, Wales.[21]

18 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 October 1978
Ship Country Description
HMS Eagle  Royal Navy The aircraft carrier ran aground at Loch Ryan on her way to the breaker's yard. Later refloated and scrapped.[22]
USS Mackerel  United States Navy The T-1-class submarine was sunk as a target off Puerto Rico.

20 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 October 1978
Ship Country Description
USCGC Cuyahoga  United States Coast Guard Sank after collision with tanker Santa Cruz II ( Argentina).

30 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 October 1978
Ship Country Description
Nico Primo  Italy The cargo ship sank in the Peloponnesus with the loss of eight of her nine crew.[23]

31 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 October 1978
Ship Country Description
Christos Bitas  Greece The tanker was scuttled 320 nautical miles (590 km) west of Fastnet Rock, United Kingdom.[24]

November[edit]

8 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 November 1978
Ship Country Description
Glacier Queen  United States The floating hotel sank at anchor in Cook Inlet, Alaska. Ship was raised and scuttled further out to sea the next year.

16 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 16 November 1978
Ship Country Description
Manureva  France The sailboat disappeared along with her captain, Alain Colas, in the Atlantic Ocean near the Azores after Colas sent a final message on this date.

December[edit]

13 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 December 1978
Ship Country Description
München  West Germany Sunk in the Atlantic Ocean in a severe storm

30 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 December 1978
Ship Country Description
Ben Asdale  United Kingdom Fishing trawler wrecked in a blizzard off Falmouth, Cornwall. Three men drowned.[25]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1978
Ship Country Description
Pamela Joy  United Kingdom The tug was severely damaged by fire. Declared a constructive total loss and consequently scrapped.[26]
HMS Undaunted  Royal Navy The decommissioned U and V-class destroyer was sunk as a target in the Atlantic Ocean by an Exocet missile fired by the destroyer HMS Norfolk and a torpedo fired by the submarine HMS Swiftsure (both  Royal Navy).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Belgian Merchant P-Z" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 1 December 2010. [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d "Storms wreak havoc". The Times (60209). London. 13 January 1978. col C, p. 1. 
  3. ^ "Three die after worst snow of winter". The Times (60215). London. 20 January 1978. col D,E, p. 1. 
  4. ^ "French Navy ship rescued in storm off Brittany". The Times (60310). London. 14 January 1978. col B,C, p. 4. 
  5. ^ Howarth, Patrick. Lifeboat In Danger's Hour. London, New York, Sydney, Toronto: Hamlyn. p. 120. ISBN 0 600 34959 4. 
  6. ^ Mitchell, W H, and Sawyer, L A (1995). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press Ltd. p. not cited. ISBN 1-85044-275-4. 
  7. ^ "Laganbank". The Yard. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 
  8. ^ "Belgian Merchant A-G" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 1 October 2010. 
  9. ^ "Brittany oil coaster sinks off The Lizard". The Times (60277). London. 15 April 1978. col A, p. 1. 
  10. ^ "Difficulty of ship control in N Sea". The Times (60296). London. 9 May 1978. col G, p. 6. 
  11. ^ "Navy had no intention of destroying Eleni V hulk". The Times (60317). London. 2 June 1978. col G, p. 4. 
  12. ^ Eleni V
  13. ^ "Belgian Merchant H-O" (PDF). Belgische Koopvaardij. Retrieved 31 October 2010. [permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Holed American ship sinks". The Times (60327). London. 14 June 1978. col D, p. 6. 
  15. ^ "Little hope for crew in sunken ship". The Times (60389). London. 25 August 1978. col C, p. 1. 
  16. ^ "British ship sank in one minute". The Times (60390). London. 26 August 1978. col D, p. 3. 
  17. ^ "Cargo ship sinks after collision". The Times (60396). London. 2 September 1978. col G, p. 3. 
  18. ^ "French fine British captain for pollution". The Times (60404). London. 12 September 1978. col F,G, p. 5. 
  19. ^ "11 missing in collision off Oporto". The Times (60412). London. 20 September 1978. col A, p. 6. 
  20. ^ "Port Montreal". The Yard. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 
  21. ^ "Gales forecast as salvage team battles against time to save stricken tanker". The Times (60434). London. 17 October 1978. col D, p. 1. 
  22. ^ "HMS Eagle runs aground on way to breaker's yard". The Times (60436). London. 19 October 1978. col D, p. 1. 
  23. ^ "Eight crew missing". The Times (60446). London. 31 October 1978. col A, p. 7. 
  24. ^ "Master of sunk tanker says he dumped oil". The Times (60447). London. 1 November 1978. col A, p. 5. 
  25. ^ Mitchell, Peter. "Ben Asdale". Submerged. Retrieved 14 April 2012. 
  26. ^ "Flying Dipper". The Yard. Retrieved 11 March 2017. 

See also[edit]

Ship events in 1978
Ship launches: 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983
Ship commissionings: 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983
Ship decommissionings: 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983
Shipwrecks: 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983