List of shipwrecks in January 1944

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The list of shipwrecks in January 1944 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during January 1944.

January 1944
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31 Unknown date

1 January[edit]

For the loss of the German cargo ship Selma on this date, see the entry for 19 December 1943.
List of shipwrecks: 1 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Hecksee  Germany World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and sank off Anholt, Denmark.[1]
Kanaiyama Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship (a.k.a. Kinseison Maru) was damaged by a near miss during an air raid by American Consolidated PBY Catalina aircraft and sank near Lorengau, Manus Island, Admiralty Islands (02°03′S 147°27′E / 2.050°S 147.450°E / -2.050; 147.450). Survivors were rescued by CH-23 ( Imperial Japanese Navy).[2]).[3]
Nagoya Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Nagoya Maru-class aircraft transport was torpedoed and damaged in the Pacific Ocean off Aogashima (35°15′N 138°02′E / 35.250°N 138.033°E / 35.250; 138.033) by USS Herring ( United States Navy). One hundred and twenty military passengers, including a Rear Admiral and the Commanding Officer of Hyūga ( Imperial Japanese Navy, and one crewman were killed. She sank on 2 January.[4]
Okuyo Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary gunboat was torpedoed and sunk in Ambon Bay, Java, Netherlands East Indies by USS Ray ( United States Navy).[5][6]
Rio Grande  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was intercepted in the Atlantic Ocean by USS Jouett and USS Omaha (both  United States Navy). She was abandoned by her crew and then shelled and sunk. Seventy-two survivors were rescued by USS Marblehead ( United States Navy) on 8 January.[7]
Ryuyo Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean by USS Puffer ( United States Navy).[8]
Yildum  United Kingdom The cargo ship collided with Odysseus ( Greece) in the Atlantic Ocean and sank (48°44′N 59°13′W / 48.733°N 59.217°W / 48.733; -59.217).[9]

2 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Albert Gallatin  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Gulf of Oman 60 nautical miles (110 km) off the Arabian coast (21°21′N 59°58′W / 21.350°N 59.967°W / 21.350; -59.967) by I-26 and I-165 (both  Imperial Japanese Navy). Seventy-two survivors were rescued by Britannia ( Norway).[10][11][12]
Isshin Maru  Japan World War II: The Standard Type 1TL tanker was torpedoed and sunk in the East China Sea 23 nautical miles (43 km) north west of Naze, Kagoshima(28°36′N 129°03′E / 28.600°N 129.050°E / 28.600; 129.050) by USS Finback ( United States Navy). Lost with all 58 hands.[13]

3 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Bokuei Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea north west of Borneo by USS Kingfish ( United States Navy).[10]
Ryuei Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Standard Wartime Type 1TM tanker was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea north west of Miri, Borneo (06°03′N 110°02′E / 6.050°N 110.033°E / 6.050; 110.033) by USS Kingfish ( United States Navy). Forty-six crew were killed.[14]
Saisho Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean off Hokkaido by USS Tautog ( United States Navy).[15]
USS Turner  United States Navy The Gleaves-class destroyer suffered a series of onboard explosions, capsized and sank off the Ambrose Light, New York with the loss of 138 of her 256 crew.
Weserland  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was shelled and sunk in the South Atlantic by USS Somers ( United States Navy). One hundred and thirty survivors were rescued by USS Somers. The last survivors were rescued by Camocim ( Brazilian Navy) on 13 January.[16][17]

4 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Bokuei Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy HI-24: The Standard Wartime Type 1TM tanker was sunk in a collision with Terukuni Maru ( Japan) west of Moji (34°04′N 130°32′E / 34.067°N 130.533°E / 34.067; 130.533). One crewman was killed.[18]
Hakko Maru  Japan World War II: The tanker was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea by USS Bluefish ( United States Navy).[19]
Heimei Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy T: The transport ship was bombed and damaged at Kupang, Netherlands East Indies by B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the United States Army Air Force and Bristol Beaufighter aircraft of the Royal Australian Air Force. She was scuttled by shore batteries. Two crewmen were killed.[10][20]
M-36  Soviet Navy World War II: The M-class submarine struck a mine and sank in the Black Sea off the coast of Georgia during a trial run.[10][21]
No. 058  Soviet Navy World War II: The MO-4-class patrol vessel was lost on this date.[22]
USS PT-145  United States Navy World War II: The ELCO 80' class PT boat grounded and then was scuttled by USS PT-370 ( United States Navy) off Mindiri, Papua New Guinea (05°34′S 146°11′E / 5.567°S 146.183°E / -5.567; 146.183).[10][23]
Rio Grande  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was scuttled by her crew in the South Atlantic. Her demise was hastened by USS Jouett and USS Omaha (both  United States Navy). Seventy-two survivors were rescued by USS Marblehead ( United States Navy) on 8 January. The last survivors rescued by Camocim ( Brazilian Navy) on 13 January.[16][24][25]
Tamon Maru No. 8  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea off the coast of French Indochina by USS Cabrilla ( United States Navy).[10]
Usa Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean off Hokkaido by USS Tautog ( United States Navy).[15]

5 January[edit]

For the sinking of Empire Housman on this day, see the entry for 31 December 1943
List of shipwrecks: 5 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Burgenland  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was scuttled by her crew in the South Atlantic after being intercepted and shelled by USS Jouett and USS Omaha (both ( United States Navy). Twenty-one survivors were rescued by USS Davis ( United States Navy) on 7 January. Thirty-five survivors were rescued by USS Winslow ( United States Navy) on 8 January. The last survivors were rescued by Camocim ( Brazilian Navy) on 13 January.[16][26]
Kiyo Maru  Japan World War II: The tanker was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea (06°55′N 108°23′E / 6.917°N 108.383°E / 6.917; 108.383) by USS Rasher ( United States Navy). Lost with all 42 hands.[19]
HMS LCP(M) 17  Royal Navy World War II: The Landing Craft Personnel (mortar) was lost on this date.[27]
Pasman  Kriegsmarine World War II: The minelayer was wrecked while under tow in the Kozja Draga Bight off Ist Island. Demolished on 13/1/45 by a Boarding Party from Partizan ship NB 3.[28]
S 148  Kriegsmarine World War II: The S 139 Type Schnellboot struck a mine and sank in the Black Sea.[10]

6 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 January 1944
Ship Country Description
F 181A  Kriegsmarine World War II: The MFP-A landing craft was lost on this date.[29]
F 296A  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Marinefährprahm was torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea off Rapallo, Liguria, Italy by HMS Untiring ( Royal Navy).[10]
Helios  Germany World War II: The training ship was bombed and sunk at Stettin by Royal Air Force aircraft.[10]
No. 0131  Soviet Navy World War II: The MO-4-class patrol vessel was lost on this date.[22]
Polperro  Sweden World War II: The coaster was torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel by S 84 and S 136 (both  Kriegsmarine).[10]
Robert Erskine  United States The Liberty ship was wrecked in a gale at Bizerta, Algeria. She was a total loss.[30]
SG 20  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Escort, a former Generali-class torpedo Boat, was bombed and sunk while under repair at Genoa. Later raised.[31]
Solstad  Netherlands World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel by S 143 ( Kriegsmarine).[10]
USS St. Augustine  United States Navy The gunboat was in collision with Camas Meadows ( United States) in the Atlantic Ocean off Cape May, New Jersey and sank with the loss of 115 of her 145 crew.
Triton  Germany World War II: The survey ship was bombed and sunk at Stettin by Royal Air Force aircraft.[10]
Underwood  United Kingdom World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel by S 141 ( Kriegsmarine).[10]
HMT Wallasea  Royal Navy World War II: The Isles-class naval trawler was torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel off Mounts Bay, Cornwall by S 138 ( Kriegsmarine).[10][32]
William S. Rosecrans  United States World War II: The Liberty ship struck a mine and was damaged in the Gulf of Salerno (40°10′N 14°15′E / 40.167°N 14.250°E / 40.167; 14.250). She was scuttled by a Royal Navy ship.[33]

7 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Bernhard von Tschirschky  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Krischan-class seaplane tender was bombed and sunk at Kiel by Royal Air Force aircraft.[34]
Fushimi Maru No. 3  Japan World War II: The tanker was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea by USS Kingfish ( United States Navy).[10][14]
Kai Ping France Vichy France World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk in the South China Sea off the coast of French Indochina by Consolidated B-24 Liberator and North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the United States Fourteenth Air Force.[10]
Katsuragisan Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and sank at Truk.[10]
Krischan  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Krischan-class seaplane tender was sunk at Kiel by Royal Air Force aircraft.[34]
Natal  Germany World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and sank off Altafjord, Norway.[35]
Nikko Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and sank in the Makassar Strait.[36]
HMS Tweed  Royal Navy World War II: The River-class frigate was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean (48°18′N 21°19′W / 48.300°N 21.317°W / 48.300; -21.317) by U-305 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 83 of her 127 crew.[37][38]

8 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Eleni  Greece World War II: The sailing vessel was sunk at Lesbos by ORP Dzik ( Polish Navy).[10]
U-426  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was depth charged and sunk in the Bay of Biscay west of Nantes, Loire-Atlantique, France (46°47′N 10°42′W / 46.783°N 10.700°W / 46.783; -10.700) by a Short Sunderland aircraft of 10 Squadron, Royal Australian Air Force with the loss of all 51 crew.[39]
U-757  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean (50°33′N 18°03′W / 50.550°N 18.050°W / 50.550; -18.050) by HMS Bayntun ( Royal Navy) and HMCS Camrose ( Royal Canadian Navy) with the loss of all 49 crew.[40]

9 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 January 1944
Ship Country Description
F 446C2M  Kriegsmarine World War II: The MFP-C2M minelayer was lost on this date.[29]
U-81  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was bombed and sunk at Pola, Italy by aircraft of the United States Fifteenth Air Force with the loss of two crew. She was raised on 22 April 1944 and scrapped.
UIT-19  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Flutto-class submarine was bombed and sunk at Pola by aircraft of the United States Fifteenth Air Force.[10]
USS YP-281  United States Navy The Yard Patrol Craft sank, or was heavily damaged and scuttled by USS PC-1134 ( United States Navy), in heavy weather west of the Society Islands (16°53′S 177°18′E / 16.883°S 177.300°E / -16.883; 177.300).[41]

10 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Asuka Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy No. 127: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean by USS Seawolf ( United States Navy). Fifteen passengers and 23 crewmen were killed, 105 survivors were rescued by Getsuyo Maru and Kurokaya Maru (both  Japan).[42]
DB-2, DB-19,
DB-23, DB-26,
DB-27, DB-33,
DB-40 and DB-47
 Soviet Navy World War II: The No. 1 class landing boats were lost on this date.[43]
Daniel Webster  United States World War II: Convoy KMS 37: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and damaged in the Mediterranean Sea north of Oran, Algeria by aircraft of Kampfgeschwader 100, Luftwaffe. She was beached at Oran but was declared a total loss.[10]
F 571  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Marinefährprahm was sunk at Ak-Mechet, Soviet Union by Soviet aircraft.[10]
Getsuyo Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy No. 127: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk while towing Yahiko Maru ( Japan) in the Pacific Ocean (27°18′N 127°40′E / 27.300°N 127.667°E / 27.300; 127.667) by USS Seawolf ( United States Navy). Twenty crew were killed.[42]
Horai Maru  Japan World War II: The auxiliary sailing vessel was sunk in the South China Sea by USS Thresher ( United States Navy).[10]
Marija  Nazi Germany World War II: The cargo ship, captured the day before, was sunk in the Adriatic Sea west of Korčula, Yugoslavia by British aircraft.[44]
No. 048 and No. 0612  Soviet Navy World War II: The MO-4-class patrol vessel were lost on this date.[22]
Ocean Hunter  United Kingdom World War II: Convoy KMS 37: The Ocean ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea north east of Oran (36°07′N 0°11′W / 36.117°N 0.183°W / 36.117; -0.183) by aircraft of Kampfgeschwader 100, Luftwaffe.[10][45]
Okuyo Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary gunboat was torpedoed and sunk in the mouth of Ambon Bay, Java, Netherlands East Indies by USS Ray ( United States Navy).[46]
PVO-21  Soviet Navy World War II: The PVO-10 class anti aircraft motorboat was lost on this date.[47]
Ryuju Maru No. 1 Go  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary guard boat was lost on this date.[48]
S-55  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type 1939 Schnellboot sank in the Adriatic Sea west of Korčula, Yugoslavia after an onboard torpedo was detonated by a bomb hit during a British air attack.[10][44][49]
USS YMS-127  United States Navy The YMS-1-class minesweeper ran aground and sank in the Aleutian Islands.[41]
Yahiko Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy No. 127: The cargo ship was torpedoed and damaged in the Pacific Ocean by USS Seawolf ( United States Navy). Taken under tow by Getsuyo Maru ( Japan). She was torpedoed again by USS Seawolf and sunk (27°18′N 127°40′E / 27.300°N 127.667°E / 27.300; 127.667).[42]
Yamabiko Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy No. 4102: The Yamabiko Maru-class repair ship was torpedoed and damaged in the Pacific Ocean off the Bungo Strait (31°28′N 131°44′E / 31.467°N 131.733°E / 31.467; 131.733) by USS Steelhead ( United States Navy). Taken under tow by Yamakuni Maru ( Japan) and breaks in half after Yamakuni Maru was torpedoed and sunk at the entrance to Yaene Wan, Hachijō-jima on 13 January with the stern section sinking immediately. The bow section sank on 14 January.[50]

11 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 11 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Erie Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy O-105: The Yoshida Maru No. 1- class transport was torpedoed and sunk in the Bungo Strait 20 nautical miles (37 km) east of Saeki, Kyushu (32°31′N 132°34′E / 32.517°N 132.567°E / 32.517; 132.567) by USS Sturgeon ( United States Navy). Two hundred troops were killed.[51]
Este  Germany World War II: The coaster was bombed and sunk in Livadia Bay.[10]
GA 54 Claros  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Naval Drifter/vosportenboot was lost on this date.[52]
Kuma  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The light cruiser was torpedoed and sunk in the Indian Ocean off Penang, Malaya by HMS Tally-Ho ( Royal Navy).[53] Survivors were rescued by Uranami ( Imperial Japanese Navy).[10]
Joseph Smith  United States The Liberty ship started to break in two in the Atlantic Ocean (44°30′N 43°10′W / 44.500°N 43.167°W / 44.500; -43.167) and was abandoned. She was scuttled by a Royal Navy ship.[54]
Kogyo Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Japan by USS Tautog ( United States Navy).[10]
M 1226  Kriegsmarine World War II: The RD class minesweeper was bombed and sunk at Piraeus, Greece.[10]
SF 268  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Siebel ferry was lost on this date.[55]
Selma  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was destroyed in an explosion in Oslo, Norway.[56] The same ship had been involved in the December 1943 Filipstad explosion.[57]
Shunten Maru  Empire of Japan World War II: The transport ran aground on Taisha Shoal in the East Pratas Reef area of the South China Sea. Refloated on 20 January, repaired and returned to service.[58]
SG 08  Kriegsmarine World War II: The guard ship was bombed and sunk at Piraeus.[10]
SG 09  Kriegsmarine World War II: The guard ship was bombed and sunk at Piraeus.[10]
Teifu Maru  Japan World War II: The transport (a.k.a. Taihu Maru) ran aground on Taisha Shoal in the East Pratas Reef area of the South China Sea. Refloated on 14 February, repaired and returned to service.[59]
Vera Gioia  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk in Livadia Bay.[10]

12 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Aghia Paraskevi  Greece World War II: The fishing vessel was sunk in the Aegean Sea by ORP Sokół ( Polish Navy).[10]
Choko Maru No. 2 Go  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy No. 3219: The auxiliary transport was torpedoed and sunk in the Bismarck Sea 325 miles south west of Truk (03°37′N 147°27′E / 3.617°N 147.450°E / 3.617; 147.450) by USS Albacore ( United States Navy). Thirteen crewmen and many of her 300 passengers were killed.[60][61]
H-4  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy No. 3219: The H-2-class motor gun boat, being towed by Choko Maru No. 2 ( Imperial Japanese Navy), was so badly damaged when Choko Maru No. 2 was torpedoed and sunk that the vessel was scuttled.[61][62]
Ikuta Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary gunboat was bombed and sunk at Kwajalein (08°42′N 167°44′E / 8.700°N 167.733°E / 8.700; 167.733) by Consolidated PB4Y Liberator aircraft of VB-108 and BV-109 Squadrons, US Navy.[63]
Kanyo Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and sank at Takao, Formosa.[10]
M 4615 St. Benoit  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Naval Drifter/Minesweeper was lost on this date.[52]
Barge No. 19  Soviet Union World War II: The barge was wrecked in the Caspian sea between Bandar Shah and Baku. Her Master and 4 crewmen killed.[64]
Nigitsu Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy FU-901: The Akitsu Maru-class landing craft depot ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean south east of Okinawa off Okino-Daita Island (23°15′N 132°51′E / 23.250°N 132.850°E / 23.250; 132.850) by USS Hake ( United States Navy). A total of 456 soldiers, 83 Gunners and 35 crewmen were killed. Survivors were rescued by Amagiri ( Imperial Japanese Navy).[65]
SG 20  Kriegsmarine World War II: The guard ship capsized at Genoa, Italy during an air raid. Later raised, but not repaired.[10]
Tymlat  Soviet Union World War II: The cargo ship was wrecked off Kamchatka. Her Master and 34 crewmen killed. 13 survivors rescued by Kiev ( Soviet Union).[66]

13 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Haguro Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The transport ship was bombed and sunk by a United States 5th Air Force Consolidated B-24 Liberator 35 nautical miles (65 km) northwest of New Hanover Island (02°43′N 149°25′E / 2.717°N 149.417°E / 2.717; 149.417) .[67]
U-231  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was bombed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean north east of the Azores, Portugal (44°15′N 20°38′W / 44.250°N 20.633°W / 44.250; -20.633) by a Vickers Wellington aircraft of 172 Squadron. Royal Air Force with the loss of seven of her 50 crew.[68][69]
Valaya  Thailand World War II: The passenger ship was sunk in the Menam River by a mine.[70]

14 January[edit]

For the abandonment of USS Wickenburgh on this day, see the entry for 4 August 1943.
List of shipwrecks: 14 January 1944
Ship Country Description
HMS Adherent  Royal Navy The Assurance-class rescue tug foundered in the North Atlantic .[71]
Entrerios  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was struck by an air-dropped torpedo and sunk off Farsund, Norway.[72]
Gyoei Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk in the South China Sea by Consolidated B-24 Liberator and North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the United States Fourteenth Air Force.[10]
Ha-50  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The submarine was dragged down and sunk when her tow ship, Yamatsuru Maru ( Japan), was sunk by USS Seawolf ( United States Navy).[73]
Ken'yō Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy KU: The Itsukushima-class fleet oiler was torpedoed and sunk in the Bismarck Sea (05°23′N 141°32′E / 5.383°N 141.533°E / 5.383; 141.533) by USS Guardfish ( United States Navy) with the loss of three of her crew.[74]
Nippon Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy KU: The Tatekawa-class fleet oiler was torpedoed and sunk in the Bismarck Sea (05°02′N 140°50′E / 5.033°N 140.833°E / 5.033; 140.833) by USS Scamp ( United States Navy). Sixteen crewmen and 27 Special Naval Landing Force troops were lost.[75][76]
Sazanami  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy KU: The Fubuki-class destroyer was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean 300 nautical miles (560 km) south east of Yap, Caroline Islands (05°30′N 141°34′E / 5.500°N 141.567°E / 5.500; 141.567) by USS Albacore ( United States Navy) with the loss of 153 of her 212 crew. Survivors were rescued by Akebono ( Imperial Japanese Navy).
Sperrbrecher 11  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Sperrbrecher struck a mine and sank in the North Sea off Norderney.[10]
Tama Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The guard ship was bombed and sunk at Kwajalein by Consolidated B-24 Liberator and North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the United States Army Air Force.[10]
Wittekind  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk by Royal Air Force aircraft off Lista, Norway.[77]
USS YO-159  United States Navy World War II: The self-propelled fuel oil barge was torpedoed and damaged 250 nautical miles (460 km) east of Espiritu Santo (15°27′S 171°28′E / 15.450°S 171.467°E / -15.450; 171.467) by Ro-42 ( Imperial Japanese Navy). She was scuttled the next day by USS PC-1138 ( United States Navy).[78]
Yamakuni Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo liner was torpedoed and sunk off Hachijō-jima by USS Swordfish ( United States Navy) while towing Yamabiko Maru ( Japan).[79][80]
Yamatsuru Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy O-105: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the East China Sea 155 nautical miles (287 km) south east of Tanegashima by USS Seawolf ( United States Navy). Four passengers, two gunners and 30 crewmen were killed. Ha-50 ( Imperial Japanese Navy) being towed is dragged under and sunk.[81]

15 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Aghios Giorgios  Greece World War II: The fishing vessel was sunk in the Aegean Sea by HMS Unruly ( Royal Navy).[10]
Axa  Denmark World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and sank in the Great Belt.[10]
Ryuko Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Indian Ocean by HMS Tally-Ho ( Royal Navy).[10]
Tatsuno Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Luzon Strait by USS Thresher ( United States Navy).[82]
Toho Maru  Japan World War II: The tanker was torpedoed and sunk in the Luzon Strait by USS Thresher ( United States Navy).[82]
Wiides  Finland The cargo shp was wrecked on the Roter Sand, in the North Sea.[9]

16 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 16 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Delhi Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary gunboat was torpedoed and sunk in Tokyo Bay (34°04′N 139°56′E / 34.067°N 139.933°E / 34.067; 139.933) by USS Swordfish ( United States Navy).[79][83]
Denmark Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy O-105: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Philippine Sea (23°15′N 135°35′E / 23.250°N 135.583°E / 23.250; 135.583) by USS Whale ( United States Navy). A total of 1,653 troops, 20 gunners and 31 crewmen were killed.[81]
USS Flier  United States Navy The Gato-class submarine ran aground on a reef at Midway Atoll. She was refloated on 22 January.[10] Later repaired and returned to service.
Haruna Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy Convoy No. 2517: The stores ship was sunk off Balikpapan in a collision with Kyoei Maru ( Imperial Japanese Navy).[84]
Hozugawa Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy O 905: The tanker was sunk in the Pacific Ocean north west of New Hanover by Consolidated PBY Catalina aircraft of the United States Army Air Force.[10]
I-181  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Kaidai-class submarine was engaged in a running battle with USS PCS-1422 and USS PCS-1459 (both  United States Navy) in the Vitiaz Strait. She ended up grounded and wrecked on Gneisenau Point, Kelanoa Harbour, New Guinea.[10][85]
Kaika Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean south east of Truk by USS Blackfish ( United States Navy).[10]
HMS LCT-1029  Royal Navy World War II: The Mk4-class Landing Craft, Tank was sunk by a mine off Skegness, Lincolnshire.[86]
USS Macaw  United States Navy World War II: The Chanticleer-class Submarine Rescue Ship ran aground on a reef at Midway Island. On 12 February 1944 she slipped off the reef and sank with the loss of her Commanding Officer and four crew members.[87]
Meisho Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy O 905: The transport ship was sunk in the Pacific Ocean north west of New Hanover by Consolidated PBY Catalina aircraft of the United States Army Air Force.[10]
Nikko Maru  Japan World War II: The coaster was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean by USS Seahorse ( United States Navy).[88]
Perseus  United Kingdom World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Bay of Bengal 12°00′N 80°14′E / 12.000°N 80.233°E / 12.000; 80.233 by I-165 ( Imperial Japanese Navy). Her crew were rescued by a Royal Indian Navy corvette without loss.[89]
Shunko Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy O 905: The cargo ship was sunk in the Pacific Ocean north west of New Hanover by Consolidated PBY Catalina aircraft of the United States Army Air Force.[10]
Sumner I. Kimball  United States World War II: Convoy ON 210: The Liberty ship straggled behind the convoy. She was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean (52°35′N 35°00′W / 52.583°N 35.000°W / 52.583; -35.000) by U-960 ( Kriegsmarine with the loss of all 69 crew.[25][90]
Tarushima Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy O-105: The Terushima Maru-class transport ship was shelled and damaged in the Philippine Sea (22°34′N 135°46′E / 22.567°N 135.767°E / 22.567; 135.767) by USS Whale ( United States Navy). She was torpedoed and sunk the next day (22°00′N 135°10′E / 22.000°N 135.167°E / 22.000; 135.167) by USS Whale ( United States Navy). A total of 613 troops and twenty crew were killed. Ha-51 ( Imperial Japanese Navy), being towed, is dragged down with the ship.[81]
U-544  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type IXC/40 submarine was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean by Grumman TBM Avenger aircraft based on USS Guadalcanal ( United States Navy) with the loss of all 57 crew.[91][92]
Vaijan Kutur'e  Soviet Union World War II: The tanker was torpedoed and sunk in the Black Sea (42°21′N 41°31′E / 42.350°N 41.517°E / 42.350; 41.517 by U-20 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of four of her 64 crew. Survivors were rescued by Soviet Navy minesweepers and patrol boats. The wreck was raised on 6 October 1945, repaired and returned to service in 1954.[93]

17 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Arborea  Germany World War II: The transport ship was bombed and sunk at Šibenik, Yugoslavia during a British air raid.[10]
Chiburi Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean east of Manus, Admiralty Islands by Consolidated B-24 Liberator aircraft of the United States Fifth Air Force.[10]
Fukei Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean by Consolidated B-24 Liberator aircraft of the United States Fifth Air Force.[10]
Ha-51  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The midget submarine was lost while under tow when Tarushima Maru ( Imperial Japanese Navy) was torpedoed and sunk by USS Whale ( United States Navy) .[94]
Hakkai Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Hakkai Maru-class repair ship (a.k.a. Hachikai Maru) was torpedoed and sunk at Rabaul, New Guinea by United States Navy Grumman TBF Avenger and Douglas SBD Dauntless aircraft. Twenty-five crewmen were lost.[10][95]
Kaiun Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary guard boat was lost on this date.[96]
Kenshin Maru  Japan World War II: The transport ship was torpedoed and sunk at Rabaul by United States Navy Grumman TBF Avenger and Douglas SBD Dauntless aircraft. Twenty-two crewmen were lost.[10][97]
Kosei Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy O 905: The transport ship was torpedoed and sunk at Rabaul by United States Navy Grumman TBF Avenger and Douglas SBD Dauntless aircraft. Fourteen landing barges were lost as cargo, two crewmen were lost.[10][97]
L-23  Soviet Navy World War II: The Leninets-class submarine was sunk in the Black Sea north west of Cape Torchakut, Crimea by UJ 106 ( Kriegsmarine).[98]
Milano  Germany World War II: The transport ship was bombed and sunk at Šibenik during a British air raid.[10]
NB 12 Skorpion  Kriegsmarine The boat was rammed and sunk in Vestre Byfjord, Bergen, Norway by Oldenburg ( Germany).[99]

18 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Nanyu Maru No. 1  Japan World War II: The tanker was bombed and sunk at Jaluit Atoll by United States Army Air Force Douglas A-24 Banshee and Curtiss P-40 Warhawk aircraft.[100]
Shoyu Maru  Japan World War II: The tanker was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea west of Palawan by USS Bowfin ( United States Navy).[10]
Yoshida Maru  Japan World War II: The tanker was torpedoed and sunk 140 nautical miles (260 km) west south west of Marcus Island (23°46′N 151°30′E / 23.767°N 151.500°E / 23.767; 151.500) by USS Flasher ( United States Navy). A total of 76 passengers, fifteen gunners and eight crewmen were killed.[101]

19 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Kaishu Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean east of Manus, Admiralty Islands by Consolidated B-24 Liberator aircraft of the United States Fifth Air Force.[10]
HMS LCA 783, HMS LCA 790, HMS LCA 865,  Royal Navy World War II: The Landing Craft, Assaults were lost on this date.[102]
USS LCT-582  United States Navy World War II: The Landing Craft, Tank was lost as deck cargo when USS LST-228 ( United States Navy) was wrecked off Bahia Angra Island, Azores, Portugal (38°39′N 27°12′W / 38.650°N 27.200°W / 38.650; -27.200).[103]
USS LST-228  United States Navy World War II: The Landing Ship, Tank ran aground and was wrecked off Bahia Angra Island, Azores (38°39′N 27°12′W / 38.650°N 27.200°W / 38.650; -27.200).[104]
U-641  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean (50°25′N 18°49′W / 50.417°N 18.817°W / 50.417; -18.817) by HMS Violet ( Royal Navy) with the loss of all 50 crew.[105]

20 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Emsland  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was struck by an air-dropped torpedo and was beached at Stad, Norway. The beached ship was torpedoed by HMS Satyr ( Royal Navy) on 5 February and destroyed by aircraft on 11 February 1944.[10][106]
Fort Buckingham  United Kingdom World War II: The Fort ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Indian Ocean (8°19′N 66°40′E / 8.317°N 66.667°E / 8.317; 66.667) by U-188 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 38 of the 89 people on board. Survivors were rescued by Kongsdal, Ora (both  Norway) and Moorsby ( United Kingdom).[107][108]
Hidaka Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Standard Type 1K ore carrier was torpedoed and sunk 140 nautical miles (260 km) south east of Cape Muroto, south of Shiono Misaki (31°32′N 135°58′E / 31.533°N 135.967°E / 31.533; 135.967) by USS Batfish ( United States Navy). Fourteen passengers and two crewmen were lost.[109]
Jinzu Maru  Japan World War II: The dredger was bombed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean north of New Guinea by Consolidated B-24 Liberator aircraft of the United States Fifth Air Force.[10]
Koyu Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean off Palau by USS Gar ( United States Navy).[110]
Kuzan Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk in the South China Sea off the coast of Formosa by Consolidated B-24 Liberator and North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the United States Fourteenth Air Force.[10]
Menado Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk in the South China Sea off the coast of Formosa by Consolidated B-24 Liberator and North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the United States Fourteenth Air Force.[10]
No. 34  Soviet Navy World War II: The No. 11 class Landing Tender was lost on this date.[111]
Ogashima Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The transport was bombed and sunk 80 nautical miles (150 km) south west of Yap, Caroline Islands (08°07′N 137°38′E / 8.117°N 137.633°E / 8.117; 137.633) by United States Army Air Force North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft. Thirty crewmen were lost.[112]
Skagerak I  Kriegsmarine World War II: The minelayer was torpedoed and sunk west of Svåholmen, Norway (58°19′48″N 6°01′06″E / 58.33000°N 6.01833°E / 58.33000; 6.01833) by aircraft of 489 Squadron, Royal New Zealand Air Force with the loss of seven crew.[113]
U-263  Kriegsmarine World War II The Type VIIC submarine struck a mine and sank in the Bay of Biscay off La Rochelle, Charente-Maritime, France (46°06′N 1°30′W / 46.100°N 1.500°W / 46.100; -1.500 during a diving exercise. All 51 crew were lost.[10][114]
V 712 Chemnitz  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Vorpostenboot struck a mine and sank in the English Channel off Cherbourg, Seine-Maritime, France.[10]

21 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 January 1944
Ship Country Description
G 107 Elettra  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Armed Yacht was lost on this date.[115]
Ikoma Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy Wewak No. 8: The transport was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean 282 nautical miles (522 km) south east of Palau (03°25′N 137°06′E / 3.417°N 137.100°E / 3.417; 137.100) by USS Seahorse ( United States Navy). A total of 413 Indian Army prisoners of war and 43 crewmen were killed.[88][116]
Münsterland  Germany World War II: The blockade breaker was shelled and sunk in the English Channel by British shore based artillery.[10]
SF 267  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Siebel ferry was lost on this date.[55]
V 1307 Stettin  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Naval Whaler was lost on this date.[117]
Yasukuni Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy Wewak No. 8: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean 282 nautical miles (522 km) south east of Palau (03°25′N 137°06′E / 3.417°N 137.100°E / 3.417; 137.100) by USS Seahorse ( United States Navy). 62 troops and 6 crewmen killed.[88]

22 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 January 1944
Ship Country Description
CHa-40  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary submarine chaser was bombed and sunk off Lorengau Harbor, Manus, New Guinea (01°50′S 147°20′E / 1.833°S 147.333°E / -1.833; 147.333) by North American B-25 Mitchell and Lockheed P-38 Lightning aircraft of the United States Army Air Force.[118]
F 598C2  Kriegsmarine World War II: The MFP-C2 landing craft was lost on this date.[29]
Heiwa Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk at Manus by North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the United States Army Air Force.[10]
Koshin Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy 3202: The oiler was torpedoed and sunk in the Flores Sea (07°19′N 116°52′E / 7.317°N 116.867°E / 7.317; 116.867) by USS Tinosa ( United States Navy). Twenty-two crewmen were killed.[119]
USS LCI(L)-20  United States Navy World War II: The Landing Craft Infantry - Large was bombed and sunk off Anzio, Italy.[120]
USS LCI(L)-32  United States Navy World War II: The Landing Craft Infantry - Large was sunk off Anzio.[121]
HMS LCP(M) 616  Royal Navy World War II: The Landing Craft Personnel (mortar) was lost on this date.[27]
No. 31  Soviet Navy World War II: The No. 11 class Landing Tender was lost on this date.[122]
R-75  Kriegsmarine The Type R-41 minesweeper was sunk in a collision with U-350 ( Kriegsmarine) in the Bay of Danzig.[123]
USS Portent  United States Navy World War II: Operation Shingle: The Auk-class minesweeper struck a mine and sank in the Mediterranean Sea off Nettuno, Lazio, Italy (41°24′N 12°44′E / 41.400°N 12.733°E / 41.400; 12.733).
Ro-37  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Ro-35-class submarine was sunk in the Pacific Ocean off the Santa Cruz Islands (11°47′S 164°17′E / 11.783°S 164.283°E / -11.783; 164.283) by USS Buchanan ( United States Navy).[124]
Seinan Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy 3202: The oiler was torpedoed and sunk in the Flores Sea (07°27′N 115°07′E / 7.450°N 115.117°E / 7.450; 115.117) by USS Tinosa ( United States Navy). Sixteen gunners and 29 crewmen were killed.[10][119]
Tatsu Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary minelayer was bombed and sunk at Manus by North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the United States Army Air Force.[10]

23 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Hosho Maru No. 2 Go  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary guard boat was lost on this date.[125]
HMS Janus  Royal Navy World War II: The J-class destroyer was sunk in the Mediterranean Sea off Anzio, Lazio Italy by a Fritz X glide bomb.
Magane Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary gunboat was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean 175 nautical miles (324 km) north north west of Chichi Jima (01°26′N 125°08′E / 1.433°N 125.133°E / 1.433; 125.133) by USS Snook ( United States Navy).[126][127]
No. 45  Soviet Navy World War II: The No. 11 class Landing Tender was lost on this date.[128]
Panama Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy No. 130: The Tacoma Maru class transport was bombed and sunk off the coast of China (27°15′N 120°45′E / 27.250°N 120.750°E / 27.250; 120.750) by Consolidated B-24 Liberator and North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the United States Fourteenth Air Force. Twelve troops, 2 gunners and 1 crewman were killed.[10][129]
Seikai Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk at Mergui, Malaya by Consolidated B-24 Liberator aircraft of the United States Tenth Air Force.[10]
Taian Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean off Palau by USS Gar ( United States Navy).[110]

24 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Chosen Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean off Japan by USS Sturgeon ( United States Navy).[51]
Costante  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Armed Tug, while run aground, was captured by Yugoslav Partizans and scuttled with explosives.[44]
F 523C2  Kriegsmarine World War II: The MFP-C2 landing craft was lost on this date.[29]
FAC Mühlenberg  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk at Naples, Italy.[10]
Koan Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The water tanker was torpedoed and sunk at Rabaul, New Britain by Grumman TBF Avenger aircraft of the United States Marine Corps.[130]
USS LCT-185  United States Navy The LCT Mk 5-class Landing Craft, Tank foundered in a storm and sank off Bizerta, Tunisia .[131]
Liu Hsing Taiwan China World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk at "Foutschou" by Consolidated B-24 Liberator and North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the United States Fourteenth Air Force.[10]
Lyons Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The aircraft transport was torpedoed and sunk in shallow water at Rabaul by Grumman TBF Avenger aircraft of the United States Marine Corps. She settled upright with her superstructure above the water.[132]
Myojin Maru No. 2  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy No. 130: The guardboat was bombed and sunk off Icog Island, China by North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the United States Fourteenth Air Force.[133]
Myoken Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary gunboat was sunk in the Molucca Sea north of Kema, Celebes Islands (01°26′N 125°08′E / 1.433°N 125.133°E / 1.433; 125.133) by USS Swordfish ( United States Navy).[127]
Ryusei  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The lighthouse tender was bombed and sunk off Icog Island, China by North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the United States Fourteenth Air Force.[133]
SS St David  United Kingdom World War II: The hospital ship was bombed and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea off Anzio, Lazio, Italy.[134]
Samuel Dexter  United States The Liberty ship started to break up in the Atlantic Ocean (56°19′N 11°43′W / 56.317°N 11.717°W / 56.317; -11.717) and was abandoned by her crew. She came ashore at Barra, Outer Hebrides, United Kingdom and broke in two, a total loss.[135]
Taisho Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk at Rabaul by Grumman TBF Avenger aircraft of the United States Marine Corps.[130]
V 1307 Stettin  Kriegsmarine The Vorpostenboot struck the wreck of Heise ( Germany) and sank in the North Sea off IJmuiden, North Holland, Netherlands.[10]
Yamayuri Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk at Rabaul by Grumman TBF Avenger aircraft of the United States Marine Corps.[130]

25 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Andrew G. Curtin  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Barents Sea (73°20′N 23°30′E / 73.333°N 23.500°E / 73.333; 23.500) by U-716 ( Kriegsmarine).[11]
Ashahi Maru No. 3 Go  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary guard boat was lost on this date.[136]
Fort La Maune  United Kingdom World War II: The Fort ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Indian Ocean (13°04′N 56°30′E / 13.067°N 56.500°E / 13.067; 56.500) by U-188 ( Kriegsmarine).[137]
Kasashima  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The tug was bombed and sunk in the Formosa Strait by North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the United States Fourteenth Air Force.[138]
HMS LCP(S) 60  Royal Navy World War II: The Landing Craft Personnel (Small) was lost on this date.[27]
Mil  Kriegsmarine World War II: The tanker struck a mine and sank in Varangerfjord, Norway with the loss of six crew.[139]
Penelope Barker  United States World War II: Convoy JW 56A: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Barents Sea (73°22′N 22°30′E / 73.367°N 22.500°E / 73.367; 22.500) by U-278 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of sixteen of her 72 crew. Survivors were rescued by HMS Savage ( Royal Navy).[140]
Suzukaze  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Shiratsuyu-class destroyer was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean 127 nautical miles (235 km) northwest of Ponape (08°51′N 157°10′E / 8.850°N 157.167°E / 8.850; 157.167), South Pacific Mandate, by the submarine USS Skipjack ( United States Navy) with the loss of 285 of her 307 crew including her commanding officer. The submarine chaser CH-33 ( Imperial Japanese Navy) rescued 22 survivors.[141]
Walter Camp  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Indian Ocean (10°00′N 71°49′E / 10.000°N 71.817°E / 10.000; 71.817) by U-532 ( Kriegsmarine). Whole crew rescued by HMS Danae ( Royal Navy).[142]
USS YMS-30  United States Navy World War II: The YMS-1-class minesweeper struck a mine and sank in the Tyrrhenian Sea.[10]

26 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Andrew G. Curtin  United States World War II: Convoy JW 56A: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Barents Sea (73°22′N 24°15′E / 73.367°N 24.250°E / 73.367; 24.250) by U-716 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of three of her 71 crew. Survivors were rescued by HMS Inconstant ( Royal Navy).[143]
Busho Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary gunboat was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea east of Saigon, French Indochina by USS Crevalle ( United States Navy).[10]
Fort Bellingham  United Kingdom World War II: Convoy JW 56A: The Fort ship straggled behind the convoy. She was torpedoed and damaged in the Barents Sea (73°45′N 24°48′E / 73.750°N 24.800°E / 73.750; 24.800) by U-360 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 36 of her 73 crew. Survivors were rescued by (HMS Offa ( Royal Navy). Two crew members were taken on board U-360 as prisoners of war. Fort Bellingham was later torpedoed and sunk (73°25′N 25°10′E / 73.417°N 25.167°E / 73.417; 25.167) by U-957 ( Kriegsmarine).[107][144]
Hilary A. Herbert  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was damaged off Nettuno, Italy by a crashing German fighter and later by a near miss by a bomb. She was beached to prevent sinking. Later refloated, repaired and returned to service.[145]
John Banyard  United States World War II: The Liberty ship struck a mine and was damaged in the Tyrrhenian Sea. She was consequently declared a total loss.[10]
USS LCI-32  United States Navy World War II: The LCI-1-class Landing Craft Infantry was mined and sank off Anzio, Italy while going to the assistance of HMS LST-422. Thirty crew were lost.[146]
HMS LST-411  Royal Navy World War II: The Mk2-class landing ship, tank was sunk by a mine off Bastia Sardinia.[147]
HMS LST-422  Royal Navy World War II: The Mk2-class landing ship, tank was sunk by a mine off Anzio with 454 American and 29 British personnel lost[148]
Okitsu Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The transport ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean 146 nautical miles (270 km) north of Ponape (09°24′N 157°45′E / 9.400°N 157.750°E / 9.400; 157.750) by USS Skipjack ( United States Navy). A total of 169 Navy passengers and seven crewmen were lost.[149][150]
USS PT-110  United States Navy The ELCO 80-class PT Boat was sunk by the detonation of a depth charge following a collision with USS PT-114 ( United States Navy) in Abling Harbor New Britain Island(06°17′S 150°09′E / 6.283°S 150.150°E / -6.283; 150.150).[151]
USS PTc-38  United States Navy World War II: The motor torpedo boat was being carried as deck cargo on Andrew G. Curtin ( United States). She floated free when that ship was torpedoed and sunk by U-715 ( Kriegsmarine and was later shelled and sunk by U-957 ( Kriegsmarine).[152]
USS PTc-39  United States Navy World War II: The motor torpedo boat was being carried as deck cargo on Andrew G. Curtin ( United States) and was lost when that ship was torpedoed and sunk by U-715 ( Kriegsmarine).[153]
Samouri  United Kingdom World War II: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Gulf of Aden east north east of Socotra, South Yemen (13°13′N 55°56′E / 13.217°N 55.933°E / 13.217; 55.933) by U-188 ( Kriegsmarine). All 49 crew were rescued by Shahzada ( United Kingdom).[154]
Surada  United Kingdom World War II: The passenger ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Gulf of Aden 40 nautical miles (74 km) east north east of Socotra (13°00′N 55°15′E / 13.000°N 55.250°E / 13.000; 55.250) by U-188 ( Kriegsmarine). All 109 people on board were rescued by Darro ( United Kingdom).[155][156]

27 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Empire Manor  United Kingdom World War II: Convoy HX 276: The cargo ship collided in the Atlantic Ocean with Edward Kavanagh ( United States) and was holed. She was taken in tow but a fire developed the next day when seawater reacted with part of her cargo. She broke in two on 29 January with the bow section sinking. The stern section was scuttled by HMCS Kenogami ( Royal Canadian Navy) at (43°53′N 53°04′W / 43.883°N 53.067°W / 43.883; -53.067). Her cargo of gold bullion was salvaged in 1973.[157]
Kasagi Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The salvage vessel (or auxiliary Gunboat) was torpedoed and sunk 130 miles south of Tokyo Bay (33°31′N 139°36′E / 33.517°N 139.600°E / 33.517; 139.600) by USS Swordfish ( United States Navy).[79][127][158]
Keikai Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary cruiser was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean by USS Dace ( United States Navy).[10]
Kikuzuki Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy No. 356: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Luzon Strait by USS Thresher ( United States Navy). Many passengers and ten crewmen were killed.[82]
Kosei Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy No. 356: The transport was torpedoed and sunk in the Luzon Strait 54 nautical miles (100 km) south west of Takao (22°10′N 119°30′E / 22.167°N 119.500°E / 22.167; 119.500) by USS Thresher ( United States Navy). Nineteen crewmen were killed.[82]

28 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Ha-49  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The midget submarine was lost while under tow when Neikai Maru was bombed and sunk by Consolidated B-24 Liberator and United States Navy Consolidated PBY Catalina aircraft of the United States Army Thirteenth Air Force.[159]
Heinrich Schulte  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk off Tromsø, Norway by S-56 ( Soviet Navy).[10][160]
Johann Schulte  Germany World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and sank in the Weser.[161]
M 4021  Kriegsmarine World War II: The minesweeper struck a mine and sank in the Bay of Biscay off the Île de Croix, Finistère, France.[10]
Neikai Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy No. SO-93: The cargo ship was bombed and sunks 59 nautical miles (110 km) west north west of Cape Lambert, New Britain and 75 nautical miles (139 km) south of Queen Charlotte Island (03°45′S 150°38′E / 3.750°S 150.633°E / -3.750; 150.633) by Consolidated B-24 Liberator aircraft of the United States Thirteenth Air Force and Consolidated PBY Catalina aircraft of the United States Navy.[159]
R-201  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type R-151 minesweeper was sunk in the Mediterranean Sea north of the Tiber Estuary by Allied aircraft.[162]
Seerose  Germany World War II: The transport ship was bombed and sunk at Mykonos, Greece by British aircraft.[10]
Sperrbrecher 137 Botilla Russ  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Sperrbrecher struck a mine and sank in the Bay of Biscay off Saint-Nazaire, Morbihan, France.[10]
U-271  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean west of County Limerick, Ireland (53°15′N 15°52′W / 53.250°N 15.867°W / 53.250; -15.867) by a Consolidated B-24 Liberator aircraft of the United States Navy with the loss of all 51 crew.[163]
U-571  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean west of Ireland (52°41′N 14°27′W / 52.683°N 14.450°W / 52.683; -14.450) by Short Sunderland EK477 coded UT-D of 461 Squadron, Royal Australian Air Force with the loss of all 52 crew.

29 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Kaldnes  Kriegsmarine World War II: The supply ship was torpedoed and sunk by aircraft off Feistein Lighthouse, Norway.[164]
HMS LCA 783  Royal Navy World War II: The Landing Craft, Assault was lost on this date.[102]
Olga G Embiricos  Greece World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Gulf of Aden 210 nautical miles (390 km) west of Socotra, South Yemen (12°30′N 50°10′E / 12.500°N 50.167°E / 12.500; 50.167) by U-188 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of twenty of her 41 crew. Survivors were rescued by Dramatist ( United Kingdom).[165]
Samuel Huntington  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was bombed and sunk at Anzio, Lazio, Italy by Luftwaffe aircraft. Three crewmen were killed. Survivors were rescued by USS LCT-277 ( United States Navy).[135]
Shuko Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The net tender was torpedoed and sunk in the Philippine Sea north of the Marianas Islands by USS Angler ( United States Navy).[166]
HMS Oracle  Royal Navy The armed yacht burned at Liverpool.[167]
Shuntei Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean north of Okinawa by USS Tambor ( United States Navy).[10]
HMS Spartan  Royal Navy World War II: Operation Shingle: The Dido-class cruiser was sunk in the Mediterranean Sea off Anzio by a Henschel Hs 293 glide bomb with the loss of 46 of her 530 crew. Survivors were rescued by USS LCT-198 ( United States Navy), HMS Dido, and HMS Delhi (both  Royal Navy).
U-364  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was depth charged and sunk in the Bay of Biscay (45°33′N 5°55′W / 45.550°N 5.917°W / 45.550; -5.917) by a Handley Page Halifax aircraft of 502 Squadron, Royal Air Force with the loss of all 49 crew.[168]

30 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 January 1944
Ship Country Description
Akibasan Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Operation Flintlock: The transport was either bombed and sunk by Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bombers from USS Enterprise, USS Yorktown, USS Bunker Hill, USS Belleau Wood (all  United States Navy), or shelled and sunk by USS Burns ( United States Navy), at Kwajalein Atoll (03°52′N 153°56′E / 3.867°N 153.933°E / 3.867; 153.933). Fifty-three crewmen were killed.[169]
Ashitaka Maru No. 5 Go  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary guard boat was lost on this date.[170]
CHa-18 and CHa-21  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Operation Flintlock: The CHa-1 class auxiliary submarine chasers were bombed and sunk at Kwajalein by Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bombers from USS Enterprise, USS Yorktown, USS Bunker Hill, USS Belleau Wood (all  United States Navy).[169]
CHa-19 and CHa-28  Imperial Japanese Navy The CHa-1 class auxiliary submarine chasers were sunk in the Marshall Islands by American aircraft.[171]
Eiko Maru No. 2 GO  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Operation Flintlock: The transport was shelled and damaged by battleships and destroyers of the United States Navy. She was later shelled and sunk by USS North Carolina ( United States Navy) at Roi-Numur (09°10′N 167°20′E / 9.167°N 167.333°E / 9.167; 167.333), settling in shallow water with her masts above water. All 46 crewmen were killed; either in the sinking, or in February during the Battle of Kwajalein.[172]
Fukuyoshi Maru No. 5 Go  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary guard boat was lost on this date.[173]
Fumi Maru No. 3 Go  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary sub chaser was lost on this date.[174]
Gyoraitei No. 5 and Gyoraitei No. 6  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Gyoraitei No. 1 class motor torpedo boats were bombed and sunk at Wake Island by US Navy PB2Y Coronados.[175]
Hanau  Germany World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and sank in the Baltic Sea off Kiel (54°31′N 10°28′E / 54.517°N 10.467°E / 54.517; 10.467).[176]
HMS Hardy  Royal Navy World War II: Convoy JW 56A: The V-class destroyer was torpedoed and damaged in the Arctic Ocean (73°40′N 24°30′E / 73.667°N 24.500°E / 73.667; 24.500) by U-278 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 35 crew. Survivors were rescued by HMS Venus ( Royal Navy), which scuttled her.[37]
Inari Maru No. 2 Go  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary guard boat was lost on this date.[177]
Iwata Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The water depot ship was bombed and sunk at Rabaul by Grumman TBF Avenger and Douglas SBD Dauntless aircraft of the United States Navy.[10]
M-451  Kriegsmarine World War II: The minesweeper was wrecked north of Porkkala, Finland.[178]
New Guinea Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary guard boat was lost on this date.[179]
Seisho Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary guard boat was sunk by a B-24 off Celebes.[180][181]
Shonan Maru No. 6 Go  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary sub chaser was lost on this date.[182]
Taihei Maru No. 1 Go  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary guard boat was lost on this date.[183]
Taisei Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary guard boat was lost on this date.[184]
Takasu Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary guard boat was lost on this date.[185]
Tama Maru No. 3 Go  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary minesweeper was lost on this date.[186]
Tama Maru No. 5 Go  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary minesweeper was lost on this date.[187]
Tamashima Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy 3125A: The cargo liner was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean 300 nautical miles (560 km) east Urracas, Mariana Islands (21°12′N 149°28′E / 21.200°N 149.467°E / 21.200; 149.467) by USS Spearfish ( United States Navy). Four crewmen were killed.[188]
Toko Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy SO-805: The transport ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean east of Palau by USS Seahorse ( United States Navy) (06°20′N 138°08′E / 6.333°N 138.133°E / 6.333; 138.133). A total of 457 troops, seven gunners and fifteen crewmen were killed.[189]
U-314  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was depth charged and sunk in the Norwegian Sea (73°41′N 24°30′E / 73.683°N 24.500°E / 73.683; 24.500) by HMS Meteor and HMS Whitehall (both  Royal Navy) with the loss of all 49 crew.[190]

31 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 January 1944
Ship Country Description
CHa-25 and CHa-33  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The CHa-1 class auxiliary submarine chasers were sunk at Nauru by American aircraft. CHa-25 was raised and broken up 1946.[171]
Higashinihon Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary guard boat was lost on this date.[191]
Hiro Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The net tender was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean by USS Tullibee ( United States Navy).[192]
Jean Suzon  Kriegsmarine World War II: The ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea by HMS Untiring ( Royal Navy).[10]
Lita  Norway world War II: The coaster came ashore at Langholmen near Stoksund, Norway, and was wrecked.[193]
Nasami  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The minelayer was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean north west of Truk by USS Trigger ( Kriegsmarine).[10]
HMT Pine  Royal Navy World War II: The Tree class Naval Trawler was torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel south of Beachy Head, East Sussex by a Kriegsmarine Schnellboot with the loss of ten of her twelve crew.[37]
Ruhrort  Germany World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and was beached near Nakskov, Denmark. She was later refloated but was sunk at Naksov on 5 August by Danish saboteurs.[10][194]
St Antoine  Kriegsmarine World War II: The ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterranean Sea by HMS Untiring ( Royal Navy).[10]
U-592  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean southwest of Ireland (50°20′N 17°29′W / 50.333°N 17.483°W / 50.333; -17.483) by HMS Magpie, HMS Starling and HMS Wild Goose (all  Royal Navy) with the loss of all 49 crew.[195]
Yasukuni Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary submarine tender, a former Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner, was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean 17 nautical miles (31 km) north west of Truk (09°15′N 147°13′E / 9.250°N 147.217°E / 9.250; 147.217) by USS Trigger ( United States Navy). A total of 888 naval technical personnel and 300 sailors were killed. Forty-three survivors were rescued by Shiratsuyu ( Imperial Japanese Navy).[196]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1944
Ship Country Description
CHa-14  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The CHa-1-class auxiliary submarine chaser was sunk in the Marshall Islands by American aircraft on the 24 or 30 January.[171]
HMS LCA 697,  Royal Navy World War II: The Landing Craft, Assault was lost sometime in January.[102]
HMS LCI(L)124  Royal Navy World War II: The Landing Craft, Infantry (Large) sank in the Mediterranean Sea sometime in January.[197]
HMS LCM 910, HMS LCM 930, HMS LCM 1022, HMS LCM 1064, HMS LCM 1173, HMS LCM 1204  Royal Navy World War II:The Landing Craft, Mechanized were lost sometime in January.[198]
HMS LCP(L) 66, HMS LCP(L) 356, HMS LCP(L) 373,  Royal Navy World War II: The Landing Craft Personnel (Large) were lost sometime in January.[27]
Ocean Viking  United Kingdom World War II: The Ocean ship was scuttled as a breakwater at Bari, Apulia, Italy. She was raised by the Italians in 1947, repaired and returned to service as Alceo.[199]
Ro-39  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The submarine was lost off the Marshall Islands in late January.[10]
Ro-40  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The submarine was lost off the Marshall Islands in late January.[10]
USS Scorpion  United States Navy World War II: The Gato-class submarine was sunk in the Yellow Sea after 5 January, probably by striking a mine, with the loss of all 60 crew.
U-305  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was long thought to have been depth charged and sunk in the North Atlantic Ocean at 49°39′N 20°10′W / 49.650°N 20.167°W / 49.650; -20.167 by the frigate HMS Glenarm and destroyer HMS Wanderer (both  Royal Navy) with the loss of all 51 crew.[200] However, recent research suggests that U-377 ( Kriegsmarine) was the victim of this attack, and U-305 is now considered to have been lost on an unknown date to unknown causes, perhaps due to a malfunction of one of her own torpedoes.
U-377  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was lost in the North Atlantic Ocean with all hands. Her cause and date of loss were long considered unknown, with it hypothesized that she may have been a victim of a malfunction of one of her own torpedoes. Recent research suggests, however, that she most likely was depth charged and sunk at 49°39′N 20°10′W / 49.650°N 20.167°W / 49.650; -20.167 by the frigate HMS Glenarm and destroyer HMS Wanderer (both  Royal Navy) on 17 January.[201]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hecksee (5606501)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 28 March 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  2. ^ "Japanese Submarine Chasers". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Official Chronology of the US Navy in WWII". Ibiblio. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  4. ^ "Herring". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Ray". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "Okuyo Maru Gunboat 1938-1944". Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  7. ^ "DD-396". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  8. ^ Rohwer, Jürgen; Gerhard Hümmelchen. "Seekrieg 1943, Dezember". Württembergische Landesbibliothek Stuttgart (in German). Retrieved 26 July 2015. 
  9. ^ a b Jordan, Roger (1999). The world's merchant fleets, 1939. London: Chatham publishing. p. 453. ISBN 1 86176 023 X. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch Rohwer, Jürgen; Gerhard Hümmelchen. "Seekrieg 1944, Januar". Württembergische Landesbibliothek Stuttgart (in German). Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Liberty Ships - A". Mariners. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Britannia". Uboat. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  13. ^ "Japanese Oilers". CombinedFleet.com. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "Kingfish". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  15. ^ a b "Tautog". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  16. ^ a b c "Three Blockade Runners Sunk". The Times (49772). London. 5 February 1944. col D, p. 4. 
  17. ^ "MV Weserland (+1944)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  18. ^ "Japanese Oilers". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  19. ^ a b "Rasher". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  20. ^ "Japanese Submarine Chasers". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  21. ^ "M-36 of the Soviet Navy". Uboat.net. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  22. ^ a b c "MO-class small guard ship, USSR". Navypedia. Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  23. ^ "PT-145 of the US Navy". U Boat.net. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  24. ^ "Rio Grande (+1944)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  25. ^ a b "Sumner I. Kimball". Uboat. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  26. ^ "MV Burgenland (+1944)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  27. ^ a b c d "LCP,LCP(S), LCP(L), LCP(R) Landing Craft, Royal Navy". Navypedia. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  28. ^ "Pasman minelayer, Germany". Navypedia. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  29. ^ a b c d "MFP landing craft, Germany". Navypedia. Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
  30. ^ "Liberty Ships - R". Mariners. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  31. ^ "TA 7 (SG 20) Escort, Germany". Navypedia. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  32. ^ "HMS Wallasea T 345 of the Royal Navy". Uboat. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  33. ^ "Liberty Ships - W - Z". Mariners. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  34. ^ a b "World Aircraft Carriers list: Germany". Hazegray.org. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  35. ^ "Natal (5605718)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 31 March 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  36. ^ Rohwer, Jürgen; Gerhard Hümmelchen. "Seekrieg 1943, September". Württembergische Landesbibliothek Stuttgart (in German). Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  37. ^ a b c "NAVAL EVENTS, JANUARY-DECEMBER 1944 (in outline only)". Naval History. Retrieved 29 December 2011. 
  38. ^ "HMS Tweed (K 250)". Uboat. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  39. ^ "U-426". Uboat. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  40. ^ "U-757". Uboat. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  41. ^ a b "Official Chronology of the US Navy in WWII". Ibiblio. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  42. ^ a b c "Japanese Ore Carriers". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  43. ^ "No. 1 class landing boat, USSR". Navypedia. Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  44. ^ a b c "Yugoslavian Partizan navy in WWII (Caspian Sea and Pacific Ocean)". SovietEmpire.com. 30 January 2017. 
  45. ^ "Ocean Ships A-T". Mariners. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  46. ^ "auxiliary gunboats of World War II". Navypedia. Retrieved 5 January 2016. 
  47. ^ "PVO-10 class anti aircraft motorboat, USSR". Navypedia. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  48. ^ "Auxiliary Patrol and guard boats, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  49. ^ Schnellboot 1939 german-navy.de accessed 29 November 2013
  50. ^ "Japanese Repair Ships". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  51. ^ a b "Sturgeon". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  52. ^ a b "Auxiliary patrols and minesweepers converted from fishing vessels in WWII, Germany". Navypedia. Retrieved 9 January 2017. 
  53. ^ "CombinedFleet.com: Kuma Tabular Record of Movement". 
  54. ^ "Liberty Ships - Jonas - Justo". Mariners. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  55. ^ a b "Siebelfahre 40 and Siebelfahre 41, Germany". Navypedia. Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
  56. ^ "Selma (5606124)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 27 February 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  57. ^ Henriksen, Petter (ed.). "Filipstadeksplosjonen". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 27 February 2012. 
  58. ^ "Ex-French Merchants in Japanese Service". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 22 January 2016. 
  59. ^ "Ex-French Merchants in Japanese Service". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  60. ^ "Albacore". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  61. ^ a b "Japanese transports". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 25 December 2014. 
  62. ^ "H-1 and H-2 type motor gun boats". Navypedia. Retrieved 25 December 2014. 
  63. ^ "auxiliary gunboats of World War II". Navypedia. Retrieved 25 December 2014. 
  64. ^ "soviet Merchant Marine losses in WWII (Caspian Sea and Pacific Ocean)". Ship Nostalgia. 5 January 2016. 
  65. ^ "Japanese landing craft depot ships". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  66. ^ "Soviet Merchant Marine losses in WWII (Caspian Sea and Pacific Ocean)". Ship Nostalgia. 5 January 2016. 
  67. ^ "Official Chronology of the US Navy in WWII". Ibiblio. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  68. ^ "Bulmer". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  69. ^ "U-231". Uboat. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  70. ^ "Valaya Passenger ship 1918-1944". Wrecksite. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  71. ^ "HMS Adherant(W108) of the Royal Navy". Uboat. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  72. ^ "Entrerios (5606060)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 26 March 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  73. ^ "Japanese transports". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  74. ^ "Japanese Auxiliary oilers". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 15 January 2013. 
  75. ^ "Scamp". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  76. ^ "Japanese Auxiliary oilers". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  77. ^ "Wittekind (5602766)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 16 April 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  78. ^ "Official Chronology of the US Navy in WWII". Ibiblio. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  79. ^ a b c "Swordfish". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  80. ^ "Japanese Cable-Minelayers". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  81. ^ a b c "Swordfish". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  82. ^ a b c d "Thresher". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  83. ^ "auxiliary gunboats of World War II". Navypedia. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  84. ^ "Japanese Sub Chasers". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  85. ^ "Imperial Submarines". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  86. ^ "LCT 1029 of the LCT Mk 4 Class". Uboat. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  87. ^ "USS Macaw of the US Navy". Uboat. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  88. ^ a b c "Seahorse". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  89. ^ "Imperial Submarines". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 25 August 2014. 
  90. ^ "Liberty Ships - Se". Mariners. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  91. ^ "Casablanca". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  92. ^ "U-544". Uboat. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  93. ^ "Vaijan Kutur'e". Uboat. Retrieved 3 February 2012. 
  94. ^ "Japanese Submarines". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  95. ^ "Japanese Repair ships". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  96. ^ "Auxiliary Patrol and guard boats, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  97. ^ a b "Japanese Repair ships". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  98. ^ "L-23 of the Soviet Navy". Uboat.net. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  99. ^ "Norwegian Homefleet - WW II, Ships starting with Bo through Bø". Warsailors. Retrieved 8 February 2012. 
  100. ^ "Nanyu Maru No.1 Tanker 1944". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  101. ^ "Yoshida Maru Tanker (ex-gunboat) 1941-1944". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  102. ^ a b c "LCA Assault Landing Craft and LCS(M) Support Landing Craft, Royal Navy". Navypedia. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  103. ^ "USS LCI(L)32 of the US Navy". Uboat. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  104. ^ "USS LST-228 of the US Navy (1943-1944)". History.Navy.Mil. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  105. ^ "U-641". Uboat. Retrieved 14 April 2012. 
  106. ^ "Emsland (3003812)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 26 March 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  107. ^ a b "Fort Ships A-J". Mariners. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  108. ^ "Fort Buckingham". Uboat. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  109. ^ "Japanese Ore Carriers". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  110. ^ a b "Gar". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 31 December 2011. 
  111. ^ "No. 11 class Landing Tender (1942), USSR". Navypedia. Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  112. ^ "Japanese transports". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  113. ^ "Norwegian Homefleet - WW II, Ships starting with Sa through SN". Warsailors. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  114. ^ "U-263". Uboat. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  115. ^ "Armed Yachts of WWII, Germany". Navypedia. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  116. ^ "Japanese Army Auxiliary Transports". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  117. ^ "Auxiliary patrols and minesweepers converted from fishing vessels in WWII, Germany". Navypedia. Retrieved 5 January 2017. 
  118. ^ "CHA 40 1944". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  119. ^ a b "Tinosa". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  120. ^ "USS LCI(L)20 of the US Navy". Uboat. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  121. ^ "USS LCI(L)32 of the US Navy". Uboat. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  122. ^ "No. 11 class Landing Tender (1942), USSR". Navypedia. Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  123. ^ "German coastal minesweeper Type R-41". Warshipsww2.Eu. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  124. ^ "DD-484". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  125. ^ "Auxiliary Patrol and guard boats, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  126. ^ "Snook". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  127. ^ a b c "auxiliary gunboats of World War II". Navypedia. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  128. ^ "No. 11 class Landing Tender (1942), USSR". Navypedia. Retrieved 1 January 2016. 
  129. ^ "Japanese Army Auxiliary transports". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  130. ^ a b c "Japanese Aircraft Transports". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  131. ^ "USS LCT 185 of the US Navy". Uboat. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  132. ^ "Japanese Aircraft Transports". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 24 January 2013. 
  133. ^ a b "Japanese Salvage and repair Tugs". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  134. ^ "Sinking Of Hospital Ship". The Times (49765). London. 28 January 1944. col E, p. 4. 
  135. ^ a b "Liberty Ships - S". Mariners. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  136. ^ "Auxiliary Patrol and guard boats, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  137. ^ "Fort Ships K-S". Mariners. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  138. ^ "Japanese Salvage and repair Tugs". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  139. ^ "Norwegian Homefleet - WW II, Ships starting with M". Warsailors. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  140. ^ "Penelope Barker". Uboat. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  141. ^ "Long Lancers". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  142. ^ "Liberty Ships - W". Mariners. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  143. ^ "Andrew G. Curtin". Uboat. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  144. ^ "Fort Bellingham". Uboat. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  145. ^ "Official Chronology of the US Navy in WWII". Ibiblio. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  146. ^ "LCI-32(Landing Craft, Infantry) 1944". Wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 26 January 2013. 
  147. ^ "LST 411 of the LST Mk 2 Class". Uboat. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  148. ^ "LST 422 of the LST Mk 2 Class". Uboat. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  149. ^ "Skipjack". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  150. ^ "Japanese Transports". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 26 January 2013. 
  151. ^ "PT-110 of the US Navy". U Boat.net. Retrieved 26 January 2013. 
  152. ^ "USS -PTC-38". Uboat. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  153. ^ "USS PTC-39". Uboat. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  154. ^ "Samouri". Uboat. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  155. ^ "WWI STANDARD BUILT SHIPS L - W". Mariners. Retrieved 8 May 2011. 
  156. ^ "Surada". Uboat. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  157. ^ Mitchell, W H, and Sawyer, L A (1995). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press Ltd. p. not cited. ISBN 1-85044-275-4. 
  158. ^ "Official Cronology of the US Navy in WWII". Ibiblio. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  159. ^ a b "Japanese Submarines". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  160. ^ "Heinrich Schulte (1142460)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 28 March 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  161. ^ "Johann Schulte (2219957)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 29 March 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  162. ^ "German coastal minesweeper Type R-151". Warshipsww2.Eu. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  163. ^ "U-271". Uboat. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  164. ^ "Kaldnes (5614149)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 1 May 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  165. ^ "Olga G. Embiricos". Uboat. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 
  166. ^ "Angler". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  167. ^ "Armed Yacht HMS Oracle". Uboat. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 
  168. ^ "U-364". Uboat. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  169. ^ a b "Japanese transports". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  170. ^ "Auxiliary Patrol and guard boats, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  171. ^ a b c "1-Go auxiliary submarine chasers". Navypedia. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  172. ^ "Japanese transports". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  173. ^ "Auxiliary Patrol and guard boats, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  174. ^ "Auxiliary Submarine Chasers of WW II, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  175. ^ "t1 type motor torpedo boats". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  176. ^ "Hanau (5605570)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 19 July 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  177. ^ "Auxiliary Patrol and guard boats, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  178. ^ "M-451 (6116050)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 16 October 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  179. ^ "Auxiliary Patrol and guard boats, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  180. ^ "Auxiliary Patrol and guard boats, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  181. ^ "Official Chronology of the U S Navy in WWII: 1944". Imbiblio. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  182. ^ "Auxiliary Submarine Chasers of WW II, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  183. ^ "Auxiliary Patrol and guard boats, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  184. ^ "Auxiliary Patrol and guard boats, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  185. ^ "Auxiliary Patrol and guard boats, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  186. ^ "Auxiliary Minesweepers of WW II, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  187. ^ "Auxiliary Minesweepers of WW II, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  188. ^ "Spearfish". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  189. ^ "Japanese transports". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  190. ^ "U-314". Uboat. Retrieved 16 March 2012. 
  191. ^ "Auxiliary Patrol and guard boats, Japan". Navypedia. Retrieved 6 February 2017. 
  192. ^ "Tullibee". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  193. ^ "Norwegian Homefleet - WW II, Ships starting with L". Warsailors. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  194. ^ "Ruhrort (5614811)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 15 August 2012. (subscription required (help)). 
  195. ^ "U-592". Uboat. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  196. ^ "Trigger". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 1 January 2012. 
  197. ^ "LCI(L)-85 of the Royal Navy". Uboat. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  198. ^ "LCM Landing Craft, Royal Navy". Navypedia. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  199. ^ "Ocean Ships V-W". Mariners. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  200. ^ naval-history.net HMS Wanderer
  201. ^ "U-305". Uboat. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
Ship events in 1944
Ship launches: 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949
Ship commissionings: 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949
Ship decommissionings: 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949
Shipwrecks: 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949