List of shipwrecks in May 1863

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The list of shipwrecks in May 1863 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during May 1863.

May 1863
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31 Unknown date

1 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Two unidentified schooners  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: A boat expedition from the armed screw steamers USS Western World and USS Crusader (both  United States Navy) burned the schooners, which were aground and full of water on the York River at Milford Haven, Virginia.[1][2]

3 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 May 1863
Ship Country Description
George Sturgess  United States American Civil War: The 47-ton screw tug and the two barges she was towing were set afire on the Mississippi River by Confederate artillery firing from Vicksburg, Mississippi.[3]
Minnesota  United States American Civil War: The 142-ton sternwheel towboat was towing three barges – one carrying sutler′s stores and the other two loaded with coal – when she was captured by Confederate forces on the Mississippi River at Argyle Landing, 3 miles (4.8 km) above Greenville, Mississippi. The Confederates destroyed her and all three barges.[4]
Sea Lark  United States American Civil War: The 973-ton clipper, bound from Boston, Massachusetts, or New York City (sources disagree) to San Francisco, California, with general cargo, was captured and burned in the South Atlantic Ocean near Bahia, Brazil, at 9°39′S 32°44′W / 9.650°S 32.733°W / -9.650; -32.733 (Sea Lark) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Alabama ( Confederate States Navy).[1][5][6]
Union Jack  United States American Civil War: The 483-ton bark, bound from Boston, Massachusetts, for Shanghai, China, with general cargo and six passengers, was captured and burned in the Atlantic Ocean near Bahia, Brazil, at 9°40′S 32°30′W / 9.667°S 32.500°W / -9.667; -32.500 (Union Jack) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Alabama ( Confederate States Navy).[1][5][6]

4 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Surprise  United States The 456-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was destroyed by fire after colliding with Hu Quang (flag unknown) on the Yangtze River in China.[7]

5 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Sallie List  United States The 212-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Missouri River 5 miles (8 km) above Kickapoo, Kansas. She was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.[8]

6 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Majestic  United States The 648-ton sidewheel paddle steamer burned on the Mississippi River at Island Number Eight near Hickman, Kentucky.[9]

8 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Sophia  United States American Civil War, Union blockade: Disabled by a storm in the North Atlantic Ocean after being captured by the schooner USS Dan Smith ( United States Navy), the schooner was abandoned at 38°30′N 69°00′W / 38.500°N 69.000°W / 38.500; -69.000 (Sophia) by her U.S. Navy prize crew, which was taken aboard the barque Aurora ( Italy). The abandoned wreck of Sophia was found later aground on Egg Island on the coast of Georgia.[10]

10 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Hanover  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was chased ashore and burned by boat crews from the gunboats USS Owasco and USS Katahdin (both  United States Navy) on the coast of Texas near Galveston.[1][11]

12 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Unidentified schooner Unknown American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was destroyed at Murrells Inlet, South Carolina, by the gunboat USS Conemaugh ( United States Navy) and other United States Navy ships.[12]

13 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Crown Point  United States American Civil War: During a voyage from New York City to San Francisco, California, with assorted cargo, the clipper was captured and burned in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Brazil by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Florida ( Confederate States Navy).[1][13][14]
CSS J. F. Pargoud  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The 338- or 522-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was scuttled by Confederate forces in the Yazoo River adjacent to Fort Pemberton 3 miles (5 km) from Greenwood, Mississippi, to prevent her capture by Union forces. The Confederates burned the wreck on 14 July.[15][16][17]

15 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Amelia  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was abandoned and sank in the North Atlantic Ocean after colliding with another prize ship and springing a serious leak during a storm while under tow off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. The schooner Halitia ( United Kingdom) rescued her crew. The screw steamer USS Flag ( United States Navy) had captured Amelia when she attempted to run the Union blockade at Charleston, South Carolina, with a cargo of cotton on 8 May.[1][18]

17 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Cuba  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The blockade runner′s crew burned her in the Gulf of Mexico to prevent her capture by the sidewheel gunboat USS De Soto ( United States Navy).[1]

18 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Isabel  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was captured and burned nin the Gulf of Mexico near Fort Morgan, Alabama, by a boat crew from the screw steamer USS R. R. Cuyler ( United States Navy).[1]
USS Shepherd Knapp  United States Navy American Civil War: The armed full-rigged ship was wrecked on a coral reef in the North Atlantic Ocean off Cap-Haïtien, Haiti, and was abandoned.[19]
Walcott Unknown The brig was lost at Bowens Landing, California.[20]

19 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Norseman  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Attempting to run the Union blockade with a cargo of cotton and possibly gold, the 49- or 197-ton screw steamer struck the wreck of the screw steamer Georgiana ( Confederate States of America) and sank in Maffitt's Channel near Isle of Palms off Charleston, South Carolina.[21]

21 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Galveston Unknown The brig was stranded at Kents Point at Mendocino, California.[22]
CSS Mobile  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The screw steamer was burned – possibly while laid up and undergoing conversion into a gunboat – at Yazoo City, Mississippi, to prevent her capture by Union forces.[23]
CSS Republic  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: Union forces found the charred remains of the sidewheel paddle steamer, under conversion to an ironclad ram when Confederate forces burned her to prevent her capture by Union forces, in the navy yard at Yazoo City, Mississippi.[24]

22 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Golden Age  Confederate States of America American Civil War: Confederate forces scuttled the sidewheel paddle steamer as a blockship in the Yazoo River in Mississippi about 15 miles (24 km) below Fort Pemberton. Union forces later burned the wreck to the waterline.[15][25]
John Walsh  Confederate States of America American Civil War: Confederate forces scuttled the 809-ton sidewheel paddle steamer as a blockship in the Yazoo River in Mississippi 15 miles (24 km) below Greenwood. Later in the month, the armed sternwheel paddle steamer USS Forest Rose, armed sternwheel paddle steamer USS Linden, and tinclad steamer USS Petrel (all  United States Navy burned the wreck to the waterline.[15][25]
R. J. Lockland (or R. J. Lackland)  Confederate States of America American Civil War: As United States Navy gunboats approached, the 710-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned to the waterline and scuttled by Confederate forces in the Yazoo River 15 miles (24 km) below Greenwood, Mississippi, to block the channel and prevent her capture by Union forces.[15][26][27]
Magenta  United States The 424-ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank without loss of life in a bend of the Missouri River below De Witt, Missouri. The vessel and her cargo both were a total loss.[8]
Scotland  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The 567-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was scuttled by Confederate forces in the Yazoo River 15 miles (24 km) below Greenwood, Mississippi, to block the channel and prevent her capture by Union forces. Union forces later burned her wreck to the waterline.[15][28][29]
Sea Bird  United States American Civil War: The schooner, loaded with a cargo of United States Navy coal, was captured and set afire by Confederate guerrillas on the Neuse River in North Carolina. The steamer Allison ( United States Army) found the burning schooner and completed her destruction after Allison′s crew had removed her cargo.[1][30]

23 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Caroline Anderson  United States American Civil War: The schooner burned in the waters of Virginia. The armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Coeur de Lion ( United States Navy) rescued her crew and fired 16 shells into her to scuttle her.[31]

25 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 May 1863
Ship Country Description
S. Gildersleeve  United States American Civil War: The 848-ton full-rigged ship, bound for Calcutta, India, from London, England, with a cargo of coal from the United Kingdom, was captured and burned in the South Atlantic Ocean off Bahia, Brazil, bear 12°04′00″S 35°10′45″W / 12.06667°S 35.17917°W / -12.06667; -35.17917 (S. Gildersleeve) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Alabama ( Confederate States Navy).[1][5][6]

27 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Charity  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was captured and burned at Piney Point on the Yeocomico River in Virginia by boats from the armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Coeur de Lion and the gunboat USS Eureka (both  United States Navy).[1][31]
CSS Chattahoochee  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The gunboat was sunk at her anchorage in the Chattahoochee River at Blountstown, Florida, by a boiler explosion, with the loss of 18 lives. She was refloated but never fully repaired.
USS Cincinnati  United States Navy American Civil War: The sternwheel casemate ironclad was sunk in the Mississippi River by gunfire from Confederate artillery at Vicksburg, Mississippi, suffering five killed and 14 wounded by Confederate gunfire and another 15 drowned or missing. She later was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.[32]
Flight  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was burned on the Yeocomico River in Virginia by boats from the armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Coeur de Lion and the gunboat USS Eureka (both  United States Navy).[1][33]
Gazelle  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was burned in the Yeocomico River in Virginia by boats from the armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Coeur de Lion and the gunboat USS Eureka (both  United States Navy).[1][34]
USS G. L. Brockenborough  United States Navy American Civil War, Union blockade: The sloop was wrecked by a gale on the coast of Florida at St. George's Sound.[35]

28 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Arctic  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: After being captured in the eastern branch of the Yeocomico River or Wicomico Creek in Virginia by the armed tug USS Satellite ( United States Navy), the schooner was burned by the armed tug USS Thomas Freeborn ( United States Navy).[36]
USS Lily  United States Navy American Civil War: The tugboat sank in the Yazoo River near Chickasaw Bayou in Warren County, Mississippi, after colliding with the ironclad ram USS Choctaw ( United States Navy).

29 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 May 1863
Ship Country Description
USS Amanda  United States Navy American Civil War: The 368-ton bark, driven aground by a storm in St. George Sound on the coast of Florida in Franklin County near Dog Island on 27 May, was burned by her crew to prevent her capture by Confederate forces.[37][38]
Andrew Manderson  United States American Civil War: The 368-ton bark, a collier, was wrecked by a gale at Sand Island on the coast of Florida.[37]
Jabez Snow  United States American Civil War: The 1,074-ton ship, bound from Cardiff, Wales, to Montevideo, Uruguay, and Calcutta, India, with a cargo of coal, was captured and burned in the South Atlantic Ocean near Brazil at 13°25′11″S 35°38′00″W / 13.41972°S 35.63333°W / -13.41972; -35.63333 (Jabez Snow) by the screw sloop-of-war CSS Alabama ( Confederate States Navy).[5][1][39]
Relief  United States American Civil War: The schooner was burned by Confederate forces at Point Isabel, Texas.[40]

30 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 May 1863
Ship Country Description
Eager  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Loaded with a cargo of assorted merchandise, the schooner was burned by the Confederates at a wharf near the custom house at Point Isabel near Brazos Santiago, Texas, to prevent her capture when launches from the sloop-of-war USS Brooklyn ( United States Navy) approached.[11]
Emma Bett  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The 79-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was captured and burned in the Quiver River in Mississippi by a boat expedition from the armed sternwheel paddle steamer USS Forest Rose and the armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Linden (both  United States Navy).[1][41][42]
Margaret and Jessie  Confederate States of America American Civil War: Damaged by gunfire from the sidewheel paddle steamer USS Rhode Island ( United States Navy) while trying to run the Union blockade with a large cargo of cotton and 16 passengers on board, the steamer was run aground on Eleuthera in the Bahamas by her crew to prevent her from sinking. Gunfire from Rhode Island killed one person aboard Margaret and Jessie.[1][43]
Star  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was captured, run aground, and burned at Point Isabel near Brazos Santiago, Texas, by a shore party from the sloop-of-war USS Brooklyn ( United States Navy).[40]
Victoria  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The 100-ton sloop was captured at Point Isabel near Brazos Santiago, Texas, by a four-boat expedition from the sloop-of-war USS Brooklyn ( United States Navy). The boat crews burned her after she ran aground as they attempted to get her into the Gulf of Mexico.[1][44]

31 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 May 1863
Ship Country Description
USS Alert  United States Navy The armed tug burned and sank while moored at a wharf at Gosport Navy Yard in Portsmouth, Virginia. She was refloated, repaired, and returned to service.[36]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date May 1863
Ship Country Description
Alonzo Child  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The 493-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was shot to pieces at Snyder's Bluff on the Yazoo River in Mississippi by the ironclad gunboat USS Baron DeKalb ( United States Navy). Union forces scuttled her wreck as a blockship in the Yazoo River at Haynes' Bluff in Mississippi.
CSS Dew Drop (or Dewdrop)  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: Carrying a cargo of commissary stores, the 184-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned to the waterline and sunk as a blockship by Confederate forces in the Quiver River 15 miles (24 km) below Greenwood, Mississippi, on 25 or 30 May. A boat expedition from the armed sternwheel paddle steamer USS Forest Rose and the armed sidewheel paddle steamer USS Linden (both  United States Navy) boarded her wreck on 30 May and set it afire, completeing her destruction.[15][42]
Flying Cloud  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The sloop was sunk in Tabb's Creek in Virginia.[33]
CSS Ivy  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The sidewheel paddle steamer was burned on the Yazoo River in Mississippi to prevent her capture by Union forces.
CSS Magenta  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The 782-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was burned by Confederate forces in the Yazoo River in Mississippi about 5 miles (8 km) above Yazoo City sometime between 24 and 31 May to prevent her capture by approaching United States Navy gunboats.[15][45][46]
Thomas F. Secor  United States American Civil War: The 210-ton full-rigged ship burned at Seabrook's Landing at Hilton Head, South Carolina.[47]
Two unidentified barges  United States American Civil War: The coal barges were scuttled in the lower part of the Alexandria Falls on the Red River of the South in Louisiana to raise the water level so that Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter′s fleet ( United States Navy) could escape downstream.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q usnlp.org Navy Chronology of the Civil War, January-June 1863
  2. ^ Gaines, p. 192.
  3. ^ Gaines, pp. 95, 105.
  4. ^ Gaines, pp. 100, 105.
  5. ^ a b c d Ahoy - Mac's Web Log "Marauders of the Sea, Confederate Merchant Raiders During the American Civil War: CSS Alabama. 1862-1864. Captain Raphael Semmes"
  6. ^ a b c Gaines, p. 24.
  7. ^ Gaines, p. 35.
  8. ^ a b Gaines, p. 107.
  9. ^ Gaines, p. 99.
  10. ^ Gaines, pp. 50-51.
  11. ^ a b Gaines, p. 168.
  12. ^ Gaines, p. 157.
  13. ^ Ahoy - Mac's Web Log "Marauders of the Sea, Confederate Merchant Raiders During the American Civil War: CSS Florida. 1862-1863. Captain John Newland Maffitt. CSS Florida. 1864. Captain Charles M. Morris"
  14. ^ Gaines, p. 13.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g usnlp.org Navy Chronology of the Civil War, July-December 1863
  16. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Pargourd
  17. ^ Gaines, p. 87.
  18. ^ Gaines, p. 113.
  19. ^ Gaines, p. 34.
  20. ^ Gaines, p. 31.
  21. ^ Gaines, p. 152.
  22. ^ Gaines, p. 27.
  23. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Mobile
  24. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Republic (side-wheel steamer)
  25. ^ a b Gaines, pp. 85, 88.
  26. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: R. J. Lockland (side-wheel steamer)
  27. ^ Gaines, p. 88.
  28. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Scotland
  29. ^ Gaines, pp. 88-89.
  30. ^ Gaines, p. 128.
  31. ^ a b Gaines p. 176.
  32. ^ Gaines, p. 92.
  33. ^ a b Gaines, p. 180.
  34. ^ Gaines, p. 181.
  35. ^ Gaines, p. 40.
  36. ^ a b Gaines, p. 175.
  37. ^ a b Gaines, p. 38.
  38. ^ Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships: Amanda
  39. ^ Gaines, p. 23.
  40. ^ a b Gaines, p. 171.
  41. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Emma Betts
  42. ^ a b Gaines, p. 84.
  43. ^ Gaines, p. 19.
  44. ^ Gaines, p. 172.
  45. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command: Confederate Ships: Magenta
  46. ^ Gaines, p. 86.
  47. ^ Gaines, p. 156.

Bibliography[edit]


Ship events in 1863
Ship launches: 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868
Ship commissionings: 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868
Ship decommissionings: 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868
Shipwrecks: 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868