List of shipwrecks in the 16th century

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The list of shipwrecks in the 16th century includes ships sunk, wrecked or otherwise lost between (and including) the years 1501 to 1600.

1501–1510[edit]

1502[edit]

  • 11 July El Dorado: The Spanish carrack sank during a hurricane in the Mona Channel between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico with the loss of all on board. El Dorado was the flagship of a thirty-two strong fleet heading for Spain. Sources vary but at least another sixteen ships were also wrecked.[1]
  • 11 July Santa Maria del Antigua: Part of the fleet led by Francisco de Bobadilla, the Spanish carrack sank during a hurricane off Santo Domingo.[2]
  • 5 October Mîrî: Attacked by Captain Matoso on the orders of Vasco da Gama, the pilgrim ship was captured at Madayi, India and the cargo taken. The Muslim pilgrims travelling from Calicut, India to Mecca were locked in the hold, the ship set on fire and sunk by artillery taking several days to sink. The survivors were speared by Portuguese soldiers and an estimated three hundred people killed. The ship was a victim of the 4th Portuguese India Armada led by Vasco da Gama.[3][4]
  • unknown date San Antón: The Spanish caravel ran agound on the (future) site of Port-au-Prince, Haiti while attempting to recover gold from the wreck of the Santa María de Gracia. The crew was picked up by the Santo Domingo.[5]
  • unknown date Santa María de Gracia: The Spanish caravel sank near the coast of Hispaniola after the hull was weakened by shipworm.[6]

1503[edit]

1511–1520[edit]

1511[edit]

  • 20 April — São Pedro (1495–1521 Portugal): While on a journey to India, with five other caravels under the command of Garcia de Noronha, the islets of Saint Peter and Saint Paul was accidentally discovered when the São Pedro sailed onto one of them.[8] The crew was rescued by the Saint Paul, hence the name of the archipelago.

1512[edit]

1514[edit]

  • 21 February (first report) — Unidentified ( Spain): Lost at Polkemyas (now known as Porth Kidney sands), near Lelant, St Ives Bay, Cornwall, in the manor of Lelant and Trevethowe. She was carrying a cargo of cloth (including scarlet).[10]

1515[edit]

1516[edit]

1517[edit]

1517 or 1518[edit]

  • Unidentified vessel: Wrecked near Carrack Loys, near Marckayowe (St Michael's Mount), Cornwall with a cargo of hogsheads of wine, which was divided between James Chynowythe, Richard Pendre and Sir John Arundell.[12]

1518[edit]

  • Unidentified vessel: Wrecked in "Whitson Bay at the Lands End", Cornwall witnessed by John Davye. She was carrying wines and fruit and all on board were saved.[13]

1520[edit]

1521–1530[edit]

1521[edit]

1523[edit]

1525[edit]

1526[edit]

1527[edit]

1531–1540[edit]

1531[edit]

  • Unidentified vessel Wrecked on the cliffs near "Innyall Chappell (Chapel Jane, Gurnard's Head), Cornwall with the loss of all on board. The vessel was carrying salt. Anchors, cables and timber was salvaged and shared 50/50 between the finders and Sir John Arundell, Master Lord of the Franchise.[30]

1532[edit]

  • (First report) — Unidentified vessels: Harry Angwyne sworn at Court that he often saw wrecks of timbers cast on the land at Whitsonbay and other places around Land's End, Cornwall.[13]
  • (First report) — Unidentified vessel: Lost at the Longships, off Land's End, Cornwall.[13]
  • (First report) — Unidentified vessel: Barrel of tar washed up at Gwynver, Sennen, Cornwall and barrel of flower (flour) washed up in Whitson Bay in Gonhellye under Meen.[13]

1533[edit]

  • Bom Jesus ( Portugal). The ship was wrecked on the coast of Africa while on a voyage from Lisbon to India.[31]

1537[edit]

1540[edit]

1541–1550[edit]

1542[edit]

1543[edit]

1544[edit]

1545[edit]

1550[edit]

1551–1560[edit]

1552[edit]

  • 8 June — São João (1521–1578 Portugal): The galleon was wrecked during a storm near Port Edward, South Africa. Approximately 120 died in the wreck while the remaining 500 survivors had to march to the mouth of the Maputo River. Only twenty-five survived due to attacks from indigenous people, starvation and disease.[46]
  • La Magdalena ( Spain): The nau was wrecked in the Azores.[47]
  • Santiago ( Spain): The nau sank in the harbour at Angra, Terceira Island, Azores after unloading the cargo from Mexico.[48]

1554[edit]

1555[edit]

1556[edit]

1557[edit]

1558[edit]

  • 25 February — San Sebastian ( Spain): The carrack (nau) ran aground during a gale on the coast of Chile near Canal Trinidad.[63]
  • Unidentified A ship carrying people from Dublin is said to have run aground off Rathlin Island, northern Ireland.[64]

1559[edit]

  • 21 November — Nossa Senhora da Graça (1521–1578 Portugal): The carrack (nau) foundered during a storm and sank between Mozambique and Cochin, India. The crew were rescued by the Aquia (1521–1578 Portugal and the captain died shortly after.[65]

1561–1570[edit]

1564[edit]

1565[edit]

  • San Juan ( Spain): A Basque whaling ship sank at Red Bay, Labrador.
  • Unnamed sailing vessel foundered in Mount's Bay, Cornwall, possibly near Newlyn where an anchor was found. The year of loss is given as the 7th or 8th year of Elizabeth I reign (beginning 17 November 1565 to 1567).[67]

1567[edit]

1570[edit]

  • Victoria ( Spain): The first ship to circumnavigate the globe (1519-1522), the carrack foundered on a voyage from Seville to the Antilles with the loss of all hands.

1571–1580[edit]

1573[edit]

  • (First report) John ( England): Wrecked on the Pole Sand at Exmouth, Devon with pilot John Parsons aboard. The Lympstone ship was heading for Exeter from Newfoundland with 70,000 salt fish (known as Newfoundland fish). The ship broke up and 18,000 fish were lost, to the value of £200 "... by his (the pilot) craft, fault, ignorance, rashness and negligence caused the ship to strike the sands and rocks of the sea".[10]
  • 17 April — Unnamed ship (Habsburg Netherlands): The unknown sloop-of-war may have been one of the ships sunk during the Battle of Flushing.[69]
  • April — ( Spain): During the Eighty Years' War a number of Spanish warships were lost in a battle with the Dutch fleet, when attempting to break a blockade on Middelburg.[69]

1578[edit]

1579[edit]

  • 29 October — Iveglia ( Spain): The three-masted carrack ran aground on reefs near Porto Pidocchio. Iveglia, carrying artillery and textiles, was stopped from entering the harbour at Camogli, Genoa because of an infectious disease in the port; some of the ship's crew were saved.[71]

1580[edit]

1581–1590[edit]

1583[edit]

1584[edit]

  • 26 January — Louvois Blanc The barque was lost on the French coast opposite Île de Ré.[77]
  • February — Trinidad ( Spain): The carrack (nau) was in poor condition and deliberately ran aground near Cape Virgenes, Argentina. Trinidad was one of a twenty-three strong expedition, led by Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa, to colonise the Strait of Megellan. Items from the ship were used to equipe the colony of Nombre de Jesus, Argentina.[78]

1585[edit]

1587[edit]

1588[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

Unknown date[edit]

1589[edit]

1589 or 1590[edit]

  • Unknown date — Unidentified small galleon: Captured on the Spanish Main in the summer of 1589 by George Clifford, the Earl of Cumberland, and sent home as a "prize" the following winter. Under the command of Christopher Lister and with a cargo of looted silver, she was lost with all hands in a gale near Penzance, Cornwall.[119]

1591–1600[edit]

1591[edit]

1592[edit]

1593[edit]

1594[edit]

  • 13 June — Chagas ( Portugal): The nau caught fire and sank after a battle against three English privateers off Faial Island, Azores. The thirteen survivors (out of four hundred) were captured by the English.[135]
  • 24 July — Madre de Deus ( Portugal): Out of India the nau ran aground on Flores in the Azores.[136]

1595[edit]

1596[edit]

1597[edit]

1598[edit]

1600[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Avec43. "El Dorado (+1502)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  2. ^ Avec43. "SV Santa Maria del Antigua (+1502)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  3. ^ Lettens, Jan. "Miri (Mîrî) (+1502)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  4. ^ Nambiar O.K, The Kunjalis - Admirals of Calicut, Bombay, 1963.
  5. ^ Avec43. "SV San Antón (+1502)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  6. ^ Avec43. "Santa María de Gracia". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  7. ^ a b Lettens, Jan. "Esmeralda (Leitoa Nova) (+1503)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  8. ^ Lettens, Jan. "San Pedro (+1511)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  9. ^ Avec43. "HMS Regent (+1512)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i Larn, Richard; Larn, Bridget (1997). Shipwreck Index of the British Isles. London: Lloyd's Register of Shipping.
  11. ^ Avec43. "Lomellina (+1516)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  12. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 1461410". PastScape. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
  13. ^ a b c d Larn, Richard; Mills, G Edwin (1970). Shipwrecks at Land's End. p. 34.
  14. ^ Avec43. "SV Santiago (+1520)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  15. ^ Lettens, Jan. "Studland Bay wreck [+1520]". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  16. ^ Avec43. "SV Concepción (+1521)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  17. ^ Avec43. "Nao (+1523)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  18. ^ Avec43. "SV Corpo Santo (+1525)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  19. ^ Avec43. "SV Sancti Spiritus (+1526)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  20. ^ Avec43. "SV Anunciada (+1526)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  21. ^ Lettens, Jan. "Pedro Serrano's patache (+1526)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  22. ^ Souhami, Diana (2001) Selkirk's Island, Weidenfeld & Nicolson
  23. ^ Avec43. "SV San Lesmes (+1526)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  24. ^ Avec43. "SV San Gabriel (+1526)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  25. ^ Avec43. "SV Santa Maria del Parral (+1526)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  26. ^ Avec43. "SV Santa Teresa (+1526)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  27. ^ Camidge, Kevin (2008). "St Anthony's Finds Record". Archaeology Data Service. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  28. ^ Lettens, Jan. "Saint Andrew [+1526]". wrecksite. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  29. ^ Historic England. "St Antony (1000067)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  30. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 1086224". PastScape. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  31. ^ Harvey, Ian (3 August 2016). "Miners in Namibia discovered a ship carrying $9 million worth of Gold". The Vintage News. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  32. ^ Avec43. "SV Concepción (+1537)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  33. ^ Avec43. "SV Capitana (+1540)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  34. ^ "SV Trinidad (+1540)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  35. ^ a b c d e f g Larn, Richard (1977). Goodwin Sands Shipwrecks. Newton Abbot, London, North Pomfret: David & Charles. pp. 32–25. ISBN 0 7153 7202 5.
  36. ^ De Maisonneuve, Bernard. "Bonne Aventure (+1542)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  37. ^ Avec43. "SV Grifo (+1542)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  38. ^ Avec43. "SV San Juan (+1542)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  39. ^ Gaetan, Algoet. "San Miguel (+1542)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  40. ^ San Claudio, Miguel. "Capitana de la Saane (+1543)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  41. ^ De Maisonneuve, Bernard. "Moutier (+1543)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  42. ^ Lettens, Jan. "Mary Rose [+1545]". Wrecksite. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
  43. ^ Algoet, Gaetan. "Santa Clara (+1545)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  44. ^ Lettens, Jan. "Pwll Fanog wreck [+1550]". Wrecksite. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  45. ^ Avec43. "SV Santa Maria de la Piedad (+1550)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  46. ^ Vleggeert, Nico. "SV Sao Joao (+1552)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  47. ^ Avec43. "SV La Magdalena (+1552)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  48. ^ Avec43. "SV Santiago (+1552)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  49. ^ Vleggeert, Nico. "SV Sao Bento (+1554)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  50. ^ a b c Allen, Tony. "SV Espiritu Santo (+1554)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  51. ^ Avec43. "SV Bona Confidentia (+1554)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  52. ^ Avec43. "SV Bona Esperanza (+1554)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  53. ^ Avec43. "SV La Maria (+1554)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  54. ^ Avec43. "SV Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe (+1554)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  55. ^ Allen, Tony. "Santa Maria de Camino (+1554)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  56. ^ Avec43. "SV Ascenção (Algarvia Velha) (+1555)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  57. ^ Larn, Richard (1992). The Shipwrecks of the Isles of Scilly. Nairn: Thomas & Lochar. ISBN 0-946537-84-4.
  58. ^ Avec43. "SV Nossa Senhora da Ajuda (+1556)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  59. ^ Avec43. "SV Nossa Senhora da Assunção (+1556)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  60. ^ Avec43. "SV Nossa Senhora da Vitória (+1556)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  61. ^ Allen, Tony. "Sancta Salbador (+1556)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  62. ^ Avec43. "SV Abrigada (+1557)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  63. ^ Avec43. "SV San Sebastian (+1558)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  64. ^ Lettens, Jan. "?55°17'XXXN-006°12'XXXW (+1558)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  65. ^ Avec43. "SV Nossa Senhora da Graça (+1559)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  66. ^ Pablobini. "Mars (Makalös) (+1564)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  67. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 1462300". PastScape. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  68. ^ Avec43. "SV La Concepción (+1567)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  69. ^ a b "Warship (16th century) (+1573)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  70. ^ Avec43. "SV Marigold (+1578)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  71. ^ Lettens, Jan. "SV Iveglia (+1579)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  72. ^ Avec43. "Santa Catalina (+1580)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  73. ^ "HMS Delight - 1583". Marine Heritage Database. Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  74. ^ Avec43. "SV Squirrel (+1583)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  75. ^ Quinn, David B. (1979) [1966]. "Gilbert, Sir Humphrey". In Brown, George Williams. Dictionary of Canadian Biography. I (1000–1700) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
  76. ^ Avec43. "SV Catalina (+1583)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  77. ^ De Maisonneuve, Bernard. "Louvois Blanc (+1584)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  78. ^ Avec43. "SV Trinidad (+1584)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  79. ^ Lettens, Jan. "SV Santiago (+1585)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  80. ^ Avec43. "São Filipe (+1587)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  81. ^ AVec43. "SV Santiago (+1587)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  82. ^ Avec43; Lettens, Jan. "Bazana (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  83. ^ Lettens, Jan. "San Salvador (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  84. ^ Boddie, John Bennett (April 1934). "Boddie of Essex, England and Virginia". William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine. 14 (2): 114–140. JSTOR 1915674.
  85. ^ Avec43. "São Mateus (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  86. ^ Avec43. "Santa Maria Rata Encoronada (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  87. ^ Avec43. "São Felipe (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  88. ^ Avec43. "San Juan (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  89. ^ Avec43. "San Lorenzo (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  90. ^ Avec43. "Maria Juan (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  91. ^ Avec43. "Capitana (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  92. ^ Lettens, Jan; Avec43. "Barca de Amburgo (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  93. ^ Avec43. "Castillo Negro (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  94. ^ Avec43. "La Trinidad Valencera [+1588]". Wrecksite. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  95. ^ Avec43. "San Nicolás (Sveti Nikola) (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  96. ^ Nixon, Kendall. "São Marcos (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  97. ^ Avec43; Lettens, Jan. "Anunciada (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  98. ^ O'Brien, John (1979). "The Spanish Armada and the fate of some of its ships off the west Clare coast". Clare County Library. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  99. ^ Avec43. "San Esteban (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  100. ^ Ødegaard, T (2001). Alonso de Olmos' etterlatte documenter: Om det spanske armadaskipet "Santiago" som forliste i Sunnhordland i året 1588. Fredrikstad: Kystforlaget. ISBN 8299453313.
  101. ^ Lettens, Jan; Avec43. "Santa Maria De La Rosa [+1588]". Wrecksite. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  102. ^ Avec43. "Ciervo Volante". Wrecksite. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  103. ^ Avec43. "Gran Grin (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  104. ^ Avec43. "Concepción de Juanes del Cano (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  105. ^ Avec43. "Falcón Blanco Menor (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  106. ^ Lettens, Jan. "Juliana [+1588]". Wrecksite. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  107. ^ Avec43. "La Lavia [+1588]". Wrecksite. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  108. ^ Avec43. "San Juan Bautista (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  109. ^ Avec43. "Santa Maria de Visión (de Biscione) [+1588]". Wrecksite. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  110. ^ Avec43. "Duquesa Santa Ana (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  111. ^ Lettens, Jan. "El Gran Grifon (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  112. ^ Avec43; Lettens, Jan. "Girona [+1588]". Wrecksite. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  113. ^ Avec43. "Doncella (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
  114. ^ Avec43. "Maria de Aguirre (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  115. ^ Avec43. "San Antonio de Padua (+1588)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  116. ^ Lettens, Jan. "Santo Christo De Castello". Wrecksite. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
  117. ^ Avec43. "SV Nuestra Señora de Guia (+1589)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  118. ^ Avec43. "Ragusana (Regazona) (+1589)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  119. ^ Carter, C. (1998). The Port of Penzance. Lydney: Black Dwarf Publications. ISBN 0-9533028-0-6.
  120. ^ Avec43. "SV Espiritu Sanctu (+1591)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  121. ^ Avec43. "SV Santa Cruz (+1591)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  122. ^ Avec43. "Assunción (+1591)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  123. ^ Avec43. "La Serena (+1591)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  124. ^ Avec43. "Revenge (+1591)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  125. ^ Avec43. "San Medel y Celedón (+1591)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  126. ^ Avec43. "Vegoña (+1591)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  127. ^ Aves43. "SV Whiite Duyve (+1591)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  128. ^ Avec43. "SV Santa Maria del Puerto (+1591)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  129. ^ Lettens, Jan. "Spanish Galleon (+1591)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  130. ^ Avec43. "SV Black (+1592)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 16 October 2014.
  131. ^ "Makeshift HMS? [+1592]". wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 25 Aug 2015.
  132. ^ Avec43. "SV Santo Alberto (+1593)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  133. ^ Avec43. "SV Nossa Senhora da Nazareth (+1593)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  134. ^ Avec43. "SV La Encarnación (+1593)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  135. ^ Avec43. "SV Chagas (+1594)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  136. ^ Avec43. "SV Madre de Deus (+1594)". wrecksite. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  137. ^ Allen, Tony. "Santa Magharita (+1595)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  138. ^ Lettens, Jan. "SV John (And 2 other) (+1595)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  139. ^ Avec43. "SV Santa Ysabel (+1595)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  140. ^ Avec43. "Magdalena (+1595)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  141. ^ Letten, Jan. "San Agustin (+1595)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  142. ^ Avec43. "SV San Felipe (+1595)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  143. ^ Avec43. "SV Santa Catalina (+1595)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  144. ^ Lettens, Jan. "Chancellor (+1596)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  145. ^ Allen, Tony. "San Pedro (+1596)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  146. ^ San Claudio, Miguel. "Anunciada (+1596)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  147. ^ Jan, Lettens. "Amsterdam (+1597)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  148. ^ Lettens, Jan. "San Bartolomé [+1597]". Wrecksite. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  149. ^ Avec43. "SV São Francisco (+1597)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  150. ^ 宣祖實錄 宣祖三十一年 十一月二十四日 (The Annals of King Seonjo, 19 November 1598 in Lunar Calendar) "賊船一百隻捕捉, 二百隻燒破, 斬首五百級, 生擒一百八十餘名。 溺死者, 時未浮出, 故不知其數 (Our army captured 100 enemy ships, destroyed 200 ships, beheaded 500 enemy soldiars, and caught 180-plus soldiars alive. The number of drowned enemy soldiars is unknown, because they have still sunk)".
  151. ^ Avec43. "SV Henry Frederick (+1600)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  152. ^ Lettens, Jan. "Hoop (+1600)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 23 October 2014.