List of shotokan techniques

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This is a list of techniques practiced in the Shotokan style of karate.

Stances (Tachi Waza)[edit]

  1. heisoku dachi: formal attention stance
  2. musubi dachi: informal attention stance, both heels touching and feet at 45° angle
  3. heiko dachi: parallel attention stance (e.g. in the kata Kanku Dai)
  4. hachiji dachi: outward feet stance
  5. uchi hachiji dachi: inward feet stance; reverse of hachiji dachi
  6. iaigoshi dachi: kneeling stance (e.g. in the kata Enpi)
  7. fudo dachi: rooted stance (e.g. in the kata Bassai Dai)
  8. hangetsu dachi: half-moon stance (e.g. in the kata Hangetsu)
  9. kiba dachi: horse stance/side stance (e.g. in the Tekki katas)
  10. kokutsu dachi: back stance (in almost all Shotokan katas; usually first learned in Heian Shodan)
  11. kosa dachi: cross-legged stance (e.g. in the kata Heian Yondan)
  12. neco ashi dachi: cat stance (e.g. in the kata Bassai Sho)
  13. mitsurin dachi: jungle stance
  14. renoji dachi: l-stance, or relaxed stance (e.g. in the kata Kanku Dai)
  15. teiji dachi: t-stance
  16. sanchin dachi: hourglass stance (e.g. in the kata Sanchin)
  17. katashi dachi: crane-like stance (e.g. in the kata Enpi)
  18. sagi ashi dachi: heron stance (e.g. in the kata Jitte)
  19. gankaku dachi: crane stance (e.g. in the kata Gankaku)
  20. tsuru ashi dachi: hanging leg stance
  21. zenkutsu dachi: front stance
  22. yoi dachi (usually called Yoi): basic stance/Ready position
    • Yoi Dachi is Heiko Dachi with the hands out in a ready position.
  23. yama dachi: mountain stance (e.g in the kata Jitte)
  24. sochin dachi: high-low blocking rooted stance

Preparatory positions[edit]

  1. koshi gamae: hip preparatory position
  2. manji gamae: "manji (卍)" -shaped preparatory position, one arm raised above and behind the head with the other arm blocking low in front of the body (e.g., in the kata, Heian godan)
  3. manji uke: "manji (卍)"-shaped block
  4. ryoken koshi gamae: double hip preparatory position (e.g. in the kata, Heian sandan)
  5. morote koko gamae: double handed preparatory position (e.g. in the kata, Enpi)

Blocking techniques (Uke-waza)[edit]

Using the arms[edit]

  1. age-uke: rising block
  2. empi uke: elbow block (e.g. in the kata, Heian sandan)
  3. gedan barai: sweeping low block
  4. gedan morote barai: double sweeping low block (usually while going into kiba dachi)
  5. haiwan uke: square side block (e.g. in the kata, Heian nidan)
  6. gedan juji uke: downward x block
  7. jodan juji uke: upward x block
  8. kaisho age uke: open-palm rising block
  9. kaisho haiwan uke: knife-hand square side block (e.g. in the kata, Heian yondan)
  10. kaisho juji uke: open-palm x block (e.g. in the kata, Heian godan)
  11. kakiwake uke: floating x block (e.g. in the kata, Heian yondan)
  12. morote uke: double forearm block (e.g. in the kata, Heian sandan)
  13. nagashi uke: rising palm sweep block (e.g. in the kata, Tekki shodan)
  14. osae uke: palm block
  15. otoshi uke: dropping forearm block
  16. shuto age uke: rising knife-hand block
  17. shuto gedan barai: knife-hand sweeping low block
  18. shuto uke: knife hand block
  19. shuto mawashi uke (roundhouse block with knife-hand)
  20. soto uke (外受け): outside forearm block
  21. morote sukui uke: scooping block
  22. tate shuto uke: half knife-hand block
  23. te osae uke: dropping palm block
  24. uchi ude uke (内腕受け)/ uchi uke (内受け): inside forearm block
  25. gyako uchi uke: reverse outside mid-level (e.g. in the kata, Heian nidan)
  26. ude barai: reverse sweeping forearm block
  27. heo tsukami: hair grab (e.g. in the kata, Enpi)
  28. ushiro gedan barai: back low sweeping block (e.g. in the kata, Enpi)
  29. teisho uke: palm heel block
  30. chudan soete uke: added hand inside block (e.g. in the kata, Bassai Dai)
  31. tsuki uke: punching block
  32. morote tsukami uke: augmented grabbing/throwing block
  33. mawashi uke: roundhouse or circle block (e.g. in the kata, Unsu)
  34. haishu uke: backhand block (e.g. in the kata, Heian godan
  35. kosa uke (also known as joge uke): cross block (e.g. in the kata, Heian sandan)
  36. teisho awase uke: hands together block (e.g. in the kata, Gankaku)
  37. zenwan uke: forearm block
  38. gedan kaki uke: downward hook block
  39. joge kaki uke: up & down hook block (e.g. in the kata, Enpi)

Using the legs[edit]

  1. ashikubi kake uke: hooking ankle block
  2. mika zuki geri uke: crescent kick block (e.g. in the kata, Heian sandan)
  3. nami ashi, a.k.a. nami gaeshi: leg snapping wave block (e.g. in the kata, Tekki shodan)
  4. sokutei osae uke: pressing sole block
  5. sokuto osae uke: pressing footedge block

Striking techniques (Uchi-waza)[edit]

  1. Age Empi: Rising elbow strike
  2. Age Zuki: Rising Punch
  3. Choku Zuki: Straight punch
  4. Chudan Juki(originally,"tsuki"): Mid-level punch
  5. Empi Uchi: Elbow strike
  6. Gyaku zuki: Reverse punch
  7. Haishu Uchi: Back hand strike
  8. Haito Uchi: Ridge hand strike
  9. Gyaku Haito: Reverse Ridge hand strike
  10. Otoshi Gyaku Haito: Dropping reverse Ridge hand strike
  11. Jodan Haito: Upward Ridge hand strike (e.g. in the kata, Unsu)
  12. Age Heito: Rising Ridge hand strike
  13. Heiko Zuki: Parallel or Double punch
  14. Hasami Zuki: Scissor strike
  15. Hasami Nakadaka Ken: Scissor Middle Finger strike (e.g. in the kata, Chinte)
  16. Jun Zuki or Oi-zuki: Step through punch
  17. Kagi Zuki: Hook punch
  18. Atama Shiri Uchi: Head-Butt strike
  19. Kizami Zuki or Maete: jabbing punch (like a 'jab')
  20. Mae Mawashi Empi Uchi: Augmented side elbow strike (e.g. in the kata, Heian yondan)
  21. Mawashi Empi: Hook elbow strike
  22. Atsuen Empi Uchi: Rolling elbow strike (e.g. in the kata Nijushiho)
  23. Sokumen Zuki: Double side punch (e.g. in the kata, Tekki shodan)
  24. Ippon Ken: One finger Punch/Strike
  25. Nakadaka Ken: Middle finger punch/strike
  26. Nihon Ken: Two finger punch/strike; eye strike (e.g. in the kata, Chinte)
  27. Hiraken: Four knuckle strike
  28. Nukite: Spear-hand strike
  29. Ippon Nukite: 1 finger Spear-hand strike (e.g. in the kata, Unsu)
  30. Nihon Nukite: 2 finger Spear-hand strike
  31. Oi zuki: Stepping punch
  32. Sanbon Zuki: Triple punch (Age zuki, Gyaku Zuki, Choku Zuki)
  33. Shuto Uchi: Knifehand strike
  34. Shuto Yoko Ganmen Uchi (knife-hand strike to head)
  35. Shuto Sakotsu Uchikomi (driving knife-hand to sternum)
  36. Shuto Sakotsu Uchi (knife-hand strike to clavicle)
  37. Shuto Hizo Uchi (knife-hand strike to spleen)
  38. Shuto Jodan Uchi (inside knife-hand to neck)
  39. Sokumen Empi Uchi: Augmented elbow strike (e.g. in the kata, Tekki shodan)
  40. Tate Zuki: Half reverse punch, with a vertical fist
  41. Amuba Tsukami: Arm-Bar hold
  42. Teisho Furi Uchi: Sideways palm-heel strike
  43. Teisho Uchi: Palm-heel strike
  44. Tate Teisho Uchi: Vertical, or Rising palm heel strike
  45. Tettsui: Hammer-fist strike
  46. Tettsui Hasami Uchi: Hammer-fist scissor strike
  47. Tettsui Yoko Uchi (bottom fist strike to side)
  48. Otoshi Uraken: Dropping Backfist in kosa dachi (e.g. in the kata, Heian yondan)
  49. Uraken Uchi: Backfist strike
  50. Uraken Mawashi Uchi (backfist circular strike to the head)
  51. Uraken Sayu Ganmen Uchi (backfist strike to side)
  52. Uraken Hizo Uchi: backfist strike to spleen
  53. Ushiro Empi Ate: backwards elbow strike
  54. Ura Zuki: Close short punch, with inverted fist, similar in nature to an 'uppercut'
  55. Ushiro Empi: Back elbow strike
  56. Yama Zuki ("mountain punch"): Wide double fisted strike (e.g. in the kata, Bassai dai and Wankan)
  57. Awase Zuki: Narrow double fisted strike
  58. Yoko Empi: Side elbow strike
  59. Yoko Tettsui: Sideways hammer-fist strike (e.g. in the kata, Heian nidan)
  60. Gyaku Age Zuki: Rising reverse punch (e.g. in the kata, Enpi)
  61. Tsukiage: Uppercut (e.g in the kata, Heian godan)
  62. Kumate: Bear Claw, or Tiger Claw strike
  63. Seiryuto: Ox-Jaw Strike
  64. Heiko Seiryuto: Parallel or double Ox-Jaw Strike (e.g in the kata, Gojushiho Dai)
  65. Kokuto: crane head strike
  66. Washite: Eagle hand or, eagle claw strike (e.g. in the kata, Gojushiho Sho)
  67. Keito: Chicken head strike
  68. Age Keito: Rising Chicken head strike
  69. Yumi Zuki: Bow drawing strike (e.g. in the kata, Sochin)

Kicking techniques (Keri-waza)[edit]

  1. Ashi barai: Foot sweep
  2. Fumikomi Geri: Stomp kick
  3. Hiza geri: Knee strike
  4. Kin geri: Kick in the groin, performed like front kick but with the feet
  5. Mae-ashi geri: Front kick with front leg
  6. Mae-ashi mawashi geri: Front roundhouse kick with front leg
  7. Mae geri: Front kick
  8. Mae Hiza geri: Front knee kick
  9. Mae-ren geri: Double front kick (= double mae geri)
  10. Tobi mae geri: Front flying/jump kick
  11. Tobi yoko geri: Jumping side kick
  12. Tobi mawashi geri: Jumping roundhouse kick
  13. Tobi mikazuki geri: Jumping crescent kick
  14. Tobi gyaku mikazuki geri: Jumping reverse crescent
  15. Spin tobi ushiro geri: Jumping spinning back kick
  16. Tobi ushiro kagi geri: Jumping spinning hook kick
  17. Tobi hiza geri: Jumping knee kick
  18. Oi Mae Geri: Lunging rear-leg front kick
  19. Mawashi geri: Round kick
  20. Mawashi hiza geri: Circular knee kick
  21. Mikazuki geri: Crescent kick
  22. Gyaku mikazuki geri: Reverse Crescent kick
  23. Nidan tobi geri: Double jump front kick
  24. Ura mawashi geri or Kagi geri: Upper inside round kick, a.k.a. hook kick
  25. Ushiro geri: Back kick
  26. Ushiro mawashi geri : spinning hook kick
  27. Ushiro kekomi: Back side thrust kick
  28. Otoshi Mawashi Geri: Circular falling kick
  29. Yoko geri keage: Side snap kick
  30. Yoko geri kekomi: Side thrust kick
  31. Yoko tobi geri: Jumping side kick
  32. Ono Geri: Axe Kick
  33. Yoni Tsokia: Ducking leg hook[1]
  34. Ushiro Hiza Geri : back spinning knee strike
  35. otshi Hiza Geri : circular falling knee strike
  36. kakato Geri :kick with heels to jaw
  37. ura kakato geri: upper inside roundhouse heel kick
  38. otoshi kakato geri: circular falling heel kick to head or spine
  39. Hasu geri: lotus kick, or reverse roundhouse kick
  40. Kakudo geri: Angle kick

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Van Weenen (1987). John van Weenen, Advanced Shotokan Karate Kata. Vine House. p. 196. ISBN 0-9517660-1-5.