List of slums
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
||This article contains embedded lists that may be poorly defined, unverified or indiscriminate. (December 2015)|
This is a list of slums. A slum as defined by the United Nations agency UN-HABITAT, is a run-down area of a city characterized by substandard housing, squalor, and lacking in tenure security. According to the United Nations, the percentage of urban dwellers living in slums decreased from 47 percent to 37 percent in the developing world between 1990 and 2005. However, due to rising population, and the rise especially in urban populations, the number of slum dwellers is rising. One billion people worldwide live in slums and the figure is projected to grow to 2 billion by 2030.
- 1 Africa
- 2 Asia
- 3 Australia
- 4 Europe
- 5 Middle East
- 6 North America
- 7 South America
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
- Amui Djor 
- Ashiaman 
- Fadama 
- Jamestown/Usshertown, Accra
- New Takoradi
- Suame Magazine
- Baba Ndogo
- Fuata Nyayo
- Kambi Muru
- Kibera (Kibera has been described as the largest slum in Kenya)
- Kisumu Ndogo
- Laini Saba
- Majengo, Nairobi
- Mathare Valley
- Mukuru kwa Njenga
- Mukuru slums
- Soweto East
- Soweto West
- Ziwa la Ng'ombe
- Clara Town, Bushrod Island
- Logan Town
- South Beach Bay
- West Point
- Africa Tongashili
- Okahandja Park
- One Nation N° 1
- One Nation N° 2
- Ongulumbashe N° 1
- Samuel Maherero
- Amukoko 
- Iwaya 
- Makoko 
- Mushin 
- Oke-Offa Babasale
- Alexandra, Gauteng 
- Cape Flats 
- Freedom Park, North West
- Inanda, KwaZulu-Natal
- Joe Slovo (Cape Town)
- Kennedy Road, Durban
- Cato Manor, Durban
- Wallacedene, Cape Town
Most of the slum areas in the Philippines are concentrated in Metro Manila.
- Payatas, Quezon City
- Smokey Mountain, Tondo, Manila
- Bagong Silangan, Quezon City
- San Andres Bukid, Manila
- Little Lon district – In the nineteenth century the area consisted of timber and brick cottages, shops and small factories and was home to an ethnically diverse and generally poor population. Today there are few reminders of the area's former notoriety.
The following are former slum areas that have subsequently been either gradually developed or abruptly cleared and demolished.
- Little Ireland – a slum district of the township of Manchester in Lancashire in the early 19th century.
Baracche of Messina
- The Manderaggio, an area in Valletta that was a slum area from the 16th to 20th centuries. It was demolished in the 1950s and replaced by housing estates.
- Gorbals, Industrial area of Glasgow that used to have run-down makeshift housing
- Cardboard city – "Karton city" (part of Belgrade) was depopulated and demolished starting on 31 August 2009; following 4 years of unsuccessful attempts.
- Neza-Chalco-Izta in Mexico City, is a Ciudad Perdida, rated as the world's largest mega-slum in 2006. The area extends towards the municipalities of Chimalhuacan, Los Reyes to the west of Ixtapaluca and South of Neza and Ecatepec de Morelos north of Neza in the metropolitan area periphery and with Santa Marta Acatitla in the Distrito Federal's borough of Iztapalapa. Contrary to many slums in India, Brazil, Indonesia, Venezuela or Sub-Saharan Africa, these slums are urbanized and most inhabitants have access to basic amenities, however, the quality of basic amenities are debatable as the vast majority of people live under the poverty line, high crime rate, and in steep hills and grey block housing.
In Buenos Aires:
- Cidade de Deus
- Complexo do Alemão
- Dona Marta
- Morro da Babilônia
- Vigário Geral
- Ilha das Cobras
Pueblos jóvenes is the nickname given to the vast shanty towns that surround Lima and other cities of Peru. Many of these towns have developed into significant districts in Lima such as Villa El Salvador and Comas District, Lima.
- Campamento (Chile) – a term in Chile to shanty towns.
- Cortiço – a Portuguese term commonly used in Brazil and Portugal to describe an area of urban housing where many people live in conditions of poor hygiene and poverty.
- Rugby boy – a common group or gang of street children seen in the Philippines, they are one of the most well known and recognized poverty inflicted people found in the slums of the Philippines.
- Slum upgrading – consists of physical, social, economic, organizational and environmental improvements to slums undertaken cooperatively and locally among citizens, community groups, businesses and local authorities.
- Villa miseria – a type of shanty town or slum found in Argentina
- Geography portal
- Lists portal
- United Nations, 2007. The Millennium Development Goals Report. p. 26
- "Review of Mike Davis’ ‘Planet of Slums’". The Struggle for the City. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- Slum Dwellers to double by 2030 UN-HABITAT report, April 2007.
- "Encyclopedia of Consumption and Waste". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "The Challenge of Slums". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Globalizing City". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Kenya National Assembly Official Record (Hansard)". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "UN-Habitat and the Kenya slum upgrading programme". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Live Working Or Die Fighting". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Adapting Cities to Climate Change". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Global Politics in a Changing World". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "South Africa's Magnifying Glass". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Cape Town". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Urbanization and development in Swaziland". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- Ramesh, Randeep (22 December 2006). "Hidden cost of 'cheap chic'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- "A History of the Irish in Manchester". Prideofmanchester.com. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
-  "What Is Urban Upgrading?" MIT. Accessed 3 December 2010
Media related to Slums at Wikimedia Commons