List of keyboard and lute compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach

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Keyboard and Lute Works is the topic of the fifth series of the New Bach Edition.[1]

Keyboard Works (Klavierwerke) by Johann Sebastian Bach traditionally refers to the Nos. 772 to 994, Chapter 8 in the BWV catalogue, listing compositions for a solo keyboard instrument like the harpsichord or the clavichord. Despite the fact that organ is also a keyboard instrument, and that in Bach's time the distinction wasn't always made whether a keyboard composition was for organ or another keyboard instrument, Wolfgang Schmieder ranged organ compositions in a separate section of the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (Nos. 525-771). Also other compositions for keyboard, like compositions for lute-harpsichord and fortepiano were listed outside the "Klavierwerke" range by Schmieder. Lute works are in the range 995–1000, Chapter 9 in the BWV catalogue.[2]

Bach was a prodigious talent at the keyboard, well known during his lifetime for both his technical and improvisational abilities.[3] Many of Bach's keyboard works started out as improvisations.[citation needed] Bach wrote widely for the harpsichord, producing numerous inventions, suites, fugues, partitas, overtures, as well as keyboard arrangements of concerto music by his contemporaries. The fortepiano is an instrument Bach would have encountered once, by the end of his life when it was recently invented, while visiting his son in Potsdam. The visit resulted in Das Musikalische Opfer, parts of which may have been intended for the new instrument.

Several of Bach's works for keyboard were published in print in his own lifetime. Four such publications were given the name Clavier-Übung (Keyboard Practice) by the composer. Bach was not the first to use that name, for example Bach's Leipzig predecessor Johann Kuhnau had used it for two volumes published in the late 17th century. The first volume, Bach's Opus 1, was published in 1731, while the last was published a decade later. The first, second and last volume contain music written for harpsichord, while the third was written for the organ, only four duets contained in that volume ending up in the BWV 772–994 range.

The Well-Tempered Clavier, a collection of forty-eight Preludes and Fugues, was not printed until half a century after Bach's death, although it had circulated in manuscript form before that. Before the extensive rediscovery of his works in the nineteenth century, Bach was known almost exclusively through his music for the keyboard, in particular his highly influential Well-Tempered Clavier, which were regularly assigned as part of musicians' training. Composers and performers such as Ludwig van Beethoven and Camille Saint-Saëns first showed off their skills as child prodigies playing the entire cycle of Bach's forty-eight Preludes and Fugues.

Modern composers have continued to draw inspiration from Bach's keyboard output. Dmitri Shostakovich, for example, wrote his own set of Preludes and Fugues after the Bach model. Jazz musicians and composers, in particular, have been drawn to the contrapuntal style, harmonic expansion and rhythmic expression of Bach's compositions, especially the works for keyboard.

The first section below lists all compositions in the BWV 772–994 range, then follows a section listing other compositions for keyboard instruments, excluding the organ.

After the composer's death most of his keyboard compositions, and many others, are, or were, often performed on the piano, played either directly from a score for the instruments as the composer knew them, or from a score that was a transcription for piano. The latter is sometimes needed even for harpsichord scores while for instance a composition intended for a two-manual harpsichord (like the Goldberg Variations) can present difficulties for the crossing of hands when performed on a single-keyboard instrument like the piano. Some of the transposers/arrangers of Bach's work added their own inspiration, like Busoni in his arrangement and expansion of Bach's Chromatische Fantasie und Fuge, BWV 903. The fourth section of this list refers to such transcriptions and arrangements for the piano.

Works for keyboard (BWV 772–994)[edit]

Inventions and Sinfonias (772–801)[edit]

  • BWV 772 – Invention No. 1 in C major
  • BWV 772a – Invention No. 1 in C major (alternative version of BWV 772)
  • BWV 773 – Invention No. 2 in C minor
  • BWV 774 – Invention No. 3 in D major
  • BWV 775 – Invention No. 4 in D minor
  • BWV 776 – Invention No. 5 in E-flat major
  • BWV 777 – Invention No. 6 in E major
  • BWV 778 – Invention No. 7 in E minor
  • BWV 779 – Invention No. 8 in F major
  • BWV 780 – Invention No. 9 in F minor
  • BWV 781 – Invention No. 10 in G major
  • BWV 782 – Invention No. 11 in G minor
  • BWV 783 – Invention No. 12 in A major
  • BWV 784 – Invention No. 13 in A minor
  • BWV 785 – Invention No. 14 in B-flat major
  • BWV 786 – Invention No. 15 in B minor
  • BWV 787 – Sinfonia No. 1 in C major
  • BWV 788 – Sinfonia No. 2 in C minor
  • BWV 789 – Sinfonia No. 3 in D major
  • BWV 790 – Sinfonia No. 4 in D minor
  • BWV 791 – Sinfonia No. 5 in E-flat major
  • BWV 792 – Sinfonia No. 6 in E major
  • BWV 793 – Sinfonia No. 7 in E minor
  • BWV 794 – Sinfonia No. 8 in F major
  • BWV 795 – Sinfonia No. 9 in F minor
  • BWV 796 – Sinfonia No. 10 in G major
  • BWV 797 – Sinfonia No. 11 in G minor
  • BWV 798 – Sinfonia No. 12 in A major
  • BWV 799 – Sinfonia No. 13 in A minor
  • BWV 800 – Sinfonia No. 14 in B-flat major
  • BWV 801 – Sinfonia No. 15 in B minor

Four Duets from Clavier-Übung III (802–805)[edit]

  • BWV 802 – Duet in E minor
  • BWV 803 – Duet in F major
  • BWV 804 – Duet in G major
  • BWV 805 – Duet in A minor

English Suites (806–811)[edit]

  • BWV 806 – English Suite No. 1 in A major
  • BWV 807 – English Suite No. 2 in A minor
  • BWV 808 – English Suite No. 3 in G minor
  • BWV 809 – English Suite No. 4 in F major
  • BWV 810 – English Suite No. 5 in E minor
  • BWV 811 – English Suite No. 6 in D minor

French Suites (812–817)[edit]

  • BWV 812 – French Suite No. 1 in D minor
  • BWV 813 – French Suite No. 2 in C minor
  • BWV 813a – French Suite No. 2 in C minor (alternative version of movement 5: Menuet)
  • BWV 814 – French Suite No. 3 in B minor
  • BWV 815 – French Suite No. 4 in E-flat major
  • BWV 815a – French Suite No. 4 in E-flat major (alternative versions of several movements)
  • BWV 816 – French Suite No. 5 in G major
  • BWV 817 – French Suite No. 6 in E major

Miscellaneous suites (818–824)[edit]

  • BWV 818 – Suite in A minor
  • BWV 818a – Suite in A minor (alternative version of BWV 818)
  • BWV 819 – Suite in E-flat major
  • BWV 819a – Suite in E-flat major (alternative version of movement 1: Allemande from BWV 819)
  • BWV 820 – Overture (Suite) in F major
  • BWV 821 – Suite in B-flat major
  • BWV 822 – Suite in G minor, About this soundplay Gavotte in G Minor, simulating a viola 
  • BWV 823 – Suite in F minor
  • BWV 824 – Suite in A major (composed by Telemann, TWV 32:14)

Partitas for keyboard (published as Clavier-Übung I) (825–830)[edit]

French Overture, from Clavier-Übung II (831)[edit]

Suites and suite movements (832–845)[edit]

  • BWV 832 – Suite in A major
  • BWV 833 – Prelude and Partita in F major
  • BWV 834 – Allemande in C minor
  • BWV 835 – Allemande in A minor
  • BWV 836 – Allemande in G minor
  • BWV 837 – Allemande in G minor
  • BWV 838 – Allemande and Courante in A major
  • BWV 839 – Sarabande in G minor
  • BWV 840 – Courante in G major (spurious, after the 2nd movement of Telemann's Ouverture in G major, TWV 32:13)
  • BWV 841 – Minuet in G major (from the 1722 Notebook for Anna Magdalena Bach)
  • BWV 842 – Minuet in G minor
  • BWV 843 – Minuet in G major
  • BWV 844 – Scherzo in D minor
  • BWV 844a – Scherzo in D minor (alternative version of BWV 844)
  • BWV 845 – Gigue in F minor

The Well-Tempered Clavier (846–893)[edit]

  • BWV 846 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 1 in C major
  • BWV 846a – Prelude in C major (alternative version of BWV 846, only Prelude)
  • BWV 847 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 2 in C minor
  • BWV 847a – Prelude in C minor (alternative version of BWV 847, only Prelude)
  • BWV 848 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 3 in C-sharp major
  • BWV 849 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 4 in C-sharp minor
  • BWV 850 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 5 in D major
  • BWV 850a – Prelude in D major (alternative version of BWV 850, only Prelude)
  • BWV 851 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 6 in D minor
  • BWV 851a – Prelude in D minor (alternative version of BWV 851, only Prelude)
  • BWV 852 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 7 in E-flat major
  • BWV 853 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 8 in E-flat minor (The fugue of this work is actually in D-sharp minor, the enharmonic key of E-flat minor)
  • BWV 854 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 9 in E major
  • BWV 855 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 10 in E minor
  • BWV 855a – Prelude in E minor (early version of the prelude of BWV 855) + Fughetta[4]
  • BWV 856 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 11 in F major
  • BWV 857 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 12 in F minor
  • BWV 858 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 13 in F-sharp major
  • BWV 859 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 14 in F-sharp minor
  • BWV 860 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 15 in G major
  • BWV 861 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 16 in G minor
  • BWV 862 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 17 in A-flat major
  • BWV 863 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 18 in G-sharp minor
  • BWV 864 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 19 in A major
  • BWV 865 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 20 in A minor
  • BWV 866 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 21 in B-flat major
  • BWV 867 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 22 in B-flat minor
  • BWV 868 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 23 in B major
  • BWV 869 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1: Prelude and Fugue No. 24 in B minor
  • BWV 870 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 1 in C major
  • BWV 870a – Prelude and Fugue in C major (alternative version of BWV 870)
  • BWV 870b – Prelude in C major (alternative version of BWV 870)
  • BWV 871 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 2 in C minor
  • BWV 872 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 3 in C-sharp major
  • BWV 872a – Prelude and Fugue in C-sharp major (alternative version of BWV 872)
  • BWV 873 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 4 in C-sharp minor
  • BWV 874 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 5 in D major
  • BWV 875 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 6 in D minor
  • BWV 875a – Prelude in D minor (alternative version of BWV 875)
  • BWV 876 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 7 in E-flat major
  • BWV 877 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 8 in D-sharp minor
  • BWV 878 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 9 in E major
  • BWV 879 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 10 in E minor
  • BWV 880 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 11 in F major
  • BWV 881 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 12 in F minor
  • BWV 882 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 13 in F-sharp major
  • BWV 883 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 14 in F-sharp minor
  • BWV 884 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 15 in G major
  • BWV 885 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 16 in G minor
  • BWV 886 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 17 in A-flat major
  • BWV 887 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 18 in G-sharp minor
  • BWV 888 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 19 in A major
  • BWV 889 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 20 in A minor
  • BWV 890 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 21 in B-flat major
  • BWV 891 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 22 in B-flat minor
  • BWV 892 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 23 in B major
  • BWV 893 – Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2: Prelude and Fugue No. 24 in B minor

Preludes and fugues, toccatas and fantasias (894–923)[edit]

  • BWV 894 – Prelude and Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 895 – Prelude and Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 896 – Prelude and Fugue in A major
  • BWV 897 – Prelude and Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 898 – Prelude and Fugue in B-flat major on the name B-A-C-H (doubtful)
  • BWV 899 – Prelude and Fughetta in D minor
  • BWV 900 – Prelude and Fughetta in E minor
  • BWV 901 – Prelude and Fughetta in F major
  • BWV 902 – Prelude and Fughetta in G major
  • BWV 902a – Prelude in G major (alternative version of BWV 902)
  • BWV 903 – Chromatic Fantasia and Fugue in D minor
  • BWV 903a – Chromatic Fantasia in D minor (alternative version of BWV 903)
  • BWV 904 – Fantasia and Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 905 – Fantasia and Fugue in D minor
  • BWV 906 – Fantasia and Fugue in C minor (fugue unfinished)
  • BWV 907 – Fantasia and Fughetta in B-flat major
  • BWV 908 – Fantasia and Fughetta in D major
  • BWV 909 – Concerto and Fugue in C minor
  • BWV 910 – Toccata in F-sharp minor
  • BWV 911 – Toccata in C minor
  • BWV 912 – Toccata in D major
  • BWV 913 – Toccata in D minor
  • BWV 914 – Toccata in E minor
  • BWV 915 – Toccata in G minor
  • BWV 916 – Toccata in G major
  • BWV 917 – Fantasia in G minor
  • BWV 918 – Fantasia in C minor
  • BWV 919 – Fantasia in C minor
  • BWV 920 – Fantasia in G minor
  • BWV 921 – Prelude in C minor
  • BWV 922 – Prelude in A minor
  • BWV 923 – Prelude in B minor (spurious, possibly by Wilhelm Hieronymus Pachelbel)

Nine Little Preludes from Wilhelm Friedemann Bach's Klavierbüchlein (924–932)[edit]

Indicated as "Neun kleine Präludien aus dem Klavierbüchlein für Wilhelm Friedemann Bach" (nine little preludes from the keyboard-booklet for Wilhelm Friedemann Bach) in the Bach-Werke Verzeichnis:[5][6][7]

  1. BWV 924 – Prelude in C major (Klavierbüchlein No. 2: "Praeambulum")[8]
    BWV 924a – Prelude in C major (Klavierbüchlein No. 26: "Preludium ex c♮"; variant version of BWV 924 probably by W. F. Bach, BR‑WFB A 44)[9]
  2. BWV 925 – Prelude in D major (Klavierbüchlein No. 27: "Praeludium ex d♮"; possibly by W. F. Bach, BR‑WFB A 45)[10]
  3. BWV 926 – Prelude in D minor (Klavierbüchlein No. 4: "Praeludium")[11]
  4. BWV 927 – Prelude in F major (Klavierbüchlein No. 8: "Praeambulum")[12]
  5. BWV 928 – Prelude in F major (Klavierbüchlein No. 10: "Praeludium")[13]
  6. BWV 929 – Prelude in G minor (Klavierbüchlein No. 48e: Trio for a Minuet by Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel)[14]
  7. BWV 930 – Prelude in G minor (Klavierbüchlein No. 9: "Praeambulum")[15]
  8. BWV 931 – Prelude in A minor (Klavierbüchlein No. 29: "Praeludium"; possibly by W. F. Bach, BR‑WFB A 47)[16]
  9. BWV 932 – Prelude in E minor (incomplete; Klavierbüchlein No. 28: "Praeludium ex e♭"; possibly by W. F. Bach, BR‑WFB A 46)[17]

Six Little Preludes (933–938)[edit]

An 18th-century set of short preludes by Johann Sebastian Bach:

  1. BWV 933 – Little Prelude in C major
  2. BWV 934 – Little Prelude in C minor
  3. BWV 935 – Little Prelude in D minor
  4. BWV 936 – Little Prelude in D major
  5. BWV 937 – Little Prelude in E major
  6. BWV 938 – Little Prelude in E minor

Five Little Preludes (939–943)[edit]

Five short preludes found in the manuscript P 804 (collection of Johann Peter Kellner):[18]

  1. BWV 939 – Prelude in C major[19]
  2. BWV 940 – Prelude in D minor[20]
  3. BWV 941 – Prelude in E minor[21]
  4. BWV 942 – Prelude in A minor[22]
  5. BWV 943 – Prelude in C major[23]

Fugues and fughettas (944–962)[edit]

  • BWV 944Fantasia and Fugue in A minor (attribution doubted)[24]
  • BWV 945 – Fugue in E minor
  • BWV 946 – Fugue in C major
  • BWV 947 – Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 948 – Fugue in D minor
  • BWV 949 – Fugue in A major
  • BWV 950 – Fugue in A major on a theme by Tomaso Albinoni
  • BWV 951 – Fugue in B minor on a theme by Tomaso Albinoni
  • BWV 951a – Fugue in B minor (alternative version of BWV 951)
  • BWV 952 – Fugue in C major
  • BWV 953 – Fugue in C major
  • BWV 954 – Fugue in B-flat major on a theme by Johann Adam Reincken
  • BWV 955 – Fugue in B-flat major
  • BWV 956 – Fugue in E minor
  • BWV 957 – Machs mit mir, Gott, nach deiner Güt (chorale prelude for organ in the Neumeister Collection, previously listed as Fugue in G major)
  • BWV 958 – Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 959 – Fugue in A minor
  • BWV 960 – Fugue in E minor
  • BWV 961 – Fughetta in C minor
  • BWV 962 – Fughetta in E minor, composed by Johann Georg Albrechtsberger

Sonatas and sonata movements (963–970)[edit]

  • BWV 963 – Sonata in D major
  • BWV 964 – Sonata in D minor (arrangement of Sonata No. 2 for solo violin, BWV 1003)
  • BWV 965 – Sonata in A minor (after Johann Adam Reincken's Hortus Musicus, Nos. 1–5)
  • BWV 966 – Sonata in C major (after Johann Adam Reincken's Hortus Musicus, Nos. 11–15)
  • BWV 967 – Sonata in A minor (one movement only, arrangement of a chamber sonata by unknown composer)
  • BWV 968 – Adagio in G major (after movement 1 of Sonata No. 3 for solo violin, BWV 1005)
  • BWV 969 – Andante in G minor (doubtful)
  • BWV 970 – Presto in D minor (spurious; composed by Wilhelm Friedemann Bach)

Italian Concerto, from Clavier-Übung II (971)[edit]

Keyboard arrangements of concerti by other composers (972–987)[edit]

  • BWV 972 – Concerto in D major (arrangement of Antonio Vivaldi's Concerto Op. 3/9, RV230)
  • BWV 973 – Concerto in G major (arrangement of Antonio Vivaldi's Concerto Op. 7/8, RV299)
  • BWV 974 – Concerto in D minor (arrangement of Alessandro Marcello's Oboe Concerto in D minor)
  • BWV 975 – Concerto in G minor (arrangement of Antonio Vivaldi's Concerto Op. 4/6, RV316a)
  • BWV 976 – Concerto in C major (arrangement of Antonio Vivaldi's Concerto Op. 3/12, RV265)
  • BWV 977 – Concerto in C major (source unknown, possibly a concerto by Benedetto Marcello)
  • BWV 978 – Concerto in F major (arrangement of Antonio Vivaldi's Concerto Op. 3/3, RV310)
  • BWV 979 – Concerto in B minor (recently identified as Vivaldi's Concerto RV Anh. 10, now RV 813)[25]
  • BWV 980 – Concerto in G major (arrangement of Antonio Vivaldi's Concerto Op. 4/1, RV383a)
  • BWV 981 – Concerto in C minor (possibly an arrangement of Benedetto Marcello's concerto Op. 1/2)
  • BWV 982 – Concerto in B-flat major (arrangement of Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar's concerto Op. 1/1)
  • BWV 983 – Concerto in G minor (source unknown)
  • BWV 984 – Concerto in C major (arrangement of a Prince Johann Ernst concerto) (see BWV 595 for organ version)
  • BWV 985 – Concerto in G minor (arrangement of a Georg Philipp Telemann violin concerto)
  • BWV 986 – Concerto in G major (arrangement of a concerto attributed to Georg Philipp Telemann)
  • BWV 987 – Concerto in D minor (arrangement of Prince Johann Ernst's concerto Op. 1/4)

Variations and miscellaneous pieces for keyboard (988–994)[edit]

Works for solo lute (BWV 995–1000)[edit]

Other keyboard and lute compositions[edit]

Canons (BWV 1072–1078)[edit]

Late contrapuntal works (BWV 1079–1080)[edit]

Spurious and doubtful works in Anna Magdalena's Notebooks (BWV Anh. 113–132)[edit]

Piano transcriptions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Series V: Keyboard and Lute Works at the Bärenreiter website
  2. ^ (BWV2a) Alfred Dürr, Yoshitake Kobayashi (eds.), Kirsten Beißwenger. Bach Werke Verzeichnis: Kleine Ausgabe, nach der von Wolfgang Schmieder vorgelegten 2. Ausgabe. Preface in English and German. Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1998. ISBN 3765102490 - ISBN 978-3765102493
  3. ^ "Nekrolog" of Johann Sebastian Bach by Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach and Johann Friedrich Agricola, in Mizler's Musikalische Bibliothek, Volume 4. Leipzig, 1754. pp. 163-165
  4. ^ Bach Digital Work No. 1005 at www.bachdigital.de
  5. ^ BWV2a (1998) P. 391
  6. ^ Alfred Dörffel, editor. BGA Vol. 451 (1897), pp. 213–231
  7. ^ Wolfgang Plath, editor. New Bach Edition, Series V: Keyboard and Lute Works, Volume 5: Klavierbüchlein für Wilhelm Friedemann. Bärenreiter (1962, 21973, 31981).
  8. ^ BDW 1098
  9. ^ BDW 1099
  10. ^ BDW 1100
  11. ^ BDW 1101
  12. ^ BDW 1102
  13. ^ BDW 1103
  14. ^ BDW 1104
  15. ^ BDW 1105
  16. ^ BDW 1106
  17. ^ BDW 1107
  18. ^ Ernst Naumann. "Vorwort" (Preface) in BGA Vol. 36 (1890), p. LX
  19. ^ BDW 1114
  20. ^ BDW 1115
  21. ^ BDW 1116
  22. ^ BDW 1117
  23. ^ BDW 1118
  24. ^ Fantasia and fugue, a BWV 944 at www.bach-digital.de
  25. ^ Talbot, Michael (2011). The Vivaldi Compendium. Boydell Press. p. 54. ISBN 9781843836704.
  26. ^ Ripin, Edwin M. & Wraight, Denzil. "Lute-harpsichord". In Deane L. Root. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press. (subscription required)

External links[edit]