I–V–vi–IV progression

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
I–V–vi–IV chord progression in C Play .
vi–IV–I–V chord progression in C Play .

The I–V–vi–IV progression is a common chord progression popular across several genres of music. It involves the I, V, vi, and IV chords of any particular musical scale. For example, in the key of C major, this progression would be: C–G–Am–F.[1] Rotations include:

  • I–V–vi–IV:C–G–Am–F
  • V–vi–IV–I:G–Am–F–C
  • vi–IV–I–V:Am–F–C–G
  • IV–I–V–vi:F–C–G–Am

The '50s progression uses the same chords but in a different order (I–vi–IV–V), no matter the starting point.

Variations[edit]

A common ordering of the progression, "vi–IV–I–V", was dubbed the "sensitive female chord progression" by Boston Globe columnist Marc Hirsh.[2] In C major this would be Am–F–C–G, modulating the key to A minor.


\header { tagline = "" }
\score {
  \new Staff \with { \remove "Time_signature_engraver" }
  \repeat volta 2 {<c' e' a'>2 <c' f' a'> <c' e' g'> <b d' g'>}
  \layout { }
}
\score { % "unfold" this score copy so MIDI plays the repeated section twice
  \unfoldRepeats {
    \repeat volta 2 {<c' e' a'>2 <c' f' a'> <c' e' g'> <b d' g'>}
  }
  \midi { }
}

Hirsh first noticed the chord progression in the song "One of Us" by Joan Osborne,[3] and then other songs. He named the progression because he claimed it was used by many performers of the Lilith Fair in the late 1990s.[2] However, examples of the progression appeared in pop hits as early as the 1950s, such as in The Teddy Bears' "To Know Him Is to Love Him", written by Phil Spector.[4]

Dan Bennett claims the progression is also called the "pop-punk progression" because of its frequent use in pop punk.[1]


\header { tagline = "" }
\score {
  \new Staff \with { \remove "Time_signature_engraver" }
  \repeat volta 2 {
    \clef "bass"
    {<c g>16 <c g> <c g> <c g> <c g> <c g> <b, fis> <b, fis> <g, d> <g, d> <g, d> <g, d> <g, d> <g, d> <gis, dis> <gis, dis> <a, e> <a, e> <a, e> <a, e> <a, e> <a, e> <g, d> <ges, des> <f, c> <f, c> <f, c> <f, c> <f c'> <f c'> <e b> <e b>}
  }
  \layout { }
}
\score { % "unfold" this score copy so MIDI plays the repeated section twice
  \unfoldRepeats {
    \repeat volta 2 {<c g>16 <c g> <c g> <c g> <c g> <c g> <b, fis> <b, fis> <g, d> <g, d> <g, d> <g, d> <g, d> <g, d> <gis, dis> <gis, dis> <a, e> <a, e> <a, e> <a, e> <a, e> <a, e> <g, d> <ges, des> <f, c> <f, c> <f, c> <f, c> <f c'> <f c'> <e b> <e b>}
  }
  \midi { }
}

In this ordering, the progression ends with a double plagal cadence in the key of the dominant (in the Mixolydian mode) and could also be respelled ii–bVII–IV–I, opening with a backdoor turnaround.

The chord progression is also used in the form IV–I–V–vi, as in songs such as "Umbrella" by Rihanna[5] and "Down" by Jay Sean.[6] Numerous bro-country songs followed the chord progression, as demonstrated by Greg Todd's mash-up of several bro-country songs in an early 2015 video.[7]

A 2009 song by the comedy group The Axis of Awesome, called "Four Chords", demonstrated the ubiquity of the progression in popular music, for comic effect; for instance, as the progression is played as a ostinato, sometimes it is used as a vi–IV–I–V (i. e. the "pessimistic" inversion). It does not accurately represent the chord progressions of all the songs it depicts. It was originally written in D major (thus the progression being D major, A major, B minor, G major) and performed live in the key of E major (thus using the chords E major, B major, C# minor, and A major). The song was subsequently published on YouTube.[8] As of May 2020, the two most popular versions have been viewed over 100 million times combined.[9][10]

The British progressive rock band Porcupine Tree made a song called "Four Chords That Made A Million" that appears to be a satire[according to whom?] of the broad use of this progression in contemporary commercial music.

I–V–VII–IV[edit]

I–V–VII–IV in A Play 

I–V–VII–IV may be viewed as a variation of I–V–vi–IV, replacing the submediant with the subtonic. It consists of two IV chord progressions, the second a whole step lower (A–E–G–D = I–V in A and I–V in G), giving it harmonic drive. There are few keys in which one may play the progression with open chords on the guitar, so it is often portrayed with barre chords ("Lay Lady Lay"). The use of the flattened seventh may lend this progression a bluesy feel or sound, and the whole tone descent may be reminiscent of the ninth and tenth chords of the twelve bar blues (V–IV). The progression also makes possible a chromatic descent across a minor third: .

I–IV–VII–IV Play 

"(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman" by Carole King make prominent use of this progression in its verses. "Lay Lady Lay"[11] uses the similar progression I–iii–VII–ii; the second and fourth chords are replaced by the relative minor while preserving the same descent. This progression is used in other songs including "Turning Japanese" (1980) by The Vapors, "Sample in a Jar" (1994) by Phish (I–iii–VII–IV), "Waterfalls" (1995) by TLC,[12] and "Don't Tell Me" (2000) by Madonna. "Cinnamon Girl" (1969) by Neil Young uses I–v–VII–IV (all in Mixolydian).[13] It opens the verse to "Brown Eyes" by Lady Gaga, is used in the chorus to "Rio" (1982) by Duran Duran and "Sugar Hiccup" (1983) by the Cocteau Twins, and is in the 2nd part of the bridge in "Sweet Jane" (1988) by the Cowboy Junkies.[14] John Maus uses a i-v-VII-iv in c minor for the verse of “Cop Killer”. The progression is also used entirely with minor chords[i-v-vii-iv (g#, d#, f#, c#)] in the middle section of Chopin's etude op. 10 no. 12. However, using the same chord type (major or minor) on all four chords causes it to feel more like a sequence of descending fourths than a bona fide chord progression. I–IV–VII–IV is a similar chord progression which is arch formed (I–IV–VII–IV–I), and has been used in the chorus to "And She Was" (1985) by Talking Heads,[15] in "Let's Go Crazy" (1984) by Prince,[16] in "Like a Rock" (1986) by Bob Seger,[17] and in "Steady, As She Goes" (2006) by The Raconteurs (minor tonic: i–V–VII–IV).[18]

Songs using the progression[edit]

This is a list of recorded songs containing multiple, repeated uses of the I–V–vi–IV progression.

Song title Artist Year Progression Recorded Key
"10,000 Reasons (Bless the Lord)"[19] Matt Redman and Jonas Myrin 2012 IV–I–V–vi G major
"20 Good Reasons"[20] Thirsty Merc 2007 I–V–vi–IV Db major
"Adore You"[21] Harry Styles 2019 vi−I−IV−V C minor
"Africa"[22] Toto 1982 vi−IV–I–V (chorus) F# minor (chorus)
"Aicha"[23] Cheb Khaled 1996 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Ai Se Eu Te Pego"[24] Michel Teló 2011 I–V–vi–IV B major
"All You Wanted"[25] Michelle Branch 2002 vi–IV–I–V A-flat major
"Almost"[26] Bowling for Soup 2005 I–V–vi–IV B major
"Amaranth"[27] Nightwish 2007 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"A New Day Has Come"[28] Celine Dion 2002 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"Apologize"[29] Timbaland and OneRepublic 2007 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"As If It's Your Last"[30] Blackpink 2017 IV−I−V−vi (chorus) A-flat major (chorus)
"Audience of One"[31] Rise Against 2009 vi–IV–I–V (chorus) D-flat major
"Bad Blood"[32] Taylor Swift 2014 IV–I–V–vi E minor
"Bailando"[33] Enrique Iglesias feat. Descemer Bueno and Gente de Zona 2014 vi–IV–I–V E minor
"Beast of Burden"[34] The Rolling Stones 1978 I–V–vi–IV E major
"I Don't Want To Be"[35] Gavin DeGraw 2003 IV–I–V–vi (chorus) Eb major
"Bullet"[36] Hollywood Undead 2011 I–V–vi–IV E major
"Bullet with Butterfly Wings"[37] The Smashing Pumpkins 1995 vi–IV–I–V Bb minor
"Burn"[38] Ellie Goulding 2013 vi–IV–I–V (pre-chorus and chorus) Bb minor/Db major
"California King Bed"[39] Rihanna 2011 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Caramelldansen"[40] Caramell 2001 I–V–vi–IV D# major/F# major
"Check Yes Juliet (Run Baby Run)"[41] We the Kings 2008 vi−I−IV−V (chorus) D major
"Clean"[42] Taylor Swift 2014 I–V–vi–IV B major
"Come Over"[43] Kenny Chesney 2012 vi–IV–I–V Bb minor
"Counting Stars"[44] OneRepublic 2013 vi–I–V–IV C# minor/E major
"Cruise"[45] Florida Georgia Line 2012 I–V–vi–IV Bb major
"Cryin'"[46] Aerosmith 1993 I–V–vi–IV A major (chorus)
"Daddy DJ"[47] Daddy DJ 1999 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Dammit"[34][48] Blink-182 1997 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Despacito"[49] Luis Fonsi 2017 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Don't Trust Me"[50] 3OH!3 2008 vi–IV–I–V Bb major
"Don't You Wanna Stay"[51] Jason Aldean and Kelly Clarkson 2010 vi–IV–I–V G# minor
"Dragostea Din Tei"[52] O-Zone 2003 IV–I–V–vi; vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Dream Catch Me"[53] Newton Faulkner 2007 I–V–vi–IV D major
"Drive By"[54] Train 2012 vi–IV–I–V; IV–I–V–vi C# minor
"Electrical Storm"[55] U2 2002 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"Faded"[56] Alan Walker 2015 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"Feeling This"[34][57] Blink-182 2003 I–V–vi–IV E major
"Flashlight"[58] Jessie J 2015 I–V–vi–IV F major
"For the First Time"[59] The Script 2010 I–V–vi–IV A major
"Forever Young"[60] Alphaville 1984 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Fuckin' Perfect"[61][62] P!nk 2010 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Ghost"[63] Justin Bieber 2021 vi–IV–I–V D major
"Girls Chase Boys"[64] Ingrid Michaelson 2014 I−IV−vi−V Ab major
"Give Me Everything"[65] Pitbull feat. Ne-Yo, Afrojack, and Nayer 2011 vi–IV–I–V Eb major
"Glycerine"[66] Bush 1995 I–V–vi–IV F major
"Hair"[67] Lady Gaga 2011 I–V–vi–IV F major
"Hall of Fame"[68] The Script feat. will.i.am 2012 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Happy Ending"[69] Mika 2007 I–V–vi–IV Db major
"Heart Attack"[70] Demi Lovato 2013 IV–I–V–vi; vi–IV–I–V F minor
"Hello"[71] Adele 2015 vi–I–V–IV (verse)
vi–IV–I–V (chorus)
F minor
"Hey Brother"[72] Avicii 2013 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Hide and Seek"[73] Imogen Heap 2005 I–V–vi–IV A major
"Home"[74] Phillip Phillips 2012 IV–I–V–vi; vi–IV–I–V C major
"Hwaa"[75] (G)I-dle 2021 vi−IV−I−V F# minor
"If I Were a Boy"[76] Beyoncé 2008 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"I Just Had Sex"[77] The Lonely Island feat. Akon 2011 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"I Love You"[78] EXID 2018 IV–I–V–vi (chorus) C major
"I'm Goin' Down[79] Bruce Springsteen 1985 I–V–vi–IV Bb major
"I'm Yours"[80] Jason Mraz 2008 I–V–vi–IV B major
"Immortals" Fall Out Boy 2014 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"In My Head"[81] Jason Derulo 2009 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"International Love"[82] Pitbull feat. Chris Brown 2011 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"In This River"[83] Black Label Society 2005 vi–IV–I–V E minor
"I Need Your Love" Calvin Harris 2013 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"I Was Here"[84] Beyoncé 2011 vi–IV–I–V E minor
"Just a Dream"[85] Nelly 2010 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"Lemonade"[86] Alexandra Stan 2011 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"Let it Be"[87] The Beatles 1970 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Let It Go" Idina Menzel 2013 I–V–vi–IV Ab major
"Little Talks"[88] Of Monsters and Men 2011 vi–IV–I–V Bb minor
"Looking for the truth" Pamelah 1995 vi–IV–I–V (intro and chorus) G# minor
"Love[89] Lana Del Rey 2017 I–V–vi–IV (intro, verse, and chorus) Bb major
"Love Me"[90] Justin Bieber 2009 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Lovesick Girls"[91] Blackpink 2020 vi−I−IV−V (verse)
IV−V−vi−I (pre-chorus)
vi−V−I−IV (chorus)
D# minor
"Love the Way You Lie"[92] Eminem feat. Rihanna 2010 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Marilyn Monroe"[93] Nicki Minaj 2012 vi–IV–I–V E minor
"My Name Is Jonas"[94] Weezer 1994 I–V–vi–IV B major
"Nobody's Perfect"[95] Hannah Montana (Miley Cyrus) 2007 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"No One"[96] Alicia Keys 2007 I–V–vi–IV E major
"No Woman, No Cry"[97] Bob Marley 1973 I–V–vi–IV Db major
"Not Afraid"[98] Eminem 2010 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Nothing"[99] The Script 2010 I–V–vi–IV (chorus) B major
"Numb"[100] Linkin Park 2003 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"One Day"[101] Matisyahu 2008 I–V–vi–IV C major
"One of Us"[3][102] Joan Osborne 1995 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"On the Floor"[103] Jennifer Lopez feat. Pitbull 2011 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"Otherside"[104] Red Hot Chili Peppers 2000 vi–IV–I–V E minor
"Out of the Woods"[105] Taylor Swift 2014 I–V–vi–IV A minor
"Peace of Mind"[106] Boston 1976 vi–IV–I–V C# minor
"Pieces"[107] Sum 41 2005 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"Poker Face"[108] Lady Gaga 2008 vi–IV–I–V G# minor
"Pork and Beans"[109] Weezer 2008 I–V–vi–IV F# major
"Prison Bound"[110] Social Distortion 1988 I–V–vi–IV F# major
"Ready or Not"[111] Bridgit Mendler 2012 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Real World"[112] Matchbox Twenty 1998 I–V–vi–IV (verse) A-sharp/B-flat major
"Replay"[113] Iyaz 2009 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"Rise"[114] McClain Sisters 2012 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Rockstars"[115] Malik Harris 2022 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Roly-Poly"[116] T-ARA 2011 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Save Tonight"[117] Eagle Eye Cherry 1997 vi–IV–I–V C major
"Say Something"[118] A Great Big World 2013 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Scar"[119] Missy Higgins 2004 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Self Esteem"[2] The Offspring 1994 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Since You Been Gone"[120] Russ Ballard 1976 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Six Degrees of Separation"[121] The Script 2012 vi–IV–I–V C# minor
"Snow (Hey Oh)"[122] Red Hot Chili Peppers 2006 vi–IV–I–V B major/G# minor
"Soul To Squeeze"[123] Red Hot Chili Peppers 1993 I–V–vi–IV F major
"Sparks Fly"[124] Taylor Swift 2011 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"Stand"[125] Rascal Flatts 2007 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Stereo Hearts"[126] Gym Class Heroes 2011 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"Stronger (What Doesn't Kill You)"[127] Kelly Clarkson 2012 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Take On Me"[128] Aha 1984 I–V–vi–IV A major
"Take You Down"[129] Illenium 2018 vi–IV–I–V B major
"Tangled Up in Me"[130] Skye Sweetnam 2004 I–V–vi–IV C major
"The Days"[131] Avicii 2014 IV–I–V–vi (chorus) C major
"The Edge of Glory"[132] Lady Gaga 2011 I–V–vi–IV A major
"The Kids Aren't Alright"[133] The Offspring 1999 vi–IV–I–V Bb minor
"The Rock Show"[134] Blink-182 2001 vi–IV–I–V (bridge) A major/F# minor
"The Spectre"[135] Alan Walker 2017 vi-IV-I-V C# minor
"(There's Gotta Be) More to Life"[136] Stacie Orrico 2003 vi–IV–I–V F minor
"To Know Him Is to Love Him"[4] The Teddy Bears 1958 I–V–vi–IV D major
"Try"[137] P!nk 2012 IV–I–V–vi; vi–IV–I–V D major/B minor
"Tuesday's Gone"[138] Lynyrd Skynyrd 1973 I–V–vi–IV A major
"Up"[139] Olly Murs featuring Demi Lovato 2014 IV−I−V−vi (chorus) A major
"Wannabe"[140] Itzy 2020 IV–I–V–vi F# minor/A major
"Wannabe"[141] Spice Girls 1996 V−vi−IV−I B major
"We Found Love"[142] Rihanna feat. Calvin Harris 2011 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"What About Now"[143] Lonestar 2000 I–V–vi–IV E major
"What Would I Change It To"[144] Avicii & AlunaGeorge 2017 I–V–vi–IV B major
"What's My Age Again?"[145] Blink-182 1999 IV–I–V–vi; I–V–vi–IV F# major
"When Can I See You Again?"[146] Owl City 2012 I–V–vi–IV D major
"When I Come Around"[147] Green Day 1993 I–V–vi–IV F# major
"Wherever You Will Go"[148] The Calling 2001 I–V–vi–IV D major
"Where'd You Go"[149] Fort Minor feat. Holly Brook and Jonah Matranga 2006 I–V–vi–IV E major
"Whistle"[150] Flo Rida 2012 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Who You Are"[151] Jessie J 2011 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"Willst du"[152] Alligatoah 2013 vi–IV–I–V G# minor
"With Me"[153] Sum 41 2007 I–V–vi–IV (intro and verse) E major
"Young Volcanoes"[154] Fall Out Boy 2013 vi–IV–I–V (verse) B minor
"You Found Me"[155] The Fray 2008 vi–IV–I–V (chorus) G# minor
"You'll Think Of Me"[156] Keith Urban 2004 I–V–vi–IV; vi–IV–I–V A major/F# minor
"You're Not Sorry"[157] Taylor Swift 2008 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"Zombie"[158] The Cranberries 1994 vi–IV–I–V E minor

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bennett, Dan (2008). The Total Rock Bassist, p. 63. ISBN 978-0739052693
  2. ^ a b c Hirsh, Marc. "Striking a Chord", The Boston Globe, December 31, 2008.
  3. ^ a b Rundown 3/4: "Sensitive Female Chord Progression", Here and Now, March 4, 2009, wbur.org.
  4. ^ a b "TO KNOW HIM IS TO LOVE HIM Chords – The Teddy Bears | E-Chords". e-chords.com. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
  5. ^ "Unsupported Browser or Operating System". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 2013-10-20.(subscription required) Gbmaj7, Db(add2)/Ab, Fm7, Bbm9.
  6. ^ "Down", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  7. ^ Brian Mansfield. "Six songs, same tune? Mashup shows country music's similarities". USA Today.
  8. ^ Lynskey, Dorian (2010-12-17). "Don't Stop Believin': the power ballad that refused to die". The Guardian. p. 3 (Film & music). Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  9. ^ "4 Four Chord Song". YouTube. 2009-12-10. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
  10. ^ "4 Chords". YouTube. 2011-07-20. Archived from the original on 2021-12-15. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
  11. ^ Toft, Robert (2010). Hits and Misses, p.58. Bloomsbury. ISBN 9781441116857
  12. ^ Hurwitz, Tobias; ed. (2006). The Total Rock Guitarist, p.39. Alfred Music. ISBN 9780739038505
  13. ^ Serna, Desi (2013). Fretboard Theory Volume II, p.20. Desi Serna. ISBN 9780615818979
  14. ^ Lloyd, Peter (2014). The Secret Life of Chords, p.97. Australian eBook. ISBN 9781925029765.
  15. ^ Everett, Walter (2008). Expression in Pop-Rock Music, p.115. Routledge. ISBN 9780415979597.
  16. ^ Till, Rupert (2010). Pop Cult: Religion and Popular Music, p.61. A&C Black. ISBN 9780826432360.
  17. ^ Rodman, Ronald Wayne (2010). Tuning in: American Narrative Television Music, p.218. Oxford. ISBN 9780195340242.
  18. ^ Rooksby, Rikky (2007). Arranging Songs: How to Put the Parts Together, p.163. Hal Leonard. ISBN 9780879308964.
  19. ^ "10,000 Reasons (Bless The Lord)", www.worshiptogether.com
  20. ^ "20 Good Reasons", Ultimate-Guitar.com
  21. ^ "Adore You Chords by Harry Styles", ultimate-guitar.com
  22. ^ "Africa Chords by Toto", ultimate-guitar.com
  23. ^ "AISHA CHORDS by cheb khaled @ Ultimate-Guitar.Com". Archived from the original on 2016-08-22. Retrieved 2016-07-19.
  24. ^ "Ai Se Eu Te Pego Chords by Michel Teló". Tabs.Ultimate-Guitar.com.
  25. ^ "All You Wanted by Michelle Branch – Digital Sheet Music". MusicNotes.com.
  26. ^ "Bowling For Soup – Almost (Chords)". Retrieved 2018-08-15.
  27. ^ "Nightwish – Amaranth (Chords)" – via tabs.ultimate-guitar.com.
  28. ^ "20 A New Day Has Come", DrSheetMusic.com
  29. ^ "Apologize Chords by OneRepublic", Ultimate-Guitar.com.
  30. ^ Blackpink – As If Its Your Last 마지막처럼 (Chords), retrieved 2022-03-14
  31. ^ "Audience Of One Chords by Rise Against", Ultimate-Guitar.com.
  32. ^ "Bad Blood", ultimate-guitar.com.
  33. ^ "Bailando Chords by Enrique Iglesias". Tabs.Ultimate-Guitar.com. Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  34. ^ a b c Bennett, Dan (2008). The Total Rock Bassist, p.63. Alfred. ISBN 0-7390-5269-1.
  35. ^ "Gavin DeGraw – I Don't Want To Be". e-chords.com.
  36. ^ "Bullet", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  37. ^ "Buy "Bullet with Butterfly Wings (with Tab Staff)" Sheet Music by Smashing Pumpkins". Sheet Music Now (subscription required). Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  38. ^ Burn Chords by Ellie Goulding, Ultimate-Guitar.com
  39. ^ Rihanna (2012-09-26). "Rihanna "California King Bed" Sheet Music – Download & Print". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  40. ^ "Caramell – Caramelldansen (Chords)" – via tabs.ultimate-guitar.com.
  41. ^ "Check Yes Juliet Chords by We the Kings". Tabs.Ultimate-Guitar.com. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
  42. ^ Taylor, Swift; Imogen, Heap; Taylor, Swift (2014-12-29). "Clean". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 2019-04-17.
  43. ^ "Come Over", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  44. ^ Counting Stars Chords by OneRepublic, Ultimate-Guitar.com.
  45. ^ Florida Georgia Line (2012-12-04). "Florida Georgia Line "Cruise" Sheet Music – Download & Print". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  46. ^ "Cryin'", MusicNotes.com (subscription required)
  47. ^ Daddy Dj – Daddy Dj (Chords), retrieved 2020-06-07
  48. ^ "Dammit", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  49. ^ "Despacito", Ultimate-Guitar.com. (subscription required)
  50. ^ "Don't Trust Me", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  51. ^ "Don't You Wanna Stay", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  52. ^ "Dragostea Din Tei", Ultimate-Guitar.com
  53. ^ "Dream Catch Me", Ultimate-Guitar.com
  54. ^ "Drive By", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  55. ^ "Electrical Storm", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  56. ^ "Faded", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  57. ^ "Feeling This", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  58. ^ Samuel, Smith. "Jessie J "Flashlight" Sheet Music (Leadsheet) in F Major – Download & Print". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 2016-04-24.
  59. ^ "For the First Time", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  60. ^ Forever Young, ultimate-guitar.com
  61. ^ Pink. "Pink "F**kin' Perfect" Sheet Music – Download & Print". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  62. ^ "Fuckin Perfect Chords by P!nk". Tabs.Ultimate-Guitar.com. Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  63. ^ "Ghost Chords by Justin Bieber". Ultimate-Guitar.com.
  64. ^ "Girls Chase Boys Chords by Ingrid Michaelson", ultimate-guitar.com.
  65. ^ "Give Me Everything", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  66. ^ "Glycerine", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  67. ^ "Hair", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  68. ^ "Hall of Fame", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  69. ^ "Happy Ending", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  70. ^ "Heart Attack", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  71. ^ "Hello", UltimateGuitar.com.
  72. ^ "Hey Brother", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  73. ^ "Imogen Heap "Hide and Seek"". Music Notes (subscription required). Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  74. ^ "Home", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  75. ^ ""(G)I-DLE – HWAA" – via kpopchords.com.
  76. ^ "If I Were a Boy", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  77. ^ "I Just Had Sex", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  78. ^ "EXID – I Love You (Chords + Romanized Lyrics)". kpopchords.com. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
  79. ^ "Bruce Springsteen – Im Goin Down (Chords)" – via tabs.ultimate-guitar.com.
  80. ^ "Im Yours". tabs.ultimate-guitar.com. Retrieved 2016-06-25.
  81. ^ "In My Head", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required).
  82. ^ "International Love", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  83. ^ "In This River", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required).
  84. ^ "I Was Here", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  85. ^ "Just a Dream", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  86. ^ "Lemonade", Ultimate-Guitar.com
  87. ^ "Let It Be by The Beatles – Digital Sheet Music", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  88. ^ "Little Talks", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  89. ^ "Love Chords by Lana Del Rey". Tabs.Ultimate-Guitar.com.
  90. ^ "Love Me", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  91. ^ BLACKPINK − Lovesick Girls (Chords + Romanized Lyrics), kpopchords.com
  92. ^ "Love the Way You Lie", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  93. ^ "Marilyn Monroe", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  94. ^ My Name Is Jonas, MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  95. ^ "Nobody's Perfect", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  96. ^ "No One", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  97. ^ "e-chords.com
  98. ^ "Not Afraid", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  99. ^ "Nothing Chords by The Script". Tabs.Ultimate-Guitar.com. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
  100. ^ "Numb", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  101. ^ "One Day, ultimate-guitar.com (subscription required)
  102. ^ "One of Us", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  103. ^ "On the Floor", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  104. ^ "Otherside", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  105. ^ Out of the Woods, ultimate-guitar.com.
  106. ^ "Peace of Mind", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  107. ^ "Pieces", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  108. ^ "Poker Face", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  109. ^ "Pork and Beans", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  110. ^ "Social Distortion – Prison Bound (Chords)" – via tabs.ultimate-guitar.com.
  111. ^ "Ready or Not", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  112. ^ "Real World Chords by Matchbox Twenty". Tabs.Ultimate-Guitar.com. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  113. ^ "Replay", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  114. ^ "Rise", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  115. ^ "Rockstars", Ultimate-guitar.com
  116. ^ "T-ARA – Roly Poly (Chords + Romanized Lyrics)". Retrieved 2022-02-09.
  117. ^ "Save Tonight", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  118. ^ "Say Something", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  119. ^ "Scar", Ultimate-guitar.com
  120. ^ "Since You Been Gone chords by Rainbow". Retrieved 2018-06-05.
  121. ^ "Six Degrees of Separation", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  122. ^ "Snow (Hey Oh)", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  123. ^ "Soul to Squeeze", tabs.ultimate-guitar.com. Retrieved 2016-07-02.
  124. ^ "Sparks Fly", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  125. ^ "Stand", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  126. ^ "Stereo Hearts", CifraClub.com.br
  127. ^ "What Doesn't Kill You (Stronger)", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  128. ^ "Take on Me". Sheet Music Now. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  129. ^ "Illenium – Take you down Sheet music for Piano (Solo)". MuseScore.com. Retrieved 2022-05-02.
  130. ^ "Tangled Up in Me", Ultimate-Guitar.com
  131. ^ "The Days Chords by Avicii". Tabs.Ultimate-Guitar.com. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
  132. ^ Lady Gaga. "Lady Gaga "The Edge of Glory" Sheet Music – Download & Print". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  133. ^ "The Kids Aren't Alright", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  134. ^ "The Rock Show", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  135. ^ Alan Walker – The Spectre (Chords), retrieved 2022-03-17
  136. ^ "(There's Gotta Be) More to Life", Ultimate-Guitar.com
  137. ^ "Try", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  138. ^ "Tuesday's Gone", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  139. ^ Olly Murs – Up (Chords), retrieved 2022-07-19
  140. ^ Itzy – Wannabe (Chords), retrieved 2022-03-14
  141. ^ "Wannabe Chords by Spice Girls". Tabs.Ultimate-Guitar.com. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
  142. ^ "We Found Love", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  143. ^ "What About Now", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  144. ^ "What Would I Change It To", genius.com. (subscription required)
  145. ^ "What's My Age Again?", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  146. ^ When Can I See You Again", MusicNotes.com (subscription required)
  147. ^ "When I Come Around", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  148. ^ "Wherever You Will Go", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  149. ^ "Whered You Go Chords by Fort Minor feat. Holly Brook & Jonah Matranga". Tabs.Ultimate-Guitar.com. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
  150. ^ "Whistle", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  151. ^ "Who You Are", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  152. ^ Willst Du Chords by Alligatoah, Ultimate-Guitar.com.
  153. ^ "With Me Chords by Sum 41". Ultimate-Guitar.com. Retrieved 27 August 2022.
  154. ^ Young Volcanoes Chords by Fall Out Boy, Ultimate-Guitar.com.
  155. ^ "You Found Me Chords by The Fray". Tabs.Ultimate-Guitar.com. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
  156. ^ "You'll Think Of Me", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  157. ^ "You're Not Sorry", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  158. ^ "Zombie Chords by The Cranberries". Tabs.Ultimate-Guitar.com. Retrieved 24 July 2022.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]