List of sorghum diseases

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This article is a list of diseases of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor).

Bacterial diseases[edit]

Bacterial diseases
Bacterial leaf spot Pseudomonas syringae
Bacterial leaf streak Xanthomonas campestris pv. holcicola
Bacterial leaf stripe Burkholderia andropogonis

Fungal diseases[edit]

Fungal diseases
Acremonium wilt

Acremonium strictum
= Cephalosporium acremonium

Anthracnose (foliar, head, root and stalk rot)

Colletotrichum graminicola
Glomerella graminicola [teleomorph]

Charcoal rot

Macrophomina phaseolina

Crazy top downy mildew

Sclerophthora macrospora
= Sclerospora macrospora

Damping-off and seed rot

Aspergillus spp.
Exserohilium spp.
Fusarium spp.
Penicillium spp.
Pythium spp.
Rhizoctonia spp.
and other species.

Ergot

Sphacelia sorghi
Claviceps sorghi [teleomorph]

Fusarium head blight, root and stalk rot

Fusarium moniliforme
Gibberella fujikuroi [teleomorph]
Fusarium spp.

Grain storage mold

Aspergillus spp.
Penicillium spp.
and other species.

Gray leaf spot

Cercospora sorghi

Latter leaf spot

Cercospora fusimaculans

Leaf blight

Setosphaeria turcica
Exserohilum turcicum [anamorph]
= Helminthosporium turcicum

Milo disease (Periconia root rot)

Periconia circinata

Oval leaf spot

Ramulispora sorghicola

Pokkah Boeng (twisted top)

Gibberella fujikuroi var. subglutinans
Fusarium moniliforme var. subglutinans [anamorph]

Pythium root rot

Pythium spp.
Pythium graminicola

Rough leaf spot

Ascochyta sorghi

Rust

Puccinia purpurea

Seedling blight and seed rot

Colletotrichum graminicola
Exserohilum turcicum
Fusarium moniliforme
Pythium spp.
Pythium aphanidermatum

Smut, covered kernel

Sporisorium sorghi
= Sphacelotheca sorghi

Smut, head

Sphacelotheca reiliana
= Sporisorium holci-sorghi

Smut, loose kernel

Sporisorium cruentum
= Sphacelotheca cruenta

Sooty stripe

Ramulispora sorghi

Sorghum downy mildew

Peronosclerospora sorghi
= Sclerospora sorghi

Tar spot

Phyllachora sacchari

Target leaf spot

Bipolaris cookei
= Helminthosporium cookei

Zonate leaf spot and sheath blight

Gloeocercospora sorghi

Nematodes, parasitic[edit]

Nematodes, parasitic
Awl Dolichodorus spp.
Dagger, American Xiphinema americanum
Lesion Pratylenchus spp.
Needle Longidorus africanus and other species
Pin Paratylenchus spp.
Reniform Rotylenchus spp.
Ring Criconemella spp.
Root-knot Meloidogyne spp.
Spiral Helicotylenchus spp.
Sting Belonolaimus longicaudatus
Stubby-root

Paratrichodorus spp.
Paratrichodorus minor

Stunt

Tylenchorhynchus spp.
Merlinius brevidens

Phytoplasma and Viral diseases[edit]

Viral diseases
Maize chlorotic dwarf Maize chlorotic dwarf virus
Maize dwarf mosaic Maize dwarf mosaic virus
Sugarcane mosaic Sugarcane mosaic virus
Yellow sorghum stunt Yellow sorghum stunt phytoplasma

References[edit]