List of sovereign states and dependencies by total fertility rate

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Map of countries by total fertility rate (2020-2025), according to UNPD.
Map of countries by total fertility rate (2020-2025), according to UNPD.[1]

This is a list of all sovereign states and dependencies by total fertility rate (TFR): the expected number of children born per woman in her child-bearing years.

Methodology[edit]

The first lists show the most recent year where there is published total fertility rate (TFR) data ranked by sovereign states and dependencies, and are ordered by organization type - Intergovernmental, Governmental or Non-governmental organization that searched, organized and published the data.

Country ranking by most recent years lists:

Intergovernmental organizations ranking lists

The World Bank ranking list is based on the data for the year 2018 published online.[2] The World Bank is a United Nations international financial institution, a component of the World Bank Group, and a member of the United Nations Development Group, but it also collects and analyses information on demography issues based on international and national sources: (1) United Nations Population Division. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report (various years), (3) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, (4) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, (5) Secretariat of the Pacific Community: Statistics and Demography Programme, and (6) U.S. Census Bureau: International Database.

Note: Sometimes World Bank changes its figures of fertility rates for a certain year due to more accurate and updated information from sources. Because of that, sometimes it is necessary to update World Bank figures for fertility rates more than once for the same year.

Governmental organizations ranking lists

The CIA ranking list is sourced from the CIA World Factbook for the most recent year[3][4] unless otherwise specified. Sovereign states and countries are ranked. Some countries might not be listed because they are not fully recognized as countries at the time of this census.

The INED - Institut National d'Études Démographiques is based on the online publication Population & Sociétés - Tous les pays du monde (2019), number 569, September 2019.[5]

Non-governmental organizations ranking lists

The Population Reference Bureau (PRB) ranking list is based on the data of the 2020 World Population Data Sheet [6] published online. The Population Reference Bureau (PRB)[7] is a private, nonprofit organization which informs people around the world about population, health and the environment for research or academic purposes. It was founded in 1929. World Population Data Sheets are double-sided wallcharts (now published online) that present detailed information on demographic, health and environment indicators for more than 200 countries.

Note: Changes in figures of fertility rates by country from one year to another do not always reflect an actual increase or decrease of fertility rates in a certain country but instead reflect a change made due to more accurate and updated information from sources.

The Our World In Data (OWID) Country ranking 2019 list is sourced and based on the OWID website (on the clickable map and quoted sources).[8][9] (OWID) is an online publication that presents empirical research and data that show how living conditions around the world are changing. The aim is to show how the world is changing and why. The publication is developed at the University of Oxford and authored by social historian and development economist Max Roser.

Comparison ranking lists:

The Our World In Data (OWID) Country ranking and comparison by TFR: 1950 and 2015 list is sourced and based on the OWID website (on the clickable map and quoted sources).[10][11] Our World In Data (OWID) is an online publication that presents empirical research and data that show how living conditions around the world are changing. The aim is to show how the world is changing and why. The publication is developed at the University of Oxford and authored by social historian and development economist Max Roser.

The World Bank Country ranking and comparison by TFR: 1960 and 2015 list is sourced and based on the online published demographic data of the World Bank web site (on the clickable map and quoted sources).[12]

The Population Reference Bureau (PRB) Country ranking and comparison by TFR: 1970 and 2013 list is sourced and based on the data of the 2014 World Population Data Sheet[13] published online.[14][15]

Forecast/Prediction ranking lists:

The UN ranking list is sourced from the United Nations World Population Prospects. Figures are from the 2015 revision of the United Nations World Population Prospects report, for the period 2015–2020, using the medium assumption.[16][17] and from the 2019 revision United Nations World Population Prospects report, for the period 2020–2025, using the medium assumption.[18] The United Nations Population Division (part of the DESA - Department of Economic and Social Affairs[19]) ranking list is based on the forecast/prediction for the years 2015-2020 and 2020-2025 published online.[20][21]

Only countries/territories with a population of 100 000 or more in 2019 are included. Ranks are based on the 2015–2020 and 2020-2025 figures.

Country ranking by most recent year[edit]

Country ranking by Intergovernmental organizations[edit]

2019 List by the World Bank [22]
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2019
(births/woman)
1  Niger 6.824
2  Somalia 5.978
3  DR Congo 5.819
4  Mali 5.785
5  Chad 5.649
6  Angola 5.442
7  Burundi 5.321
8  Nigeria 5.317
9  Gambia 5.154
10  Burkina Faso 5.109
11  Tanzania 4.832
12  Uganda 4.824
13  Mozambique 4.783
14  Benin 4.767
15  Central African Republic 4.645
16  Guinea 4.625
17  South Sudan 4.619
18  Ivory Coast 4.593
19  Zambia 4.559
20  Senegal 4.556
21  Cameroon 4.506
22  Mauritania 4.503
23  Equatorial Guinea 4.429
24  Guinea-Bissau 4.402
25  Congo 4.374
26  Solomon Islands 4.361
27  Sudan 4.347
28  Afghanistan 4.321
29  São Tomé and Príncipe 4.267
30  Togo 4.259
31  Liberia 4.247
32  Sierra Leone 4.169
33  Ethiopia 4.146
34  Comoros 4.138
35  Malawi 4.127
36  Madagascar 4.026
37  Eritrea 3.997
38  Rwanda 3.990
39  East Timor 3.947
40  Gabon 3.922
41  Samoa 3.830
42  Ghana 3.816
43  Vanuatu 3.774
44  Yemen 3.700
45  Iraq 3.597
46  Palestine (Gaza Strip and West Bank) 3.560
47  Tajikistan 3.556
48  Zimbabwe 3.531
49  Kiribati 3.530
50  Papua New Guinea 3.520
51  Tonga 3.518
52  Pakistan 3.454
53  Kenya 3.423
54  Namibia 3.344
55  Kyrgyzstan 3.300
56  Egypt 3.280
57  Lesotho 3.108
58  Micronesia 3.010
59  Israel 3.010
60  Algeria 2.988
61  Eswatini (Swaziland) 2.958
62  Kazakhstan 2.900
63  Haiti 2.887
64  Mongolia 2.867
65  Oman 2.842
66  Botswana 2.836
67  Guatemala 2.822
68  Uzbekistan 2.785
69  Syria 2.771
70  Fiji 2.754
71  Turkmenistan 2.740
72  Jordan 2.691
73  Bolivia 2.688
74  Djibouti 2.676
75  Laos 2.626
76  Philippines 2.526
77  Cambodia 2.478
78  Guyana 2.440
79  Panama 2.437
80  Honduras 2.427
81  Paraguay 2.405
82  Ecuador 2.403
  World 2.403
83 (1)  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 2.400
84  Suriname 2.394
85  Morocco 2.382
86  South Africa 2.381
87  Nicaragua 2.377
88  Seychelles 2.340
89  Dominican Republic 2.323
90 (2)  Guam (US) 2.293
91  Indonesia 2.288
92  Saudi Arabia 2.275
93  Belize 2.274
94  Venezuela 2.250
95  Argentina 2.247
96  Cape Verde 2.242
97  Peru 2.233
98  Libya 2.206
99  India 2.202
100  Sri Lanka 2.188
101  Tunisia 2.174
102  Iran 2.146
103  Myanmar (Burma) 2.138
104  Mexico 2.103
  Population Replacement 2.100
105 (3)  Greenland (Denmark) 2.080
106  Kuwait 2.077
107  Lebanon 2.075
108  Turkey 2.055
109  Georgia 2.055
110 (4)  U.S. Virgin Islands (US) 2.050
111  Vietnam 2.050
112  Grenada 2.042
113  El Salvador 2.021
114  Bangladesh 2.011
115  Antigua and Barbuda 1.987
116  Malaysia 1.983
117  Kosovo 1.970
118  Jamaica 1.965
119  Bahrain 1.964
120  Uruguay 1.963
121  Bhutan 1.954
122 (5)  New Caledonia (France) 1.940
123 (6)  French Polynesia (France) 1.927
124 (7)  Aruba (Netherlands) 1.901
125  North Korea 1.896
126  Nepal 1.876
127  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.872
128  France 1.870
129  Qatar 1.846
130  Maldives 1.840
131  Brunei 1.819
132 (8)  Saint Martin (France) (French part) 1.8 (?)
133  Azerbaijan 1.800
134  Colombia 1.789
135  Romania 1.760
136  Armenia 1.758
137  Iceland 1.750
138  Montenegro 1.748
139  Bahamas 1.743
140  Costa Rica 1.737
141  New Zealand 1.720
142  Trinidad and Tobago 1.711
143  Czech Republic 1.710
144  United States 1.705
145  Ireland 1.700
146  Denmark 1.700
147  Sweden 1.700
148  China 1.696
149  Estonia 1.660
150  Australia 1.657
151  United Kingdom 1.650
152  Brazil 1.648
153  Chile 1.627
154  Barbados 1.623
155  Latvia 1.610
156  Slovenia 1.610
157  Lithuania 1.610
158  Cuba 1.602
159 (9)  Curaçao (Netherlands) 1.600
160  Albania 1.597
161 (10)  Bermuda (UK) 1.590
162  Bulgaria 1.580
163  Netherlands 1.570
164  Belgium 1.570
165  Slovakia 1.560
166  Germany 1.540
167  Norway 1.530
168  Serbia 1.520
169  Thailand 1.514
170 Channel Islands - (11)  Guernsey (UK) and (12)  Jersey (UK) 1.510
171  Russia 1.504
172  Hungary 1.490
173  North Macedonia 1.489
174  Switzerland 1.480
175  Liechtenstein 1.58
176  Croatia 1.470
177  Canada 1.468
178  Austria 1.460
179  Saint Lucia 1.424
180  Poland 1.420
181  Portugal 1.420
182  Mauritius 1.400
183  United Arab Emirates 1.387
184  Belarus 1.382
185  Japan 1.360
186  Finland 1.350
187  Greece 1.350
188  Luxembourg 1.340
189  Cyprus 1.321
190  Italy 1.270
191  Moldova 1.269
192  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.254
193  Spain 1.240
194  Ukraine 1.228
195 (13)  Macau (China) 1.200
196  Singapore 1.140
197  Malta 1.100
198 (14)  Hong Kong (China) 1.072
199 (15)  Puerto Rico (US) 1.035
200  South Korea 0.864
  Sovereign States: 185
  Dependent Territories: 15
  World
World 2.377
  Major Regions
1 Sub-Saharan Africa (excluding high income) 4.6
2 Sub-Saharan Africa 4.6
3 Arab world 3.2
4 Middle East and North Africa (excluding high income) 2.9
5 Middle East and North Africa 2.8
6 South Asia 2.4
7 Latin America and Caribbean 2.0
8 Latin America and Caribbean (excluding high income) 1.9
9 Europe and Central Asia (excluding high income) 1.9
10 East Asia and Pacific (excluding high income) 1.9
11 East Asia and Pacific 1.8
12 Europe and Central Asia 1.7
13 North America 1.7
14 Central Europe and the Baltics 1.6
  States’ Size
1 Pacific Island small states 3.5
2 Other small states 3.0
3 Small states 2.8
4 Caribbean small states 2.0
  International Organizations
1 OECD members 1.7
2 European Union 1.5
  Security Situation
1 Fragile and conflict affected situations 4.5
  Economic Areas
1 Euro area 1.5
  Economic Situation
1 Heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) 4.6
2 Least Developed Countries: UN classification 3.9
  Income
1 Low income countries 4.5
2 Lower middle income countries 2.7
3 Low and middle income countries 2.5
4 Middle income countries 2.3
5 Upper middle income countries 1.9
6 High income countries 1.6
  Not Ranked (no data or data from other years)
1  American Samoa (US) -
2  Andorra 1.3 (2010)
3  British Virgin Islands (UK) -
4  Cayman Islands (UK) -
5  Dominica 1.9 (2003)
6  French Guiana (France) -
7  Gibraltar (UK) -
8  Guadeloupe (France) -
9  Isle of Man (UK) 1.6 (2002)
10  Marshall Islands 4.0 (2011)
11  Mayotte (France) -
12  Monaco -
13  Nauru -
14  Northern Mariana Islands (US) -
15  Palau 2.2 (2015)
16  San Marino 1.3 (2012)
17  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) (Dutch part) 2.0 (2011)
18  Saint Kitts and Nevis 2.1 (2002)
19  Turks and Caicos Islands -
20  Tuvalu -
21  Vatican City -
22  Western Sahara -

Note: (-) Data unavailable, inapplicable, not collected or country or dependent territory not included. Sovereign states and dependent territories listed by alphabetical order, not ranked.

Country ranking by Governmental organizations[edit]

2019 List by the INED - Institut National d'Études Démographiques[23]
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2019
(births/woman)
1  Niger 6.8
2  Somalia 6.0
3  DR Congo 5.8
4  Mali 5.8
5  Chad 5.6
6  Angola 5.4
7  Burundi 5.3
8  Nigeria 5.3
9  Gambia 5.2
10  Burkina Faso 5.1
11  Benin 4.8
12  Mozambique 4.8
13  Tanzania 4.8
14  Uganda 4.8
15  Central African Republic 4.6
16  Ivory Coast 4.6
17  Guinea 4.6
18  Senegal 4.6
19  South Sudan 4.6
20  Zambia 4.6
21  Cameroon 4.5
22  Mauritania 4.5
23  Congo 4.4
24  Equatorial Guinea 4.4
25  Guinea-Bissau 4.4
26  Afghanistan 4.3
27  São Tomé and Príncipe 4.3
28  Sudan 4.3
29  Togo 4.3
30  Liberia 4.2
31  Sierra Leone 4.2
32  Comoros 4.1
33  Ethiopia 4.1
34  Malawi 4.1
35  Marshall Islands 4.1
36  Eritrea 4.0
37  Madagascar 4.0
38  Rwanda 4.0
39  Gabon 3.9
40  Solomon Islands 3.9
41  East Timor 3.9
42  Ghana 3.8
43  Samoa 3.8
44  Vanuatu 3.7
45  Yemen 3.7
46  Iraq 3.6
47 (1)  Mayotte (France) 3.6
48  Palestine (Gaza Strip and West Bank) 3.6
49  Tajikistan 3.6
50  Kiribati 3.5
51  Pakistan 3.5
52  Papua New Guinea 3.5
53  Tonga 3.5
54  Zimbabwe 3.5
55  Kenya 3.4
56  Egypt 3.3
57 (2)  French Guiana (France) 3.3
58  Namibia 3.3
59  Lesotho 3.1
60  Algeria 3.0
61  Israel 3.0
62  Kyrgyzstan 3.0
63  Micronesia 3.0
64  Eswatini (Swaziland) 3.0
65  Haiti 2.9
66  Mongolia 2.9
67  Botswana 2.8
68  Fiji 2.8
69  Guatemala 2.8
70  Oman 2.8
71  Syria 2.8
72  Bolivia 2.7
73  Djibouti 2.7
74  Jordan 2.7
75  Kazakhstan 2.7
76  Turkmenistan 2.7
77  Laos 2.6
78  Cambodia 2.5
79  Philippines 2.5
80  Ecuador 2.4
81  Guyana 2.4
82  Honduras 2.4
83  Morocco 2.4
84  Nicaragua 2.4
85  Panama 2.4
86  Paraguay 2.4
87  Seychelles 2.4
88  South Africa 2.4
89  Suriname 2.4
90  Uzbekistan 2.4
91  Western Sahara 2.4
  World 2.4
92  Belize 2.3
93  Dominican Republic 2.3
94 (3)  Guam (US) 2.3
95  Indonesia 2.3
96  Saudi Arabia 2.3
97  Venezuela 2.3
98  Argentina 2.2
99  Cape Verde 2.2
100  India 2.2
101  Libya 2.2
102  Peru 2.2
103 (4)  Réunion (France) 2.2
104  Sri Lanka 2.2
105  Tunisia 2.2
106  Azerbaijan 2.1
107  Georgia 2.1
108 (5)  Guadeloupe (France) 2.1
109  Iran 2.1
110  Kuwait 2.1
111  Lebanon 2.1
112  Mexico 2.1
113  Myanmar (Burma) 2.1
114  Turkey 2.1
115  Vietnam 2.1
  Population Replacement 2.1
116  Antigua and Barbuda 2.0
117  Bahrain 2.0
118  Bangladesh 2.0
119  Bhutan 2.0
120  El Salvador 2.0
121  Grenada 2.0
122  Jamaica 2.0
123  Malaysia 2.0
124  Uruguay 2.0
125 (6)  U.S. Virgin Islands (US) 2.0
126 (7)  Aruba (Netherlands) 1.9
127 (8)  French Polynesia (France) 1.9
128  North Korea 1.9
129 (9)  Martinique (France) 1.9
130  Monaco 1.9
131  Nepal 1.9
132 (10)  New Caledonia (France) 1.9
133  New Zealand 1.9
134  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.9
135  Armenia 1.8
136  Australia 1.8
137  Brunei 1.8
138  Colombia 1.8
139  Denmark 1.8
140  Dominica 1.8
141  France (Metropolitan France) 1.8
142  Ireland 1.8
143  Maldives 1.8
144  Qatar 1.8
145  Russia 1.8
146  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.8
147  Sweden 1.8
148  United States 1.8
149  Bahamas 1.7
150  Belarus 1.7
151  Belgium 1.7
152  China (mainland only) 1.7
153  Costa Rica 1.7
154 (11)  Curaçao (Netherlands) 1.7
155  Czech Republic 1.7
156  Iceland 1.7
157  Kosovo 1.7
158  Latvia 1.7
159  Lithuania 1.7
160  Montenegro 1.7
161  Norway 1.7
162  Trinidad and Tobago 1.7
163  United Kingdom 1.7
164  Albania 1.6
165  Barbados 1.6
166  Bulgaria 1.6
167  Brazil 1.6
168  Chile 1.6
169  Cuba 1.6
170  Estonia 1.6
171  Germany 1.6
172  Romania 1.6
173  Slovenia 1.6
174  Austria 1.5
175  Canada 1.5
176  Finland 1.5
177  Hungary 1.5
178  Malta 1.5
179  North Macedonia 1.5
180  Slovakia 1.5
181  Switzerland 1.5
182  Thailand 1.5
183  Croatia 1.4
184 (12)  Hong Kong (China) 1.4
185  Japan 1.4
186  Liechtenstein 1.4
187  Luxembourg 1.4
188  Mauritius 1.4
189  Netherlands 1.4
190  Poland 1.4
191  Saint Lucia 1.4
192  Serbia 1.4
193  Ukraine 1.4
194  United Arab Emirates 1.4
195  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3
196  Cyprus 1.3
197  Greece 1.3
198  Italy 1.3
199  Moldova 1.3
200  Portugal 1.3
201  San Marino 1.3
202  Spain 1.3
203  Republic of China (Taiwan) 1.2
204 (13)  Macau (China) 1.2
205 (14)  Puerto Rico (US) 1.2
206  Singapore 1.2
207  Andorra 1.0
208  South Korea 0.9
  Sovereign States: 194
  Dependent Territories: 14
  World
1 World 2.4
  Continents
1 Africa 4.4
2 Oceania 2.3
3 Asia 2.1
4 Americas 1.9
5 Europe 1.6
  Major Regions
1 Middle Africa 5.4
2 Western Africa 5.1
3 Eastern Africa 4.3
4 Northern Africa 3.2
5 Central Asia 2.7
6 Western Asia 2.6
7 Southern Africa 2.5
8 Oceania 2.3
9 South Asia 2.3
10 Caribbean 2.2
11 Central America 2.2
12 Southeast Asia 2.2
13 South America 1.9
14 East Asia 1.7
15 Eastern Europe 1.7
16 Northern America 1.7
17 Northern Europe 1.7
18 Western Europe 1.7
19 Southern Europe 1.3
  Not Ranked
1 Channel Islands - (1)  Guernsey (UK) and (2)  Jersey (UK) -
2 (3)  Christmas Island (Australia) -
3 (4)  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) -
4  EU -
5 (5)  Falkland Islands (UK) -
6 (6)  Faroe Islands (Denmark) -
7  Nauru -
8  Niue -
9 (7)  Norfolk Island (Australia) -
10  Palau -
11 (8)  Pitcairn Islands (UK) -
12 (9)  Svalbard (Norway) -
13 (10)  Tokelau (New Zealand) -
14  Tuvalu -
15  Vatican City -
  Sovereign States: 4
  Dependent Territories: 10
2021 List by the CIA World Factbook[24][25]
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2021
(births/woman)
1  Niger 6.91
2  Angola 5.90
3  DR Congo 5.70
4  Mali 5.63
5  Chad 5.57
6  Benin 5.47
7  Uganda 5.45
8  South Sudan 5.43
9  Somalia 5.41
10  Burundi 5.10
11  Mozambique 4.89
12  Guinea 4.89
13  Liberia 4.84
14  Afghanistan 4.72
15  Guinea-Bissau 4.72
16  Nigeria 4.67
17  Sudan 4.66
18  Zambia 4.63
19  Cameroon 4.61
20  Sierra Leone 4.58
21  Tanzania 4.45
22  Congo 4.41
23  Burkina Faso 4.39
24  East Timor 4.32
25  Togo 4.28
26  Central African Republic 4.09
27  Ethiopia 4.07
28  Equatorial Guinea 4.02
29  Senegal 3.97
30  Zimbabwe 3.91
31  Ghana 3.71
32  Madagascar 3.70
33  São Tomé and Príncipe 3.69
34  Eritrea 3.65
35  Ivory Coast 3.60
36  Mauritania 3.59
37  Gaza Strip ( Palestine) 3.54
38  Pakistan 3.53
39  Malawi 3.51
40  Rwanda 3.42
41  Kenya 3.36
42  Gabon 3.36
43  Iraq 3.32
44  Egypt 3.23
45  Gambia 3.13
46  Libya 3.13
47  Yemen 3.10
48  Namibia 3.03
49  West Bank ( Palestine) 3.02
50  Jordan 3.00
51  Lesotho 2.95
52  Solomon Islands 2.92
53  Philippines 2.89
54  Comoros 2.86
55  Tuvalu 2.86
56  Syria 2.85
57  Tonga 2.81
58 (1)  Guam (US) 2.81
59  Marshall Islands 2.81
60  Papua New Guinea 2.79
61  Oman 2.73
62  Vanuatu 2.72
63  Guatemala 2.67
64  Belize 2.66
65 (2)  Northern Mariana Islands (US) 2.66
66  Nauru 2.65
67  Israel 2.57
68  Laos 2.57
69  Algeria 2.55
70  Kyrgyzstan 2.52
71  Eswatini (Swaziland) 2.48
72  Tajikistan 2.48
73  Haiti 2.48
74  Samoa 2.46
75  Bolivia 2.45
76  Botswana 2.42
  World 2.42 (2020 estimate)
77  Cambodia 2.36
78 (3)  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 2.30
79  Morocco 2.29
80  Fiji 2.28
81  India 2.28
82 (4)  American Samoa (US) 2.28
83  Micronesia 2.27
84  Kuwait 2.25
85  Venezuela 2.24
86  Dominican Republic 2.23
87  Kiribati 2.23
88  Panama 2.21
89  South Africa 2.20
90  Argentina 2.20
91  Mexico 2.17
92  Djibouti 2.17
93  Cape Verde 2.14
94  Colombia 2.14
95  Kazakhstan 2.13
  Population Replacement 2.10
96  Bangladesh 2.09
97  Cook Islands (self-governing country in free association with  New Zealand) 2.09
98  El Salvador 2.07
99  Guyana 2.07
100  Ecuador 2.07
101  Vietnam 2.06
102  Jamaica 2.06
103  Honduras 2.05
104  Burma (Myanmar) 2.05
105  France 2.04
106  Indonesia 2.04
107  Turkmenistan 2.04
108  Tunisia 2.03
109  Peru 2.02
110  Dominica 2.02
111 (5)  U.S. Virgin Islands (US ) 2.01
112 (6)  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 2.00
113  Sri Lanka 2.00
114 (7)  Curaçao (Netherlands) 1.99
115  Bahamas 1.98
116  Iceland 1.96
117  Antigua and Barbuda 1.96
118  Saudi Arabia 1.95
119  Grenada 1.95
120  Turkey 1.94
121  Iran 1.93
122  Nepal 1.93
123  Mongolia 1.93
124  Ireland 1.93
125  Kosovo 1.92
126 (8)  Greenland (Denmark) 1.92
127 (9)  Gibraltar (UK) 1.91
128  North Korea 1.91
129 (10)  Bermuda (UK) 1.91
130  Qatar 1.90
131 (11)  Isle of Man (UK) 1.90
132  Paraguay 1.89
133  Azerbaijan 1.87
134  Costa Rica 1.87
135 (12)  New Caledonia (France) 1.87
136  New Zealand 1.87
137  United Kingdom 1.86
138  Sweden 1.86
139  Suriname 1.85
140  United States 1.84
141  Norway 1.84
142 (13)  Cayman Islands (UK) 1.83
143 (14)  Aruba (Netherlands) 1.83
144  Seychelles 1.82
145 (15)  French Polynesia (France) 1.82
146  Montenegro 1.82
147  Nicaragua 1.81
148 (16)  Saint Martin (France) 1.80
149  Bhutan 1.80
150  Netherlands 1.78
151  Denmark 1.77
152  Belgium 1.77
153  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.77
154  Malaysia 1.76
155  Chile 1.76
156  Uruguay 1.76
157  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.75
158  Georgia 1.75
159  Brunei 1.75
160  Finland 1.74
161  Australia 1.74
162  Uzbekistan 1.73
163  Mauritius 1.73
164  Brazil 1.73
165  Saint Lucia 1.73
166 (17)  Anguilla (UK) 1.72
167  Lebanon 1.71
168 (18)  Wallis and Futuna (France) 1.71
169  Cuba 1.71
170  Maldives 1.71
171  Barbados 1.70
172  Palau 1.70
173  Trinidad and Tobago 1.70
174 (19)  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 1.70
175  Liechtenstein 1.69
176  Bahrain 1.68
177 (20)  Jersey (UK) 1.66
178  United Arab Emirates 1.65
179  Armenia 1.65
180 (21)  Saint Barthélemy (France) 1.64
181  Luxembourg 1.63
-  EU 1.62
182  Estonia 1.61
183  Lithuania 1.61
184  Russia 1.60
185  China 1.60
186 (22)  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 1.60
187  Slovenia 1.59
188 (23)  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 1.58
189  Moldova 1.58
190 (24)  Guernsey (UK) 1.58
191  Switzerland 1.58
192  Canada 1.57
193  Ukraine 1.56
194  Thailand 1.54
195  Latvia 1.54
196  Albania 1.53
197  Monaco 1.52
198  San Marino 1.52
199  Spain 1.51
200  Belarus 1.51
201  North Macedonia 1.51
202  Austria 1.50
203  Malta 1.50
204  Bulgaria 1.49
205  Czech Republic 1.49
206  Germany 1.48
207  Cyprus 1.48
208  Hungary 1.48
209  Italy 1.47
210  Serbia 1.47
211  Slovakia 1.45
212  Andorra 1.44
213  Croatia 1.44
214  Portugal 1.42
215  Poland 1.39
216  Greece 1.39
217  Romania 1.38
218  Japan 1.38
219  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.35
220 (25)  British Virgin Islands (UK) 1.34
221 (26)  Montserrat (UK) 1.31
222 (27)  Puerto Rico (US) 1.23
223 (28)  Hong Kong (China) 1.22
224 (29)  Macau (China) 1.21
225  Singapore 1.15
226  South Korea 1.09
227  Republic of China (Taiwan) 1.07
  Sovereign States: 198
  Dependent Territories: 29
  World
1 World 2.42 (2020 estimate)
  Not Ranked
1 (1)  Ashmore and Cartier Islands (Australia) (uninhabited) -
2 (2)  Christmas Island (Australia) -
3 (3)  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) -
4 (4)  Coral Sea Islands (Australia) -
5 (5)  Falkland Islands (UK) -
6 (6)  French Guiana (France) -
7 (7)  Guadeloupe (France) -
8 (8)  Martinique (France) -
9 (9)  Mayotte (France) -
10  Niue (self-governing state in free association with  New Zealand) -
11 (10)  Norfolk Island (Australia) -
12 (..1..) Paracel Islands (disputed territory) ( Vietnam, until 1974) (occupied by  China since 1974, also claimed by  Republic of China (Taiwan) and  Vietnam) -
13 (11)  Pitcairn Islands (UK) -
14 (12)  Réunion (France) -
15 (13)  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK) -
16 (..2..) Spratly Islands (disputed territory) (partially occupied by six countries -  China;  Republic of China (Taiwan);  Philippines;  Malaysia;  Vietnam and  Brunei) -
17 (14)  Svalbard (Norway) -
18  Vatican City -
19 (..3..)  Western Sahara (disputed territory between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic) ("Free Zone" is a self proclaimed and de facto sovereign state) 3.65 (2020)
  Sovereign States: 2
  Dependent Territories: 14
  Disputed Territories: 3

Note:

(-) Data unavailable, inapplicable, not collected or country or dependent territory not included. Sovereign states and dependent territories listed by alphabetical order, not ranked.

Country ranking by Nongovernmental organizations[edit]

2020 List by the PRB - Population Reference Bureau[citation needed]
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2020
(births/woman)
1  Niger 7.1
2  Mali 6.3
3  DR Congo 6.2
4  Angola 6.1
5  Somalia 6.0
6  Chad 5.9
7  Benin 5.7
8  Burundi 5.3
9  Burkina Faso 5.2
10  Nigeria 5.3
11  Uganda 5.0
12  Mozambique 4.9
13  Tanzania 4.9
14  Cameroon 4.8
15  Guinea-Bissau 4.8
16  Central African Republic 4.7
17  Guinea 4.7
18 (1)  Mayotte (France) 4.7
19  South Sudan 4.7
20  Zambia 4.7
21  Ivory Coast 4.6
22  Madagascar 4.6
23  Senegal 4.6
24  Togo 4.6
25  Afghanistan 4.5
26  Equatorial Guinea 4.5
27  Mauritania 4.5
28  Congo 4.4
29  Gambia 4.4
30  Sudan 4.4
31  Ethiopia 4.3
32  Samoa 4.3
33  Comoros 4.2
34  Liberia 4.2
35  Malawi 4.2
36  Papua New Guinea 4.2
37  Sierra Leone 4.2
38  Solomon Islands 4.1
39  East Timor 4.0
40  Eritrea 4.0
41  Rwanda 4.0
42  Ghana 3.9
43  Zimbabwe 3.9
44  Yemen 3.7
45  Nauru 3.7
46  Vanuatu 3.7
47 (2)  French Guiana (France) 3.6
48  Iraq 3.6
49  Pakistan 3.6
50  Tuvalu 3.6
51  Gabon 3.5
52  Kenya 3.5
53  Mongolia 3.5
54  Palestine (Gaza Strip and West Bank) 3.5
55  Tajikistan 3.5
56  Tonga 3.5
57  Namibia 3.4
58  Kiribati 3.3
59  Kyrgyzstan 3.3
60  São Tomé and Príncipe 3.3
61  Libya 3.2
62  Micronesia 3.2
63  Algeria 3.0
64 (3)  Guam (US) 3.0
65  Haiti 3.0
66  Morocco 3.0
67  Syria 3.0
68  Turkmenistan 3.0
69  Egypt 2.9
70  Oman 2.9
71  Bolivia 2.8
72  Kazakhstan 2.8
73  Laos 2.8
74  Suriname 2.8
75  Djibouti 2.7
76  Guatemala 2.7
77  Jordan 2.7
78  Lesotho 2.7
79  Philippines 2.7
80  Eswatini (Swaziland) 2.6
81  Botswana 2.5
82  Cambodia 2.5
83  Paraguay 2.5
84  Uzbekistan 2.5
85  Fiji 2.4
86  Guyana 2.4
87  Nicaragua 2.4
88  Palau 2.4
89  Panama 2.4
90 (4)  Réunion (France) 2.4
91  Seychelles 2.4
92  Western Sahara 2.4
93  Argentina 2.3
94  Bangladesh 2.3
95  Belize 2.3
96  Dominican Republic 2.3
97  Indonesia 2.3
98 (5)  New Caledonia (France) 2.3
99  South Africa 2.3
100  Turkey 2.3
101  Venezuela 2.3
  World 2.3
102  Cape Verde 2.2
103  Honduras 2.2
104  India 2.2
105  Kuwait 2.2
106  Nepal 2.2
107  Peru 2.2
108  Ecuador 2.1
109  El Salvador 2.1
110 (6)  Guadeloupe (France) 2.1
111  Jamaica 2.1
112  Lebanon 2.1
113  Maldives 2.1
114  Mexico 2.1
115  Israel 2.1
116  Sri Lanka 2.1
117  Tunisia 2.1
118  Vietnam 2.1
  Population Replacement 2.1
119  Antigua and Barbuda 2.0
120  Bahrain 2.0
121  Colombia 2.0
122 (7)  French Polynesia (France) 2.0
123  Georgia 2.0
124  Grenada 2.0
125  Iran 2.0
126 (8)  Martinique (France) 2.0
127  Myanmar (Burma) 2.0
128  Saudi Arabia 2.0
129  North Korea 1.9
130  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.9
131  Albania 1.8
132  Azerbaijan 1.8
133  Dominica 1.8
134  France 1.8
135  Ireland 1.8
136  Malaysia 1.8
137  Montenegro 1.8
138  New Zealand 1.8
139  Qatar 1.8
140  Saint Kitts and Nevis 1.8
141  Sweden 1.8
142  Uruguay 1.8
143  Australia 1.7
144  Bahamas 1.7
145  Bhutan 1.7
146  Brunei 1.7
147  Czech Republic 1.7
148  Denmark 1.7
149  Estonia 1.7
150  Iceland 1.7
151  United States 1.7
152  Armenia 1.6
153  Barbados 1.6
154  Belgium 1.6
155  Bulgaria 1.6
156  Chile 1.6
157  Costa Rica 1.6
158  Cuba 1.6
159 (9)  Curaçao (Netherlands) 1.6
160  Germany 1.6
161  Kosovo 1.6
162  Latvia 1.6
163  Liechtenstein 1.6
164  Brazil 1.6
165  Lithuania 1.6
166  Netherlands 1.6
167  Russia 1.6
168  Slovenia 1.6
169  United Kingdom 1.6
170  Austria 1.5
171  Canada 1.5
172  China (mainland only) 1.5
173  Croatia 1.5
174  Cyprus 1.5
175  Hungary 1.5
176  Norway 1.5
177  Serbia 1.5
178  Slovakia 1.5
179  Thailand 1.5
180  Trinidad and Tobago 1.5
-  EU 1.5
181  Belarus 1.4
182  Finland 1.4
183  Greece 1.4
184  Mauritius 1.4
185  North Macedonia 1.4
186  Poland 1.4
187  Portugal 1.4
188  Romania 1.4
189  Saint Lucia 1.4
190  Switzerland 1.4
191  United Arab Emirates 1.4
192  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.3
193 Channel Islands(10)  Guernsey (UK) and (11)  Jersey (UK) 1.3
194  Italy 1.3
195  Japan 1.3
196  Luxembourg 1.3
197  San Marino 1.3
198  Spain 1.3
199  Ukraine 1.3
200  Malta 1.2
201  Moldova 1.2
202 (12)  Hong Kong (China) 1.1
203  Singapore 1.1
204  Andorra 1.0
205  Republic of China (Taiwan) 1.0
206 (13)  Puerto Rico (US) 1.0
207  South Korea 0.9
208 (14)  Macau (China) 0.9
  Sovereign States: 194
  Dependent Territories: 14
  World
1 World 2.3
  Continents
1 Africa 4.4
2 Oceania 2.3
3.1 Asia (excluding China) 2.3
3.2 Asia 2.0
4 Americas 1.9
5 Europe 1.5
  Major Regions
1 Sub-Saharan Africa 4.8
1.1 Middle Africa 5.8
1.2 Western Africa 5.2
1.3 Eastern Africa 4.5
1.4 Southern Africa 2.4
2 Northern Africa 3.0
3 Central Asia 2.8
4 Western Asia 2.6
5 South Asia 2.4
6 Oceania 2.3
7 Southeast Asia 2.2
8 Latin America and the Caribbean 2.0
8.1 Central America 2.2
8.2 Caribbean 2.1
8.3 South America 2.0
9 Northern America 1.7
10 Western Europe 1.7
11 Northern Europe 1.6
12 East Asia 1.5
13 Eastern Europe 1.5
14 Southern Europe 1.3
  Development Level
1 Least Developed 4.1
2 Less Developed (excluding China) 2.8
3 Less Developed 2.5
4 More Developed 1.6
  Income
1 Low Income 4.6
2 Middle Income 2.2
2.1 - Lower Middle Income 2.7
2.2 - Upper Middle Income 1.8
3 High Income 1.6
  Not Ranked
1 (1)  Christmas Island (Australia) -
2 (2)  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) -
3 (3)  Falkland Islands (UK) -
4 (4)  Faroe Islands (Denmark) -
5  Monaco -
6  Niue -
7 (5)  Norfolk Island (Australia) -
8 (6)  Pitcairn Islands (UK) -
9 (7)  Svalbard (Norway) -
10 (8)  Tokelau (New Zealand) -
11  Vatican City -
  Sovereign States: 3
  Dependent Territories: 8
2019 List by the OWID - Our World In Data - Based on Gapminder Estimates[citation needed]
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 2019
(births/woman)
1  Niger 7.07
2  Somalia 5.98
3  DR Congo 5.82
4  Mali 5.79
5  Chad 5.65
6  Angola 5.48
7  Burundi 5.45
8  Nigeria 5.32
9  Uganda 5.32
10  Gambia 5.22
11  Burkina Faso 5.11
12  Mozambique 5.05
13  Tanzania 4.83
14  Zambia 4.81
15  Benin 4.77
16  Ivory Coast 4.72
17  Central African Republic 4.65
18  Guinea 4.62
19  South Sudan 4.62
20  Senegal 4.55
21  Equatorial Guinea 4.43
22  Afghanistan 4.18
23  Cameroon 4.51
24  Mauritania 4.49
25  Congo 4.48
26  Guinea-Bissau 4.41
27  Liberia 4.38
28  Malawi 4.38
29  Sudan 4.35
30  São Tomé and Príncipe 4.27
31  Sierra Leone 4.17
32  Togo 4.26
33  Iraq 4.19
34  Comoros 4.14
35  Madagascar 4.02
36  Eritrea 3.92
37  Ethiopia 3.86
38  Samoa 3.83
39  Ghana 3.81
40  Solomon Islands 3.69
41  Yemen 3.69
42  Kenya 3.68
43  Rwanda 3.67
44  Gabon 3.59
45  Kiribati 3.53
46  Zimbabwe 3.53
47  Papua New Guinea 3.52
48  Tonga 3.52
49  Pakistan 3.29
50  Namibia 3.24
51  Tajikistan 3.22
52 (1)  French Guiana (France) 3.21
53  Jordan 3.18
54  Vanuatu 3.17
55  Egypt 3.10
56  Lesotho 2.95
57  Eswatini (Swaziland) 2.94
58  Israel 2.89
59  Kyrgyzstan 2.86
60  Philippines 2.84
61  Guatemala 2.82
62  Bolivia 2.77
63  Haiti 2.77
64  Syria 2.77
65  Turkmenistan 2.74
66  Djibouti 2.67
67  Mongolia 2.63
68  Botswana 2.60
69  Algeria 2.59
70  Kazakhstan 2.54
71  Laos 2.54
72  Oman 2.46
73  Cambodia 2.47
74  Saudi Arabia 2.42
75  Belize 2.41
76  Fiji 2.45
77  Guyana 2.44
78  Panama 2.43
79  Ecuador 2.41
80  Paraguay 2.40
  World 2.40
81  Morocco 2.38
82  South Africa 2.38
83  Honduras 2.35
84  Dominican Republic 2.34
85  Peru 2.31
86  Suriname 2.30
87  Indonesia 2.29
88  Cape Verde 2.24
89  India 2.26
90  Argentina 2.25
91  Venezuela 2.25
92  Seychelles 2.23
93  Uzbekistan 2.21
94  Libya 2.16
95  Myanmar (Burma) 2.15
96  Nicaragua 2.12
97  Tunisia 2.12
98 (2)  New Caledonia (France) 2.11
  Population Replacement 2.10
99  Mexico 2.09
100  Grenada 2.04
101  Antigua and Barbuda 2.02
102  Azerbaijan 2.02
103  Bangladesh 2.02
104  El Salvador 2.02
105  Nepal 2.02
106  Sri Lanka 2.01
107  Turkey 2.00
108  Ireland 1.98
109  Malaysia 1.98
110  Maldives 1.98
111  France 1.97
112  Georgia 1.97
113  Jamaica 1.97
114  Bahrain 1.96
115  Bhutan 1.96
116  New Zealand 1.96
117  Uruguay 1.96
118  Kuwait 1.94
119  Vietnam 1.94
120  Iceland 1.91
121  Sweden 1.91
122  United States 1.90
123  North Korea 1.88
124  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1.87
125  United Kingdom 1.87
126  Qatar 1.85
127  Brunei 1.84
128  Norway 1.83
129  Australia 1.82
130  Barbados 1.80
131  Belgium 1.80
132  Colombia 1.80
133  Finland 1.78
134  Denmark 1.77
135  Russia 1.77
136  Chile 1.75
137  Netherlands 1.75
138  Bahamas 1.74
139  Costa Rica 1.74
140  Belarus 1.72
141  Cuba 1.72
142  Trinidad and Tobago 1.72
143  Albania 1.70
144  Lebanon 1.70
145  United Arab Emirates 1.70
146  Lithuania 1.68
147  Estonia 1.67
148  Montenegro 1.65
149  Slovenia 1.65
150  Brazil 1.65
151  China 1.64
152  Serbia 1.63
153  Luxembourg 1.61
154  Bulgaria 1.60
155  Armenia 1.59
156  Czech Republic 1.59
157  Iran 1.59
158  Latvia 1.59
159  Ukraine 1.58
160  Canada 1.56
161  Macedonia 1.56
162  Switzerland 1.56
163  Romania 1.55
164  Austria 1.53
165  Italy 1.51
166  Japan 1.50
167  Malta 1.49
168  Germany 1.48
169 (3)  Puerto Rico (US) 1.46
170  Croatia 1.44
171  Thailand 1.44
172  Saint Lucia 1.43
173  Mauritius 1.42
174  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.41
175  Hungary 1.41
176  Spain 1.41
177  Cyprus 1.33
178  Greece 1.30
179  Poland 1.29
180  Singapore 1.27
181  Portugal 1.24
182  Moldova 1.23
183  South Korea 0.92
  Sovereign States: 183
  Dependent Territories: 3
  World
1 World 2.40
  Not Ranked
1 (1)  American Samoa (US) -
2  Andorra -
3 (2)  Aruba (Netherlands) -
4 (3)  Bermuda (UK) -
5 (4)  Cayman Islands (UK) -
6 Channel Islands - (5)  Guernsey (UK) and (6)  Jersey (UK) -
7 (7)  Curaçao (Netherlands) -
8  Dominica -
9 (8)  Faroe Islands (Denmark) -
10 (9)  French Polynesia (France) -
11 (10)  Greenland (Denmark) -
12 (11)  Guadeloupe (France) -
13 (12)  Guam (US) -
14 (13)  Hong Kong (China) -
15 (14)  Isle of Man (UK) -
16  Kosovo -
17  Liechtenstein -
18 (15)  Macau (China) -
19  Marshall Islands -
20 (16)  Mayotte (France) -
21  Micronesia -
22  Monaco -
23 (17)  Northern Mariana Islands (US) -
24  Palau -
25  Palestine (Gaza Strip and West Bank) -
26  San Marino -
27 (18)  Saint Martin (France) (French part) -
28 (19)  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) (Dutch part) -
29  Slovakia -
30  Saint Kitts and Nevis -
31  East Timor -
32 (20)  Turks and Caicos Islands UK) -
33  Tuvalu -
34 (21)  U.S. Virgin Islands (US) -
35  Vatican City -
  Sovereign States: 14
  Dependent Territories: 21

Note:

(-) Data unavailable, inapplicable, not collected or country or dependent territory not included. Sovereign states and dependent territories listed by alphabetical order, not ranked.

Country ranking and comparison of TFR by year[edit]

1950 and 2015[edit]

1950 List by Our World In Data 2015 List by Our World In Data
Rank Country Fertility rate
in 1950
(births/woman)
1  Iraq 8.11
2 (1)  Rwanda (Belgian overseas colonies, Ruanda-UrundiUnited Nations trust territories Rwanda) 7.92
3 (2)  New Hebrides (British and French Condominium →  Vanuatu) 7.68
4 (3)  Samoa (United Nations trust territories, Western Samoa Samoa) 7.63
5  Jordan 7.56
6  Morocco 7.51
7  Honduras 7.47
8  Afghanistan 7.45
9  Philippines 7.45
10 (4)  Ivory Coast (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa, French Ivory Coast Ivory Coast 7.38
11  Yemen ( North Yemen and  South Yemen Yemen) 7.37
12 (5)  Kenya (British Empire, Kenya Colony Kenya) 7.36
13  Ethiopia 7.35
14 (6)  Angola (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Angola Angola) 7.34
15 (7)  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (British Empire Saint Vincent and the Grenadines) 7.33
16 (8)  Madagascar (French Colonial Empire, French Madagascar Madagascar) 7.30
17 (9)  Tonga (British Empire, British Protectorate Tonga) 7.30
18 (10)  Algeria (French Colonial Empire, French Algeria Algeria) 7.29
19 (11)  Niger (French Colonial Empire, French Niger Niger) 7.26
20 (12)  Somalia (British Empire, British Somaliland and Trust Territory of Somaliland Somalia) 7.25
21  Oman 7.25
22 (13)  Kuwait (British Empire, British Protectorate Kuwait) 7.22
23  Saudi Arabia 7.20
24 (14)  Micronesia (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Micronesia) 7.20
25  Syria 7.18
26  Guatemala 7.15
27  Libya 7.10
28 (15)  Qatar (British Empire, British Protectorate Qatar) 6.97
29 (16)  Bahrain (British Empire Bahrain) 6.97
30 (17)  Mozambique (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Mozambique Mozambique) 6.97
31 (18)  Mali (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa, French Sudan Mali) 6.96
32  Peru 6.95
33 (19)  Cambodia (French Colonial Empire, French Indochina, French Cambodia Cambodia) 6.95
34 (20)  United Arab Emirates (British Empire, Trucial States United Arab Emirates) 6.94
35  Bolivia 6.93
36  Iran 6.92
37 (21)  Eritrea ( Ethiopia Eritrea) 6.92
38  Republic of China (Taiwan) 6.90
39 (22)  Uganda (British Empire Uganda) 6.89
40  Nicaragua 6.88
41 (23)  Brunei (British Empire, British Protectorate Brunei) 6.86
42 (24)  Malawi (British Empire, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Nyasaland Protectorate Malawi) 6.84
43 (25)  Burundi (Belgian overseas colonies, Ruanda-UrundiUnited Nations trust territories Burundi) 6.82
44 (26)  Senegal (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa, French Senegal Senegal) 6.79
45  Colombia 6.77
46 (27)  Southern Rhodesia (British Empire, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Zimbabwe) 6.75
47  Turkey 6.74
48  Mexico 6.72
49  Ecuador 6.72
50  Egypt 6.72
51 (28)  Swaziland (British Empire Swaziland) 6.71
52 (29)  Tanzania (British Empire, Tanganyika and Zanzibar Tanzania) 6.70
53  Belize 6.69
54 (30)  Sudan (British Empire, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Sudan) 6.68
55  Bhutan 6.67
56  China 6.67
57 (31)  South Sudan (British Empire, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Sudan South Sudan) 6.63
58 (32)  Northern Rhodesia (British Empire, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Zambia) 6.62
59 (33)  Singapore (British Empire, British Singapore Singapore) 6.61
60  Pakistan 6.60
61 (34)  Suriname (Kingdom of the Netherlands Suriname) 6.58
62 (35)  Cape Verde (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Cape Verde Cape Verde) 6.57
63 (36)  Tunisia (French Colonial Empire, French protectorate of Tunisia Tunisia) 6.56
64  Venezuela 6.54
65 (37)  East Timor (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Timor East Timor) 6.51
66 (38)  Dominican Republic 6.49
67  Paraguay 6.49
68 (39)  Botswana (British Empire, Bechuanaland Protectorate Botswana) 6.47
69 (40)  Solomon Islands (British Empire Solomon Islands) 6.40
70 (41)  Ghana (British Empire, Gold Coast (British colony) Ghana) 6.37
71  Nigeria (British Empire, British Nigeria Nigeria 6.36
72 (42)  Malaysia (British Empire, British Malaya and British Borneo Malaysia) 6.36
73 (43)  Togo (United Nations trust territories, French Colonial Empire, French West Africa, French Togoland Togo) 6.33
74  Haiti 6.31
75 (44)  Djibouti (French Colonial Empire, French Somaliland Djibouti) 6.30
76 (45)  Fiji (British Empire Fiji) 6.30
77  Liberia 6.25
78  El Salvador 6.24
79 (46)  Bangladesh (Pakistan, East Pakistan Bangladesh) 6.23
80 (47)  Papua and New Guinea (United Nations trust territories Papua New Guinea 6.23
81 (48)  São Tomé and Príncipe (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Sao Tome and Principe São Tomé and Príncipe) 6.20
82  Brazil 6.14
83  Thailand 6.13
84 (49)  Mauritania (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa, French Mauritania Mauritania 6.12
85 (50)  Kiribati (British Empire, Gilbert and Ellice Islands Kiribati ) 6.10
86 (51)  Sierra Leone (British Empire Sierra Leone) 6.09
87 (52)  Chad (French Colonial Empire, French Equatorial Africa, French Chad Chad) 6.06
88 (53)  Greenland (Denmark) 6.05
89  South Africa 6.04
90 (54)  Maldives (British Empire, British Protectorate Maldives) 6.03
91 (55)  Burkina Faso (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa Republic of Upper Volta Burkina Faso) 6.03
92  Burma (→  Myanmar) 6.03
93 (56)  Saint Lucia (British Empire, West Indies Federation Saint Lucia) 6.00
94 (57)  Comoros (French Colonial Empire Comoros) 6.00
95 (58)  French Polynesia (French Colonial EmpireFrance) 6.00
96 (59)  Belgian Congo (Belgian Colonial Empire, Belgian Congo Congo-Léopoldville Zaire DR Congo) 5.99
97 (60)  Guinea (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa, French Guinea Guinea 5.97
98 (61)  South West Africa ( South Africa Namibia) 5.96
99  Nepal 5.96
100  Albania 5.96
101  Laos (French Colonial Empire, French Indochina, French Laos Laos) 5.94
102 (62)  Guinea-Bissau (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Guinea Guinea-Bissau) 5.92
103  India 5.91
104 (63)  Mauritius (British Empire Mauritius) 5.90
105 (64)  Lesotho (British Empire Lesotho) 5.81
106 (65)  Grenada (British Empire Grenada) 5.80
107  Lebanon 5.76
108 (66)  Dahomey (French Colonial Empire, French West Africa Dahomey Benin) 5.75
109 (67)  Guyana (British Empire Guyana) 5.69
110  Panama 5.68
111 (68)  Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Empire, Spanish Guinea Equatorial Guinea) 5.68
112 (69)  Congo (French Colonial Empire, French Congo, French Equatorial Africa Congo) 5.67
113  Costa Rica 5.65
114 (70)  Aruba (Netherlands) 5.65
115  Sri Lanka 5.64
116 (71)  Cameroon (United Nations Trust Territories, French Colonial Empire, French Equatorial Africa, French Cameroons Cameroon) 5.54
117 (72)  SR Macedonia ( Yugoslavia North Macedonia) 5.52
118  Mongolia 5.50
119 (73)  Central African Republic (French Colonial Empire, French Equatorial Africa, Ubangi-Shari Central African Republic) 5.40
120  Indonesia 5.35
121 (74)  Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Yugoslavia Bosnia and Herzegovina) 5.32
122 (75)  Trinidad and Tobago (British Empire, West Indies Federation Trinidad and Tobago) 5.28
123 (76)  U.S. Virgin Islands (US) 5.25
124 (77)  Gambia (British Empire, Gambia Colony and Protectorate Gambia) 5.23
125 (78)  New Caledonia (French colonial EmpireFrance) 5.22
126 (79)  Uzbek SSR ( Soviet Union Uzbekistan) 5.08
127 (80)  French Guiana (French Colonial EmpireFrance) 5.08
128  Chile 5.08
129 (81)  Azerbaijan SSR ( Soviet Union Azerbaijan) 5.07
130 (82)  Tajik SSR ( Soviet Union Tajikistan) 5.04
131  South Korea 5.02
132 (83)  Puerto Rico (US) 4.97
  World 4.96
133 (84)  Vietnam (French Colonial Empire, French Indochina, French Vietnam North Vietnam and  South Vietnam Vietnam) 4.96
134 (85)  Turkmen SSR ( Soviet Union Turkmenistan) 4.89
135  Cuba 4.76
136 (86)  Montenegro ( Yugoslavia Montenegro) 4.62
137  Israel 4.52
138 (87)  Antigua and Barbuda (British Empire Antigua and Barbuda) 4.50
139 (88)  Hong Kong (British Empire, Hong Kong colony China, Special administrative regions of China) 4.44
140 (89)  Barbados (British Empire Barbados) 4.42
141 (90)  Macau (Portuguese Empire, Portuguese Macau China, Special administrative regions of China) 4.39
142 (91)  Kazakh SSR ( Soviet Union Kazakhstan) 4.30
143 (92)  Malta (British Empire Malta) 4.14
144 (93)  Armenian SSR ( Soviet Union Armenia ) 4.13
145 (94)  Bahamas (British Empire Bahamas) 3.98
146 (95)  Gabon (French Colonial Empire, French Congo, French Equatorial Africa Gabon 3.95
147 (96)  Kirghiz SSR ( Soviet Union Kyrgyzstan) 3.92
148 (97)  Cyprus (British Empire, British Cyprus Cyprus) 3.85
149 (98)  Jamaica (British Empire, Colony of Jamaica Jamaica) 3.80
150  Iceland 3.62
151 (99)  Slovak Socialist Republic' 3.59
152  Poland 3.53
153 (100)  SR Serbia ( Yugoslavia Serbia and Montenegro Serbia) 3.53
154  Canada 3.47
155  Ireland 3.47
156 (101)  Moldavian SSR ( Soviet Union Moldova) 3.47
157  Japan 3.44
158  New Zealand 3.38
159  Argentina 3.16
160  Finland 3.13
161  Portugal 3.10
162  United States 3.05
163  Netherlands 3.05
164  Romania 3.05
165  Australia 3.01
166 (102)  Czech Socialist Republic 2.94
167 (103)  SR Croatia ( Yugoslavia Croatia) 2.92
168 (104)  Lithuanian SSR ( Soviet Union Lithuania) 2.90
169 (105)  SR Slovenia ( Yugoslavia Slovenia) 2.87
170  France 2.83
171 (106)  Russian SFSR ( Soviet Union Russia) 2.81
172  Hungary 2.77
173 (107)  Ukrainian SSR ( Soviet Union Ukraine) 2.72
174  Uruguay 2.69
175  Bulgaria 2.66
176 (108)  Georgian SSR ( Soviet Union Georgia) 2.65
177  Denmark 2.58
178  Italy 2.50
179 (109)  Byelorussian SSR ( Soviet Union Belarus) 2.50
180  Greece 2.47
181  Norway 2.46
182  Spain 2.45
183  Belgium 2.33
184  Switzerland 2.33
185  Sweden 2.25
  Population Replacement 2.10
186 (110)  Estonian SSR ( Soviet Union Estonia) 2.09
187  Germany ( West Germany and  East Germany Germany) 2.09
188  United Kingdom 2.08
189 Channel Islands - (111)  Guernsey (UK) and (112)  Jersey (UK) 2.06
190 (113)  Latvian SSR ( Soviet Union Latvia) 2.01
191  North Korea 1.95
192  Austria 1.87
193  Luxembourg 1.87
  Sovereign States: 80
  Dependent Territories: 113
  World
World 4.96
  Not Ranked (no data or data from other years)
1 (1)  American Samoa (US) -
2  Andorra -
3 (2)  Bermuda (UK) -
4 (3)